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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236075/risks-and-benefits-of-increased-nut-consumption-cardiovascular-health-benefits-outweigh-the-burden-of-carcinogenic-effects-attributed-to-aflatoxin-b%C3%A2-exposure
#1
Hanna Eneroth, Stina Wallin, Karin Leander, Johan Nilsson Sommar, Agneta Åkesson
Nuts are rich in nutrients and mounting evidence shows that consumption reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Nuts may also be a major source of aflatoxin B₁, a potent liver carcinogen and the risk/benefit balance is unknown. Based on national statistics and data from the PREDIMED intervention trial, we estimated the potential CVD-reduction if Swedes aged 55-79 consumed 30 g nuts/day, instead of the current national average of five grams per day. We also assessed the reduction in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236025/treatment-performance-nitrous-oxide-production-and-microbial-community-under-low-ammonium-wastewater-in-a-canon-process
#2
Weixing Mi, Jianqiang Zhao, Xiaoqian Ding, Guanghuan Ge, Rixiang Zhao
To investigate the characteristics of anaerobic ammonia oxidation for treating low-ammonium wastewater, a continuous-flow completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) biofilm reactor was studied. At a temperature of 32 ± 1 °C and a pH between 7.5 and 8.2, two operational experiments were performed: the first one fixed the hydraulic retention time (HRT) at 10 h and gradually reduced the influent ammonium concentrations from 210 to 50 mg L-1; the second one fixed the influent ammonium concentration at 30 mg L-1 and gradually decreased the HRT from 10 to 3 h...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235719/prevalence-and-sociodemographic-correlates-of-routine-breast-cancer-screening-practices-among-migrant-australian-women
#3
Michelle Lam, Cannas Kwok, Mi-Joung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate breast cancer screening (BCS) practice and explore the relationship between sociodemographic factors and breast awareness (BA), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography in migrant-Australian women. METHOD: Secondary analysis was performed on the pooled sample (n=1,744) from five cross-sectional studies of BCS rates among immigrant-Australian women, and the associated sociodemographic factors. RESULTS: Only 19% of women participated in routine BA, 27...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235292/-a-new-naphthalene-derivative-from-aloe-vera-and-its-antibacterial-activity
#4
Wei-Song Kong, Jing Li, Xin Liu, Qi-Li Mi, Jian-Hua Chen, Xue-Mei Li, Guang-Yu Yang, Qiu-Fen Hu, Tao Li, Ye-Kun Yang
A new naphthalene derivative has been isolated from Aloe vera by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, sephadex, MCI-gel resin, and RP-HPLC. The new compound was determined as 3-hydroxy-1-(1,7-dihydroxy-3,6-dimethoxynaphthalen-2-yl)propan-1-one (1). In the biological activity assay, compound 1 disglayed prominent antibacterial activity with a MIC90 value of (48±4) mg•L⁻¹ for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain which was stronger than that of the positive control levofloxacin with a MIC90 value (58±5) mg•L⁻¹...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235285/-study-on-calibration-standard-for-reference-drug-of-lonicera-japonica-cultivated-in-xinmi
#5
Jian Yang, Chao Jiang, Yan Jin, Yu-Yang Zhao, Yuan Yuan, Lu-Qi Huang
The calibration technical specification for reference drug of Lonicera japonica cultivated in Xinmi (Mi Yin Hua) established in this study can be used as the theoretical basis and technical standard for internal quality control and evaluation of reference drug of Mi Yin Hua and for modern research and characteristics identification of Dao-di herbs. Based on the quality standard of L. japonica in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (version 2015), 10 batches samples of Mi Yin Hua also conformed to the stipulation. The LC-MS fingerprint common mode of Mi Yin Hua was obtained, and a total of 23 characteristic peaks were selected as the common fingerprint peaks, and eight common chromatographic peaks in the fingerprint was identified based on standard substances and references...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235238/study-of-the-controlled-assembly-of-dna-gated-pei-chitosan-sio2-fluorescent-sensor
#6
Zheng Chang, Yinghao Mi, Xingwang Zheng
In this paper, polyethylenimine (PEI) and Chitosan were simultaneously one-step doped into silicon dioxide (SiO2 ) nanoparticles to synthesize PEI/Chitosan/SiO2 composite nanoparticles. The polymer PEI contained a large amount of amino groups, which can realize the amino functionalized SiO2 nanoparticles. And, the good pore forming effect of Chitosan was introduced into SiO2 nanoparticles, and the resulting composite nanoparticles also had a porous structure. In pH 7.4 phosphate buffer solution (PBS), the amino groups of PEI had positive charges, and therefore the fluorescein sodium dye molecule can be loaded into the channels of PEI/Chitosan/SiO2 composite nanoparticles by electrostatic adsorption...
December 12, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234453/an-association-study-of-taq1a-ankk1-and-c957t-and-%C3%A2-141c-drd2-polymorphisms-in-adults-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-pilot-study
#7
Soo-Hyun Paik, Mi Ran Choi, Su Min Kwak, Sol Hee Bang, Ji-Won Chun, Jin-Young Kim, Jihye Choi, Hyun Cho, Jo-Eun Jeong, Dai-Jin Kim
Background: Though Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is considered to share similar genetic vulnerability with substance addictions, little has been explored about the role of the genetic variants on IGD. This pilot study was designed to investigate the association of the Taq1A polymorphism of the ankyrin repeat and kinase domain containing 1 (ANKK1) gene and C957T and - 141C of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) with IGD and their role on the personality and temperament traits in IGD among adult population...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234441/euphorbia-kansui-attenuates-insulin-resistance-in-obese-human-subjects-and-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#8
Seung-Wook Lee, Hyun-Young Na, Mi Hyeon Seol, Mia Kim, Byung-Cheol Lee
Background: Obesity is a main cause of insulin resistance (IR), metabolic syndrome, and fatty liver diseases. This study evaluated Euphorbia kansui radix (Euphorbia) as a potential treatment option for obesity and obesity-induced IR in obese human and high-fat diet- (HFD-) induced obese mice. Methods: In the human study, we analyzed the body weight change of 14 patients who took a single dose of 6 g of Euphorbia powder. In the animal study, male mice were divided into three groups: normal chow, HFD, and Euphorbia (high-fat diet and 100 mg/Kg Euphorbia once per week)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234420/mmp-inhibitory-effects-of-flavonoid-glycosides-from-edible-medicinal-halophyte-limonium-tetragonum
#9
Min Joo Bae, Fatih Karadeniz, Jung Hwan Oh, Ga Hyun Yu, Mi-Soon Jang, Ki-Ho Nam, Youngwan Seo, Chang-Suk Kong
Limonium tetragonum has been well-known for its antioxidative properties as a halophyte. This study investigated the antimetastasis effect of solvent-partitioned L. tetragonum extracts (LTEs) and isolated compounds on HT1080 mouse melanoma cell model with a focus on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and TIMP and MAPK pathways. Upregulation and stimulation of MMPs result in elevated degradation of extracellular matrix which is part of several complications such as metastasis, cirrhosis, and arthritis. The anti-MMP capacity of LTEs was confirmed by their MMP-inhibitory effects, regulation of MMP and TIMP expression, and suppression of MAPK pathway...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234360/apoptosis-and-remodeling-in-adriamycin-induced-cardiomyopathy-rat-model
#10
Young Mi Hong, Hyeryon Lee, Min-Sun Cho, Kwan Chang Kim
Purpose: The mechanism for the pathogenesis of adriamycin (ADR)-induced cardiomyopathy is not yet known. Different hypotheses include the production of free radicals, an interaction between ADR and nuclear components, and a disruption in cardiac-specific gene expression. Apoptosis has also been proposed as being involved in cardiac dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine if apoptosis might play a role in ADR-induced cardiomyopathy. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into 2 groups: the control group (C group) and the experimental group (ADR 5 mg/wk for 3 weeks through intraperitoneal injections; A group)...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234272/differential-roles-of-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3-subtypes-alpha-and-beta-in-cortical-development
#11
Yan-Xia Ma, Xiu-Li Wang, Jian-Quan Chen, Bin Li, Eun-Mi Hur, Saijilafu
Glycogen synthase kinases 3 (GSK3) α and β are expressed in the nervous system, and disruption of GSK3 signaling has been implicated in a wide range of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. Although several studies have established a role of GSK3 signaling in the nervous system, much less is known about isoform-specific functions. Here, we have examined the role of GSK3α and GSK3β in the developing neocortex by performing in utero electroporation with specific small interfering RNAs targeting each isoform...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233927/comprehensive-mutation-and-copy-number-profiling-in-archived-circulating-breast-cancer-tumor-cells-documents-heterogeneous-resistance-mechanisms
#12
Costanza Paoletti, Andi K Cani, Jose M Larios, Daniel H Hovelson, Kimberly Aung, Elizabeth P Darga, Emily M Cannell, Paul J Baratta, Chia-Jen Liu, David Chu, Maryam Yazdani, Allen R Blevins, Valeria Sero, Nahomi Tokudome, Dafydd G Thomas, Christina Gersch, Anne F Schott, Yi-Mi Wu, Robert Lonigro, Dan R Robinson, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Farideh Z Bischoff, Michael D Johnson, Ben Ho Park, Daniel F Hayes, James M Rae, Scott A Tomlins
Addressing drug resistance is a core challenge in cancer research, but the degree of heterogeneity in resistance mechanisms in cancer is unclear. In this study, we conducted next-generation sequencing (NGS) of circulating tumor cells (CTC) from patients with advanced cancer, to assess mechanisms of resistance to targeted therapy and reveal opportunities for precision medicine. Comparison of the genomic landscapes of CTC and tissue metastases is complicated by challenges in comprehensive CTC genomic profiling and paired tissue acquisition, particularly in patients who progress after targeted therapy...
December 12, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233823/large-cardiac-muscle-patches-engineered-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiac-cells-improve-recovery-from-myocardial-infarction-in-swine
#13
Ling Gao, Zachery R Gregorich, Wuqiang Zhu, Saidulu Mattapally, Yasin Oduk, Xi Lou, Ramaswamy Kannappan, Anton V Borovjagin, Gregory P Walcott, Andrew E Pollard, Vladimir G Fast, Xinyang Hu, Steven G Lloyd, Ying Ge, Jianyi Zhang
Background -Here, we generated human cardiac muscle patches (hCMPs) of clinically relevant dimensions (4 cm × 2 cm × 1.25 mm) by suspending cardiomyocytes, smooth-muscle cells, and endothelial cells that had been differentiated from human induced-pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) in a fibrin scaffold and then culturing the construct on a dynamic (rocking) platform. Methods -In vitro assessments of hCMPs suggest maturation in response to dynamic culture stimulation. In vivo assessments were conducted in a porcine model of myocardial infarction (MI)...
December 12, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233429/pharmacy-students-perceptions-of-the-usefulness-of-motivational-interviewing-and-the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-on-patient-counseling-in-the-future
#14
Justin K Owensby, Jan Kavookjian
INTRODUCTION: To explore student pharmacists' perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) use of mobile health applications (mHealth apps), and 3) usefulness of motivational interviewing (MI) in patient encounters and potential app messaging. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with first and second year pharmacy students (n=315) at a multi-campus university after exposure to mHealth app and MI curricular content. A questionnaire assessed perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) using apps for personal use and professional encounters, and 3) potential practicality and usefulness of MI principles/skills in apps messaging...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233305/motivational-interviewing-education-creation-and-assessment-of-a-learning-module-implemented-among-advanced-pharmacy-practice-students
#15
Lydia Bailey, Russell Curington, Bethanne Brown, Michael Hegener, Mike Espel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective nonrandomized study (quasi-experimental), pre-/post-intervention design was to implement and assess a formal orientation training program for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) students focusing on skills related to motivational interviewing (MI). EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students were assessed on their knowledge, perceived ability, and perceived need to incorporate MI in practice using a pre-/posttest...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233057/from-servicescape-to-loyalty-in-the-medical-tourism-industry-a-medical-clinic-s-service-perspective
#16
Minseong Kim, Dong-Woo Koo, Dong-Jin Shin, Sae-Mi Lee
Medical tourism organizations have increasingly recognized that loyalty makes a medical clinic a marketing success. To increase understanding of the importance of medical clinics, this study examined the roles of servicescapes, emotions, and satisfaction in the development of customer loyalty toward medical clinics and destination. Data were collected among international medical tourists visiting Korea. Results identified that dimensions of medical clinics' servicescape (ie, medical clinic environment, medical treatment, staff, and doctor) influenced emotions and satisfaction among international medical tourists...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233016/the-association-between-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-metabolic-syndrome-score-and-pulmonary-function-in-non-smoking-adults
#17
Hyun Yoon, Mi Young Gi, Ju Ae Cha, Chan Uk Yoo, Sang Muk Park
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the association of metabolic syndrome and metabolic syndrome score with the predicted forced vital capacity and predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s) values in Korean non-smoking adults. METHODS: We analysed data obtained from 6684 adults during the 2013-2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. RESULTS: After adjustment for related variables, metabolic syndrome ( p < 0...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232921/the-importance-of-the-circadian-clock-in-regulating-plant-metabolism
#18
REVIEW
Jin A Kim, Hyun-Soon Kim, Seo-Hwa Choi, Ji-Young Jang, Mi-Jeong Jeong, Soo In Lee
Carbohydrates are the primary energy source for plant development. Plants synthesize sucrose in source organs and transport them to sink organs during plant growth. This metabolism is sensitive to environmental changes in light quantity, quality, and photoperiod. In the daytime, the synthesis of sucrose and starch accumulates, and starch is degraded at nighttime. The circadian clock genes provide plants with information on the daily environmental changes and directly control many developmental processes, which are related to the path of primary metabolites throughout the life cycle...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232910/exploratory-temporal-and-spatial-analysis-of-myocardial-infarction-hospitalizations-in-calgary-canada
#19
Xiaoxiao Liu, Stefania Bertazzon
Spatial and temporal analyses are critical to understand the pattern of myocardial infarction (MI) hospitalizations over space and time, and to identify their underlying determinants. In this paper, we analyze MI hospitalizations in Calgary from 2004 to 2013, stratified by age and gender. First, a seasonal trend decomposition analyzes the seasonality; then a linear regression models the trend component. Moran's I and hot spot analyses explore the spatial pattern. Though exploratory, results show that most age and gender groups feature a statistically significant decline over the 10 years, consistent with previous studies in Canada...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#20
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
December 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
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