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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730756/animal-assisted-psychotherapy-for-young-people-with-behavioural-problems-in-residential-care
#1
Alexander Muela, Nekane Balluerka, Nora Amiano, Miguel Angel Caldentey, Jone Aliri
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP) programme on clinical symptoms, personal adjustment, and adaptive skills in a group of adolescents in residential care who had experienced childhood trauma and who presented mental health problems and difficulties adapting to the care home environment. The 87 participants (Mage  = 15.17, SD = 1.53) were divided into two groups: a treatment group (25 girls and 27 boys; Mage  = 15.00, SD = 1.55) and a control group (9 girls and 26 boys; Mage  = 15...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729742/can-principals-promote-teacher-development-as-evaluators-a-case-study-of-principals-views-and-experiences
#2
Matthew A Kraft, Allison Gilmour
PURPOSE: New teacher evaluation systems have expanded the role of principals as instructional leaders, but little is known about principals' ability to promote teacher development through the evaluation process. We conducted a case study of principals' perspectives on evaluation and their experiences implementing observation and feedback cycles to better understand whether principals feel as though they are able to promote teacher development as evaluators. RESEARCH METHODS: We conducted interviews with a stratified random sample of 24 principals in an urban district that recently implemented major reforms to its teacher evaluation system...
December 2016: Educational Administration Quarterly: EAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728635/gene-by-environment-interactions-on-alcohol-use-among-asian-american-college-freshmen
#3
Jeremy W Luk, Tiebing Liang, Tamara L Wall
OBJECTIVE: Among northeast Asians, the variant aldehyde dehydrogenase allele, ALDH2*2 (rs671, A/G, minor/major), has been inversely associated with alcohol dependence. The strength of the associations between ALDH2*2 and drinking behaviors depends on the developmental stage, the phenotype studied, and other moderating variables. This study examined ALDH2 gene status as a moderator of the associations between parental drinking, peer drinking, and acculturation with alcohol use among 222 Chinese American and Korean American college freshmen...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725992/social-profile-of-middle-school-aged-adolescents-who-use-electronic-cigarettes-implications-for-primary-prevention
#4
Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Megan L Smith, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Electronic cigarette (EC) use continues to increase among adolescents. From a primary prevention point of view, an important gap in our knowledge includes determining whether young smokers that use EC maintain a distinct social profile from kids who use combustible cigarettes (CC). Survey data from middle school students in West Virginia, USA were collected between September and November of 2015 (N = 6547, response rate 84.7%) as part of a state wide school-based mental health intervention program. Data was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression for categorical data...
July 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724669/seeds-of-hope-incorporating-community-based-strategies-to-implement-a-weight-loss-and-empowerment-intervention-in-eastern-north-carolina
#5
Lorenzo N Hopper, Kate F Blackman, Rachel A Page, Katie Barnes, Ziya Gizlice, A Imani Rivera, Lori Carter-Edwards
Seeds of HOPE (Health, Opportunities, Partnerships, and Empowerment) was a community-based participatory research project designed to implement an evidence-based weight loss and empowerment intervention aimed at increasing self-efficacy through peer support. HOPE Works, its model, has yielded significant weight loss and increases in participants' ability to set and achieve goals, including in consumption of fruits and vegetables and in physical activity.METHODS The Seeds of HOPE project was implemented through 3 peer leader recruitment approaches using Circle Leaders...
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724456/identifying-dietary-differences-between-scotland-and-england-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#6
Stephanie Chambers, Karen L Barton, Viviana Albani, Annie S Anderson, Wendy L Wrieden
OBJECTIVE: Rates of premature mortality have been higher in Scotland than in England since the 1970s. Given the known association of diet with chronic disease, the study objective was to identify and synthesise evidence on current and historical differences in food and nutrient intakes in Scotland and England. DESIGN: A rapid review of the peer-reviewed and grey literature was carried out. After an initial scoping search, Medline, CINAHL, Embase and Web of Science were searched...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724432/the-role-of-peer-victimization-in-the-physical-activity-and-screen-time-of-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Jodie A Stearns, Valerie Carson, John C Spence, Guy Faulkner, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Negative peer experiences may lead adolescents with overweight and obesity to be less active and engage in more sitting-related behaviors. Our study is among the first to empirically test these associations and hypothesized that 1) peer victimization would mediate the negative association between body weight status and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and 2) peer victimization would mediate the positive association between body weight status and screen time. Differences by gender were also explored...
July 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720028/growth-of-word-and-pseudoword-reading-efficiency-in-alphabetic-orthographies-impact-of-consistency
#8
Markéta Caravolas
Word and pseudoword reading are related abilities fundamental to reading development in alphabetic orthographies. They are respectively assumed to index children's orthographic representations of words, which are in turn acquired through the underlying "self-teaching mechanism" of alphabetic pseudoword decoding. Little is known about concurrent growth trajectories of these skills in the early grades among children learning different alphabetic orthographies. In the present study, between- and within-group latent growth models of word and pseudoword reading efficiency were tested on data spanning Grades 1 and 2 from learners of the inconsistent English and consistent Czech and Slovak orthographies...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719232/long-term-outcomes-of-a-multidisciplinary-weight-management-intervention-for-youth-with-disabilities
#9
Ashleigh A Pona, Meredith L Dreyer Gillette, Cathleen Odar Stough, Janelle K Gerling, Brooke R Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at increased risk for obesity compared with their typically developing peers and face unique barriers to healthy lifestyles. A limited number of weight management programs have been specifically tailored to accommodate youth with disabilities, and outcomes research in this population is scarce. We investigated the effectiveness of a specialized multidisciplinary weight management program for children with disabilities. METHODS: Youth (N = 115) ages 2-18 years (mean age = 10...
July 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718221/multidimensional-assessment-of-quality-of-life-of-children-and-problems-of-parents-in-indian-society-after-pediatric-renal-transplant-beyond-the-conventional-thoughts
#10
Priyank Yadav, Sandeep Nunia, Ankur Bansal, Sanjoy K Sureka, Rahul Jena, Mohd Sualeh Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
This study evaluated multidimensional QoL after renal transplant to find the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues after pediatric transplant. Sixty-two patients under the age of 18 at the time of assessment were asked to complete WHOQOL questionnaires. Assessment of behavioral, emotional status of child, problems of parents, and SEC of family were also performed. The beneficial effect of transplantation was observed across all domains of QoL (physical, psychological, social, environmental, and overall QoL)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716486/the-impact-of-a-peer-support-group-for-children-with-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-uganda
#11
Amy Scheel, Andrea Beaton, Emmy Okello, Chris T Longenecker, Isaac Omara Otim, Peter Lwabi, Craig Sable, Allison R Webel, Twalib Aliku
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a peer-support group on knowledge, quality of life, and social support for children with rheumatic heart disease (RHD). METHODS: Children diagnosed with RHD and receiving 4-weekly injectable penicillin were invited to participate in a monthly support group for 6 months. Pre- and post-intervention assessments included a baseline RHD knowledge assessment, a measure of health related quality of life (HRQOL) (PedsQLTM4.0), and a measure of social support (Hawthorne Friendship Scale)...
July 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716189/prediction-of-streptococcus-uberis-clinical-mastitis-risk-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-in-dairy-herds
#12
Simon C Archer, Andrew J Bradley, Selin Cooper, Peers L Davies, Martin J Green
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the risk of Streptococcus uberis clinical mastitis at cow level could be predicted from the historical presence of specific strains of S. uberis on dairy farms. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry was used to identify S. uberis isolates potentially capable of contagious transmission. Data were available from 10,652 cows from 52 English and Welsh dairy farms over a 14 month period, and 521 isolates of S. uberis from clinical mastitis cases were available for analysis...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714184/research-review-what-have-we-learned-about-adolescent-substance-use
#13
REVIEW
Kevin M Gray, Lindsay M Squeglia
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical biological, psychological, and social developmental stage involving heightened risk for substance use and associated adverse consequences. This review, synthesizing emerging findings on this complex topic, is intended to inform research and clinical care focused on adolescents. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using PubMed, yielding a cross-section of observational and interventional studies focused on adolescent substance use...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713272/anticancer-potential-of-citrus-juices-and-their-extracts-a-systematic-review-of-both-preclinical-and-clinical-studies
#14
REVIEW
Santa Cirmi, Alessandro Maugeri, Nadia Ferlazzo, Sebastiano Gangemi, Gioacchino Calapai, Udo Schumacher, Michele Navarra
Background: During the last decades, a huge body of evidence has been accumulated suggesting that Citrus fruits and their juices might have a role in preventing many diseases including cancer. Objective: To summarize the numerous evidences on the potential of Citrus juices and their extracts as anticancer agents. Data sources: A systematic review of articles written in English using MEDLINE (1946-present), EMBASE (1974-present) and Web of Sciences (1970-present) was performed independently by two reviewers...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711812/bullying-involvement-and-adolescent-substance-use-a-multilevel-investigation-of-individual-and-neighbourhood-risk-factors
#15
Laura J Lambe, Wendy M Craig
BACKGROUND: Youth involved with school bullying are vulnerable to many negative outcomes, including substance use. Research has yet to examine how this vulnerability operates in the context of other individual and neighbourhood differences. The current study aimed to fill this gap by using multilevel modeling to investigate both the individual and neighbourhood risk factors associated with frequent drunkenness and frequent cannabis use among adolescents. METHODS: Data from the 2010 Canadian Health Behaviours in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey were analyzed...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711387/serotype-distribution-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-in-children%C3%A2-5years-with-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-india-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jyotsana Singh, Suba Sundaresan, Anand Manoharan, Anita Shet
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of childhood diseases that result in significant morbidity and mortality in India. Commercially licensed and available pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) include ten (PCV-10) and 13 (PCV-13) pneumococcal serotypes. Vaccines with other serotype combinations are under development. Reviewing and reporting trends and distribution of pneumococcal serotypes causing invasive pneumococcal disease in India will be useful for policy making as PCV is being introduced into India's universal immunization program...
July 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710210/being-normal-not-vulnerable-case-study-of-a-2-day-residential-programme-for-young-adults-with-cancer
#17
Ana Martins, Rachel M Taylor, Sue Morgan, Lorna A Fern
OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe the outcomes and facilitating processes of participation at 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' (FYSOT), a 2-day residential programme/conference for young people with cancer, from the perspective of professionals attending and patient representatives. DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: Observation of the 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' over 18s residential programme and face-to-face interviews in hospital and phone interviews...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708444/counselling-users-of-hearing-technology-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#18
Alex Meibos, Karen Muñoz, Jared Schultz, Tanner Price, John J Whicker, Ana Caballero, Laurel Graham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to determine the scope of peer-reviewed empirical research related to counselling in audiology with patients using hearing technology and to identify limitations and gaps to guide recommendations for future research. DESIGN: A rapid evidence assessment was used to identify relevant articles for the review. STUDY SAMPLE: Eighteen articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Three themes were identified: (1) audiologist counselling perspectives, (2) counselling communication trends in practice and (3) audiologist experiences with professional training and reported patient outcomes...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704269/the-impact-of-medical-specialist-staffing-on-emergency-department-patient-flow-and-satisfaction
#19
M Christien van der Linden, Roeline A Y de Beaufort, Sven A G Meylaerts, Crispijn L van den Brand, Naomi van der Linden
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the impact of additional medical specialists, non-emergency physicians (non-EPs), performing direct supervision or a combination of direct and indirect supervision at an EP-led emergency department (ED), on patient flow and satisfaction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional, three-part study was carried out including staff surveys (n=379), a before and after 16-week data collection using data of visits during the peak hours (n=5270), and patient questionnaires during 1 week before the pilot and during week 5 of the pilot...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704137/uruguayan-secondary-school-students-speak-up-about-tobacco-results-from-focus-group-discussions-in-and-around-montevideo
#20
Erin Peterson, Melissa Harrell, Andrew Springer, José Medina, Lucía Martinez, Cheryl Perry, Diego Estol
This qualitative research study investigated intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors that shape young adolescent tobacco use behaviors in Uruguay. Focus groups were conducted in the summer of 2012 and fall of 2013 in four secondary schools in Montevideo, Uruguay, including two private schools and two public schools. A total of four focus groups were led in each school, composed of 4-6 students each, 16 focus groups in total. Data analysis utilized NVivo software and included deductive and inductive content analysis...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
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