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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349241/simultaneous-evaluation-of-physical-and-social-environmental-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Alexia Sawyer, Marcella Ucci, Russell Jones, Lee Smith, Abi Fisher
Background: Ecological models of physical activity posit that social and physical environmental features exert independent and interactive influences on physical activity, but previous research has focussed on independent influences. This systematic review aimed to synthesise the literature investigating how features of neighbourhood physical and social environments are associated with physical activity when both levels of influence are simultaneously considered, and to assess progress in the exploration of interactive effects of social and physical environmental correlates on physical activity...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344876/biosimilarity-and-interchangeability-principles-and-evidence-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Ross A McKinnon, Matthew Cook, Winston Liauw, Mona Marabani, Ian C Marschner, Nicolle H Packer, Johannes B Prins
BACKGROUND: The efficacy, safety and immunogenicity risk of switching between an originator biologic and a biosimilar or from one biosimilar to another are of potential concern. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to conduct a systematic literature review of the outcomes of switching between biologics and their biosimilars and identify any evidence gaps. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library from inception to June 2017...
January 17, 2018: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344461/using-role-plays-as-an-empathy-education-tool-for-ophthalmology-postgraduate
#3
Kirti Singh, Mainak Bhattacharyya, Vikas Veerwal, Arshi Singh
Purpose: To assess the role of an "empathy sensitizing module" (ESM) in ophthalmology postgraduates in promoting effective empathetic communication. Methodology: Thirty-nine ophthalmology postgraduates were taught effective empathetic communication using specially designed module, comprising of five illustrative role-plays. We evaluated the impact of the training by (a) self-assessment of empathy quotient by residents using Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE scale) before and 6 weeks after ESM training and (b) nonparticipant observation (NPO) by trained faculty in real-life settings over the next 4 months...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343932/effects-of-multimodal-mandala-yoga-on-social-and-emotional-skills-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-exploratory-study
#4
Lyn Gorbett Litchke, Ting Liu, Stephanie Castro
Context: Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrates impairment in the ability to socially and emotionally relate to others that can limit participation in groups, interaction with peers, and building successful life relationships. Aims: The aim of this exploratory study was to examine the effects of a novel multimodal Mandala yoga program on social and emotional skills for youth with ASD. Subjects and Methods: Five males with ASD attended 1 h yoga sessions, twice a week for 4 weeks...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342479/time-spent-on-dedicated-patient-care-and-documentation-tasks-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-structured-and-standardized-electronic-health-record
#5
Erik Joukes, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Ronald Cornet, Nicolette F de Keizer
BACKGROUND:  Physicians spend around 35% of their time documenting patient data. They are concerned that adopting a structured and standardized electronic health record (EHR) will lead to more time documenting and less time for patient care, especially during consultations. OBJECTIVE:  This study measures the effect of the introduction of a structured and standardized EHR on documentation time and time for dedicated patient care during outpatient consultations...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340247/weekend-effect-in-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Pei-Ching Shih, Shu-Jung Liu, Sung-Tse Li, Ai-Chen Chiu, Po-Chuan Wang, Lawrence Yu-Min Liu
Aim: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the weekend effect on the mortality of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding(UGIB). Methods: The review protocol has been registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (registration number: CRD42017073313) and was written according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. We conducted a search of the PUBMED, COCHRANE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases from inception to August 2017...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338769/publication-rate-of-abstracts-presented-at-japan-geriatrics-society-annual-meetings-2011-2012-a-retrospective-observational-study
#7
Junpei Komagamine, Masaki Kobayashi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the publication rate of abstracts presented at Japan Geriatrics Society Annual Meetings. Publication rates were determined by searching for full-text publications up to September 2017 in the MEDLINE database. Factors associated with publication were determined. RESULTS: In total, 618 abstracts presented at Japan Geriatrics Society Annual Meetings (2011-2012) were included. Of those, 146 (23.6% [95% CI 20.3-27.0%]) were published in peer-reviewed journals indexed in MEDLINE...
January 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337761/children-s-recognition-of-emotional-prosody-in-spectrally-degraded-speech-is-predicted-by-their-age-and-cognitive-status
#8
Anna R Tinnemore, Danielle J Zion, Aditya M Kulkarni, Monita Chatterjee
OBJECTIVES: It is known that school-aged children with cochlear implants show deficits in voice emotion recognition relative to normal-hearing peers. Little, however, is known about normal-hearing children's processing of emotional cues in cochlear implant-simulated, spectrally degraded speech. The objective of this study was to investigate school-aged, normal-hearing children's recognition of voice emotion, and the degree to which their performance could be predicted by their age, vocabulary, and cognitive factors such as nonverbal intelligence and executive function...
January 15, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337264/indirect-reciprocity-with-negative-assortment-and-limited-information-can-promote-cooperation
#9
Eleanor Brush, Åke Brännström, Ulf Dieckmann
Cooperation is ubiquitous in biological and social systems, even though cooperative behavior is often costly and at risk of exploitation by non-cooperators. Several studies have demonstrated that indirect reciprocity, whereby some members of a group observe the behaviors of their peers and use this information to discriminate against previously uncooperative agents in the future, can promote prosocial behavior. Some studies have shown that differential propensities of interacting among and between different types of agents (interaction assortment) can increase the effectiveness of indirect reciprocity...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332112/evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-peer-education-on-smoking-behavior-among-high-school-students
#10
Nurcan Bilgiç, Türkan Günay
To evaluate the effectiveness of peer education on changing the smoking behavior of high schoolage children's.  Methods: In this interventional study; transtheoretical model, which is one of the cognitive-behavioral models was used for application of the peer education. Study was conducted in Izmir during 2011-2012 education period and included 338 students from 2 high schools The independent variable of the study is peer training.  Descriptive variables for a student are age, gender, tendecy of friends to smoke inside and outside the school,  the age they have first experienced the habit,  reasons for nicotine consumption,  levels of addiction,  chatting about smoking and related harms...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331970/is-there-a-social-gradient-of-sarcopenia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Darci Green, Gustavo Duque, Nick Fredman, Aoun Rizvi, Sharon Lee Brennan-Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass and function) is a relatively new area within the field of musculoskeletal research and medicine. Investigating whether there is a social gradient, including occupation type and income level, of sarcopenia, as observed for other diseases, will contribute significantly to the limited evidence base for this disease. This new information may inform the prevention and management of sarcopenia and widen the evidence base to support existing and future health campaigns...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331965/right-iliac-fossa-pain-treatment-rift-study-protocol-for-an-international-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#12
Dmitri Nepogodiev
INTRODUCTION: Patients presenting with right iliac fossa (RIF) pain are a common challenge for acute general surgical services. Given the range of potential pathologies, RIF pain creates diagnostic uncertainty and there is subsequent variation in investigation and management. Appendicitis is a diagnosis which must be considered in all patients with RIF pain; however, over a fifth of patients undergoing appendicectomy, in the UK, have been proven to have a histologically normal appendix (negative appendicectomy)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330700/relation-between-internalizing-behaviors-externalizing-behaviors-and-peer-victimization-among-children-with-and-without-adhd
#13
Nicholas D Fogleman, Kirsten D Leaberry, Paul J Rosen, Danielle M Walerius, Kelly E Slaughter
The current study explored the concurrent and longitudinal association between internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and peer victimization among children with and without ADHD. Eighty children (42 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) ages 8-12 participated in the present study conducted over a 6-month period. During the baseline session, parents completed a structured diagnostic interview and the Vanderbilt ADHD Parent Rating Scale to determine whether their child met criteria for ADHD, and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to assess their child's internalizing and externalizing behaviors; children completed the Perception of Peer Support Scale (PPSS) to assess experiences of peer victimization...
January 12, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330590/a-meta-analysis-of-pesticide-loss-in-runoff-under-conventional-tillage-and-no-till-management
#14
Daniel Elias, Lixin Wang, Pierre-Andre Jacinthe
Global agricultural intensification has led to increased pesticide use (37-fold from 1960 to 2005) and soil erosion (14% since 2000). Conservation tillage, including no-till (NT), has been proposed as an alternative to conventional plow till (PT) to mitigate soil erosion, but past studies have reported mixed results on the effect of conservation tillage on pesticide loss. To explore the underlying factors of these differences, a meta-analysis was conducted using published data on pesticide concentration and load in agricultural runoff from NT and PT fields...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329579/prevalence-and-incidence-of-major-depressive-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-residing-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#15
Jean Joel Bigna, Lewis N Um, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T Sibetcheu, Arnaud D Kazé, Jobert Richie Nansseu
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most frequent neuro-psychiatric diseases; it seems to be more prevalent in people living with HIV compared to the general population. However, summarized data in the African setting on the topic are scarce. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at assessing the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorders (MDD) in HIV-infected African populations residing in Africa. METHODS AND DESIGN: This review will include observational studies conducted among HIV-infected people residing in Africa, which have reported either the prevalence or incidence of MDD or enough data for its appraisal...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328347/as-tall-as-my-peers-similarity-in-body-height-between-migrants-and-hosts
#16
Barry Bogin, Michael Hermanussen, Christiane Scheffler
Background: We define migrants as people who move from their place of birth to a new place of residence. Migration usually is directed by "Push-Pull" factors, for example to escape from poor living conditions or to find more prosperous socio-economic conditions. Migrant children tend to assimilate quickly, and soon perceive themselves as peers within their new social networks. Differences exist between growth of first generation and second generation migrants. Methods: We review body heights and height distributions of historic and modern migrant populations to test two hypotheses: 1) that migrant and adopted children coming from lower social status localities to higher status localities adjust their height growth toward the mean of the dominant recipient social network, and 2) social dominant colonial and military migrants display growth that significantly surpasses the median height of both the conquered population and the population of origin...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326092/usage-of-an-exercise-app-in-the-care-for-people-with-osteoarthritis-user-driven-exploratory-study
#17
Dorthe Boe Danbjørg, Allan Villadsen, Ester Gill, Mette Juel Rothmann, Jane Clemensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise has proven to reduce pain and increase quality of life among people living with osteoarthritis (OA). However, one major challenge is adherence to exercise once supervision ends. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify mental and physical barriers and motivational and social aspects of training at home, and to test or further develop an exercise app. METHODS: The study was inspired from participatory design, engaging users in the research process...
January 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325578/effects-of-a-peer-led-walking-in-schools-intervention-the-wish-study-on-physical-activity-levels-of-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomised-pilot-study
#18
Angela Carlin, Marie H Murphy, Alan Nevill, Alison M Gallagher
BACKGROUND: School-based interventions may be effective at increasing levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescents; however, there is a paucity of evidence on whether walking can be successfully promoted to increase PA in this age group. This pilot study aimed to assess the effects of a 12-week school-based peer-led brisk walking programme on levels of school-time PA post intervention. METHODS: Female participants, aged 11-13 years, were recruited from six post-primary schools in Northern Ireland...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325401/performance-based-financing-to-strengthen-the-health-system-in-benin-challenging-the-mainstream-approach
#19
Elisabeth Paul, Mohamed Lamine Dramé, Jean-Pierre Kashala, Armand Ekambi Ndema, Marcel Kounnou, Julien Codjovi Aïssan, Karel Gyselinck
BACKGROUND: Performance-based financing (PBF) is often proposed as a way to improve health system performance. In Benin, PBF was launched in 2012 through a World Bank-supported project. The Belgian Development Agency (BTC) followed suit through a health system strengthening (HSS) project. This paper analyses and draws lessons from the experience of BTC-supported PBF alternative approach - especially with regards to institutional aspects, the role of demand-side actors, ownership, and cost-effectiveness - and explores the mechanisms at stake so as to better understand how the "PBF package" functions and produces effects...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325113/vitality-club-a-proof-of-principle-of-peer-coaching-for-daily-physical-activity-by-older-adults
#20
Paul L van de Vijver, Herman Wielens, Joris P J Slaets, David van Bodegom
Many age-related diseases can be prevented or delayed by daily physical activity. Unfortunately, many older adults do not perform physical activity at the recommended level. Professional interventions do not reach large numbers of older adults for a long period of time. We studied a peer-coach intervention, in which older adults coach each other, that increased daily physical activity of community dwelling older adults for over 6 years. We studied the format and effects of this peer coach intervention for possible future implementation elsewhere...
January 9, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
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