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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634153/beyond-basic-feedback-in-mobile-brief-interventions-designing-sms-message-content-for-delivery-to-young-adults-during-risky-drinking-events
#1
Cassandra J C Wright, Paul M Dietze, Megan S C Lim
BACKGROUND: Brief interventions can reduce alcohol consumption in young people through screening and delivery of personally relevant feedback. Recently, Web and mobile platforms have been harnessed to increase the reach of brief interventions. Existing literature on mobile-based alcohol brief interventions indicates mixed use of theory in developing interventions. There is no research available to guide the development of SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) interventions delivered during risky drinking events...
June 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#2
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631260/low-income-ethnically-diverse-children-s-engagement-as-a-predictor-of-school-readiness-above-preschool-classroom-quality
#3
Terri J Sabol, Natalie L Bohlmann, Jason T Downer
This study examined whether children's observed individual engagement with teachers, peers, and tasks related to their school readiness after controlling for observed preschool classroom quality and children's baseline skills. The sample included 211 predominately low-income, racially/ethnically diverse 4-year-old children in 49 preschool classrooms in one medium-sized U.S. city. Results indicated that children's positive engagement with (a) teachers related to improved literacy skills; (b) peers related to improved language and self-regulatory skills; and (c) tasks related to closer relationships with teachers...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630661/intrainsular-connectivity-and-somatosensory-responsiveness-in-young-children-with-asd
#4
Michelle D Failla, Brittany R Peters, Haleh Karbasforoushan, Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Kimberly B Schauder, Brynna H Heflin, Carissa J Cascio
BACKGROUND: The human somatosensory system comprises dissociable paths for discriminative and affective touch, reflected in separate peripheral afferent populations and distinct cortical targets. Differences in behavioral and neural responses to affective touch may have an important developmental role in early social experiences, which are relevant for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Using probabilistic tractography, we compared the structural integrity of white matter pathways for discriminative and affective touch in young children with ASD and their typically developing (TD) peers...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630084/maternal-lifestyle-and-nutritional-status-in-relation-to-pregnancy-and-infant-health-outcomes-in-western-china-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Li Tang, Xiong-Fei Pan, Andy H Lee, Colin W Binns, Chun-Xia Yang, Xin Sun
INTRODUCTION: Improving the health and nutrition of women and children is a priority for Western China, where the economy is less developed. Due to the dynamic nature of lifestyle, modern food habits and nutrition, there is a need to update our limited knowledge and understanding of maternal lifestyle and nutritional status and their impact on pregnancy and infant health outcomes. While breast milk is the preferred feeding option, infant formula use is widespread in China. It is thus necessary to examine the effects of formula consumption on growth and morbidity...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628068/exploring-nurse-faculty-incivility-and-resonant-leadership
#6
Katherine R Casale
AIM: The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to explore the relationship between the frequency of interfaculty incivility among nurses in academia and observed levels of resonant leadership of immediate supervisors. BACKGROUND: Despite mandates to address incivility in health care, nurse faculty report high levels of horizontal incivility among their peers. No known quantitative research has measured the relationship between nurse faculty-to-faculty incivility and resonant leadership traits of leaders...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627919/the-association-between-parent-reported-and-observed-parenting-a-multi-level-meta-analysis
#7
A M Hendriks, D Van der Giessen, G J J M Stams, G Overbeek
The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to investigate the strength of the association between parent-reported and observed parenting, and to investigate which specific characteristics of participants, questionnaires, or observational procedures moderate this association. A systematic search of relevant peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and December 2014 yielded 36 articles (N = 8,510) and 89 effect sizes. Results from a 3-level random-effects meta-analysis demonstrated a weak, yet significant, overall association of r = ...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626430/behavior-patterns-of-antisocial-teenagers-interacting-with-parents-and-peers-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Francisco J P Cabrera, Ana Del Refugio C Herrera, San J A Rubalcava, Kalina I M Martínez
Antisocial behavior may begin during childhood and if maintained during adolescence, is likely to continue and escalate during adulthood. During adolescence, in particular, it has been established that antisocial behavior may be reinforced and shaped by exchanges between the teenager and his parents and peers, although the molecular process of these relations is as yet unknown. This paper explores the patterns of social interaction established by adolescents with and without the risk of engaging in antisocial behavior in order to understand the exchanges of them with their most important social groups, during 2 years...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625430/sensorimotor-and-executive-function-slowing-in-anesthesiology-residents-after-overnight-shifts
#9
George W Williams, Bairavi Shankar, Eliana M Klier, Alice Z Chuang, Salma El Marjiya-Villarreal, Omonele O Nwokolo, Aanchal Sharma, Anne B Sereno
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Medical residents working overnight call shifts experience sleep deprivation and circadian clock disruption. This leads to deficits in sensorimotor function and increases in workplace accidents. Using quick tablet-based tasks, we investigate whether measureable executive function differences exist following a single overnight call versus routine shift, and whether factors like stress, rest and caffeine affect these measures. DESIGN: A prospective, observational, longitudinal, comparison study was conducted...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625113/men-with-a-terminal-illness-relax-their-criteria-for-facial-attractiveness
#10
Dariusz P Danel, Agnieszka E Siennicka, Pawel Fedurek, Tomasz Frackowiak, Piotr Sorokowski, Ewa A Jankowska, Boguslaw Pawlowski
According to the life history paradigm, in life-threatening conditions, sexual selection criteria are relaxed in order to increase the probability of a last resort reproduction, ultimately contributing to reproductive success. This should be reflected in loosened mating preferences - a process observed in nonhuman animals. Studies investigating this aspect in humans, however, are scarce. This study explored the aesthetic preferences towards facial and nonfacial stimuli in terminally ill patients with heart failure (HF) and their healthy, same-sex peers...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624757/implementation-of-a-disability-management-policy-in-a-large-healthcare-employer-a-quasi-experimental-mixed-methods-evaluation
#11
Cameron A Mustard, Kathryn Skivington, Morgan Lay, Marni Lifshen, Jacob Etches, Andrea Chambers
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the process and outcomes of the implementation of a strengthened disability management policy in a large Canadian healthcare employer. Key elements of the strengthened policy included an emphasis on early contact, the training of supervisors and the integration of union representatives in return-to-work (RTW) planning. DESIGN: The study applied mixed methods, combining a process evaluation within the employer and a quasi-experimental outcome evaluation between employers for a 3-year period prior to and following policy implementation in January 2012...
June 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623880/associations-between-anhedonia-and-marijuana-use-escalation-across-mid-adolescence
#12
Adam M Leventhal, Junhan Cho, Matthew D Stone, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Chih-Ping Chou, Steven Y Sussman, Nathaniel R Riggs, Jennifer B Unger, Janet Audrain-McGovern, David R Strong
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anhedonia-a transdiagnostic psychopathological trait indicative of inability to experience pleasure-could lead to and result from adolescent marijuana use, yet this notion has not been tested. This study aimed to estimate the association of: (1) anhedonia at age 14 with rate of change in marijuana use over an 18-month follow-up, and (2) marijuana use at age 14 with rate of change in anhedonia over follow-up. Secondary aims were to test whether gender, baseline marijuana use history, and peer marijuana use moderated these associations...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623624/effect-of-parenting-and-peer-stressors-on-cognitive-vulnerability-and-risk-for-depression-among-youth
#13
Caroline W Oppenheimer, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami Young
Parenting behaviors influence clinical depression among youth, but little is known about the developmental processes that may account for this association. This study investigated whether parenting is associated with the onset of clinical depression and depressive symptoms through negative cognitive style, particularly under conditions of high exposure to stressors, in a community sample of children and adolescents (N = 275; 59% girls). Observational methods were used to assess positive and negative parenting during a laboratory social-evaluative stressor task...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623186/assessment-of-active-video-gaming-using-adapted-controllers-by-individuals-with-physical-disabilities-a-protocol
#14
Laurie A Malone, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Justin McCroskey, Mohanraj Thirumalai
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are typically more sedentary and less fit compared to their peers without disabilities. Furthermore, engaging in physical activity can be extremely challenging due to physical impairments associated with disability and fewer opportunities to participate. One option for increasing physical activity is playing active video games (AVG), a category of video games that requires much more body movement for successful play than conventional push-button or joystick actions...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620982/novice-students-navigating-the-clinical-environment-in-an-early-medical-clerkship
#15
Jenny Barrett, Steve C Trumble, Geoff McColl
CONTEXT: The black box that is student learning in clinical environments is an ongoing research project. Our previous research showed that despite the time that students are given to learn with, about and from patients, some lack confidence for those encounters and see few patients. The study reported here investigated individual and environmental factors affecting medical students' self-directed learning time in hospital. METHODS: We studied second year students in the four-year postgraduate Melbourne Medical School programme as they undertook the first of their four 9-week hospital placements in medical wards...
June 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618109/vaccination-timeliness-in-preterm-infants-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Helen Sisson, Eric Gardiner, Roger Watson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To take a systematic approach to reviewing the scientific literature examining the timeliness of vaccination in preterm infants and to identify any factors associated with timeliness. BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are vulnerable to infection and guidance advocates they are vaccinated in accordance with their full term peers. Vaccination is well tolerated and protective immune responses are observed, yet some early enquiries suggest that preterm infants experience unwarranted delays...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618043/nurses-knowledge-on-diabetic-foot-ulcer-disease-and-their-attitudes-towards-patients-affected-a-cross-sectional-institution-based-study
#17
Sriyani A Kumarasinghe, Priyadarshika Hettiarachchi, Sudharshani Wasalathanthri
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess nurses' knowledge on diabetic ulcer disease and their attitudes towards patients suffering from it and to identify factors which influence them. BACKGROUND: Diabetic wound care is an evolving specialty with the rising prevalence of diabetes foot complications. As nurses play a key role in wound care, their knowledge and attitudes are important in providing optimum care to patients. DESIGN: Descriptive cross sectional survey design...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617444/heme-oxygenase-1-derived-carbon-monoxide-suppresses-a%C3%AE-1-42-toxicity-in-astrocytes
#18
Nishani T Hettiarachchi, John P Boyle, Mark L Dallas, Moza M Al-Owais, Jason L Scragg, Chris Peers
Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is extensively studied, and the involvement of astrocytes and other cell types in this process has been described. However, the responses of astrocytes themselves to amyloid β peptides ((Aβ; the widely accepted major toxic factor in AD) is less well understood. Here, we show that Aβ(1-42) is toxic to primary cultures of astrocytes. Toxicity does not involve disruption of astrocyte Ca(2+) homeostasis, but instead occurs via formation of the toxic reactive species, peroxynitrite...
June 15, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617010/value-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-a-behavioral-health-medicaid-managed-care-system
#19
Shari L Hutchison, Kim L MacDonald-Wilson, Irina Karpov, Amanda M Maise, Deborah Wasilchak, James M Schuster
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to describe individuals receiving psychiatric rehabilitation (PR) service and investigate program outcomes and factors associated with progress in a multisite, descriptive evaluation across Pennsylvania. METHOD: Through an outcomes-monitoring process integrated into routine service delivery, survey responses from 408 individuals participating in PR were summarized. Linear mixed models were used to examine change over time in self-reported progress ratings in rehabilitation domains and factors associated with progress...
June 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616494/community-based-surveillance-of-zoonotic-parasites-in-a-one-health-world-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
J M Schurer, E Mosites, C Li, S Meschke, P Rabinowitz
The One Health (OH) concept provides an integrated framework for observing and improving health issues involving human, animal, and environmental factors, and has been applied in particular to zoonotic disease problems. We conducted a systematic review of English and Chinese language peer-reviewed and grey literature databases to identify zoonotic endoparasite research utilizing an OH approach in community-based settings. Our review identified 32 articles where specimens collected simultaneously from all three OH domains (people, animals, and the environment) were assessed for endoparasite infection or exposure...
December 2016: One Health
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