keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peer observation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544149/what-s-in-a-name-the-incorrect-use-of-case-series-as-a-study-design-label-in-studies-involving-dogs-and-cats
#1
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, J N Cullen, K M Makielski, A Jones-Bitton
BACKGROUND: Study design labels are used to identify relevant literature to address specific clinical and research questions and to aid in evaluating the evidentiary value of research. Evidence from the human healthcare literature indicates that the label "case series" may be used inconsistently and inappropriately. OBJECTIVE: Our primary objective was to determine the proportion of studies in the canine and feline veterinary literature labeled as case series that actually corresponded to descriptive cohort studies, population-based cohort studies, or other study designs...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542409/voting-contagion-modeling-and-analysis-of-a-century-of-u-s-presidential-elections
#2
Dan Braha, Marcus A M de Aguiar
Social influence plays an important role in human behavior and decisions. Sources of influence can be divided as external, which are independent of social context, or as originating from peers, such as family and friends. An important question is how to disentangle the social contagion by peers from external influences. While a variety of experimental and observational studies provided insight into this problem, identifying the extent of contagion based on large-scale observational data with an unknown network structure remains largely unexplored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542347/effectiveness-of-pneumococcal-vaccines-in-preventing-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies
#3
Myint Tin Tin Htar, Anke L Stuurman, Germano Ferreira, Cristiano Alicino, Kaatje Bollaerts, Chiara Paganino, Ralf René Reinert, Heinz-Josef Schmitt, Cecilia Trucchi, Thomas Vestraeten, Filippo Ansaldi
INTRODUCTION: S. pneumoniae can cause a wide spectrum of diseases, including invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumonia. Two types of pneumococcal vaccines are indicated for use in adults: 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines (PPV23) and a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature assessing pneumococcal vaccine effectiveness (VE) against community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults among the general population, the immunocompromised and subjects with underlying risk factors in real-world settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537093/facilitating-resident-community-in-nursing-homes-a-slippery-slope-an-analysis-on-collectivistic-and-individualistic-approaches
#4
Gudmund Ågotnes, Christine Øye
Residents in nursing homes are old and frail and are dependent on constant care, medical, or otherwise, by trained professionals. But they are also social beings, secluded in an institutional setting which is both total and foreign. In this setting, most of the residents most of the time must relate to other residents: other residents are the nursing home residents' peers, companions, and perhaps even significant others. In this article, we will discuss how resident communities in nursing homes are influenced by the approaches of nursing home staff...
May 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536531/caffeine-and-bicarbonate-for-speed-a-meta-analysis-of-legal-supplements-potential-for-improving-intense-endurance-exercise-performance
#5
REVIEW
Peter M Christensen, Yusuke Shirai, Christian Ritz, Nikolai B Nordsborg
A 1% change in average speed is enough to affect medal rankings in intense Olympic endurance events lasting ~45 s to 8 min which for example includes 100 m swimming and 400 m running (~1 min), 1,500 m running and 4000 m track cycling (~4 min) and 2,000 m rowing (~6-8 min). To maximize the likelihood of winning, athletes utilizes legal supplements with or without scientifically documented beneficial effects on performance. Therefore, a continued systematic evidence based evaluation of the possible ergogenic effects is of high importance...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530039/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-of-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-challenges-youth-friendly-models-and-outcomes
#6
Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Chloé Gautier-Lafaye, Chloe A Teasdale, Lorna Renner, Marcel Yotebieng, Sophie Desmonde, Samuel Ayaya, Mary-Ann Davies, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: The number of adolescents with perinatally or behaviourally acquired HIV is increasing in low-income countries, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence and incidence are the highest. As they survive into adulthood in the era of antiretroviral therapy, there is a pressing need to transfer them from paediatric to adult care, known as the transition of care. We conducted a narrative review of recent evidence on their transition outcomes in Africa, highlighting the specific needs and challenges in these populations and settings, and the different models of care for transition...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#7
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521385/-ziziphus-oxyphylla-ethnobotanical-ethnopharmacological-and-phytochemical-review
#8
REVIEW
Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ziziphus oxyphylla (ZO) is distributed mainly in tropic and warm temperate regions in the world. Pakistan owns six (06) indigenous species of genus Ziziphus out of which ZO is widely used for traditional treatment of different ailments such as diabetes, jaundice and liver diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present review aims to provide in-depth and comprehensive literature overview, regarding botanical, chemical and biological characteristics of the plant alongwith phytochemical isolation and mechanistic studies to support its folklore and traditional uses...
May 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521380/-clinical-practical-examination-in-orthopaedic-teaching-who-is-the-ideal-examiner
#9
Peter Melcher, Andreas Roth, Mohamed Ghanem, Daisy Rotzoll
Background Medical curricula require an increasing amount of integrated clinical practical skills education. German medical faculties are increasingly implementing the OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) to test students' practical as well as communication skills. Teaching and assessment tools for practical skills include simulators and simulated patient scenarios, where peer-assisted teaching (PAT) is applied. Trained student tutors support this process. This study examines for the first time the use of PAT student tutors as examiners in an orthopaedic OSCE unit and the existence of possible differences in rating between faculty and PAT student tutors...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520768/mobile-phone-reminders-and-peer-counseling-improve-adherence-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-on-art-in-malaysia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Lekhraj Rampal, Faisal Ibrahim, Anuradha P Radhakrishnan, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Norlijah Othman
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment remains the cornerstone of long term viral suppression and successful treatment outcomes among patients receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE(S): Evaluate the effectiveness of mobile phone reminders and peer counseling in improving adherence and treatment outcomes among HIV positive patients on ART in Malaysia. METHODS: A single-blind, parallel group RCT conducted in Hospital Sungai Buloh, Malaysia in which 242 adult Malaysian patients were randomized to intervention or control groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515197/models-for-estimating-and-projecting-global-regional-and-national-prevalence-and-disease-burden-of-asthma-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#11
Mohammad Romel Bhuia, Bright I Nwaru, Christopher J Weir, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Models that have so far been used to estimate and project the prevalence and disease burden of asthma are in most cases inadequately described and irreproducible. We aim systematically to describe and critique the existing models in relation to their strengths, limitations and reproducibility, and to determine the appropriate models for estimating and projecting the prevalence and disease burden of asthma. METHODS: We will search the following electronic databases to identify relevant literature published from 1980 to 2017: Medline, Embase, WHO Library and Information Services and Web of Science Core Collection...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515192/study-protocol-for-a-transversal-study-to-develop-a-screening-model-for-excessive-gambling-behaviours-on-a-representative-sample-of-users-of-french-authorised-gambling-websites
#12
Bastien Perrot, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Jean-Michel Costes, Julie Caillon, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Gaëlle Challet-Bouju
INTRODUCTION: Since the legalisation of online gambling in France in 2010, gambling operators must implement responsible gambling measures to prevent excessive gambling practices. However, actually there is no screening procedure for identifying problematic gamblers. Although several studies have already been performed using several data sets from online gambling operators, the authors deplored several methodological and clinical limits that prevent scientifically validating the existence of problematic gambling behaviour...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513902/prospective-analysis-of-radiation-oncology-image-and-plan-driven-peer-review-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
Sakellarios Zairis, Danielle N Margalit, Trevor J Royce, William D Powlis, Roy B Tishler, Jonathan D Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: Departmental "chart rounds" is an established form of review in radiation oncology, however, evidence is lacking that identifies links between features of a more subspecialized disease site-specific review and the likelihood and characteristics of recommendations made. We prospectively analyzed our head and neck group's review process to identify associations that could guide future practice. METHODS: Our group reviewed proposed management and treatment volumes for radiation simulated patients on a weekly basis, and we collected data encompassing recommendations made by individuals or group consensus...
May 17, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513429/five-year-publication-rate-of-podium-presentations-at-sicot-annual-conference-an-observational-study-and-new-objective-proposal-of-conference-power
#14
Khalid Al-Hourani, Rami Al-Aref, Robert Ley-Greaves, Fatima Ballout, Addisu Mesfin
INTRODUCTION: The SICOT Conference Committee continually tries to improve the quality of presentations at their annual international meetings. However to the author's best knowledge, no previous study has been undertaken to determine abstract quality. This study aimed to determine the five-year publication rate of presentations made at the 2009 SICOT Annual International Conference (AIC), recognise predictors of full-text publication, identify inconsistencies between presentations and publications, and determine presentation-publication delay...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511702/what-is-the-evidence-for-the-management-of-patients-along-the-pathway-from-the-emergency-department-to-acute-admission-to-reduce-unplanned-attendance-and-admission-an-evidence-synthesis
#15
Sarah H Credé, Colin O'Keeffe, Suzanne Mason, Anthea Sutton, Emma Howe, Susan J Croft, Mike Whiteside
BACKGROUND: Globally, the rate of emergency hospital admissions is increasing. However, little evidence exists to inform the development of interventions to reduce unplanned Emergency Department (ED) attendances and hospital admissions. The objective of this evidence synthesis was to review the evidence for interventions, conducted during the patient's journey through the ED or acute care setting, to manage people with an exacerbation of a medical condition to reduce unplanned emergency hospital attendance and admissions...
May 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511451/attitudes-of-mashhad-public-hospital-s-nurses-and-midwives-toward-the-causes-and-rates-of-medical-errors-reporting
#16
Sedigheh Sedigh Mobarakabadi, Hosein Ebrahimipour, Ali Vafaie Najar, Roksana Janghorban, Fatemeh Azarkish
INTRODUCTION: Patient's safety is one of the main objective in healthcare services; however medical errors are a prevalent potential occurrence for the patients in treatment systems. Medical errors lead to an increase in mortality rate of the patients and challenges such as prolonging of the inpatient period in the hospitals and increased cost. Controlling the medical errors is very important, because these errors besides being costly, threaten the patient's safety. AIM: To evaluate the attitudes of nurses and midwives toward the causes and rates of medical errors reporting...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504322/racial-differences-in-the-pain-management-of-children-recovering-from-anesthesia
#17
Olubukola O Nafiu, Wilson T Chimbira, Margaret Stewart, Kathleen Gibbons, L Kareen Porter, Paul I Reynolds
BACKGROUND: When pain management has been studied in settings such as pediatric emergency departments, racial disparities have been clearly identified. To our knowledge, this has not been studied in the pediatric perioperative setting. We sought to determine whether there are differences based on race in the administration of analgesia to children suffering from pain in the postanesthesia care unit. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational, study of 771 children aged 4-17 years who underwent elective outpatient surgery...
May 15, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502977/the-evolutionary-significance-of-polyploidy
#18
REVIEW
Yves Van de Peer, Eshchar Mizrachi, Kathleen Marchal
Polyploidy, or the duplication of entire genomes, has been observed in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, and in somatic and germ cells. The consequences of polyploidization are complex and variable, and they differ greatly between systems (clonal or non-clonal) and species, but the process has often been considered to be an evolutionary 'dead end'. Here, we review the accumulating evidence that correlates polyploidization with environmental change or stress, and that has led to an increased recognition of its short-term adaptive potential...
May 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502271/quality-of-sample-size-estimation-in-trials-of-medical-devices-high-risk-devices-for-neurological-conditions-as-example
#19
Britta Olberg, Matthias Perleth, Katja Felgentraeger, Sandra Schulz, Reinhard Busse
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of reporting sample size calculation and underlying design assumptions in pivotal trials of high-risk medical devices (MDs) for neurological conditions. METHODS: Systematic review of research protocols for publicly registered randomized controlled trials (RCTs). In the absence of a published protocol, principal investigators were contacted for additional data. To be included, trials had to investigate a high-risk MD, registered between 2005 and 2015, with indications stroke, headache disorders, and epilepsy as case samples within central nervous system diseases...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501322/extra-costs-of-living-with-a-disability-a-systematized-review-and-agenda-for-research
#20
REVIEW
Sophie Mitra, Michael Palmer, Hoolda Kim, Daniel Mont, Nora Groce
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing interest in disability and poverty on the international research and policy stages. Poverty assessments for persons with disabilities may be affected by the experience of extra costs associated with a disability. OBJECTIVE: This article provides a systematized review of the global literature on the direct costs associated with living with a disability at the individual or household level. METHODS: We searched three databases for peer-reviewed journal articles that estimated extra costs associated with disability: Econlit, SocIndex and PubMed...
April 24, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
keyword
keyword
12418
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"