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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#1
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341816/red-cell-indexes-made-easy-using-an-interactive-animation-do-students-and-their-scores-concur
#2
Upasana Kachroo, Elizabeth Vinod, Sivakumar Balasubramanian, Jesi W, Neetu Prince
A good understanding of red cell indexes can aid medical students in a considerable manner, serving as a basis to unravel both concepts in red cell physiology and abnormalities associated with the same. In this study, we tried to assess whether an interactive animation was helpful in improving student comprehension and understanding of red cell indexes compared with conventional classroom teaching. Eighty-eight first-year MBBS students participated, of which 44 were assigned to group A and 44 were assigned to group B after randomization...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341815/development-and-validation-of-simulated-virtual-patients-to-impart-early-clinical-exposure-in-endocrine-physiology
#3
Akriti Gupta, Satendra Singh, Farah Khaliq, Upreet Dhaliwal, S V Madhu
In the country presently, preclinical medical students are not routinely exposed to real patients. Thus, when they start clinical postings, they are found to have poor clinical reasoning skills. Simulated virtual patients (SVPs) can improve clinical skills without endangering real patients. This pilot study describes the development of two SVPs in endocrine physiology and their validation in terms of acquisition of clinical knowledge and student engagement. Two SVPs, Nandini Sharma (unintentional weight gain) and Sunil Yadav (polyuria), were created and published on the i-Human Patients platform through an iterative, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary collaborative process using the conceptual framework of Kim et al...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341444/teaching-clinical-leadership-to-medical-students
#4
Aileen O'Brien, Lucinda Etheridge, Judith Ibison, Anne-Marie Reid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339939/library-instruction-in-medical-education-a-survey-of-current-practices-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#5
Amanda M Nevius, A'Llyn Ettien, Alissa P Link, Laura Y Sobel
Objective: The most recent survey on instruction practices in libraries affiliated with accredited medical institutions in the United States was conducted in 1996. The present study sought to update these data, while expanding to include Canadian libraries. Additional analysis was undertaken to test for statistically significant differences between library instruction in the United States and Canada and between libraries affiliated with highly ranked and unranked institutions. Methods: A twenty-eight-question survey was distributed to libraries affiliated with accredited US and Canadian medical schools to assess what and how often librarians teach, as well as how librarians are involved in the curriculum committee and if they are satisfied with their contact with students and faculty...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339933/roles-for-librarians-in-systematic-reviews-a-scoping-review
#6
Angela J Spencer, Jonathan D Eldredge
Objective: What roles do librarians and information professionals play in conducting systematic reviews? Librarians are increasingly called upon to be involved in systematic reviews, but no study has considered all the roles librarians can perform. This inventory of existing and emerging roles aids in defining librarians' systematic reviews services. Methods: For this scoping review, the authors conducted controlled vocabulary and text-word searches in the PubMed; Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts; and CINAHL databases...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339839/trends-in-trauma-related-mortality-among-adolescents-a-6-year-snapshot-from-a-teaching-hospital-s-post-mortem-data
#7
Sachil Kumar, Anoop K Verma
Introduction: The aim is to explore the trends in trauma mortality in children aged 0-18 years can help to co-ordinate resources toward research and programs to reduce the burden. Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out on adolescents ≤18 years of age autopsied according to the attorney request at Forensic Medicine & Toxicology department of King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India in the period from January 1st, 2009 to December 31st, 2014...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337835/promethazine-and-oral-midazolam-preanesthetic-children-medication
#8
Sedigheh Nadri, Hormoz Mahmoudvand, Nadereh Taee, Khatereh Anbari, Siavash Beiranvand
AIMS: Several kinds of drugs have been investigated in preschool children as a preanesthetic sedation after various routes of administration for surgeries. This study aims to compare the efficacy of promethazine and oral midazolam for premedication in children aged 3 to 9 years who were scheduled for surgeries. METHODS: This is a double-blind randomized controlled study conducted on 93 patients between the age of 3 and 9 years at Loresten University of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital, Khoramabad, Iran...
January 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336341/-academic-opportunities-for-urology-residents-in-spain
#9
Maria J Ribal, Mireia Musquera
The development of an academic career gives a new dimension to the chosen specialty. It consists in combining clinical activity with teaching and research activity. In the area of surgical specialties there is currently a lack of academic positions which is necessary to overcome to maintain the quality standards. Residency and the immediate posterior period it is a good time to star our academic career. This side of our specialty demands an additional effort, great motivation, clear and determined objectives and especially dedication...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334939/choosing-a-career-in-oncology-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#10
J C Faivre, J E Bibault, A Bellesoeur, J Salleron, M Wack, J Biau, M Cervellera, G Janoray, T Leroy, N Lescut, V Martin, S Molina, B Pichon, C Teyssier, S Thureau, J J Mazeron, H Roché, S Culine
BACKGROUND: Little information is currently available concerning young medical students desire to pursue a career in oncology, or their career expectations. METHODS: This project is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was distributed to all young oncologists studying in France between the 2nd of October 2013 and the 23rd of February 2014. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 75.6%. A total of 505 young oncologists completed the questionnaire...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334864/pain-assessment-documentation-after-opioid-administration-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#11
Megan E Phillips, Rod A Gilmore, Melody C Sheffield, Stephanie V Phan
PURPOSE: To compare pain assessment documentation postopioid administration in hospitalized patients before and after implementing nurse education. METHODS: Patients 18 years and older were randomly selected for inclusion if they received 1 opioid dose while admitted to the hospital. Through retrospective chart review, opioid data, including date and time, were collected for each opioid administered. Pain score data, including time and date of documentation, were recorded for analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334480/strategies-for-enhancing-medical-student-resilience-student-and-faculty-member-perspectives
#12
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334305/twelve-tips-for-teaching-a-comprehensive-disease-focused-course-with-a-global-perspective-a-sickle-cell-disease-example
#13
Dominique Bulgin, Paula Tanabe, Monika Asnani, Charmaine D M Royal
A disease-focused course entitled "Understanding Sickle Cell Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach" addressed the complex nature of SCD using patient-centered, global and interdisciplinary approaches. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a rare inherited blood disorder that requires multidisciplinary care. Worldwide 20-25 million individuals have SCD, which is associated with a shortened lifespan due to many medical complications and social and behavioral health challenges. Health care professionals often have limited knowledge of SCD as they typically learn about it within the context of their own disciplines...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333893/syringe-administration-of-epinephrine-by-emergency-medical-technicians-for-anaphylaxis
#14
Andrew J Latimer, Sofia Husain, Jonathan Nolan, Vinod Doreswamy, Thomas D Rea, Michael R Sayre, Mickey S Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the costs of epinephrine autoinjectors (EAIs) in the United States have risen substantially. King County Emergency Medical Services implemented the "Check and Inject" program to replace EAIs by teaching emergency medical technicians (EMTs) to manually aspirate epinephrine from a single-use 1 mg/mL epinephrine vial using a needle and syringe followed by prehospital intramuscular administration of the correct adult or pediatric dose of epinephrine for anaphylaxis or serious allergic reaction...
January 15, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333620/in-center-hemodialysis-education-challenges-and-innovations-in-training-of-fellows-in-nephrology
#15
Louise M Moist, Robert M Lindsay
The in-center dialysis unit and practice of dialysis, in the current multi-team approach, requires knowledge and skills in all the domains including medical expert, communicator, collaborator, scholar, health advocate, and leader. We are tasked as a community, to embrace and incentivize new innovations and technology to address these needs for our post graduate trainees. These innovations must address the basic principles of dialysis, quality improvement, technical and procedural skills as well as leadership and administration skills...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333590/advantages-and-disadvantages-in-image-processing-with-free-software-in-radiology
#16
Katrin Muradas Mujika, Juan Antonio Juanes Méndez, Andrés Framiñan de Miguel
Currently, there are sophisticated applications that make it possible to visualize medical images and even to manipulate them. These software applications are of great interest, both from a teaching and a radiological perspective. In addition, some of these applications are known as Free Open Source Software because they are free and the source code is freely available, and therefore it can be easily obtained even on personal computers. Two examples of free open source software are Osirix Lite® and 3D Slicer®...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331971/a-study-protocol-for-a-non-randomised-comparison-trial-evaluating-the-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-cognitive-behavioural-programme-with-integrated-coaching-for-anxious-adults-in-primary-care
#17
Eva Szigethy, Francis Solano, Meredith Wallace, Dina L Perry, Lauren Morrell, Kathryn Scott, Megan Jones Bell, Megan Oser
INTRODUCTION: Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and subclinical GAD are highly prevalent in primary care. Unmanaged anxiety worsens quality of life in patients seen in primary care practices and leads to increased medical utilisation and costs. Programmes that teach patients cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques have been shown to improve anxiety and to prevent the evolution of anxiety symptoms to disorders, but access and engagement have hampered integration of CBT into medical settings...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331902/the-use-of-interprofessional-learning-and-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-to-address-interprofessional-communication-and-collaboration-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Benedikte M Granheim, Julie M Shaw, Martha Mansah
OBJECTIVE: To identify how simulation and interprofessional learning are used together in undergraduate nursing programs and undertaken in schools of nursing to address interprofessional communication and collaboration. DESIGN: An integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, PsycInfo and Science Direct were searched to identify articles from 2006 to 2016 that reported on the use of IPL and simulation together in undergraduate nursing education...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331005/pregnant-lady-with-undiagnosed-hodgkin-s-disease-presenting-as-secondary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#19
Taif Khattak, Syed Hashim Ali Shah, Waqas Khan, Syed Shahmeer Raza, Uzair Ahmad, Farhan Ullah
Hodgkin's lymphoma. A 25 years old lady, 34 weeks primigravida was referred from the Emergency Department to the Medical Unit Khyber Teaching Hospital-MTI, Peshawar with four weeks of fever, progressive jaundice, pruritus, night sweats and weight loss. LFTs showed cholestatic picture, ERCP showed scanty intrahepatic giving beading and autumn tree appearance typical of sclerosing cholangitis. CBD was normal. Doppler U/S of hepatic and portal vein reported normal. She was started on steroids, ursodeoxycholic acid and antibiotics 3rd generation cephalosporins to which she did not respond well...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#20
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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