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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053530/innovative-teaching-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-through-mastery-modeling
#1
Kathleen A Gordon, Kelly E Carmany, Janet R Baker, Laura M Goliat
Mastery modeling was implemented to support the transfer of classroom diabetes content to the clinical area. Interactive teaching methodologies that exemplified mastery modeling included scripted classroom video and vignettes, simulation-based learning experiences, and a worksheet relating to diabetes-specific groups to use in the clinical setting. When mastery modeling teaching methodologies were implemented, transfer of knowledge through clinical reasoning was noted at a higher level for the diabetes-specific groups over the standard groups...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053529/use-of-service-learning-to-teach-health-literacy-with-online-graduate-nursing-students
#2
Tracy P George, Claire DeCristofaro
To meet Healthy People 2020 goals, health literacy must be included in health care program curricula. In a fully online graduate nursing course, an innovative service-learning activity asked students to collaborate in the creation of low-literacy patient education pamphlets for practice partners at a community rehabilitation facility. Involvement with community stakeholders such as support groups and interprofessional team members enhanced interdisciplinary educational outcomes. Through this innovative project-based activity, students were able to meet the clinical education and decision support needs of rehabilitation patients while translating academic coursework to support actual community needs...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053390/exploring-the-teaching-and-learning-of-clinical-reasoning-risks-and-benefits-of-cervical-spine-manipulation
#3
Katie Yamamoto, Luca Condotta, Chloe Haldane, Sahar Jaffrani, Victoria Johnstone, Patrick Jachyra, Barbara E Gibson, Euson Yeung
The aim of this study was to examine how risks and benefits of cervical spine manipulation (CSM) were framed and discussed in the context of mentorship and their impact on the perception of safe practice of CSM in clinical physiotherapy settings. A multi-method qualitative approach was employed, including a document analysis of established educational guidelines, observations of mentoring sessions, and individual face-to-face interviews with five mentees in the process of learning CSM, and four mentors with Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) certification...
October 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052274/health-education-and-competency-scale-development-and-testing
#4
Huei-Lih Hwang, Mei-Ling Kuo, Chin-Tang Tu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool for measuring competency in conducting health education and to evaluate its psychometric properties in a population of entry-level nurses. BACKGROUND: Until now, no generic instrument has been developed specifically for measuring competency in health education, which is an essential competency for nurses. Existing scales are either insufficient for psychometric evaluation or are designed specifically for senior nurses. To evaluate curricula and courses designed for entry-level nurses, educators require an instrument for measuring improvement in core competency from baseline to determine whether the minimum level of ability has been achieved...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052050/inter-rater-reliability-of-the-dysphagia-outcome-and-severity-scale-doss-effects-of-clinical-experience-audio-recording-and-training
#5
Angeliki Zarkada, Julie Regan
The Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Scale (DOSS) is widely used to measure dysphagia severity based on videofluoroscopy (VFSS). This study investigated inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the DOSS. It also determined the effect of clinical experience, VFSS audio-recording and training on DOSS IRR. A quantitative prospective research design was used. Seventeen speech and language pathologists (SLPs) were recruited from an acute teaching hospital, Dublin (> 3 years' VFSS experience, n = 10) and from a postgraduate dysphagia programme in a university setting (< 3 years' VFSS experience; n = 7)...
October 19, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051741/prediction-of-quality-of-life-in-asian-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#6
Carol C Choo, Peter K H Chew, Cyrus S Ho, Roger C Ho
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift in mental health services from an emphasis on treatment focused on reducing symptoms to a more holistic approach involving quality of life (QOL) and overall well-being. Many psychosocial variables are associated with QOL but a parsimonious framework is needed to deepen our understanding about the contribution of psychosocial factors in influencing the QOL of Asian patients with schizophrenia in Singapore. The study aimed to address the current gap in literature by analysis of QOL using available predictors in Asian patients with schizophrenia in Singapore...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051721/a-comparison-of-medical-education-in-germany-and-the-united-states-from-applying-to-medical-school-to-the-beginnings-of-residency
#7
REVIEW
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jonas G Noé, Bernd Gansbacher
Both Germany and the United States of America have a long tradition of science and medical excellence reaching back as far as the nineteenth century. The same tribute must be paid to the medical educational system in both countries. Despite significant initial similarities and cross-inspiration, the paths from enrolling in a medical university to graduating as a medical doctor in Germany and the US seem to have become much different. To fill a void in literature, the authors' objective therefore is to delineate both structures of medical education in an up-to-date review and examine their current differences and similarities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051123/knowledge-behavior-and-attitudes-of-dental-practitioners-towards-photodynamic-therapy-use-in-dental-practice
#8
Fahim Vohra, Ishfaq A Bukhari, Saeed A Sheikh, Refal Albaijan, Abdul Hakeem Qureshi, Zaeem Arif, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess knowledge, behavior and attitudes of dental practitioners (DPs) towards photodynamic therapy (PDT) in dental clinical practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed and a 13-item survey questionnaire was given to DPs practicing in 13 different teaching hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. Questions were aimed at exploring the knowledge of DPs regarding PDT and their attitude towards PDT and perceptions that may influence clinical practices...
October 16, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050661/the-olin-eilobi-breathing-techniques-description-and-initial-case-series-of-novel-respiratory-retraining-strategies-for-athletes-with-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction
#9
Kristina L Johnston, Hannah Bradford, Heather Hodges, Camille M Moore, Emily Nauman, J Tod Olin
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO), the condition previously known as paradoxical vocal fold motion and vocal cord dysfunction, is characterized by inappropriate glottic or supraglottic obstruction during high-intensity exercise, causing exertional dyspnea, frequently with stridor. EILO is definitively diagnosed through upper-airway visualization during a characteristic episode. Although respiratory retraining is a primary therapy for EILO, many patients report symptom persistence despite adequate performance of traditional techniques...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049213/clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-risk-factors-of-healthcare-associated-pneumonia-in-a-korean-tertiary-teaching-hospital
#10
June H Ahn, Kwan H Lee, Jin H Chung, Kyeong-Cheol Shin, Choong K Lee, Hyun Jung Kim, Eun Young Choi
The 2016 American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America (ATS/IDSA) guidelines removed the concept of healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). We examined whether the 2016 ATS/IDSA guidelines are applicable in Korea.We conducted a retrospective, observational study of pneumonia patients who were hospitalized at a tertiary teaching hospital from March 2012 to February 2014. Identified pathogens that were not susceptible to β-lactams, macrolides, and fluoroquinolones were defined as community-acquired pneumonia drug-resistant pathogens (CAP-DRPs)...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047323/cooking-classes-a-diabetes-self-management-support-intervention-enhancing-clinical-values
#11
Cally Byrne, Neal Kurmas, Christopher J Burant, Anne Utech, Alison Steiber, Mary Julius
Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Healthy Teaching Kitchen (HTK) attendance among veterans who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and clinical outcomes as measured by A1C and blood pressure. Methods This retrospective chart review collected data from veterans with T2DM who participated in the Diabetes Self-Management Support (DSMS) HTK program at the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center (LSCVAMC) between February 2013 and May 2016. Data collected included demographic information, frequency of DSMS HTK attendance, 3 A1C values, and 3 blood pressure values...
October 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045990/electronic-health-record-impacts-on-family-medicine-teachers-survey-of-third-year-medical-student-clerkship-preceptors-at-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Elizabeth Curry, Tamara K Oser, Sean M Oser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Electronic Health Record (EHR) use in clinical practice has accelerated in recent years. While several aspects of EHR use have been extensively studied, there is little data on EHR impacts on medical student educators, especially those involved in outpatient family medicine. This study evaluated perceived impacts of EHR use on clinician teachers of outpatient family medicine. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods survey of clinicians who teach third-year medical students during the required family and community medicine outpatient clerkship at a Mid-Atlantic medical school...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043925/filipino-therapists-experiences-and-attitudes-of-interprofessional-education-and-collaboration-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Michael Palapal Sy
For the past more than 50 years, the World Health Organisation has acknowledged through empirical findings that health workers that learn together work together effectively to provide the best care for their patients. This study aimed to: (1) describe the perceived extent of interprofessional education (IPE) experience among Filipino occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs), and speech-language-pathologists (SLPs); (2) identify their attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC); and (3) compare their attitudes towards IPC according to: prior IPE experience, classification of IPE experience, profession, years of practice, and practice setting...
November 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043095/applied-anatomy-today-s-requirement-for-clinical-medicine-courses
#14
Ahmad Farrokhi, Masoume Soleymaninejad, Mehrdad Ghorbanlou, Ramazan Fallah, Reza Nejatbakhsh
Anatomy as an indispensable part of the medical curricula, offering impeccable knowledge, prepares the students to enter the practical atmosphere. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical application of anatomy courses of the medical students in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 with census sampling on all clinical students (trainees and interns). To collect feedback from students, the questionnaire designed by researchers was used. The Likert rating scale of very high, high, medium, low, and very low was considered and scores of 5 (very high) to 1 (very low) were applied...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#15
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042844/designing-a-care-pathway-model-a-case-study-of-the-outpatient-total-hip-arthroplasty-care-pathway
#16
Robin I Oosterholt, Lianne Wl Simonse, Stella U Boess, Stephan Bw Vehmeijer
INTRODUCTION: Although the clinical attributes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) care pathways have been thoroughly researched, a detailed understanding of the equally important organisational attributes is still lacking. The aim of this article is to contribute with a model of the outpatient THA care pathway that depicts how the care team should be organised to enable patient discharge on the day of surgery. THEORY: The outpatient THA care pathway enables patients to be discharged on the day of surgery, shortening the length of stay and intensifying the provision and organisation of care...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042826/clinical-reasoning-and-knowledge-management-in-final-year-medical-students-the-role-of-student-led-grand-rounds
#17
David Arumaisingam Kandiah
OBJECTIVES: The development of clinical reasoning and decision-making skills is often limited in medical school curricula. In reality, medical graduates acquire these skills during their first few years of residency. For many, this can be stressful as they may be working under limited supervision as a part of their rotations. METHODS: Student-led Grand Rounds was developed to transfer both explicit and tacit knowledge to final year medical students. This pilot project was to apply the principles of knowledge management to allow students to be exposed to the reasoning and decision making of common clinical presentations...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042462/infrequent-provision-of-palliative-care-to-patients-with-dialysis-requiring-aki
#18
Kelly Chong, Samuel A Silver, Jin Long, Yuanchao Zheng, V Shane Pankratz, Mark L Unruh, Glenn M Chertow
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of palliative care in AKI is not well described. We sought to better understand palliative care practice patterns for hospitalized patients with AKI requiring dialysis in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Using the 2012 National Inpatient Sample, we identified patients with AKI and palliative care encounters using validated International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042260/pldt-planarian-light-dark-test-an-invertebrate-assay-to-quantify-defensive-responding-and-study-anxiety-like-effects
#19
Ashenafi Mebratu Zewde, Frances Yu, Sunil Nayak, Christopher Tallarida, Allen B Reitz, Lynn G Kirby, Scott M Rawls
BACKGROUND: Planarians, like rodents, instinctively spend more time in dark versus light environments when given a choice. This behavioral phenomenon is called negative phototaxis, which may reflect defensive responding related to an anxiety-like phenotype. NEW METHOD: We propose a planarian light/dark test, designated PLDT, to predict anxiogenic- or anxiolytic-like effects. Experimentally, we placed a planarian at the midline of a Petri dish, containing test compound or water, that was split evenly into light and dark compartments and determined time spent in the light over 10min...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040235/acetabular-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-comparison-of-isolated-acetabular-fractures-and-acetabular-fractures-associated-with-pelvic-ring-injuries
#20
Christiane G Kruppa, Debra L Sietsema, Justin D Khoriaty, Marcel Dudda, Thomas A Schildhauer, Clifford B Jones
OBJECTIVES: To compare mechanism of injury, fracture pattern, displacement, clinical and radiographic outcome of isolated acetabular fractures (Group 1) versus acetabular fractures associated with a pelvic ring injury (Group 2). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort comparative analysis. SETTING: Private orthopaedic practice associated with a level one teaching trauma center. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Mechanism of injury, fracture pattern, displacement and treatment, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), leg length discrepancy (LLD) and hip dysplasia...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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