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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928664/utilization-of-the-flipped-classroom-in-anesthesiology-graduate-medical-education-an-initial-survey-of-faculty-beliefs-and-practices-about-active-learning
#1
Susan M Martinelli, Fei Chen, Matthew D Mcevoy, David A Zvara, Randall M Schell
Background: Flipped classroom (FC) is an active learning (AL) technique thought to have potential benefits in anesthesiology resident education. This survey aimed to determine the frequency of FC utilization, barriers of utilization, and means to overcome these barriers. Method: A web-based questionnaire was developed to survey anesthesiology faculty on their knowledge of and experience with FC. The Society of Academic Associations of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine sent the survey to all United States core program directors (PD) via their list serve with a request for the PDs to forward the survey invitation to their clinical faculty...
January 2018: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928463/does-medical-school-lung-function-teaching-need-an-update
#2
EDITORIAL
Maxwell Stanley Renna, Cristiano Van Zeller
This article highlights the importance of teaching up-to-date diagnostic criteria for lung function in medical school as it becomes relevant to clinical practice http://ow.ly/CBhj30i5nbT.
March 2018: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928117/pharmacists-training-to-improve-inhaler-technique-of-patients-with-copd-in-vietnam
#3
Tu-Son Nguyen, Thi Lien Huong Nguyen, Thi Thuy Van Pham, Susan Hua, Quy Chau Ngo, Shu Chuen Li
Background: Incorrect use of inhalers is very common and subsequently leads to poor control of COPD. Among health care providers, pharmacists are in the best position to educate patients about the correct use of inhaler devices. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of pharmacist-led training on the improvement of inhaler technique for COPD patients in Vietnam. Patients and methods: For this pre- and post-intervention study, standardized checklists of correct use of metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) and dry powder inhalers (DPIs) were used to evaluate the inhaler technique...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927020/sharpening-the-focus-on-ophthalmology-teaching-perceptions-of-medical-students-and-junior-medical-officers
#4
Helen H Zhang, Jenny L Hepschke, Boaz Shulruf, Ian C Francis, Sascha Kr Spencer, Minas Coroneo, Ashish Agar
IMPORTANCE: Worldwide, ophthalmology teaching is being reduced or eliminated from medical school curricula. The current state of ophthalmic teaching in Australia is unknown. BACKGROUND: To evaluate the perceptions of Junior Medical Officers (JMOs) and medical students on ophthalmology teaching in Australian medical schools. DESIGN: Survey-based cross-sectional study PARTICIPANTS: 838 JMOs and medical students from across Australia. METHODS: 56 hospitals and 19 medical schools across Australia were contacted...
June 21, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926257/deprescribing-admission-medication-at-a-uk-teaching-hospital-a-report-on-quantity-and-nature-of-activity
#5
Sion Scott, Allan Clark, Carol Farrow, Helen May, Martyn Patel, Michael James Twigg, David John Wright, Debi Bhattacharya
Background Deprescribing medication may be in response to an adverse clinical trigger (reactive) or if future gains are unlikely to outweigh future harms (proactive). A hospital admission may present an opportunity for deprescribing, however current practice is poorly understood. Objective To quantify and describe the nature of deprescribing in a UK teaching hospital. Method Prescribing and discontinuation data for admission medication from a hospital's electronic prescribing system were extracted over 4 weeks...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925698/identification-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-microorganisms-isolated-from-severe-corneal-ulcers-of-dogs-in-thailand
#6
Daneeya Ekapopphan, Athicha Srisutthakarn, Walasinee Moonarmart, Ruangrat Buddhirongawatr, Norasuthi Bangphoomi
This study aims to determine the microbiological profile and risk factors associated with antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in canine severe corneal ulcers. Thirty-two corneal and conjunctival swabs were collected from dogs with diagnosed severe corneal ulcers that presented to Prasu-Arthorn veterinary teaching hospital in Nakhon Pathom, Thailand from June 2015 to June 2016. Microorganisms were identified by means of genotypic and phenotypic approaches. Of 32 ulcers sampled, 26 (81.3%) yielded culturable microorganisms with 24 bacterial isolates and 7 fungal isolates...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923948/evaluation-of-nursing-school-educators-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-infant-sleep-safety
#7
Jane Cirelli, Beverly Clymer, Adriane Burgess, Jennifer Aguilar, Theodore Bell, Michael Goodstein
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate nursing educators' attitudes and knowledge regarding current American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional prospective survey of all nursing programs with associate degrees or higher in the United States. Instructors teaching pediatric and obstetric didactic or clinical material at an Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing-approved nursing school could participate...
July 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923937/pulmonary-functions-in-children-ventilated-for-acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure
#8
Stanzen Chakdour, Pankaj C Vaidya, Suresh Kumar Angurana, Jayashree Muralidharan, Meenu Singh, Sunit C Singhi
OBJECTIVE: To assess pulmonary functions of children who received mechanical ventilation for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: PICU and Pediatric Pulmonology Clinic of a tertiary care teaching hospital in North India. PATIENTS: All children, 5-12 years old, ventilated for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in PICU from July 2012 to June 2013 and survived. INTERVENTIONS: The baseline admission variables recorded were as follows: age, sex, duration of illness, primary diagnosis at admission, Pediatric Risk of Mortality III score, lung injury score, mechanical ventilation parameters, oxygenation indices, and duration of PICU stay...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923893/the-consultation-observed-simulated-clinical-experience-training-assessment-and-feedback-for-incoming-interns-on-requesting-consultations
#9
Shannon K Martin, Keme Carter, Noah Hellermann, Laura R Glick, Samantha Ngooi, Marika Kachman, Jeanne M Farnan, Vineet M Arora
PROBLEM: Formal education in requesting consultations is inconsistent in medical education. To address this gap, the authors developed the Consultation Observed Simulated Clinical Experience (COSCE), a simulation-based curriculum for interns using Kessler et al's 5Cs of Consultation model to teach and assess consultation communication skills. APPROACH: In June 2016, 127 interns entering 12 University of Chicago Medicine residency programs participated in the COSCE pilot...
June 19, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923746/discrimination-and-generalization-of-negatively-reinforced-mands-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Laura C Chezan, Erik Drasgow, Gabriela Z McWhorter, Kristine I P Starkey, Brooke M Hurdle
In this study, we extended the literature on the generalization of negatively-reinforced mands in three young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). First, we used example and nonexample stimuli embedded in mand training to teach a new, socially appropriate, negatively-reinforced mand to reject unpreferred food items while continuously assessing mand discrimination. Second, we evaluated the discriminated generalization of the newly acquired mand by using untrained example and nonexample stimuli. Finally, we conducted maintenance probes to examine if the new, discriminated mand occurred over time in the absence of training...
June 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922105/an-integrated-2-year-clinical-skills-peer-tutoring-scheme-in-a-uk-based-medical-school-perceptions-of-tutees-and-peer-tutors
#11
Hesham Khalid, Shiffa Shahid, Nikita Punjabi, Nikhil Sahdev
Background: Several benefits of peer tutoring in medical school teaching have been described. However, there is a lack of research on the perceptions of peer tutoring, particularly from tutees who partake in a long-term clinical skills scheme integrated into the medical school curriculum. This study evaluates the opinions of preclinical tutees at the end of a 2-year peer-tutored clinical skills program and peer tutors themselves. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a UK-based medical school that primarily utilizes peer tutoring for clinical skills teaching...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922077/differential-characteristics-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-colonization-and-infection-risk-factors-clinical-picture-and-mortality
#12
Andrés Martín-Aspas, Francisca M Guerrero-Sánchez, Francisco García-Colchero, Sebastián Rodríguez-Roca, José-Antonio Girón-González
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to detect those characteristics that were specifically associated with infection or colonization by Acinetobacter baumannii , describe the clinical manifestations of those patients in whom the infection was detected in intensive care unit (ICU) or non-ICU wards, and analyze the prognosis-associated factors in patients from whom A. baumannii was isolated. Patients and methods: A sample of 122 patients from whom A. baumannii was recovered during an endemic period in a teaching hospital was included...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921342/decentralised-clinical-training-in-optometry-a-developmental-strategy-for-eye-health-in-kwazulu-natal
#13
Diane van Staden
BACKGROUND: Decentralised clinical training (DCT) in optometry is an emerging concept in South Africa. In 2016, the University of KwaZulu Natal (UKZN) implemented this adaptive model of clinical training for undergraduate health professions. The initiative, which emanated through an agreement between UKZN's College of Health Sciences and the KwaZulu Natal Department of Health, centres on the placement of undergraduate optometry students within public health facilities for clinical training purposes...
June 20, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920515/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-regarding-medication-use-in-pregnant-women-in-southern-italy
#14
Monica Navaro, Luigi Vezzosi, Gabriella Santagati, Italo Francesco Angelillo
The study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and medication use of a random sample of pregnant women attending outpatient Gynecology and Obstetrics clinics at randomly selected public General and Teaching hospitals in Naples, Italy. A total of 503 women participated. Those more likely to know that a pregnant woman with chronic condition must discuss whether or not to take a medication with the physician were Italian, aged 31-40 years, employed, with no history of abortion, having had a medical problem within the previous year, with a better self-perceived health status, who knew how to use medications during pregnancy, and who needed information on medications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917308/five-concepts-for-collaborative-clinical-teaching
#15
Megan E Rich, Kelly Lamiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916832/the-work-of-asbh-s-clinical-ethics-consultation-affairs-committee-development-processes-behind-our-educational-materials
#16
Coutenay R Bruce, Jane Jankowski, Barbara L Chanko, Anne Cordes, Barrie J Humberman, Liza-Marie Johnson, Deborah L Kasman, Aviva Katz, Ellen M Robinson, Katherine Wasson, George E Hardart
The authors of this article are previous or current members of the Clinical Ethics Consultation Affairs (CECA) Committee, a standing committee of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH). The committee is composed of seasoned healthcare ethics consultants (HCECs), and it is charged with developing and disseminating education materials for HCECs and ethics committees. The purpose of this article is to describe the educational research and development processes behind our teaching materials, which culminated in a case studies book called A Case-Based Study Guide for Addressing Patient-Centered Ethical Issues in Health Care (hereafter, the Study Guide)...
2018: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916432/approach-to-family-assessment-and-intervention
#17
Anand Krishnan, Priyamadhaba Behera, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Background.: Family studies are an integral part of teaching of community medicine to all undergraduate medical and nursing students. It enhances the understanding of students about social determinants and multifactorial causation of disease. However, there is no standard approach towards it and it is seen as a clinical presentation with some elements of family included. We describe a systematic and comprehensive approach to a family study. Methods.: Based on the existing literature and personal experience, we identified 11 domains under the acronym Family ASSESSMENT-Structure, Socioeconomic, Sickness, Nutritional, Educational, Environmental, Affordability, System (health), Mental, Family influence, Threats...
September 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916414/does-clinical-governance-influence-the-quality-of-medical-records
#18
Andrea Poscia, Elena Azzolini, Pasquale Cacciatore, Antonio Giulio de Belvis, Massimo Volpe, Andrea Cambieri, Gianfranco Damiani, Walter Ricciardi, Maria Lucia Specchia
BACKGROUND: Clinical Governance (CG) is a validated framework for continuous quality improvement in health care settings. Quality medical records may reflect the quality of care delivered and are a viable tool to implement CG skills. AIM: Aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the level of implementation of CG dimensions and the quality of medical records. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in an Italian Teaching Hospital...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915506/evaluation-of-hepatocyte-derived-microrna-122-for-diagnosis-of-acute-and-chronic-hepatitis-of-dogs
#19
S R Eman, A A Kubesy, T A Baraka, F A Torad, I S Shaymaa, Faten F Mohammed
Aim: This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic value of hepatocyte-derived microRNA (miRNA)-122 in acute and chronic hepatitis of dogs. Materials and Methods: A total of 26 dogs presented at Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, 16 dogs out of 26 showing clinical signs of hepatic insufficiency were subjected to clinical, ultrasonographic, hematobiochemical and ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy for cytological and histopathological investigations...
May 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914924/intravenous-cefazolin-plus-oral-probenecid-versus-oral-cephalexin-for-the-treatment-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-a-double-blind-non-inferiority-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Dawn Dalen, Amy Fry, Samuel G Campbell, Jeffrey Eppler, Peter J Zed
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine if cephalexin 500 mg orally four times daily was non-inferior to cefazolin 2 g intravenously daily plus probenecid 1 g orally daily in the management of patients with uncomplicated mild-moderate skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) presenting to the ED. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicentre, double dummy-blind, randomised controlled non-inferiority trial conducted at two tertiary care teaching hospitals in Canada...
June 18, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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