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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822821/what-makes-journal-club-effective-a-survey-of-orthopaedic-residents-and-faculty
#1
Sean T Campbell, Jason R Kang, Julius A Bishop
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs play an important role in the education of orthopaedic surgery residents; however, there are sparse data available on the characteristics that make journal clubs effective. OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to determine the characteristics of effective journal clubs as identified by orthopaedic residents and faculty. We sought to compare the opinions of residents and faculty in order to identify areas that may benefit from future research and discussion...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821597/a-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-electronic-discharge-communication-tool-for-preventing-death-or-hospital-readmission
#2
Maria J Santana, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Danielle A Southern, Ward W Flemons, Maeve O'Beirne, Michael D Hill, Alan J Forster, Deborah E White, William A Ghali
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of an electronic discharge communication tool (e-DCT) for preventing death or hospital readmission, as well as reducing patient-reported adverse events after hospital discharge. The e-DCT assessed has already been shown to yield high-quality discharge summaries with high levels of patient and physician satisfaction. METHODS: This two-arm randomised controlled trial was conducted in a Canadian tertiary care centre's internal medicine medical teaching units...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821414/retention-of-vaginal-breech-delivery-skills-taught-in-simulation
#3
Heather Stone, Joan Crane, Kathy Johnston, Catherine Craig
OBJECTIVE: The optimal frequency of conducting simulation training for high-acuity, low-frequency events in obstetrics and gynaecology residency programs is unknown. This study evaluated retention over time of vaginal breech delivery skills taught in simulation, by comparing junior and senior residents. In addition, the residents' subjective comfort level to perform this skill clinically was assessed. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 22 obstetrics and gynaecology residents in a Canadian residency training program...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820733/pubertal-assessment-targeted-educational-intervention-for-pediatric-trainees
#4
Aditi Khokhar, Sairaman Nagarajan, Yagnaram Ravichandran, Sheila Perez-Colon
Background Timely and periodic pubertal assessment in children is vital to identify puberty related disorders. Pediatricians need to have working knowledge of puberty time and tempo. Pediatric residency is an important platform to acquire physical examination skills including pubertal assessment. Objective An educational intervention for teaching pubertal assessment was piloted on pediatric residents at our institution. Methods The intervention comprised of interactive lecture series, ID badge size Tanner stage cards and Tanner posters placed in residents' continuity clinics...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819540/use-of-global-initiative-for-asthma-gina-guidelines-in-asthma-management-among-paediatric-residents-in-a-sub-saharan-african-country-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#5
Adaeze Chikaodinaka Ayuk, Agozie Ubesie, Chioma Laura Odimegwu, Kenechukwu Iloh
INTRODUCTION: Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances. Despite abundance of asthma guidelines, prevalence has continued to increase globally. There is need to assess how the contents of asthma guidelines are put to clinical use by doctors in the management of children with asthma. This study aims at evaluating the clinical practice of paediatric residents in applying GINA guidelines...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819502/pattern-and-outcome-of-dog-bite-injuries-among-children-in-ado-ekiti-southwest-nigeria
#6
Ezra Olatunde Ogundare, Oladele Simeon Olatunya, Isaac Oluwadare Oluwayemi, Adekoya Joshua Inubile, Adekunle Bamidele Taiwo, Oyinkansola Tolulope Agaja, Alfred Airemionkhale, Adewale Fabunmi
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites in humans are a major public health problem. Globally, millions of people are bitten by dogs but most of the fatal cases occur in children. There is paucity of data on dog bite related diseases among Nigerian children. Objectives: to determine the pattern of dog bite injuries and associated health problems among children seen at Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on the clinical data of patients managed for dog bite related injuries between January 2010 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819470/causes-of-death-and-factors-associated-with-early-mortality-of-hiv-infected-adults-admitted-to-korle-bu-teaching-hospital
#7
Adriana Saavedra, Nia Campinha-Bacote, Maurice Hajjar, Ernest Kenu, Fizza Syeda Gillani, Adjoa Obo-Akwa, Margaret Lartey, Awewura Kwara
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to identify common causes of death as well as the factors associated with the high inpatient mortality rate of HIV-infected patients at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH). METHODS: The retrospective study reviewed the medical records of 547 HIV-infected adults aged 18 years or older admitted to the KBTH between the months of January 2012 and October 2013. Using standardized abstraction forms, clinical and demographic data of eligible patients was collected...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819468/paediatric-fractures-in-a-sub-saharan-tertiary-care-center-a-cohort-analysis-of-demographic-characteristics-clinical-presentation-therapeutic-patterns-and-outcomes
#8
Marc Leroy Guifo, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Blondel Nana Oumarou, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Aristide Guy Bang, Aurelien Ndoumbe, Bonaventure Jemea, Maurice Aurelien Sosso
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric fractures are often of good prognosis due to auto-correction of insufficient fracture reduction by bone remodeling. In sub-Saharan Africa, traditional healers are renowned for managing fractures and there is a neglect for specialized pediatric fracture care. We aimed to determine the demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment patterns and outcomes of paediatric fractures in a tertiary health care centre in Yaoundé. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of all consenting consecutive cases of fractures in patients younger than 16 years managed between January 2011 and June 2015 at the University Teaching Hospital, Cameroon...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818834/designing-and-implementing-a-physiology-course-for-a-new-doctoral-occupational-therapy-program-with-student-feedback
#9
Barbara E Goodman, Moses N Ikiugu
Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupational therapy doctoral students...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818507/optimizing-quality-of-endoscopy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-focus-on-surveillance-and-management-of-colorectal-dysplasia-using-interactive-image-and-video-based-teaching
#10
Tonya R Kaltenbach, Roy M Soetikno, Rebecca DeVivo, Loren A Laine, Alan Barkun, Kenneth R McQuaid
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Varying recommendations regarding the detection and management of dysplasia can lead to uncertainty and may have impeded the uptake of strategies that could improve surveillance in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As such, an educational event was held to assist in disseminating the recently published Surveillance for Colorectal Endoscopic Neoplasia Detection and Management in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients: International Consensus Recommendations (SCENIC)...
August 14, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817693/clinical-signs-profound-acidemia-hypoglycemia-and-hypernatremia-are-predictive-of-mortality-in-1-400-critically-ill-neonatal-calves-with-diarrhea
#11
Florian M Trefz, Ingrid Lorenz, Annette Lorch, Peter D Constable
Profound acidemia impairs cellular and organ function and consequently should be associated with an increased risk of mortality in critically ill humans and animals. Neonatal diarrhea in calves can result in potentially serious metabolic derangements including profound acidemia due to strong ion (metabolic) acidosis, hyper-D-lactatemia, hyper-L-lactatemia, azotemia, hypoglycemia, hyperkalemia and hyponatremia. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the prognostic relevance of clinical and laboratory findings in 1,400 critically ill neonatal calves with diarrhea admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817307/geographic-distribution-of-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-species-identified-among-clinical-isolates-in-the-united-states-2009-2013
#12
Alicen B Spaulding, Yi Ling Lai, Adrian M Zelazny, Kenneth N Olivier, Sameer S Kadri, D Rebecca Prevots, Jennifer Adjemian
RATIONALE: Nontuberculous mycobacteria are an important cause of morbidity in the United States, although patient outcomes vary greatly by species. Currently, nationally representative data on the distribution of mycobacterial species from clinical isolates are limited. OBJECTIVES: Using a national hospitalization database capturing microbiologic data for nearly six million patient encounters, we describe the geographic distribution of, and patient demographic features associated with, clinical mycobacterial isolates in the United States...
August 17, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#13
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817239/novel-dissection-of-the-central-nervous-system-to-bridge-gross-anatomy-and-neuroscience-for-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#14
Rebecca J Hlavac, Rachel Klaus, Kourtney Betts, Shilo M Smith, Maureen E Stabio
Medical schools in the United States continue to undergo curricular change, reorganization, and reformation as more schools transition to an integrated curriculum. Anatomy educators must find novel approaches to teach in a way that will bridge multiple disciplines. The cadaveric extraction of the central nervous system (CNS) provides an opportunity to bridge gross anatomy, neuroanatomy, and clinical neurology. In this dissection, the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cauda equina, optic nerve/tract, and eyes are removed in one piece so that the entire CNS and its gateway to the periphery through the spinal roots can be appreciated...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816556/maternal-mortality-in-the-last-triennium-of-the-millennium-development-goal-era-at-the-obafemi-awolowo-university-teaching-hospitals-complex-ile-ife-nigeria
#15
Ibraheem Olayemi Awowole, Olusegun Olalekan Badejoko, Oluwafemi Kuti, Omotade Adebimpe Ijarotimi, Oluwaseun Oludotun Sowemimo, Ifeoluwa Emmanuel Ogunduyile
The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of Nigeria remains high. This retrospective study aims to suggest evidence-based strategies towards achieving the sustainable development goal target 3.1 at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital (OAUTHC), Nigeria by providing contemporary data on MMR between October 2012 and September 2015. There were 86 maternal deaths and 5243 live births over the triennium, with annual MMRs of 1744, 1622 and 1512/100,000 live births, respectively. Fifty-six (65.2%) were postpartum deaths, while 44 (51...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815761/-my-mentor-didn-t-speak-to-me-for-the-first-four-weeks-perceived-unfairness-experienced-by-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice-settings
#16
Kirsten Jack, Claire Hamshire, W Edwin Harris, Mark Langan, Neil Barrett, Christopher Wibberley
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceived unfairness experienced by student nurses during their undergraduate clinical placements. BACKGROUND: It is important that student nurses feel supported by practice staff during their clinical placement education experiences. However, it has been reported that learners can feel ignored, unsupported and bullied by others in the clinical environment and this has a detrimental effect on their learning. It is important to understand the student nurse perspective and explore ways in which their feelings of belongingness might be enhanced in the clinical area...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815260/-improving-the-teaching-quality-by-multiple-tools-and-technology-in-oral-histopathology-experimental-course
#17
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815253/-a-survey-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-evidence-based-dentistry-among-dental-students
#18
Zhong-Fu Chang, Ce Zhu, Dan-Ying Tao, Xi-Ping Feng, Hai-Xia Lu
PURPOSE: To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice related to evidence-based dentistry among dental students, and to provide a reference for targeted evidence-based dentistry teaching and practice evidence-based dentistry in dental students. METHODS: Dental students who attended the internship in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital and Pudong People's Hospital were invited to attend this survey. Information on knowledge, attitude and practices related evidence-based dentistry was collected through questionnaires...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815204/pathology-competencies-for-medical-education-and-educational-cases
#19
Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel, Donald P Regula, Michael J Borowitz, Richard Conran, Michael B Prystowsky
Current medical school curricula predominantly facilitate early integration of basic science principles into clinical practice to strengthen diagnostic skills and the ability to make treatment decisions. In addition, they promote life-long learning and understanding of the principles of medical practice. The Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME) were developed in response to a call to action by pathology course directors nationwide to teach medical students pathology principles necessary for the practice of medicine...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814618/the-whole-proof-incorporating-evidence-based-medicine-into-clinical-teaching
#20
REVIEW
Nicholas M Potisek, Kenya McNeal-Trice, Michael A Barone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Pediatrics
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