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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650177/validity-and-reliability-of-the-comfort-assessment-breast-cancer-instrument-in-breast-cancer-palliative-care
#1
Tuti Nuraini, Dewi Gayatri, Dewi Irawaty
Indonesia is a developing country and most breast cancer patients present with terminal conditions, including discomfort. Comfort is a crucial component of nursing in palliative care, especially in breast cancer patients. However, this condition is difficult to assess and therefore assign as a diagnosis. Some comfort assessment tools have been developed in other countries are found not appropriate for an Indonesian context. This study is a sequence of prior qualitative research regarding a comfort assessment tool to be developed in Indonesia...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648477/acute-intensive-care-unit-management-of-mustard-gas-victims-the-turkish-experience
#2
Ertugrul Kilic, Mesut Ortatatli, Sermet Sezigen, Rusen Koray Eyison, Levent Kenar
Sulfur mustard (SM) is an highly toxic and vesicant chemical weapon that was used in various military conflicts several times in the history. The severity of ocular, dermal, and pulmonary symptoms that may appear following a characteristic asymptomatic period are depending on the SM concentration and exposure duration. The aim of this study is to present the clinical features and share the intensive care unit (ICU) experiences for the medical management of mustard gas victims. Thirteen Free Syrian Army soldiers near Al-Bab region of North Syria were reportedly exposed to oily blackish smoke with garlic smell due to the explosion of a trapped bomb without causing any blast or thermal effect on 26th November 2016...
April 12, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643895/expression-analysis-of-glyoxalase-i-gene-among-patients-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#3
Aneela Rasul, Amir Rashid, Palvasha Waheed, Saleem Ahmed Khan
Objectives: To study expression of glyoxalase I in patients of diabetic retinopathy. Methods: This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at Centre for Research in Experimental and Applied Medicine (CREAM), Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi in collaboration with Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology (AFIO) from January 2015 to November 2015. Sampling technique was non- probability purposive sampling. Total 60 subjects were enrolled in two groups...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629972/u-s-army-platoon-gets-struck-by-lightning-a-case-series
#4
Alexander P Houser, Shane L Larson, Julia S Fast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627582/life-on-a-napoleonic-battlefield-a-bioarchaeological-analysis-of-soldiers-from-the-battle-of-aspern-austria
#5
Leslie Quade, Michaela Binder
On the 21st-22nd of May 1809, French and Austrian soldiers engaged in battle near the village of Aspern on the outskirts of Vienna. This battle, the first defeat of Napoleon's army on land, was one of the largest and deadliest encounters during the Napoleonic Wars (1798-1815). Salvage excavations between 2009 and 2016 have revealed several battlefield burial sites in Aspern. The remains of 30 individuals were evaluated for a series of pathological conditions which develop during childhood and adulthood to elucidate the impact of Napoleonic military conditions on health...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626741/prescription-opioid-misusing-chronic-pain-patients-exhibit-dysregulated-context-dependent-associations-investigating-associative-learning-in-addiction-with-the-cue-primed-reactivity-task
#6
Eric L Garland, Craig J Bryan, Lydia Kreighbaum, Yoshio Nakamura, Matthew O Howard, Brett Froeliger
BACKGROUND: Associative learning undergirds the development of addiction, such that drug-related cues serve as conditioned stimuli to elicit drug-seeking responses. Plausibly, among opioid misusing chronic pain patients, pain-related information may serve as a conditioned stimulus to magnify opioid cue-elicited autonomic and craving responses through a process of second-order conditioning. METHODS: We utilized a novel psychophysiological probe of pain-opioid conditioned associations, the Cue-Primed Reactivity (CPR) task...
March 27, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621225/roche-pays-1-9-billion-for-flatiron-s-army-of-electronic-health-record-curators
#7
Justin Petrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618098/impact-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-disorder-on-sleep-and-comorbid-symptoms-in-military-personnel-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Daniel J Taylor, Alan L Peterson, Kristi E Pruiksma, Willie J Hale, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Allison Wilkerson, Karin Nicholson, Brett T Litz, Katherine A Dondanville, John D Roache, Elisa V Borah, Antoinette Brundige, Jim Mintz
Study Objectives: To compare the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTi) disorder and a Control condition on reducing insomnia and comorbid symptoms in a sample of active duty military personnel. Methods: Randomized clinical trial of 151 active duty US Army personnel at Fort Hood, Texas. Results: This study replicated Original (n = 66) findings (CBTi outperformed Control) in a Follow-on sample (n = 85) on diary-assessed sleep efficiency (d = 1...
March 29, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617949/re-deployment-and-preterm-birth-among-us-army-soldiers
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615169/serum-cystatin-c-as-an-early-diagnostic-biomarker-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#10
Ayesha Qamar, Asma Hayat, Tariq Mahmood Ahmad, Alamgir Khan, Mohammad Najam Ul Hasnat, Sufyan Tahir
OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy and cut-off values of serum cystatin C as early diagnostic biomarker of diabetic kidney disease. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pathology, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi in collaboration with Endocrinology Department, Military Hospital (MH), Rawalpindi from November 2015 to November 2016. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and nineteen diagnosed patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus were enrolled in the study from the outpatient Endocrinology Department of the MH Rawalpindi...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615166/phenotypic-identification-frequency-distribution-and-antibiogram-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-clinical-isolates
#11
Maliha Ansari, Tehmina Munir, Nadia Saad
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between Ambler class A, B and D of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae by using simple phenotypic methods that can be carried out in the laboratory without requiring any specialised techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Microbiology Department, Army Medical College, NUST, Islamabad, from November 2015 to November 2016. METHODOLOGY: Clinical specimens were subjected to identification of Enterobacteriaceae by colony morphology and API 20 E...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615005/improving-risk-prediction-accuracy-for-new-soldiers-in-the-u-s-army-by-adding-self-report-survey-data-to-administrative-data
#12
Samantha L Bernecker, Anthony J Rosellini, Matthew K Nock, Wai Tat Chiu, Peter M Gutierrez, Irving Hwang, Thomas E Joiner, James A Naifeh, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental disorders, suicidality, and interpersonal violence early in the military career have raised interest in implementing preventive interventions with high-risk new enlistees. The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS) developed risk-targeting systems for these outcomes based on machine learning methods using administrative data predictors. However, administrative data omit many risk factors, raising the question whether risk targeting could be improved by adding self-report survey data to prediction models...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614572/-four-cases-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients-transported-with-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#13
Z Zhao, X Y Hong, Y Y Liu, X J Zhang, L S Bao, H T Gao, X H Liu, Z C Feng
Objective: To retrospectively review 4 cases diagnosed with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) who were transported with veno-venous (V-V) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) from April 2016 to March 2017. Methods: Four patients were transported to Bayi Children's Hospital Afflicted to the PLA Army General Hospital, with V-V ECMO. Their vital signs, blood-gas analysis and chest X-ray before and after transportation were compared. The length of ECMO, pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay and hospitalization, and the prognosis were analyzed...
April 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613996/timing-and-predictors-of-mild-and-severe-heat-illness-among-new-military-enlistees
#14
D Alan Nelson, Patricia A Deuster, Francis G OʼConnor, Lianne M Kurina
PURPOSE: Heat illnesses are important and potentially fatal conditions among physically active individuals. We determined predictors of heat illness among enlistees in a large military population experiencing common physical activity patterns. METHODS: We estimated the adjusted odds of mild and severe heat illness associated with demographic, health-related, and geographic factors among active-duty, United States Army soldiers enlisting between January 2011 - December 2014 (N=238,168) using discrete-time multivariable logistic regression analyses...
April 27, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609792/-the-nurse-and-the-reconstruction-of-military-casualties-through-sport
#15
REVIEW
Marie-Hedwige Boutet-de Basquiat, Anne Paris, Aline Delalande, Lackhéna Sarhok, Aurore Nguyen, Marie Thomas-Pohl
Soldiers are confronted with physical and mental injuries which constitute a social trauma. The French army has put in place tools, notably sports courses, to favour resilience and the reintegration of casualties. Nurses and nurse assistants working in physical medicine and rehabilitation and psychiatry, play a key role using their skills to support this scheme which runs outside the hospital setting.
April 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607386/occupational-stress-in-the-indian-army-oncology-nursing-workforce-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Neelam Sharma, Puneet Takkar, Abhishek Purkayastha, Pradeep Jaiswal, Sachin Taneja, Nishant Lohia, Anu Rani Augustine
Objective: This cross-sectional, quantitative epidemiological study was aimed at finding out the degree of work-related stress among the staff nurses working in oncology. Methods: This study was conducted on 81 out of 100 oncology-trained nurses working in various oncology centers of Indian Army who consented to participate in it. It was carried out in five oncology centers of our organization where oncology-related facilities are available. Predesigned and pretested questionnaire covering their sociodemographic variables in part I and professional life stress scale by David Fontana in part II...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607248/quality-of-care-for-ptsd-and-depression-in-the-military-health-system-final-report
#17
Kimberly A Hepner, Carol P Roth, Elizabeth M Sloss, Susan M Paddock, Praise O Iyiewuare, Martha J Timmer, Harold Alan Pincus
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) strives to maintain a physically and psychologically healthy, mission-ready force, and the care provided by the Military Health System (MHS) is critical to meeting this goal. Attention has been directed to ensuring the quality and availability of programs and services for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This study is a comprehensive assessment of the quality of care delivered by the MHS in 2013-2014 for over 38,000 active-component service members with PTSD or depression...
April 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606059/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-veterans-who-are-serving-sentences-in-custody
#18
Michele Unwin, Belinda Winder
The focus on veterans in research is not a novel topic; however, the majority of studies are related to trauma, employment, mental health, suicide, and substance misuse. The criminal justice system involvement with veterans is a topic that has yet to be examined to a great extent. This study, conducted with adult male prisoners, elicited information from six veterans regarding their experiences of being in the armed forces, leaving the armed forces, and becoming involved in the criminal justice system. Responses were evaluated using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) and three main themes were identified: "you're baptized into the army," "them and us," and "operational mind-set"; each of which comprised a number of superordinate themes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602720/musculoskeletal-training-injury-prevention-in-the-u-s-army-evolution-of-the-science-and-the-public-health-approach
#19
Bruce H Jones, Veronique D Hauschild, Michelle Canham-Chervak
Injuries cause more morbidity among soldiers in the U.S. Army than any other health condition. Over two-thirds of U.S. soldiers' injuries occur gradually from cumulative micro-traumatic damage to the musculoskeletal system as a result of physical training activities. Paradoxically, the very physical training activities required to improve soldier performance also result in injury. Determining the amounts and types of physical training that maximize performance while minimizing injuries requires scientific evidence...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602701/delineating-the-serotype-specific-neutralizing-antibody-response-to-a-live-attenuated-tetravalent-dengue-vaccine
#20
Gregory D Gromowski, Sandra Henein, Chandrika B Kannadka, David A Barvir, Stephen J Thomas, Aravinda M de Silva, Richard G Jarman
The dengue virus (DENV) vaccines that are licensed or in clinical development consist of DENV serotype 1-4 tetravalent formulations given simultaneously and are not acquired sequentially like natural infections. It is unclear what effect this has on development of protective levels of immunity to all four serotypes. Serotype-specific neutralizing antibody (NAb) is considered the most relevant correlate of protection from dengue disease. Here we assessed levels of serotype-specific and cross-reactive NAb in immune sera from 10 subjects vaccinated with a live attenuated tetravalent DENV vaccine developed at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research...
March 27, 2018: Vaccine
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