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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350657/normative-data-for-interpreting-the-breast-q-augmentation
#1
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q is a rigorously developed, well-validated, patient-reported outcome instrument with a module designed for evaluating breast augmentation outcomes. However, there are no published normative BREAST-Q scores, limiting interpretation. METHODS: Normative data were generated for the BREAST-Q Augmentation module by means of the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer) engaged in breast-cancer related research...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350653/understanding-the-health-burden-of-macromastia-normative-data-for-the-breast-q-reduction-module
#2
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q Reduction module evaluates outcomes in reduction mammaplasty. However, there are currently no published normative scores, limiting the interpretation of BREAST-Q data. METHODS: The BREAST-Q Reduction module was administered via the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer) engaged in breast-cancer related research. Normative data were generated from women aged 18 years and older, without a history of breast cancer or breast surgery...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345752/recent-field-experiments-with-commercial-satellite-imagery-direct-downlink
#3
Anthony R Gonzalez, Samuel H Amber
US Pacific Command's strategy includes assistance to United States government relief agencies and nongovernment organizations during humanitarian aid and disaster relief operations in the Asia-Pacific region. Situational awareness during these operations is enhanced by broad interagency access to unclassified commercial satellite imagery. The Remote Ground Terminal-a mobile satellite downlink ground station-has undergone several technology demonstrations and participated in an overseas deployment exercise focused on a natural disaster scenario...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344819/olfaction-as-a-soldier-a-review-of-the-physiology-and-its-present-and-future-use-in-the-military
#4
REVIEW
Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Somasundram Subramaniam, De-Yun Wang
Olfaction is one of our 5 main qualitative sensory abilities. In this review, we have examined the physiology of olfaction from the olfactory receptor to the brain. Through analyzing the physiology of olfaction, we have found that the biochemistry of olfactory nerve stimulation is unique from that of other similar pathways. Upon receiving large amounts of input from the olfactory nerve, the olfactory bulb, followed by several layers of centrifugal and centripetal processing in the brain, has to sort the information from the input as well as integrate it with other inputs from the brain to develop a coherent understanding of the input...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341891/homecoming-of-citizen-soldiers-postdeployment-problems-and-service-use-among-army-national-guard-soldiers
#5
James Griffith
The present study described the types and amount of problems and services sought among returned deployed Army National Guard soldiers (4568 soldiers in 50 units). The study responds to gaps in the research literature to better understand community intervention needs of reservists. About half (48%) of the soldiers reported one or two problems, mostly those of psychological well-being, such as feelings of anger and frustration, upsetting memories, and troubled sleep (34% of the study sample), followed by problems of social support (18%), alcohol use (17%), feelings of isolation including suicidal thoughts (13%), and financial difficulties (11%)...
March 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338467/somewhere-in-france-9-april-17-a-centenary-review-of-medical-arrangements-at-vimy-ridge
#6
Vivian McAlister
In April 1917, medical units of the 4 divisions of the Canadian Corps combined for the first time in support of a single action, the assault upon Vimy Ridge. Detailed planning, infrastructure development, information dissemination and rehearsal were features of preparations by the combat arms and medical elements of the Canadian Forces. Extraordinary coordination resulted in the rapid rescue and evacuation by Canadian medical services of 8000 casualties over 4 days. Characteristics of today's military medical services are evident in the work of the Canadian Army Medical Corps 100 years ago...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333835/zero-preventable-deaths-after-traumatic-injury-an-achievable-goal
#7
Philip C Spinella
Preventable deaths after injury must be reduced to improve outcomes for trauma patients. The elimination of preventable deaths after injury has been documented by the 75th US Army Ranger Regiment. Therefore, zero preventable deaths after injury is an achievable goal. Trauma is the most common cause of death between the ages of 1-46 and is the most common cause of life-years lost, before 75 years of age, compared to all other etiologies. Traumatic Hemorrhagic Shock (THS) is the leading cause of death that is preventable after injury, accounting for potentially 17,000 preventable deaths per year in the US...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333833/leadership-and-a-casualty-response-system-for-eliminating-preventable-death
#8
Russ S Kotwal, Harold R Montgomery, Ethan A Miles, Curtis C Conklin, Michael T Hall, Stanley A McChrystal
Combat casualties who die from their injuries do so primarily in the prehospital setting. Although most of these deaths result from injuries that are non-survivable, some are potentially survivable. Of injuries that are potentially survivable, most are from hemorrhage. Thus, military organizations should direct efforts toward prehospital care, particularly through early hemorrhage control and remote damage control resuscitation, in order to eliminate preventable death on the battlefield. A systems-based approach and priority of effort for institutionalizing such care was developed and maintained by medical personnel and command-directed by non-medical combatant leaders within the 75th Ranger Regiment, U...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333538/health-care-contact-and-suicide-risk-documentation-prior-to-suicide-death-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#9
Jessica D Ribeiro, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner, Ronald C Kessler, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Matthew K Nock
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has shown that a substantial portion of suicide decedents access health care in the weeks and months before their death. We examined whether this is true among soldiers. METHOD: The sample included the 569 Regular Army soldiers in the U.S. Army who died by suicide on active duty between 2004 and 2009 compared to 5,690 matched controls. Analyses examined the prevalence and frequency of health care contacts and documentation of suicide risk (i...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328715/evaluating-injury-risk-and-gender-performance-on-health-and-skill-related-fitness-assessments
#10
Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Timothy T Bushman, Morgan K Anderson, William J North, Bruce H Jones
Grier, TL, Canham-Chervak, M, Bushman, TT, Anderson, MK, North, WJ, and Jones, BH. Evaluating injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 971-980, 2017-The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the association of injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. A survey was used to collect personal characteristics and Army Physical Fitness Test scores (2-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups). Within the same day, 9 physical fitness assessments were performed...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328683/surgical-support-during-the-terrorist-attacks-in-paris-13-november-2015-experience-at-b%C3%A3-gin-military-teaching-hospital
#11
Olivier Barbier, Brice Malgras, Camille Choufani, Antoine Bouchard, Didier Ollat, Gilbert Versier
BACKGROUND: Recent conflicts have allowed the French Army Health Service to improve management quality for wartime-injured people during military operations. On 13 November 2015, it was in Paris that France was directly attacked and Bégin Military Teaching Hospital, like several hospitals in Paris, had to face a large number of gunshot victims. Thanks to our operational experience, injured people hospitalized in military hospitals benefited from a management based on triage and damage control (DC) principles...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327145/diagnostic-challenges-and-case-management-of-the-first-imported-case-of-plasmodium-knowlesi-in-sri-lanka
#12
A Dewanee Ranaweera, Manjula N Danansuriya, Kusumawathie Pahalagedera, W M Kumudunayana T de A W Gunasekera, Priyani Dharmawardena, Keng Wai Mak, Pei-Sze Jeslyn Wong, Mei-Zhi Irene Li, Cheong Huat Tan, Hapuarachchige C Hapuarachchi, Hema D B Herath, Deepika Fernando
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka has achieved 'malaria-free' status and is now in the phase of prevention of re-introduction of malaria. Imported malaria remains a challenge to resurgence of the disease. The diagnostic challenges encountered and the rapid response initiated to manage a Plasmodium infection, which was later confirmed as Plasmodium knowlesi, the first reported case from Sri Lanka, is discussed. CASE PRESENTATION: An army officer who returned from Malaysia in October 2016 was found to be positive for Plasmodium both by microscopy and rapid diagnostic test (RDT) by the Anti Malaria Campaign Sri Lanka (AMC) during his third visit to a health care provider...
March 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323803/patient-response-to-an-integrated-orthotic-and-rehabilitation-initiative-for-traumatic-injuries-the-prioriti-mtf-study
#13
Joseph R Hsu, Johnny G Owens, Jennifer DeSanto, John R Fergason, Kevin M Kuhn, Benjamin K Potter, Daniel J Stinner, Robert G Sheu, Sandra L Waggoner, Jason M Wilken, Yanjie Huang, Daniel O Scharfstein, Ellen J MacKenzie
Although limb salvage is now possible for many high-energy open fractures and crush injuries to the distal tibia, ankle, hindfoot, and midfoot, orthotic options are limited. The Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) is a custom, energy-storing carbon fiber orthosis developed for trauma patients undergoing limb salvage. The IDEO differs from other orthoses in that it allows patients with ankle weakness to have more normal ankle biomechanics and increased ankle power. This article describes the design of a study to evaluate the effectiveness of the IDEO when delivered together with a high-intensity, sports medicine-based approach to rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323466/sexual-assault-victimization-and-mental-health-treatment-suicide-attempts-and-career-outcomes-among-women-in-the-us-army
#14
Anthony J Rosellini, Amy E Street, Robert J Ursano, Wai Tat Chiu, Steven G Heeringa, John Monahan, James A Naifeh, Maria V Petukhova, Ben Y Reis, Nancy A Sampson, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during military service with subsequent mental health and negative career outcomes among US Army women controlling for nonrandom victimization exposure. METHODS: We used data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to apply propensity score methods to match all 4238 female Regular Army soldiers with administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during 2004 to 2009 to 5 controls per case with similar composite victimization risk...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322699/markers-of-disease-severity-in-patients-with-spanish-influenza-in-the-japanese-armed-forces-1919-1920
#15
Koichiro Kudo, Toshie Manabe, Shinyu Izumi, Jin Takasaki, Yuji Fujikura, Akihiko Kawana, Kenji Yamamoto
We examined preserved medical charts of 470 Spanish influenza patients (8 with fatal cases) hospitalized at former army hospitals in Japan during 1919-1920. The following factors were associated with longer periods of hospitalization: adventitious discontinuous lung sounds, maximum respiration rate, continuation of high fever after hospital admission, and diphasic fever.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317515/howard-wilcox-haggard-and-the-institutionalization-of-modern-alcohol-studies
#16
Nicholas Allred, William Bejarano, Judit Ward
OBJECTIVE: This biographical sketch and accompanying bibliography provide a new look at Howard Wilcox Haggard, M.D., Ph.D., whose career highlights the consolidation of alcohol studies as a field in twentieth-century America. METHOD: The article relies in large part on the works of Haggard assembled for the bibliography project, supplemented by published and unpublished documents and records from collections at Rutgers University. RESULTS: Haggard began his career in respiratory physiology, influenced by his work on chemical weapons for the Army during the First World War...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316305/the-statesmanship-of-william-crawford-gorgas-m-d-surgeon-general-medical-corps-united-states-army
#17
Roy E Gandy, Raven M Christopher, Charles B Rodning
If statesmanship can be characterized as a bed rock of principles, a strong moral compass, a vision, and an ability to articulate and effect that vision, then the fortitude, tenacity, imperturbability, and resilience of William Crawford Gorgas cannot be overestimated. As Chief Sanitary Officer in Cuba and as Chief Medical Officer in Panama, he actualized strategies to eradicate the vectors of yellow fever and malaria. His superiors initially pigeonholed his requisitions, refused to provide him with any authority, and clamored for his dismissal...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303994/association-of-il-6-c-174g-rs-1800795-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-pakistani-population
#18
Amina Nadeem, Sadaf Mumtaz, Abdul Khaliq Naveed, Qaiser Mansoor, Muhammad Aslam, Arif Siddiqui, Muhammad Ismail
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of interleukin-6 C-174G single nucleotide polymorphism with type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic parameters. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted from June 2012 to December 2013 at the Military Hospital Rawalpindi, the Centre for Research in Experimental and Applied Medicine, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, and the Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Engineering, Islamabad, Pakistan. Two cohorts of subjects were genotyped for the single nucleotide polymorphism...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301434/comparison-of-circumference-measures-and-height-weight-tables-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-assessment-of-body-composition-in-r-o-t-c-cadets
#19
Kelly L Pritchett, Katherine M Mitchell, Robert C Pritchett, David L Gee
Height-weight tables and circumference measures are used by the U.S. Army to predict body composition because they require little equipment/expertise. However, agreement between the Army's new 2002 circumference equation and an established laboratory technique has not been determined. The purpose of this study was to quantify agreement in body fat percentages between the Army's circumference measures (taping) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA); second to determine categorical agreement between height-weight tables and DXA...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300324/risk-of-stress-fracture-varies-by-race-ethnic-origin-in-a-cohort-study-of-1-3-million-u-s-army-soldiers
#20
Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Julie M Hughes, Craig J McKinnon, Joseph R Kardouni, Katelyn I Guerriere, Kristin L Popp, Ronald W Matheny, Mary L Bouxsein
Stress fractures (SF) are common and costly injuries in military personnel. Risk for SF has been shown to vary with race/ethnicity. Previous studies report increased SF risk in White and Hispanic Soldiers compared to Black soldiers. However, these studies did not account for the large ethnic diversity in the U.S. Military. PURPOSE: We aimed to identify differences in SF risk among racial/ethnic groups within the U.S. Army. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes Database from 2001 until 2011...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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