keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Army

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448689/trends-and-factors-associated-with-insomnia-and-sleep-apnea-in-all-united-states-military-service-members-from-2005-to-2014
#1
John A Caldwell, Joseph J Knapik, Harris R Lieberman
Sleep disorders are a critical issue for the military, as they impact operational readiness, personnel health, wellbeing and health-care costs. The incidence of insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are increasing in the United States civilian population, and rates in military personnel exceed those of civilians. Using a comprehensive database, rates of medical encounters for insomnia and OSA were investigated and their associations with various demographic factors examined in the total US military population [1,381,406 ± 25,123, mean ± standard deviation (SD) personnel per year] from 2005 to 2014...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448595/hantavirus-surveillance-and-genetic-diversity-targeting-small-mammals-at-camp-humphreys-a-us-military-installation-and-new-expansion-site-republic-of-korea
#2
Heung-Chul Kim, Won-Keun Kim, Terry A Klein, Sung-Tae Chong, Peter V Nunn, Jeong-Ah Kim, Seung-Ho Lee, Jin Sun No, Jin-Won Song
Small mammal surveillance was conducted (2008-2010, 2012) at Camp (Cp) Humphreys, a US Army installation and new expansion site, Republic of Korea (ROK), to identify hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome health threats to US military/civilian populations during its ongoing expansion phase. Small mammals were collected using Sherman live capture traps and transported to Korea University where they were euthanized, tissues removed, and assayed to determine hantavirus IgG antibody-positive and hantavirus-positive rates by RT-PCR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446853/the-role-of-health-extension-workers-in-linking-pregnant-women-with-health-facilities-for-delivery-in-rural-and-pastoralist-areas-of-ethiopia
#3
Ruth Jackson, Assefa Hailemariam
BACKGROUND: Women's preference to give birth at home is deeply embedded in Ethiopian culture. Many women only go to health facilities if they have complications during birth. Health Extension Workers (HEWs) have been deployed to improve the utilization of maternal health services by bridging the gap between communities and health facilities. This study examined the barriers and facilitators for HEWs as they refer women to mid-level health facilities for birth. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in three regions: Afar Region, Southern Nations Nationalities and People's Region and Tigray Region between March to December 2014...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445351/breast-cancer-and-reconstruction-normative-data-for-interpreting-the-breast-q
#4
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q is a patient-reported outcome instrument used to evaluate outcomes in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery and reconstruction. Normative values for the BREAST-Q breast cancer modules have not been established, limiting data interpretation. METHODS: Participants were recruited by means of the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer), to complete Mastectomy, Breast Conserving Therapy, and Reconstruction preoperative BREAST-Q scales...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443533/childhood-adversity-adult-stress-and-the-risk-of-major-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-us-soldiers-a-test-of-the-stress-sensitization-hypothesis
#5
G Bandoli, L Campbell-Sills, R C Kessler, S G Heeringa, M K Nock, A J Rosellini, N A Sampson, M Schoenbaum, R J Ursano, M B Stein
BACKGROUND: The stress sensitization theory hypothesizes that individuals exposed to childhood adversity will be more vulnerable to mental disorders from proximal stressors. We aimed to test this theory with respect to risk of 30-day major depressive episode (MDE) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among new US Army soldiers. METHODS: The sample consisted of 30 436 new soldier recruits in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience (Army STARRS). Generalized linear models were constructed, and additive interactions between childhood maltreatment profiles and level of 12-month stressful experiences on the risk of 30-day MDE and GAD were analyzed...
April 26, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441099/the-comprehensive-female-soldier-support-model
#6
Daniel L Roberts, Joann Kovacich, Melvin J Rivers
Women represent a small minority in the U.S. military and an even smaller minority in the military chaplaincy. Prior to this study, the U.S. Army chaplaincy did not have a gender-specific model for providing support to women soldiers. In this Delphi research project, wounded women soldiers and female military chaplains provided expert opinions to develop the comprehensive female soldier support model (CFS2). Ten military women and 11 female chaplains who had been deployed overseas contributed to the body of knowledge related to the understanding of the emotional and spiritual support needs of wounded female soldiers...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439383/the-association-between-quality-of-sleep-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-military-and-non-military-women-in-tehran-iran
#7
Narges Roustaei, Hajar Jamali, Mohammad Reza Jamali, Pegah Nourshargh, Jamshid Jamali
OBJECTIVES: Quality of sleep (QoS) in individuals is affected by their occupation and is one of the factors affecting the quality of life (QoL). Few studies have evaluated the relationship between QoS and QoL in military women personnel. The aim of this study was to assess QoL and QoS, and compare their relationship among military and non-military women in Tehran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 90 women working in Tehran during 2014, 30 were military forces, 30 were military staff, and 30 were civilian organizations staff...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438352/burns-to-the-genitalia-perineum-and-buttocks-increase-the-risk-of-death-among-u-s-service-members-sustaining-combat-related-burns-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#8
Michael S Clemens, Judson C Janak, Julie A Rizzo, John C Graybill, Michelle F Buehner, Steven J Hudak, Charles K Thompson, Kevin K Chung
PURPOSE: Among service members injured in Iraq and Afghanistan, to determine the risk of mortality associated with combat-related burns to the genitalia, perineum, and buttocks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospectively maintained burn registry from the United States Army Institute of Surgical Research was retrospectively reviewed to identify all service members with combat-related burns sustained in Iraq and Afghanistan from March 2003 to October 2013. The two primary risk factors of interest were (1) any burn to the genitals, perineum, and/or buttocks (PB) and (2) burns involving the entire perineal, genital, and buttock region (complete PB)...
April 21, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437713/reference-intervals-for-serum-24-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d-and-the-ratio-with-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-established-using-a-newly-developed-lc-ms-ms-method
#9
Jonathan C Y Tang, Holly Nicholls, Isabelle Piec, Christopher J Washbourne, John J Dutton, Sarah Jackson, Julie Greeves, William D Fraser
24,25(OH)2D is the product of 25(OH)D catabolism by CYP24A1. The measurement of serum 24,25(OH)2D concentration may serve as an indicator of vitamin D catabolic status and the relative ratio with 25(OH)D can be used to identify patients with inactivating mutations in CYP24A1. We describe a LC-MS/MS method to determine: (1) the relationships between serum 24,25(OH)2D and 25(OH)D; (2) serum reference intervals in healthy individuals; (3) the diagnostic accuracy of 24,25(OH)2D measurement as an indicator for vitamin D status; 4) 24,25(OH)2D cut-off value for clinically significant change between inadequate and sufficient 25(OH)D status...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428858/genetic-diversity-and-spatial-structure-of-the-rufous-throated-antbird-gymnopithys-rufigula-an-amazonian-obligate-army-ant-follower
#10
Juliana Menger, Klaus Henle, William E Magnusson, Antonella Soro, Martin Husemann, Martin Schlegel
Amazonian understory antbirds are thought to be relatively sedentary and to have limited dispersal ability; they avoid crossing forest gaps, and even narrow roads through a forest may limit their territories. However, most evidence for sedentariness in antbirds comes from field observations and plot-based recapture of adult individuals, which do not provide evidence for lack of genetic dispersal, as this often occurs through juveniles. In this study, we used microsatellite markers and mitochondrial control-region sequences to investigate contemporary and infer historical patterns of genetic diversity and structure of the Rufous-throated Antbird (Gymnopithys rufigula) within and between two large reserves in central Amazonia...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422863/risk-factors-and-prognosis-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#11
Li Ma, Zhongguang Wen
Malignant tumors are often complicated with venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (PE), particularly in lung cancer. However, owing to the limited data regarding the clinical course about PE in lung cancer patients, the aim of this study is to analyze the risk factors and prognosis of patients with PE and lung cancer. We performed a retrospective case-control study, the clinical data of 90 patients in the First Affiliated Hospital of People's Liberation Army General Hospital between Jan 2010 and Jan 2015 were analyzed, including 30 lung cancer patients with PE (PE group), 60 lung cancer patients without PE (non-PE group), treated during the same period...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422576/mechanisms-of-action-contributing-to-reductions-in-suicide-attempts-following-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-military-personnel-a-test-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#12
Craig J Bryan, David S Wood, Alexis May, Alan L Peterson, Evelyn Wertenberger, M David Rudd
Brief cognitive behavioral therapy (BCBT) is associated with significant reductions in suicide attempts among military personnel. However, the underlying mechanisms of action contributing to reductions in suicide attempts in effective psychological treatments remain largely unknown. The present study conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of BCBT versus treatment as usual (TAU) to examine the mechanisms of action hypothesized by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPT): perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and fearlessness about death...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421475/association-of-white-and-red-meat-consumption-with-general-and-abdominal-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-a-population-of-iranian-military-families-in-2016
#13
Arasb Dabbagh-Moghadam, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Morteza Nasiri, Ali Miri, Maliehe Rahdar, Omid Sadeghi
PURPOSE: To assess the association of red and white meat consumption with general and abdominal obesity among Iranian military families. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 525 subjects with age range of 19-55 years belong to military families of Army of Islamic Republic of Iran were recruited during 2016. Dietary data were collected using semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. A self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data on demographic characteristics and anthropometric measurements...
April 18, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419202/genomic-characterization-of-usa300-mrsa-to-evaluate-intraclass-transmission-and-recurrence-of-ssti-among-high-risk-military-trainees
#14
Eugene V Millar, Gregory K Rice, Emad M Elassal, Carey D Schlett, Jason W Bennett, Cassie L Redden, Deepika Mor, Natasha N Law, David R Tribble, Theron Hamilton, Michael W Ellis, Kimberly A Bishop-Lilly
Background.: Military trainees are at increased risk for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). Whole genome sequencing (WGS) can refine our understanding of MRSA transmission and microevolution in congregate settings. Methods.: We conducted a prospective case-control study of SSTI among US Army Infantry trainees at Fort Benning, GA from July 2012-December 2014. We identified clusters of USA300 MRSA SSTI within select training classes and performed WGS on clinical isolates...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418775/research-101-an-initiative-to-encourage-and-facilitate-quality-resident-research-in-a-military-setting
#15
Kathryn E Marshall, Tanisha L Hammill
Objective Describe and evaluate a structured research program initiated at a tertiary Department of Defense (DOD) Medical Training Facility (MTF) to encourage and facilitate the conduct of research investigations, specifically among residents and junior or inexperienced investigators, but applicable for all DOD otolaryngology (ENT) and audiology providers. Methods A new comprehensive program was deployed in the ENT clinic at Madigan Army Medical Center (MAMC) to help improve the research program. Identified gaps in research methods and regulatory training were incorporated into the existing graduate medical education program along with structured mentorship between residents and senior staff...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412888/postdeployment-behavioral-health-screens-and-linkage-to-the-veterans-health-administration-for-army-reserve-component-members
#16
Megan E Vanneman, Alex H S Harris, Cheng Chen, Rachel Sayko Adams, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
OBJECTIVE: Approximately three to six months after returning from deployment, military service members complete the Post-Deployment Health Reassessment (PDHRA), which includes screens for alcohol misuse, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). To determine whether Army Reserve Component (RC) members (Army National Guard and Army Reserve) with positive screening scores on the PDHRA receive needed care, the investigators examined the association between positive scores and enrollment and utilization of care ("linkage") in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), as well as rescreening scores, diagnosis, and behavioral treatment in VHA...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412826/prevalence-of-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-htlv-1-infection-in-patients-with-hematologic-disorders-and-non-hematologic-malignancies-in-a-tertiary-referral-hospital
#17
Hasan Jalaeikhoo, Mosayeb Soleymani, Mohsen Rajaeinejad, Manoutchehr Keyhani
BACKGROUND: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was the first retrovirus identified in human. The current evidence is quite scarce regarding the potential role of HTLV-1 in pathogenesis of hematologic disorders and non-hematologic malignancies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in patients with hematologic disorders and non-hematologic malignancies. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 505 cases of definite diagnosis of hematologic disorders including malignancies as well as non-malignant disorders such as polycythemia and myelofibrosis and non-hematologic malignancies referred to the hematology and medical oncology ward at Army Hospital 501 from January 2015 to January 2016...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406404/risk-of-daytime-transmission-of-malaria-in-the-french-guiana-rain-forest
#18
V Pommier de Santi, I Dusfour, E de Parseval, B Lespinet, C Nguyen, P Gaborit, R Carinci, G Hyvert, R Girod, S Briolant
Between 2008 and 2014, there were 1070 malaria cases reported in French Guiana among members of the armed forces. Most of the malaria outbreaks investigated were multifactorial and followed missions conducted at illegal gold mining sites. For example, a malaria outbreak occurred in September 2013, three weeks after the deployment of 15 soldiers at Dagobert, which is such a site. The attack rate was 53%, with seven Plasmodium vivax infections and one coinfection with both Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404667/distinct-clinical-characteristics-of-atypical-optic-neuritis-with-seronegative-aquaporin-4-antibody-among-chinese-patients
#19
Huanfen Zhou, Quangang Xu, Shuo Zhao, Wei Wang, Junqing Wang, Zhiye Chen, Dahe Lin, Xiaoming Li, Chunxia Peng, Nanping Ai, Shihui Wei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features and prognosis of atypical optic neuritis (ON) with seronegative aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody in Chinese patients. METHODS: All patients with first or relapsing ON were recruited from the Neuro-ophthalmology Department of the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2013 to December 2014 and assigned to one of three groups based on diagnosis: atypical ON, typical ON and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD)-ON...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403029/secular-trends-in-the-physical-fitness-of-united-states-army-recruits-on-entry-to-service-1975-2013
#20
Joseph Knapik, Marilyn Sharp, Ryan A Steelman
A systematic literature search was conducted to identify and analyze articles that reported on physical fitness of new United States (US) Army recruits. The National Library of Medicine's PubMed and the Defense Technical Information Center, were searched using the keywords {military personnel OR trainee OR recruit OR soldier} AND {physical fitness OR strength OR endurance OR flexibility OR balance OR coordination OR muscle contraction OR running OR exercise OR physical conditioning}. Reference lists of obtained articles and contact with authors enhanced the search...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
keyword
keyword
12414
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"