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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221524/leishmaniasis-who-uses-personal-protection-among-military-personnel-in-colombia
#1
Aida M González, María Teresa Solís-Soto, Katja Radon
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is common in Colombia, negatively affecting the health of military personnel active in endemic areas. The disease is transmitted by sand fly bites. Therefore, during duty, use of long-sleeved uniforms and other clothes treated with permethrin and application of mosquito repellent are important personal preventive measures. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess personal and occupational factors associated with the use of personal protection in male soldiers deployed to Leishmaniasis-endemic areas...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219671/idiopathic-retroperitoneal-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-study-of-142-chinese-patients
#2
S Liao, Y Wang, K Li, J Zhu, J Zhang, F Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological, clinicolaboratory, imaging, and therapeutic characteristics of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (iRPF) in China. METHOD: All patients presenting to the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 1996 to July 2016 diagnosed with iRPF were included. Data were collected from medical records and the smoking index was calculated. Scheel radiological classification was used to assess the extent of soft-tissue density...
December 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217375/preliminary-aggregate-safety-and-immunogenicity-results-from-three-trials-of-a-purified-inactivated-zika-virus-vaccine-candidate-phase-1-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trials
#3
Kayvon Modjarrad, Leyi Lin, Sarah L George, Kathryn E Stephenson, Kenneth H Eckels, Rafael A De La Barrera, Richard G Jarman, Erica Sondergaard, Janice Tennant, Jessica L Ansel, Kristin Mills, Michael Koren, Merlin L Robb, Jill Barrett, Jason Thompson, Alison E Kosel, Peter Dawson, Andrew Hale, C Sabrina Tan, Stephen R Walsh, Keith E Meyer, James Brien, Trevor A Crowell, Azra Blazevic, Karla Mosby, Rafael A Larocca, Peter Abbink, Michael Boyd, Christine A Bricault, Michael S Seaman, Anne Basil, Melissa Walsh, Veronica Tonwe, Daniel F Hoft, Stephen J Thomas, Dan H Barouch, Nelson L Michael
BACKGROUND: A safe, effective, and rapidly scalable vaccine against Zika virus infection is needed. We developed a purified formalin-inactivated Zika virus vaccine (ZPIV) candidate that showed protection in mice and non-human primates against viraemia after Zika virus challenge. Here we present the preliminary results in human beings. METHODS: We did three phase 1, placebo-controlled, double-blind trials of ZPIV with aluminium hydroxide adjuvant. In all three studies, healthy adults were randomly assigned by a computer-generated list to receive 5 μg ZPIV or saline placebo, in a ratio of 4:1 at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA, or of 5:1 at Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, USA, and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA...
December 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214627/a-12-month-descriptive-analysis-of-emergency-intubations-at-brooke-army-medical-center-a-national-emergency-airway-registry-study
#4
Michael D April, Steven G Schauer, Calvin A Brown Rd, Patrick C Ng, Jessie Fernandez, Andrea E Fantegrossi, Joseph K Maddry, Shane Summers, Daniel J Sessions, Robert M Barnwell, Mark Antonacci
Emergency airway management is a critical skill for military healthcare providers. Our goal was to describe the Emergency Department (ED) intubations at Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) over a 12-month period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Physicians performing endotracheal intubations in the BAMC ED complete data collection forms for each intubation event as part of the National Emergency Airway Registry, including patient demographics, intubation techniques, success and failure rates, adverse events, and patient disposition...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214624/effects-of-technique-focused-training-in-conjunction-with-physical-readiness-training-on-army-physical-fitness-test-performance
#5
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Norman W Gill, Scott W Shaffer
The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) is a semiannual requirement. While conducting physical readiness training (PRT) is a requirement for all Soldiers, there is no requirement to train Soldiers on techniques that may help to optimize their performance on the APFT. A cohort of 34 officers that attended the Army Medical Department Basic Officer Leadership Course completed a technique-focused training program in conjunction with their required PRT program subsequent to failing one or more events on their initial APFT...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#6
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212602/a-randomized-cross-over-study-comparing-surgical-cricothyrotomy-techniques-by-combat-medics-using-a-synthetic-cadaver-model
#7
Steven G Schauer, Jessie Renee D Fernandez, Jamie L Roper, Derek Brown, Kristine L Jeffers, Jonathan Srichandra, Neil B Davids, Michael D April
OBJECTIVE: Cricothyrotomy is a complex procedure with a high rate of complications including failure to cannulate and injury to adjacent anatomy. The Control-Cric™ System and QuickTrach II™ represent two novel devices designed to optimize success and minimize complications with this procedure. This study compares these two devices against a standard open surgical technique. METHODS: We conducted a randomized crossover study of United States Army combat medics using a synthetic cadaver model...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212234/development-and-validation-of-a-prognostic-nomogram-for-iga-nephropathy
#8
Jian Liu, Shuwei Duan, Pu Chen, Guangyan Cai, Yong Wang, Li Tang, Shuwen Liu, Jianhui Zhou, Di Wu, Wanjun Shen, Xiangmei Chen, Jie Wu
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) shows strong heterogeneity between individuals. IgAN prognosis is associated with pathological lesions and clinical indicators. However, simple tools for evaluating the clinical prognosis remain inadequate. Our objective was to develop an intuitive estimation tool for predicting the IgAN prognosis. 349 patients with IgAN at The Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from data between 2000 and 2006. A nomogram was developed using COX regression coefficients to predict decline of estimate Glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 50% and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211492/incidence-and-burden-of-gynecologic-disorders-active-component-service-women-u-s-armed-forces-2012-2016
#9
Shauna Stahlman, Valerie F Williams, Stephen B Taubman
This report describes the incidence, burden, and co-occurrence of four common gynecologic disorders among active component service women during 2012-2016. Overall incidence rates were highest for menorrhagia (100.9 per 10,000 person-years [p-yrs]), followed by uterine fibroids (63.2 per 10,000 p-yrs), endometriosis (30.8 per 10,000 p-yrs), and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS, 25.3 per 10,000 p-yrs). Annual incidence rates and medical encounters for menorrhagia decreased by roughly 50% from 2012 through 2015, and then increased slightly in 2016...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211489/pregnancies-and-live-births-active-component-service-women-u-s-armed-forces-2012-2016
#10
Shauna Stahlman, Catherine T Witkop, Leslie L Clark, Stephen B Taubman
This report summarizes data on the demographic and military characteristics of women and women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) in the active component of the U.S. Armed Forces during 2012-2016. Data on pregnancy-related care and birth rates are also presented. In 2016, WOCBP comprised the vast majority of active component service women. The largest proportions of WOCBP were in the categories of women who were 20-24 years old, non-Hispanic white, junior enlisted rank, and in a communications/intelligence occupation...
November 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211039/association-of-social-support-and-medication-adherence-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Linni Gu, Shaomin Wu, Shuliang Zhao, Huixuan Zhou, Shengfa Zhang, Min Gao, Zhiyong Qu, Weijun Zhang, Donghua Tian
The prevalence of diabetes is steadily increasing in China. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it generates dire consequences for health and well-being. Numerous studies have shown that health outcomes were associated with social support and medication adherence. Previous study confirmed that social support was associated with medication adherence in patients with heart failure, HIV diseases, and first-episode psychosis. However, the relationship between social support and medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is remains unclear...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200312/levels-of-circulating-cortisol-and-cytokines-in-members-of-the-canadian-armed-forces-associations-with-age-sex-and-anthropometry
#12
Hans Christian Tingelstad, Lionel G Filion, Julie Martin, Michael Spivock, Vera Tang, François Haman
OBJECTIVE: To assess blood levels of cortisol and cytokines (inflammatory and non-inflammatory) in members of the regular Canadian Armed Forces (CAF), and examine the associations between sex, age and adiposity and circulating levels of cortisol as well as pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. METHODS: As part of a larger ranging project, 331 blood samples were collected from a representative population of the total CAF, which included officers and non-commissioned women and men from the Air Force, Navy and Army...
December 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199924/longitudinal-associations-among-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-traumatic-brain-injury-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-army-soldiers-deployed-to-the-iraq-war
#13
Jennifer J Vasterling, Mihaela Aslan, Lewina O Lee, Susan P Proctor, John Ko, Shawna Jacob, John Concato
OBJECTIVES: Military deployment is associated with increased risk of adverse emotional and cognitive outcomes. Longitudinal associations involving posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), and neurocognitive compromise are poorly understood, especially with regard to long-term outcomes, and rigorous research is necessary to better understand the corresponding relationships. The objective of this study was to examine short-term and long-term (>5 years) longitudinal associations among PTSD, neurocognitive performance, and TBI following military deployment...
December 4, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199788/adaptive-thermogenesis-and-changes-in-body-composition-and-physical-fitness-in-army-cadets
#14
Juliano H Borges, Gary R Hunter, Analiza M Silva, Vagner X Cirolini, Raquel D Langer, Mauro A Páscoa, Gil Guerra, Ezequiel M Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association between a 34-week military training on body composition, physical fitness and compensatory changes in resting energy expenditure (REE) recognized as adaptive thermogenesis (AT). We also explored if regional body composition changes were related to AT. METHODS: Twenty-nine male army cadets, aged 17 to 22 years were tested at baseline (T0) and after 34-weeks military training (T1). Physical training was performed 5 days/week during 90 minutes/day...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182493/japan-s-2014-general-election-political-bots-right-wing-internet-activism-and-prime-minister-shinz%C3%A5-abe-s-hidden-nationalist-agenda
#15
Fabian Schäfer, Stefan Evert, Philipp Heinrich
In this article, we present results on the identification and behavioral analysis of social bots in a sample of 542,584 Tweets, collected before and after Japan's 2014 general election. Typical forms of bot activity include massive Retweeting and repeated posting of (nearly) the same message, sometimes used in combination. We focus on the second method and present (1) a case study on several patterns of bot activity, (2) methodological considerations on the automatic identification of such patterns and the prerequisite near-duplicate detection, and (3) we give qualitative insights into the purposes behind the usage of social/political bots...
November 28, 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181261/functional-outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopy-in-an-active-duty-military-population-utilizing-a-criterion-based-early-weight-bearing-progression
#16
K Aaron Shaw, Jeremy M Jacobs, J Richard Evanson, Josh Pniewski, Michelle L Dickston, Terry Mueller, John A Bojescul
Introduction: Hip arthroscopy allows surgeons to address intra-articular pathology of the hip while avoiding more invasive open surgical dislocation. However the post-operative rehabilitation protocols have varied greatly in the literature, with many having prolonged periods of limited motion and weight bearing. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a criterion-based early weight bearing protocol following hip arthroscopy and investigate functional outcomes in the subjects who were active duty military...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179280/-prognostic-value-of-right-ventricular-tei-index-and-cardiac-markers-in-sepsis
#17
Y D Li, Y P Wang, Z Q Li, X Zhou
Objective: To investigate the risk factors of death in patients with sepsis. Methods: From August 2014 to August 2016, 58 patients suffering sepsis in intensive care unit (ICU) of the People's Liberation Army 105 Hospital were prospectively analyzed.All patients were divided into survival group (n=39) and death group (n=19). The patients' gender, age, past medical history, acute physiology and chronic health system Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ), Sequential organ failure assessment(SOFA) score, B-type natriuretic peptide, lactate, procalcitonin, left ventricle EF%, right ventricle Tei index were measured within 24 h after admission in ICU...
November 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176004/musculoskeletal-injuries-in-british-army-recruits-a-prospective-study-of-incidence-in-different-infantry-regiments
#18
Jagannath Sharma, J Dixon, S Dalal, R Heagerty, I Spears
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries and attrition incurred during basic military training are a significant socioeconomic burden across many Defence Forces. In order to plan an injury prevention strategy, the purpose of this study was to quantify the regiment-specific musculoskeletal injury patterns and training outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of the Parachute (n=734), Guards (n=1044), Line (n=3472) and Gurkha (n=458) Regiments of the British Army recruits during a 26-week basic military training programme over a 2-year period...
November 24, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172563/examining-the-impact-of-behavioral-health-encounter-dose-and-frequency-on-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-active-duty-service-members
#19
Tim Hoyt, Amanda Edwards-Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Several factors may influence the standardized delivery and frequency of behavioral health encounters for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in active duty military settings, potentially impacting the effectiveness of care. This retrospective analysis evaluated the course of treatment among 884 active duty Army service members in routine outpatient care. METHOD: Patients were included in the analysis based on a screening score of 50 or higher on the PTSD Checklist (PCL-C) at intake...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171862/deployment-related-military-sexual-trauma-predicts-heavy-drinking-and-alcohol-problems-among-male-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers
#20
Jennifer Fillo, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military sexual trauma (MST) is associated with a range of deleterious mental and physical health consequences; however, far less attention has been paid to the associations between MST and negative health behaviors, such as substance abuse. This study examined 2 focal research questions: (i) What is the prevalence of experiencing MST during deployment among male Reserve and National Guard soldiers? and (ii) to what extent is the degree of MST exposure during deployment associated with frequent heavy drinking and alcohol problems postdeployment? METHODS: Data from male soldiers who had been deployed (N = 248) were drawn from the baseline wave of Operation: SAFETY (Soldiers And Families Excelling Through the Years) an ongoing study examining health among U...
November 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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