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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650408/objective-effects-of-breast-reduction-surgery-on-physical-fitness
#1
Jennifer A Knox, D Alan Nelson, Kerry P Latham, Lianne M Kurina
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammaplasty is known for excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. Although patients report improvements in pain, weight loss, and exercise levels, objective data on physical fitness benefits are limited. METHODS: Using the Stanford Military Data Repository, we identified 89 US Army active duty women with at least 1 pre- and postoperative Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) who underwent reduction mammaplasty during 2011 to 2014. We used paired t tests to compare pre- and postoperative APFT score means and raw values for push-ups, sit-ups, and the 2-mile run...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649921/leader-trust-competence-lmx-and-member-performance
#2
Gukdo Byun, Ye Dai, Soojin Lee, Seungwan Kang
Based on social exchange theory, this study examines the influence of leaders' trusting behavior and competence in in-role activities on members' perceived leader-member exchange (LMX) relationships. Our study proposes that a leader's trust in a member contributes to the member's perceived LMX, and that the leader's competence in in-role activities moderates this relationship. Furthermore, our study suggests that perceived LMX mediates the relationship between the leader's trust and members' task performance...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649331/novel-approach-to-heritability-detection-suggests-robustness-to-paternal-genotype-in-a-complex-morphological-trait
#3
Max E Winston, Andrea Thompson, Gabriel Trujillo, Andrew T Burchill, Corrie S Moreau
Heritable variation is essential for evolution by natural selection. In Neotropical army ants, the ecological role of a given species is linked intimately to the morphological variation within the sterile worker caste. Furthermore, the army ant Eciton burchellii is highly polyandrous, presenting a unique opportunity to explore heritability of morphological traits among related workers sharing the same colonial environment. In order to exploit the features of this organismal system, we generated a large genetic and morphological dataset and applied our new method that employs geometric morphometrics (GM) to detect the heritability of complex morphological traits...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647957/-long-term-effectiveness-of-transvaginal-high-uterosacral-ligament-suspension
#4
L Duan, Y X Lu, W J Shen, X Liu, J X Liu, Y H Zhang, J Ge, Y Zhao, K Niu, W Y Wang
Objective: To assess the long-term effectiveness of the transvaginal high uterosacral ligament suspension (HUS) in women suffering from advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods: A retrospective review of records identified 118 women who underwent transvaginal HUS with or without additional concomitant anterior and (or) posterior repairs from June 2003 to August 2009 in the First Affiliated Hospital, General Hospital of People's Liberation Army. Of 118 women, 104 women completed the follow-up during study period; these 104 women were analysed...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647465/french-registry-on-acute-st-elevation-and-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-2015-fast-mi-2015-design-and-baseline-data
#5
Loïc Belle, Guillaume Cayla, Yves Cottin, Pierre Coste, Khalife Khalife, Jean-Noël Labèque, Bruno Farah, Thibaut Perret, Patrick Goldstein, Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud, François Braun, Jacques Gauthier, Martine Gilard, Jean-Yves Le Heuzey, Nicolas Naccache, Elodie Drouet, Vincent Bataille, Jean Ferrières, Etienne Puymirat, François Schiele, Tabassome Simon, Nicolas Danchin
BACKGROUND: The FAST-MI programme, consisting of 1-month surveys of patients admitted to hospital for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in France, has run since 2005. AIM: To gather data on the characteristics, management and outcomes of patients hospitalized for AMI at the end of 2015 in France and to provide comparisons with the previous surveys. METHODS: Consecutive adults with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with symptom onset≤48hours were included over a 1-month period, with a possible extension of recruitment for 1 additional month...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640037/epidemiology-of-major-depressive-disorder-disability-in-the-us-military-fy-2007-2012
#6
Elizabeth R Packnett, Hoda Elmasry, Christine F Toolin, David N Cowan, Michael R Boivin
This study assesses the incidence of major depressive disorder (MDD) disability discharge and retirement in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force and describes MDD comorbidity. Service members with a disability discharge for either MDD (n = 2,882) or any nonpsychiatric disability (n = 56,145), between fiscal years 2007 and 2012, were included in the study population. Those with MDD disability at first evaluation but not at last evaluation were excluded. The incidence of MDD disability discharge increased significantly in the Army and Air Force between fiscal years 2007 and 2012...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634531/smallpox-vaccination-an-early-start-of-modern-medicine-in-america
#7
Dan Liebowitz
Smallpox was eradicated by the World Health Organization in 1980. Before its eradication thedisease had a mortality rate upwards of 50% and had a significant impact on society. During theAmerican Revolutionary war, smallpox outbreaks were impeding the American war effort until1777 when George Washington carried out a mass inoculation campaign in the ContinentalArmy that reduced the mortality from smallpox to less than 2%. Inoculation was an early formof vaccination that used live virus from active pustules to induce a milder, but still sometimesdeadly, case of disease...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631262/lifetime-suicidal-behaviors-and-career-characteristics-among-u-s-army-soldiers-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#8
Alexander J Millner, Robert J Ursano, Irving Hwang, Andrew J King, James A Naifeh, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Murray B Stein, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock
The current report presents data on lifetime prevalence of suicide ideation and nonfatal attempts as reported by the large representative sample of U.S. Army soldiers who participated in the Consolidated All-Army Survey of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (N = 29,982). We also examine associations of key Army career characteristics with these outcomes. Prevalence estimates for lifetime suicide ideation are 12.7% among men and 20.1% among women, and for lifetime suicide attempts are 2...
June 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630160/listeriolysin-o-from-bazooka-to-swiss-army-knife
#9
REVIEW
Suzanne E Osborne, John H Brumell
Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is a Gram-positive facultative intracellular pathogen. Infections in humans can lead to listeriosis, a systemic disease with a high mortality rate. One important mechanism of Lm dissemination involves cell-to-cell spread after bacteria have entered the cytosol of host cells. Listeriolysin O (LLO; encoded by the hly gene) is a virulence factor present in Lm that plays a central role in the cell-to-cell spread process. LLO is a member of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family of toxins that were initially thought to promote disease largely by inducing cell death and tissue destruction-essentially acting like a 'bazooka'...
August 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628764/psychiatric-disorders-moderate-the-relationship-between-insomnia-and-cognitive-problems-in-military-soldiers
#10
Janeese A Brownlow, Elizabeth A Klingaman, Elaine M Boland, Glenna S Brewster, Philip R Gehrman
BACKGROUND: There has been a great deal of research on the comorbidity of insomnia and psychiatric disorders, but much of the existing data is based on small samples and does not assess the full diagnostic criteria for each disorder. Further, the exact nature of the relationship between these conditions and their impact on cognitive problems are under-researched in military samples. METHOD: Data were collected from the All Army Study of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members (unweighted N = 21, 449; weighted N = 674,335; 18-61 years; 13...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624394/reduced-foraging-investment-as-an-adaptation-to-patchy-food-sources-a-phasic-army-ant-simulation
#11
Serafino Teseo, Francesco Delloro
Colonies of several ant species within the subfamily Dorylinae alternate stereotypical discrete phases of foraging and reproduction. Such phasic cycles are thought to be adaptive because they minimize the amount of foraging and the related costs, and at the same time enhance the colony-level ability to rely on patchily distributed food sources. In order to investigate these hypotheses, we use here a simple computational approach to study the population dynamics of two species of virtual ant colonies that differ quantitatively in their foraging investment...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623224/ten-minute-chat
#12
(no author information available yet)
Claire explains more about what being an Army Reservist means.
June 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623223/inspired-by-the-army
#13
(no author information available yet)
Claire Scott likes to meet people with similar interests - people who like keeping fit, being outside and laughing loudly. Being an Army Reservist offers her this chance.
June 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609760/epidemiology-of-acne-vulgaris-in-18-year-old-male-army-conscripts-in-a-south-brazilian-city
#14
Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Hiram de Almeida, Paulo Ricardo Martins Souza, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Christos C Zouboulis
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of acne varies worldwide. Several factors (age, skin color, body fat, diet, and smoking) have been investigated as risk factors. OBJECTIVE: A total of 2,201 18-year-old males living in Pelotas, South Brazil, were evaluated in order to examine the prevalence of acne and associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted. A dermatologist performed the clinical examination of the face and trunk for identification of acne lesions...
June 14, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604270/association-between-exposure-to-o-chlorobenzylidene-malononitrile-cs-riot-control-agent-and-urinary-metabolite-2-chlorohippuric-acid-in-u-s-army-mask-confidence-training
#15
Maccon A Buchanan, Joseph J Hout, William Bragg, Alex Stubner, Mary Brueggemeyer
This study was conducted among U.S. Army soldiers to evaluate the association between exposure to o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS riot control agent) and urinary metabolite 2-chlorohippuric acid (CHA) detected in test subjects (n = 87) after completion of Mask Confidence Training. CS exposures ranged 0.086 - 4.9 mg/m³ ([Formula: see text] = 2.7 mg/m³). CHA levels (corrected for creatinine) at 2, 8, 24, and 30 hours post-exposure resulted in ranges of 94.6 - 1120 μg/g-cr ([Formula: see text] = 389 μg/g-cr), 15...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601204/battlefield-analgesia-in-tactical-combat-casualty-care
#16
REVIEW
Ian S Wedmore, Frank K Butler
At the start of the Afghanistan conflict, battlefield analgesia for US military casualties was achieved primarily through the use of intramuscular (IM) morphine. This is a suboptimal choice, since IM morphine is slow-acting, leading to delays in effective pain relief and the risk of overdose and death when dosing is repeated in order to hasten the onset of analgesia. Advances in battlefield analgesia, pioneered initially by Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC), and the Army's 75th Ranger Regiment, have now been incorporated into the Triple-Option Analgesia approach...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599045/stress-fractures-etiology-epidemiology-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention
#17
Joseph J Knapik, Katy Reynolds, Kyle L Hoedebecke
Stress fractures are part of a continuum of changes in healthy bones in response to repeated mechanical deformation from physical activity. If the activity produces excessive repetitive stress, osteoclastic processes in the bone may proceed at a faster pace than osteoblastic processes, thus weakening the bone and augmenting susceptibility to stress fractures. Overall stress fracture incidence is about three cases per 1,000 in active duty Servicemembers, but it is much higher among Army basic trainees: 19 per 1,000 for men and 80 per 1,000 for women...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599039/manikin-human-patient-simulator-training
#18
Gregory T Horn
BACKGROUND: Human-patient simulators (HPSs) may help enhance medical education. Manikin HPS devices respond to common field medical interventions, such as cricothyroidotomy, and have realistic feedback features, such as respirations and pulses. This study surveys Special Operations Medics for evaluations of HPS features. METHODS: Of 518 subjects, 376 completed testing and surveys with valid responses. A total of 102 variables were divided into three categories-general characteristics, procedures, and injuries-and assessed on a fivepoint Likert scale...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599034/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-two-arm-clinical-study-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-bioelectric-dressing-system-for-blister-management-in-us-army-ranger-recruits
#19
Greggory J Housler, Sue Cross, Vanessa Marcel, Daniel O Kennedy, Michael Husband, Andrew Register, Thomas Roberts, Seth Grubbs, Douglas Dudewicz, Nathan Setka, Curt Bay, Martin E Wendelken, Mina J Izadjoo
This study focused on a clinically relevant healthcare problem in the military: acute soft tissue wounds, or blisters. The trial was a prospective, controlled, randomized two-arm study evaluating the efficacy of a bioelectric dressing, Procellera®, applied topically two to three times per week for 2 weeks to blisters developed in Ranger trainees during training at Fort Benning, Georgia. A total of 80 US Army Ranger recruits with blister wounds below the knee were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (n = 40/group)...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597959/nonlinear-change-processes-during-psychotherapy-characterize-patients-who-have-made-multiple-suicide-attempts
#20
Craig J Bryan, M David Rudd
Research suggests that multiple suicide attempters experience considerable variability in suicide ideation and longer-duration suicidal crises, which suggests the possibility of two states of stability (one low risk and one high risk). To date, however, few studies have examined nonlinear change processes in suicide ideation among patients. In a sample of 76 active duty U.S. Army soldiers receiving brief cognitive behavioral therapy for acute suicide risk, we examined differences in the ebb and flow of suicide ideation among multiple attempters, first-time attempters, and ideators...
June 9, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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