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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901771/preparedness-evaluation-of-french-military-orthopedic-surgeons-before-deployment
#1
Camille Choufani, Olivier Barbier, Aurélie Mayet, Sylvain Rigal, Laurent Mathieu
Introduction: A deployed military orthopedic surgeon is a trauma surgeon working in austere conditions. The first aim of this study was to analyze the current activity of French military orthopedic surgeons in the field and to identify the differences of the combat zone with their daily practice. The second aim was to assess the adequacy of the preparedness they received before their deployment and to identify additional needs that could be addressed in future training. Methods: An evaluation survey was sent to all French military orthopedic surgeons deployed in theaters of operations between 2004 and 2014...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901722/genitourinary-surgical-workload-at-deployed-u-s-facilities-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-2002-2016
#2
Caryn A Turner, Jean A Orman, Zsolt T Stockinger, Steven J Hudak
Introduction: Genitourinary surgery constitutes approximately 1.15% of procedures performed for combat injuries. During forward deployment, surgeons usually deploy without urology support. To better understand the training and skills maintenance needs for genitourinary procedures by describing in detail the genitourinary surgical workload during 15 years of combat operations and compare our findings with those from previously published articles. Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) was performed for all Roles 2 and 3 medical treatment facilities in Iraq and Afghanistan, from January 2002 to May 2016...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897473/return-to-duty-practices-of-army-behavioral-health-providers-in-garrison
#3
Coleen Crouch, Justin M Curley, Jamie T Carreno, Joshua E Wilk
Introduction: While combat readiness is a top priority for the U.S. Army, there is concern that behavioral health (BH) return to duty (RTD) practices may under-represent the number of soldiers available for deployment. Profiling, the official administrative process by which medical duty limitations are communicated to commanders, was recently found to be significantly under-reporting BH readiness levels in one Army Division. This is a safety issue in addition to a readiness problem, and underscores the importance of better understanding RTD practices in order to offer solutions...
June 11, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895140/professor-andrzej-jakli%C3%A5-ski-in-his-student-s-memoirs
#4
Wojciech Chagowski
The author attempts to present Professor Jakliński paying particular attention to what created such a great personality of Polish forensic medicine. Professor Andrzej Jakliński grew up in difficult times, which required a lot of sacrifice, even self-sacrifice and making choices that not always depended on him. That is why this article focuses on Professor Jakliński's childhood and adolescence, his escape from the Russian occupation zone to the German General Government, as well as the battles which he fought within the structures of the Home Army against the Germans and the incident that determined his life and brought him to Lublin...
2018: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893774/deployment-and-preterm-birth-among-us-army-soldiers
#5
Steven S Coughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889955/special-operations-force-risk-reduction-integration-of-expeditionary-surgical-and-resuscitation-teams
#6
Steven Satterly, Owen McGrane, Thomas Frawley, William Bynum, John Martin, Charles Clegg, Nate Pearsall, Sean Reilly, Eric Verwiebe, Matthew Eckert
Hemorrhage in the presurgical setting has been the most significant cause of death on the battlefield. Damage control surgery (DCS) near the point of injury (POI) is not a new concept, but having conventional medical teams supporting Special Operations Forces (SOF) beyond robust military medical infrastructure is unique for the US military. The Expeditionary Resuscitative Surgical Team (ERST) was formed by the US Army Medical Command as a pilot team to fulfill a request for forces to provide DCS and personnel recovery near POI...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889954/evaluation-of-the-us-army-special-forces-tactical-human-optimization-rapid-rehabilitation-and-reconditioning-program
#7
Tyson Grier, Morgan K Anderson, Patrick Depenbrock, Rob Eiserman, Bradley C Nindl, Bruce H Jones
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess the rehabilitation process, training, performance, and injury rates among those participating and not participating in the Tactical Human Optimization, Rapid Rehabilitation, and Reconditioning (THOR3) program and determine injury risk factors. METHODS: A survey inquiring about personal characteristics, injuries, physical performance, and THOR3 participation during the previous 12 months was administered to Army Special Operations Forces (SOF) Soldiers...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887654/persistent-social-networks-civil-war-veterans-who-fought-together-co-locate-in-later-life
#8
Dora L Costa, Matthew E Kahn, Christopher Roudiez, Sven Wilson
We demonstrate the long reach of early social ties in the location decision of individuals and in their older age mortality risk using data on Union Army veterans of the US Civil War (1861-5). We estimate discrete choice migration models to quantify the trade-offs across locations faced by veterans. Veterans were more likely to move to a neighborhood or county where men from their same war company lived and were more likely to move to such areas than to areas where other veterans were located. Veterans also were less likely to move far from their origin and avoided urban immigrant areas and high mortality risk areas...
May 2018: Regional Science and Urban Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886667/-postoperative-complications-and-survival-analysis-of-1-118-cases-of-open-splenectomy-and-azygoportal-disconnection-in-the-treatment-of-portal-hypertension
#9
R Z Qi, X Zhao, S Z Wang, K Zhang, Z Y Chang, X L Hu, M L Wu, P R Zhang, L X Yu, C H Xiao, X J Shi, Z W Li
Objective: To analyze the recent postoperative and long-term postoperative complications of open-splenectomy and disconnection in patients with portal hypertension. Methods: There were 1 118 cases with portal hypertension who underwent open splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection from April 2010 to September 2015 at Department of Surgery, People's Liberation Army 302 Hospital. Retrospective case investigation and telephone follow-up were conducted in October 2016. All patients had history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding before operation...
June 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886352/death-on-a-napoleonic-battlefield-peri-mortem-trauma-in-soldiers-from-the-battle-of-aspern-1809
#10
Michaela Binder, Leslie Quade
On the 21st -22nd of May1809 Napoleon Bonaparte saw his first major defeat on land at the Battle of Aspern, just north-east of Vienna. Of the 167,000 soldiers who fought for the French and Austrian armies, a total of 55,000 died on the battlefield. Salvage excavations prior to the construction of large urban development project (2008-2016) have revealed several burial sites related to the Battle of Aspern. The skeletal remains of 30 soldiers were excavated and underwent a detailed bioarchaeological study to elucidate both the impact of 19th-century military conditions on soldiers in life, as well as how they died on the battlefield...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885169/diagnostic-accuracy-study-of-internal-assessment-using-receiver-operator-characteristic-curve-analysis
#11
Khadija Qamar, Muhammad Alamgir Khan, Sadaf Saleem
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether internal assessment as a part of continuous assessment links to the outcome of the final summative assessment. METHODS: The diagnostic accuracy study was conducted at Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from November 2015 to July 2016, and comprised medical students of 2nd year. Different teaching methods used were interactive lectures, case-based sessions, demonstrations, small group discussions, skill lab and practicals. Other confounding factors were not considered...
May 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882382/savouring-as-a-moderator-of-the-combat-exposure-mental-health-symptoms-relationship
#12
Anton I Sytine, Thomas W Britt, Cynthia L S Pury, Patrick J Rosopa
Engaging in firefights or witnessing death and other types of combat experiences are occupational hazards associated with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and depression in military personnel returning from combat deployments. The present study examined savouring beliefs as a moderator of the relationship between combat exposure and mental health symptoms among U.S. Army soldiers deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom. Soldiers (N = 885) completed measures of combat exposure, savouring beliefs, PTSD, and depression...
June 7, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876390/data-set-from-the-union-army-samples-to-study-locational-choice-and-social-networks
#13
Dora L Costa, Matthew E Kahn, Christopher Roudiez, Sven Wilson
We describe the publicly available data created by the NIA funded Early Indicators program project, often referred to as the Union Army data, and the subset of these data used in "Persistent Social Networks: Civil War Veterans Who Fought Together Co-Locate in Later Life" (Costa et al., Forthcoming) [1]. This data subset can be used for reproducibility and extensions and also illustrates how the original complex data derived from archival administrative records can be used.
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876182/what-drives-patient-choice-preferences-for-approaches-to-surgical-treatments-for-breast-cancer-beyond-traditional-clinical-benchmarks
#14
Toni Storm-Dickerson, Lopamudra Das, Allen Gabriel, Matthew Gitlin, Jorge Farias, David Macarios
Importance: Understanding what drives breast cancer (BC) patient's surgical decision-making and why, as survival continues to improve, are women continuing to choose mastectomy in increasing numbers. Objective: We sought to understand better what drives patient choice in surgical decision-making regarding BC treatment options. Design: We used a dynamic model, adaptive conjoint-based survey experiment, to assess multiple factors concurrently impacting patient choice, conducted from December 2016 to January 2017 using the Army of Women...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875917/-thrombolytic-treatment-of-vertebro-basilar-ischemic-stroke-in-n-djamena-republic-of-chad
#15
Antoine Lamblin, Marc Bascou, Eve Drouard, Nicolas Alberti, Thierry de Greslan
Ischemic stroke is rare among the French Armed Forces, but Army doctors on missions may be called on to manage it, in particular in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, this is a critical emergency requiring early multidisciplinary approach, with limited means, involving neurologists from mainland France, in order to ensure patient optimal treatment. We here report the case of a patient with vertebro-basilar ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis.
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870505/repeat-chlamydia-diagnoses-increase-the-hazard-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-among-u-s-army-females-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#16
Christian T Bautista, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. military, chlamydia is the mostly commonly diagnosed bacterial sexually transmitted infection and the rates of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) have remained high since the early 2000s. METHODS: The relationship between the number of chlamydia diagnoses and risk of PID was investigated in a retrospective cohort analysis, among chlamydia cases in the U.S. Army during 2006-2012. Cox regression model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for associations between the number of repeat chlamydia diagnoses and PID...
June 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869603/urban-rodent-surveillance-climatic-association-and-genomic-characterization-of-seoul-virus-collected-at-u-s-army-garrison-seoul-republic-of-korea-2006-2010
#17
Heung-Chul Kim, Won-Keun Kim, Jin Sun No, Seung-Ho Lee, Se Hun Gu, Sung-Tae Chong, Terry A Klein, Jin-Won Song
Rodent-borne pathogens pose a critical public health threat in urban areas. An epidemiological survey of urban rodents was conducted from 2006 to 2010 at the U.S. Army Garrison (USAG), Seoul, Republic of Korea (ROK), to determine the prevalence of Seoul virus (SEOV), a rodent-borne hantavirus. A total of 1,950 rodents were captured at USAG, Yongsan, near/in 19.4% (234/1,206) of the numbered buildings. Annual mean rodent infestation rates were the highest for food service facilities, e.g., the Dragon Hill Lodge complex (38...
June 4, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859457/internal-migration-and-mental-health-of-the-second-generation-the-case-of-turin-in-the-age-of-the-italian-economic-miracle
#18
Mario Cardano, Cecilia Scarinzi, Giuseppe Costa, Angelo d'Errico
Until the first half of the '50s, Italy was an underdeveloped and mainly agricultural country. From the second half of the '50s to the late '70s, Italy was the theatre of a massive economic and social transformation which placed the country among the most developed economies in Europe. During those years, more than four million poor peasants migrated from the most economically depressed areas of the South to the North-West of the country. Turin was one of the preferred destinations of this exodus. It was this huge army of low-cost workers which made the economic miracle possible...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847675/a-12-year-analysis-of-nonbattle-injury-among-us-service-members-deployed-to-iraq-and-afghanistan
#19
Tuan D Le, Jennifer M Gurney, Nina S Nnamani, Kirby R Gross, Kevin K Chung, Zsolt T Stockinger, Shawn C Nessen, Anthony E Pusateri, Kevin S Akers
Importance: Nonbattle injury (NBI) among deployed US service members increases the burden on medical systems and results in high rates of attrition, affecting the available force. The possible causes and trends of NBI in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars have, to date, not been comprehensively described. Objectives: To describe NBI among service members deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, quantify absolute numbers of NBIs and proportion of NBIs within the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, and document the characteristics of this injury category...
May 30, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847269/the-ethics-of-using-secret-shoppers-patients-in-healthcare-applying-the-army-baylor-7-step-model-for-organizational-ethical-decision-making
#20
Peter Houhoulis, Jill Rogers, Karin Zucker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
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