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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151272/changes-in-alcohol-policies-and-practices-in-bars-and-restaurants-after-completion-of-manager-focused-responsible-service-training
#1
Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Toben F Nelson, Keith J Horvath, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Alexandra M Ecklund, Traci L Toomey
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Irresponsible and illegal serving practices at bars and restaurants, such as sales to obviously intoxicated patrons, can lead to various public health harms. Training managers of bars and restaurants in the development and promotion of responsible alcohol policies may help prevent risky and illegal alcohol serving practices. DESIGN AND METHODS: We implemented a training program for managers of bars/restaurants designed to establish and promote responsible beverage service policies/practices...
November 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151257/oral-cancer-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-dentists-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#2
Nada H M Ahmed, Sudeshni Naidoo
The dental professions hold an important responsibility in the control of oral cancer and the early diagnosis highly depends on their knowledge. The present study was developed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of dentists in Khartoum State regarding oral cancer prevention and early detection. An administered questionnaire was structured and sent to all licensed 130 dentists working in public dental clinics in Khartoum State. Responses to the questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151201/administrative-stressors-and-islamic-coping-strategies-among-muslim-primary-principals-in-malaysia-a-mixed-method-study
#3
Lokman Mohd Tahir, Aqeel Khan, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslee Ahmad, Khadijah Daud, Shafeeq Hussain Vazhathodi Al-Hudawi, Aede Hatib Musta'Amal, Rohaya Talib
Principals are school leaders who experienced stress while leading their schools towards excellence. However, principals stress experiences are always ignored and least studied. This mixed-methods study investigates primary principals' stress experiences and their Islamic coping strategies used in incapacitating the stress experiences. A total of 216 Muslim primary principals across different gender, types of schools and years of experiences as school leaders responded to the administrative stress and the Islamic coping strategies items...
November 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151163/strengthening-the-healthy-start-workforce-a-mixed-methods-study-to-understand-the-roles-of-community-health-workers-in-healthy-start-and-inform-the-development-of-a-standardized-training-program
#4
Katherine Rachel DeAngelis, Katelyn Flaherty Doré, Deborah Dean, Paul Osterman
Introduction Healthy Start (HS) is dedicated to preventing infant mortality, improving birth outcomes, and reducing disparities in maternal and infant health. In 2014, the HS program was reenvisioned and standardization of services and workforce development were prioritized. This study examined how HS community health workers (CHW), as critical members of the workforce, serve families and communities in order to inform the development of a CHW training program to advance program goals. Methods In 2015, an online organizational survey of all 100 HS programs was conducted...
November 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150910/educating-youth-swine-exhibitors-on-influenza-a-virus-transmission-at-agricultural-fairs
#5
J M Nolting, J Midla, M S Whittington, S D Scheer, A S Bowman
Influenza A virus (IAV) is a major zoonotic pathogen that threatens global public health. Novel strains of influenza A viruses pose a significant risk to public health due to their pandemic potential, and transmission of influenza A viruses from animals to humans is an important mechanism in the generation and introduction of IAVs that threaten human health. The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to develop real-life training scenarios to better inform swine exhibitors of the risks they may encounter when influenza A viruses are present in swine...
November 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150893/identifying-and-addressing-sexual-health-in-serious%C3%A2-mental-illness-views-of-mental-health-staff-working-in-two-national-health-service-organizations-in-england
#6
Elizabeth Hughes, Amanda J Edmondson, Ijeoma Onyekwe, Chris Quinn, Fiona Nolan
People with serious mental illness (service users) have needs related to sexual health and sexuality, yet these have been poorly addressed in mental health services. In the present study, we report the current practice of mental health professionals in relation to sexual health. Focus groups conducted in two mental health trusts explored routine practice in relation to discussing, assessing, and planning care in relation to sexual health. A thematic analysis identified seven themes: (i) sexual health provision is a complex issue; (ii) mental health staff are aware of sexual health needs; (iii) current provision regarding sexual health is 'neglected'; (iv) barriers to sexual health provision; (v) enabling a discussion around sexual health; (vi) sexual health provision is a role for mental health professionals; and (vii) training needs...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150861/cost-effectiveness-of-the-psycho-educational-blended-group-and-online-intervention-hypoaware-compared-with-usual-care-for-people-with-type-1-and-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-with-problematic-hypoglycaemia-analyses-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
M de Wit, S M P A Rondags, M W van Tulder, F J Snoek, J E Bosmans
AIMS: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of HypoAware, a blended (group and online) psycho-educational intervention based on the evidence-based Blood Glucose Awareness Training, in comparison with usual care in people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes with a high risk of severe hypoglycaemia. METHODS: We performed an economic evaluation, from a societal and healthcare perspective, that used data from a 6-month, multicentre, cluster-randomized controlled trial (n=137)...
November 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150800/beat-to-beat-estimation-of-stroke-volume-using-impedance-cardiography-and-artificial-neural-network
#8
S M M Naidu, Prem C Pandey, Uttam R Bagal, Suhas P Hardas
Impedance cardiography is a low-cost noninvasive technique, based on monitoring of the thoracic impedance, for estimation of stroke volume (SV). Impedance cardiogram (ICG) is the negative of the first derivative of the impedance signal. A technique for beat-to-beat SV estimation using impedance cardiography and artificial neural network (ANN) is proposed. A three-layer feed-forward ANN with error back-propagation algorithm is optimized by examining the effects of number of neurons in the hidden layer, activation function, training algorithm, and set of input parameters...
November 18, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150779/perioperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-for-non-cardiac-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Ashraf Fayad, Sasha K Shillcutt
PURPOSE: The use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has evolved to include patients undergoing high-risk non-cardiac procedures and patients with significant cardiac disease undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Implementation of basic TEE education in training programs has increased across a broad spectrum of procedures in the perioperative arena. This paper describes the use of perioperative TEE in non-cardiac surgery and provides an overview of the basic TEE examination. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Perioperative TEE is used to monitor hemodynamic parameters in non-cardiac procedures where there is a high risk of hemodynamic instability...
November 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150762/seasonal-influence-on-adherence-to-and-effects-of-an-interval-walking-training-program-on-sedentary-female-college-students-in-japan
#10
Aiko Tanabe, Shizue Masuki, Ken-Ichi Nemoto, Hiroshi Nose
Habitual exercise training is recommended to young people for their health promotion, but adherence may be influenced by atmospheric temperature (T a ) if performed outdoors. We compared the adherence to and the effects of a home-based interval walking training (IWT) program on sedentary female college students between winter and summer. For summer training over 176 days, 48 subjects (18-22 years old) were randomly divided into two groups: the control group (CNTsummer, n = 24), which maintained a sedentary lifestyle as before, and the IWT group (IWTsummer, n = 24), which performed IWT while energy expenditure was monitored by accelerometry...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150747/for-whom-do-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-adolescent-substance-use-work
#11
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Jennifer L Doty, Laurel Davis, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Adolescent substance use continues to be a significant public health problem. Parent training interventions are effective preventive strategies to reduce youth substance use. However, little is known about differences in effectiveness for youth across demographic characteristics. This review assessed the effectiveness of parent training programs at reducing adolescent substance use by participant gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Pubmed/MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from database origin to October 31, 2016...
November 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150719/preoperative-optimization-for-major-hepatic-resection
#12
REVIEW
Sarah Walcott-Sapp, Kevin G Billingsley
PURPOSE: Major hepatic resections are performed for primary hepatobiliary malignancies, metastatic disease, and benign lesions. Patients with chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and steatosis, are at an elevated risk of malnutrition and impaired strength and exercise capacity, deficits which cause increased risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The aims of this report are to discuss the pathophysiology of changes in nutrition, exercise capacity, and muscle strength in patient populations likely to require major hepatectomy, and review recommendations for preoperative evaluation and optimization...
November 18, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150620/the-role-of-forelimb-motor-cortex-areas-in-goal-directed-action-in-mice
#13
Karin Morandell, Daniel Huber
Mammalian motor cortex consists of several interconnected subregions thought to play distinct roles in voluntary movements, yet their specific role in decision making and execution is not completely elucidated. Here we used transient optogenetic inactivation of the caudal forelimb area (CFA) and rostral forelimb area (RFA) in mice as they performed a directional joystick task. Based on a vibrotactile cue applied to their forepaw, mice were trained to push or pull a joystick after a delay period. We found that choice and execution are temporally segregated processes...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150590/subtype-specific-effects-of-dopaminergic-d2-receptor-activation-on-synaptic-trains-in-layer-v-pyramidal-neurons-in-the-mouse-prefrontal-cortex
#14
Jonna M Leyrer-Jackson, Mark P Thomas
In humans, prefrontal cortical areas are known to support executive functions. In mice, these functions are mediated by homologous regions in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Executive processes are critically dependent on optimal levels of dopamine (DA), but the cellular mechanisms of DA modulation are incompletely understood. Stable patterns of neuronal activity may be sensitive to frequency-dependent changes in synaptic transmission. We characterized the effects of D2 receptor (D2R) activation on short-term excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) dynamics evoked at varying frequencies in the two subtypes of layer V pyramidal neurons in mouse mPFC We isolated NMDA receptor and non-NMDA receptor-mediated components of EPSP trains evoked by stimulating fibers within layer V or layer I...
November 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150494/strong-implications-but-weak-evidence-for-strength-training
#15
EDITORIAL
Catherine E Handy, Michael J Blaha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150473/patient-level-and-practice-level-factors-associated-with-consultation-duration-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-over-one-million-consultations-in-english-primary-care
#16
Sarah Stevens, Clare Bankhead, Toqir Mukhtar, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Tim A Holt, Chris Salisbury, F D Richard Hobbs
OBJECTIVES: Consultation duration has previously been shown to be associated with patient, practitioner and practice characteristics. However, previous studies were conducted outside the UK, considered only small numbers of general practitioner (GP) consultations or focused primarily on practitioner-level characteristics. We aimed to determine the patient-level and practice-level factors associated with duration of GP and nurse consultations in UK primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional data were obtained from English general practices contributing to the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) linked to data on patient deprivation and practice staffing, rurality and Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) achievement...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150384/the-effect-of-sensory-motor-training-on-hand-and-upper-extremity-sensory-and-motor-function-in-patients-with-idiopathic-parkinson-disease
#17
Ghorban Taghizadeh, Akram Azad, Sepiede Kashefi, Soheila Fallah, Fatemeh Daneshjoo
STUDY DESIGN: Blinded randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have sensory problems, but there is still no accurate understanding of the effects of sensory-motor interventions on PD. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of sensory-motor training (SMT) on hand and upper extremity sensory and motor function in patients with PD. METHODS: Forty patients with PD were allocated to the SMT group or the control group (CG) (mean ages ± standard deviation: SMT, 61...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150344/biomechanical-mechanism-of-lateral-trunk-lean-gait-for-knee-osteoarthritis-patients
#18
Kazuki Tokuda, Masaya Anan, Makoto Takahashi, Tomonori Sawada, Kenji Tanimoto, Nobuhiro Kito, Koichi Shinkoda
The biomechanical mechanism of lateral trunk lean gait employed to reduce external knee adduction moment (KAM) for knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients is not well known. This mechanism may relate to the center of mass (COM) motion. Moreover, lateral trunk lean gait may affect motor control of the COM displacement. Uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis is an evaluation index used to understand motor control and variability of the motor task. Here we aimed to clarify the biomechanical mechanism to reduce KAM during lateral trunk lean gait and how motor variability controls the COM displacement...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150299/a-new-analytical-model-for-the-changes-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-ischemic-diseases
#19
Feng Qiu, Hui Cao, Yue Wu
Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) play an important role in ischemic diseases. However, few studies focused on the generation and decay process of VEGF and no model yet can quantify different VEGF behavior caused in different area, like heart or brain. We compare the results across different groups and quantify the effectiveness of the selected training protocols. By applying the model to experimental data, the analytical model has been proposed to simulate the changes of vascular endothelial growth factor as a function of time and training protocols in ischemic diseases...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150296/structural-mri-based-measures-of-neuroplasticity-in-an-extended-amygdala-network-as-a-target-for-attention-bias-modification-treatment-outcome
#20
Jacob Aday, Joshua M Carlson
Increased attentional bias to threat has been identified as a causal mechanism in the development of anxiety. As such, attention bias modification (ABM) was conceived as a treatment option where anxiety is alleviated through a computerized cognitive training regimen that reduces an individual's attentional bias to threat. Although ABM appears to be a promising treatment option for anxiety, the mechanism of action by which the treatment is effective is unknown. We hypothesize that effective ABM treatment is associated with neuroplasticity-related structural changes in an extended amygdala - prefrontal cortex network that can be detected with standard T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
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