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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531873/randomized-control-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-a-computer-based-intolerance-of-uncertainty-intervention
#1
Mary E Oglesby, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is an important transdiagnostic variable within various anxiety and mood disorders. Theory suggests that individuals high in IU interpret ambiguous information in a more threatening manner. A parallel line of research has shown that interpretive biases can be modified through cognitive training and previous research aimed at modifying negative interpretations through Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM-I) has yielded promising results. Despite these findings, no research to date has examined the efficacy of an IU-focused CBM-I paradigm...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531787/clinical-nutrition-in-primary-care-an-evaluation-of-resident-physicians-attitudes-and-self-perceived-proficiency
#2
Sarah L Han, Reto Auer, Jacques Cornuz, Pedro Marques-Vidal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is little information regarding the impact of clinical nutrition training among medical residents. We aimed to evaluate the attitudes, self-perceived proficiency and knowledge of Swiss residents regarding clinical nutrition. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between June and September 2014 in two medical education facilities located in Lausanne, Switzerland. Attitudes, self-perceived proficiency and knowledge regarding clinical nutrition were assessed by questionnaire...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531559/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-firefighting-foam-concentrates-and-water-samples-collected-near-sites-impacted-by-the-use-of-these-foams
#3
Xavier Dauchy, Virginie Boiteux, Cristina Bach, Christophe Rosin, Jean-François Munoz
To extinguish large-scale fuel fires, fluorosurfactant based foams (FSBFs) were developed in the 1960s and have been used ever since. In this study, 154 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) including 122 emerging PFASs used as surfactants in FSBFs were sought in nine different foam concentrates. Field investigations were also carried out in the vicinity of four sites where FSBFs are or were intensively used (two airports, a training center for firefighters and an oil storage depot after a large explosion)...
May 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531550/barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-oral-care-to-nursing-home-residents-from-the-perspective-of-care-aides-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Matthias Hoben, Alix Clarke, Kha Tu Huynh, Nadia Kobagi, Angelle Kent, Huimin Hu, Raissa A C Pereira, Tianyuan Xiong, Kexin Yu, Hongjin Xiang, Minn N Yoon
BACKGROUND: Oral health of nursing home residents is generally poor, with severe consequences for residents' general health and quality of life and for the health care system. Care aides in nursing homes provide up to 80% of direct care (including oral care) to residents, but providing oral care is often challenging. Interventions to improve oral care must tailor to identified barriers and facilitators to be effective. This review identifies and synthesizes the evidence on barriers and facilitators care aides perceive in providing oral care to nursing home residents...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531328/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-aha-acc-performance-measures-in-a-myocardial-infarction-system-of-care-in-brazil
#5
Maria Letícia L Lana, Andrea Z Beaton, Luisa C C Brant, Isadora C R S Bozzi, Osias de Magalhães, Luiz Ricardo de A Castro, Francisco César T da Silva Júnior, José Luiz P da Silva, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro, Bruno R Nascimento
Objective: To evaluate compliance with American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) performance measures for adults with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to investigate the factors associated with compliance, in an AMI System of Care in Brazil. Design: Observational longitudinal study. Setting: A high-complexity University Hospital, part of the AMI System of Care implemented in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in 2010. Participants: Of note, 1129 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) admitted to a single center over 36 months (between 2011 and 2014)...
May 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531268/implementation-of-an-integrated-approach-to-the-national-hiv-aids-strategy-for-improving-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-for-youths
#6
J Dennis Fortenberry, Linda J Koenig, Bill G Kapogiannis, Carrie L Jeffries, Jonathan M Ellen, Craig M Wilson
Importance: Youths aged 13 to 24 years old living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are less likely than adults to receive the health and prevention benefits of HIV treatments, with only a small proportion having achieved sustained viral suppression. These age-related disparities in HIV continuum of care are owing in part to the unique developmental issues of adolescents and young adults as well as the complexity and fragmentation of HIV care and related services. This article summarizes a national, multiagency, and multilevel approach to HIV care for newly diagnosed youths designed to bridge some of these fragmentations by addressing National HIV/AIDS Strategy goals for people living with HIV...
May 22, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531254/frailty-status-at-admission-to-hospital-predicts-multiple-adverse-outcomes
#7
Ruth E Hubbard, Nancye M Peel, Mayukh Samanta, Leonard C Gray, Arnold Mitnitski, Kenneth Rockwood
Aims: frailty is proposed as a summative measure of health status and marker of individual vulnerability. We aimed to investigate the discriminative capacity of a frailty index (FI) derived from interRAI Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment for Acute Care (AC) in relation to multiple adverse inpatient outcomes. Methods: in this prospective cohort study, an FI was derived for 1,418 patients ≥70 years across 11 hospitals in Australia. The interRAI-AC was administered at admission and discharge by trained nurses, who also screened patients daily for geriatric syndromes...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531253/gender-related-prognostic-value-and-genomic-pattern-of-intra-tumor-heterogeneity-ith-in-colorectal-cancer
#8
Jieyun Zhang, Shican Yan, Xiyu Liu, Lu Gan, Zhenhua Wu, Yiwei Gong, Mingzhu Huang, Xiaowei Zhang, Weijian Guo
Intra-tumor heterogeneity (ITH) is crucial in tumorigenesis and resistance to target therapy. Here, we used mutant-allele tumor heterogeneity (MATH) to measure ITH based on next-generation sequencing data and high MATH was proven as an independent risk prognostic factor in male CRC patients in both a training set of 284 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and a validating set of 187 CRC patients from International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC). Further, the genomic pattern according to MATH demonstrated that mutation rates of TP53, IRF5 and KRAS were independently associated with MATH, and the latter two were only significant in male patients...
May 20, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531226/intercenter-validation-of-a-knowledge-based-model-for-automated-planning-of-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-the-experience-of-the-german-rapidplan-consortium
#9
Carolin Schubert, Oliver Waletzko, Christian Weiss, Dirk Voelzke, Sevda Toperim, Arnd Roeser, Silvia Puccini, Marc Piroth, Christian Mehrens, Jan-Dirk Kueter, Kirsten Hierholz, Karsten Gerull, Antonella Fogliata, Andreas Block, Luca Cozzi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of a model-based optimisation process for volumetric modulated arc therapy applied to prostate cancer in a multicentric cooperative group. The RapidPlan (RP) knowledge-based engine was tested for the planning of Volumetric modulated arc therapy with RapidArc on prostate cancer patients. The study was conducted in the frame of the German RapidPlan Consortium (GRC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: 43 patients from one institute of the GRC were used to build and train a RP model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531211/noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-enhances-the-effects-of-aerobic-training-on-cardiopulmonary-function
#10
Takashi Moriki, Takeshi Nakamura, Yoshi-Ichiro Kamijo, Yukihide Nishimura, Motohiko Banno, Tokio Kinoshita, Hiroyasu Uenishi, Fumihiro Tajima
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of aerobic training under noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) on maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]). METHODS: Ten healthy young male volunteers participated in the study. Before the training, stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) were measured in all subjects under 0, 4, 8, and 12 cmH2O NPPV at rest. Then, the subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer at 60% of pre-training [Formula: see text] for 30 min daily for 5 consecutive days with/without NPPV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531151/an-ensemble-spatiotemporal-model-for-predicting-pm2-5-concentrations
#11
Lianfa Li, Jiehao Zhang, Wenyang Qiu, Jinfeng Wang, Ying Fang
Although fine particulate matter with a diameter of <2.5 μm (PM2.5) has a greater negative impact on human health than particulate matter with a diameter of <10 μm (PM10), measurements of PM2.5 have only recently been performed, and the spatial coverage of these measurements is limited. Comprehensively assessing PM2.5 pollution levels and the cumulative health effects is difficult because PM2.5 monitoring data for prior time periods and certain regions are not available. In this paper, we propose a promising approach for robustly predicting PM2...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#12
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531125/characterizing-dynamic-walking-patterns-and-detecting-falls-with-wearable-sensors-using-gaussian-process-methods
#13
Taehwan Kim, Jeongho Park, Seongman Heo, Keehoon Sung, Jooyoung Park
By incorporating a growing number of sensors and adopting machine learning technologies, wearable devices have recently become a prominent health care application domain. Among the related research topics in this field, one of the most important issues is detecting falls while walking. Since such falls may lead to serious injuries, automatically and promptly detecting them during daily use of smartphones and/or smart watches is a particular need. In this paper, we investigate the use of Gaussian process (GP) methods for characterizing dynamic walking patterns and detecting falls while walking with built-in wearable sensors in smartphones and/or smartwatches...
May 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530847/repeatability-of-mr-elastography-of-liver-a-meta-analysis
#14
Suraj D Serai, Nancy A Obuchowski, Sudhakar K Ventakesh, Claude B Sirlin, Frank H Miller, Edward Ashton, Patricia E Cole, Richard L Ehman
Purpose To perform a meta-analysis to generate an estimate of the repeatability coefficient (RC) for magnetic resonance (MR) elastography of the liver. Materials and Methods A systematic search of databases was performed for publications on MR elastography during the 10-year period between 2006 and 2015. The identified studies were screened independently and were verified reciprocally by all authors. Two reviewers independently determined the percentage RC and effective sample size from each article. A forest plot was constructed of the percentage RC estimates from the 12 studies...
May 22, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530770/diagnostic-value-of-appendicular-doppler-ultrasonography-in-acute-appendicitis
#15
Hüseyin Uzunosmanoğlu, Yunsur Çevik, Şeref Kerem Çorbacıoğlu, Emine Akıncı, Hakan Buluş, Kadir Ağladıoğlu
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdominal pain prompting emergency department (ED) visits. It is critical for the physicians to promptly and accurately diagnose acute appendicitis. The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of Doppler ultrasonography (USG) in patients with acute appendicitis and compare this new method with other commonly used radio-diagnostic tools. METHODS: All patients who were diagnosed with acute appendicitis at the Kecioren Training and Research Hospital ED and later underwent appendectomy between October 2012 and April 2013 were included in the study...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530717/sparse-coding-with-memristor-networks
#16
Patrick M Sheridan, Fuxi Cai, Chao Du, Wen Ma, Zhengya Zhang, Wei D Lu
Sparse representation of information provides a powerful means to perform feature extraction on high-dimensional data and is of broad interest for applications in signal processing, computer vision, object recognition and neurobiology. Sparse coding is also believed to be a key mechanism by which biological neural systems can efficiently process a large amount of complex sensory data while consuming very little power. Here, we report the experimental implementation of sparse coding algorithms in a bio-inspired approach using a 32 × 32 crossbar array of analog memristors...
May 22, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530619/-current-status-of-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-in-the-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#17
Carmen González-Enguita, Natalia Gennaro-DellaRossa, Esther López-López, Juliana Escobar-Castaño, Percy Miguel Rodríguez-Castro, Raquel González-López
OBJECTIVES: Surgical restoration of pelvic floor anatomy in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) should avoid extensive areas that may injure healthy tissues and lead to scar fibrosis producing dysfunctional rigidity. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy corrects POP by lifting pelvic elements with a minimally invasive procedure.Various current strategies and approaches make it a diverse procedure. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic review on the published experience about abdominal sacrocolpopexy over the last 20 years...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530599/a-saliva-molecular-imprinted-localized-surface-plasmon-resonance-biosensor-for-wine-astringency-estimation
#18
J Rafaela L Guerreiro, Natércia Teixeira, Victor De Freitas, M Goreti F Sales, Duncan S Sutherland
Wine astringency was evaluated based on the interaction of two complex matrices (red wine and saliva) by combining localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and molecular imprinted polymers (MIP) at gold nanodisks as an alternative to sensorial analysis. The main objective of the work was to simulate wine astringency inside the mouth by mimicking this biological system. The LSPR/MIP sensor provided a linear response for astringency expressed in pentagalloyl glucose (PGG) units in concentrations ranging from 1 to 140μmol/L...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530572/sensory-evaluation-of-boar-taint-containing-minced-meat-dry-cured-ham-and-dry-fermented-sausage-by-a-trained-expert-panel-and-consumers
#19
Kaat Verplanken, Jella Wauters, Vicky Vercruysse, Marijke Aluwé, Lynn Vanhaecke
One of the main issues related to entire male pigs is the occurrence of boar taint, an off-odour, which compromises meat consumability. In this study, odour thresholds (indole: 24-65µgkg(-1), skatole: 44-89µgkg(-1), androstenone: 121-342µgkg(-1)) for the boar taint compounds were estimated in minced meat, dry fermented sausage and dry-cured ham. Afterwards, sensory evaluation of these products containing 10% tainted meat (minced meat and dry fermented sausage) or moderate boar taint compound levels (dry-cured ham) occurred...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530517/contributions-of-body-composition-characteristics-to-critical-power-and-anaerobic-work-capacity
#20
M Travis Byrd, Jonathan Robert Switalla, Joel E Eastman, Brian J Wallace, Jody L Clasey, Haley C Bergstrom
Critical power (CP) and anaerobic work capacity (AWC) from the CP test represent distinct parameters related to metabolic characteristics of the whole body and active muscle tissue, respectively. PURPOSE: This study examined the contribution of whole body composition characteristics and local lean mass to further elucidate the differences in metabolic characteristics between CP and AWC as they relate to whole body and local factors. METHODS: Fifteen, anaerobically trained males were assessed for whole body (% body fat [%BF] and mineral-free, lean mass [LBM]) and local mineral-free thigh lean mass (TLM) composition characteristic...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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