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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040405/the-balcony-technique-of-breast-augmentation-and-inverted-t-mastopexy-with-an-inferior-dermoglandular-flap
#1
Roy de Vita, Giovanni Zoccali, Ernesto Maria Buccheri
Background: Optimal breast augmentation-mastopexy involves a reliable technique, fast recovery, minimal complications, and aesthetic results that are excellent and enduring. Objectives: The authors sought to determine whether the balcony technique of augmentation-mastopexy was safe and yielded satisfactory long-term outcomes in patients with breast ptosis and hypoplasia. Methods: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 207 patients who underwent subglandular augmentation and inverted-T mastopexy with a customized Wise keyhole resection pattern and an inferior flap...
October 4, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040219/effect-of-2-years-of-endurance-and-high-impact-training-on-preventing-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Carmen García-Gomáriz, José M Blasco, Cecili Macián-Romero, Elías Guillem-Hernández, Celedonia Igual-Camacho
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of endurance and high-impact training oriented toward preventing osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with calcium and vitamin D supplementation. METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial. Thirty-six postmenopausal women were randomized to the control and experimental groups. Thirty-four women completed the 2-year interventions. The control group training involved walking at an intense pace. The experimental group conducted high-impact training specifically oriented to prevent osteoporosis...
October 16, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036848/concentration-endurance-test-d2-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#3
D Rivera, C Salinas, D Ramos-Usuga, I D Delgado-Mejía, Y Vasallo Key, G P Hernández Agurcia, J Valencia Vásquez, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, B V Rabago Barajas, I Romero-García, A I Campos Varillas, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, A Galvao-Carmona, L Lara, E J Granja Gilbert, P Martín-Lobo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A Caracuel, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Concentration Endurance Test (d2) test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the d2 test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Total number of items processed (TN), Total number of correct responses (CR), Total performance (TP), and Concentration performance (CP) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036763/effect-of-treadmill-exercise-on-skeletal-muscle-autophagy-in-rats-with-obesity-induced-by-a-high-fat-diet
#4
Do Keun Cho, Dong Hun Choi, Joon Yong Cho
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of treadmill exercise on body weight, blood biochemistry, and autophagy. METHODS: Triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, insulin, and glucose levels were measured, the Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) score was calculated, and the soleus muscle was analyzed for autophagy-related factors (Beclin-1, p62, LC3, Lamp-2) in rats with obesity induced by a high-fat diet...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036672/convergence-and-divergence-of-brain-network-dysfunction-in-deficit-and-non-deficit-schizophrenia
#5
Miao Yu, Zhengjia Dai, Xiaowei Tang, Xiang Wang, Xiaobin Zhang, Weiwei Sha, Shuqiao Yao, Ni Shu, Xindi Wang, Jiaying Yang, Xiangyang Zhang, Xiangrong Zhang, Yong He, Zhijun Zhang
Deficit schizophrenia (DS), characterized by primary and enduring negative symptoms, has been considered as a pathophysiologically distinct schizophrenic subgroup. Neuroimaging characteristics of DS, especially functional brain network architecture, remain largely unknown. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and graph theory approaches were employed to investigate the topological organization of whole-brain functional networks of 114 male participants including 33 DS, 41 non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS) and 40 healthy controls (HCs)...
July 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036325/it-s-all-in-the-timing-calibrating-temporal-penalties-for-biomedical-data-sharing
#6
Weiyi Xia, Zhiyu Wan, Zhijun Yin, James Gaupp, Yongtai Liu, Ellen Wright Clayton, Murat Kantarcioglu, Yevgeniy Vorobeychik, Bradley A Malin
Objective: Biomedical science is driven by datasets that are being accumulated at an unprecedented rate, with ever-growing volume and richness. There are various initiatives to make these datasets more widely available to recipients who sign Data Use Certificate agreements, whereby penalties are levied for violations. A particularly popular penalty is the temporary revocation, often for several months, of the recipient's data usage rights. This policy is based on the assumption that the value of biomedical research data depreciates significantly over time; however, no studies have been performed to substantiate this belief...
September 26, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035607/accuracy-of-w-recovery-kinetics-in-high-performance-cyclists-modelling-intermittent-work-capacity
#7
Jason C Bartram, Dominic Thewlis, David T Martin, Kevin I Norton
PURPOSE: With knowledge of an individual's critical power (CP) and W' the SKIBA 2 model provides a framework with which to track W' balance during intermittent high intensity work bouts. There are fears the time constant controlling the recovery rate of W' (τW') may require refinement to enable effective use in an elite population. METHODS: Four elite endurance cyclists completed an array of intermittent exercise protocols to volitional exhaustion. Each protocol lasted approximately 3...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035591/effect-of-intensified-endurance-training-on-pacing-and-performance-in-4000m-cycling-time-trials
#8
Alice M Wallett, Amy L Woods, Nathan G Versey, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Marijke Welvaert, Kevin G Thompson
Studies examining pacing strategies during 4000m cycling time-trials (TTs) typically ensure participants are not pre-fatigued, however competitive cyclists often undertake TTs when already pre-fatigued. This study aimed to determine how TT pacing strategies and sprint characteristics of cyclists change during an intensified training period (mesocycle). Thirteen cyclists, regularly competing in A and B grade cycling races and consistently training (>10 h·wk-1 for 4±1 years), completed a six-week training mesocycle...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033851/effects-of-alpha-lactalbumin-or-whey-protein-isolate-on-muscle-damage-muscle-pain-and-mood-states-following-prolonged-strenuous-endurance-exercise
#9
Lu Qin, Stephen H S Wong, Feng-Hua Sun, Yu Huang, Sinead Sheridan, Cindy H P Sit
This study compared the effect of alpha-lactalbumin and whey protein on muscle damage, muscle pain, and mood states during short term recovery following strenuous prolonged exercise. In a two-stage crossover counterbalanced design, 12 endurance male runners were recruited (age: 30.4 ± 2.8 year, height: 172.7 ± 5.6 cm, body mass: 66.7 ± 6.5 kg, VO2max: 58.0 ± 6.9 ml/kg(-)/min), ran for 90 min at 70% VO2max, and followed by a 4-h recovery. Two treatments (carbohydrate+alpha-lactalbumin, CA; carbohydrate+whey protein isolate, CW) were applied during the main trials...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033203/-reproducibility-of-strength-and-endurance-measurements-of-the-quadriceps-in-patients-with-copd
#10
M Beaumont, G Kerautret, L Peran, R Pichon, C Le Ber, M Cabillic
INTRODUCTION: Patients with COPD frequently have lower strength and endurance in their lower limbs compared to healthy subjects and evaluation of their quadriceps strength is recommended in practice. The handheld dynamometer has been validated and is easy to use for this measurement but its reproducibility has never been studied for endurance evaluation and only poorly for strength. The objective of this study was to estimate the inter and intra-operator reproducibility of maximal voluntary strength and endurance measurements of the quadriceps with a handheld dynamometer in patients with COPD...
October 13, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032844/-family-adherence-in-serious-mental-disorder
#11
Ernesto Martín Padilla, Diana Obando Posada, Pedro Sarmiento Medina
OBJECTIVE: Identify attitudes and behaviors that evidence and characterize family adherence to treatment in patients with severe mental disorder. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive, from an interpretative social approach. LOCATION: Chia, Colombia, with professionals in the psychiatric and geriatric settings. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve professionals in psychiatry, nursing and psychology, with experience in care of patients with serious mental disorder and their families...
October 9, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031958/reference-values-and-reliability-for-lumbopelvic-strength-and-endurance-in-asymptomatic-subjects
#12
Isadora O de Oliveira, Bruna Pilz, Roberto L G Santos, Rodrigo A Vasconcelos, Wilson Mello, Débora B Grossi
BACKGROUND: Assessing the lumbopelvic region is useful for detecting many musculoskeletal dysfunctions and also performance deficits. Several clinical tests are used to assess this region, however, reference values and results related to method, reliability and error measurements of these tests have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To establish reference values and determine reliability, standard error of measurement (SEM), typical error of measurement (TEM) and minimum detectable change (MDC) of a set of clinical tests used for assessing the lumbopelvic region in subjects divided by gender, age group and physical activity levels...
September 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031332/right-ventricular-function-during-pharmacological-and-exercise-stress-testing-in-horses
#13
A Decloedt, D De Clercq, S Ven, L Vera, G van Loon
The disproportionate rise of pulmonary artery pressure compared to systemic blood pressure during exercise can lead to detrimental right ventricular remodelling in endurance athletes. Horses may act as an extreme model of these athletic cardiovascular adaptations, as they show a three fold increase in pulmonary pressures during exercise. Right ventricular function was examined in ten healthy horses using post-exercise and pharmacological stress echocardiography in a randomised cross-over design. Exercise testing was performed on a treadmill while pharmacological testing was performed using an atropine-dobutamine infusion...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030644/how-to-prevent-the-detrimental-effects-of-two-months-of-bed-rest-on-muscle-bone-and-cardiovascular-system-an-rct
#14
Andreas Kramer, Albert Gollhofer, Gabriele Armbrecht, Dieter Felsenberg, Markus Gruber
Physical inactivity leads to a deconditioning of the skeletal, neuromuscular and cardiovascular system. It can lead to impaired quality of life, loss of autonomy, falls and fractures. Regular exercise would be a logical remedy, but the generally recommended high-volume endurance and strength training programs require a lot of time and equipment. In this randomized controlled study with 23 healthy participants, we established that a short, intensive jump training program can prevent the large musculoskeletal and cardiovascular deconditioning effects caused by two months of physical inactivity during bed rest, particularly the loss of bone mineral mass and density, lean muscle mass, maximal leg strength and peak oxygen uptake...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030575/adolescent-ethanol-exposure-enhances-nmda-receptor-mediated-currents-in-hippocampal-neurons-reversal-by-gabapentin
#15
H S Swartzwelder, Maeng-Hee Park, Shawn Acheson
Adolescent intermittent ethanol (AIE) exposure compromises neural function into adulthood. We have reported that astrocyte-secreted thrombospondins, and their target neuronal receptors (α2δ-1) are upregulated in the hippocampus in adulthood after AIE, suggesting aberrant excitatory synaptogenesis and hyperexcitability in memory-related circuits. Gabapentin antagonizes the interaction of thrombospondins (TSPs) with the α2δ-1 receptor, and thus may reverse or ameliorate the effects of AIE on hippocampal function...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030289/thermal-properties-of-compacted-pharmaceutical-excipients
#16
Alexander Krok, Nuno Vitorino, Jianyi Zhang, Jorge Ribeiro Frade, Chuan-Yu Wu
Thermal properties of powders are critical material attributes that control temperature rise during tableting and roll compaction. In this study, various analytical methods were used to measure the thermal properties of widely used pharmaceutical excipients including microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) of three different grades (Avicel PH 101; Avicel PH 102 and Avicel DG), lactose and mannitol. The effect of relative density on the measured thermal properties was investigated by compressing the powders into specimen of different relative densities...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029222/the-scarring-effects-of-father-s-unemployment-job-security-satisfaction-and-mental-health-at-midlife
#17
Jack Lam, Christopher L Ambrey
Objectives: We investigate the association between early-life paternal unemployment and midlife mental health, examining whether the impact of father's unemployment may vary contingent on the broader economic context on which it occurred. We also investigate job-security satisfaction as a potential mediator of this association. Method: We utilize random-effects models, drawing on 15 waves of data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, with 7,438 individuals and 42,309 individual-time observations...
September 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028111/dna-methylation-of-methylation-complex-genes-in-relation-to-stress-and-genome-wide-methylation-in-mother-newborn-dyads
#18
Christopher J Clukay, David A Hughes, Nicole C Rodney, Darlene A Kertes, Connie J Mulligan
OBJECTIVES: Early life stress is known to have enduring biological effects, particularly with respect to health. Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, are a possible mechanism to mediate the biological effect of stress. We previously found correlations between maternal stress, newborn birthweight, and genome-wide measures of DNA methylation. Here we investigate ten genes related to the methylation/demethylation complex in order to better understand the impact of stress on health...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025504/distress-tolerance-links-sleep-problems-with-stress-and-health-in-homeless
#19
Lorraine R Reitzel, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt, Lorra Garey, Michael J Zvolensky, Alexis Moisiuc, Carrie Reddick, Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle
OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11.9) self-reported sleep adequacy, sleep duration, unintentional sleep during the daytime, distress tolerance, urban stress, and days of poor mental health and days of poor physical health over the last month. The indirect effects of sleep problems on stress and health through distress tolerance were examined using a non-parametric, bias-corrected bootstrapping procedure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024783/oxygen-uptake-kinetics-following-six-weeks-of-interval-and-continuous-endurance-exercise-training-an-explorative-pilot-study
#20
U Drescher, T Schefter, J Koschate, T Schiffer, K Brixius, S Schneider, U Hoffmann
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare the responses of pulmonary (V'O2pulm) and muscle (V'O2musc) oxygen uptake kinetics before (PRE) and after (POST) six weeks of endurance exercise training. METHODS: Nine untrained individuals performed pseudo-random binary sequences work rate changes between 30W and 80W at PRE and POST training intervention. Heart rate (HR) and V'O2pulm were measured beat-to-beat and breath-by-breath, respectively. V'O2musc was estimated applying the approach of Hoffmann et al...
October 9, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
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