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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933574/-long-term-hrv-analysis-shows-stress-reduction-by-magnesium-intake
#1
Elmar Wienecke, Claudia Nolden
BACKGROUND: Mental pressure and stress represent an ever-increasing socio-political challenge. The heart rate variability (HRV) measurement, which has its origin in the cardiac function diagnosis, gives information on the neurovegetative activity. A low HRV shows an imbalance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and thus is an indicator of stress. METHOD: A randomized, controlled, two-armed parallel study with 100 participants and a period of 90 days was performed...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933516/costs-of-diabetes-medication-among-male-former-elite-athletes-in-later-life
#2
M K Laine, R Kujala, J G Eriksson, H Kautiainen, S Sarna, U M Kujala
AIMS: Regular physical activity plays a major role, in both prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Less is known whether vigorous physical activity during young adulthood is associated with costs of diabetes medication in later life. The aim of this study is to evaluate this question. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1314 former elite-class athletes and 860 matched controls. The former athletes were divided into three groups based on their active career sport: endurance, mixed and power sports...
December 8, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933018/a-study-of-the-coupling-of-fet-temperament-traits-with-major-depression
#3
Irina N Trofimova, William Sulis
Objective: Temperament and mental illness have been linked to the same systems of behavioral regulation. A temperament model, carefully structured to respond to subtle differences within systems of behavior regulation, should exhibit distinct temperament patterns in the presence of mental illness. Previous comparisons of temperament profiles in mental disorders used mostly emotionality-related traits. In contrast, the Functional Ensemble of Temperament (FET) model differentiates not only between emotionality traits, but also between traits related to physical, verbal, and mental aspects of behavior and maps 12 functional aspects of behavior to temperament traits as well as to symptoms of mental illnesses...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932993/effect-of-permissive-dehydration-on-induction-and-decay-of-heat-acclimation-and-temperate-exercise-performance
#4
Rebecca A Neal, Heather C Massey, Michael J Tipton, John S Young, Jo Corbett
Purpose: It has been suggested that dehydration is an independent stimulus for heat acclimation (HA), possibly through influencing fluid-regulation mechanisms and increasing plasma volume (PV) expansion. There is also some evidence that HA may be ergogenic in temperate conditions and that this may be linked to PV expansion. We investigated: (i) the influence of dehydration on the time-course of acquisition and decay of HA; (ii) whether dehydration augmented any ergogenic benefits in temperate conditions, particularly those related to PV expansion...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932876/effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-the-rehabilitation-of-moderate-to-severe-copd-a-meta-analysis
#5
Rong-Chang Chen, Xiao-Ying Li, Li-Li Guan, Bing-Peng Guo, Wei-Liang Wu, Zi-Qing Zhou, Ya-Ting Huo, Xin Chen, Lu-Qian Zhou
PURPOSE: Patients with COPD often experience skeletal muscle dysfunction. For those who are unable or unwilling to undertake physical training, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may provide an alternative method of rehabilitation. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the controversial topic of whether this therapy is effective in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We pooled data from nine trials published between January 9, 2002 and January 4, 2016 across PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and relevant websites for randomized controlled trials...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932546/what-can-a-participatory-approach-to-evaluation-contribute-to-the-field-of-integrated-care
#6
Laura Eyre, Michael Farrelly, Martin Marshall
Better integration of care within the health sector and between health and social care is seen in many countries as an essential way of addressing the enduring problems of dwindling resources, changing demographics and unacceptable variation in quality of care. Current research evidence about the effectiveness of integration efforts supports neither the enthusiasm of those promoting and designing integrated care programmes nor the growing efforts of practitioners attempting to integrate care on the ground. In this paper we present a methodological approach, based on the principles of participatory research, that attempts to address this challenge...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931783/reduced-p3b-brain-response-during-sustained-visual-attention-is-associated-with-remote-blast-mtbi-and-current-ptsd-in-u-s-military-veterans
#7
Casey S Gilmore, Craig A Marquardt, Seung Suk Kang, Scott R Sponheim
Approximately 275,000 American service members deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan have sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), with 75% of these incidents involving an explosive blast. Combat-related mTBI is frequently associated with comorbid mental health disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Attention problems, including sustained attention, are common cognitive complaints of veterans with TBI and PTSD. The present study sought to examine neural correlates of sustained attention in veterans with blast mTBI and/or current PTSD...
December 5, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931170/abdominoplasty-and-gluteoplasty-after-massive-weight-loss-an-all-in-one-technique
#8
Britt Colebunders, Koenraad Van Landuyt
INTRODUCTION: Patients requesting body-contouring surgery after massive weight loss often present with abdominal and lumbar skin excess as well as gluteal ptosis and loss of gluteal projection. In order to restore gluteal projection a circular abdominoplasty in combination with an autologous gluteal augmentation (all-in-one technique) can be performed. OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes for patients who underwent a circular abdominoplasty with or without autologous gluteal augmentation...
December 8, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931056/-guideline-s2k-awmf-of-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-pneumologie-und-beatmungsmedizin-and-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-arbeitsmedizin-und-umweltmedizin-diagnostics-and-expert-opinion-in-the-occupational-disease-no-4101-silicosis-including-coal-worker-s-pneumoconiosis
#9
X Baur, M Heger, R M Bohle, K G Hering, K Hofmann-Preiß, D Nowak, A Tannapfel, H Teschler, T Voshaar, T Kraus
During the last 1.5 years an update of the guideline on silicosis was made by an interdisciplinary working group. New medical and scientific knowledge and the experience in expert opinion practice were taken into account.By preparing the initial guideline in 2010 standardization of diagnostics and adaption of the "Moers convention" which was not based on medical knowledge was in the focus, whereas the current update deals with fine emendation and extension, especially of the compensation rate (adaption with the Reichenhall recommendation)...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930803/pulmonary-rehabilitation-following-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
REVIEW
Milo A Puhan, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Christopher J Cates, Thierry Troosters
BACKGROUND: Guidelines have provided positive recommendations for pulmonary rehabilitation after exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but recent studies indicate that postexacerbation rehabilitation may not always be effective in patients with unstable COPD. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of pulmonary rehabilitation after COPD exacerbations on hospital admissions (primary outcome) and other patient-important outcomes (mortality, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and exercise capacity)...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930487/influence-of-chronic-heat-acclimatization-on-occupational-thermal-strain-in-tropical-field-conditions
#11
Matt B Brearley, Ian Norton, Daryl Rush, Michael Hutton, Steve Smith, Linda Ward, Hector Fuentes
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether non-heat acclimatized (NHA) emergency responders endure greater physiological and perceptual strain than heat acclimatized (HA) counterparts in tropical field settings. METHODS: Eight HA and eight NHA men urban search and rescue personnel had physiological and perceptual responses compared during the initial 4 hours shift of a simulated disaster in tropical conditions (ambient temperature 34.0 °C, 48% relative humidity, wet bulb globe temperature [WBGT] 31...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930474/lifetime-prevalence-of-respiratory-diseases-and-exposures-among-veterans-of-operation-enduring-freedom-and-operation-iraqi-freedom-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-study-for-a-new-generation-of-u-s-veterans
#12
Shannon K Barth, Erin K Dursa, Robert Bossarte, Aaron Schneiderman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory exposures and the association between respiratory exposures and respiratory disease among veterans deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) compared with nondeployed veterans of this era. METHODS: Data come from a national health survey of 20,563 deployed and nondeployed OEF/OIF era veterans. Prevalence estimates and adjusted odds ratios were calculated...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930452/shorter-duration-time-trial-performance-and-recovery-is-not-improved-by-inclusion-of-protein-in-a-multiple-carbohydrate-supplement
#13
Anthony S Wolfe, Sallee A Brandt, Isaac Krause, Rachel Mavison, Josh Aponte, Lisa M Ferguson-Stegall
Ingesting multiple carbohydrate (CHO) types during exercise can improve endurance performance compared to single CHO only. Adding protein to a multiple CHO beverage has been shown to increase cycling time to exhaustion (TTE) compared to a single CHO beverage. However, it is unclear if improvements were due to multiple CHOs or protein, and TTE protocols are not representative of typical race events. This study investigated whether adding protein to a multiple CHO beverage improved performance and recovery in 2 same-day cycling time trials compared to isocaloric multiple CHO-only...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930383/effect-of-e-oj-01-on-cardiac-conditioning-in-young-exercising-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Robert N Girandola, Shalini Srivastava
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cardiac health is a determinant of athletic performance. A body of data suggests that in healthy young adults, an increase in maximal cardiac output leads to an increase in endurance. Terminalia arjuna (TA) has been studied for multiple benefits in cardiovascular health although its effects as a cardioprotective ergogenic aid require further exploration. The current trial was planned to study the effect of the proprietary TA extract (E-OJ-01) on the markers of cardiac conditioning in healthy young adults...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929744/surveillance-of-poliomyelitis-in-northern-italy-results-of-acute-flaccid-paralysis-surveillance-and-environmental-surveillance-2012-2015
#15
Laura Pellegrinelli, Laura Bubba, Valeria Primache, Elena Pariani, Andrea Battistone, Roberto Delogu, Fiore Stefano, Sandro Binda
Although in the last years poliovirus (PV) transmission has been reported at the lowest levels ever recorded, the spread of virus from endemic countries endures; the high levels of immigration flows across the Mediterranean Sea jeopardize Italy for PV reintroduction. The World Health Organization (WHO) strategic plan for global poliomyelitis (polio) eradication indicates the nationwide surveillance of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) as the gold standard for detecting cases of polio. In addition, the Environmental Surveillance (ES), seeking the presence of PV and Non-Polio Enterovirus (NPEV) in sewage, is recognized as a powerful tool to confirm PV circulation in absence of AFP cases, especially in polio-free countries...
December 8, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929660/sensory-sensitivity-in-operation-enduring-freedom-operation-iraqi-freedom-veterans-with-and-without-blast-exposure-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Megan L Callahan, Laurence M Binder, Maya E O'Neil, Belle Zaccari, Mai S Roost, Shahrokh Golshan, Marilyn Huckans, Jesse R Fann, Daniel Storzbach
To examine factors associated with noise and light sensitivity among returning Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans with a self-reported history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) due to blast exposure, we compared the self-report of noise and light sensitivity of 42 OEF/OIF Veterans diagnosed with mTBI resulting from combat blast-exposure to that of 36 blast-exposed OEF/OIF Veterans without a history of mTBI. Results suggest a statistically significant difference between Veterans with and without a history of mTBI in the experience of noise and light sensitivity, with sensory symptoms reported most frequently in the mTBI group...
December 8, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929580/medical-nemesis-40-years-on-the-enduring-legacy-of-ivan-illich
#17
S O'Mahony
Ivan Illich's attack on modern medicine, Medical Nemesis, appeared in 1974. The book famously opened with the statement: 'The medical establishment has become a major threat to health.' Forty years after its publication, this paper examines the major themes of the book, and asks whether events since its publication have added weight to Illich's thesis.
June 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929304/enduring-mental-health-prevalence-and-prediction
#18
Jonathan D Schaefer, Avshalom Caspi, Daniel W Belsky, Honalee Harrington, Renate Houts, L John Horwood, Andrea Hussong, Sandhya Ramrakha, Richie Poulton, Terrie E Moffitt
We review epidemiological evidence indicating that most people will develop a diagnosable mental disorder, suggesting that only a minority experience enduring mental health. This minority has received little empirical study, leaving the prevalence and predictors of enduring mental health unknown. We turn to the population-representative Dunedin cohort, followed from birth to midlife, to compare people never-diagnosed with mental disorder (N = 171; 17% prevalence) to those diagnosed at 1-2 study waves, the cohort mode (N = 409)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928218/differential-effects-of-heavy-versus-moderate-loads-on-measures-of-strength-and-hypertrophy-in-resistance-trained-men
#19
Brad J Schoenfeld, Bret Contreras, Andrew D Vigotsky, Mark Peterson
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate muscular adaptations between heavy- and moderate-load resistance training (RT) with all other variables controlled between conditions. Nineteen resistance-trained men were randomly assigned to either a strength-type RT routine (HEAVY) that trained in a loading range of 2-4 repetitions per set (n = 10) or a hypertrophy-type RT routine (MODERATE) that trained in a loading range of 8-12 repetitions per set (n = 9). Training was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928211/use-of-heart-rate-variability-to-estimate-lactate-threshold-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-during-resistance-exercise
#20
Rodrigo P Simões, Renata G Mendes, Viviane Castello-Simões, Aparecida M Catai, Ross Arena, Audrey Borghi-Silva
The aim of this study was to investigate whether it is possible to identify the first turn point of blood lactate (BL) concentration (1(st) lactate threshold - LT1) during a discontinuous resistance exercise protocol in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and verify if heart rate variability (HRV) responses are consistent with BL responses. A total of 22 elderly men, 12 with CAD and 10 apparently healthy (control group = CG), underwent one-repetition maximum (1RM) testing on an inclined leg press. Discontinuous resistance exercise testing (DRET) was initiated at 10% of the 1RM with subsequent increases of 10% until 30% and after this percentage, 5% increments of 1RM was carried out...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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