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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913318/walsh-hadamard-based-3d-steganography-for-protecting-sensitive-information-in-point-of-care
#1
Alsharif Abuadbba, Ibrahim Khalil
Remote points-of-care has recently had a lot of attention for their advantages such as saving lives and cost reduction. The transmitted streams usually contain (1) normal biomedical signals (e.g. ECG) and (2) highly private information (e.g. patient identity). Despite the obvious advantages, the primary concerns are privacy and authenticity of the transferred data. Therefore, this paper introduces a novel steganographic mechanism that ensures (1) strong privacy preservation of private information by random concealing inside the transferred signals employing a key, and (2) evidence of originality for the biomedical signals...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912850/oscillating-in-and-out-of-place-experiences-of-older-adults-residing-in-homeless-shelters-in-montreal-quebec
#2
Victoria F Burns
Aging in place is desirable from the perspective of older adults and policy makers alike. However, the meaning of 'place' for adults experiencing homelessness has been largely overlooked. Addressing this gap, this constructivist grounded theory study discusses the meaning of place for 15 older adults residing in emergency homeless shelters in Montreal, Quebec. Findings revealed that four interrelated dimensions of place-that is, control, comfort, privacy, and security were instrumental in supporting participants' ability to feel in place across housed-homeless trajectories...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909857/privacy-autonomy-and-public-policy-french-and-north-american-perspectives
#3
Jennifer Merchant
This article raises the question of whether in both the United States and in France, an individual's autonomy and private decision-making right(s) in matters of health care and access to reproductive technologies can be conciliated with the general interest, and more specifically, the role of the State. Can a full-fledged right to privacy, the ability to exercise one's autonomy, exist alongside the general interest, and depend neither on financial resources like in the United States nor on centralised government decisions or the medical hierarchy like in France? The contrast between these two modern democracies justify the importance of comparing them...
December 2, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905014/sexual-venue-choice-and-sexual-risk-taking-among-substance-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Joshua A Rusow, Jesse B Fletcher, Cathy J Reback
Commercial sex venues (CSVs) and public sex environments (PSEs) offer men who have sex with men (MSM) sexual privacy and anonymity. Sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, sexual identity, age, HIV status) are correlated with individuals' choice of sexual venue, potentially suggesting environmental associations with both sociodemographics and sexual risk. From March 2005 through March 2012, 1298 substance-using MSM provided information on their most recent sexual encounter; iterative logit models estimated associations between sociodemographics and sexual venue, and/or whether sexual venue was associated with sexual risk-taking while controlling for sociodemographics...
November 30, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900653/a-survey-of-authentication-schemes-in-telecare-medicine-information-systems
#5
Muhammad Umair Aslam, Abdelouahid Derhab, Kashif Saleem, Haider Abbas, Mehmet Orgun, Waseem Iqbal, Baber Aslam
E-Healthcare is an emerging field that provides mobility to its users. The protected health information of the users are stored at a remote server (Telecare Medical Information System) and can be accessed by the users at anytime. Many authentication protocols have been proposed to ensure the secure authenticated access to the Telecare Medical Information System. These protocols are designed to provide certain properties such as: anonymity, untraceability, unlinkability, privacy, confidentiality, availability and integrity...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899794/the-impact-of-digital-technology-on-health-of-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-recent-innovations-and-current-gaps
#6
Sandra Mesmar, Reem Talhouk, Chaza Akik, Patrick Olivier, Imad H Elhajj, Shady Elbassuoni, Sarah Armoush, Joumana Kalot, Madeline Balaam, Aline Germani, Hala Ghattas
Digital technology is increasingly used in humanitarian action and promises to improve the health and social well-being of populations affected by both acute and protracted crises. We set out to (1) review the current landscape of digital technologies used by humanitarian actors and affected populations, (2) examine their impact on health and well-being of affected populations, and (3) consider the opportunities for and challenges faced by users of these technologies. Through a systematic search of academic databases and reports, we identified 50 digital technologies used by humanitarian actors, and/or populations affected by crises...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897984/privacy-preserving-location-based-service-scheme-for-mobile-sensing-data
#7
Qingqing Xie, Liangmin Wang
With the wide use of mobile sensing application, more and more location-embedded data are collected and stored in mobile clouds, such as iCloud, Samsung cloud, etc. Using these data, the cloud service provider (CSP) can provide location-based service (LBS) for users. However, the mobile cloud is untrustworthy. The privacy concerns force the sensitive locations to be stored on the mobile cloud in an encrypted form. However, this brings a great challenge to utilize these data to provide efficient LBS. To solve this problem, we propose a privacy-preserving LBS scheme for mobile sensing data, based on the RSA (for Rivest, Shamir and Adleman) algorithm and ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) scheme...
November 25, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897013/harnessing-big-data-for-precision-medicine-infrastructures-and-applications
#8
Kun-Hsing Yu, Steven N Hart, Rachel Goldfeder, Qiangfeng Cliff Zhang, Stephen C J Parker, Michael Snyder
Precision medicine is a health management approach that accounts for individual differences in genetic backgrounds and environmental exposures. With the recent advancements in high-throughput omics profiling technologies, collections of large study cohorts, and the developments of data mining algorithms, big data in biomedicine is expected to provide novel insights into health and disease states, which can be translated into personalized disease prevention and treatment plans. However, petabytes of biomedical data generated by multiple measurement modalities poses a significant challenge for data analysis, integration, storage, and result interpretation...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895957/adoption-of-electronic-health-records-a-roadmap-for-india
#9
REVIEW
Sunil Kumar Srivastava
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to create a roadmap for the adoption of Electronic Health Record (EHR) in India based an analysis of the strategies of other countries and national scenarios of ICT use in India. METHODS: The strategies for adoption of EHR in other countries were analyzed to find the crucial steps taken. Apart from reports collected from stakeholders in the country, the study relied on the experience of the author in handling several e-health projects...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894938/integrating-postoperative-feedback-into-workflow-perceived-practices-and-barriers
#10
Jay N Nathwani, Carly E Glarner, Katherine E Law, Robert J McDonald, Amy B Zelenski, Jacob A Greenberg, Eugene F Foley
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have found that both resident and staff surgeons highly value postoperative feedback; and that such feedback has high educational value. However, little is known about how to consistently deliver this feedback. Our aim was to understand how often surgical residents should receive feedback and what barriers are preventing this from occurring. DESIGN: Surveys were distributed to resident and attending surgeons. Questions focused on the current frequency of postoperative feedback, desired frequency and methods of feedback, and perceived barriers...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893918/breast-milk-collection-and-storage-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-nurses-knowledge-practice-and-perceived-barriers
#11
Huda Falah Gharaibeh, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shefa Yousef Malkawi
BACKGROUND: Temporary storage of human milk under appropriate conditions encourages prolonged breast-feeding. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess neonatal nurses' knowledge and practice, as well as barriers, related to breast milk collection and storage and to investigate the association between nurses' knowledge and practice and other variables. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used. Consecutive samplings of 75 nurses were recruited. The questions were based on a literature review of guidelines for collecting and storing breast milk from various sources, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893777/simulating-next-generation-sequencing-datasets-from-empirical-mutation-and-sequencing-models
#12
Zachary D Stephens, Matthew E Hudson, Liudmila S Mainzer, Morgan Taschuk, Matthew R Weber, Ravishankar K Iyer
An obstacle to validating and benchmarking methods for genome analysis is that there are few reference datasets available for which the "ground truth" about the mutational landscape of the sample genome is known and fully validated. Additionally, the free and public availability of real human genome datasets is incompatible with the preservation of donor privacy. In order to better analyze and understand genomic data, we need test datasets that model all variants, reflecting known biology as well as sequencing artifacts...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893382/a-new-framework-for-quality-assessment-of-high-resolution-fingerprint-images
#13
Raoni Teixeira, Neucimar Leite
The quality assessment of sets of features extracted from patterns of epidermal ridges on our fingers is a biometric challenge problem with implications on questions concerning security, privacy and identity fraud. In this work, we introduced a new methodology to analyze the quality of high-resolution fingerprint images containing sets of fingerprint pores. Our approach takes into account the spatial interrelationship between the considered features and some basic transformations involving point process and anisotropic analysis...
November 22, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891430/study-of-barrier-to-help-seeking-and-its-relationships-with-disability-in-patients-with-headache
#14
Deepa John, Dushad Ram, Harsha Sundarmurthy, Harshal Rathod, Snehal Rathod
INTRODUCTION: Headache is among the first three most prevalent disorders with a wide treatment gap due to barriers in help seeking. Headache has been associated with disability. However, the relationship of barriers to help-seeking and disability are unexplored. AIM: To find out the barriers to help seeking and its relationship with headache related disability in patients with headache. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this hospital based cross-sectional study, 200 consecutive subjects with headache attending a tertiary care centre were recruited as per selection criteria and assessed with Sociodemographic & Clinical Proforma, Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), Barriers to Help Seeking Scale (BHSS), The Henry Ford Hospital Headache Disability Inventory (HDI)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890950/healthcare-seeking-preferences-of-patients-with-sexually-transmitted-infection-attending-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-kerala
#15
Sabeena Jayapalan
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem in developing countries. These diseases are associated with increased risk of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus as well as adverse outcomes on pregnancy and reproductive health. Sexual behavior and healthcare-seeking behavior are identified as the true risk factors of STIs. METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional study design was adopted. Eighty-five STI patients were studied regarding the inappropriate treatment-seeking behavior, the nature of the first point of contact with the health care, the appropriateness of treatment and the concerns of the patient regarding the services rendered by government health-care facilities...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890940/whatever-happened-to-formal-methods-for-security
#16
J Voas, K Schaffer
We asked 7 experts 7 questions to find out what has occurred recently in terms of applying formal methods (FM) to security-centric, cyber problems. We are continually reminded of the 1996 paper by Tony Hoare "How did Software Get So Reliable Without Proof?" [1] In that vein, how did we get so insecure with proof? Given daily press announcements concerning new malware, data breaches, and privacy loss, is FM still relevant or was it ever? Our experts answered with unique personal insights. We were curious as to whether this successful methodology in "safety-critical" has succeeded as well for today's "build it, hack it, patch it" mindset...
August 2016: Computer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885972/protecting-the-confidentiality-and-security-of-personal-health-information-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-the-era-of-sdgs-and-big-data
#17
Eduard J Beck, Wayne Gill, Paul R De Lay
BACKGROUND: As increasing amounts of personal information are being collected through a plethora of electronic modalities by statutory and non-statutory organizations, ensuring the confidentiality and security of such information has become a major issue globally. While the use of many of these media can be beneficial to individuals or populations, they can also be open to abuse by individuals or statutory and non-statutory organizations. Recent examples include collection of personal information by national security systems and the development of national programs like the Chinese Social Credit System...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885095/remediation-of-radium-legacies-from-the-swiss-watch-industry
#18
Christophe Murith, Sébastien Baechler, Sybille Estier, Martha Palacios-Gruson
Discovery of radioactive radium contaminations in a former landfill site in Biel was made in 2014. Following this, it was decided to search for and remediate sites that had possibly been contaminated with radium as a result of its use in the watchmaking industry between 1920 and 1960. This work describe the general approach to identify survey and remediate affected sites. The methods is based on the concept of existing exposure situations as developed by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, and is supported by an action plan for radium 2015-2019 approved by the Federal Council in 2015...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884850/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-anticoagulants-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-real-world-practice-a-population-based-cohort-study-protocol
#19
Anne Holbrook, Colin Dormuth, Richard Morrow, Agnes Lee, Sue Troyan, Guowei Li, Eleanor Pullenyegum
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulants are arguably the most important drug family of all, based on the frequency and duration of their use, and the clinical importance and frequency of benefits and harms. Several direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have recently joined warfarin for the treatment of atrial fibrillation, with a resultant significant expansion in use of oral anticoagulants (OACs). Our objectives are to compare safety and effectiveness of DOACs versus warfarin in a full population where anticoagulation management is good and to identify which types of patients do better with DOACs versus warfarin and vice versa...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884810/mobile-apps-in-oncology-a-survey-on-health-care-professionals-attitude-toward-telemedicine-mhealth-and-oncological-apps
#20
Kerstin A Kessel, Marco Me Vogel, Friederike Schmidt-Graf, Stephanie E Combs
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are an evolving trend in the medical field. To date, few apps in an oncological context exist. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyze the attitude of health care professionals (HCPs) toward telemedicine, mHealth, and mobile apps in the field of oncology. METHODS: We developed and conducted an online survey with 24 questions evaluating HCPs' general attitude toward telemedicine and patients using medical mobile apps. Specific questions on the possible functionality for patients and the resulting advantages and disadvantages for both the patients' and HCPs' daily clinical routine were evaluated...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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