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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812222/ethics-and-phishing-experiments
#1
David B Resnik, Peter R Finn
Phishing is a fraudulent form of email that solicits personal or financial information from the recipient, such as a password, username, or social security or bank account number. The scammer may use the illicitly obtained information to steal the victim's money or identity or sell the information to another party. The direct costs of phishing on consumers are exceptionally high and have risen substantially over the past 12 years. Phishing experiments that simulate real world conditions can provide cybersecurity experts with valuable knowledge they can use to develop effective countermeasures and prevent people from being duped by phishing emails...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809192/patient-perceptions-about-data-sharing-privacy-insights-from-actionade
#2
Serena S Small, David Peddie, Christine Ackerley, Corinne M Hohl, Ellen Balka
Information communication technologies (ICTs) may improve health delivery by enhancing informational continuity of care and enabling secondary use of health data including public health surveillance and research. ICTs also introduce concerns related to privacy. In this paper, we examine and address this tension in the context of the development and implementation of a novel platform that will enable the documentation and communication of patient-specific ADE information, titled ActionADE. We explored privacy concerns qualitatively from the perspective of patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807952/emerging-role-of-hpv-self-sampling-in-cervical-cancer-screening-for-hard-to-reach-women-focused-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Tina R Madzima, Mandana Vahabi, Aisha Lofters
OBJECTIVE: To provide a focused critical review of the literature on the acceptability, feasibility, and uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling among hard-to-reach women. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A focused search to obtain relevant literature published in English between 1997 and 2015 was done using PubMed and EMBASE using search terms including HPV self-test or HPV self-sample or HPV kit in combination with acceptability or feasibility. Only studies that focused on never-screened or underscreened populations were included in this review...
August 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807480/opportunities-and-challenges-in-screening-for-childhood-sexual-abuse
#4
Deepa L Sekhar, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Heather L Stuckey, Pamela D Witt, Erica B Francis, Ginger A Moore, Paul L Morgan, Jennie G Noll
Retrospective studies suggest 1 in 4 girls and 1 in 6 boys will experience sexual abuse before 18 years of age, resulting in future morbidity. Successful interventions exist, however, victims are reluctant to disclose. Screening for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) may provide an opportunity to overcome this barrier, yet no current model for universal CSA screening exists. We sought to understand the perspective of key stakeholders on CSA screening through qualitative research. Eight focus groups of 7-10 participants each (n=62) were conducted from April-September 2016...
August 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806484/tensions-in-perspectives-on-suicide-prevention-between-men-who-have-attempted-suicide-and-their-support-networks-secondary-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#5
Andrea S Fogarty, Michael Spurrier, Michael J Player, Kay Wilhelm, Erin L Whittle, Fiona Shand, Helen Christensen, Judith Proudfoot
BACKGROUND: Men generally have higher rates of suicide, despite fewer overt indicators of risk. Differences in presentation and response suggest a need to better understand why suicide prevention is less effective for men. OBJECTIVE: To explore the views of at-risk men, friends and family about the tensions inherent in suicide prevention and to consider how prevention may be improved. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of qualitative interview and focus group data, using thematic analysis techniques, alongside bracketing, construction and contextualisation...
August 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806232/assessment-of-medical-surgical-patients-perception-of-hospital-noises-and-reported-ability-to-rest
#6
Christine L Locke, Diana S Pope
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to determine if an enhanced privacy curtain (1) impacted ability to rest while hospitalized in the acute care setting and (2) improved patient satisfaction associated with environmental noise. METHODS: The project evaluated a privacy curtain designed to increase speech privacy and intelligibility and reduce reverberation time (echo). The curtain was similar to the existing privacy curtain with 2 exceptions: the curtain panel had pocket inserts that absorbed sound, and curtain panels could be zipped together to reduce sound transmission through gaps...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805797/human-genomics-projects-and-precision-medicine
#7
REVIEW
F Carrasco-Ramiro, R Peiró-Pastor, B Aguado
The completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP) in 2001 opened the floodgates to a deeper understanding of medicine. There are dozens of HGP-like projects which involve from a few tens to several million genomes currently in progress, which vary from having specialised goals or a more general approach. However, data generation, storage, management and analysis in public and private cloud computing platforms have raised concerns about privacy and security. The knowledge gained from further research has changed the field of genomics and is now slowly permeating into clinical medicine...
August 14, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805448/stakeholders-views-on-data-sharing-in-multicenter-studies
#8
Kathleen M Mazor, Allison Richards, Mia Gallagher, David E Arterburn, Marsha A Raebel, W Benjamin Nowell, Jeffrey R Curtis, Andrea R Paolino, Sengwee Toh
AIM: To understand stakeholders' views on data sharing in multicenter comparative effectiveness research studies and the value of privacy-protecting methods. MATERIALS & METHODS: Semistructured interviews with five US stakeholder groups. RESULTS: We completed 11 interviews, involving patients (n = 15), researchers (n = 10), Institutional Review Board and regulatory staff (n = 3), multicenter research governance experts (n = 2) and healthcare system leaders (n = 4)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805419/creating-space-for-relationships
#9
Susan L Maataoui, Jodi S Hardwick, Tessa S Lundquist
Sexuality is a key component of personality and behavior, encompassing basic human needs for touch, intimacy, love, affection, and sexual behavior. The design of long-term care facilities makes it almost impossible for a resident to be sexually intimate, to share romantic moments, or to have a meal in a private setting. This case study describes the rationale and process used to establish a private guestroom called the Family Room at Patriots Place, the specialized dementia unit in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Maine Healthcare System Community Living Center (CLC)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805115/hindrances-to-achieve-professional-confidence-the-nurse-s-participation-in-ethical-decision-making
#10
Anne Storaker, Dagfinn Nåden, Berit Sæteren
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that nurses generally do not participate in ethical decision-making in accordance with ethical guidelines for nurses. In addition to completing their training, nurses need to reflect on and use ethically grounded arguments and defined ethical values such as patient's dignity in their clinical work. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of how nurses deal with ethical decision-making in daily practice...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805113/hospitalized-adolescents-perception-of-dignity-a-qualitative-study
#11
Neda Jamalimoghadam, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Marzieh Momennasab, Abbas Ebadi, Najaf Zare
BACKGROUND: Adolescents can be vulnerable to diminished dignity in the hospital because young people have significantly different healthcare needs than children and adults. They like to cooperate with caregivers only when they get respectful and dignified care. Care without considering dignity can adversely influence the adolescents' recovery. However, many studies have been conducted on exploring the concept of the patients' dignity from the adult patients and fewer studies still have explored the dignity of young people...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802331/preliminary-physician-and-pharmacist-survey-of-the-national-health-insurance-pharmacloud-system-in-taiwan
#12
Yu-Ting Tseng, Elizabeth H Chang, Li-Na Kuo, Wan-Chen Shen, Kuan-Jen Bai, Chih-Chi Wang, Hsiang-Yin Chen
BACKGROUND: The PharmaCloud system, a cloud-based medication system, was launched by the Taiwan National Health Insurance Administration (NHIA) in 2013 to integrate patients' medication lists among different medical institutions. The aim of the preliminary study was to evaluate satisfaction with this system among physicians and pharmacists at the early stage of system implementation. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed through a review of the literature and discussion in 6 focus groups to understand the level of satisfaction, attitudes, and intentions of physicians and pharmacists using the PharmaCloud system...
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801417/optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-sonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-increased-intracranial-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#13
Alex Koziarz, Niv Sne, Fraser Kegel, Waleed Alhazzani, Siddharth Nath, Jetan H Badhiwala, Timothy Rice, Paul Engels, Faidi Samir, Andrew Healey, Kamyar Kahnamoui, Laura Banfield, Sunjay Sharma, Kesava Reddy, Gregory W J Hawryluk, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Saleh A Almenawer
INTRODUCTION: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is a significant neurological issue that may lead to permanent neurological sequelae. When evaluating patients with traumatic brain injury, it is crucial to identify those with high ICP in order to expedite ICP lowering measures and maintain adequate cerebral perfusion. Several measures are used to recognise patients with increased ICP including CT scan, MRI, ICP monitor, and lumbar puncture (LP). However, these tests can be invasive, associated with radiation exposure, contraindicated, or not readily available...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799677/text-message-reminders-for-improving-patient-appointment-adherence-in-an-office-based-buprenorphine-program-a-feasibility-study
#14
Babak Tofighi, Frank Grazioli, Sewit Bereket, Ellie Grossman, Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs, Joshua David Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Missed visits are common in office-based buprenorphine treatment (OBOT). The feasibility of text message (TM) appointment reminders among OBOT patients is unknown. METHODS: This 6-month prospective cohort study provided TM reminders to OBOT program patients (N = 93). A feasibility survey was completed following delivery of TM reminders and at 6 months. RESULTS: Respondents reported that the reminders should be provided to all OBOT patients (100%) and helped them to adhere to their scheduled appointment (97%)...
August 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799479/mothers-decisions-to-disclose-or-conceal-their-child-s-mental-health-disorder
#15
Kim Eaton, Jeneva L Ohan, Werner G K Stritzke, Hannah M Courtauld, Patrick W Corrigan
Parents of children with mental health disorders are often faced with the dilemma of disclosing or concealing their child's disorder. These decisions have important implications for both child and parent. Our aim is to describe mothers' experiences with the disclosure dilemma; specifically, we describe what is disclosed (or concealed), how, and why, as well as the consequences of these decisions. Data from interviews with 11 mothers of children (aged 5-13 years) with mental health disorders, and a participatory action research group (four mothers) were thematically analyzed...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798961/leaking-privacy-and-shadow-profiles-in-online-social-networks
#16
David Garcia
Social interaction and data integration in the digital society can affect the control that individuals have on their privacy. Social networking sites can access data from other services, including user contact lists where nonusers are listed too. Although most research on online privacy has focused on inference of personal information of users, this data integration poses the question of whether it is possible to predict personal information of nonusers. This article tests the shadow profile hypothesis, which postulates that the data given by the users of an online service predict personal information of nonusers...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796625/collaborative-ehealth-meets-security-privacy-enhancing-patient-profile-management
#17
Rosa Sanchez-Guerrero, Florina Almenarez, Daniel Diaz-Sanchez, Patricia Arias, Andres Marin
Collaborative healthcare environments offer potential benefits, including enhancing the healthcare quality delivered to patients and reducing costs. As a direct consequence, sharing of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) among healthcare providers has experienced a noteworthy growth in the last years, since it enables physicians to remotely monitor patients' health and enables individuals to manage their own health data more easily. However, these scenarios face significant challenges regarding security and privacy of the extremely sensitive information contained in EHRs...
August 7, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795612/anticipating-health-innovations-in-2030-2040-where-does-responsibility-lie-for-the-publics
#18
Pascale Lehoux, Fiona A Miller, Dominique Grimard, Philippe Gauthier
Considering that public engagement is pivotal to the mission of Responsible Research and Innovation, this article's aim is to examine how members of the public conceive of the relationship between responsibility and prospective health technologies. We organized four face-to-face deliberative workshops and an online forum wherein participants were invited to comment on scenarios involving three fictional technologies in 2030 and 2040. Our analyses describe how participants anticipated these technologies' impacts and formulated two conditions for their use: they should (1) be embedded within professional care and services and (2) include social protection of individual freedom and privacy...
August 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792576/-online-text-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-in-quebec
#19
Christine Thoër, Kathia Noiseux, Fabienne Siche, Caroline Palardy, Claire Vanier, Caroline Vrignaud
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Tel-jeunes created a text messaging intervention program to reach youth aged 12 to 17 years on their cell phones. Tel-jeunes was the first in the country to offer a text-based brief psychosocial interventions performed by professional counselors. Researchers were contacted to document and evaluate the program. OBJECTIVES: The research aimed to: 1) determine motives, contexts and issues that lead young people to use the SMS service; 2) document the characteristics of text-based brief intervention; and 3) assess the advantages and difficulties encountered by counselors who respounded to youth text-messages...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783122/epprd-an-efficient-privacy-preserving-power-requirement-and-distribution-aggregation-scheme-for-a-smart-grid
#20
Lei Zhang, Jing Zhang
A Smart Grid (SG) facilitates bidirectional demand-response communication between individual users and power providers with high computation and communication performance but also brings about the risk of leaking users' private information. Therefore, improving the individual power requirement and distribution efficiency to ensure communication reliability while preserving user privacy is a new challenge for SG. Based on this issue, we propose an efficient and privacy-preserving power requirement and distribution aggregation scheme (EPPRD) based on a hierarchical communication architecture...
August 7, 2017: Sensors
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