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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803545/a-multidisciplinary-consensus-for-clinical-care-and-research-needs-for-sturge-weber-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Alejandro J De la Torre, Aimee F Luat, Csaba Juhász, Mai Lan Ho, Davis P Argersinger, Kara M Cavuoto, Mabel Enriquez-Algeciras, Stephanie Tikkanen, Paula North, Craig N Burkhart, Harry T Chugani, Karen L Ball, Anna Lecticia Pinto, Jeffrey A Loeb
BACKGROUND: Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder associated with port-wine birthmark, leptomeningeal capillary malformations, and glaucoma. It is associated with an unpredictable clinical course. Because of its rarity and complexity, many physicians are unaware of the disease and its complications. A major focus moving ahead will be to turn knowledge gaps and unmet needs into new research directions. METHODS: On October 1-3, 2017, the Sturge-Weber Foundation assembled clinicians from the Clinical Care Network with patients from the Patient Engagement Network of the Sturge-Weber Foundation to identify our current state of knowledge, knowledge gaps, and unmet needs...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770054/new-vaccine-administration-practice-recommendations-from-the-canadian-immunization-guide
#2
C Jensen, D Moore, C Mah, O Baclic, S Marchant-Short
Background: The Canadian Immunization Guide (CIG) is published online by the Public Health Agency of Canada and summarizes guidance on vaccines for human use into a single resource. Chapters are reviewed and updated on a regular basis. Vaccine administration is a critical part of any immunization program. Recently, the CIG chapter on vaccine administration practices was updated. Objective: To provide highlights of recent changes to the Vaccine Administration Practices chapter of the CIG...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753575/quantitative-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-mapping-may-predict-seizure-onset-in-children-with-sturge-weber-syndrome
#3
Anna L R Pinto, Yangming Ou, Mustafa Sahin, P Ellen Grant
BACKGROUND: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is often accompanied by seizures, stroke-like episodes, hemiparesis, and visual field deficits. This study aimed to identify early pathophysiologic changes that exist before the development of clinical symptoms and to evaluate if the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map is a candidate early biomarker of seizure risk in patients with SWS. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study using quantitative ADC analysis to predict onset of epilepsy...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682072/venous-malformation-cavernous-hemangioma-of-the-supraorbital-nerve
#4
Jung-Hoon Kim, Jin-Gyu Choi, Byung-Chul Son
Cavernous hemangiomas are not true vascular tumors, but rather are slow-flow venous malformations (VMs). They are present at birth as nonproliferating vascular birthmarks composed of anomalous ectatic venous channels. VMs have often been incorrectly called cavernous hemangiomas and cavernous angiomas. These terms have for a long time lead to confusion with the more common proliferating or true hemangioma of infancy. VM has been reported to arise at all sites including skin and subcutaneous layers of the head and neck, face, extremities, liver, gastrointestinal tract, and even the thymus...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668117/development-of-molecular-therapies-for-venous-malformations
#5
REVIEW
Jaakko Kangas, Marjut Nätynki, Lauri Eklund
Vascular anomalies are localized defects of morphogenesis that can affect lymphatic and blood vessels. They are generally called birthmarks, typically observed soon after birth and occurring in up to 10% of children. Based on their clinical and histological characteristics, they are classified into vascular tumours and vascular malformations. The most common malformations are venous malformations (VMs) resulting in chronic vascular diseases that can be associated with significant morbidity necessitating often demanding and repeating clinical management...
April 18, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667726/interventions-for-infantile-haemangiomas-of-the-skin
#6
REVIEW
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602719/reincarnation-type-presentations-of-children-with-high-functioning-autism-in-sri-lanka
#7
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
Autism is characterised by impaired social communication and restricted repetitive behaviours. However, language and intelligence are spared in high-functioning individuals. The symptomatology is complex and culturally diverse. Buddhists and Hindus believe in rebirth and reincarnation type presentations in children are frequently seen among these populations. Here we describe three children from Sri Lanka claiming memories of their past lives and later diagnosed to have high-functioning autism. The first, a seven-year-old Buddhist believes he was killed by terrorists as a soldier in his previous life and attributed his birthmark to be an injury which caused death...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566276/angiographic-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-of-hemangiomas-and-port-wine-birthmarks
#8
Jill S Waibel, Jon Holmes, Ashley Rudnick, Daniel Woods, Kristen M Kelly
OBJECTIVES: A current therapeutic challenge of vascular lesions is that they do not always respond effectively to laser treatment. Information on targeted vessels could potentially be used to guide laser treatments. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a useful tool for the non-invasive imaging of tissues, including skin hemangiomas and port wine birthmarks. Dynamic OCT is able to rapidly characterize cutaneous blood vessels. The primary goal of this study was to demonstrate the ability of bedside OCT to image (i) overall vessel pattern; (ii) individual vessel morphology, diameter and depth; and (iii) total vessel density as a function of depth in infantile hemangiomas and port wine birthmarks (PWB)...
March 22, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542044/multiple-laser-pulses-in-conjunction-with-an-optical-clearing-agent-to-improve-the-curative-effect-of-cutaneous-vascular-lesions
#9
Jun Ma, Bin Chen, Dong Li, Yue Zhang, Zhaoxia Ying
Port-wine stain (PWS) birthmark is a congenital microvascular malformation of the skin. A 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser can achieve a deeper treatment, but the weak absorption by blood limits its clinical application. Multiple laser pulses (MLPs) are a potential solution to enhance the curative effect of a Nd:YAG laser. To reduce the pulse number (pn ) required for the thermal destruction of the blood vessel, the effect of glucose in conjunction with MLP was investigated. In vivo experiments were performed on a dorsal skin chamber model...
March 14, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427704/finding-makhubu-a-morphological-forensic-facial-comparison
#10
T M R Houlton, M Steyn
June 16, 1976, marks the Soweto Youth Student Uprising in South Africa. A harrowing image capturing police brutality from that day comprises of 18-year-old Mbuyisa Makhubu carrying a dying 12-year-old Hector Peterson. This circulated international press and contributed to world pressure against the apartheid government. This elevated Makhubu's profile with the national security police and forced him to flee to Botswana, then Nigeria, before disappearing in 1978. In 1988, Victor Vinnetou illegally entered Canada and was later arrested on immigration charges in 2004...
April 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399306/topical-halometasone-reduces-acute-adverse-effects-induced-by-pulsed-dye-laser-for-treatment-of-port-wine-stain-birthmarks
#11
Lin Gao, Linhan Qian, Li Wang, Kai Li, Rong Yin, Yanting Wang, Hanmei Kang, Wenting Song, Gang Wang
Introduction: Pulsed dye laser (PDL) for treatment of port wine stain (PWS) usually causes some acute adverse effects, including pain, erythema, scabbing and swelling. This study aimed to determine whether topical halometasone can be used to reduce these acute adverse effects for post-PDL care of patients. Methods: A total of 40 PWS subjects were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into two regimens: PDL alone and PDL + halometasone. All subjects were given a single treatment of PDL with wavelength of 595 nm, fluence of 8...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340954/the-cultural-epigenesis-of-gender-based-violence-in-cambodia-local-and-buddhist-perspectives
#12
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which Cambodians see its causes and effects and to identify and analyse the cultural forces that underpin and shape its landscape. An ethnographic study was carried out with 102 perpetrators and survivors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against women and 228 key informants from the Buddhist and healing sectors. Their views and experiences of it were recorded-the popular idioms expressed and the symptoms of distress experienced by survivors and perpetrators...
January 16, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280366/outcomes-of-infantile-onset-glaucoma-associated-with-port-wine-birthmarks-and-other-periocular-cutaneous-vascular-malformation
#13
Daniela Reyes-Capó, Kara M Cavuoto, Ta C Chang
PURPOSE: The incidence of infantile-onset secondary glaucoma associated with periocular cutaneous vascular malformations is high and the outcomes of these glaucomatous eyes have anecdotally been poor. The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomic and visual outcomes of affected eyes. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Consecutive patients with early-onset (younger than 36 months of age) glaucoma associated with cutaneous vascular malformations from 1995‒2015 were included...
March 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224039/state-of-the-art-lasers-and-light-treatments-for-vascular-lesions-from-red-faces-to-vascular-malformations
#14
Manuel Valdebran, Brent Martin, Kristen M Kelly
Notable milestones in the treatment of vascular lesions have been achieved over the past century. Many cutaneous vascular lesions can be successfully treated with lightbased devices. In this review, we will discuss the treatment of port-wine birthmarks, lymphatic malformations, infantile hemangiomas, rosacea, venous lakes, pyogenic granulomas, cherry angiomas, and angiofibromas using lasers, total reflection amplification of spontaneous emission of radiation, intense pulsed light, and photodynamic therapy. In addition, for several of these diagnoses, we will review medical therapies that can be combined with light-based devices to provide enhanced results...
December 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189879/-vascular-anomalies-part-i-vascular-tumors
#15
S Mylonas, S Brunkwall, J Brunkwall
Vascular anomalies represent a spectrum of structural disorders and inborn errors of vascular morphogenesis, which may affect the entire arterial and venous vascular tree. They are divided into two major categories: tumors, which exhibit endothelial hyperplasia and malformations, which have normal endothelial turnover unless disturbed. Depending on their nature and complexity they can range from a simple "birthmark" to life-threatening entities. The relatively low incidence (4-10%) of vascular anomalies among the general population combined with the fact that their management often falls within the purview of several different medical and surgical specialties, has traditionally resulted in insufficient expertise in the management of these conditions...
March 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117302/nathaniel-hawthorne-s-the-birthmark
#16
Elizabeth J Usedom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058251/cutaneous-lesions-and-disorders-in-healthy-neonates-and-their-relationships-with-maternal-neonatal-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Rita Ábrahám, Angéla Meszes, Zita Gyurkovits, Judit Bakki, Hajnalka Orvos, Zsanett Renáta Csoma
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous lesions are very common in neonates. Although a number of studies have reported on their incidence, very little is known about the factors that influence them. We set out to investigate a large population of neonates with the aims of achieving an overall picture of neonatal skin manifestations, and examining their relationships with various maternal, neonatal and perinatal factors. METHODS: This study was conducted on neonates born at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Szeged between June 2013 and July 2015...
December 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954113/hemoporfin-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-port-wine-stain-birthmarks-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Yunjie Zhang, Shuang Jiang, Hongxia Chen, Xianbiao Zou
Port-wine stain is a type of common congenital superficial telangiectasia in the dermal layer mostly occurring on the forehead, face, and neck. The affected skin shows abnormal red or purple lesions, which darken and thicken. Nodular changes may develop with advancing age. If untreated, port-wine stains scarcely regress, which can have serious lifelong psychological impact on patients and affect their quality of life. In this report, we focused on two cases of port-wine stain in pediatric patients; the youngest patient was only 1...
July 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941044/potential-biological-targets-for-bioassay-development-in-drug-discovery-of-sturge-weber-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Fatemeh Mohammadipanah, Fatemeh Salimi
Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a neurocutaneous disease with clinical manifestations including ocular (glaucoma), cutaneous (port-wine birthmark), neurologic (seizures), and vascular problems. Molecular mechanisms of SWS pathogenesis are initiated by the somatic mutation in GNAQ. Therefore, no definite treatments exist for SWS and treatment options only mitigate the intensity of its clinical manifestations. Biological assay design for drug discovery against this syndrome demands comprehensive knowledge on mechanisms which are involved in its pathogenesis...
February 2018: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940934/the-patterns-of-birthmarks-suggest-a-novel-population-of-melanocyte-precursors-arising-around-the-time-of-gastrulation
#20
Veronica A Kinsler, Lionel Larue
Systematic work in the mouse and chicken has mapped out two neural crest-derived pathways of melanocyte precursor migration. With these in mind, this study reappraises the patterns of congenital pigmentary disorders in humans and identifies three recurrent patterns consistent across genetically different diseases. Only two of these are seen in diseases known to be melanocyte cell-autonomous. The segmental pattern correlates well with the classical dorsolateral population from animal studies, demonstrating respect of the midline, cranio-caudal axial mixing, unilateral migration and involvement of key epidermally derived structures...
January 2018: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
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