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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189879/-vascular-anomalies-part%C3%A2-i-vascular-tumors
#1
S Mylonas, S Brunkwall, J Brunkwall
Vascular anomalies represent a spectrum of structural disorders and inborn errors of vascular morphogenesis, which may affect the entire arterial and venous vascular tree. They are divided into two major categories: tumors, which exhibit endothelial hyperplasia and malformations, which have normal endothelial turnover unless disturbed. Depending on their nature and complexity they can range from a simple "birthmark" to life-threatening entities. The relatively low incidence (4-10%) of vascular anomalies among the general population combined with the fact that their management often falls within the purview of several different medical and surgical specialties, has traditionally resulted in insufficient expertise in the management of these conditions...
November 30, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117302/nathaniel-hawthorne-s-the-birthmark
#2
Elizabeth J Usedom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058251/cutaneous-lesions-and-disorders-in-healthy-neonates-and-their-relationships-with-maternal-neonatal-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Rita Ábrahám, Angéla Meszes, Zita Gyurkovits, Judit Bakki, Hajnalka Orvos, Zsanett Renáta Csoma
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous lesions are very common in neonates. Although a number of studies have reported on their incidence, very little is known about the factors that influence them. We set out to investigate a large population of neonates with the aims of achieving an overall picture of neonatal skin manifestations, and examining their relationships with various maternal, neonatal and perinatal factors. METHODS: This study was conducted on neonates born at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Szeged between June 2013 and July 2015...
December 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954113/hemoporfin-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-port-wine-stain-birthmarks-in-pediatric-patients
#4
Yunjie Zhang, Shuang Jiang, Hongxia Chen, Xianbiao Zou
Port-wine stain is a type of common congenital superficial telangiectasia in the dermal layer mostly occurring on the forehead, face, and neck. The affected skin shows abnormal red or purple lesions, which darken and thicken. Nodular changes may develop with advancing age. If untreated, port-wine stains scarcely regress, which can have serious lifelong psychological impact on patients and affect their quality of life. In this report, we focused on two cases of port-wine stain in pediatric patients; the youngest patient was only 1...
July 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941044/potential-biological-targets-for-bioassay-development-in-drug-discovery-of-sturge-weber-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Fatemeh Mohammadipanah, Fatemeh Salimi
Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a neurocutaneous disease with clinical manifestations including ocular (glaucoma), cutaneous (port-wine birthmark), neurologic (seizures), and vascular problems. Molecular mechanisms of SWS pathogenesis are initiated by the somatic mutation in GNAQ. Therefore, no definite treatments exist for SWS and treatment options only mitigate the intensity of its clinical manifestations. Biological assay design for drug discovery against this syndrome demands comprehensive knowledge on mechanisms which are involved in its pathogenesis...
September 21, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940934/the-patterns-of-birthmarks-suggest-a-novel-population-of-melanocyte-precursors-arising-around-the-time-of-gastrulation
#6
Veronica A Kinsler, Lionel Larue
Systematic work in the mouse and chicken has mapped out two neural crest-derived pathways of melanocyte precursor migration. With these in mind, this study reappraises the patterns of congenital pigmentary disorders in humans and identifies three recurrent patterns consistent across genetically different diseases. Only two of these are seen in diseases known to be melanocyte cell-autonomous. The segmental pattern correlates well with the classical dorsolateral population from animal studies, demonstrating respect of the midline, cranio-caudal axial mixing, unilateral migration and involvement of key epidermally derived structures...
September 23, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928923/adult-neck-hemangiolymphangioma-a-case-and-review-of-its-etiology-diagnosis-and-management
#7
Tyler Murphy, Daryl Ramai, Jonathan Lai, Kiyoe Sullivan, Cecil Grimes
Vascular anomalies constitute some of the most difficult diagnostic and therapeutic enigmas in the practice of medicine, ranging from an asymptomatic birthmark to life-threatening congestive heart failure. Hemangiolymphangiomas (HLA) are extremely rare vascular malformations of both lymphatic and blood vessels in which 80-90% are diagnosed during the first 2 years of life. Though rare, these vascular malformations have promising clinical outcomes. We report a case of a 28-year-old male who presented with a neck mass of unknown etiology...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884908/analysis-of-dermatologic-consultations-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-over-a-7-year-period-retrospective-review-of-60-cases
#8
Jeong Nan Kang, Do Hyeong Kim, So Hee Park, Jung Eun Seol, Hyojin Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The need for dermatology consultations for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients is increasing, but no study has systemically examined the skin diseases of patients in NICUs. The aim of this study was to analyze dermatology consultations in the NICU of a tertiary medical center in Korea and determine the effect of the dermatology consultation on the clinical course and management of the patients after the consultation. METHODS: The medical records of patients undergoing dermatologic consultation during their stay in a NICU between March 2009 and February 2016 were reviewed retrospectively...
September 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711177/size-of-facial-port-wine-birthmark-may-predict-neurologic-outcome-in-sturge-weber-syndrome
#9
Malgorzata Dymerska, Anna Y Kirkorian, Elizabeth A Offermann, Doris D Lin, Anne M Comi, Bernard A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the size of the birthmark in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) who have brain involvement can help predict neurologic disability. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-one patients with SWS with facial birthmarks and brain involvement documented on magnetic resonance imaging were included in this retrospective chart review. A neuroradiologist, blinded to all clinical information, assigned a previously validated SWS neuroimaging score. A pediatric neurologist prospectively assigned previously validated neurologic severity scores, based on seizures, hemiparesis, visual field cut, and cognitive impairments...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406466/artificial-red-blood-cells-as-potential-photosensitizers-in-dye-laser-treatment-against-port-wine-stains
#10
REVIEW
Naoaki Rikihisa, Shoji Watanabe, Yoshiaki Saito, Hiromi Sakai
We suggest a novel method that uses artificial blood cells (hemoglobin vesicles, Hb-Vs) as photosensitizers in dye laser treatment (at 595-nm wavelength) for port-wine stains (i.e., capillary malformations presenting as red birthmarks) based on the results of animal experiments. As compared with human red blood cells, Hb-Vs have the same absorbance of 595 nm wavelength light and produce the same level of heat following dye laser irradiation. Small sized Hb-Vs (250 nm) distribute in the plasma phase in blood and tend to flow in the marginal zone of microvessels...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360970/pediatric-dermatology
#11
REVIEW
Leslie Castelo-Soccio, Patrick McMahon
Skin changes are common in children. Common concerns are birthmarks (e.g., hemangiomas and port wine stains), atopic and contact dermatitis, acne, and alopecia areata. The authors review advances in common and not so common skin changes in pediatric patients.
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339093/rock-inhibition-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-involved-in-apoptosis-in-hemangioma
#12
Ming-Ke Qiu, Shu-Qing Wang, Chang Pan, Yang Wang, Zhi-Wei Quan, Ying-Bin Liu, Jing-Min Ou
Gene expression was examined in hemangiomas (HA), benign, birthmark-like tumors occurring in infancy, and confirmed in HA-derived endothelial cells (HDEC), for which cell proliferation and apoptosis were also assessed. Protein and mRNA accumulation of Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen was significantly higher in proliferating phase HAs than in involuting phase HAs. In contrast, p53 and caspase-3 exhibited higher levels of accumulation in involuting than proliferating HAs...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001100/content-validity-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-used-with-pediatric-patients-with-facial-differences-a-systematic-review
#13
Natasha M Wickert, Karen W Y Wong Riff, Mark Mansour, Christopher R Forrest, Timothy E E Goodacre, Andrea L Pusic, Anne F Klassen
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this systematic review was to identify patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments used in research with children/youth with conditions associated with facial differences to identify the health concepts measured. DESIGN:   MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 2004 to 2016 to identify PRO instruments used in acne vulgaris, birthmarks, burns, ear anomalies, facial asymmetries, and facial paralysis patients. We performed a content analysis whereby the items were coded to identify concepts and categorized as positive or negative content or phrasing...
December 21, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981606/evaluation-of-cutaneous-findings-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#14
Hilal Kaya Erdogan, Saniye Tulin Fıdan, Isil Bulur, Tekden Karapınar, Zeynep Nurhan Saracoglu
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by attention, concentration, mobility, and impulse control problems and is among the most frequently seen psychiatric disorders during childhood. Our aim was to evaluate cutaneous findings in children and adolescents with ADHD. In our study we found that onychophagy, traumatic skin changes, atopy and related symptoms, certain birthmarks, and acne were frequent cutaneous findings in children with ADHD. Although a limitation is the lack of a control group, ADHD is very common, and our study suggests that further studies of cutaneous findings and ADHD are warranted...
March 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875703/prevalence-and-characterization-of-neonatal-skin-disorders-in-the-first-72h-of-life
#15
Flávia Pereira Reginatto, Damie DeVilla, Fernanda M Muller, Juliano Peruzzo, Letícia P Peres, Raquel B Steglich, Tania F Cestari
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neonatal dermatological findings and analyze whether there is an association between these findings and neonatal and pregnancy characteristics and seasonality. METHODS: Newborns from three maternity hospitals in a Brazilian capital city were randomly selected to undergo dermatological assessment by dermatologists. RESULTS: 2938 neonates aged up to three days of life were randomly selected, of whom 309 were excluded due to Intensive Care Unit admission...
May 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873347/infantile-hemangioma-with-minimal-or-arrested-growth-further-observations-on-clinical-and-histopathologic-findings-of-this-unique-but-underrecognized-entity
#16
Ellen Hui Ma, Susan J Robertson, Chung W Chow, Philip S Bekhor
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) with minimal or arrested growth (IH-MAG) is becoming increasingly recognized in the literature. It is important to be aware of their existence, because the correct diagnosis is essential for prognostication and treatment and, in the case of facial segmental lesions, the direction of further investigations if PHACE (posterior fossa abnormalities and other structural brain abnormalities; hemangioma(s) of the cervical facial region; arterial cerebrovascular anomalies; cardiac defects, aortic coarctation, and other aortic abnormalities; eye anomalies) syndrome or Sturge-Weber syndrome is suspected...
January 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607317/vascular-tumors-and-malformations-in-children-introduction
#17
Sheilagh M Maguiness
Over the past decade, I have been amazed at the growth in the field of vascular anomalies. The recognition of vascular birthmarks as a defined area of medicine is a relatively recent event. The International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) was founded by Drs John Mulliken and Anthony Young in the late 1970s. Mulliken and Glowacki's sentinel 1982 paper on the biologic classification of vascular anomalies further established the field, by providing clarity of nomenclature and unifying concepts that had previously been lacking...
March 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396297/patient-perspectives-what-is-a-port-wine-stain-also-known-as-a-port-wine-birthmark
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293402/basal-cell-carcinoma-or-trichoblastoma-dermoscopic-examination-of-black-macules-developing-in-the-same-nevus-sebaceus
#19
Shinya Kitamura, Hiroo Hata, Keisuke Imafuku, Hiroshi Shimizu
Nevus sebaceus (NS) is a common congenital birthmark, and various tumors have been reported to develop in NS. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) seldom occurs in NS, and it is very important to be able to clinicopathologically distinguish BCC from trichoblastoma. Herein, we describe a case of BCC and trichoblastoma occurring simultaneously in the same NS, including the differential dermoscopic features. BCC is clinically difficult to distinguish from trichoblastoma because the clinical manifestations are similar. In a dermoscopic examination of BCC, arborizing vessels are one of the diagnostically significant features...
January 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268758/leveraging-a-sturge-weber-gene-discovery-an-agenda-for-future%C3%A2-research
#20
Anne M Comi, Mustafa Sahin, Adrienne Hammill, Emma H Kaplan, Csaba Juhász, Paula North, Karen L Ball, Alex V Levin, Bernard Cohen, Jill Morris, Warren Lo, E Steve Roach
Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a vascular neurocutaneous disorder that results from a somatic mosaic mutation in GNAQ, which is also responsible for isolated port-wine birthmarks. Infants with SWS are born with a cutaneous capillary malformation (port-wine birthmark) of the forehead or upper eyelid which can signal an increased risk of brain and/or eye involvement prior to the onset of specific symptoms. This symptom-free interval represents a time when a targeted intervention could help to minimize the neurological and ophthalmologic manifestations of the disorder...
May 2016: Pediatric Neurology
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