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M Katharina Wiedlack
This essay analyses the recent focus on Russian human rights violations in Anglophone media, scrutinising the ideological agenda of the visual politics which strategically foreground victimised bodies of Russian dissidents. Notwithstanding the importance of a critique on human rights violations, the article points to the unwanted but very real side effects the current mediatisations of violence have, from structural victimisation and the creation of 'gay martyrs' to the resignification of the West as progressive and 'gay' and Russia as backward and heterosexual...
2017: European Journal of English Studies
Bjørn Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Health and disease are core concepts in health care and have attracted substantial interest and controversy. In recent and interesting contributions to the debate it has been argued that the challenges with the concept of disease can be resolved by a prototype concept of disease. As a robin is a more prototypical of a bird than a penguin, some diseases are more prototypical than others. If disease is a prototype concept, it would change nosology, but also health care and the study of health and disease...
September 11, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Baburajan Radha, Gnanaraj Muniraj
The proportion of the reported cases of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection reached the status of a pandemic. Numerous studies are being conducted on the isolation of ZIKV strains from various epidemics, diagnosis of the infections, various animal models and cell culture designs to study the pathogenesis of ZIKV in the attempts to find an effective ZIKV vaccine. This review focuses upon the 'Off-Spectrum' body of studies which analyses the epidemiology, pathogenesis and other attributes of ZIKV in the light of various dissident hypotheses...
July 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
F Bauduer
Evolutionary medicine represents an innovative approach deriving from evolutionary biology. It includes the initial Darwin's view, its actualization in the light of progresses in genetics and also dissident theories (i.e. non gene-based) particularly epigenetics. This approach enables us to reconsider the pathophysiology of numerous diseases, as for instance, infection, and our so-called diseases of civilization especially obesity, type 2 diabetes, allergy or cancer. Evolutionary medicine may also improve our knowledge regarding inter-individual variation in susceptibility to disease or drugs...
March 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Michael Colborne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Ingrid Lynch, Matthew Clayton
In predominantly isiXhosa-speaking township communities in South Africa, men who have sex with men negotiate their identities and sexual practices alongside heteronormative cultural scripts of what it means to be a man. Such idealised notions of masculinity are predicated on the selective appropriation of cultural practices that preserve (heterosexual) male privilege and power. In this paper, we explore the identity work done by men who have sex with men, with particular reference to male circumcision as a cultural practice widely drawn on to inform and regulate normative masculinity...
March 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Amos Squverer
This article proposes to address certain epistemological controversies in psychoanalysis by elucidating them through the religious field. The theological field serves the author as the repressed, which indicates the latent stakes that continue to do work at the heart of these debates. The goal is to show how debates that take place on the epistemological level bring into confrontation different anthropological concepts and discursive traditions that have their roots in religious discourses. The principal hypothesis of the author is that the dissident theories of psychoanalysis can be understood as a return to a pre-monotheistic theological conception or to an idolatrous practice that aims, primarily, to undo castration...
August 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Mauro Santos, Eörs Szathmáry, José F Fontanari
An increasing number of dissident voices claim that the standard neo-Darwinian view of genes as 'leaders' and phenotypes as 'followers' during the process of adaptive evolution should be turned on its head. This idea is older than the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of inheritance, with the turn-of-the-twentieth-century notion eventually labeled as the 'Baldwin effect' as one of the many ways in which the standard neo-Darwinian view can be turned around. A condition for this effect is that environmentally induced variation such as phenotypic plasticity or learning is crucial for the initial establishment of a trait...
April 21, 2015: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Alan Costall, Paul Morris
We examine how the textbooks have dealt with one of psychology's most eminent dissidents, James Gibson (1904-1979). Our review of more than a hundred textbooks, dating from the 1950s to the present, reveals fundamental and systematic misrepresentations of Gibson. Although Gibson continues to figure in most of the textbooks, his work is routinely assimilated to theoretical positions he emphatically rejected: cue theory, stimulus-response psychology, and nativism. As Gibson's one-time colleague, Ulric Neisser, pointed out, psychologists are especially prone to trying to understand new proposals "by mapping it on to some existing scheme," and warned that when "an idea is really new, that strategy fails" (Neisser, 1990, p...
February 2015: History of Psychology
Stanley M Aronson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Aaron Benjamin Frank, Margaret Goud Collins, Simon A Levin, Andrew W Lo, Joshua Ramo, Ulf Dieckmann, Victor Kremenyuk, Arkady Kryazhimskiy, JoAnne Linnerooth-Bayer, Ben Ramalingam, J Stapleton Roy, Donald G Saari, Stefan Thurner, Detlof von Winterfeldt
The contemporary global community is increasingly interdependent and confronted with systemic risks posed by the actions and interactions of actors existing beneath the level of formal institutions, often operating outside effective governance structures. Frequently, these actors are human agents, such as rogue traders or aggressive financial innovators, terrorists, groups of dissidents, or unauthorized sources of sensitive or secret information about government or private sector activities. In other instances, influential "actors" take the form of climate change, communications technologies, or socioeconomic globalization...
December 9, 2014: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jerrold M Post, Cody McGinnis, Kristen Moody
There are no psychological characteristics or psychopathology separating terrorists from the general population. Rather, it is group dynamics, with a particular emphasis on collective identity, that helps to explain terrorist psychology. Just as there is a diverse spectrum of kinds of terrorism, so too is there a spectrum of terrorist psychologies. Some terrorists, those in nationalist-separatist groups, such as Fatah and the IRA, are continuing with the mission of their parents who are dissident to the regime...
May 2014: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
B M Kramer
This paper argues that tenant participation in the substance of the housing environment is a major avenue for developing and maintaining viable public housing communities. If tenants participate in shaping basic decisions, a healthy encounter can develop with management from which can flow an atmosphere of battle-tested mutual trust and respect. A successful effort of tenants at Columbia Point in Boston illustrates the effectiveness of tenant participation. The paper proposes the creation of a tenants' health council to negotiate a contract with a health agency to provide agreed-upon health services in a public housing community...
September 1967: Community Mental Health Journal
Rosemary Balsam
These three early psychoanalysts, who differed in important ways from Freud, each tried to shift his fundamental beliefs about women's bodies in basic developmental theory. This paper illustrates this point by elaborating their materials concerning the centrality of childbirth. One thematic aspect of Freud's disruptive fights with colleagues lay in his loyalty to phallocratic certainties. These problems still affect us, a century later, even in today's clinically pluralistic climate.
October 2013: Psychoanalytic Review
Rosamaria Carneiro
For the groups of women devotees of ways of giving birth other than cesarean section and the technocratic hospital model, the pain of labor seems to operate at another register, quite different from disorder and something to be avoided. Fully prepared to "experience the birth," they seem to eagerly embrace the contractions, the emotions and lack of control, giving expression to perceptions of health that appear to be permeated by sexuality and spirituality and by elements of ecstasy and trance. Therefore, the scope of this paper is to explore whether and in what ways these experiences and perceptions have dislodged the medical practice of "biopolitics," thereby examining their impressions and attitudes in light of the logic of the intense emotions and affection, namely of new modes of subjectivity and possibility of other moralities, other than hysteria and the fragility of women's bodies...
August 2013: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Bláthnaid Nolan
This article focuses on how the sexuality of convict women transported in the first half of the nineteenth century to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) was monitored by the British establishment. A series of Victorian enquiries into the convict system were set up to report on the efficacy of transportation. I argue that the anxious discussion and ensuing policies used to observe, curtail, punish, and "correct" convict women's bodies reveal the processes by which Victorian gender, class, and race regimes were socially constructed...
2013: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Javier Bandrés, Rafael Llavona, Eva Zubieta
BACKGROUND: Francisco J. de Echalecu (1897-1957) was a Spanish psychiatrist who held important positions, such as Psychology Professor at the Academia General de Policía and Neuropsychiatrist at the Dirección General de Seguridad. METHOD: This work provides a brief biography of Echalecu and analyzes the transcriptions of his classes on Criminal Psychology of 1942, his Criminal Psychology from 1947 as well as his involvement in the case of the torture of Communist leader Heriberto Quiñones...
February 2013: Psicothema
John McAllister
This paper is a strategic intervention in the debate over the value of globalised gay identity for emerging sexual minority communities in the South. Focusing on self-identifying gay men in Botswana using semi-structured interviews, it explores their views of what characterises 'modern gay culture' and relates these to international media clichés of a glamorous, stylish, hedonistic gayness. I argue that identifying with what is so visibly a Western image of gayness exposes sexual minority communities to the most dangerous of the justifications for homophobia in Africa, the argument that sexual dissidence is a neo-colonial conspiracy to subvert 'African values'...
2013: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Day Wong, Pik Ki Leung
The removal of homosexuality from the list of mental disorders and the repeal of restrictive sexual laws deem that Foucault's argument on the discursive control of homosexuality requires refinement to take into consideration the continual modernization and improvement of power. This article examines the multilayered discursive terrain in Hong Kong where homosexuality is created, regulated, and contested in the contemporary era. With the popularization of human rights discourse, sexual dissidents are not simply treated as criminal or pathological; rather, legal and medical discourses have shifted to an increasing reliance on notions of risk to put mechanisms of social regulation in place...
2012: Journal of Homosexuality
Sam Eljamel
BACKGROUND: Behavioral surgery (BS) is resurging because of unmet clinical need, advances in basic sciences, neuroimaging, neurostimulation, and stereotaxy. However, there is a danger that BS will fall unless acceptable strategies are adopted by BS providers. METHODS: A critical review of conditions leading to rise of psychosurgery (PS) and concerns resulting in its fall was conducted to learn lessons and safeguard BS of the future. RESULTS: PS rose and spread in 1960 like wildfire without adequate preclinical and clinical studies...
2012: Surgical Neurology International
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