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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905090/narrative-medicine-in-metastatic-prostate-cancer-reveals-ways-to-improve-patient-awareness-quality-of-care
#1
Giuseppe De Vincentis, Fabio Monari, Sergio Baldari, Matteo Salgarello, Viviana Frantellizzi, Elisabetta Salvi, Luigi Reale, Silvia Napolitano, Giario Conti, Enrico Cortesi
AIM: To describe the journey of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in treatment with radium-223. METHODS: A multiperspective analysis was performed using narrative medicine in four Italian centers. RESULTS: The substantial impact of mCRPC on quality of life through all phases of the disease was described. After an initial lack of awareness of the disease or denial of its effects, symptoms of pain, fatigue and side effects often led to sadness, fear and loneliness...
June 15, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#2
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901829/the-relationship-of-type-1-diabetes-self-management-barriers-to-child-and-parent-quality-of-life-a-us-cross-sectional-study
#3
N Saoji, M Palta, H N Young, M A Moreno, V Rajamanickam, E D Cox
AIM: Families of children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes experience self-management challenges that negatively impact diabetes control. This study assesses whether self-management challenges are also associated with quality of life (QOL) for children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes and their parents. METHODS: Children aged 8-12 years (n = 135), adolescents aged 13-16 years (n = 132) and their parents completed QOL assessments (diabetes-specific QOL from the PedsQL Diabetes Module or the Family Impact Module, both scaled 0-100) and a validated survey of up to six self-management barriers [PRISM; scaled 1 (low) to 5 (high)]...
June 14, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897001/the-challenges-of-working-with-men-who-perpetrate-partner-violence-perspectives-and-observations-of-experts-who-work-with-batterer-intervention-programs
#4
Penelope K Morrison, Lynn Hawker, Patricia A Cluss, Elizabeth Miller, Rhonda Fleming, Terry Bicehouse, Donna George, Jessica Burke, Kalem Wright, Judy C Chang
Batterer intervention programs (BIPs) constitute the primary treatment for perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Systematic evaluations of BIPs, however, have yielded modest results in terms of these programs' ability to reduce perpetration. Descriptive studies, which can provide information on the contexts and process associated with BIPs, can provide insights into the underlying mechanisms that might promote change among BIP clients, and as such are important to improving efficacy measures for BIPs...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892315/deficiency-of-self-efficacy-in-problem-solving-as-a-contributory-factor-in-family-instability-a-qualitative-study
#5
Zahra Pourmovahed, Seyed Saied Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Hassan Zareei Mahmoodabadi, Hossein Tavangar, Seyed Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani, Ali Akbar Vaezi
Objective: Problem-solving ability is one of the most important means of family stability that enables the families to understand their roles, functions, and performances. Self-efficacy deficiency in problem-solving runs through many families. This qualitative study was conducted to investigate and describe how couples solve problems in their families. Method: This study was conducted to detect couples' self-efficacy deficiency in problem-solving using purposive sampling method. Several deep semi-structured interviews based on McMaster model and observations were conducted by nine family therapists and psychiatrists on four couples (eight persons) living in Yazd (Iran)...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883449/-when-ebola-enters-a-home-a-family-a-community-a-qualitative-study-of-population-perspectives-on-ebola-control-measures-in-rural-and-urban-areas-of-sierra-leone
#6
Nell Gray, Beverley Stringer, Gina Bark, Andre Heller Perache, Freya Jephcott, Rob Broeder, Ronald Kremer, Augustine S Jimissa, Thomas T Samba
BACKGROUND: During the West Africa Ebola outbreak, cultural practices have been described as hindering response efforts. The acceptance of control measures improved during the outbreak, but little is known about how and why this occurred. We conducted a qualitative study in two administrative districts of Sierra Leone to understand Ebola survivor, community, and health worker perspectives on Ebola control measures. We aimed to gain an understanding of community interactions with the Ebola response to inform future intervention strategies...
June 8, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883403/analyzing-cyber-physical-threats-on-robotic-platforms
#7
Khalil M Ahmad Yousef, Anas AlMajali, Salah Abu Ghalyon, Waleed Dweik, Bassam J Mohd
Robots are increasingly involved in our daily lives. Fundamental to robots are the communication link (or stream) and the applications that connect the robots to their clients or users. Such communication link and applications are usually supported through client/server network connection. This networking system is amenable of being attacked and vulnerable to the security threats. Ensuring security and privacy for robotic platforms is thus critical, as failures and attacks could have devastating consequences...
May 21, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882784/depletion-of-battery-attack-specificity-modelling-and-analysis
#8
Vladimir Shakhov, Insoo Koo
The emerging Internet of Things (IoT) has great potential; however, the societal costs of the IoT can outweigh its benefits. To unlock IoT potential, there needs to be improvement in the security of IoT applications. There are several standardization initiatives for sensor networks, which eventually converge with the Internet of Things. As sensor-based applications are deployed, security emerges as an essential requirement. One of the critical issues of wireless sensor technology is limited sensor resources, including sensor batteries...
June 6, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879967/the-association-of-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-with-empathy-motivation-and-professional-identity-development-in-medical-students
#9
Cora L F Visser, Janneke A Wilschut, Ulviye Isik, Stéphanie M E van der Burgt, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi A Kusurkar
BACKGROUND: The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale is among the first scales developed for measurement of attitude towards interprofessional learning (IPL). However, the conceptual framework of the RIPLS still lacks clarity. We investigated the association of the RIPLS with professional identity, empathy and motivation, with the intention of relating RIPLS to other well-known concepts in healthcare education, in an attempt to clarify the concept of readiness. METHODS: Readiness for interprofessional learning, professional identity development, empathy and motivation of students for medical school, were measured in all 6 years of the medical curriculum...
June 7, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878812/financial-stress-response-profiles-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-low-income-parents
#10
Sarah E D Perzow, Bethany C Bray, Martha E Wadsworth
Parenting in the context of poverty is accompanied by heightened stress and heightened stakes. How parents respond to poverty-related stress has important implications for family functioning, but research investigating individual differences in low-income mothers' and fathers' responses to financial stress and their associations with parents' concurrent psychosocial adaptation is lacking. A better understanding of differences in stress responses among low-income parents is required to develop and tailor prevention programs that meet these families' needs...
June 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871637/diagnosis-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-living-with-a-chronic-condition-participatory-study
#11
José Adailton da Silva, Elizabethe Cristina Fagundes de Souza, Ana Gretel Echazú Böschemeier, Camyla Cristina Maia da Costa, Héllydade Souza Bezerra, Eva Emanuela Lopes Cavalcante Feitosa
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most serious chronic illnesses in the world due to its prevalence, economic and social effects, and negative impact on the quality of life of the affected people. The diagnosis implies changes in life habits especially related to feeding, physical activity, and constant self-care, requiring greater personal autonomy. METHODS: This study aims to understand how individuals living with diabetes deal with the recognition of the chronic condition in their health care practices...
June 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869412/construct-validity-of-the-wechsler-intelligence-scale-for-children-fifth-uk-edition-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses-of-the-16-primary-and-secondary-subtests
#12
Gary L Canivez, Marley W Watkins, Ryan J McGill
BACKGROUND: There is inadequate information regarding the factor structure of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fifth UK Edition (WISC-VUK ; Wechsler, 2016a, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth UK Edition, Harcourt Assessment, London, UK) to guide interpretation. AIMS AND METHODS: The WISC-VUK was examined using complementary exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for all models proposed by Wechsler (2016b, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth UK Edition: Administration and scoring manual, Harcourt Assessment, London, UK) as well as rival bifactor models...
June 4, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862932/prosecutors-perspectives-on-biological-evidence-and-injury-evidence-in-sexual-assault-cases
#13
Megan Alderden, Theodore P Cross, Maja Vlajnic, Laura Siller
Little prior research has explored how prosecutors perceive and utilize biological and injury evidences in sexual assault cases. In this qualitative study, semistructured interviews were conducted with assistant district attorneys (ADAs) working in an urban district attorney's office in the northeastern United States. ADAs were asked to describe how biological and injury evidences could be probative and their strategies for using this evidence. The interviews suggest that prosecutors perceive the probative value of biological and injury evidences on a continuum, varying based on case characteristics...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849450/the-impact-of-conversion-to-international-classification-of-diseases-10th-revision-icd-10-on-an-academic-ophthalmology-practice
#14
Justin B Hellman, Michele C Lim, Karen Y Leung, Cameron M Blount, Glenn Yiu
Purpose: To determine the financial and clinical impact of conversion from International Classification of Disease, 9th revision (ICD-9) to ICD-10 coding. Design: Retrospective, database study. Materials and methods: Monthly billing and coding data from 44,564 billable patient encounters at an academic ophthalmology practice were analyzed by subspecialty in the 1-year periods before (October 1, 2014, to September 30, 2015) and after (October 1, 2015, to September 30, 2016) conversion from ICD-9 to ICD-10...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844668/case-finding-for-copd-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-perspectives
#15
Alexandra Enocson, Kate Jolly, Rachel Elizabeth Jordan, David A Fitzmaurice, S M Greenfield, Peymane Adab
Background: COPD is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, yet it remains largely under-diagnosed. Case-finding is encouraged by many professionals, but there is a lack of information on the patients' views and perspectives. Patients and methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with adults, aged 40 years or older with a history of smoking, who were eligible and invited for case-finding for COPD as a part of a large UK primary care trial. Patients, including those who consented or declined participation and those with and without COPD after screening, were interviewed...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843565/a-schema-of-denial-the-influence-of-rape-myth-acceptance-on-beliefs-attitudes-and-processing-of-affirmative-consent-campaign-messages
#16
Nathan Silver, Shelly R Hovick
This study aims to examine the influence of rape myth acceptance (RMA) and the perceived salience of sexual violence on the cognitive processing of an affirmative consent campaign active on the campus where research was conducted. As part of a midcourse evaluation of the Consent is Sexy (CIS) campaign (N = 285), a subsample of participants who reported prior exposure to campaign posters (N = 182) was asked to review four campaign posters and indicate the extent to which they processed the message in the posters systematically...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801494/-who-has-ever-loved-a-drug-addict-it-s-a-lie-they-think-a-teja-is-as-bad-person-multiple-stigmas-faced-by-women-who-inject-drugs-in-coastal-kenya
#17
Gitau Mburu, Sylvia Ayon, Alexander C Tsai, James Ndimbii, Bangyuan Wang, Steffanie Strathdee, Janet Seeley
BACKGROUND: A tenth of all people who inject drugs in Kenya are women, yet their social contexts and experiences remain poorly understood. This paper reports how multiple forms of stigma are experienced by women who inject drugs in coastal Kenya and the impact that they have on their ability to access essential health services. METHODS: In 2015, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were held with 45 women who inject drugs in two coastal towns. These data were supplemented with in-depth interviews with five individual stakeholders involved in service provision to this population...
May 25, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800976/multiple-institution-comparison-of-resident-and-faculty-perceptions-of-burnout-and-depression-during-surgical-training
#18
Michael L Williford, Sara Scarlet, Michael O Meyers, Daniel J Luckett, Jason P Fine, Claudia E Goettler, John M Green, Thomas V Clancy, Amy N Hildreth, Samantha E Meltzer-Brody, Timothy M Farrell
Importance: Prior studies demonstrate a high prevalence of burnout and depression among surgeons. Limited data exist regarding how these conditions are perceived by the surgical community. Objectives: To measure prevalence of burnout and depression among general surgery trainees and to characterize how residents and attendings perceive these conditions. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study used unique, anonymous surveys for residents and attendings that were administered via a web-based platform from November 1, 2016, through March 31, 2017...
May 2, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799924/association-of-state-laws-permitting-denial-of-services-to-same-sex-couples-with-mental-distress-in-sexual-minority-adults-a-difference-in-difference-in-differences-analysis
#19
Julia Raifman, Ellen Moscoe, S Bryn Austin, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Sandro Galea
Importance: Recent evidence suggests that state policies affecting sexual minorities are associated with health disparities. Twelve states have laws permitting the denial of services to same-sex couples, and the US Supreme Court is considering whether states can prohibit the denial of services to same-sex couples. Objective: We investigated whether state laws permitting individuals to refuse services to sexual minorities were associated with changes in the proportion of sexual minority adults reporting mental distress...
May 23, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794994/a-statistical-approach-to-detect-jamming-attacks-in-wireless-sensor-networks
#20
Opeyemi Osanaiye, Attahiru S Alfa, Gerhard P Hancke
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), in recent times, have become one of the most promising network solutions with a wide variety of applications in the areas of agriculture, environment, healthcare and the military. Notwithstanding these promising applications, sensor nodes in WSNs are vulnerable to different security attacks due to their deployment in hostile and unattended areas and their resource constraints. One of such attacks is the DoS jamming attack that interferes and disrupts the normal functions of sensor nodes in a WSN by emitting radio frequency signals to jam legitimate signals to cause a denial of service...
May 24, 2018: Sensors
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