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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692294/age-varying-associations-between-coping-and-depressive-symptoms-throughout-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood
#1
Anna Vannucci, Kaitlin M Flannery, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
The objective of the current study was to apply the novel technique of time-varying effect modeling to examine age-varying associations between specific coping strategies and depressive symptoms across adolescence and emerging adulthood (ages 14-24). The participants were drawn from a community sample and followed across 4 years of high school and once 5 years postgraduation (N = 1,251, 53% female, 58% non-Hispanic White). Coping and depressive symptom questionnaires were administered across all data collection time points...
May 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692201/fluctuating-confidence-the-dynamic-consequences-of-true-false-affirmatives-and-denials-on-how-a-listener-appraises-their-personal-past
#2
Jolee Davis, Sharon Y Bayantemur, Sasha Seecharan, Leslie D Unger, Johanna Hellgren, Charles B Stone
The present study examined the mnemonic consequences of true/false denials and affirmatives on how a listener appraises their personal past. To this end, participants (listeners) rated the extent to which they were confident certain events occurred during their childhood. They rated these events both before and after a confederate (speaker) denied or affirmed the occurrence of four different childhood events each, for a total of eight "rehearsed" events. For each set (denials and affirmatives) of events, half were true and half were false...
April 25, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687460/regret-shame-and-denials-of-women-s-voluntary-sterilization
#3
Dianne Lalonde
Women face extraordinary difficulty in seeking sterilization as physicians routinely deny them the procedure. Physicians defend such denials by citing the possibility of future regret, a well-studied phenomenon in women's sterilization literature. Regret is, however, a problematic emotion upon which to deny reproductive freedom as regret is neither satisfactorily defined and measured, nor is it centered in analogous cases regarding men's decision to undergo sterilization or the decision of women to undergo fertility treatment...
April 23, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687342/predictors-of-preoperative-program-non-completion-in-adolescents-referred-for-bariatric-surgery
#4
Cassie Brode, Megan Ratcliff, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Sanita Hunsaker, Michael Helmrath, Meg Zeller
BACKGROUND: Factors contributing to adolescents' non-completion of bariatric surgery, defined as self-withdrawal during the preoperative phase of care, independent of program or insurance denial, are largely unknown. Recent adolescent and adult bariatric surgery literature indicate that psychological factors and treatment withdrawal play a role; however, for adolescents, additional age-salient (family/caregiver) variables might also influence progression to surgery. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined demographic, psychological, and family/caregiver variables as predictors of whether adolescents completed surgery ("completers") or withdrew from treatment ("non-completers")...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668307/barriers-and-facilitators-for-clinical-care-engagement-among-hiv-positive-african-american-and-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
James W Carey, Neal Carnes, Alisú Schoua-Glusberg, Katherine Kenward, Deborah Gelaude, Damian Denson, Elizabeth Gall, Laura A Randall, Paula M Frew
Achieving optimal health among people living with HIV (PLWH) requires linkage to clinical care upon diagnosis, followed by ongoing engagement in HIV clinical care. A disproportionate number of black/African American and Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV do not, however, achieve ongoing care. We conducted semistructured interviews in 2014 with 84 urban black/African American and Hispanic/Latino MSM living with HIV to understand their barriers and facilitators to engagement. We classified men as care-engaged or not at the time of the interview, and conducted content analysis of the interview transcripts to identify barriers and facilitators to engagement...
April 18, 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664475/corrigendum-internet-blogs-polar-bears-and-climate-change-denial-by-proxy
#6
Jeffrey A Harvey, Daphne van den Berg, Jacintha Ellers, Remko Kampen, Thomas W Crowther, Peter Roessingh, Bart Verheggen, Rascha J M Nuijten, Eric Post, Stephan Lewandowsky, Ian Stirling, Meena Balgopal, Steven C Amstrup, Michael E Mann
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/biosci/bix133.].
April 1, 2018: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662248/internet-blogs-polar-bears-and-climate-change-denial-by-proxy
#7
Jeffrey A Harvey, Daphne van den Berg, Jacintha Ellers, Remko Kampen, Thomas W Crowther, Peter Roessingh, Bart Verheggen, Rascha J M Nuijten, Eric Post, Stephan Lewandowsky, Ian Stirling, Meena Balgopal, Steven C Amstrup, Michael E Mann
Increasing surface temperatures, Arctic sea-ice loss, and other evidence of anthropogenic global warming (AGW) are acknowledged by every major scientific organization in the world. However, there is a wide gap between this broad scientific consensus and public opinion. Internet blogs have strongly contributed to this consensus gap by fomenting misunderstandings of AGW causes and consequences. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) have become a "poster species" for AGW, making them a target of those denying AGW evidence...
April 1, 2018: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661363/the-effect-of-commercial-insurance-policies-on-outcomes-of-venous-ablation
#8
Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar, Afsha Aurshina, Yawei Zhang, Fang Wang, Jonathan Cardella, Kristine Orion, Bauer Sumpio, Timur Sarac
OBJECTIVE: The use of venous ablation (VA) for treatment of chronic venous insufficiency has exponentially increased. To limit cost and overuse, insurance companies have adopted aleatory policies. The goal of this study was to compare the policies of five major local insurance carriers and to determine whether treatment within the criteria of a certain policy is associated with improved patient outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective single-center review of patients treated with VA was performed...
May 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661054/theory-of-prejudice-and-american-identity-threat-transfer-for-latino-and-asian-americans
#9
Diana T Sanchez, Kimberly E Chaney, Sara K Manuel, Jessica D Remedios
Latinos and Asian Americans confront similar stereotypes as they are often presumed to be foreigners and subjected to American identity denial. Across six studies (total N = 992), we demonstrate that Latinos and Asians anticipate ingroup prejudice and specific types of subordination (e.g., American identity threat) in the face of outgroup threats that target one another (i.e., stigma transfer). The studies explore whether stigma transfer occurred primarily when shared Latino and Asian stereotype content was a salient component of the prejudice remark (e...
March 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658500/-the-relationship-between-the-family-structure-and-characteristics-of-the-stress-reaction-in-adolescent-addicts
#10
A A Ovchinnikov, A N Sultanova, T Yu Sycheva, T N Mamedov
AIM: To study the relationship between the family structure and characteristics of the response to stress in adolescent addicts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 65 patients who used psychoactive substances and 42 healthy controls. A set of psychological methods was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the group of adolescent addicts, a low result was revealed on the scale 'family cohesion'. A high level of development of such mechanisms of psychological defense as denial, suppression, repression, compensation, substitution, intellectualization and reactive education was diagnosed in both groups...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650217/effect-of-logo-therapy-acceptance-commitment-therapy-family-psychoeducation-on-self-stigma-and-depression-on-housewives-living-with-hiv-aids
#11
Titi Sri Suyanti, Budi Anna Keliat, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima
OBJECTIVE: Self-stigma in people living with HIV/AIDS is a survival mechanism to protect themselves from external stigma. Stigma and discrimination in people living with HIV/AIDS can lead to inequality in social life. This inequality can cause inferiority complex, preoccupation, and denial of diagnosis, which correlates with the onset of depression. This study aims to determine the effect of logotherapy, commitment acceptance therapy, and family psychoeducation on self-stigma and depression on housewives living with HIV/AIDS...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629189/trust-fear-stigma-and-disruptions-community-perceptions-and-experiences-during-periods-of-low-but-ongoing-transmission-of-ebola-virus-disease-in-sierra-leone-2015
#12
Azizeh Nuriddin, Mohamed F Jalloh, Erika Meyer, Rebecca Bunnell, Franklin A Bio, Mohammad B Jalloh, Paul Sengeh, Kathy M Hageman, Dianna D Carroll, Lansana Conteh, Oliver Morgan
Social mobilisation and risk communication were essential to the 2014-2015 West African Ebola response. By March 2015, >8500 Ebola cases and 3370 Ebola deaths were confirmed in Sierra Leone. Response efforts were focused on 'getting to zero and staying at zero'. A critical component of this plan was to deepen and sustain community engagement. Several national quantitative studies conducted during this time revealed Ebola knowledge, personal prevention practices and traditional burial procedures improved as the outbreak waned, but healthcare system challenges were also noted...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615008/responses-to-textual-and-pictorial-cigarette-pack-health-warnings-findings-from-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-survey-study-in-austria
#13
Hannes Mayerl, Erwin Stolz, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: Packaging and labelling tobacco products has emerged as an effective policy to reduce the global health burden of tobacco use. The main purpose of this study was to explore Austrian smokers' and ex-smokers' responses to both the textual and pictorial cigarette pack health warnings (CPHWs) recently implemented. METHODS: We analysed self-reported data (N=500) from an Austrian cross-sectional survey that was conducted after the implementation of the new pictorial CPHWs in 2016...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608770/corrigendum-internet-blogs-polar-bears-and-climate-change-denial-by-proxy
#14
Jeffrey A Harvey, Daphne van den Berg, Jacintha Ellers, Remko Kampen, Thomas W Crowther, Peter Roessingh, Bart Verheggen, Rascha J M Nuijten, Eric Post, Stephan Lewandowsky, Ian Stirling, Meena Balgopal, Steven C Amstrup, Michael E Mann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608348/the-complexity-of-billing-and-paying-for-physician-care
#15
Joshua D Gottlieb, Adam Hale Shapiro, Abe Dunn
The administrative costs of providing health insurance in the US are very high, but their determinants are poorly understood. We advance the nascent literature in this field by developing new measures of billing complexity for physician care across insurers and over time, and by estimating them using a large sample of detailed insurance "remittance data" for the period 2013-15. We found dramatic variation across different types of insurance. Fee-for-service Medicaid is the most challenging type of insurer to bill, with a claim denial rate that is 17...
April 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606015/avoidant-coping-moderates-the-relationship-between-paternal-involvement-in-the-child-s-type-1-diabetes-t1d-care-and-parenting-stress
#16
Ashley Teasdale, Christine Limbers
Fathers may experience greater parenting stress and anxiety when they are more involved in their child's type 1 diabetes (T1D) care. The present study evaluated whether seeking social support and avoidant coping strategies moderate the relationship between paternal involvement in the child's T1D care and parenting stress in an international sample. Two hundred forty-nine fathers of young children with T1D completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI), Pediatric Inventory for Parents (PIP), Dads' Active Disease Support scale (DADS), COPE Inventory, Self-Care Inventory (SCI-R), and a demographic questionnaire online...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587802/disrespect-and-abuse-of-women-during-the-process-of-childbirth-in-the-2015-pelotas-birth-cohort
#17
Marilia Arndt Mesenburg, Cesar Gomes Victora, Suzzane Jacob Serruya, Rodolfo Ponce de León, Andrea Homsi Damaso, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Mariangela Freitas da Silveira
BACKGROUND: The disrespect and abuse of women during the process of childbirth is an emergent and global problem and only few studies have investigated this worrying issue. The objective of the present study was to describe the prevalence of disrespect and abuse of women during childbirth in Pelotas City, Brazil, and to investigate the factors involved. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study of women delivering members of the 2015 Pelotas birth cohort...
March 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574543/examining-mechanisms-and-moderators-of-the-relationship-between-discriminatory-health-care-encounters-and-attempted-suicide-among-u-s-transgender-help-seekers
#18
Meghan Romanelli, Wenhua Lu, Michael A Lindsey
This study examined how experiences of service denial and discrimination in three health care settings-doctors' offices, emergency rooms, and mental health clinics-might contribute to attempted suicide among transgender adults. Mechanisms of this relationship were examined, including treatment receipt and the use of substances to cope with mistreatment. Perceived emotional social support was also tested as a potential protective factor against the deleterious effects of service denial and discrimination on treatment receipt, substance use, and attempted suicide...
March 24, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562894/from-symptom-discovery-to-treatment-women-s-pathways-to-breast-cancer-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jennifer Moodley, Lydia Cairncross, Thurandrie Naiker, Deborah Constant
BACKGROUND: Typically, women in South Africa (SA) are diagnosed with breast cancer when they self-present with symptoms to health facilities. The aim of this study was to determine the pathway that women follow to breast cancer care and factors associated with this journey. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in the Western Cape Province, SA, between May 2015 and May 2016. Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were interviewed to determine their socio-demographic profile; knowledge of risk factors, signs and symptoms; appraisal of breast changes; clinical profile and; key time events in the journey to care...
March 21, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561498/individuals-perspectives-on-coping-with-vision-loss-from-diabetic-retinopathy
#20
Bonnie A Sturrock, Gwyneth Rees, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Tien Y Wong, Edith Holloway, Eva K Fenwick
SIGNIFICANCE: People with vision loss from diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema (DME) use problem-focused and emotion-regulation strategies that may influence their short- and longer-term adaptation and psychological outcomes. Our findings can assist the development of models of adjustment to DR/DME-related vision loss and treatments focused on adaptation. PURPOSE: To qualitatively determine the coping strategies used by participants with vision loss resulting from DR/DME...
March 21, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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