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Diet ulcerative colitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293241/a-potential-role-of-salmonella-infection-in-the-onset-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Bárbara M Schultz, Carolina A Paduro, Geraldyne A Salazar, Francisco J Salazar-Echegarai, Valentina P Sebastián, Claudia A Riedel, Alexis M Kalergis, Manuel Alvarez-Lobos, Susan M Bueno
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes a set of pathologies that result from a deregulated immune response that may affect any portion of the gastrointestinal tract. The most prevalent and defined forms of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Although the etiology of IBD is not well defined, it has been suggested that environmental and genetic factors contribute to disease development and that the interaction between these two factors can trigger the pathology. Diet, medication use, vitamin D status, smoking, and bacterial infections have been proposed to influence or contribute to the onset or development of the disease in susceptible individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225647/early-experience-with-single-incision-laparoscopic-total-abdominal-colectomy-in-children
#2
Cristen N Litz, Paul D Danielson, Nicole M Chandler
PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for pediatric colorectal disease has been shown to be feasible and safe; however, the literature is scarce regarding the outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic total abdominal colectomy (SIL-TAC) in the pediatric population. The purpose of this pilot study was to review our initial experience and outcomes with SIL-TAC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent SIL-TAC from 2013 to 2015 was performed...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170448/genome-wide-analysis-identifies-colonic-genes-differentially-associated-with-serum-leptin-and-insulin-concentrations-in-c57bl-6j-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#3
Sung-Eun Kim, Jinsil Choo, Joon Yoon, Jae Ryang Chu, Yun Jung Bae, Seungyeoun Lee, Taesung Park, Mi-Kyung Sung
Obesity-induced chronic inflammation is known to increase the risk of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and colorectal cancer. Accumulating evidence suggests that leptin and insulin are key molecules linking obesity with diseases of the lower intestine. Here, we identified serum phenotype-associated genes in the colon of diet-induced obese mice as early biomarkers of obesity-associated colonic diseases. C57BL/6J mice were fed with either normal diet (ND, 15% of fat calories) or high-fat diet (HFD, 45% of fat calories) for 8 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131521/espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Alastair Forbes, Johanna Escher, Xavier Hébuterne, Stanisław Kłęk, Zeljko Krznaric, Stéphane Schneider, Raanan Shamir, Kalina Stardelova, Nicolette Wierdsma, Anthony E Wiskin, Stephan C Bischoff
INTRODUCTION: The ESPEN guideline presents a multidisciplinary focus on clinical nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODOLOGY: The guideline is based on extensive systematic review of the literature, but relies on expert opinion when objective data were lacking or inconclusive. The conclusions and 64 recommendations have been subject to full peer review and a Delphi process in which uniformly positive responses (agree or strongly agree) were required...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117803/analyzing-beneficial-effects-of-nutritional-supplements-on-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-functions-during-experimental-colitis
#5
Hilda Vargas Robles, Karla Fabiola Castro Ochoa, Porfirio Nava, Angélica Silva Olivares, Mineko Shibayama, Michael Schnoor
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic relapsing disorders of the intestines. They cause severe problems, such as abdominal cramping, bloody diarrhea, and weight loss, in affected individuals. Unfortunately, there is no cure yet, and treatments only aim to alleviate symptoms. Current treatments include anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs that may cause severe side effects. This warrants the search for alternative treatment options, such as nutritional supplements, that do not cause side effects...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113104/dietary-tryptophan-alleviates-dextran-sodium-sulfate-induced-colitis-through-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-in-mice
#6
Jahidul Islam, Shoko Sato, Kouichi Watanabe, Takaya Watanabe, Ardiansyah, Keisuke Hirahara, Yukihide Aoyama, Shuhei Tomita, Hisashi Aso, Michio Komai, Hitoshi Shirakawa
Ulcerative colitis is the typical progression of chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Amino acids, particularly tryptophan, have been reported to exert a protective effect against colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), but the precise underlying mechanisms remain incompletely clarified. Tryptophan metabolites are recognized to function as endogenous ligands for aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr), which is a critical regulator of inflammation and immunity. Thus, we conducted this study to investigate whether dietary tryptophan supplementation protects against DSS-induced colitis by acting through Ahr...
April 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110099/high-dietary-intake-of-specific-fatty-acids-increases-risk-of-flares-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-in-remission-during-treatment-with-aminosalicylates
#7
Edward L Barnes, Molly Nestor, Louisa Onyewadume, Punyanganie De Silva, Joshua R Korzenik
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary factors may have a significant role in relapse of disease among patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the relationship between diet and UC is inadequately understood. We analyzed data from the diet's role in exacerbations of mesalamine maintenance study to determine whether dietary factors affect the risk of disease flares in patients with UC. METHODS: We performed a prospective, multicenter, observational study of 412 patients, from 25 sites, with UC in remission during monotherapy with an aminosalicylate...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092152/issues-in-nutrition-dietary-considerations-in-select-chronic-conditions
#8
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Chronic diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract also tend to affect nutrition. The incidence of chronic liver disease is increasing. As the prevalence of obesity rises, so do the incidences of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Patients with chronic liver disease usually have some degree of malnutrition. In the absence of encephalopathy, patients with chronic liver disease should consume more protein than that in the average diet. There is some controversy about whether diet plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030510/clinical-and-fecal-microbial-changes-with-diet-therapy-in-active-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
David L Suskind, Stanley A Cohen, Mitchell J Brittnacher, Ghassan Wahbeh, Dale Lee, Michele L Shaffer, Kimberly Braly, Hillary S Hayden, Jani Klein, Benjamin Gold, Matthew Giefer, Angela Stallworth, Samuel I Miller
GOAL: To determine the effect of the specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) on active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). BACKGROUND: IBD is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory intestinal disorder associated with fecal dysbiosis. Diet is a potential therapeutic option for IBD based on the hypothesis that changing the fecal dysbiosis could decrease intestinal inflammation. STUDY: Pediatric patients with mild to moderate IBD defined by pediatric Crohn's disease activity index (PCDAI 10-45) or pediatric ulcerative colitis activity index (PUCAI 10-65) were enrolled into a prospective study of the SCD...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008631/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-the-management-of-chronic-refractory-pouchitis-with-an-evidence-based-treatment-algorithm
#10
REVIEW
J P Segal, N S Ding, G Worley, S Mclaughlin, S Preston, O D Faiz, S K Clark, A L Hart
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is considered the procedure of choice in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) refractory to medical therapy. The incidence of pouchitis is 40% at 5 years. Ten to 15% of patients with pouchitis experience chronic pouchitis. AIM: To determine the efficacy of medical therapies for the treatment of chronic refractory pouchitis in patients undergoing IPAA for UC. METHODS: A systematic computer-assisted search of the on-line bibliographic database MEDLINE and EMBASE was performed between 1966 and February 2016...
December 23, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003811/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-association-between-dietary-potassium-and-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-and-ulcerative-colitis
#11
Hamed Khalili, Sakshi Malik, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan, John J Garber, Leslie M Higuchi, Amit Joshi, Joanna Peloquin, James M Richter, Kathleen O Stewart, Gary C Curhan, Amit Awasthi, Vijay Yajnik, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND: Recent animal studies have identified that dietary salt intake may modify the risk and progression of autoimmune disorders through modulation of the IL-23/TH17 pathway, which is critical in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of U.S. women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII who provided detailed and validated information on diet and lifestyle beginning in 1984 in NHS and 1991 in NHSII...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000477/probiotic-effectiveness-nutrition-in-cancer-treatment-and-prevention
#12
Débora Mara Kich, Angélica Vincenzi, Fernanda Majolo, Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza, Márcia Inês Goettert
Among the neoplasias, colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in men and women. The increasing incidence of this type of cancer is due to the increase in the population's life expectancy, by the increase in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, primarily ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the change in eating habits. The American Cancer Society (2011) shows that diet might be responsible for approximately 30% of cancer cases in developed countries, moreover when considering only colorectal cancer, the number can reach 30% to 50%...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959280/geographic-associations-between-lactase-phenotype-multiple-sclerosis-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-does-obesity-trump-geography
#13
Andew Szilagyi, Xiaoqing Xue
Geographic patterns with diminishing rates from north to south toward the equator have been described for a number of diseases, putatively related largely to "western" lifestyle. Among these the inflammatory bowel diseases; Crohn's (CD) and Ulcerative colitis (UC) have been prominent in sharing distributions with a number of autoimmune diseases. One of the interesting associations is the epidemiologic similarity with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, in addition, at least some of these diseases also correlated inversely with lactase non persistent population (LNP) distributions...
November 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957238/colonic-and-hepatic-modulation-by-lipoic-acid-and-or-n-acetylcysteine-supplementation-in-mild-ulcerative-colitis-induced-by-dextran-sodium-sulfate-in-rats
#14
Fabiana Andréa Moura, Kívia Queiroz de Andrade, Orlando Roberto Pimentel de Araújo, Valéria Nunes-Souza, Juliana Célia de Farias Santos, Luiza Antas Rabelo, Marília Oliveira Fonseca Goulart
Lipoic acid (LA) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) are antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents that have not yet been tested on mild ulcerative colitis (UC). This study aims to evaluate the action of LA and/or NAC, on oxidative stress and inflammation markers in colonic and hepatic rat tissues with mild UC, induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) (2% w/v). LA and/or NAC (100 mg·kg·day(-1), each) were given, once a day, in the diet, in a pretreatment phase (7 days) and during UC induction (5 days). Colitis induction was confirmed by histological and biochemical analyses (high performance liquid chromatography, spectrophotometry, and Multiplex®)...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863347/preventive-effects-of-goji-berry-on-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-in-mice
#15
Yifei Kang, Yansong Xue, Min Du, Mei-Jun Zhu
Goji berry (Lycium barbarum) exerts immune modulation and suppresses inflammation in vitro and in vivo. We hypothesized that Goji berry had beneficial effects on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in C57BL/6 mice through suppressing inflammation. Six-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were supplemented with a standard AIN-93G diet with or without 1% (w/w) Goji berry for 4 weeks. Then, colitis was induced by supplementing 3% DSS in drinking water for 7 days, followed by 7 days of remission period to mimic ulcerative colitis symptoms...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812084/nutrition-oxidative-stress-and-intestinal-dysbiosis-influence-of-diet-on-gut-microbiota-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#16
Giovanni Tomasello, Margherita Mazzola, Angelo Leone, Emanuele Sinagra, Giovanni Zummo, Felicia Farina, Provvidenza Damiani, Francesco Cappello, Alice Gerges Geagea, Abdo Jurjus, Tarek Bou Assi, Massimiliano Messina, Francesco Carini
BACKGROUND: Microbiota refers to the population of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses and fungi) that inhabit the entire gastrointestinal tract, more particularly the colon whose role is to maintain the integrity of the intestinal mucosa and control the proliferation of pathogenic bacteria. Alteration in the composition of the gut microbiota is called dysbiosis. Dysbiosis redisposes to inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease and indeterminate colitis. METHODS: The purpose of this literature review is to elucidate the influence of diet on the composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota in the healthy gut and the role of diet in the development of dysbiosis...
December 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768566/development-and-application-of-a-plant-based-diet-scoring-system-for-japanese-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Mitsuro Chiba, Kunio Nakane, Yuko Takayama, Kae Sugawara, Hideo Ohno, Hajime Ishii, Satoko Tsuda, Tsuyotoshi Tsuji, Masafumi Komatsu, Takeshi Sugawara
CONTEXT: Plant-based diets (PBDs) are a healthy alternative to westernized diets. A semivegetarian diet, a PBD, has been shown to prevent a relapse in Crohn disease. However, there is no way to measure adherence to PBDs. OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple way of evaluating adherence to a PBD for Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). DESIGN: PBD scores were assigned according to the frequency of consumption provided on a food-frequency questionnaire, obtained on hospitalization for 159 patients with ulcerative colitis and 70 patients with Crohn disease...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750262/the-obestatin-ghrelin-ratio-and-ghrelin-genetics-in-adult-celiac-patients-before-and-after-a-gluten-free-diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-and-healthy-individuals
#18
Francesco Russo, Guglielmina Chimienti, Michele Linsalata, Caterina Clemente, Antonella Orlando, Giuseppe Riezzo
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin levels and obestatin/ghrelin ratio have been proposed as activity markers in ulcerative colitis, but no data are available in celiac disease (CD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Our aims were as follows: (a) to assess obestatin and ghrelin concentrations in adult active CD patients, diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBS-d), and healthy controls (HC) in relation to intestinal permeability; (b) to evaluate the ghrelin-obestatin profile in CD patients after a 1-year gluten-free diet (GFD); and (c) to establish the impact of ghrelin genetics...
February 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743467/therapeutic-modulation-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-ibd-more-questions-to-be-answered
#19
REVIEW
Yu Qi Qiao, Chen Wen Cai, Zhi Hua Ran
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients exhibit impaired control of the microbiome in the gut. "Dysbiosis" is commonly observed. A Western diet is a risk factor for the development of IBD but may have different effects on the gut microbiota in IBD and non-IBD individuals. Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) can induce remission in pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) with a decrease in gut microbiome diversity after EEN treatment. Although there are some theoretical benefits, the actual treatment effects of prebiotics and probiotics in IBD patients can vary...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706028/lycopene-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-may-reduce-faecal-blood-mucus-and-pus-but-not-abdominal-pain-in-individuals-with-ulcerative-colitis
#20
Dominika Głąbska, Dominika Guzek, Paulina Zakrzewska, Dariusz Włodarek, Gustaw Lech
BACKGROUND: The main symptom of ulcerative colitis is diarrhoea, which is often accompanied by painful tenesmus and faecal blood and mucus. It sometimes co-occurs with abdominal pain, fever, feeling of fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss. Some dietary factors have been indicated as important in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The aim of the study was to analyse the association between retinoid intake (total vitamin A, retinol, β-carotene, α-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein and zeaxanthin) and ulcerative colitis symptoms (abdominal pain, faecal blood, faecal mucus, faecal pus) in individuals with ulcerative colitis in remission...
September 30, 2016: Nutrients
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