keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Proteosome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306745/nickel-and-cadmium-induced-slbp-depletion-a-potential-pathway-to-metal-mediated-cellular-transformation
#1
Ashley Jordan, Xiaoru Zhang, Jinquan Li, Freda Laulicht-Glick, Hong Sun, Max Costa
Both nickel and cadmium compounds have been established as group I carcinogens for several decades. Despite over-whelming evidence of these compounds' carcinogenicity in humans, the specific underlying molecular mechanisms that govern metal induced cellular transformation remain unclear. In this study, we found that there were slightly different effects on decreased SLBP mRNA and protein as well as increased polyA H3.1 in our nickel exposed cells. This suggested that nickel and arsenic have similar effects on canonical histone mRNA transcription and translation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107546/bone-marrow-stroma-protects-myeloma-cells-from-cytotoxic-damage-via-induction-of-the-oncoprotein-muc1
#2
Michal Bar-Natan, Dina Stroopinsky, Katarina Luptakova, Maxwell D Coll, Arie Apel, Hasan Rajabi, Athalia R Pyzer, Kristen Palmer, Michaela R Reagan, Myrna R Nahas, Rebecca Karp Leaf, Salvia Jain, Jon Arnason, Irene M Ghobrial, Kenneth C Anderson, Donald Kufe, Jacalyn Rosenblatt, David Avigan
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a lethal haematological malignancy that arises in the context of a tumour microenvironment that promotes resistance to apoptosis and immune escape. In the present study, we demonstrate that co-culture of MM cells with stromal cells results in increased resistance to cytotoxic and biological agents as manifested by decreased rates of cell death following exposure to alkylating agents and the proteosome inhibitor, bortezomib. To identify the mechanism of increased resistance, we examined the effect of the co-culture of MM cells with stroma cells, on expression of the MUC1 oncogene, known to confer tumour cells with resistance to apoptosis and necrosis...
March 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094456/waldenstr%C3%A3-m-macroglobulinemia-2017-update-on-diagnosis-risk-stratification-and-management
#3
Morie A Gertz
Disease Overview: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma with immunoglobulin M (IgM) monoclonal protein. Clinical features include anemia, thrombocytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and rarely hyperviscosity. DIAGNOSIS: Presence of IgM monoclonal protein associated with ≥10% clonal lymphoplasmacytic cells in bone marrow confirms the diagnosis. The L265P mutation in MYD88 is detectable in more than 90% of patients. Risk Stratification: Age, hemoglobin level, platelet count, β2 microglobulin, and monoclonal IgM concentrations are characteristics required for prognosis...
February 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090674/ns5b-promotes-degradation-of-the-nore1a-tumor-suppressor-to-facilitate-hepatitis-c-virus-replication
#4
Payal Arora, Amartya Basu, M Lee Schmidt, Geoffrey J Clark, Howard Donninger, Daniel B Nichols, Diego F Calvisi, Neerja Kaushik-Basu
Hepatitis C infection is a common risk factor for the development of liver cancer. The molecular mechanisms underlying this effect are only partially understood. Here we show that the HCV protein NS5B directly binds to the tumor suppressor NORE1A (RASSF5) and promotes its proteosomal degradation. In addition, we show that NORE1A co-localizes to sites of HCV viral replication and suppresses the process. Thus, NORE1A has anti-viral activity which is specifically antagonized by NS5B. Moreover, the suppression of NORE1A protein levels correlated almost perfectly with elevation of Ras activity in primary human samples...
January 16, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074489/a-novel-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-inhibitor-edasalonexent-cat-1004-in-development-as-a-disease-modifying-treatment-for-patients-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-phase-1-safety-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-in-adult-subjects
#5
Joanne M Donovan, Michael Zimmer, Elliot Offman, Toni Grant, Michael Jirousek
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), NF-κB is activated in skeletal muscle from infancy regardless of the underlying dystrophin mutation and drives inflammation and muscle degeneration while inhibiting muscle regeneration. Edasalonexent (CAT-1004) is a bifunctional orally administered small molecule that covalently links 2 compounds known to inhibit NF-κB, salicylic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Edasalonexent is designed to inhibit activated NF-κB upon intracellular cleavage to these bioactive components...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069439/hakai-an-e3-ligase-for-e-cadherin-stabilizes-%C3%AE-catenin-through-src-kinase
#6
Hridaya Shrestha, Taeyong Ryu, Young-Woo Seo, So-Yeon Park, Yongfeng He, Weiye Dai, Eunsook Park, Shishli Simkhada, Hangun Kim, Keesook Lee, Kwonseop Kim
Hakai ubiquitinates and induces endocytosis of the E-cadherin complex; thus, modulating cell adhesion and regulating development of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of metastasis. Our previous published data show that δ-catenin promotes E-cadherin processing and thereby activates β-catenin-mediated oncogenic signals. Although several published data show the interactions between δ-catenin and E-cadherin and between Hakai and E-cadherin separately, we found no published report on the relationship between δ-catenin and Hakai...
February 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067322/a-novel-and-conserved-plasmodium-sporozoite-membrane-protein-speld-is-required-for-maturation-of-exo-erythrocytic-forms
#7
Faisal Mohammed Abdul Al-Nihmi, Surendra Kumar Kolli, Segireddy Rameswara Reddy, Babu S Mastan, Jyothi Togiri, Mulaka Maruthi, Roshni Gupta, Puran Singh Sijwali, Satish Mishra, Kota Arun Kumar
Plasmodium sporozoites are the infective forms of malaria parasite to vertebrate host and undergo dramatic changes in their transcriptional repertoire during maturation in mosquito salivary glands. We report here the role of a novel and conserved Plasmodium berghei protein encoded by PBANKA_091090 in maturation of Exo-erythrocytic Forms (EEFs) and designate it as Sporozoite surface Protein Essential for Liver stage Development (PbSPELD). PBANKA_091090 was previously annotated as PB402615.00.0 and its transcript was recovered at maximal frequency in the Serial Analysis of the Gene Expression (SAGE) of Plasmodium berghei salivary gland sporozoites...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027448/induced-pluripotent-hd-monkey-stem-cells-derived-neural-cells-for-drug-discovery
#8
Tanut Kunkanjanawan, Richard Carter, Kwan-Sung Ahn, Jinjing Yang, Rangsun Parnpai, Anthony W S Chan
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by an expansion of CAG trinucleotide repeat (polyglutamine [polyQ]) in the huntingtin ( HTT) gene, which leads to the formation of mutant HTT (mHTT) protein aggregates. In the nervous system, an accumulation of mHTT protein results in glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity, proteosome instability, and apoptosis. Although HD pathogenesis has been extensively studied, effective treatment of HD has yet to be developed. Therapeutic discovery research in HD has been reported using yeast, cells derived from transgenic animal models and HD patients, and induced pluripotent stem cells from patients...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Biomolecular Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005959/an-intranasal-proteosome-adjuvanted-trivalent-influenza-vaccine-is-safe-immunogenic-efficacious-in-the-human-viral-influenza-challenge-model-serum-igg-mucosal-iga-are-important-correlates-of-protection-against-illness-associated-with-infection
#9
Rob Lambkin-Williams, Colin Gelder, Richard Broughton, Corey P Mallett, Anthony S Gilbert, Alex Mann, David He, John S Oxford, David Burt
INTRODUCTION: A Proteosome-adjuvanted trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (P-TIV) administered intra-nasally was shown to be safe, well tolerated and immunogenic in both systemic and mucosal compartments, and effective at preventing illness associated with evidence of influenza infection. METHODS: In two separate studies using the human viral challenge model, subjects were selected to be immunologically naive to A/Panama/2007/1999 (H3N2) virus and then dosed via nasal spray with one of three regimens of P-TIV or placebo...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999193/the-novel-anticancer-agent-jnj-26854165-is-active-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemic-cells-with-unmutated-bcr-abl-and-t315i-mutant-bcr-abl-through-promoting-proteosomal-degradation-of-bcr-abl-proteins
#10
Liangshun You, Hui Liu, Jian Huang, Wanzhuo Xie, Jueying Wei, Xiujin Ye, Wenbin Qian
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal malignant disease caused by the expression of BCR/ABL. MDM2 (human homolog of the murine double minute-2) inhibitors such as Nutlin-3 have been shown to induce apoptosis in a p53-dependent manner in CML cells and sensitize cells to Imatinib. Here, we demonstrate that JNJ-26854165, an inhibitor of MDM2, inhibits proliferation and triggers cell death in a p53-independent manner in various BCR/ABL-expressing cells, which include primary leukemic cells from patients with CML blast crisis and cells expressing the Imatinib-resistant T315I BCR/ABL mutant...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996044/translational-regulation-of-apobec3g-mrna-by-vif-requires-its-5-utr-and-contributes-to-restoring-hiv-1-infectivity
#11
Santiago Guerrero, Camille Libre, Julien Batisse, Gaëlle Mercenne, Delphine Richer, Géraldine Laumond, Thomas Decoville, Christiane Moog, Roland Marquet, Jean-Christophe Paillart
The essential HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (Vif) allows productive infection of non-permissive cells expressing cytidine deaminases APOBEC3G (A3G) and A3F by decreasing their cellular level, and preventing their incorporation into virions. Unlike the Vif-induced degradation of A3G, the functional role of the inhibition of A3G translation by Vif remained unclear. Here, we show that two stem-loop structures within the 5'-untranslated region of A3G mRNA are crucial for translation inhibition by Vif in cells, and most Vif alleles neutralize A3G translation efficiently...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978429/dapk1-keeps-the-peace-in-antifungal-inflammation
#12
Tonia Akoumianaki, Georgios Chamilos
Unabated inflammation and impaired antifungal immunity underlie genetic defects in NOX-2-dependent activation of LC3-associated phagocytosis (LAP). In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Oikonomou et al. (2016) identify a molecular link between IFN-γ/DAPK1 signaling, the proteosomal degradation pathway, and LAP that is critical for dampening Aspergillus-triggered immunopathology.
December 14, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960153/cftr-controls-the-activity-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-by-enhancing-the-degradation-of-tradd
#13
Hua Wang, Liudmila Cebotaru, Ha Won Lee, QingFeng Yang, Bette S Pollard, Harvey B Pollard, William B Guggino
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic lung infection in cystic fibrosis leads to an inflammatory response that persists because of the chronic presence of bacteria and ultimately leads to a catastrophic failure of lung function. METHODS: We use a combination of biochemistry, cell and molecular biology to study the interaction of TRADD, a key adaptor molecule in TNFα signaling, with CFTR in the regulation of NFκB. RESULTS: We show that Wt CFTR binds to and colocalizes with TRADD...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929047/caveolin-1-is-an-aggresome-inducing-protein
#14
Ajit Tiwari, Courtney A Copeland, Bing Han, Caroline A Hanson, Krishnan Raghunathan, Anne K Kenworthy
Caveolin-1 (Cav1) drives the formation of flask-shaped membrane invaginations known as caveolae that participate in signaling, clathrin-independent endocytosis and mechanotransduction. Overexpression or mutations of Cav1 can lead to its mistrafficking, including its accumulation in a perinuclear compartment previously identified as the Golgi complex. Here, we show that in the case of overexpressed Cav1-GFP, this perinuclear compartment consists of cytoplasmic inclusion bodies generated in response to the accumulation of aggregates of misfolded proteins, known as aggresomes...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906069/the-beneficial-role-of-proteolysis-in-skeletal-muscle-growth-and-stress-adaptation
#15
REVIEW
Ryan A V Bell, Mohammad Al-Khalaf, Lynn A Megeney
Muscle atrophy derived from excessive proteolysis is a hallmark of numerous disease conditions. Accordingly, the negative consequences of skeletal muscle protein breakdown often overshadow the critical nature of proteolytic systems in maintaining normal cellular function. Here, we discuss the major cellular proteolysis machinery-the ubiquitin/proteosome system, the autophagy/lysosomal system, and caspase-mediated protein cleavage-and the critical role of these protein machines in establishing and preserving muscle health...
April 6, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862330/predictors-of-inferior-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-standard-risk-multiple-myeloma
#16
Talha Badar, Samer Srour, Qaiser Bashir, Nina Shah, Gheath Al-Atrash, Chitra Hosing, Uday Popat, Yago Nieto, Robert Z Orlowski, Richard Champlin, Muzaffar H Qazilbash
INTRODUCTION: Outcome of patients with standard-risk (SR) multiple myeloma (MM) has improved; however, subsets of patients do worse than expected. We sought to identify the factors associated with inferior outcome. METHODS: We evaluated 51 patients with SR MM that received upfront autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HCT) after induction and had a progression-free survival (PFS) of ≤18 months. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 61 yr...
March 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776341/reduced-expression-of-filip1l-a-novel-wnt-pathway-inhibitor-is-associated-with-poor-survival-progression-and-chemoresistance-in-ovarian-cancer
#17
Mijung Kwon, Jae-Hoon Kim, Yevangelina Rybak, Alex Luna, Chel Hun Choi, Joon-Yong Chung, Stephen M Hewitt, Asha Adem, Elizabeth Tubridy, Juan Lin, Steven K Libutti
Filamin A interacting protein 1-like (FILIP1L) is an inhibitor of the canonical WNT pathway. WNT/β-catenin signaling and its downstream pathway, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), play a key role in ovarian cancer metastasis and chemoresistance. To study the clinical implications of FILIP1L in regulating the WNT/β-catenin pathway, the expression of FILIP1L, β-catenin, SNAIL and SLUG was analyzed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays of 369 ovarian samples ranging from normal to metastatic...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740635/a-novel-signalling-screen-demonstrates-that-calr-mutations-activate-essential-mapk-signalling-and-facilitate-megakaryocyte-differentiation
#18
K Kollmann, W Warsch, C Gonzalez-Arias, F L Nice, E Avezov, J Milburn, J Li, D Dimitropoulou, S Biddie, M Wang, E Poynton, M Colzani, M R Tijssen, S Anand, U McDermott, B Huntly, T Green
Most myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients lacking JAK2 mutations harbour somatic CALR mutations that are thought to activate cytokine signalling although the mechanism is unclear. To identify kinases important for survival of CALR-mutant cells, we developed a novel strategy (KISMET) that utilizes the full range of kinase selectivity data available from each inhibitor and thus takes advantage of off-target noise that limits conventional small-interfering RNA or inhibitor screens. KISMET successfully identified known essential kinases in haematopoietic and non-haematopoietic cell lines and identified the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway as required for growth of the CALR-mutated MARIMO cells...
December 2, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735940/ddx3-dead-box-rna-helicase-plays-a-central-role-in-mitochondrial-protein-quality-control-in-leishmania
#19
Prasad Kottayil Padmanabhan, Ouafa Zghidi-Abouzid, Mukesh Samant, Carole Dumas, Bruno Guedes Aguiar, Jerome Estaquier, Barbara Papadopoulou
DDX3 is a highly conserved member of ATP-dependent DEAD-box RNA helicases with multiple functions in RNA metabolism and cellular signaling. Here, we describe a novel function for DDX3 in regulating the mitochondrial stress response in the parasitic protozoan Leishmania. We show that genetic inactivation of DDX3 leads to the accumulation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) associated with a defect in hydrogen peroxide detoxification. Upon stress, ROS production is greatly enhanced, causing mitochondrial membrane potential loss, mitochondrial fragmentation, and cell death...
October 13, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733363/acute-hypercapnic-hyperoxia-stimulates-reactive-species-production-in-the-caudal-solitary-complex-of-rat-brain-slices-but-does-not-induce-oxidative-stress
#20
Geoffrey E Ciarlone, Jay B Dean
Central CO2 chemoreceptive neurons in the caudal solitary complex (cSC) are stimulated by hyperoxia via a free radical mechanism. Hyperoxia has been shown to increase superoxide and nitric oxide in the cSC, but it remains unknown how changes in Pco2 during hyperoxia affect the production of O2-dependent reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) downstream that can lead to increased levels of oxidative and nitrosative stress, cellular excitability, and, potentially, dysfunction. We used real-time fluorescence microscopy in rat brain slices to determine how hyperoxia and hypercapnic acidosis (HA) modulate one another in the production of key RONS, as well as colorimetric assays to measure levels of oxidized and nitrated lipids and proteins...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
keyword
keyword
12371
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"