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Infection control in ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763777/incorporation-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-into-morning-round-is-associated-with-improvement-in-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-sepsis
#1
Zhonghua Chen, Yucai Hong, Junru Dai, Lifeng Xing
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been widely used in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, it is largely unknown whether the use of POCUS is associated with improved patient-important outcomes. The study aimed to investigate whether incorporation of POCUS during morning round on a routine basis was able to improve clinical outcomes in critically ill patients with sepsis. DESIGN: It was a prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary care emergency intensive care unit...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740844/association-between-male-accesory-gland-infections-and-prostate-cancer-in-turkish-men-a-case-control-study
#2
S Aykan, M Z Temiz, M Yilmaz, I Ulus, E Yuruk, A Y Muslumanoglu
It is well known that chronic inflammation contributes to several forms of human cancer. Although several studies have investigated the association between prostatitis and prostate cancer, there is a lack of specifically designed study about male accessory gland infections (MAGI) and prostate cancer co-occurrence. We aimed to investigate this association with a case-control study in Turkish men. A total of 155 patients were enrolled to the study. After the pathological examination of the transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy specimens, patients were divided the two groups as control and prostate cancer and the presence of MAGI was determined...
May 8, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723457/-one-puncture-one-needle-trus-guided-prostate-biopsy-for-prevention-of-postoperative-infections
#3
Xiao-Fu Qiu, Guo-Sheng Yang, Bo-Te Chen, Li Ma
Objective: To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of "one-puncture one-needle" transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy in the prevention of postoperative infections. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about "one-puncture one-needle" (the observation group) and "one-person one-needle" (the control group) TRUS-guided prostate biopsy performed in the Second People's Hospital of Guangdong Province from January 2005 to December 2015, and compared the incidence rates of puncture-related infection between the two strategies...
July 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712616/what-is-the-added-value-of-ultrasound-joint-examination-for-monitoring-synovitis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-can-it-be-used-to-guide-treatment-decisions-a-systematic-review-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#4
Emma Simpson, Emma Hock, Matt Stevenson, Ruth Wong, Naila Dracup, Allan Wailoo, Philip Conaghan, Cristina Estrach, Christopher Edwards, Richard Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Synovitis (inflamed joint synovial lining) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be assessed by clinical examination (CE) or ultrasound (US). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the added value of US, compared with CE alone, in RA synovitis in terms of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane databases were searched from inception to October 2015. REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review sought RA studies that compared additional US with CE...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697470/update-on-techniques-to-prevent-infections-associated-with-prostate-needle-biopsy
#5
Matteo Fontana, Luca Boeri, Emanuele Montanari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postbiopsy infections (PBIs) are among the most common complications associated with transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSPB). This article discusses the pathogenesis of TRUSPB-associated infectious complications and reviews the most recent findings on techniques to prevent PBIs. RECENT FINDINGS: Risk stratification is a powerful tool for identifying TRUSPB candidates whom warrant additional preventive measures. Bowel preparation with povidone-iodine-based enemas and needle disinfection with formalin solution are simple and attractive strategies, but their effectiveness needs to be thoroughly assessed...
April 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696328/does-intermittent-pringle-maneuver-increase-postoperative-complications-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kit Fai Lee, John Wong, Sunny Y S Cheung, Charing C N Chong, Joyce W Y Hui, Vivian Y F Leung, Simon C H Yu, Paul B S Lai
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we have shown that intermittent Pringle maneuver (IPM) might increase postoperative complications after hepatectomy for various indications. Complications which thought to be related to IPM were ascites, pleural effusion, wound infection and intra-abdominal collection. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that applying IPM during hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) could increase postoperative complications. METHODS: Between January 2013 and October 2016, eligible patients who received elective open hepatectomy for HCC were randomized to have IPM or no Pringle maneuver (NPM)...
April 25, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666966/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-for-diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-notes-from-the-field
#7
Maria Teresa Giordani, Francesca Tamarozzi, Daniel Kaminstein, Enrico Brunetti, Tom Heller
BACKGROUND: Thoracic ultrasound is helpful to evaluate lung pathology in patients with acute dyspnea. Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of point-of-care ultrasound in patients with extrapulmonary TB and HIV co-infection. This retrospective, open-label case-control study explores the role of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in HIV-positive patients. In particular, it highlights the potential role of specific sonographic features that may be unique to this population...
April 17, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629891/ureterocele-fenestration-with-holmium-laser-in-neonates
#8
Predrag Ilic, Mirjana Jankovic, Maja Milickovic, Slobodan Dzambasanovic, Vladimir Kojovic
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of holmium-laser fenestration of intravesical ureteroceles in neonatal period. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the results of the holmium-laser puncture in ten neonates with intravesical ureterocele, between September 2013 and September 2016. Laser probe was placed through the cystoscope to the lowest and medial portion of the ureterocele, near the bladder floor. Few punctures (4 to 8) were made, until ureterocele has been collapsed...
2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623705/centella-asiatica-centellicum%C3%A2-facilitates-the-regular-healing-of-surgical-scars-in-subjects-at-high-risk-of-keloids
#9
Roberto Cotellese, Shu Hu, Gianni Belcaro, Andrea Ledda, Beatrice Feragalli, Mark Dugall, Morio Hosoi, Edmondo Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Formation of scars after surgical incisions requires the proper appositions of elements contributing to the scarring process. The structural rebuilding of damaged tissues is essential in producing a linear scar. The excess of blood, foreign particles, exuberant sutures, necrotic tissue, possible infective agents, as well as the ongoing inflammatory process may produce a non-linear, sometimes painful keloidal scar. Centella asiatica (CA) extracts have been used topically since ancient times for preventing keloids (i...
April 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622968/atherosclerosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-patients-with-and-without-liver-cirrhosis
#10
Ashraf Abd El-Khalik Barakat, Fatma Mohammad Nasr, Amna Ahmed Metwaly, Sherif Morsy, Mervat Eldamarawy
Background: Chronic Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and liver cirrhosis may be associated with atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD). There are two phases to atherosclerosis, Subclinical and Clinical. Assessment of atherosclerosis may be started at its Subclinical phase by the evaluation of Epicardial Fat Thickness (EpFT) and Carotid Intima Thickness (CIMT). Aim of the study: The aim of the study was to evaluate Clinical and Subclinical atherosclerosis in chronic HCV patients with and without liver cirrhosis by evaluating CIMT and EpFT and correlating the results with Child-Pugh functional scoring of cirrhosis as well as with ultrasound and laboratory parameters that define the severity of liver disease...
June 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582679/does-the-real-time-ultrasound-guidance-provide-safer-venipuncture-in-implantable-venous-port-implantation
#11
İlknur Yıldırım, Ayşe Çiğdem Tütüncü, Süleyman Bademler, İlker Özgür, Mukaddes Demiray, Hasan Karanlık
AIM: To examine whether the real-time ultrasound-guided venipuncture for implantable venous port placement is safer than the traditional venipuncture. METHODS: The study analyzed the results of 2153 venous ports placed consecutively from January 2009 to January 2016. A total of 922 patients in group 1 and 1231 patients in group 2 were admitted with venous port placed using the traditional landmark subclavian approach and real-time ultrasound-guided axillary approach, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569722/etiology-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-west-africa-a-case-control-study
#12
Antoine Jaquet, Boris Tchounga, Aristophane Tanon, Aklesso Bagny, Didier K Ekouevi, Hamar A Traore, Annie J Sasco, Moussa Maiga, François Dabis
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer in West Africa where HBV infection is endemic. However, limited information is available on other risk factors such as alcohol use, HCV and HIV infection. A case-control study was conducted in referral hospitals of Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire), Bamako (Mali) and Lome (Togo). Cases were matched with controls on age, gender and participating site. The diagnosis of HCC relied on the combination of one or more space-occupying lesions suggestive of an HCC on a standardized abdominal ultrasound and an α-fetoprotein level ≥400 ng/ml...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568549/markers-of-subclinical-atherosclerotic-disease-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#13
EDITORIAL
Pulin K Gupta, Manu Gupta, Ashok K Lal, Anil Taneja, Rajesh S Taneja, Bharat B Rewari
Background: Wider access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) has resulted in a decline in the number of people dying due to AIDS-related causes. However, with this increased longevity, accelerated rates of cardiovascular and atherosclerotic diseases are on the rise. We hypothesised that the prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases is greater in HIV/AIDS patients as compared to the normal population. Thus, we aimed to study the predictors of subclinical atherosclerotic disease in HIV-infected individuals...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513814/transforming-growth-factor-beta1-tgf-%C3%A3-1-levels-in-a-rat-model-of-induced-pleural-empyema
#14
Samanta Sarmento da Silva, Guilherme Eckert Peterson, Sérgio Luis Amantéa, Patrícia Miorelli, Jane Maria Ulbrich, Eliane Roesch, Paulo Roberto Sanches, Jose Carlos Fraga
PURPOSE: To evaluate the concentration of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) levels in a rat pleural effusion obtained by inoculation of intrapleural bacteria or turpentine through thoracentesis. METHODS: Thirty-Nine Wistar rats were divided into three groups: Staphylococcus aureus (SA, n = 17); Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP, n = 12); and turpentine (control, n = 10). Pleural fluid was collected through ultrasound-guided thoracentesis 12 h, 24 h, and 36 h after instillation of bacteria or turpentine...
February 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494684/neurogenic-bladder-findings-in-patients-with-congenital-zika-syndrome-a-novel-condition
#15
Lucia Maria Costa Monteiro, Glaura Nisya de Oliveira Cruz, Juliana Marin Fontes, Tania Regina Dias Saad Salles, Marcia Cristina Bastos Boechat, Ana Carolina Monteiro, Maria Elizabeth Lopes Moreira
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS) has been associated with microcephaly and other central nervous system abnormalities including areas that have been implicated in the control of the lower urinary tract. As such, this descriptive case series has aimed to investigate whether CZS is linked with neurogenic bladder. Identifying such an association is paramount in the effort to recognize CZS complications that have putative treatment options that could mitigate the impact of CZS in infected children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470628/bladder-debris-on-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department-correlation-with-urinalysis
#16
Ghaneh Fananapazir, Behrad Golshani, Ling-Xin Chen, John P McGahan, Angelo M de Mattos, Michael T Corwin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between the presence of bladder debris on ultrasound and urinalysis results in the emergency department setting. METHODS: Adult patients presenting to the emergency department with an ultrasound of the bladder and a urinalysis performed within 24 h of the ultrasound were included in this retrospective study. Two radiologists in consensus evaluated for the presence or absence of debris within the bladder. Urinalysis results were recorded including continuous variables (specific gravity and pH) and categorical variables (presence of occult blood, bilirubin, ketones, glucose, protein, urobilinogen, nitrite, leukocyte esterase, white blood cells, and red blood cells)...
February 22, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460276/surgery-for-trigger-finger
#17
REVIEW
Haroldo Junior Fiorini, Marcel Jun Tamaoki, Mário Lenza, Joao Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, Flávio Faloppa, Joao Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Trigger finger is a common clinical disorder, characterised by pain and catching as the patient flexes and extends digits because of disproportion between the diameter of flexor tendons and the A1 pulley. The treatment approach may include non-surgical or surgical treatments. Currently there is no consensus about the best surgical treatment approach (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different methods of surgical treatment for trigger finger (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches) in adults at any stage of the disease...
February 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459021/mesh-versus-suture-repair-of-umbilical-hernia-in-adults-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-multicentre-trial
#18
Ruth Kaufmann, Jens A Halm, Hasan H Eker, Pieter J Klitsie, Jeroen Nieuwenhuizen, Dick van Geldere, Maarten P Simons, Erwin van der Harst, Martijne van 't Riet, Bronno van der Holt, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Johannes Jeekel, Johan F Lange
BACKGROUND: Both mesh and suture repair are used for the treatment of umbilical hernias, but for smaller umbilical hernias (diameter 1-4 cm) there is little evidence whether mesh repair would be beneficial. In this study we aimed to investigate whether use of a mesh was better in reducing recurrence compared with suture repair for smaller umbilical hernias. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, controlled multicentre trial in 12 hospitals (nine in the Netherlands, two in Germany, and one in Italy)...
March 3, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406564/current-but-not-past-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-is-associated-with-a-decreased-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-the-chinese-population-a-case-control-study-with-propensity-score-analysis
#19
G C Zhong, Y L Wu, F B Hao, X W Rao, X W Yuan, Y Zhao, J P Gong
The relation between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and fatty liver has been addressed by several observational studies, but their results remain controversial. To date, no study has precisely investigated the association of current and past HBV infection with the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Chinese population. Therefore, we conducted a hospital-based case-control study in southwestern China to clarify this issue. A total of 631 newly ultrasound-diagnosed NAFLD cases and 2357 controls were selected from 123 243 consecutive patients admitted to a tertiary-care hospital between January 2015 and December 2016...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393813/reinfection-after-treatment-of-first-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-infection-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#20
Tamara D Simon, Matthew P Kronman, Kathryn B Whitlock, Nancy E Gove, Nicole Mayer-Hamblett, Samuel R Browd, D Douglas Cochrane, Richard Holubkov, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Marcie Langley, David D Limbrick, Thomas G Luerssen, W Jerry Oakes, Jay Riva-Cambrin, Curtis Rozzelle, Chevis Shannon, Mandeep Tamber, John C Wellons, William E Whitehead, John R W Kestle
OBJECTIVE CSF shunt infection requires both surgical and antibiotic treatment. Surgical treatment includes either total shunt removal with external ventricular drain (EVD) placement followed by new shunt insertion, or distal shunt externalization followed by new shunt insertion once the CSF is sterile. Antibiotic treatment includes the administration of intravenous antibiotics. The Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) registry provides a unique opportunity to understand reinfection following treatment for CSF shunt infection...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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