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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226837/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-myoelectrical-energy-distribution-of-the-front-neck-muscles-in-pharyngeal-phase-during-normal-swallowing
#1
Mingxing Zhu, Wanzhang Yang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Yun Xiang, Jianping Huang, Haiqing Zou, Guanglin Li, Mingxing Zhu, Wanzhang Yang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Yun Xiang, Jianping Huang, Haiqing Zou, Guanglin Li, Wanzhang Yang, Yun Xiang, Guanglin Li, Haiqing Zou, Jianping Huang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Mingxing Zhu
Pharyngeal phase is a central hub of swallowing in which food bolus pass through from the oral cavity to the esophageal. Proper understanding of the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase is useful for assessing swallowing function and the occurrence of dysphagia in humans. In this study, high-density (HD) surface electromyography (sEMG) was used to study the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase during swallowing tasks involving three healthy male subjects. The root mean square (RMS) of the HD sEMG data was computed by using a series of segmented windows as myoelectrical energy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226358/-laparoscopic-segmental-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer
#2
Lai Xu, Beizhan Niu, Xiyu Sun, Menghua Dai, Yi Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of segmental pylorus-reservation gastrectomy in patients with early gastric cancer. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study on clinical data of 6 patients strictly met the criteria of early gastric cancer locating in the middle of the stomach undergoing laparoscopic segmental gastrectomy from January 2014 to April 2016 at Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital was carried out. Preoperative clinical staging revealed T1N0M0 for all the cases...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226292/hplc-dad-qtof-ms-profiling-of-phenolics-from-leaf-extracts-of-two-tunisian-fig-cultivars-potential-as-a-functional-food
#3
Olfa Belguith-Hadriche, Sonda Ammar, María Del Mar Contreras, Hamadi Fetoui, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Abdelfattah El Feki, Mohamed Bouaziz
The phenolic constituents of the aqueous-ethanolic extract of two Tunisian Ficus carica leaves cultivars and their hypoglycaemic, hypolipidaemic and antioxidative activities in alloxan-induced diabetic rats were investigated. Our results demonstrated that the treatment with the leaves extracts of F. carica improved lipid profile and reduced blood glucose level as well as thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances content. The antioxidant enzymes activity in the liver and heart tissues of diabetic rats was increased after the treatment...
February 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226268/recent-progress-in-diatom-genomics-and-epigenomics
#4
REVIEW
Leila Tirichine, Achal Rastogi, Chris Bowler
Diatoms are one of the most diverse and successful groups of phytoplankton at the base of the food chain, sustaining life in the ocean and performing vital biogeochemical functions. The last fifteen years have witnessed the comprehensive analysis of several diatom genomes, revealing that they bear traces of their endosymbiotic origins from algal and heterotrophic ancestors, as well as significant gene transfer from bacteria. Their chimeric genomes are further regulated by a range of chromatin-based processes that are characteristic of both plant and animal genomes...
February 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226230/genomics-physiology-and-molecular-breeding-approaches-for-improving-salt-tolerance
#5
Abdelbagi M Ismail, Tomoaki Horie
Salt stress reduces land and water productivity and contributes to poverty and food insecurity. Increased salinization caused by human practices and climate change is progressively reducing agriculture productivity despite escalating calls for more food. Plant responses to salt stress are fairly well understood, involving numerous critical processes that are each controlled by multiple genes. Knowledge of the critical mechanisms controlling salt uptake and exclusion from functioning tissues, signaling of salt stress, and the arsenal of protective metabolites is advancing...
February 22, 2017: Annual Review of Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225891/soy-milk-versus-simvastatin-for-preventing-atherosclerosis-and-left-ventricle-remodeling-in-ldl-receptor-knockout-mice
#6
L Santos, A P Davel, T I R Almeida, M R Almeida, E A Soares, G J M Fernandes, S F Magalhães, V G Barauna, J A D Garcia
Functional food intake has been highlighted as a strategy for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases by reducing risk factors. In this study, we compared the effects of oral treatment with soy milk and simvastatin on dyslipidemia, left ventricle remodeling and atherosclerotic lesion of LDL receptor knockout mice (LDLr-/-) fed a hyperlipidic diet. Forty 3-month old male LDLr-/- mice were distributed into four groups: control group (C), in which animals received standard diet; HL group, in which animals were fed a hyperlipidic diet; HL+SM or HL+S groups, in which animals were submitted to a hyperlipidic diet plus soy milk or simvastatin, respectively...
February 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225835/mulberry-extract-improves-glucose-tolerance-and-decreases-insulin-concentrations-in-normoglycaemic-adults-results-of-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#7
Mark Lown, Richard Fuller, Helen Lightowler, Ann Fraser, Andrew Gallagher, Beth Stuart, Christopher Byrne, George Lewith
BACKGROUND: High sugar and refined carbohydrate intake is associated with weight gain, increased incidence of diabetes and is linked with increased cardiovascular mortality. Reducing the health impact of poor quality carbohydrate intake is a public health priority. Reducose, a proprietary mulberry leaf extract (ME), may reduce blood glucose responses following dietary carbohydrate intake by reducing absorption of glucose from the gut. METHODS: A double-blind, randomised, repeat measure, phase 2 crossover design was used to study the glycaemic and insulinaemic response to one reference product and three test products at the Functional Food Centre, Oxford Brooks University, UK...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225776/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-food-intake-difficulties-among-residents-with-dementia
#8
Chia-Chi Chang, Yu-Fang Lin, Chia-Hui Chiu, Yuan-Mei Liao, Mu-Hsing Ho, Yen-Kuang Lin, Kuei-Ru Chou, Megan F Liu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the prevalence of food intake difficulties and their associated factors among residents with dementia in long-term care facilities in Taiwan. The purpose of the study was to identify the best cutoff point for the Chinese Feeding Difficulty Index (Ch-FDI), which evaluates the prevalence of food intake difficulties and recognizes factors associated with eating behaviors in residents with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225030/chemometric-assisted-quechers-extraction-method-for-post-harvest-pesticide-determination-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#9
Minmin Li, Chao Dai, Fengzhong Wang, Zhiqiang Kong, Yan He, Ya Tao Huang, Bei Fan
An effective analysis method was developed based on a chemometric tool for the simultaneous quantification of five different post-harvest pesticides (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), carbendazim, thiabendazole, iprodione, and prochloraz) in fruits and vegetables. In the modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) method, the factors and responses for optimization of the extraction and cleanup analyses were compared using the Plackett-Burman (P-B) screening design. Furthermore, the significant factors (toluene percentage, hydrochloric acid (HCl) percentage, and graphitized carbon black (GCB) amount) were optimized using a central composite design (CCD) combined with Derringer's desirability function (DF)...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224622/slc2a3-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-and-duplication-influence-cognitive-processing-and-population-specific-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Sören Merker, Andreas Reif, Georg C Ziegler, Heike Weber, Ute Mayer, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Annette Conzelmann, Stefan Johansson, Clemens Müller-Reible, Indrajit Nanda, Thomas Haaf, Reinhard Ullmann, Marcel Romanos, Andreas J Fallgatter, Paul Pauli, Tatyana Strekalova, Charline Jansch, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Jan Haavik, Marta Ribasés, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Jan K Buitelaar, Barbara Franke, Klaus-Peter Lesch
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder with profound cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial impairments with persistence across the life cycle. Our initial genome-wide screening approach for copy number variants (CNVs) in ADHD implicated a duplication of SLC2A3, encoding glucose transporter-3 (GLUT3). GLUT3 plays a critical role in cerebral glucose metabolism, providing energy for the activity of neurons, which, in turn, moderates the excitatory-inhibitory balance impacting both brain development and activity-dependent neural plasticity...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224358/synthesis-characterization-and-dna-binding-studies-of-hydroxyl-functionalized-platinum-ii-salphen-complexes
#11
Shahratul Ain Mohd Sukri, Lee Yook Heng, Nurul Huda Abd Karim
The platinum(II) salphen complex N,N'-Bis-4-(hydroxysalicylidene)-phenylenediamine-platinum(II); (1) and its two derivatives containing hydroxyl functionalized side chains N,N'-bis-[4-[[1-(2-hydroxyethoxy)] salicylidene] phenylenediamine-platinum(II); (2) and N,N'-bis-[4-[[1-(3-hydroxypropoxy)] salicylidene] phenylenediamine-platinum(II); (3) were synthesized and characterized. The structures of the complexes were confirmed by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, FTIR, ESI-MS and CHN elemental analyses. The effects of the hydroxyl substituent on the spectral properties and the DNA binding behaviors of the Pt(II) complexes were explored...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223974/determination-of-antibacterial-and-technological-properties-of-vaginal-lactobacilli-for-their-potential-application-in-dairy-products
#12
Lorenzo Siroli, Francesca Patrignani, Diana I Serrazanetti, Carola Parolin, Rogers A Ñahui Palomino, Beatrice Vitali, Rosalba Lanciotti
Functional foods could differently affect human health in relation to the gender. Recent studies have highlighted the anti-Candida and anti-Chlamydia activities of some Lactobacillus strains isolated from the vagina of healthy women. Considering these important beneficial activities on women's health, the preparation of functional food containing active vaginal lactobacilli can represent a great scientific challenge for the female gender. In this context, the aim of this work was to study some functional and technological properties of 17 vaginal strains belonging to the species Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus vaginalis in the perspective to include them in dairy products...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223973/a-perspective-study-of-koumiss-microbiome-by-metagenomics-analysis-based-on-single-cell-amplification-technique
#13
Guoqiang Yao, Jie Yu, Qiangchuan Hou, Wenyan Hui, Wenjun Liu, Lai-Yu Kwok, Bilige Menghe, Tiansong Sun, Heping Zhang, Wenyi Zhang
Koumiss is a traditional fermented dairy product and a good source for isolating novel bacteria with biotechnology potential. In the present study, we applied the single-cell amplification technique in the metagenomics analysis of koumiss. This approach aimed at detecting the low-abundant bacteria in the koumiss. Briefly, each sample was first serially diluted until reaching the level of approximately 100 cells. Then, three diluted bacterial suspensions were randomly picked for further study. By analyzing 30 diluted koumiss suspensions, a total of 24 bacterial species were identified...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223868/assessment-of-novel-oral-anticoagulant-use-within-a-community-teaching-hospital
#14
Sultan Alghadeer, Lori Hornsby
: Background: Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are considered to be at least as effective and safe as warfarin with several advantages such as predictable pharmacokinetics, allowing for standardized dosing without monitoring, a lack of food interactions and fewer drug interactions; however, their misuse could potentially result in patient harm. Objective: To evaluate the appropriate use of the NOACs within a community teaching hospital. SETTING: A community teaching hospital in the United States...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223801/phytobioactive-compound-based-nanodelivery-systems-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-current-status
#15
REVIEW
Palanivel Ganesan, Palanisamy Arulselvan, Dong-Kug Choi
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major chronic disease that is prevalent worldwide, and it is characterized by an increase in blood glucose, disturbances in the metabolism, and alteration in insulin secretion. Nowadays, food-based therapy has become an important treatment mode for type 2 diabetes, and phytobioactive compounds have gained an increasing amount of attention to this end because they have an effect on multiple biological functions, including the sustained secretion of insulin and regeneration of pancreatic islets cells...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221941/the-hap-complex-governs-fumonisin-biosynthesis-and-maize-kernel-pathogenesis-in-fusarium-verticillioides
#16
John B Ridenour, Jonathon E Smith, Burton H Bluhm
Contamination of maize ( Zea mays ) with fumonisins produced by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides is a global concern for food safety. Fumonisins are a group of polyketide-derived secondary metabolites linked to esophageal cancer and neural tube birth defects in humans and numerous toxicoses in livestock. Despite the importance of fumonisins in global maize production, the regulation of fumonisin biosynthesis during kernel pathogenesis is poorly understood. The HAP complex is a conserved, heterotrimeric transcriptional regulator that binds the consensus sequence CCAAT to modulate gene expression...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221912/isolation-identification-and-evaluation-of-new-lactic-acid-bacteria-strains-with-both-cellular-antioxidant-and-bile-salt-hydrolase-activities-in-vitro
#17
Shuang Xu, Taigang Liu, Chiraz Akorede Ibinke Radji, Jing Yang, Lanming Chen
In this study, we analyzed Chinese traditional fermented food to isolate and identify new lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains with novel functional properties and to evaluate their cellular antioxidant and bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activities in vitro. A sequential screening strategy was developed to efficiently isolate and obtain 261 LAB strains tolerant of bile salt, acid, and H2O2 from nine Chinese traditional fermented foods. Among these strains, 70 were identified as having 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging and/or BSH activity...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221855/survival-kinetics-of-salmonella-enterica-and-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-on-a-plastic-surface-at-low-relative-humidity-and-on-low-water-activity-foods
#18
Hidekazu Hokunan, Kento Koyama, Mayumi Hasegawa, Shuso Kawamura, Shigenobu Koseki
We investigated the survival kinetics of Salmonella enterica and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli under various water activity (aw) conditions to elucidate the net effect of aw on pathogen survival kinetics and to pursue the development of a predictive model of pathogen survival as a function of aw. Four serotypes of S. enterica (Stanley, Typhimurium, Chester, and Oranienburg) and three serotypes of enterohemorrhagic E. coli ( E. coli O26, E. coli O111, and E. coli O157:H7) were examined. These bacterial strains were inoculated on a plastic plate surface at a constant relative humidity (RH) (22, 43, 58, 68, or 93% RH, corresponding to the aw) or on a surface of almond kernels (aw 0...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221708/improved-management-of-small-pelagic-fisheries-through-seasonal-climate-prediction
#19
Désirée Tommasi, Charles A Stock, Kathleen Pegion, Gabriel A Vecchi, Richard D Methot, Michael A Alexander, David M Checkley
Populations of small pelagic fish are strongly influenced by climate. The inability of managers to anticipate environment-driven fluctuations in stock productivity or distribution can lead to overfishing and stock collapses, inflexible management regulations inducing shifts in the functional response to human predators, lost opportunities to harvest populations, bankruptcies in the fishing industry, and loss of resilience in the human food supply. Recent advances in dynamical global climate prediction systems allow for sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly predictions at a seasonal scale over many shelf ecosystems...
October 12, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220999/the-drosophila-divalent-metal-ion-transporter-malvolio-is-required-in-dopaminergic-neurons-for-feeding-decisions
#20
Eirik Søvik, Angela LaMora, Gurpreet Seehra, Andrew B Barron, Jennifer G Duncan, Yehuda Ben-Shahar
Members of the Natural resistance-associated macrophage protein (NRAMP) family are evolutionarily-conserved metal ion transporters that play an essential role in regulating intracellular divalent cation homeostasis in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Malvolio (Mvl), the sole NRAMP family member in insects, plays a role in food choice behaviors in Drosophila and other species. However, the specific physiological and cellular processes that require the action of Mvl for appropriate feeding decisions remain elusive...
February 21, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
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