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Colorectal cancer microRNA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636562/exosome-encapsulated-micrornas-as-circulating-biomarkers-for-colorectal-cancer
#1
Shushan Yan, Bing Han, Shunyuan Gao, Xiaochen Wang, Zengfang Wang, Fakai Wang, Jianjun Zhang, Donghua Xu, Beicheng Sun
Currently available studies have suggested that a number of exosome-encapsulated microRNAs (miRNAs) are recognized as stable biomarkers for cancers. However, little is known about the effect of exosomal miRNAs on colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of study is to identify specific miRNAs in serum exosomes, which may serve as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for CRC. Microarray analyses of miRNAs in serum exosomes from 3 primary CRC patients and 3 healthy controls were performed...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628609/a-multidimensional-integration-analysis-reveals-potential-bridging-targets-in-the-process-of-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis
#2
Bo Gao, Tian Yu, Dongbo Xue, Boshi Sun, Qin Shao, Hani Choudhry, Victoria Marcus, Jiannis Ragoussis, Yuguo Zhang, Weihui Zhang, Zu-Hua Gao
Approximately 9% of cancer-related deaths are caused by colorectal cancer. Liver metastasis is a major factor for the high colorectal cancer mortality rate. However, the molecular mechanism underlying colorectal cancer liver metastasis remains unclear. Using a global and multidimensional integration approach, we studied sequencing data, protein-protein interactions, and regulation of transcription factor and non-coding RNAs in primary tumor samples and liver metastasis samples to unveil the potential bridging molecules and the regulators that functionally link different stages of colorectal cancer liver metastasis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626361/molecular-biomarkers-of-colorectal-cancer-and-cancer-disparities-current-status-and-perspective
#3
Upender Manne, Trafina Jadhav, Balananda-Dhurjati Kumar Putcha, Temesgen Samuel, Shivani Soni, Chandrakumar Shanmugam, Esther A Suswam
This review provides updates on the efforts for the development of prognostic and predictive markers in colorectal cancer based on the race/ethnicity of patients. Since the clinical consequences of genetic and molecular alterations differ with patient race and ethnicity, the usefulness of these molecular alterations as biomarkers needs to be evaluated in different racial/ethnic groups. To accomplish personalized patient care, a combined analysis of multiple molecular alterations in DNA, RNA, microRNAs (miRNAs), metabolites, and proteins in a single test is required to assess disease status in a precise way...
December 2016: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624481/mir-34a-overexpression-predicts-poor-prognostic-outcome-in-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-independently-of-clinicopathological-factors-with-established-prognostic-value
#4
Stamatia-Maria Rapti, Christos K Kontos, Spyridon Christodoulou, Iordanis N Papadopoulos, Andreas Scorilas
OBJECTIVES: MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is regulated by TP53 and, in response, downregulates the expression of a gamut of protein-coding genes, including apoptosis regulators, transcription factors, cyclins, and cyclin-dependent kinases. Its upregulation initiates a reprogramming of gene expression and promotes apoptosis. The purpose of this study was the investigation of the potential clinical significance of miR-34a as a molecular prognostic biomarker in colorectal adenocarcinoma using an in-house real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) methodology...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618945/the-expression-profiling-of-serum-mir-92a-mir-375-and-mir-760-in-colorectal-cancer-an-egyptian-study
#5
Ahmed Elshafei, Olfat Shaker, Ossama Abd El-Motaal, Tarek Salman
Dysregulation in microRNA expression is a common feature in colorectal cancer. Due to the inconsistent results regarding serum miR-92a expression pattern and the insufficient studies on serum miR-375 and miR-760, we aimed in this study to investigate their expression profile and diagnostic and prognostic power in Egyptian colorectal cancer patients. The expression profile of miR-92a, miR-375, and miR-760 was determined in the sera of 64 colorectal cancer patients using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in comparison to 27 healthy control subjects...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606130/angptl1-attenuates-colorectal-cancer-metastasis-by-up-regulating-microrna-138
#6
Haiyan Chen, Qian Xiao, Yeting Hu, Liubo Chen, Kai Jiang, Yang Tang, Yinuo Tan, Wangxiong Hu, Zhanhuai Wang, Jinjie He, Yue Liu, Yibo Cai, Qi Yang, Kefeng Ding
BACKGROUND: Angiopoietin-like protein 1 (ANGPTL1) has been reported to suppress migration and invasion in lung and breast cancer, acting as a novel tumor suppressor candidate. Nevertheless, its effects on colorectal cancer (CRC) remain poorly defined. In this study, we aim to demonstrate the biological function of ANGPTL1 in CRC cells. METHODS: We explored ANGPTL1 mRNA expression in human CRC tissues and its association with prognosis. CRC cell lines overexpressing ANGPTL1 or with ANGPTL1 knocked down were constructed and analyzed for changes in proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602756/antrodia-cinnamomea-sensitizes-radio-chemo-therapy-of-cancer-stem-like-cells-by-modulating-microrna-expression
#7
Yu-Kai Su, Ping-Hsiao Shih, Wei-Hwa Lee, Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu, Alexander T H Wu, Chun-Chih Huang, Yew-Min Tzeng, Michael Hsiao, Chi-Tai Yeh, Chien-Min Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The discovery of many tissue-specific cancer stem cells (CSCs) continues to attract scientific attention. These CSCs are considered to be associated with chemo- and radio-resistance, and consequently, failure of conventional anticancer therapies. The recent demonstration of several microRNAs as enhancers of tumorigenicity via modulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and cancer stemness, makes them putative novel therapeutic target in oncology. Antrodia cinnamomea is a Chinese traditional medicine with several biological functions including anti-inflammation, antioxidant, and cancer prevention...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600480/mir-193a-3p-is-a-key-tumor-suppressor-in-ulcerative-colitis-associated-colon-cancer-and-promotes-carcinogenesis-through-up-regulation-of-il17rd
#8
Joel Pekow, Katherine Meckel, Urszula Dougherty, Yong Huang, Xindi Chen, Anas Almoghrabi, Reba Mustafi, Fatma Ayaloglu-Butun, Zifeng Deng, Haider I Haider, John Hart, David T Rubin, John H Kwon, Marc Bissonnette
Purpose: Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are at increased risk for colorectal cancer, although mechanisms underlying neoplastic transformation are poorly understood. We sought to evaluate the role of microRNAs in neoplasia development in this high-risk population.   <p>Experimental Design: Tissue from 12 controls, 9 UC patients without neoplasia, and 11 UC patients with neoplasia was analyzed. miRNA array analysis was performed and select miRNAs assayed by real-time PCR on the discovery cohort and a validation cohort...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600172/conditional-knockout-of-microrna-31-promotes-the-development-of-colitis-associated-cancer
#9
Zhaoyuan Liu, Jing Bai, Lingyun Zhang, Fangzhou Lou, Fang Ke, Wei Cai, Honglin Wang
MicroRNA-31 (miR-31) is an evolutionarily conserved microRNA, and its biological function in colorectal cancer and other cancers is controversial. In this study, we identified the host gene of mouse miR-31 and found that miR-31 was over-expressed in both human colorectal cancer and mouse colon cancer models. We here developed a miR-31 conditional knockout mouse model that allows for colon epithelium specific deletion of miR-31 to investigate its functionality in colon cancer development. We demonstrated that mice with miR-31 conditional deletion resulted in more severe colitis-associated cancer than wild-type, and we further identified Wdr5 as an important target of miR-31...
June 6, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599275/dicer-suppresses-cytoskeleton-remodeling-and-tumorigenesis-of-colorectal-epithelium-by-mir-324-5p-mediated-suppression-of-hmgxb3-and-wasf-2
#10
Li Na Sun, Cheng Xing, Zheng Zhi, Yao Liu, Liang-Yan Chen, Tong Shen, Qun Zhou, Yu Hong Liu, Wen Juan Gan, Jing-Ru Wang, Yong Xu, Jian Ming Li
Emerging evidence indicates that microRNAs, a class of small and well-conserved noncoding RNAs, participate in many physiological and pathological processes. RNase III endonuclease DICER is one of the key enzymes for microRNA biogenesis. Here, we found that DICER was downregulated in tumor samples of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients at both mRNA and protein levels. Importantly, intestinal epithelial cell (IEC)-specific deletion of Dicer mice got more tumors after azoxymethane and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) administration...
May 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596471/microrna-profiles-involved-in-trifluridine-resistance
#11
Kenta Tsunekuni, Masamitsu Konno, Ayumu Asai, Jun Koseki, Takashi Kobunai, Teiji Takechi, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Hideshi Ishii
Trifluridine (FTD) is a key component of the novel oral antitumor drug trifluridine/tipiracil, which is approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer refractory to standard chemotherapies. A microRNA analysis of three colorectal cell lines was conducted to investigate causes of FTD resistance. Drug resistant sublines of DLD-1, HCT-116, and RKO cells were developed by continuous administration of increasing doses of FTD for 5 months. The let-7d-5p gene, which maps to chromosome 9q22...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594651/mir-4728-3p-functions-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-ulcerative-colitis-associated-colorectal-neoplasia-through-regulation-of-focal-adhesion-signaling
#12
Joel Pekow, Alan L Hutchison, Katherine Meckel, Kymberly Harrington, Zifeng Deng, Nitya Talasila, David T Rubin, Stephen B Hanauer, Roger Hurst, Konstantin Umanskiy, Alessandro Fichera, John Hart, Aaron R Dinner, Marc Bissonnette
BACKGROUND: As mechanisms of neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) remain poorly understood, we sought to identify pathways of carcinogenesis in this high-risk population. METHODS: MicroRNA (miRNA) and mRNA expression was examined in nondysplastic rectosigmoid mucosa from UC patients with (n = 19) or without remote colon neoplasia (n = 23). We developed a method to identify miRNA-regulated pathways based on differentially expressed miRNAs and their putative mRNAs targets in the same samples...
June 9, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573140/colorectal-cancer-from-the-genetic-model-to-posttranscriptional-regulation-by-noncoding-rnas
#13
REVIEW
María Antonia Lizarbe, Jorge Calle-Espinosa, Eva Fernández-Lizarbe, Sara Fernández-Lizarbe, Miguel Ángel Robles, Nieves Olmo, Javier Turnay
Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer in developed countries and, despite the improvements achieved in its treatment options, remains as one of the main causes of cancer-related death. In this review, we first focus on colorectal carcinogenesis and on the genetic and epigenetic alterations involved. In addition, noncoding RNAs have been shown to be important regulators of gene expression. We present a general overview of what is known about these molecules and their role and dysregulation in cancer, with a special focus on the biogenesis, characteristics, and function of microRNAs...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549913/microrna-186-5p-overexpression-modulates-colon-cancer-growth-by-repressing-the-expression-of-the-fam134b-tumour-inhibitor
#14
Farhadul Islam, Vinod Gopalan, Jelena Vider, Riajul Wahab, Faeza Ebrahimi, Cu-Tai Lu, Kais Kasem, Alfred K Y Lam
OBJECTIVES: The role and underlying mechanism of miR-186-5p in colorectal cancer remain unknown. The present study aims to examine the various cellular effects of miR-186-5p in the carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer. Also, the interacting targets and association of clinicopathological factors with miR-186-5p expression in patients with colorectal cancer were analysed. METHODS: The miR-186-5p expression levels in colorectal cancer tissues (n=126) and colon cancer cell lines (n=3) were analysed by real-time PCR...
May 24, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539527/effects-of-zebularine-on-invasion-activity-and-intracellular-expression-level-of-let-7b-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#15
Shota Tanaka, Mika Hosokawa, Jyuri Matsumura, Emi Matsubara, Aika Kobori, Kumiko Ueda, Seigo Iwakawa
The effects of zebularine, a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, on the invasion activity as well as intracellular expression level of let-7b, tumor suppressor microRNA, were examined in three human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines: SW480, SW620, and oxaliplatin-resistant SW620 (SW620/OxR). Zebularine suppressed the invasion activity of SW620 and SW620/OxR cells. The intracellular expression level of let-7b was up-regulated by zebularine in SW620 and SW620/OxR cells. The overexpression of let-7b by the transfection of let-7b mimic suppressed invasion activity in SW620 and SW620/OxR cells...
May 25, 2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538837/microrna-455-suppresses-the-oncogenic-function-of-hdac2-in-human-colorectal-cancer
#16
Q D Mao, W Zhang, K Zhao, B Cao, H Yuan, L Z Wei, M Q Song, X S Liu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-induced mortality. Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) is involved in prognosis and therapy of CRC. This study aimed to explore novel therapeutic targets for CRC. The alteration of HDAC2 expression in CRC tissues was estimated by qRT-PCR. After lentivirus transfection, HDAC2 knockdown was confirmed by western blot analysis. The effect of HDAC2 knockdown on cell proliferation was then assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
May 18, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537887/dietary-factors-and-microrna-binding-site-polymorphisms-in-the-il13-gene-risk-and-prognosis-analysis-of-colorectal-cancer
#17
Yanming Yu, Junde Zhou, Chen Gong, Zhiping Long, Jingshen Tian, Lin Zhu, Jing Li, Hongyuan Yu, Fan Wang, Yashuang Zhao
Long-term dietary intake influences the structure and activity of microorganisms residing in the human gut. The immune response and gut microbiota have a mutual influence on the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). This study examines the association of gut microbiota-related dietary factors and polymorphisms in the microRNA-binding site of the interleukin 13 gene (IL13) with the risk and prognosis of CRC. Three polymorphisms (rs847, rs848, and rs1295685) were selected for genotyping in a case-control study (513 cases, 572 controls), and 386 CRC patients were followed up...
May 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533224/microrna-196b-5p-regulates-colorectal-cancer-cell-migration-and-metastases-through-interaction-of-hoxb7-and-galnt5
#18
Verena Stiegelbauer, Petra Vychytilova-Faltejskova, Michael Karbiener, Anna-Maria Pehserl, Andreas Reicher, Margit Resel, Ellen Heitzer, Cristina Ivan, Marc D Bullock, Hui Ling, Alexander Ja Deutsch, Annika Wulf-Goldenberg, Jan Basri Adiprasito, Herbert Stöger, Johannes Haybaeck, Marek Svoboda, Michael Stotz, Gerald Höfler, Ondrej Slaby, George A Calin, Armin Gerger, Martin Pichler
Purpose: MicroRNA-196b-5p (miR-196b-5p) has been previously implicated in malignant transformation, however, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been fully explored. In the current study, we examine the clinical and biological relevance of miR-196b-5p, and the molecular pathways regulated by miR-196b-5p in CRC. <p>Experimental design: MiR-196b-5p expression was quantitated by qRT-PCR in two independent cohorts comprised of 292 CRC patients in total, to explore its biomarker potential. Transient and stable gain and loss of function experiments were conducted in a panel of CRC cell lines and mice, to evaluate the impact of miR-196b-5p on proliferation, chemo-sensitivity, migration/invasion and metastases formation in vitro and in vivo The molecular pathways influenced by miR-196b-5p were characterized using whole transcriptome profiling, in-silico target prediction tools, luciferase-interaction assays, and pheno-copy/rescue gene knock-down experiments...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528497/microrna-30a-5p-mir-30a-regulates-cell-motility-and-emt-by-directly-targeting-oncogenic-tm4sf1-in-colorectal-cancer
#19
Y R Park, S L Kim, M R Lee, S Y Seo, J H Lee, S H Kim, I H Kim, S O Lee, S T Lee, Sang Wook Kim
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide, and many oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes are involved in CRC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that can negatively regulate gene expression. Previous studies have revealed that miRNAs regulate the development and progression of many cancers. In this study, we investigated the role of microRNA-30a-5p (miR-30a) in CRC and its unknown mechanisms. METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to detect miR-30a and TM4SF1 mRNA expression in CRC specimens and cell lines...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521462/microrna-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#20
Guo-Qiang Rong, Xin-Mei Zhang, Bo Chen, Xiao-Dong Yang, Hao-Rong Wu, Wei Gong
The present study was carried out to demonstrate the epidemiological value of microRNA (miRNA) in colorectal cancer (CRC) by investigating the association between miRNA gene polymorphisms and the susceptibility to CRC. Multiple meta-analyses of reported data were conducted, and odds ratio values and 95% confidence intervals were used to assess these associations. Stata 11.0 software was used to analyze the data and the modified Jadad quality score was employed to evaluate the quality of the retrieved studies...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
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