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Orthopaedic, sport medicine

Prem N Ramkumar, Ton La, Evan Fisch, Peter D Fabricant, Alexander E White, Kristofer J Jones, Samuel A Taylor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study of social media in sports medicine was to investigate and analyze the presence and shared content of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients, sports surgeons, and top orthopaedic hospitals on popular social media streams. METHODS: A search of 2 public domains (Instagram and Twitter) was performed over a 6-month period. ACL surgery ("#aclsurgery") was selected for the Instagram-based patient analysis after exclusion of veterinary ACL operations...
October 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Sufian S Ahmad, Johannes C Meyer, Anna M Krismer, Suhaib S Ahmad, Dimitrios S Evangelopoulos, Sven Hoppe, Sandro Kohl
PURPOSE: Clinical research in the area of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has shown substantial growth during the last decade. This was accompanied by the establishment of a wide range of outcome measures used to address the demands of clinical studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome measures reported by highly cited level I trials in ACL research and identify factors influencing citation metrics. METHODS: The database of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was utilized to screen journals under the subject categories "Orthopaedics", "Sports Sciences", "Radiology" and "General medicine" for the 50 most cited level I ACL trials based on predefined inclusion criteria...
October 14, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Johann Beaudreuil, Jean Marie Coudreuse, Christelle N Guyen, Philippe Deat, Aurore Chabaud, Bruno Pereira, Alain Lorenzo, Frédéric Sailhan, François Rannou, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm to help orthosis prescription for knee osteoarthritis patients. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Systematic review of the literature using a qualitative analysis on Pubmed databases, Cochrane Library and Pedro from 1966 to 2015, using the keywords "knee osteoarthritis", "orthosis" with recommendations and highest quality trials. Development of a preliminary version of the algorithm using data from the literature and taking into account experience of different health professionals involved in the management of osteoarthritis patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Bryan M Saltzman, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Daniel D Bohl, Brian J Cole, Bernard R Bach, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: There has been increased emphasis in orthopaedics on high-quality prospective research to provide evidence-based treatment guidelines, particularly in sports medicine/shoulder surgery. The external validity of these studies has not been established, and the generalizability of the results to clinical practice in the United States is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: Comparison of patient demographics in major prospective studies of arthroscopic sports and shoulder surgeries to patients undergoing the same procedures in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database will show substantial differences to question the generalizability and external validity of those studies...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Simon Maretti Tornbjerg, Nis Nissen, Martin Englund, Uffe Jørgensen, Jeppe Schjerning, L Stefan Lohmander, Jonas Bloch Thorlund
BACKGROUND: The relationship between meniscal tears and other joint pathologies with patient-reported symptoms is not clear. We investigated associations between structural knee pathologies identified at surgery with preoperative knee pain and function in patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscal surgery. METHODS: This study included 443 patients from the Knee Arthroscopy Cohort Southern Denmark (KACS), a prospective cohort following patients 18 years or older undergoing arthroscopic meniscal surgery at 4 hospitals between 1 February 2013 and 31 January 2014...
September 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, J O'Donnell, R Agricola, T Awan, M Beck, J C Clohisy, H P Dijkstra, E Falvey, M Gimpel, R S Hinman, P Hölmich, A Kassarjian, H D Martin, R Martin, R C Mather, M J Philippon, M P Reiman, A Takla, K Thorborg, S Walker, A Weir, K L Bennell
The 2016 Warwick Agreement on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome was convened to build an international, multidisciplinary consensus on the diagnosis and management of patients with FAI syndrome. 22 panel members and 1 patient from 9 countries and 5 different specialties participated in a 1-day consensus meeting on 29 June 2016. Prior to the meeting, 6 questions were agreed on, and recent relevant systematic reviews and seminal literature were circulated. Panel members gave presentations on the topics of the agreed questions at Sports Hip 2016, an open meeting held in the UK on 27-29 June...
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael Day, M Phil, Richard A McCormack, Samir Nayyar, Laith Jazrawi
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography offers a fast and inexpensive method to evaluate the rotator cuff in the office setting. However, the accuracy of ultrasound is highly user dependent. The purpose of this study is to investigate the learning curve of an orthopaedic surgeon in using ultrasound to diagnose rotator cuff tears. METHODS: A sports medicine fellowship trained orthopaedic surgeon was taught how to perform and interpret an ultrasound examination of the shoulder by a musculoskeletal radiologist...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
J Kay, M Memon, D de Sa, A Duong, N Simunovic, G S Athwal, O R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the five-year publication rate of papers presented at both the open and closed American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons' (ASES) annual meetings from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: Online abstracts of the presentations at the open and closed ASES annual meetings were independently screened for clinical studies and graded for quality using level of evidence. The databases PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid (MEDLINE), and EMBASE were comprehensively searched for full-text publications corresponding to these presentations and any paper published within five years of the presentation date was counted...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Yiqin Zhou, James H-C Wang
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) has been widely used in orthopaedic surgery and sport medicine to treat tendon injuries. However, the efficacy of PRP treatment for tendinopathy is controversial. This paper focuses on reviewing the basic science studies on PRP performed under well-controlled conditions. Both in vitro and in vivo studies describe PRP's anabolic and anti-inflammatory effects on tendons. While some clinical trials support these findings, others refute them. In this review, we discuss the effectiveness of PRP to treat tendon injuries with evidence presented in basic science studies and the potential reasons for the controversial results in clinical trials...
2016: BioMed Research International
B Antony, J B Driban, L L Price, G H Lo, R J Ward, M Nevitt, J Lynch, C B Eaton, C Ding, T E McAlindon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of different types of meniscal pathology with knee pain, bone marrow lesion (BML) volume, and end-stage knee osteoarthritis (esKOA). DESIGN: Participants were selected from an ancillary project to the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) who had at least one knee with symptomatic osteoarthritis. Baseline magnetic resonance images (MRI) were evaluated for meniscal pathology using a modified International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery, and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (ISAKOS) classification system...
August 15, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
James H-C Wang, Issei Komatsu
Millions of people suffer from tendon injuries in both occupational and athletic settings. However, the restoration of normal structure and function to injured tendons still remains as one of the greatest challenges in orthopaedics and sports medicine. In recent years, a remarkable advancement in tendon research field has been the discovery of tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSCs). Unlike tenocytes, the predominant resident cell in tendons, TSCs have the ability to self-renew and multi-differentiate. Because of these distinct properties, TSCs may play a critical role in tendon physiology as well as pathology such as tendinopathy, which is a prevalent chronic tendon injury...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Katherine H Carruthers, Martin Skie, Margaret Jain
CONTEXT: Jam injuries of the finger are frequently encountered in general orthopaedic and sports medicine practice. The finger joints in particular are very susceptible to traumatic injury, but in the absence of severe deformity, digital trauma is often downplayed in the hopes of a more rapid return to game play. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Articles published from 1966 to 2015 were reviewed to capture historical and current views on the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of jam injuries in athletes...
September 2016: Sports Health
Pietro Spennacchio, Alberto Vascellari, Davide Cucchi, Gian Luigi Canata, Pietro Randelli
The optimal treatment and the best rehabilitation protocol after an acute Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) remain a matter of controversy in orthopaedic and sports medicine. The use of validated injury-specific outcome instruments is the only way to clarify these issues, in order to ensure that patients receive the best possible treatment. This article describes the most commonly reported outcome measures used to assess patients treated for ATR. On the basis of the available evidence, the Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is the most appropriate outcome measure for evaluating the management of acute ATR...
January 2016: Joints
Ryan M Degen, Christopher L Camp, Brian C Werner, David M Dines, Joshua S Dines
BACKGROUND: Shoulder instability is a common entity requiring surgical stabilization. Although arthroscopic soft-tissue stabilization has been the most common surgical treatment, increased attention is now being paid to Latarjet coracoid transfers and bone-block augmentation, particularly with glenoid bone loss. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the current status of arthroscopic soft-tissue stabilization and bone-block augmentation stabilization techniques among newly trained orthopaedic surgeons in the United States...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Kevin J Choo, Paul H Yi, Robert Burns, Rohith Mohan, Kevin Wong
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have demonstrated discrepancies in financial conflict of interest (COI) disclosure among authors presenting research at multiple spine and sports medicine conferences. The purpose of this study was to quantify the variability of self-reported financial disclosures of individual authors presenting at multiple arthroplasty conferences during the same year. METHODS: The author disclosure information published for the 2012 annual meetings of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons, the Hip Society, and the Knee Society were compiled...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Issei Komatsu, James H-C Wang, Kiyotaka Iwasaki, Tatsuya Shimizu, Teruo Okano
UNLABELLED: Tissue-engineering approaches have a great potential to improve the treatment of tendon injuries that affect millions of people. The present study tested the hypothesis that introduction of a tendon derived stem/progenitor cell (TSC) sheet accelerates tendon healing and tendon regeneration in a rat model. TSC sheets were produced on temperature-responsive culture dishes. Then, they were grafted on unwounded Achilles tendons and at sites of a 3mm of Achilles tendon defect. At 2 and 4weeks after implantation tendons were examined by histology, immunohistochemistry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and mechanical testing...
September 15, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Joseph Nguyen, Robert Marx, Chisa Hidaka, Sean Wilson, Stephen Lyman
PURPOSE: Knee-specific patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are important tools in evaluating the effectiveness of sports medicine interventions. The PROMs were originally developed for paper administration, but electronic data capture technologies offer potential benefits such as increased efficiency and accuracy. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of touch screen versus paper administration using several common knee-specific and general health surveys. METHODS: Agreement between scores was compared for knee-specific PROMs administered on paper versus computer; paper versus tablet; computer versus tablet in 60 patients per group undergoing ACL reconstruction...
June 17, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Lauren McIntyre, Marijeanne Liederbach
Despite recent improvements in their concussion knowledge, athletes still demonstrate risky concussion behaviors (e.g., playing while concussed or not reporting a concussion). Little has been published about dancers' concussion knowledge and behaviors, but research in dance contending with questions about injury in general has found that dancers often avoid physician consults and ignore the signs of injury. In the present study, an IRB approved anonymous online survey, it was hypothesized that dancers would demonstrate concussion knowledge deficits, fail to report concussions, and have difficulty adhering to management guidelines...
2016: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Eric T Greenberg, Hayley Rintel Queller
The patient was a 20-year-old female ultimate frisbee player who felt a "pop" in her left foot with resultant pain and bruising along the plantar aspect of her midfoot. She was seen by an orthopaedic physician, who ordered standard radiographs that were found to be unremarkable. Although initial non-weight-bearing films were normal, these findings do not rule out tarsometatarsal joint injury. Following presentation to physical therapy 4 months after the initial injury, the patient was referred to a sports medicine physician...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Kristina L Dunn, Kenneth C Lam, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
UNLABELLED: Reference: Ramski DE, Kanj WW, Franklin CC, Baldwin KD, Ganley TJ. Anterior cruciate ligament tears in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of nonoperative versus operative treatment. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(11):2769-2776. Clinical Questions: In pediatric patients, does early operative treatment of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury result in decreased knee instability compared with delayed or nonoperative treatment? DATA SOURCES: This review focused on the PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE databases...
May 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
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