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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772188/hamstring-and-ankle-flexibility-deficits-are-weak-risk-factors-for-hamstring-injury-in-professional-soccer-players-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-438-players-including-78-injuries
#1
Nicol van Dyk, Abdulaziz Farooq, Roald Bahr, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain a significant injury burden in sports such as soccer that involve high-speed running. It has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury in elite male soccer, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence of hamstring injuries remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to prevent hamstring injuries. Stretching to improve flexibility is commonly used in elite-level sports, but risk factor studies have reported contradicting results, leading to unclear conclusions regarding flexibility as a risk factor for hamstring injuries...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750318/return-to-play-after-patellar-stabilization
#2
REVIEW
Seth L Sherman, Daniel P Deasis, Andrew J Garrone, Elliott E Voss, Harvey A Oliver
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the existing literature regarding return to play (RTP) and return to prior performance (RPP) following patellar stabilization surgery. It will also discuss suggested guidelines regarding RTP, and finally, to encourage future patellofemoral instability research to report and publish results of RTP rates using standardized RTP guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a lack of validation and universal adoption of standardized RTP guidelines...
May 10, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731951/advanced-computational-methods-in-bio-mechanics
#3
REVIEW
Waleed M S Al Qahtani, Mohamed I El-Anwar
A novel partnership between surgeons and machines, made possible by advances in computing and engineering technology, could overcome many of the limitations of traditional surgery. By extending surgeons' ability to plan and carry out surgical interventions more accurately and with fewer traumas, computer-integrated surgery (CIS) systems could help to improve clinical outcomes and the efficiency of healthcare delivery. CIS systems could have a similar impact on surgery to that long since realised in computer-integrated manufacturing...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729754/editorial-commentary-outcomes-reporting-in-value-based-care-it-s-complicated
#4
EDITORIAL
Nikhil N Verma
Patient-reported outcomes have received increasing attention as a tool to measure physician performance and value in health care. Lack of standardization, cost, and patient compliance remain significant barriers to the widespread acceptance of patient-reported outcomes in orthopaedic sports medicine.
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694677/interseason-variability-in-isokinetic-strength-and-poor-correlation-with-nordic-hamstring-eccentric-strength-in-football-players
#5
Nicol van Dyk, Erik Witvrouw, Roald Bahr
INTRODUCTION: In elite sport, the use of strength testing to establish muscle function and performance is common. Traditionally, isokinetic strength tests have been used, measuring torque during concentric and eccentric muscle action. A device that measures eccentric hamstring muscle strength while performing the Nordic hamstring exercise is now also frequently used. The study aims to investigate the variability of isokinetic muscle strength over time, e.g. between seasons, and the relationship between isokinetic testing and the new Nordic hamstring exercise device...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662915/patient-perspectives-of-midlevel-providers-in-orthopaedic-sports-medicine
#6
Blaine T Manning, Daniel D Bohl, Charles P Hannon, Michael L Redondo, David R Christian, Brian Forsythe, Shane J Nho, Bernard R Bach
Background: Midlevel providers (eg, nurse practitioners and physician assistants) have been integrated into orthopaedic systems of care in response to the increasing demand for musculoskeletal care. Few studies have examined patient perspectives toward midlevel providers in orthopaedic sports medicine. Purpose: To identify perspectives of orthopaedic sports medicine patients regarding midlevel providers, including optimal scope of practice, reimbursement equity with physicians, and importance of the physician's midlevel provider to patients when initially selecting a physician...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657471/arthroscopic-knotless-rotator-cuff-repair-factors-associated-with-construct-selection-and-recent-trends-from-a-manual-review-of-1617-cases
#7
Sarav S Shah, Aalok Shah, Vivek Chadayammuri, Marlena McGill, Nicole Wei, David V Tuckman, Nicholas A Sgaglione
Purpose: Our aim was to identify predictors of construct selection and recent trends for arthroscopic knotless rotator cuff repair (RCR). Methods: A manual review of 1617 operative reports was performed. Results: A medium-sized tear had a threefold increase in odds of single row (SR) knotless repair (OR, 6.91; p = 0.009) versus SR knotted (OR, 3.05; p = 0.003). Generalist orthopaedic surgeons were 79% less likely to perform SR knotless repairs versus sports medicine trained specialists (p < 0...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657459/stress-radiographs-for-evaluating-acromioclavicular-joint-separations-in-an-active-duty-patient-population-what-have-we-learned
#8
K Aaron Shaw, John Synovec, Josef Eichinger, Christopher J Tucker, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada
Introduction: Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation is a common entity in athletic patient populations. The surgical treatment of these injuries varies based upon extent of injury, with numerous imaging modalities recommended to differentiate injury severity and treatment options. The use of weighted stress radiographs is controversial in the diagnostic evaluation of AC separation with previous consensus recommending against their use. No study to date has investigated the clinical utilization of diagnostic studies in the evaluation of AC joint separations in a military surgeon population...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622248/editorial-commentary-we-promis%C3%A2-one-more-patient-reported-outcome-questionnaire
#9
EDITORIAL
Peter D Fabricant
The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a set of powerful computer adaptive patient-reported outcome tools that have the ability to evaluate physical, mental, and social health measures in adults and children. It has recently been implemented for a variety of musculoskeletal conditions, but the psychometric properties of the scores in the setting of orthopaedic sports medicine and arthroscopy are incompletely explored. Determining normative data and responsiveness in cohorts of interest is vital if these measures are to be used to track patient-reported outcomes postoperatively...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594177/2018-international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries
#10
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen F Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Mininder S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Mike McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas G H Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin P Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
In October 2017, the International Olympic Committee hosted an international expert group of physical therapists and orthopaedic surgeons who specialize in treating and researching pediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The purpose of this meeting was to provide a comprehensive, evidence-informed summary to support the clinician and help children with ACL injury and their parents/guardians make the best possible decisions. Representatives from the following societies attended: American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine; European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society; European Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, and Arthroscopy; International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine; Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America; and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Artroscopia, Rodilla, y Deporte...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574547/hip-capsular-thickness-correlates-with-range-of-motion-limitations-in-femoroacetabular-impingement
#11
Kailai Zhang, Darren de Sa, Hang Yu, Hema Nalini Choudur, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi Rolland Ayeni
PURPOSE: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a clinical entity of the hip causing derangements in range of motion, pain, gait, and function. Computer-assisted modeling and clinical studies suggest that patients with FAI have increased capsular thickness compared to those without.A retrospective chart review was performed to assess relationships between capsular thickness, hip range of motion, and demographic factors in patients with FAI. METHODS: Local Research Ethics Board approval was obtained to extract electronic medical records for 188 patients at a single institution who had undergone hip arthroscopy...
March 24, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557872/increasing-industry-support-is-associated-with-higher-research-productivity-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#12
Venkat Boddapati, Ridhi Sachdev, Michael C Fu, Christopher L Camp, Robert G Marx, Joshua S Dines
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgeons receive a disproportionately small share of funding from the National Institutes of Health, but they receive the largest amount of funding from industry sources. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between payments from industry partners and research productivity among orthopaedic research authors, as well as to identify predictors of high research productivity. METHODS: United States-based physicians who published an article in 2016 in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery or The American Journal of Sports Medicine were included in this study...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554460/reporting-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-preparation-protocols-and-composition-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-orthopaedic-literature
#13
Patrick G Robinson, Iain R Murray, Christopher C West, Ewan B Goudie, Li Y Yong, Timothy O White, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are increasingly being used in the treatment of a wide variety of sports-related conditions. Despite this enthusiasm, the biological properties of MSCs and their effects on musculoskeletal tissue healing remain poorly understood. MSC-based strategies encompass cell populations with heterogeneous phenotypes isolated from multiple tissues and using different methods. Therefore, comprehensive reporting of the source, preparation methods, and characteristics of MSC strategies is essential to enable interpretation of results...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536023/male-sex-decreased-activity-level-and-higher-bmi-associated-with-lower-completion-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-acl-reconstruction
#14
Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, Philip Locker, Annabelle Davey, Kevin C Wang, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole
Background: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys have become increasingly important in both improving patient care and assessing outcomes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate which variables are associated with compliance with completing PRO surveys in patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The authors hypothesized that older patient age and longer time since ACLR would be associated with lower completion rates of PRO surveys preoperatively and at postoperative time points...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490400/trends-in-knee-articular-cartilage-treatments-an-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery-database-study
#15
Kyle John Hancock, Robert R Westermann, Alan Gregory Shamrock, Kyle R Duchman, Brian R Wolf, Annunziato Amendola
This study aims to evaluate the trends in treatment of knee articular cartilage lesions over the past decade using data obtained from the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II database. The ABOS Part II database was queried from 2004 to 2013 for chondroplasty, microfracture, and osteochondral grafting procedures. All cases were analyzed for patient age and operating surgeon's fellowship training status. Univariate analysis including chi-square test for categorical variables and Student's t -test for continuous variables was performed to determine if any significant changes in practice patterns were present...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480885/what-is-the-relationship-of-fear-avoidance-to-physical-function-and-pain-intensity-in-injured-athletes
#16
Stefan F Fischerauer, Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Rens Bexkens, David C Ring, Luke S Oh, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Fear avoidance can play a prominent role in maladaptive responses to an injury. In injured athletes, such pain-related fear or fear avoidance behavior may have a substantial influence on the recovery process. Specifically, it may explain why some are able to reach their preinjury abilities, whereas others are unable to return to sport. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is fear avoidance in athletes associated with decreased physical function after injury? (2) To what degree is fear avoidance associated with athletes' pain intensity? METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we recruited injured athletes-defined as patients with sports-related injury, weekly engagement in sport activities, participation in competitive events as part of a team or club, self-identification as an athlete, and a desire to return to sport after recovery-from an orthopaedic sports medicine center at a major urban university hospital...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480883/do-injured-adolescent-athletes-and-their-parents-agree-on-the-athletes-level-of-psychologic-and-physical-functioning
#17
Jacobien H F Oosterhoff, Rens Bexkens, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Luke S Oh
BACKGROUND: Although a parent's perception of his or her child's physical and emotional functioning may influence the course of the child's medical care, including access to care and decisions regarding treatment options, no studies have investigated whether the perceptions of a parent are concordant with that of an adolescent diagnosed with a sports-related orthopaedic injury. Identifying and understanding the potential discordance in coping and emotional distress within the athlete adolescent-parent dyads are important, because this discordance may have negative effects on adolescents' well-being...
April 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478021/2018-international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-paediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries
#18
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ranum Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen F Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Minider S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Michael McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
In October 2017, the International Olympic Committee hosted an international expert group of physiotherapists and orthopaedic surgeons who specialise in treating and researching paediatric ACL injuries. Representatives from the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, European Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery & Arthroscopy, International Society of Arthroscopy Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Artroscopia, Rodilla y Deporte attended...
April 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477607/trends-in-the-surgical-management-of-acromioclavicular-joint-arthritis-among-board-eligible-us-orthopaedic-surgeons
#19
Mark J Amirtharaj, Dean Wang, Michael H McGraw, Christopher L Camp, Ryan A Degen, David M Dines, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE: (1) Define the epidemiologic trend of distal clavicle excision (DCE) for acromioclavicular (AC) joint arthritis among board-eligible orthopaedic surgeons in the United States, (2) describe the rates and types of reported complications of open and arthroscopic DCE, and (3) evaluate the effect of fellowship training on preferred technique and reported complication rates. METHODS: The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) database was used to identify DCE cases submitted by ABOS Part II Board Certification examination candidates...
February 21, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455243/2018-international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-paediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries
#20
REVIEW
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Mininder S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Mike McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
In October 2017, the International Olympic Committee hosted an international expert group of physiotherapists and orthopaedic surgeons who specialise in treating and researching paediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Representatives from the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, European Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy, International Society of Arthroscopy Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Artroscopia, Rodilla y Deporte attended...
April 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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