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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352539/income-inequality-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-and-a-scoping-review-of-mechanisms
#1
Vikram Patel, Jonathan K Burns, Monisha Dhingra, Leslie Tarver, Brandon A Kohrt, Crick Lund
Most countries have witnessed a dramatic increase of income inequality in the past three decades. This paper addresses the question of whether income inequality is associated with the population prevalence of depression and, if so, the potential mechanisms and pathways which may explain this association. Our systematic review included 26 studies, mostly from high-income countries. Nearly two-thirds of all studies and five out of six longitudinal studies reported a statistically significant positive relationship between income inequality and risk of depression; only one study reported a statistically significant negative relationship...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348261/complement-receptor-c5ar1-plays-an-evolutionarily-conserved-role-in-successful-cardiac-regeneration
#2
Niranjana Natarajan, Yamen Abbas, Donald M Bryant, Juan Manuel Gonzalez-Rosa, Michka Sharpe, Aysu Uygur, Lucas H Cocco-Delgado, Nhi Ngoc Ho, Norma P Gerard, Craig J Gerard, Calum A Macrae, Caroline E Burns, C Geoffrey Burns, Jessica L Whited, Richard T Lee
Background -Defining conserved molecular pathways in animal models of successful cardiac regeneration could yield insight into why adult mammals have inadequate cardiac regeneration after injury. Insight into the transcriptomic landscape of early cardiac regeneration from model organisms will shed light on evolutionarily conserved pathways in successful cardiac regeneration. Methods -Here we describe a cross-species transcriptomic screen in three model organisms for cardiac regeneration -axolotl, neonatal mice and zebrafish...
January 18, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347978/uninvestigated-dyspepsia-and-associated-factors-of-patients-with-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-dessie-referral-hospital-northeast-ethiopia
#3
Abdurahaman Seid, Zemenu Tamir, Wondmagegn Demsiss
BACKGROUND: Dyspepsia is a common problem in the community and clinical practice with symptom(s) considered arising from the gastroduodenal region. Dyspepsia burden and associated factors vary from country to country. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia (UD) using Rome III criteria, associated risk factors and self-reported dyspepsia symptoms' correlation with H. pylori infection. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 318 out patients with gastrointestinal complaints during the period from September 1 to December 30, 2015...
January 18, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347709/interaction-of-a-planar-reacting-shock-wave-with-an-isotropic-turbulent-vorticity-field
#4
César Huete, Tai Jin, Daniel Martínez-Ruiz, Kun Luo
Linear interaction analysis (LIA) is employed to investigate the interaction of reactive and nonreactive shock waves with isotropic vortical turbulence. The analysis is carried out, through Laplace-transform technique, accounting for long-time effects of vortical disturbances on the burnt-gas flow in the fast-reaction limit, where the reaction-region thickness is significantly small in comparison with the most representative turbulent length scales. Results provided by the opposite slow-reaction limit are also recollected...
November 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346281/a-prototype-sensor-for-in-situ-sensing-of-fine-particulate-matter-and-volatile-organic-compounds
#5
Chee-Loon Ng, Fuu-Ming Kai, Ming-Hui Tee, Nicholas Tan, Harold F Hemond
Air pollution exposure causes seven million deaths per year, according to the World Health Organization. Possessing knowledge of air quality and sources of air pollution is crucial for managing air pollution and providing early warning so that a swift counteractive response can be carried out. An optical prototype sensor (AtmOptic) capable of scattering and absorbance measurements has been developed to target in situ sensing of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). For particulate matter testing, a test chamber was constructed and the emission of PM2...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#6
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337789/multicohort-analysis-of-whole-blood-gene-expression-data-does-not-form-a-robust-diagnostic-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#7
Timothy E Sweeney, Neal J Thomas, Judie A Howrylak, Hector R Wong, Angela J Rogers, Purvesh Khatri
OBJECTIVES: To identify a novel, generalizable diagnostic for acute respiratory distress syndrome using whole-blood gene expression arrays from multiple acute respiratory distress syndrome cohorts of varying etiologies. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search for human whole-blood gene expression arrays of acute respiratory distress syndrome in National Institutes of Health Gene Expression Omnibus and ArrayExpress. We also included the Glue Grant gene expression cohorts...
February 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337558/spatial-isolation-of-conformational-isomers-of-hydroquinone-and-its-water-cluster-using-the-stark-deflector
#8
Hyun Sik You, Junggil Kim, Songhee Han, Doo-Sik Ahn, Jean Sun Lim, Sang Kyu Kim
Conformational isomers of hydroquinone and their 1:1 clusters with water have been spatially separated using the Stark deflector in the supersonic jet. Trans-hydroquinone (HyQ) conformer with zero dipole moment is little influenced by inhomogeneous electric fields whereas cis-conformer with nonzero dipole moment (2.38 D) is significantly deflected from the molecular beam axis into the direction along which the strong field gradient is applied. Resonant two photon ionization carried out by shifting the laser position perpendicular to the molecular beam axis after the Stark deflector then gives an exclusive S1-S0 excitation spectrum of the cis-conformer only, making possible immaculate conformer-specific spectroscopy and dynamics...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336231/a-new-and-universal-classification-system-of-skin-substitutes-inspired-by-factorial-design
#9
Evan Davison-Kotler, Vaibhav Sharma, Norbert Kang, Elena García-Gareta
The complexity of the dermal layer of skin means that damage to this section can result in permanent impairment of function. Partial or total dermal loss is a feature of deep burns and chronic wounds such as pressure sores or diabetic ulcers. The issues posed by traditional skin grafts have led to substantial research being carried out in the fields of tissue engineering and biomaterials science to develop a vast array of alternative skin substitutes. Given the large number of different materials, manufacturing methods, and techniques for implementation described for artificial skin substitutes, many classification systems have been created to simplify their categorization...
January 16, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333820/osteomyelitis-in-burn-children-ten-years-of-experience
#10
María T Rosanova, Carla Voto, Susana Carnovale, Nidia Tramonti, Jimena Lema, José L Pinheiro, Adela Isasmendi, Verónica Alvarez, Rosa M Villasboas, Santiago Laborde, Hugo Basílico
INTRODUCTION: Osteomyelitis is uncommon among burn patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, microbiological, and evolutionary characteristics of burn children with osteomyelitis hospitalized in a tertiary care facility. METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive study conducted between January 2007 and January 2017. RESULTS: Out of 600 burn children, 12 developed osteomyelitis (incidence: 2%). Eleven patients had a burn caused by direct fire...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331893/ambient-volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-in-communities-of-the-athabasca-oil-sands-region-sources-and-screening-health-risk-assessment
#11
Md Aynul Bari, Warren B Kindzierski
An investigation of ambient levels and sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and associated public health risks was carried out at two northern Alberta oil sands communities (Fort McKay and Fort McMurray located < 25 km and >30 km from oil sands development, respectively) for the period January 2010-March 2015. Levels of total detected VOCs were comparatively similar at both communities (Fort McKay: geometric mean = 22.8 μg/m3, interquartile range, IQR = 13.8-41 μg/m3); (Fort McMurray: geometric mean = 23...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331006/outbreak-of-extensively-drug-resistant-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-in-burn-unit
#12
Usman Ali, Shahid Ahmad Abbasi, Fatima Kaleem, Irum Aftab, Tariq Butt
Stenotrophomonas maltophiliais an emerging cause of nosocomial infections. We report an outbreak of XDR-Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection from burn unit of a tertiary care hospital in July 2016. The strain isolated was resistant to all antimicrobials tested but colistin. Outbreak investigation was carried out which subsided after timely intervention. Patients were treated adequately by Colistin.
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330602/ecosystem-carbon-emissions-from-2015-forest-fires-in-interior-alaska
#13
Christopher Potter
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2015, hundreds of wildfires burned across the state of Alaska, and consumed more than 1.6 million ha of boreal forest and wetlands in the Yukon-Koyukuk region. Mapping of 113 large wildfires using Landsat satellite images from before and after 2015 indicated that nearly 60% of this area was burned at moderate-to-high severity levels. Field measurements near the town of Tanana on the Yukon River were carried out in July of 2017 in both unburned and 2015 burned forested areas (nearly adjacent to one-another) to visually verify locations of different Landsat burn severity classes (low, moderate, or high; LBS, MBS, HBS)...
January 8, 2018: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330232/interventions-must-be-realistic-to-be-useful-and-completed-in-family-medicine
#14
EDITORIAL
Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen, Anne Victoria Neale
Being realistic while helping our patients is this issue's theme. Given the volume of tasks required in family medicine, recommendations for improvements in direct care or care measurement cannot just be evidence-based but must also be realistic. On the list of realistic: ordering antipsychotics for symptoms of dementia in the elderly, despite recommendations to not do so; ordering antidepressants without fear that the patient could develop hypertension; mental health care providers in primary care offices; forced choice for opioid management; plus agenda setting for visit efficiency...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319815/chemical-analysis-and-simulated-pyrolysis-of-tobacco-heating-system-2-2-compared-to-conventional-cigarettes
#15
Xiangyu Li, Yanbo Luo, Xingyi Jiang, Hongfei Zhang, Fengpeng Zhu, Shaodong Hu, Hongwei Hou, Qingyuan Hu, Yongqiang Pang
Introduction: Tobacco Heating System 2.2 (THS 2.2, marketed as iQOS), is a heat-not-burn (HNB) tobacco product that has been successfully introduced to global markets. Despite its expanding market, few independent and systematic researches into THS 2.2 have been carried out to date. Methods: We tested a comprehensive list of total particulate matter (TPM), water, tar, nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerin, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, aromatic amines, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia, N-nitrosamines, phenol, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon under both ISO and HCI regimes...
January 8, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313408/in-honor-of-jurgen-ruesch-remembering-his-work-in-psychiatry
#16
Francisco Balbuena Rivera
BACKGROUND: In a highly technical civilization like ours, in which the interest in human communication transcends academic barriers and clinical practice, it seems necessary to look back to Ruesch's work in psychiatry. The main reason of it rests upon the idea that he was one of the few truly outstanding clinicians, researchers, and theoretical in the field of normal and abnormal communication. In fact, he did not only present a wealth of observational and clinical data; more importantly, he used these data to formulate creative hypotheses about the conflict between man and other human beings...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309471/weakness-with-left-elbow-flexion-%C3%A2-left-anterior-shoulder-pain-%C3%A2-dx
#17
James Keeling, Morteza Khodaee
A 41-year-old, right-hand dominant man sought care at our facility one day after trying to pull his boat out of the water. He'd tried to lift the boat with his hands while his forearms were fully supinated and his elbows were flexed to about 90 degrees. He then felt a sharp burning sensation in his left anterior shoulder and was unable to lift the boat. The patient denied feeling a popping sensation at the time of the injury. He had mild pain at night, but was able to sleep. He said that he had mild diminished strength with elbow flexion, but denied having any numbness, tingling, or discoloration of his skin...
January 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308937/management-of-reticular-oral-lichen-planus-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome-like-oral-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#18
Daniela Adamo, Michele Davide Mignogna, Giuseppe Pecoraro, Massimo Aria, Giulio Fortuna
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the efficacy of psychotropic drug in the management of BMS-like oral symptoms in patients with reticular oral lichen planus (R-OLP) refractory to conventional therapies, and its impact on anxious and depressive symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 28 cases of symptomatic R-OLP. The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), the Total Pain Rating Index (T-PRI), the Hamilton rating scales for Depression (HAM-D) and Anxiety (HAM-A) were performed at baseline (time 0), after 2 months of topical clonazepam (time 1) and after six months of benzodiazepine and antidepressant drugs (time 2)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307061/characterization-of-atmospheric-emission-sources-in-lichen-from-metal-and-organic-contaminant-patterns
#19
Aude Ratier, Julien Dron, Gautier Revenko, Annabelle Austruy, Charles-Enzo Dauphin, Florence Chaspoul, Emmanuel Wafo
Lichen samples from contrasted environments, influenced by various anthropic activities, were investigated focusing on the contaminant signatures according to the atmospheric exposure typologies. Most of the contaminant concentrations measured in the 27 lichen samples, collected around the industrial harbor of Fos-sur-Mer (France), were moderate in rural and urban environments, and reached extreme levels in industrial areas and neighboring cities (Al up to 6567 mg kg-1, Fe 42,398 mg kg-1, or ΣPAH 1417 μg kg-1 for example)...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306693/the-iraqi-national-study-of-suicide-report-on-suicide-data-in-iraq-in-2015-and-2016
#20
Mohammed J Abbas, Nesif Alhemiary, Emad Abdul Razaq, Shakir Naosh, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 18) provinces in Iraq. A data collection form was designed by the researchers. The forms were completed by police stations in the 13 provinces. Data were extracted from the legal investigation (which include police investigation, family reports and postmortem reports) of cases of when there was no clear cause of death and where there was final verdict of suicide made by judge after examining these reports...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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