keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mind and Life Institute

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846466/profile-of-the-general-surgery-resident-what-are-the-changes-in-the-21-st-century
#1
Samir Rasslan, Mariana Sousa Arakaki, Roberto Rasslan, Edivaldo Massazo Utiyama
OBJECTIVE: to verify the profile of the General Surgery residents of the Clinics Hospital (HC) of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo (FMUSP). METHODS: we evaluated the residents approved in the public contest for the Medical Residency Program in General Surgery of HC-FMUSP in the years 2014, 2015 and 2016. We carried out the study by applying a questionnaire and gathering information from the Medical Residency Commission of the Institution. We analyzed data on identification, origin of the candidate, undergraduate school, surgical teaching received, reason for choosing Surgery, residency expectations, choice of future specialty and pretensions as to the end of medical residency...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599850/how-is-stress-reduced-by-a-workplace-mindfulness-intervention-a-qualitative-study-conceptualising-experiences-of-change
#2
Siobhan Hugh-Jones, Sally Rose, Gina Z Koutsopoulou, Ruth Simms-Ellis
Mindfulness-based interventions are effective as curative and preventative approaches to psychological health. However, the mechanisms by which outcomes are secured from such interventions when delivered in the workplace, and to a stressed workforce, are not well understood. The aim of the present study was to elicit and analyse accounts from past participants of a workplace mindfulness intervention in order to generate a preliminary model of how positive benefits appear to be secured. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were completed with 21 employees of a higher education institution who had completed an eight-week intervention based on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, adapted for the workplace...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566842/what-is-the-evidence-from-past-national-institute-of-health-and-care-excellence-single-technology-appraisals-regarding-company-submissions-with-base-case-incremental-cost-effectiveness-ratios-of-less-than-%C3%A2-10-000-qaly
#3
Christopher Carroll, Rachel Houten, Angela Boland, Eva Kaltenthaler, Rumona Dickson
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence has recently proposed that company submissions with a base-case incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of less than £10,000/quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) might be eligible for a "fast-track" appraisal. OBJECTIVES: To explore outcomes relating to previously conducted single-technology appraisals (STAs) with base-case ICERs of less than £10,000/QALY. METHODS: All STAs with published guidance from 2009 to 2016 were included; those with company base-case ICERs of less than £10,000/QALY were identified and analyzed...
March 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497391/a-model-to-predict-psychological-and-health-related-adjustment-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-the-role-of-post-traumatic-growth-physical-post-traumatic-growth-resilience-and-mindfulness
#4
Deirdre M J Walsh, Todd G Morrison, Ronan J Conway, Eamonn Rogers, Francis J Sullivan, AnnMarie Groarke
Background: Post traumatic growth (PTG) can be defined as positive change following a traumatic event. The current conceptualization of PTG encompasses five main dimensions, however, there is no dimension which accounts for the distinct effect of a physical trauma on PTG. The purpose of the present research was to test the role of PTG, physical post traumatic growth (PPTG), resilience and mindfulness in predicting psychological and health related adjustment. Method: Ethical approval was obtained from relevant institutional ethics committees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362209/evaluation-of-an-mhealth-app-destressify-on-university-students-mental-health-pilot-trial
#5
Rebecca Anne Lee, Mary Elizabeth Jung
BACKGROUND: One in five Canadians experience mental health issues with those in the age range of 15 to 24 years being most at risk of a mood disorder. University students have shown significantly higher rates of mental health problems than the general public. Current university support services are limited by factors such as available staff and finances, and social stigma has frequently been identified as an additional barrier that prevents students from accessing these resources. Mobile health (mHealth) apps are one form of alternative health support that is discrete and accessible to students, and although they are recognized as a promising alternative, there is limited research demonstrating their efficacy...
January 23, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166308/an-evaluation-of-the-choice-for-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-and-patient-concerns-about-recurrence-in-a-reconstructed-cohort
#6
Ian C Sando, Jessica I Billig, Shoshana W Ambani, Casey T Kraft, Kelley M Kidwell, Lin Zhong, Kevin C Chung, Adeyiza O Momoh
BACKGROUND: Rising contralateral prophylactic mastectomy rates are a subject of national concern. This study assessed (1) factors critical to patients when deciding on contralateral prophylactic mastectomy and (2) patients' quality of life related to concerns about recurrence after unilateral or bilateral breast reconstruction. METHODS: Patients with stage 0 to III breast cancer who underwent unilateral mastectomy or contralateral prophylactic mastectomy and breast reconstruction at a single institution between 2000 and 2012 were identified...
April 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019076/starting-a-medical-technology-venture-as-a-young-academic-innovator-or-student-entrepreneur
#7
REVIEW
Amir Manbachi, Katlin Kreamer-Tonin, Philipp Walch, Nao J Gamo, Parastoo Khoshakhlagh, Yu Shrike Zhang, Charles Montague, Soumyadipta Acharya, Elizabeth A Logsdon, Robert H Allen, Nicholas J Durr, Mark G Luciano, Nicholas Theodore, Henry Brem, Youseph Yazdi
Following the footprints of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg, there has been a misconception that students are better off quitting their studies to bring to life their ideas, create jobs and monetize their inventions. Having historically transitioned from manpower to mind power, we live in one of the most rapidly changing times in human history. As a result, academic institutions that are supposed to be pioneers and educators of the next generations have started to realize that they need to adapt to a new system, and change their policies to be more flexible towards patent ownership and commercialization...
January 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#8
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739892/evolutionary-neuroscience-of-cumulative-culture
#9
Dietrich Stout, Erin E Hecht
Culture suffuses all aspects of human life. It shapes our minds and bodies and has provided a cumulative inheritance of knowledge, skills, institutions, and artifacts that allows us to truly stand on the shoulders of giants. No other species approaches the extent, diversity, and complexity of human culture, but we remain unsure how this came to be. The very uniqueness of human culture is both a puzzle and a problem. It is puzzling as to why more species have not adopted this manifestly beneficial strategy and problematic because the comparative methods of evolutionary biology are ill suited to explain unique events...
July 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720203/the-personal-and-professional-face-of-the-basque-urologist-jos%C3%A3-juli%C3%A3-n-guim%C3%A3-n-rezola-1898-1980
#10
J C Angulo
OBJECTIVE: To understand certain outstanding aspects of the life of the Basque surgeon and urologist Julián Guimón Rezola. His personal and bibliographic documentary legacy helps reconstruct his works and personal character. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed the written works of Julián Guimón Rezola and a collection of documents, letters, photographs, illustrations and objects from his personal and professional life, accessed through his family. We analysed the content of the author's main publications and related the documents to historic facts...
April 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697569/relationships-of-dietary-patterns-foods-and-micro-and-macronutrients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-late-life-cognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Carlo Custodero, Madia Lozupone, Bruno P Imbimbo, Vincenzo Valiani, Pasquale Agosti, Andrea Schilardi, Alessia D'Introno, Maddalena La Montagna, Mariapaola Calvani, Vito Guerra, Rodolfo Sardone, Daniela I Abbrescia, Antonello Bellomo, Antonio Greco, Antonio Daniele, Davide Seripa, Giancarlo Logroscino, Carlo Sabbá, Francesco Panza
In the last decade, the association between diet and cognitive function or dementia has been largely investigated. In the present article, we systematically reviewed observational studies published in the last three years (2014-2016) on the relationship among dietary factors and late-life cognitive disorders at different levels of investigation (i.e., dietary patterns, foods and food-groups, and dietary micro- and macronutrients), and possible underlying mechanisms of the proposed associations. From the reviewed evidence, the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association guidelines for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cognitive decline due to AD pathology introduced some evidence suggesting a direct relation between diet and changes in the brain structure and activity...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688789/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-2017
#12
Alison Whitehead, Susan Gould Fogerite
Wieland LS, Skoetz N, Pilkington K, Vempati R, D׳Adamo CR, Berman BM. Yoga treatment for chronic non-specific low back pain.Cochrane Database Syst Rev2017, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD010671. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010671.pub2. BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain...
July 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658807/effect-of-yoga-on-psychological-functioning-of-nursing-students-a-randomized-wait-list-control-trial
#13
Monali Devaraj Mathad, Balaram Pradhan, Rajesh K Sasidharan
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students experience considerable amount of stress to meet their professional demands. Yoga is an effective practice to reduce stress and improve psychological well being. However, improvement in psychological well being aids in stress management. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of eight week yoga intervention on psychological functioning of nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomised Wait List Control (WLC) trial, we recruited total 100 students from Kempegowda Institute of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India and randomized them into two groups (yoga=50 and WLC=50 students)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620733/management-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-newborn-paradigm-shift-and-ethical-issues
#14
Sushmita Nitin Bhatnagar, Yogesh Kumar Sarin
Management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) begins soon after it is detected, whether antenatally or postnatally. Assessment of the severity of the condition, associated congenital anomalies, maternal health and related issues, weight of the fetus/baby, mode of delivery, timing of delivery, immediate appropriate management of the baby with CDH at birth, appropriate utilization of available treatment modalities as well as infrastructure of the treating institute have an impact on the outcome of the neonate...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616689/the-reality-of-scientific-research-in-latin-america-an-insider-s-perspective
#15
Daniel R Ciocca, Gabriela Delgado
There is tremendous disparity in scientific productivity among nations, particularly so in Latin America. At first sight, this could be linked to the relative economic health of the different countries of the region, but even large and relatively rich Latin American countries do not produce a good level of science. Although Latin America has increased the number of its scientists and research institutions in recent years, the gap between developed countries and Latin American countries is startling. The prime importance of science and technology to the development of a nation remains unacknowledged...
June 14, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584930/the-reality-of-scientific-research-in-latin-america-an-insider-s-perspective
#16
Daniel R Ciocca, Gabriela Delgado
There is tremendous disparity in scientific productivity among nations, particularly in Latin America. At first sight, this could be linked to the relative economic health of the different countries of the region, but even large and relatively rich Latin American countries do not produce a good level of science. Although Latin America has increased the number of its scientists and research institutions in recent years, the gap between developed countries and Latin American countries is startling. The prime importance of science and technology to the development of a nation remains unacknowledged...
November 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580164/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-programme-for-depression-in-people-with-early-stages-of-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#17
Elisa Aguirre, Josh Stott, Georgina Charlesworth, Deirdre Noone, Jacob Payne, Mina Patel, Aimee Spector
BACKGROUND: Depression and dementia are major public health problems in the UK. Depression in early-stage dementia is very common and significantly reduces quality of life, speeds cognitive decline and increases functional impairment. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is an effective depression prevention programme, and the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) has suggested that MBCT is a priority for implementation. Alongside this, there is emerging evidence demonstrating promising results in relation to the benefits of adapted mindfulness interventions for people with dementia, suggesting that it could be beneficial in reducing depressive symptoms and in slowing deterioration in cognitive functions such as sustained attention, distraction inhibition and task switching...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576567/developing-a-data-sharing-community-for-spinal-cord-injury-research
#18
REVIEW
Alison Callahan, Kim D Anderson, Michael S Beattie, John L Bixby, Adam R Ferguson, Karim Fouad, Lyn B Jakeman, Jessica L Nielson, Phillip G Popovich, Jan M Schwab, Vance P Lemmon
The rapid growth in data sharing presents new opportunities across the spectrum of biomedical research. Global efforts are underway to develop practical guidance for implementation of data sharing and open data resources. These include the recent recommendation of 'FAIR Data Principles', which assert that if data is to have broad scientific value, then digital representations of that data should be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR). The spinal cord injury (SCI) research field has a long history of collaborative initiatives that include sharing of preclinical research models and outcome measures...
September 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561649/mastering-resilience-in-oncology-learn-to-thrive-in-the-face-of-burnout
#19
REVIEW
Fay J Hlubocky, Miko Rose, Ronald M Epstein
Oncology clinician burnout has become a noteworthy issue in medical oncology directly affecting the quality of patient care, patient satisfaction, and overall organizational success. Due to the increasing demands on clinical time, productivity, and the evolving medical landscape, the oncology clinician is at significant risk for burnout. Long hours in direct care with seriously ill patients/families, limited control over daily responsibilities, and endless electronic documentation, place considerable professional and personal demands on the oncologist...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536893/neurologic-recovery-after-cardiac-arrest-a-multifaceted-puzzle-requiring-comprehensive-coordinated-care
#20
REVIEW
Carolina B Maciel, Mary M Barden, David M Greer
Surviving cardiac arrest (CA) requires a longitudinal approach with multiple levels of responsibility, including fostering a culture of action by increasing public awareness and training, optimization of resuscitation measures including frequent updates of guidelines and their timely implementation into practice, and optimization of post-CA care. This clearly goes beyond resuscitation and targeted temperature management. Brain-directed physiologic goals should dictate the post-CA management, as accumulating evidence suggests that the degree of hypoxic brain injury is the main determinant of survival, regardless of the etiology of arrest...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
keyword
keyword
12344
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"