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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096620/epidural-analgesia-in-cattle-buffalo-and-camels
#1
REVIEW
Zuhair Bani Ismail
Epidural analgesia is commonly used in large animals. It is an easy, cheap, and effective technique used to prevent or control pain during surgeries involving the tail, anus, vulva, perineum, caudal udder, scrotum, and upper hind limbs. The objectives of this article were to comprehensively review and summarize all scientific data available in the literature on new techniques and drugs or drug combinations used for epidural anesthesia in cattle, camel, and buffalo. Only articles published between 2006 and 2016 were included in the review...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079922/iga-tracheobronchial-deposits-underlie-respiratory-compromise-in-neonatal-linear-iga-bullous-dermatosis
#2
A Diociaiuti, G Zambruno, F Diomedi Camassei, G Di Zenzo, I Capolupo, F Stoppa, V Forziati, M El Hachem
The childhood variant of linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is characterized by blistering lesions of the perineum and perioral area with an annular or "rosette-like" arrangement, in addition to the pathognomonic linear IgA deposits along the cutaneous basement membrane zone (BMZ).(1) The disease mainly occurs in preschool children.(1) However, a handful of neonatal cases have been described, most of them presenting with severe mucosal involvement.(2-8) We report an additional case of neonatal LABD with life-threatening respiratory tract manifestations...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058001/primary-tuberculosis-of-urethra-presenting-as-stricture-urethra-and-watering-can-perineum-a-rarity
#3
Gaurav Prakash, Vishwajeet Singh, Rahul Janak Sinha, Suresh Babu, Ankur Jhanwar, C N Mehrotra
A young man presented with irritative lower urinary tract symptoms and multiple fistulae (watering can) in the perineum since 6 months. Micturating cystourethrogram and retrograde urethrogram was performed after 12 weeks following suprapubic cystostomy which showed bulbar urethral stricture with multiple urethrocutaneous fistulae. He underwent anastomotic urethroplasty and excision of the urethrocutaneous fistulae. Histopathology of the excised fistulous tract showed granulomatous pathology suggestive of tuberculosis...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050669/usa300-a-strain-of-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-crossing-belgium-s-borders-outbreak-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-a-hospital-in-belgium
#4
K Kaïret, E Ho, D Van Kerkhoven, J Boes, S Van Calenbergh, L Pattyn, P Lemay
OBJECTIVE: to investigate an outbreak of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) USA300 in a hospital setting, and the effect of infection control measures. DESIGN: outbreak investigation and retrospective chart review. SETTING: local inpatient and outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: all patients with a history of skin and soft tissue infections with culture-confirmed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA 300 infection from September, 2014, through June, 2015...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048861/su-g-jep1-09-evaluation-of-transperineal-ultrasound-imaging-as-a-potential-solution-for-target-tracking-during-ablative-body-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#5
M Najafi, B Han, D Cooper, S Hancock, D Hristov
PURPOSE: Prostate SABR is emerging as a clinically viable, potentially cost effective alternative to prostate IMRT but its adoption is contingent on providing solutions for accurate tracking during beam delivery. Our goal is to evaluate the performance of the Clarity Autoscan ultrasound monitoring system for inter-fractional prostate motion tracking in both phantoms and in-vivo. METHODS: In-vivo evaluation was performed under IRB protocol to allow data collection in prostate patients treated with VMAT whereby prostate was imaged through the acoustic window of the perineum...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046589/tu-h-campus-iep3-04-evaluation-of-changes-in-quantitative-ultrasound-parameters-during-prostate-radiotherapy
#6
M Najafi, A El Kaffas, B Han, D Cooper, S Hancock, D Hristov
PURPOSE: Clarity Autoscan ultrasound monitoring system allows acquisition of raw radiofrequency (RF) ultrasound data prior and during radiotherapy. This enables the computation of 3D Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) tissue parametric maps from. We aim to evaluate whether QUS parameters undergo changes with radiotherapy and thus potentially be used as early predictors and/or markers of treatment response in prostate cancer patients. METHODS: In-vivo evaluation was performed under IRB protocol to allow data collection in prostate patients treated with VMAT whereby prostate was imaged through the acoustic window of the perineum...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043293/-reconstruction-of-perineal-obliteration-deformity-after-extensive-deep-burn-with-ilioinguinal-flap
#7
Y M Shen, C X Ma, F J Qin, C Wang, W L Du, C Zhang
Objective: To explore the effect of ilioinguinal flap on reconstruction of perineal obliteration deformity after extensive deep burn. Methods: Five patients with perineal obliteration deformity after extensive deep burn were hospitalized from January 2010 to June 2015, with total burn area ranging from 35% to 55% total body surface area, depth of full-thickness burn and wound deep to bone, and course of scar from 6 months to 3 years. Scars of patients were involved in bilateral groins, inner thighs, monsveneris, sacrococcygeal region, and central area of perineum...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998313/embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-perineum-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#8
Sidy Ka, Freddy Gnangnon, Mamadou Moustapha Dieng, Doudou Diouf, Jaafar Thiam, Pape Macoumba Gaye, Ahmadou Dem
BACKGROUND: We report the case of an adult patient with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the perineum admitted to our practice at Joliot Curie Institute in Dakar. It is a rare tumor at this age and has a bad prognosis at this localization. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 22-year-old African man admitted for a perineal mass that had evolved over 6 months. He complained of tenesmus, obstinate constipation, and dysuria. A clinical examination revealed perineal swelling spread over his anus, scrotum, penis, testicles, and inguinal lymph nodes...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981794/reproductive-tract-histology-in-south-american-fur-seal-pups-arctophoca-australis
#9
Helena Katz, Olle Johansson
In the present study, a detailed histological description of the female reproductive tract of South American fur seal (Arctophoca australis) pups has been conducted. The uterine tube was covered by cuboidal to columnar epithelium; nerve fibers were present in the mesosalpinx and beneath the muscular layer. The uterus was bipartitus; the endometrial surface of the horns was lined by a simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium with deep tubular glands; caudally ("the transition area"), the epithelium changed to pseudostratified columnar, few tubular glands were present and the myometrium increased in width...
December 16, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974982/a-case-report-of-aggressive-angiomyxoma-in-pregnancy-do-hormones-play-a-role
#10
Theofano Orfanelli, Chi-Son Kim, Sally F Vitez, James Van Gurp, Neeti Misra
Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare, locally invasive tumor that generally affects the perineum and pelvis of reproductive age females. Aggressive angiomyxoma is often misdiagnosed, resulting in the delay of the treatment. Case reports show increased growth of the tumor during pregnancy, thus suggesting a hormonal dependency. We report this rare condition in a 29-year-old primigravid female with a growing mass on the right labium majus at 20 weeks' gestation. The patient also developed a smaller mass on the left labium majus at 37 weeks' gestation...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974964/aggressive-angiomyxoma-of-the-pelvis-and-perineum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Rashid Saif Al-Umairi, Atheel Kamona, Fadhila Mohammed Al-Busaidi
Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a rare mesenchymal tumor that usually occurs in the pelvis and perineum of young females. AA can simulate Bartholin's gland cyst, abscess, lipoma, simple labial cyst, or other pelvic soft tissue tumors. Cross-sectional imaging, particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), plays an essential role in the diagnosis and management of AA. We report a case of AA in a 38-year-old woman with typical MRI features. We also present the findings of a literature review on the radiological features of this disease...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965132/low-volume-vs-high-volume-centers-and-management-of-fournier-s-gangrene-in-washington-state
#12
Nathan Osbun, Lindsay A Hampson, Sarah K Holt, John L Gore, Hunter Wessells, Bryan B Voelzke
BACKGROUND: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a life-threatening infection affecting the perineum and genitals. Complex patient management often necessitates transfer to tertiary centers. We aimed to characterize hospital transfer patterns and assess morbidity among patients with FG in Washington State. STUDY DESIGN: The Washington State Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting System includes claims from all hospital discharges in Washington. We identified patients with FG in 2007-2013 based on diagnosis and treatment codes...
December 10, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958629/prosthetic-materials-for-treating-posterior-vaginal-wall-prolapse-and-rectocele-own-experience
#13
Honorata Stadnik, Tomasz Maciej Kościński
OBJECTIVES: This report describes results of posterior vaginal wall prolapse and rectocele treatment performing tension free reconstruction method with polypropylene mesh implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In years 2001 to 20015, 71 female patients in age of 42-82 years were surgically treated. Besides difficult emptying they complained of feeling of heaviness in the pelvis (38%) and dyspareunia (16.9%). Defecography and magnetic resonance proved the presence of rectocele in 84...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958393/a-contemporary-update-on-fournier-s-gangrene
#14
REVIEW
Judith C Hagedorn, Hunter Wessells
Despite advances in the evaluation, treatment, and pathophysiological understanding of necrotizing soft-tissue infections, Fournier's gangrene remains a life-threatening urological emergency. Although the condition can affect patients of any age and gender, it might be more prevalent in some high-risk groups with certain comorbidities. Several prognostic and diagnostic tools have been developed to assist with clinical decision-making once the diagnosis is made - primarily based on the physician's physical exam and potentially supported by laboratory and imaging findings...
December 13, 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908999/draft-genome-sequence-of-a-multiresistant-bovine-isolate-of-staphylococcus-lentus-from-tanzania
#15
Jeremiah Seni, Stephen E Mshana, Felician Msigwa, Mecky Matee, Humphrey Mazigo, Julian Parkhill, Mark A Holmes, Gavin K Paterson
We report here the draft genome sequence of a Staphylococcus lentus isolate, 050AP, collected in Tanzania from a swab of healthy bovine perineum. The draft genome sequence contained 2.72 Mbp and 2,750 coding sequences with a G+C content of 31.7%.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896481/high-perineal-and-overall-frequency-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-people-who-inject-drugs-compared-to-non-injectors
#16
Disa Dahlman, Farnaz Jalalvand, Marianne Alanko Blomé, Anders Håkansson, Håkan Janson, Susanne Quick, Anna C Nilsson
To investigate the prevalence, distribution, and colonization burden of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and MRSA in different body sites among people who inject drugs (PWID) and compare it to a control group consisting of non-injectors. In this cross-sectional survey, 49 active PWID from the needle exchange program (NEP) in Malmö, Sweden, and 60 non-injecting controls from an emergency psychiatric inpatient ward at Malmö Addiction Centre were tested for S. aureus (including MRSA) by culture, PCR, and MALDI-TOF...
February 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894571/pre-expanded-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap
#17
REVIEW
Sharon E Monsivais, Nicholas D Webster, Stacy Wong, Michel H Saint-Cyr
The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap can be used to cover large defects of the proximal lower extremity, abdominal wall, perineum, vulva, and buttock. Pre-expanding DIEP flaps cause a possible delay phenomenon improving vascularity, decrease donor site morbidity, and increase the area that can be covered. Pre-expansion requires staged procedures, has risk of extrusion and infection, causes temporary contour deformity during the expansion process, and requires a longer course. Pre-expanded DIEP flaps can be a useful flap with proper patient selection and planning...
January 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885482/traveling-through-the-perineum-s-to-the-discovery-of-an-old-world
#18
Michele Rubbini
INTRODUCTION: The migration of large numbers of people and refugees induces various fears in their receiving countries; the arrival of potential terrorists, and, among others, the negative impact that their need for health care can have on the sustainability of health services. In this sense, migrants are considered by many a threat. METHOD: In this brief "letter narrative", based on the experience gained in the treatment of various diseases of the perineum, I mean to suggest that the perineal disorders, especially in women, is common event, shared by women of different ethnicity, culture, and religion...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884439/genetic-parameters-for-tick-count-and-udder-health-in-commercial-and-indigenous-ewes-in-south-africa
#19
S W P Cloete, J J E Cloete, A J Scholtz
The genetics of tick infestation in sheep need study, as host resistance often forms part of integrated pest control programs. Repeated udder health scores, site-specific tick count, mating weight and reproduction records (N=879-1204) were recorded annually from 2010 to 2015 on ewes of the indigenous Namaqua Afrikaner (NA) fat-tailed breed, as well as the commercial Dorper and SA Mutton Merino (SAMM) breeds. Udders were scored subjectively on a 1-5 scale (1 - udder intact and 5 - udder damaged severely) and ticks were counted on three locations...
October 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882762/-the-possibility-of-antepartal-prevention-of-episiotomy-and-perineal-tears-during-delivery
#20
P Bohatá, L Dostálek
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of antepartal methods on the prevention of birth injuries in primiparous women. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Nemocnice Český Krumlov, a.s. METHODS: Between February 2014 and November 2015 were 315 primiparous women questioned after a vaginal delivery on the use of methods of birth injury prevention (vaginal dilatators EPI-NO and Aniball, perineal massage, natural methods - raspberry-leaf tea or linseed)...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
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