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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922462/vaginal-mesh-repair-systems-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-anatomical-study-comparing-transobturator-trangluteal-versus-single-incision-techniques
#1
Giuseppe Campagna, Giovanni Panico, Andrea Morciano, Pierre Gadonneix, Vincent Delmas, Mauro Cervigni, Alfredo Ercoli, Giovanni Scambia
INTRODUCTION: The present study aim to compare the anatomic landmarks of two pelvic floor repair systems, in order to identify the potential neurovascular lesions related to different mesh fixation techniques. METHODS: Abdominal and perineal dissections of 10 fresh cadavers after prolapse surgery using transobturator/transgluteal versus single incision techniques. Neuro-vascular structures of obturator region and perineum were isolated. Distances between needles and anatomical structures were measured...
September 18, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914702/digitation-to-void-what-is-the-significance-of-this-symptom
#2
Ismael Ortega, Nishamini Subramaniam, Talia Friedman, Friyan Turel, Hans Peter Dietz
OBJECTIVE: Digitation to void is defined as the need to apply manual pressure on the perineum or the vagina to assist with voiding. It has been associated with prolapse; however, there is little objective data concerning this symptom. Our aim was to determine the correlation between digitation to void, symptoms and signs of pelvic organ prolapse (POP), and urodynamic data. METHODS: This was a retrospective study that included a total of 1174 patients seen at a tertiary urogynecological unit...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885415/interactive-pelvic-anatomy-model-a-tool-for-teaching-basic-pelvic-anatomy
#3
Polina Advolodkina, E Britton Chahine
BACKGROUND: A knowledge deficit of pelvic anatomy has been noted in obstetrics and gynecology residents. In this article, we introduce an innovative anatomic model that uses readily accessible and reusable materials to simulate and teach anatomic relationships in the female pelvis. INSTRUMENT: Our anatomic model is a reusable and cost-effective modification of an existing pelvic model. We used felt fabric pieces with hook-and-loop fasteners to simulate the pelvic floor, perineum, and surrounding musculature as they attach to corresponding sites on a standard bony pelvis...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868663/coping-and-help-seeking-behaviors-for-management-of-urinary-incontinence
#4
Dilek Bilgic, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji, Ayfer Ozbas, Ikbal Cavdar, Ergul Aslan, Onay Yalcin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the coping strategies and help-seeking behaviors of women and men with urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: In cross-sectional study, 156 women and 106 men Turkish with UI were interviewed using a questionnaire covering 29 questions. RESULTS: It was determined that 50.6% of women and 34.0% of men seek help in first for treatment of UI. Forty eight percent of men consulted a physician in the first 6 months after the UI occurred, 44...
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856426/genital-lichen-sclerosus-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-retrospective-case-series-of-15-patients-early-diagnosis-is-crucial-to-avoid-long-term-sequelae
#5
Ioannis Nerantzoulis, Themistoklis Grigoriadis, Lina Michala
Lichen sclerosus is a chronic skin disease, mainly localised at the introitus and perineum. When the condition remains untreated, gradual atrophy of skin structures leads to permanent scarring, making early diagnosis and treatment crucial. We reviewed all patients diagnosed with lichen sclerosus presenting to a tertiary referral centre for paediatric and adolescent gynaecology between January 2011 and December 2015 to assess disease presentation and response to treatment. We identified 15 cases, with a mean age at diagnosis of 8...
August 30, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843819/eradication-of-mrsa-throat-carriage-a-randomized-trial-comparing-topical-treatment-with-rifampicin-based-systemic-therapy
#6
Anna-Karin Lindgren, Anna C Nilsson, Per Åkesson, Eva Gustafsson, Eva Melander
OBJECTIVES: Eradication of MRSA colonization may prevent transmission of strains between patients and reduces the risk of clinical infection. Colonization of the throat is associated with prolonged carriage and is more difficult to eradicate. METHODS: An open randomized study was conducted to evaluate two eradication protocols. Patients with pharyngeal carriage of MRSA were enrolled at six Swedish centers during four years. One treatment group received oral rifampicin and clindamycin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for seven days, in combination with nasal mupirocin...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840291/augmented-pressure-distal-colostogram-the-most-important-diagnostic-tool-for-planning-definitive-surgical-repair-of-anorectal-malformations-in-boys
#7
Steven J Kraus, Marc A Levitt, Alberto Peña
There is little current literature on the augmented-pressure distal colostogram, the single most important diagnostic study performed in boys with imperforate anus prior to definitive repair. Accurate understanding of the anatomy of the anorectal malformation including an associated fistulous communication between the rectum and the urogenital tract is essential for optimal surgical management. Specifically, the position of the rectal pouch and recto-urinary fistula relative to posterior sagittal structures of the perineum, especially the sacral spine, dictates the operative approach...
August 24, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835612/reorganization-of-mammalian-body-wall-patterning-with-cloacal-septation
#8
Margaret I Hall, José R Rodriguez-Sosa, Jeffrey H Plochocki
Septation of the cloaca is a unique mammalian adaptation that required a novel reorganization of the perineum-the caudal portion of the trunk body wall not associated with the hindlimb. Fish, the basal vertebrates, separate ventrolateral body wall musculature of the trunk into two discrete layers, while most tetrapods expand this pattern in the thorax and abdomen into four. Mammals, the only vertebrate group to divide the cloaca into urogenital and anorectal portions, exhibit complex muscle morphology in the perineum...
August 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831707/aggressive-angiomyxoma-of-the-liver-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Koki Sato, Masahiro Ohira, Seiichi Shimizu, Shintarou Kuroda, Kentaro Ide, Kohei Ishiyama, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Tahara, Noriyuki Shiroma, Koji Arihiro, Michio Imamura, Kazuaki Chayama, Hideki Ohdan
BACKGROUND: Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is a rare mesenchymal tumor that occurs almost exclusively in the soft tissue of the pelvis and perineum. AAM has both locally infiltrative and recurrent characteristics. Very few cases of AAM occurring outside of the pelvis and perineum have been reported. Here, we report a case of AAM originating in the liver of a 33-year-old female patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old woman underwent S8 subsegmentectomy after clinical diagnosis of a mucinous cystic neoplasm of the liver...
August 23, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813712/management-of-the-perineum-during-delivery-with-the-kiwi-omnicup-effects-of-mediolateral-episiotomy-on-anal-sphincter-tears-in-nulliparous-women
#10
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Andreas Käfer, Peter Husslein, Klaus Bodner
AIM: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association of mediolateral episiotomy with severe perineal trauma during Kiwi omnicup vacuum delivery. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed all Kiwi omnicup vacuum deliveries between 2010 and 2015 in nulliparous women. Secondary outcomes of interest included frequency of genital tract trauma, outcome of Kiwi extraction and influence on neonatal parameters. RESULTS: A total of 572 nulliparous women who were delivered with the aid of vacuum were analyzed...
August 17, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813560/prevalence-of-pubic-hair-grooming-related-injuries-and-identification-of-high-risk-individuals-in-the-united-states
#11
Matthew D Truesdale, E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Molly A Elmer-DeWitt, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Isabel Allen, Benjamin N Breyer
Importance: Pubic hair grooming is a common practice that can lead to injury and morbidity. Objective: To identify demographic and behavioral risk factors associated with pubic hair grooming-related injuries to characterize individuals with high risk of injury and develop recommendations for safe grooming practices. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study conducted a national survey of noninstitutionalized US adults (aged 18-65 years)...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800671/-outcomes-of-planned-out-of-hospital-and-low-risk-hospital-births-in-lower-saxony
#12
Antje Petersen, Lea-Marie Köhler, Christiane Schwarz, Bernhard Vaske, Mechthild M Gross
Introduction Internationally, there is debate on the safety of different birth settings inside and outside of hospitals. Low-risk women in Germany can choose where they give birth, and out-of-hospital births are especially necessary in regions lacking infrastructure. To date, national studies are required. Materials and Methods We investigated planned out-of-hospital (OH) and hospital births in Lower Saxony, Germany, in 2005. Women with a singleton fetus in the vertex position were included once they reached 34+0 gestational weeks...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755966/characteristics-of-idiopathic-urethral-strictures-a-link-to-remote-perineal-trauma
#13
Boyd R Viers, Travis J Pagliara, Charles A Rew, Lauren Folgosa Cooley, Christine Y Shiang, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the physical features and reconstructive outcomes of a series of idiopathic urethral stricture (IUS) cases in an effort to elucidate the nature of this common, yet poorly understood entity. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our urethroplasty database to identify men undergoing initial urethral reconstruction from 2007-2014 at one of three hospitals (N=514). Patients were stratified by stricture etiology including IUS, acute trauma, iatrogenic, hypospadias, balanitis xerotica obliterans, and radiation...
July 26, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740847/fournier-s-gangrene-lessons-learned-from-multimodal-and-multidisciplinary-management-of-perineal-necrotizing-fasciitis
#14
Orestis Ioannidis, Loukiani Kitsikosta, Dimitris Tatsis, Ioannis Skandalos, Aggeliki Cheva, Aikaterini Gkioti, Ioannis Varnalidis, Savvas Symeonidis, Natalia Antigoni Savvala, Styliani Parpoudi, George K Paraskevas, Manousos George Pramateftakis, Efstathios Kotidis, Ioannis Mantzoros, Konstantinos George Tsalis
BACKGROUND: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rapidly evolving necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum and the genital area, the scrotum as it most commonly affects man in the vast majority of cases. It is polymicrobial in origin, due to the synergistic action of anaerobes and aerobes and has a very high mortality. There are many predisposing factors including diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, immunosuppression, renal, and hepatic disease. The prognosis of the disease depends on a lot of factors including but not limited to patient age, disease extent, and comorbidities...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728315/defecographic-findings-in-patients-with-severe-idiopathic-chronic-constipation
#15
Rahmatollah Rafiei, Azadeh Bayat, Masoud Taheri, Zahra Torabi, Lotfollah Fooladi, Saideh Husaini
Background/Aims: Chronic constipation is a common gastrointestinal disorder diagnosed using Rome III criteria. Defecography is a radiographic method used to identify anatomic abnormalities of anorectum. The present study aimed to evaluate the defecographic findings in patients with severe idiopathic chronic constipation. Methods: One hundred patients, who complained of severe idiopathic chronic constipation with abnormal balloon expulsion test, underwent defecography after injection of barium...
July 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727697/a-villous-adenoma-of-bladder-urachus-origin-located-in-the-perineum
#16
Calum Fraser, Frank Frizelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727387/focal-cryotherapy-step-by-step-technique-description
#17
Cristina Redondo, Victor Srougi, José Batista da Costa, Mohammed Baghdad, Guillermo Velilla, Igor Nunes-Silva, Sebastien Bergerat, Silvia Garcia-Barreras, François Rozet, Alexandre Ingels, Marc Galiano, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Eric Barret, Xavier Cathelineau
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Focal cryotherapy emerged as an efficient option to treat favorable and localized prostate cancer (PCa). The purpose of this video is to describe the procedure step by step. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the case of a 68 year-old man with localized PCa in the anterior aspect of the prostate. RESULTS: The procedure is performed under general anesthesia, with the patient in lithotomy position. Briefly, the equipament utilized includes the cryotherapy console coupled with an ultrasound system, argon and helium gas bottles, cryoprobes, temperature probes and an urethral warming catheter...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725596/utility-of-trigger-point-injection-as-an-adjunct-to-physical-therapy-in-men-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#18
Nicholas N Tadros, Anup B Shah, Daniel A Shoskes
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is often associated with pelvic floor muscle spasm. While pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) is effective, some men are unable to resolve their symptoms and have residual trigger points (TPs). TP injection has been used for treatment in several neuromuscular pain syndromes. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy and side effects of TP injection in men with CP/CPPS and pelvic floor spasm refractory to PT...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711430/implementation-of-a-national-bundle-care-program-to-reduce-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-high-risk-units-of-hospitals-in-taiwan
#19
Chih-Cheng Lai, Chun-Ming Lee, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Ching-Tzu Hung, Ying-Chun Chen, Li-Hsiang Su, Zhi-Yuan Shi, Jein-Wei Liu, Chang-Pan Liu, Min-Chi Lu, Yin-Ching Chuang, Wen-Chien Ko, Shu-Hui Tseng, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was intended to investigate the impact of implementation of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI) bundle care on the incidence of CA-UTI in high-risk units. METHODS: Thirteen high-risk units, including medical (n = 5), surgical (n = 3), cardiac intensive care units (n = 2), respiratory care centers (n = 2), and respiratory care ward (n = 1) were included in this quality-improvement project. This study was divided into pre-intervention phase (from January 1 to July 31) and post-intervention phase (from August 1 to October 31) in 2013...
August 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706893/rectal-perforation-by-compressed-air
#20
Young Jin Park
As the use of compressed air in industrial work has increased, so has the risk of associated pneumatic injury from its improper use. However, damage of large intestine caused by compressed air is uncommon. Herein a case of pneumatic rupture of the rectum is described. The patient was admitted to the Emergency Room complaining of abdominal pain and distension. His colleague triggered a compressed air nozzle over his buttock. On arrival, vital signs were stable but physical examination revealed peritoneal irritation and marked distension of the abdomen...
July 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
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