keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perineum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338594/the-association-of-non-accidental-trauma-with-historical-factors-exam-findings-and-diagnostic-testing-during-the-initial-trauma-evaluation
#1
Mauricio A Escobar, Marc Auerbach, Katherine Flynn-O'Brien, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Matthew A Borgman, Susan J Duffy, Kelly Falcone, Rita Burke, John M Cox, Sabine Maguire
Early identification of non-accidental trauma (NAT) is a critical component of pediatric trauma care. Literature searches were conducted related to the association of NAT with seven key areas: history, exam findings (burns, oral trauma, bruising) and imaging (fractures, abdominal and brain injuries). When available, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations with NAT are presented. Systematic reviews have been published in six of the seven key areas and are described. The operational definition of NAT was widely variable across studies, prohibiting meta-analysis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329588/ustekinumab-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-crohn-s-disease
#2
Rana Abdat, Alina Markova, Francis A Farraye, Michael K Lichtman
Cutaneous Crohn disease (CD) affecting the vulva, perineum, and perianal skin, is a rare entity, which may accompany or precede gastrointestinal CD. Vulvar involvement, if untreated, may ultimately require extensive surgery including vulvectomy to gain control of the disease. Both gastrointestinal and cutaneous CD respond to biologics, which block TNF. In addition, ustekinumab, which targets both IL-12 and IL-23 cytokines, is effective in patients with gastrointestinal CD who fail TNF blockade. However, it is unclear if ustekinumab is effective for cutaneous CD...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327433/sonographic-prediction-of-outcome-of-vacuum-deliveries-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Birgitte H Kahrs, Sana Usman, Tullio Ghi, Aly Youssef, Erik A Torkildsen, Elsa Lindtjørn, Tilde B Østborg, Sigurlaug Benediktsdottir, Lis Brooks, Lotte Harmsen, Pål R Romundstad, Kjell Å Salvesen, Christoph C Lees, Torbjørn M Eggebø
BACKGROUND: Safe management of the second stage of labor is of great importance. Unnecessary interventions should be avoided and correct timing of interventions focused. Ultrasound assessment of fetal position and station has a potential to improve the precision in diagnosing and managing prolonged or arrested labors. The decision to perform vacuum delivery is traditionally based on subjective assessment by digital vaginal examination and clinical expertise and there is currently no method of objectively quantifying the likelihood of successful delivery...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299294/the-effect-of-chamomile-cream-on-episiotomy-pain-in-primiparous-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Maryam Aradmehr, Sedigheh Azhari, Sedigheh Ahmadi, Elham Azmoude
Introduction: Episiotomy is a surgical incision made in the perineum to enlarge it. Perineal pain is the most common complaint of mothers after episiotomy. Chamomile extract has been proposed as a sedative in traditional medicine. This study was conducted to assess the effect of chamomile cream on the pain after episiotomy. Methods: This triple blind clinical trial was performed on 114 eligible women at Ommolbanin Hospital in Mashhad, Iran in 2014.They were randomly assigned to two groups using random blocks...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295403/toward-a-3d-transrectal-ultrasound-system-for-verification-of-needle-placement-during-high-dose-rate-interstitial-gynecologic-brachytherapy
#5
Jessica Robin Rodgers, Kathleen Surry, Eric Leung, David D'Souza, Aaron Fenster
PURPOSE: Treatment for gynecologic cancers, such as cervical, recurrent endometrial, and vaginal malignancies, commonly includes external-beam radiation and brachytherapy. In high-dose-rate (HDR) interstitial gynecologic brachytherapy, radiation treatment is delivered via hollow needles that are typically inserted through a template on the perineum with a cylinder placed in the vagina for stability. Despite the need for precise needle placement to minimize complications and provide optimal treatment, there is no standard intra-operative image-guidance for this procedure...
March 15, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290968/management-of-post-traumatic-rectovesical-rectourethral-fistulas-case-series-of-complicated-injuries-in-wounded-warriors-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Walter B Kucera, James R Jezior, James E Duncan
INTRODUCTION: Penetrating injuries to the pelvis and perineum can result in fistulas between the rectum and lower urinary tract. These injuries are often complicated, which creates challenges for successful repair. Operative strategies may include initial fecal and/or urinary diversion combined with an eventual trans-perineal, trans-anal, or posterior/transrectal approach, but the selected approach should be guided by precise anatomic localization of the injury. We aim to discuss different possible repair strategies as well as the relevant data surrounding gastrointestinal-genitourinary (GI-GU) fistula management...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289755/-necrotizing-fasciitis-of-the-upper-and-lower-extremities
#7
M Kückelhaus, T Hirsch, M Lehnhardt, A Daigeler
Necrotizing fasciitis is a potentially fatal soft tissue infection that may affect the upper and lower extremities, scrotum, perineum and abdominal wall. Typically, the infection demonstrates rapid spreading along the fascial planes leading to sepsis with mortality rates of 15-46%. Without adequate treatment, the mortality rate increases to close to 100%. There are four groups of pathogens that can lead to necrotizing fasciitis, namely beta-hemolytic group A streptococci, mixed infections with obligate and facultative anaerobes, clostridium species and fungal infections...
March 13, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289460/the-evaluation-of-mrsa-surveillance-cultures-by-the-number-and-combinations-of-anatomical-sites
#8
Irena Grmek Kosnik, Alenka Storman, Ziva Petrovic, Slavica Robnik, Urska Dermota, Tjasa Zohar Cretnik
INTRODUCTION: The identification of patients infected and/or colonised by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is necessary for the timely introduction of measures for infection control. We compared the diagnostic efficacy of combinations of MRSA surveillance swabs routinely taken by health institutions in the country. METHODS: All surveillance samples, which were sent for a microbiological analysis to detect MRSA with the culture method in 2014, in the three departments for medical microbiology of the National Laboratory for Health, Environment and Food, were included in this study...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285280/effect-of-delayed-cord-clamping-on-hematocrit-and-thermal-and-hemodynamic-stability-in-preterm-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Niraj Kumar Dipak, Ruchi Nimish Nanavat, Nand Kishore Kabra, Anita Srinivasan, Anitha Ananthan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short term clinical effects of delayed cord clamping in preterm neonates. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary care neonatal unit from October 2013 to September 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 78 mothers with preterm labor between 27 to 316/7 weeks gestation. INTERVENTION: Early cord clamping (10 s), delayed cord clamping (60 s) or delayed cord clamping (60 s) along with intramuscular ergometrine (500 µg) administered to the mother...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272666/cloacogenic-adenocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Merih Tepeoğlu, Halit Üner, A Nihan Haberal, Özlem Özen, Esra Kuşçu
Primary adenocarcinoma of the vulva, unrelated to the native glands of perineum is an extremely rare neoplasm. Despite awareness of this lesion for over 40 years, the origin is not beyond speculation. The most reasonable hypothesis is based on the remnants of cloacal differentiation during early days of life. Here we report the case of a 60-year-old patient with a vulvar mass, who underwent partial vulvectomy and bilateral regional lymph node dissection. The tumor was composed of papillary and complex glandular structures and exhibited diffuse positivity for cytokeratin 20 and polyclonal CEA, CDX2, and focal positivity with cytokeratin 7...
February 4, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265407/massive-perineal-defect-after-radio-chemotherapy
#11
Maddalena Zippi, Sara Ramponi, Carla Narduzzi, Antonio Maria Alberti
Herein, we present a rare complication of radio-chemotherapy. A young man presented with loss of urine from the posterior perineum that showed a massive disappearance. He underwent Hartmann procedure for rectal neoplasia, afterwards treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) (until 67 Gy) and chemotherapy with FOLFOX protocol (Leucoverin calcium, Fluorouracil, Oxaliplatin).
March 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259114/injury-to-perineal-branch-of-pudendal-nerve-in-women-outcome-from-resection-of-the-perineal-branches
#12
Eric L Wan, Andrew T Goldstein, Hillary Tolson, A Lee Dellon
Background This study describes outcomes from a new surgical approach to treat "anterior" pudendal nerve symptoms in women by resecting the perineal branches of the pudendal nerve (PBPN). Methods Sixteen consecutive female patients with pain in the labia, vestibule, and perineum, who had positive diagnostic pudendal nerve blocks from 2012 through 2015, are included. The PBPN were resected and implanted into the obturator internus muscle through a paralabial incision. The mean age at surgery was 49.5 years (standard deviation [SD] = 11...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257914/spontaneous-rupture-into-the-peritoneal-cavity-unusual-presentation-of-prostatic-abscess
#13
Sahbi Naouar, Nidhal Ati, Salem Braiek, Rafik El Kamel
INTRODUCTION: Prostatic abscess is a rare but relatively serious infectious disease; its association with spontaneous rupture is extremely unusual. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of peritonitis secondary to a rupture of prostatic abscess in a 87-year-old man. The diagnosis was made on computed tomography. Emergency laparotomy, transrectal ultrasonography guided aspiration of the residual abscess and antibiotics permitted a full recovery. DISCUSSION: Delay in diagnosis of prostatic abscess can have grave sequelae, including spontaneous rupture into the urethra, perineum, bladder or rectum and the development of septic shock...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225424/committee-opinion-no-689-delivery-of-a-newborn-with-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#14
(no author information available yet)
In 2006, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association published the 2005 guidelines on neonatal resuscitation. Before the 2005 guidelines, management of a newborn with meconium-stained amniotic fluid included suctioning of the oropharynx and nasopharynx on the perineum after the delivery of the head but before the delivery of the shoulders. The 2005 guidelines did not support this practice because routine intrapartum suctioning does not prevent or alter the course of meconium aspiration syndrome in vigorous newborns...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225419/committee-opinion-no-689-summary-delivery-of-a-newborn-with-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#15
(no author information available yet)
In 2006, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association published the 2005 guidelines on neonatal resuscitation. Before the 2005 guidelines, management of a newborn with meconium-stained amniotic fluid included suctioning of the oropharynx and nasopharynx on the perineum after the delivery of the head but before the delivery of the shoulders. The 2005 guidelines did not support this practice because routine intrapartum suctioning does not prevent or alter the course of meconium aspiration syndrome in vigorous newborns...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224127/early-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-for-necrotizing-fasciitis-a-multicenter-study
#16
Evangelos P Misiakos, George Bagias, Iordanis Papadopoulos, Nickolaos Danias, Paul Patapis, Nickolaos Machairas, Theodore Karatzas, Nickolaos Arkadopoulos, Konstantinos Toutouzas, Nickolaos Alexakis, Manousos N Konstantoulakis, George Zografos, Vasilis Smyrniotis, Gregory Kouraklis, Anastasios Machairas
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a group of relatively rare infections, usually caused by two or more pathogens. It affects the skin and subcutaneous tissues of lower and upper limbs, perineal area (Fournier's gangrene), and the abdominal wall. Early diagnosis and aggressive surgical management are of high significance for the management of this potentially lethal disease. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study in patients who presented, during the last decade, at four University Surgical Departments in the area of Athens, Greece, with an admission diagnosis of NF...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223677/-two-cases-of-fournier-s-gangrene-that-occurred-during-chemotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#17
Makoto Koyama, Masato Kitazawa, Takehito Ehara, Yuta Yamamoto, Akira Suzuki, Yusuke Miyagawa, Shinichi Miyagawa
Two cases of Fournier's gangrene occurred during chemotherapy for advanced rectal cancer. Patients were treated using surgical debridement and antibiotic therapy. Case 1: A 66-year-old man had advanced rectal cancer with para-aortic and inguinal lymph node metastases. He received a sigmoid colostomy and chemotherapy(capecitabine, oxaliplatin, bevacizumab). Due to progression of the rectal mass, we performed radiotherapy(30 Gy)and chemotherapy(irinotecan, S-1, bevacizumab). After 14 days, he was hospitalized with a diagnosis of Fournier's gangrene with anal pain and fever...
February 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212132/hydrocarbon-enema-an-unusual-cause-of-chemical-burn
#18
Justin Mygatt, Mustafa Amani, Patrick Ng, Brian Benson, Jeremy Pamplin, Leopoldo Cancio
Hydrocarbons are a wide-ranging group of flammable chemicals and are often used in suicide attempts either by ingestion or as accelerant in self-immolation. In this case study, we present a 37-year-old female who suffered 6% TBSA partial-thickness burns to her perineum and buttocks, which she claims resulted from diarrhea after ingesting a bottle of lighter fluid. The patient underwent decontamination and medical treatment for her burns and during her inpatient stay, it became apparent that the burns were more likely sustained from an intentional rectal administration of lighter fluid...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198041/does-midwife-experience-affect-the-rate-of-severe-perineal-tears
#19
Yossi Mizrachi, Sophia Leytes, Michal Levy, Zvia Hiaev, Shimon Ginath, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study whether midwife experience affects the rate of severe perineal tears (3rd and 4th degree). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all women with term vertex singleton pregnancies, who underwent normal vaginal deliveries, in a single tertiary hospital, between 2011 and 2015, was performed. Exclusion criteria were instrumental deliveries and stillbirth. All midwives used a "hands on" technique for protecting the perineum. The midwife experience at each delivery was calculated as the time interval between her first delivery and current delivery...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197655/prefraction-displacement-and-intrafraction-drift-of-the-prostate-due%C3%A2-to-perineal-ultrasound-probe-pressure
#20
Minglun Li, Nina-Sophie Hegemann, Farkhad Manapov, Anne Kolberg, Patrick Dominik Thum, Ute Ganswindt, Claus Belka, Hendrik Ballhausen
OBJECTIVE: In image-guided EBRT of the prostate, transperineal ultrasound (US) probes exert pressure on the perineum both during planning and treatment. Through tissue deformation and relaxation, this causes target and risk organ displacement and drift. In this study, prefraction shift and intrafraction drift of the prostate are quantified during robotic transperineal 4DUS. METHODS: The position of the prostate was recorded for different positions of the probe before treatment in 10 patients (16 series of measurements)...
February 14, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
keyword
keyword
12341
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"