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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023310/lid-parallel-conjunctival-folds-and-their-ability-to-predict-dry-eye
#1
Heiko Pult, Stefan Bandlitz
PURPOSE: The observation of lid-parallel conjunctival folds (LIPCOF) is reported to be useful in dry eye diagnoses. Around 70% of the European clinicians use this test in a dry eye clinic. This study investigated the sensitivity and specificity of LIPCOF to predict dry eye. METHODS: Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) outcome, noninvasive break-up time (NIKBUT) using the Keratograph (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany), and LIPCOF of 148 randomized selected patient reports (88 females; mean age=37...
October 11, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023237/corneal-tissue-from-dry-eye-donors-leads-to-enhanced-graft-rejection
#2
Takenori Inomata, Jing Hua, Takeshi Nakao, Tina Shiang, Homer Chiang, Afsaneh Amouzegar, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of dry eye disease (DED) in graft donors on dendritic cell (DC) maturation, host T-cell sensitization, and corneal allograft rejection. METHODS: Corneas of control (healthy donor) and DED mice (C57BL/6) were transplanted onto fully allogeneic naive BALB/c recipients (n = 10 mice/group). Long-term allograft survival was evaluated for 8 weeks. Corneas and draining lymph nodes (dLNs) were harvested at posttransplantation day 14 (n = 5 mice/group)...
October 10, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023165/clinical-characteristics-of-ocular-sarcoidosis-a-population-based-study-1976-2013
#3
Patompong Ungprasert, Andrea A Tooley, Cynthia S Crowson, Eric L Matteson, Wendy M Smith
PURPOSE: To characterize the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of ocular involvement in patients with systemic sarcoidosis. METHODS: An inception cohort of patients with systemic sarcoidosis in 1976-2013 in Olmsted County, Minnesota, was identified based on comprehensive individual medical record review. Medical records of those patients were then reviewed for ocular involvement. RESULTS: A total of 345 incident cases of systemic sarcoidosis were identified...
October 12, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022952/ocular-morbidity-among-porters-at-high-altitudes
#4
Subodh Gnyawali, Gauri Shankar Shrestha, Safal Khanal, Talisa Dennis, John C Spencer
INTRODUCTION: High altitude, often characterized by settings over 2400m, can be detrimental to the human body and pose a significant risk to ocular health. Reports concerning various ocular morbidities occurring as a consequence of high altitude are limited in the current literature. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at evaluating the ocular health of porters working at high altitudesof Himalayas in Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile eye clinic was set up in Ghat and patient data were collected from its out- patient unit by a team of seven optometrists which was run for five days...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022291/comparison-of-contact-lens-corrected-quality-of-vision-and-life-of-keratoconus-and-myopic-patients
#5
Sunghoon Lee, Gangwook Jung, Hyung Keun Lee
PURPOSE: To compare and analyze changes in vision quality, subjective symptoms, and psycho-social satisfaction in keratoconus and myopic patients following the wearing of contact lenses. METHODS: This study enrolled 25 keratoconus and 25 myopic patients with corrected vision over 0.8 according to the Snellen chart due to treatment with contact lenses. Patients were surveyed prior to the wearing of contact lenses, and again after three months of contact lens usage with a questionnaire about quality of vision and life...
August 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022123/assessment-of-a-closed-wash-system-developed-for-processing-living-donor-femoral-heads
#6
M J Eagle, J Man, P Rooney, T A McQuillan, G Galea, J N Kearney
NHS Blood and Transplant Tissue and Eye Services (TES) and Scottish National Blood Transfusion Services Tissues and Cells Directorate (TCD) currently bank whole, frozen femoral head bone from living donors who are undergoing primary hip replacement surgery. When required, the bone is issued to a surgeon still frozen on dry ice (- 79 °C). Consequently, the femoral head bone is not processed, is not sterilised and at the time of issue, it contains donor blood, bone marrow and associated cells. We have previously shown that, cut, shaped and washed bone from deceased donors can be processed to remove up to 99...
October 11, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021564/osmoprotectants-carboxymethylcellulose-and-hyaluronic-acid-multi-ingredient-eye-drop-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-moderate-to-severe-dry-eye
#7
M Labetoulle, F Chiambaretta, A Shirlaw, R Leaback, C Baudouin
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/eye.2017.73.
October 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018565/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depression-among-participants-in-the-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-international-collaborative-clinical-alliance-registry
#8
Annie Chou, John A Gonzales, Troy E Daniels, Lindsey A Criswell, Stephen C Shiboski, Caroline H Shiboski
OBJECTIVE: To examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depression among participants in an international Sjögren's syndrome (SS) registry, comparing those with and without SS. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of participants in the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA) registry. The 2016 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism SS classification criteria were used to determine disease status. HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form 12, version 2 Health Survey to derive scores for physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS)...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016457/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-geographic-atrophy
#9
Riccardo Sacconi, Eleonora Corbelli, Adriano Carnevali, Lea Querques, Francesco Bandello, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: To analyze choriocapillaris (CC) vessel density (VD) around geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to non-neovascular dry age-related macular degeneration using optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: We compared CC VD surrounding GA margin (500 μm radius) with control CC (outside GA margin) in a consecutive series of GA patients presenting between August 2016 and February 2017 at the Medical Retina and Imaging Unit of University Vita-Salute, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele in Milan...
October 6, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993732/purinergic-signalling-therapeutic-developments
#10
REVIEW
Geoffrey Burnstock
Purinergic signalling, i.e., the role of nucleotides as extracellular signalling molecules, was proposed in 1972. However, this concept was not well accepted until the early 1990's when receptor subtypes for purines and pyrimidines were cloned and characterised, which includes four subtypes of the P1 (adenosine) receptor, seven subtypes of P2X ion channel receptors and 8 subtypes of the P2Y G protein-coupled receptor. Early studies were largely concerned with the physiology, pharmacology and biochemistry of purinergic signalling...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991514/dacryocystectomy-indications-and-results-at-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-central-saudi-arabia
#11
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Mohammed Dufaileej, Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, Rajiv Khandekar, Silvana A Schellini
PURPOSE: To report indications and success rates of dacryocystectomy (DCT) in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all patients who underwent DCT at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Saudi Arabia, from 2008 to 2015. Data included patient demographics, symptoms before and after surgery, and complications. Univariate analysis using parametric and non-parametric methods was performed. RESULTS: Forty-seven DCT surgeries were performed over the study period...
October 9, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987229/controversies-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-oncology
#12
REVIEW
Jacob G Yetzer
Imaging studies are essential components of tumor diagnosis, staging, assessing tumor response to neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies, and postoperative surveillance on completion of definitive treatment. Treatment of early stage clinically node negative oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma is controversial. Approximately 3% of all head and neck tumors arise within the parotid gland and most often within the superficial lobe, lateral to the facial nerve; about 80% are benign and most are pleomorphic adenoma. In patients with dry eyes failing multiple other treatment modalities and facing ongoing pain and loss of vision, microvascular transplant of the submandibular gland is a viable option...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986625/-opinion-of-the-bva-and-the-dog-on-physical-therapy-of-dry-eye-july-2017-status
#13
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986008/characterisation-of-the-porcine-eyeball-as-an-in-vitro-model-for-dry-eye
#14
Francesco Menduni, Leon N Davies, D Madrid-Costa, Antonio Fratini, James S Wolffsohn
PURPOSE: To characterise the anatomical parameters of the porcine eye for potentially using it as a laboratory model of dry eye. METHODS: Anterior chamber depth and angle, corneal curvature, shortest and longest diameter, endothelial cell density, and pachymetry were measured in sixty freshly enucleated porcine eyeballs. RESULTS: Corneal steepest meridian was 7.85±0.32mm, corneal flattest meridian was 8.28±0.32mm, shortest corneal diameter was 12...
October 3, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985814/tear-osmolarity-and-subjective-dry-eye-symptoms-in-migraine-sufferers
#15
Melody Wong, Mary-Magdalene Dodd, Paul Masiowski, Vikas Sharma
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested an association between dry eye and migraine. In a busy ophthalmologist clinic, quick identification of dry eye in migraine sufferers may improve their quality of life. Tear osmolarity is an objective and reliable tool for diagnosing dry eye. It has not been investigated in any population with migraine. Using tear osmolarity and questionnaires, we aimed to explore the relationship between dry eye and clinical symptoms in patients with migraine...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983894/consecutive-case-series-of-244-age-related-macular-degeneration-patients-undergoing-implantation-with-an-extended-macular-vision-iol
#16
Muhammad A Qureshi, Scott J Robbie, Fritz H Hengerer, Gerd U Auffarth, Ina Conrad-Hengerer, Pablo Artal
PURPOSE: To determine safety and visual outcomes in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) implanted with a novel intraocular lens (IOL) that delivers an optimized retinal image to all macular areas within 10 degrees of retinal eccentricity. METHODS: This was a consecutive case series of 244 eyes with dry/stable wet AMD and logMAR visual acuity ≥0.3 implanted with iolAMD Eyemax monoTM (London Eye Hospital Pharma), a single-piece, injectable, hydrophobic acrylic IOL sited in the capsular bag...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982950/advances-in-dry-eye-imaging-the-present-and-beyond
#17
REVIEW
Tommy C Y Chan, Kelvin H Wan, Kendrick C Shih, Vishal Jhanji
New advances in imaging allow objective measurements for dry eye as well as define new parameters that cannot be measured by clinical assessment alone. A combination of these modalities provides unprecedented information on the static and dynamic properties of the structural and functional parameters in this multifactorial disease. A literature search was conducted to include studies investigating the use of imaging techniques in dry eye disease. This review describes the application of non-invasive tear breakup time, optical coherence tomography, meibomian gland imaging, interferometry, in vivo confocal microscopy, thermography and optical quality assessment for this condition...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980750/computer-vision-syndrome-and-ergonomic-practices-among-undergraduate-university-students
#18
Lizette Mowatt, Carron Gordon, Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Thaon Jones
AIM: To determine the prevalence of computer vision syndrome (CVS) and ergonomic practices among students in the Faculty of Medical Sciences at The University of the West Indies (UWI), Jamaica. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was done with a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Four hundred and nine students participated; 78% were females. The mean age was 21.6 years. Neck pain (75.1%), eye strain (67%), shoulder pain (65.5%) and eye burn (61...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976639/automated-detection-of-foveal-center-in-sd-oct-images-using-the-saliency-of-retinal-thickness-maps
#19
Sijie Niu, Qiang Chen, Luis de Sisternes, Theodore Leng, Daniel L Rubin
PURPOSE: To develop an automated method based on saliency map of the retinal thickness map to determine foveal center in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images. METHODS: This paper proposes an automatic method for the detection of the foveal center in SD-OCT images. Initially, a retinal thickness map is generated by considering the axial distance between the internal limiting membrane (ILM) and the Bruch's membrane (BM). Both the ILM and BM boundaries are automatically segmented by a known retinal segmentation technique...
October 4, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975090/chronic-dietary-oxalate-nephropathy-after-intensive-dietary-weight-loss-regimen
#20
Gebran Khneizer, Ahmad Al-Taee, Meher S Mallick, Bahar Bastani
BACKGROUND: Hyperoxaluria has been associated with nephrolithiasis as well as acute and chronic kidney disease. We present a case of end stage renal failure caused by excessive dietary oxalate intake in a dietary weight loss regimen. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old Caucasian male with the past medical history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, gout, hypertension and morbid obesity was referred to the primary care clinic after being found pale and easily fatigued. The patient had lost 36 kg over a 7-month period by implementing exercise and intense dietary measures that included 6 meals of spinach, kale, berries, and nuts...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
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