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Muhammad Naveed, Jannat BiBi, Asghar Ali Kamboh, Imran Suheryani, Ihsanullah Kakar, Sarfaraz Ali Fazlani, Xia FangFang, Shahmir Ali Kalhoro, Liang Yunjuan, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Ahmed E Noreldin, Shi Zhixiang, Chen LiXia, Zhou XiaoHui
Medicinal plants are essential parts of traditional medicine due to their phytochemical constituents having pharmacological values and therapeutic applications. Black tea have thousands of various biological compounds such as flavonoids (Thearubigins (TRs) and theaflavins (TFs) and catechins), amino acids (L.theanine), vitamins (A, C, K), phenolic acids (caffeic acid (CA), gallic acid (GA), chlorogenic acids (CGA) and cauramic acid), lipids, proteins, volatile compounds carbohydrates, β-carotene and fluoride that illustrated many promising pharmacological effects regarded as growth promoter, cardioprotector, potent cholesterol-lowering effect, antioxidant and antimicrobial, etc inhuman...
February 23, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Wei-Jie Zeng, Zhi Tan, Xing-Fei Lai, Ya-Nan Xu, Chun-Lin Mai, Jun Zhang, Zhen-Jia Lin, Xian-Guo Liu, Shi-Li Sun, Li-Jun Zhou
l-theanine, the most abundant free amino acid in tea, has been documented to possess many different bioactive properties through oral or intragastrical delivery. However, little is known about the effect of topical delivery of l-theanine on acute inflammation. In the present study, by using 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA, 2.5 μg/ear)-induced ear edema model in mice, we first found that single-dose local pretreatment of l-theanine 30 min before TPA time- and dose-dependently suppressed the increases in both skin thickness and weight...
February 16, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Chanaka N Kahathuduwa, Chathurika S Dhanasekara, Shao-Hua Chin, Tyler Davis, Vajira S Weerasinghe, Tharaka L Dassanayake, Martin Binks
Oral intake of l-theanine and caffeine supplements is known to be associated with faster stimulus discrimination, possibly via improving attention to stimuli. We hypothesized that l-theanine and caffeine may be bringing about this beneficial effect by increasing attention-related neural resource allocation to target stimuli and decreasing deviation of neural resources to distractors. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test this hypothesis. Solutions of 200mg of l-theanine, 160mg of caffeine, their combination, or the vehicle (distilled water; placebo) were administered in a randomized 4-way crossover design to 9 healthy adult men...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
Muhammad Saeed, Xu Yatao, Faiz-Ul Hassan, Muhammad Asif Arain, Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Ahmed E Noreldin, Chao Sun
l-theanine is a water-soluble non-proteinous amino acid mainly found in green tea leaves. Despite the availability of abundant literature on green tea, studies on the use of l-theanine as a feed additive in animals, and especially broilers are limited. The objective of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the effect of different dietary levels of l-theanine on meat quality, growth performance, immune response, and blood metabolites in broilers. A total of 400 day-old broiler chicks were randomly divided into four treatment groups using a completely randomized design; C-control, basal diet; 100LT-basal diet + 100 mg l-theanine/kg diet; 200LT-basal diet + 200 mg l-theanine/kg diet; and 300LT-basal diet + 300 mg l-theanine/kg diet...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Cheng-Neng Chen, Kuo-Chi Chang, Mao-Hsien Wang, Hsiang-Chien Tseng, Hung-Sheng Soung
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a severe side effect of chronic neuroleptic treatment consisting of abnormal involuntary movements, characterized by orofacial dyskinesia (OD). Haloperidol (HAL)- induced OD has been widely used as an animal model to study the neuropathophysiology of human tardive dyskinesia (TD) with its pathophysiology strongly associated with striatal oxidative stress. L-Theanine (LT), one of the major amino acid components in green tea, has potent antioxidative effects and is able to protect against various oxidative injuries...
January 29, 2018: Chinese Journal of Physiology
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Maciej Banach
Beyond the well-known effects on cognitive impairment of the Mediterranean diet, a number of studies have investigated the possible action on cognitive decline of different botanicals and phytochemicals, most of which are well-known anti-inflammatory or antioxidant agents with a good tolerability and safety profile. In particular, the current literature supports the use of Ginkgo biloba, resveratrol, epigallocatechin-3-gallate and l-theanine, Theobroma cacao, Bacopa monnieri, Crocus sativus and curcumin, which might have a positive impact on cognitive impairment used alone or in combination with other nutraceuticals or traditional drugs...
December 28, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
David O Kennedy, Emma L Wightman, Joanne Forster, Julie Khan, Crystal F Haskell-Ramsay, Philippa A Jackson
OBJECTIVES: Few previous studies have assessed the effects of concomitant administration of multiple potentially psychoactive nutrients. METHODS: 95 healthy adult participants consumed either a nutrient enriched breakfast bar (containing α-Linolenic acid, l-tyrosine, l-theanine, vitamins, minerals and 21.5 mg of caffeine) or an isocaloric, macronutrient matched control bar for 56 days. Cognitive function and mood were assessed pre-dose and at 40- and 160-min post-dose on the 1st and 56th day of the intervention period...
December 7, 2017: Nutrients
A F Cicero, M Bove, A Colletti, M Rizzo, F Fogacci, M Giovannini, C Borghi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of senile dementia is increasing worldwide, especially in the developed countries. Nevertheless, drug therapy isn't often enough to treat this condition. Researchers are evaluating the possible impact of a preventive approach, based on an improvement of lifestyle and the intake of micronutrients. Moreover, there is an increasing interest for combined nutraceuticals that can act as memory and learning enhancers, with a significant and beneficial potential on the cognitive disorders...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
Jin Li, Kang Sun, Qingping Ma, Jin Chen, Le Wang, Dingjun Yang, Xuan Chen, Xinghui Li
When the homogenate of fresh tea tree leaves was fermented to produce black tea beverage, the Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (main pathogen or endophyte of Camellia sinensis ) may be mixed into the fermentation liquor. However, it was unclear whether C. gloeosporioides- contaminated tea beverage would damage human health. Therefore, we investigated the changes of functional components and the influences on mice. C. gloeosporioides was added to the green tea infusion. After cultivation of 48 h, tea polyphenols, caffeine, and L-theanine decreased by 31...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Zhihua Gong, Qiuling Liu, Ling Lin, Yanli Deng, Shuxian Cai, Zunying Liu, Sheng Zhang, Wenjun Xiao, Shuo Xiong, Dong Chen
l-Theanine (LTA; γ-glutamylethylamide), a peculiar non-protein-derived amino acid isolated from tea, is widely used as a functional ingredient and dietary supplement. l-Theanine has been confirmed to have hepatoprotective effects, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. This study investigated the protective effect of l-Theanine-in vivo, using an enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)-infected mouse model. l-Theanine significantly decreased the elevated serum activities of both aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), two biomarkers of hepatic impairment...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Eshita Sharma, Robin Joshi, Ashu Gulati
l-theanine (l-Th), a non-protein amino acid present in tea, is a valuable nutraceutical product with unique health benefits and used as an additive in food industry. l-Th enhances the umami taste but its use is limited due to its inadequate production. Different extraction approaches from tea shoots, chemical synthesis to microbial transformation have been tried to meet its demand. In vitro, in vivo as well as clinical studies have shown its positive effect in regulating CNS disorders. l-Th has become choice ingredient in CNS active products due to its anti-stress and neuroprotective role in dementias particularly in retrogression of Alzheimer's...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Yuan Li, Shan Liu, Jun Zhu
Recombinant strains expressing enzymes for ATP regeneration and L-theanine production were constructed and used for the synthesis of L-theanine. The ppk gene encoding polyphosphate kinase (PPK) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides and gmas gene encoding γ-glutamylmethylamide synthetase (GMAS) from Methylovorus mays were synthesized, and two recombinant plasmids, pETDuet-ppk+gmas and pET21a-ppk+gmas were constructed for co-expression of PPK and GMAS in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). SDS-PAGE analysis showed that PPK and GMAS were overexpressed in soluble form in both recombinant strains...
December 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Shintaro Ogawa, Miho Ota, Jun Ogura, Koichi Kato, Hiroshi Kunugi
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The amino acid L-theanine (N-ethyl-L-glutamine) has historically been considered a relaxing agent. In the present study, we examined the effects of repeated L-theanine administration on behavior, levels of amino acids in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and hippocampal activity in Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats, an animal model of anxiety and depressive disorders. METHODS: Behavioral tests were performed after 7-10 days of L-theanine (0.4 mg kg-1  day-1 ) or saline administration, followed by CSF sampling for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis...
January 2018: Psychopharmacology
G V V Liyanaarachchi, K R R Mahanama, H P P S Somasiri, P A N Punyasiri
The study presents the validation results of the method carried out for analysis of free amino acids (FAAs) in rice using l-theanine as the internal standard (IS) with o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) reagent using high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection. The detection and quantification limits of the method were in the range 2-16μmol/kg and 3-19μmol/kg respectively. The method had a wide working range from 25 to 600μmol/kg for each individual amino acid, and good linearity with regression coefficients greater than 0...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Arif, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Robina Manzoor, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mahmoud Alagawany, Ruchi Tiwari, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Maryam Dadar, Chao Sun
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a famous herb, and its extract has been extensively used in traditional Chinese medicinal system. In this context, several studies have revealed its health benefits and medicinal potentialities for several ailments. With ever increasing scientific knowledge, search for safer, potential and novel type of health-related supplements quest, scientists are re-directing their research interests to explore natural resources i.e. medicinal herbs/plant derived compounds. Green tea consumption has gained a special attention and popularity in the modern era of changing lifestyle...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Edele Mancini, Christoph Beglinger, Jürgen Drewe, Davide Zanchi, Undine E Lang, Stefan Borgwardt
BACKGROUND: Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a beverage consumed for thousands of years. Numerous claims about the benefits of its consumption were stated and investigated. As green tea is experiencing a surge in popularity in Western culture and as millions of people all over the world drink it every day, it is relevant to understand its effects on the human brain. PURPOSE: To assess the current state of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of green tea or green tea extracts, l-theanine and epigallocatechin gallate both components of green tea-on general neuropsychology, on the sub-category cognition and on brain functions in humans...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Fleur M Howells, David G Kingdon, David S Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: Between 30% and 62% of patients with schizophrenia present with co-morbid anxiety disorders that are associated with increased overall burden. Our aim was to summarize current and potential interventions for anxiety in schizophrenia. DESIGN: Structured review, summarizing pharmacological and psychosocial interventions used to reduce anxiety in schizophrenia and psychosis. RESULTS: Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce anxiety, increase anxiety, or have no effect...
September 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
Qiongxian Yan, Haiou Tong, Shaoxun Tang, Zhiliang Tan, Xuefeng Han, Chuanshe Zhou
L-theanine has various advantageous functions for human health; whether or not it could mediate the nutrients absorption is unknown yet. The effects of L-theanine on intestinal nutrients absorption were investigated using rats ingesting L-theanine solution (0, 50, 200, and 400 mg/kg body weight) per day for two weeks. The decline of insulin secretion and glucose concentration in the serum was observed by L-theanine. Urea and high-density lipoprotein were also reduced by 50 mg/kg L-theanine. Jejunal and ileac basic amino acids transporters SLC7a1 and SLC7a9, neutral SLC1a5 and SLC16a10, and acidic SLC1a1 expression were upregulated...
2017: BioMed Research International
Sihua Cheng, Xiumin Fu, Xiaoqin Wang, Yinyin Liao, Lanting Zeng, Fang Dong, Ziyin Yang
Tea (Camellia sinensis) is the most widely consumed beverage aside from water. The flavor of tea is conferred by certain metabolites, especially l-theanine, in C. sinensis. To determine why more l-theanine accumulates in C. sinensis than in other plants, we compare l-theanine contents between C. sinensis and other plant species (Camellia nitidissima, Camellia japonica, Zea mays, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Solanum lycopersicum) and use a stable isotope labeling approach to elucidate its biosynthetic route. We quantify relevant intermediates and metabolites by mass spectrometry...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
S Pastoriza, M Mesías, C Cabrera, J A Rufián-Henares
Green tea has been consumed for centuries in Japan, China and Morocco. White tea, which is considered a variety of green tea, is mostly consumed in China and is very appreciated for its flavor. Currently the consumption of both types of tea has been extended to the western countries even as a functional ingredient. A group of polyphenols called catechins stands out among their bioactive components, the most abundant being the (-) epigallocatechin gallate, with high antioxidant power. Teas also contain other phenolic compounds such as gallic, caffeic, chlorogenic or cinnamic acids, quercetin and proanthocyanidols, caffeine, theophylline, l-theanine and minerals such as fluorine, manganese or chromium...
August 1, 2017: Food & Function
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