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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439013/biliary-epithelial-injury-induced-regenerative-response-by-il-33-promotes-cholangiocarcinogenesis-from-peribiliary-glands
#1
Hayato Nakagawa, Nobumi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Hirata, Yohko Hikiba, Yoku Hayakawa, Hiroto Kinoshita, Sozaburo Ihara, Koji Uchino, Yuji Nishikawa, Hideaki Ijichi, Motoyuki Otsuka, Junichi Arita, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Norihiro Kokudo, Keisuke Tateishi, Kazuhiko Koike
The carcinogenic mechanism of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC) is unclear, due at least in part to the lack of an appropriate mouse model. Because human studies have reported frequent genetic alterations in the Ras- and TGFβ/SMAD-signaling pathways in ECC, mice with tamoxifen-inducible, duct-cell-specific Kras activation and a TGFβ receptor type 2 (TGFβR2) deletion were first generated by crossing LSL-Kras(G12D) , Tgfbr2(flox/flox) , and K19(CreERT) mice (KT-K19(CreERT) ). However, KT-K19(CreERT) mice showed only mild hyperplasia of biliary epithelial cells (BECs) in the extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) and died within 7 wk, probably a result of lung adenocarcinomas...
April 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437001/tumor-associated-changes-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells-cause-local-accumulation-of-klrg1-gata3-regulatory-t-cells-in-mice
#2
Holger Meinicke, Anna Bremser, Maria Brack, Paulina Akeus, Claire Pearson, Samuel Bullers, Katrin Hoffmeyer, Marc P Stemmler, Marianne Quiding-Järbrink, Ana Izcue
CD4(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) include differentiated populations of effector Treg characterized by the expression of specific transcription factors. Tumors, including intestinal malignancies, often present with local accumulation of Treg that can prevent tumor clearance, but how tumor progression leads to Treg accumulation is incompletely understood. Here using genetically modified mouse models we show that ablation of E-cadherin, a process associated with epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor progression, promotes the accumulation of intestinal Treg by the specific accumulation of the KLRG1(+) GATA3(+) Treg subset...
April 24, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428709/disruption-of-the-tweak-fn14-pathway-prevents-5-fluorouracil-induced-diarrhea-in-mice
#3
Takuhito Sezaki, Yuki Hirata, Teruki Hagiwara, Yuki I Kawamura, Tadashi Okamura, Rieko Takanashi, Kenta Nakano, Miwa Tamura-Nakano, Linda C Burkly, Taeko Dohi
AIM: To clarify the roles of TWEAK and its receptor Fn14 in 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced diarrhea. METHODS: Diarrhea was induced in wild-type (WT), Fn14 knockout (KO), and IL-13 receptor (IL-13R)α1 KO BALB/c mice using a single injection of 5-FU. Histological analysis, cytokine analysis, and flow cytometry was performed on ileal tissues and cells. Murine colon carcinoma-bearing mice were co-treated with an anti-TWEAK antibody and 5-FU. Embryonic fibroblast response to cytokines was also analyzed...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427965/t1-st2-deficient-mice-display-protection-against-leishmania-infantum-experimental-infection
#4
Khalid Eltahir Khalid, Manuela Sales, Laís Sacramento, Diego L Costa, Djalma de Souza, Vanessa Carregaro, Joao Santana da Silva
T1/ST2 is a surface marker selectively expressed on type 2 helper (TH2) effector cells. As Leishmania infection in susceptible BALB/c mice have ascribed to a polarized TH2 response, this study aim to investigate the T1/ST2 (the receptor for IL-33), as a typical TH2 marker in the postulation that a shift towards a beneficial TH1 response would occur in the absence of ST2. For this, ST2 knockout (ST2(-/-)) and WT BALB/c mice were experimentally infected in the retro-orbital sinus with L. infantum. We showed that ST2(-/-) animals displayed better control of parasite burden in both spleen and liver tissues at different time points of chronic phases, and reduced spleenomegaly and hepatomegaly compared with the wild-type (WT) mice...
April 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423665/il-33-induced-alternatively-activated-macrophage-attenuates-the-development-of-tnbs-induced-colitis
#5
Lei Tu, Jie Chen, Dandan Xu, Zhongming Xie, Bing Yu, Ying Tao, Guixiu Shi, Lihua Duan
Accumulated data have shown that alternatively activated macrophage exerts a modulatory role in many diseases, including colitis. Interleukin-33 (IL-33), a critical modulator in adaptive and innate immune, has been implicated in autoimmunity and inflammation. Previously, we have reported that IL-33 functions as a protective modulator in TNBS-induced colitis, which is closely related to a Th1-to-Th2/Treg switch. Here, we present novel evidence suggesting that IL-33 primes macrophage into alternatively activated macrophages (AAM) in TNBS-induced colitis...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422515/allergen-induced-increases-in-sputum-levels-of-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-asthmatic-subjects
#6
Ruchong Chen, Steven G Smith, Brittany Salter, Amani El-Gammal, John Paul Oliveria, Caitlin Obminski, Rick Watson, Paul M O'Byrne, Gail M Gauvreau, Roma Sehmi
RATIONALE: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2), a major source of type 2 cytokines, initiate eosinophilic inflammatory responses in murine models of asthma. OBJECTIVES: Investigate the role of ILC2 in allergen-induced airway eosinophilic responses in atopic asthmatics. METHODS: Using a diluent-controlled allergen challenge cross-over study, where all subjects (n=10) developed allergen-induced early and late responses , airway eosinophilia and increased methacholine airway responsiveness, bone marrow, blood and sputum samples were collected pre- and post-inhalation challenge...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420489/mast-cells-emerge-as-mediators-of-atherosclerosis-special-emphasis-on-il-37-inhibition
#7
REVIEW
Pio Conti, Gianfranco Lessiani, Spyridon K Kritas, Gianpaolo Ronconi, Aessandro Caraffa, Theoharis C Theoharides
In atherosclerosis lipoproteins stimulate the innate immune response, leading to the release of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Hypercholesterolemia may activate the synthesis and release of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1, which induces TNF release in mast cells (MCs). IL-1 and IL-1 family members orchestrate a broadening list of inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis. MCs are implicated in the pathophysiology of several diseases including allergy and inflammation. Activated MCs, located perivascularly, contribute to inflammation in atherosclerosis by producing inflammatory cytokines...
April 12, 2017: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419818/local-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-promote-corneal-regeneration-after-epithelial-abrasion
#8
Jun Liu, Chengju Xiao, Hanqing Wang, Yunxia Xue, Dong Dong, Cuipei Lin, Fang Song, Ting Fu, Zhaorui Wang, Jiansu Chen, Hongwei Pan, Yangqiu Li, Dongqing Cai, Zhijie Li
Corneal injuries and infections are the leading cause of blindness worldwide. Thus, understanding the mechanisms that control healing of the damaged cornea is critical for the development of new therapies to promptly restore vision. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are a recently identified heterogeneous cell population that has been reported to orchestrate immunity and promote tissue repair in the lungs and skin after injury. However, whether ILCs can modulate the repair process in the cornea remains poorly understood...
April 15, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418072/myb-gata1-fusion-promotes-basophilic-leukaemia-involvement-of-il33-and-nerve-growth-factor-receptors
#9
Stéphane Ducassou, Valérie Prouzet-Mauléon, Marie-Céline Deau, Philippe Brunet de la Grange, Bruno Cardinaud, Hayssam Soueidan, Cathy Quelen, Pierre Brousset, Jean-Max Pasquet, François Moreau-Gaudry, Michel Arock, François-Xavier Mahon, Eric Lippert
Acute basophilic leukaemia (ABL) is a rare subtype of acute myeloblastic leukaemia. We previously described a recurrent t(X;6)(p11;q23) translocation generating a MYB-GATA1 fusion gene in male infants with ABL. To better understand its role, the chimeric MYB-GATA1 transcription factor was expressed in CD34-positive hematopoietic progenitors which were transplanted into immunodeficient mice. Cells expressing MYB-GATA1 showed increased expression of markers of immaturity (CD34), of granulocytic lineage (CD33, CD117) and of basophilic differentiation (CD203c, FcƐRI)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417620/effects-of-submaximal-aerobic-exercise-on-regulatory-t-cell-markers-of-male-patients-suffering-from-ischemic-heart-disease
#10
Fariba Raygan, Mansour Sayyah, Seyed Mohammad Reza Janesar Qamsari, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Mojtaba Sehat
There are confirmed beneficiary effects of exercise on atherosclerotic inflammation of ischemia-associated heart diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise on T-regulatory cell markers of IL-35 as well as FoxP3 and T-helper2 marker of IL-33 in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). This research was performed on 44 asymptomatic male patients with ischemic heart disease. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups of submaximal aerobic exercise and control group...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415811/il-33-st2-mediated-inflammation-in-macrophages-is-directly-abrogated-by-il-10-during-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Si Chen, Bingni Chen, Zhongyang Wen, Zhong Huang, Liang Ye
IL-10 is an immunosuppressive cytokine produced and sensed by many immune cells and exerts a protective role in autoimmune diseases. However, the underlying mechanism by which IL-10 contributes to prevent the arthritic inflammation in macrophages is poorly understood. Herein we report on a novel anti-arthritic property of IL-10 through the inhibition of IL-33 signaling by macrophages during collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) development. We show that IL-33 expression rather than its receptor (ST2) is positively correlated with IL-10 level in active RA...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412870/the-effect-of-diabetes-on-ovaries-in-a-rat-model-the-role-of-interleukin-33-and-apoptosis
#12
Cenk Nayki, Umit Nayki, Mehmet Kulhan, Mustafa Ozkaraca, Serdar Altun, Murat Cankaya, Oruc Alper Onk, Pasa Ulug
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a novel cytokine involved in diabetes mellitus (DM) but its role in diabetic ovarian injury is unknown. As IL-33 is modulated by apoptosis, we aimed at investigating the effect of diabetes on ovaries in terms of evaluating apoptosis and IL-33 in a rat model. In this prospective experimental study, 16 female, nonpregnant Sprague-Dawley albino rats (12 weeks, 220-240 g) were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 included eight healthy nondiabetic rats as controls and group 2 included eight rats in which diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal (i...
April 17, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412856/investigating-the-role-of-il-33-in-the-pathogenesis-of-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#13
Pamir Çerçi, Seda Altıner, Ali İnal, Kenan Köse, Göksal Keskin, Ümit Ölmez
OBJECTIVES: Behçet's disease (BD) is an inflammatory disease, characterized by oral aphthous lesions, recurrent uveitis, skin lesions, and genital ulcerations. Increased release of several cytokines may play a role in the inflammatory stages of BD. IL-33, a member of the IL-1 cytokine superfamily, plays an important role in inflammation. We analyzed serum IL-33 concentration in BD patients to assess its possible role in the pathophysiology of this disease. METHODS: The study included 54 BD patients, 31 with active BD and 23 with inactive BD as well as 18 matched healthy controls...
April 17, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412624/effects-of-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-in-an-ovalbumin-induced-allergic-rhinitis-model
#14
Baiwen Chen, Shenhong Qu, Min Li, Linsong Ye, Shaojie Zhang, Taijie Qin, Hua Fan
IL-17-producing Th17 cells play an important role in allergic airway diseases, but their local expression and regulation in allergic rhinitis (AR) is not well understood. This study investigated the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) on T-bet expression, Th1 cells, Th2 cells, Th17 cells and IL-33-positive epithelial cells in AR. C57BL/6 mice were intranasally sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA), and 1,25-(OH)2D3 was intraperitoneally injected into AR mice. Cytokine levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, phenotypic analysis of Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells in the spleen was completed with flow cytometry, and the CD4(+)IL-17(+) cells in the Nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) and IL-33-positive cells in nasal mucosa was evaluated with immunofluorescence microscopy...
April 13, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408397/the-il-31-il-31-receptor-axis-general-features-and-role-in-tumor-microenvironment
#15
REVIEW
Elisa Ferretti, Anna Corcione, Vito Pistoia
IL-31 is a recently identified cytokine with a well-defined role in the pathogenesis of pruritus. IL-31, whose production is induced by IL-4 and IL-33, binds a heterodimeric receptor (R) composed of the exclusive IL-31RA chain and the shared oncostatin M R. Signaling through the IL-31R involves the MAPK, PI3K/AKT and Jak/STAT pathways. Different variants and isoforms of IL-31RA with different signaling activities have been identified. IL-31 is produced predominantly by circulating Th2 lymphocytes and skin-homing CLA(+)CD45RO(+) T cells...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405615/prolonged-activation-of-il-5-producing-ilc2-causes-pulmonary-arterial-hypertrophy
#16
Masashi Ikutani, Koichi Tsuneyama, Makoto Kawaguchi, Junya Fukuoka, Fujimi Kudo, Susumu Nakae, Makoto Arita, Yoshinori Nagai, Satoshi Takaki, Kiyoshi Takatsu
IL-33 is one of the critical cytokines that activates group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) and mediates allergic reactions. Accumulating evidence suggests that IL-33 is also involved in the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory diseases. Previously, we generated an IL-5 reporter mouse and revealed that lung IL-5-producing ILC2s played essential roles in regulating eosinophil biology. In this study, we evaluated the consequences of IL-33 administration over a long period, and we observed significant expansion of ILC2s and eosinophils surrounding pulmonary arteries...
April 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404987/interleukin-33-regulates-intestinal-inflammation-by-modulating-macrophages-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Dong Hyuk Seo, Xiumei Che, Min Seob Kwak, Soochan Kim, Jae Hyeon Kim, Hyun Woo Ma, Da Hye Kim, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim, Seung Won Kim, Jae Hee Cheon
Interleukin 33 (IL-33) that signals through the ST2 receptor has emerged as a critical modulator in several inflammatory disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the precise mechanisms by which IL-33 modulates IBD are controversial. The aim of this study was thus to clarify the role of IL-33 in IBD. The plasma levels of IL-33 were significantly decreased, but soluble ST2 levels were increased in patients with IBD compared to healthy individuals. Moreover, IL-33 restored goblet cell numbers and induced macrophage switching from the M1 to the M2 phenotype...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402273/serum-il-33-level-is-a-predictor-of-progression-free-survival-after-chemotherapy
#18
Wenwei Hu, Chen Wu, Xiaodong Li, Zhuojun Zheng, Quanqin Xie, Xu Deng, Jingting Jiang, Changping Wu
This study aimed to evaluate the association between of serum IL-33 (sIL-33) level in gastric cancer (GC) patients and progression-free survival (PFS). A total of 62 patients with advanced GC and 32 healthy subjects were enrolled. sIL-33 level was detected in pre-chemotherapy patients, post-chemotherapy patients and healthy subjects, respectively. sIL-33 levels were 131.9 (95% CI 105.9-184.9) pg/mL, 95.1 (95% CI 70.8-140.2) pg/mL and 95.7 (95% CI 73.3-114.3) pg/mL in pre-chemotherapy patients, post-chemotherapy patients and controls, respectively...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401938/novel-protective-mechanism-for-interleukin-33-at-the-mucosal-barrier-during-influenza-associated-bacterial-superinfection
#19
K M Robinson, K Ramanan, M E Clay, K J McHugh, H E Rich, J F Alcorn
Influenza A is a highly contagious respiratory virus that causes seasonal epidemics and occasional worldwide pandemics. The primary cause of influenza-related mortality is bacterial superinfection. There are numerous mechanisms by which preceding influenza infection attenuates host defense, allowing for increased susceptibility to bacterial pneumonia. Herein, we demonstrate that influenza inhibits Staphylococcus aureus-induced production of interleukin-33 (IL-33). Restoration of IL-33 during influenza A and methicillin-resistant S...
April 12, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392332/type-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-disrupt-bronchial-epithelial-barrier-integrity-by-targeting-tight-junctions-via-il-13-in-asthma
#20
Kazunari Sugita, Catherine A Steer, Itziar Martinez-Gonzalez, Can Altunbulakli, Hideaki Morita, Francesc Castro-Giner, Terufumi Kubo, Paulina Wawrzyniak, Beate Rückert, Katsuko Sudo, Susumu Nakae, Kenji Matsumoto, Liam O'Mahony, Mübeccel Akdis, Fumio Takei, Cezmi A Akdis
BACKGROUND: Bronchial epithelial barrier leakiness and type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) have been separately linked to asthma pathogenesis, however the influence of ILC2s on bronchial epithelial barrier has not been previously investigated. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the role of ILC2s in the regulation of bronchial epithelial tight junctions (TJs) and barrier function both in bronchial epithelial cells of asthmatic and healthy individuals and general ILC- and ILC2-deficient mice...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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