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Prosthodontics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787641/effect-of-implant-therapy-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohip-49-health-status-sf-36-and-satisfaction-of-patients-with-several-agenetic-teeth-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Marieke A P Filius, Arjan Vissink, Marco S Cune, Gerry M Raghoebar, Anita Visser
BACKGROUND: Effect of fixed prosthodontics on patients with several agenetic teeth is not well understood. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of implant-based fixed prosthodontics on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), general health status, and satisfaction regarding dental appearance, ability to chew and speech in patients with several agenetic teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this prospective cohort study, all patients (≥18 years) with several agenetic teeth who were scheduled for treatment with fixed dental implants between September 2013 and July 2015 at our department were approached...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780732/effect-of-fixed-metallic-oral-appliances-on-oral-health
#2
REVIEW
Ahmad Alnazzawi
There is a substantial proportion of the population using fixed metallic oral appliances, such as crowns and bridges, which are composed of various dental alloys. These restorations may be associated with a number of effects on oral health with variable degrees of severity, to review potential effects of using fixed metallic oral appliances, fabricated from various alloys. The MEDLINE/PubMed database was searched using certain combinations of keywords related to the topic. The search revealed that burning mouth syndrome, oral pigmentation, hypersensitivity and lichenoid reactions, and genotoxic and cytotoxic effects are the major potential oral health changes associated with fixed prosthodontic appliances...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770323/dental-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-translational-regenerative-dentistry-from-artificial-to-biological-replacement
#3
REVIEW
Mona K Marei, Rania M El Backly
Dentistry is a continuously changing field that has witnessed much advancement in the past century. Prosthodontics is that branch of dentistry that deals with replacing missing teeth using either fixed or removable appliances in an attempt to simulate natural tooth function. Although such "replacement therapies" appear to be easy and economic they fall short of ever coming close to their natural counterparts. Complications that arise often lead to failures and frequent repairs of such devices which seldom allow true physiological function of dental and oral-maxillofacial tissues...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768340/the-patient-general-satisfaction-of-mandibular-single-implant-overdentures-and-conventional-complete-dentures-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#4
Manabu Kanazawa, Mariko Tanoue, Anna Miyayasu, Shin Takeshita, Daisuke Sato, Mari Asami, Thuy Vo Lam, Khaing Myat Thu, Ken Oda, Yuriko Komagamine, Shunsuke Minakuchi, Jocelyne Feine
BACKGROUND: Mandibular overdentures retained by a single implant placed in the midline of edentulous mandible have been reported to be more comfortable and function better than complete dentures. Although single-implant overdentures are still more costly than conventional complete dentures, there are a few studies which investigated whether mandibular single-implant overdentures are superior to complete dentures when patient general satisfaction is compared. The aim of this study is to assess patient general satisfaction with mandibular single-implant overdentures and complete dentures...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763504/investigational-clinical-trial-of-a-prototype-optoelectronic-computer-aided-navigation-device-for-dental-implant-surgery
#5
Asbjørn Jokstad, Brenton Winnett, Joseph Fava, David Powell, Eszter Somogyi-Ganss
PURPOSE: New digital technologies enable real-time computer-aided (CA) three-dimensional (3D) guidance during dental implant surgery. The aim of this investigational clinical trial was to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of a prototype optoelectronic CA-navigation device in comparison with the conventional approach for planning and effecting dental implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study participants with up to four missing teeth were recruited from the pool of patients referred to the University of Toronto Graduate Prosthodontics clinic...
May 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760817/telescopic-denture
#6
REVIEW
Mohammad Ayham Hakkoum, Ghassan Wazir
Aim: This article explains the concept of telescopic denture. Procedure: It describes the different types of telescopic attachment (or double crown), and provides an overview of the advantages and the disadvantages of this type of prosthodontic treatment. Conclusion: The indications and the clinical applications of telescopic denture are discussed.
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755614/implant-treatment-in-ultra-aged-society
#7
REVIEW
Yuji Sato, Noboru Kitagawa, Akio Isobe
Implant therapy is gaining presence as a prosthodontic treatment option. However, the graying of the population has led to an increase in the number of older adults requiring special consideration in implant treatment because of their systemic health problems. Additionally, with the growth of the elderly population in need of long-term care, a greater number of older adults who have received implant treatment are receiving long-term care, raising various issues that need to be addressed. In the present review article, we describe the significance of implant treatment in older adults, issues when performing implant treatment in geriatric patients, and measures to be taken when implant patients have lapsed into a state of requiring long-term care...
May 2018: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745321/selected-applications-for-current-polymers-in-prosthetic-dentistry-state-of-the-art
#8
Maciej Kawala, Joanna Smardz, Lukasz Adamczyk, Natalia Grychowska, Mieszko Wieckiewicz
BACKGROUND: Polymers are widely applied in medicine, including dentistry, i.e. in prosthodontics. AIM: The following paper is aimed at demonstrating the applications of selected modern polymers in prosthetic dentistry based on the reported literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted using the PubMed, SCOPUS and CINAHL databases in relation to documents published during 1999-2017. The following keywords were used: polymers with: prosthetic dentistry, impression materials, denture base materials, bite registration materials, denture soft liners, occlusal splint materials and 3D printing...
May 10, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742449/quality-improvement-in-randomized-controlled-trial-abstracts-in-prosthodontics-since-the-publication-of-consort-guideline-for-abstracts-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Junsheng Chen, Zhi Li, Beilei Liu, Xueqi Gan, Chunjie Li, Haiyang Yu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the reporting quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) abstracts in prosthodontics before and after the publication of Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guideline for abstracts and identify the characteristics associated with better reporting quality. SOURCES: PubMed was searched for RCT abstracts published from 2001 to 2007 (pre-CONSORT period) and from 2010 to 2016 (post-CONSORT period) in six leading prosthodontic journals...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736683/the-relationship-between-masticatory-ability-age-and-dental-and-prosthodontic-status-in-an-institutionalized-elderly-dentate-population-in-qingdao-china
#10
Qian Zhang, Dick J Witter, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Nico H J Creugers
OBJECTIVES: To identify relationships between masticatory ability and age, and dental and prosthodontic status amongst an institutionalized elderly dentate population in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 512 elders living in eight nursing homes in Qingdao was categorized based on a hierarchical dental functional classification system with and without tooth replacements. Masticatory disability scores (MDSs) were analyzed using multiple regression models with only age, and age and dentition variables for participants having ≥ 10 natural and those having < 10 natural teeth in each jaw...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736592/a-preliminary-report-on-dental-implant-condition-among-dependent-elderly-based-on-the-survey-among-japanese-dental-practitioners
#11
REVIEW
Yuji Sato, Shigeto Koyama, Chikahiro Ohkubo, Shin Ogura, Ryutaro Kamijo, Soh Sato, Jun Aida, Yuichi Izumi, Mihoko Atsumi, Akio Isobe, Shunsuke Baba, Noriharu Ikumi, Fumihiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to ascertain the situation relevant to implants, the status of oral self-care, the status of aftercare provided by the dentist who placed the implant, and the usage status of the implant card, in homebound or institutionalized older adults who are receiving home-visit dental care due to the inability to visit a dental clinic on their own. METHODS: A survey questionnaire was sent by post mail to 2339 people who are representative members or dental specialists belonging to any of the following three academic societies: Japanese Society of Oral Implantology, Japanese Society of Gerodontology, and Japan Prosthodontic Society...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735853/awareness-knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-students-toward-infection-control-in-prosthodontic-clinic-of-a-dental-school-in-india
#12
S C Deogade, V Suresan, A Galav, J Rathod, S S Mantri, S M Patil
Background: Infection control practices are crucial and important elements in clinical dentistry as there is an increase in the prevalence of infectious diseases among dental patients. This necessitates the application of recommended procedures for infection control in dental schools and clinics. Objectives: The aim is to evaluate the awareness, knowledge, and attitude of the undergraduate dental students toward infection control measures in the prosthodontic clinic and to assess their satisfaction toward applying these measures during prosthodontic treatment...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723325/maintenance-of-the-maxillomandibular-position-with-digital-workflow-in-oral-rehabilitation-a-technical-note
#13
Zhongjie Li, Yingfeng Xia, Kai Chen, Hanchi Zhao, Yang Liu
Prosthodontic oral rehabilitation procedures are time consuming and require efforts to maintain the confirmed maxillomandibular relationship. Several occlusal registrations and impressions are needed, and cross-mounting is performed to transfer the diagnostic wax-up to master working casts. The introduction of a digital workflow protocol reduces steps in the required process, and occlusal registrations with less deformation are used. The outcome is a maintained maxillomandibular position that is accurately and conveniently transferred...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723320/the-effect-of-too-much-caring-a-preliminary-study
#14
Meriting Thokoane, C Peter Owen
PURPOSE: To determine the presence of burnout and psychiatric morbidity among prosthodontic residents and prosthodontists working in a maxillofacial prosthetic clinic and to compare these outcomes between those treating cancer patients and those not treating cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two questionnaires were used: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). MBI assesses the three components of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment), and the GHQ-12 screens for nonpsychotic psychiatric morbidity...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723319/prosthetic-tooth-replacement-in-a-german-population-over-the-course-of-11-years-results-of-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#15
Torsten Mundt, Christian Schwahn, Carsten Oliver Schmidt, Reiner Biffar, Stefanie Samietz
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in distribution of teeth and in prosthodontic tooth replacement during an 11-year period in an adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on prosthetic status was collected from 4,288 participants aged 20 to 81 years at baseline in the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-0) and from 2,244 participants aged 30 to 92 years who reappeared in the 11-year follow-up (SHIP-2). The tooth distribution per arch was classified into one of the six following classes: class 0 (edentulous), class 1 (one to three remaining teeth), class 2 (extended tooth-bounded space or extreme shortened dental arch), class 3 (small anterior space), class 4 (small posterior space with one or more missing premolars), or class 5 (functional dentition)...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714493/internal-sinus-membrane-elevation-in-patients-with-less-than-5-mm-residual-bone-height
#16
Tyler J Thomas, Avinash S Bidra
Sinus membrane elevation can be accomplished through use of either a direct or indirect technique. The indirect or internal elevation technique lifts the sinus membrane by elevating it superiorly using osteotomes, with or without the use of grafting material. The authors reference a revolutionary randomized clinical trial in which tissue-level implants with a coronally flared design were placed in residual bone height of ≤4 mm using an internal sinus membrane elevation technique and describe an adaptation of the procedure discussed in that study and its successful use in a prosthodontics residency program...
May 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709708/specific-occlusal-scheme-for-partially-edentulous-patients-with-tmd-signs-preliminary-report
#17
Srgan D Poitie
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to ascertain a specific occlusal scheme to reduce temporomandibular disorder signs and symptoms in the therapy of partially edentulous patients with removable partial acrylic dentures. METHODOLOGY: 34 partially edentulous patients who had unilateral free-end saddle in the mandible along with a history of TMD signs and symptoms were prosthodontically treated, fitting them with new removable acrylic partial dentures (NRAPD) for their lower jaws...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706464/factors-related-to-masticatory-performance-in-healthy-elderly-individuals
#18
Koji Morita, Hiroki Tsuka, Kan Kato, Takahiro Mori, Rumi Nishimura, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Kazuhiro Tsuga
PURPOSE: Maintenance of natural dentition and/or prosthodontic rehabilitation is necessary for good masticatory function. Although other factors such as physical and oral functions are also important for masticatory performance, only a few studies have evaluated their roles. The aim of the current study was to assess factors associated with masticatory performance among elderly individuals, while maintaining and/or reconstructing all occlusal support areas. METHODS: The present study was designed and implemented as a cross-sectional study, involving a total of 262 participants (mean age: 74...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703671/dental-implants-with-fixed-prosthodontics-in-oligodontia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-with-a-follow-up-of-up-to-25-years
#19
Marieke A P Filius, Marco S Cune, Petra C Koopmans, Arjan Vissink, Gerry M Raghoebar, Anita Visser
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Long-term assessments of implant survival and treatment outcome in patients with oligodontia are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective clinical study was to assess which factors determine a long-term implant survival and treatment outcome of up to 25 years in a cohort of patients with oligodontia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of all patients with oligodontia treated with fixed implant prosthodontics between January 1991 and December 2015 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands, were assessed...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687593/incorporating-si-3-n-4-into-peek-to-produce-antibacterial-osteocondutive-and-radiolucent-spinal-implants
#20
Giuseppe Pezzotti, Elia Marin, Tetsuya Adachi, Federica Lerussi, Alfredo Rondinella, Francesco Boschetto, Wenliang Zhu, Takashi Kitajima, Kosuke Inada, Bryan J McEntire, Ryan M Bock, B Sonny Bal, Osam Mazda
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a popular polymeric biomaterial which is primarily used as an intervertebral spacer in spinal fusion surgery; but it is developed for trauma, prosthodontics, maxillofacial, and cranial implants. It has the purported advantages of an elastic modulus which is similar to native bone and it can be easily formed into custom 3D shapes. Nevertheless, PEEK's disadvantages include its poor antibacterial resistance, lack of bioactivity, and radiographic transparency. This study presents a simple approach to correcting these three shortcomings while preserving the base polymer's biocompatibility, chemical stability, and elastic modulus...
April 24, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
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