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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929829/quantitative-sensory-testing-for-assessment-of-somatosensory-function-in-human-oral-mucosa-a-review
#1
Pin Zhou, Yaming Chen, Jinglu Zhang, Kelun Wang, Peter Svensson
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review provides an overview of the quantitative sensory testing (QST) to assess somatosensory function in human oral mucosa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database to identify studies in vivo on human oral mucosa using QST methods. A list of 149 articles was obtained and screened. A total of 36 relevant articles remained and were read in full text. Manual search of the reference lists identified eight additional relevant studies...
September 20, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927393/the-complete-digital-workflow-in-fixed-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#2
Tim Joda, Fernando Zarone, Marco Ferrari
BACKGROUND: The continuous development in dental processing ensures new opportunities in the field of fixed prosthodontics in a complete virtual environment without any physical model situations. The aim was to compare fully digitalized workflows to conventional and/or mixed analog-digital workflows for the treatment with tooth-borne or implant-supported fixed reconstructions. METHODS: A PICO strategy was executed using an electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar) plus manual search up to 2016-09-16 focusing on RCTs investigating complete digital workflows in fixed prosthodontics with regard to economics or esthetics or patient-centered outcomes with or without follow-up or survival/success rate analysis as well as complication assessment of at least 1 year under function...
September 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925546/multidisciplinary-full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-soft-tissue-regeneration-in-the-esthetic-zone
#3
Anja Liebermann, Stefan Frei, Madalena Lucia Pinheiro Dias Engler, Otto Zuhr, Otto Prandtner, Daniel Edelhoff, Reza Saeidi Pour
OBJECTIVE: Oral rehabilitation often requires a multidisciplinary approach including restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, and periodontology to fulfill high esthetic and functional demands, frequently combined with changes in the vertical dimension. The presence of gingival recessions can be associated with numerous factors, such as brushing or preparation trauma and persistent inflammation of the gingiva due to inadequate marginal fit of restorations. Because gingival recessions can cause major esthetic and functional problems, obtaining stability of the gingival tissue around prosthetic restorations is of essential concern...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922244/fibular-graft-effective-panorama-for-prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-resected-mandible
#4
Pankaj Kharade, Saidul Islam, Mahesh Verma, Swati Sharma, Ranjeet Bodh
Surgical management of extensive tumors in the mandibular region leads to massive disfigurement of the face. Also the prosthetic outcome of such patients rehabilitated with free soft tissue flaps is very poor. Reconstruction of extensive defects to overcome the disfigurement is a challenging procedure and can be achieved with free fibula flap. Free fibula graft provides sufficient length of bone for the reconstruction of the postsurgical defects. Excellent vascularity of fibula flap allows for easy uptake of the graft and osseointegration of the dental implants...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916466/a-multi-centered-epidemiological-study-evaluating-the-validity-of-the-treatment-difficulty-indices-developed-by-the-japan-prosthodontic-society
#5
Takuo Kuboki, Tetsuo Ichikawa, Kazuyoshi Baba, Masanori Fujisawa, Hironobu Sato, Hideki Aita, Shigeto Koyama, Masayuki Hideshima, Yuji Sato, Hiroyuki Wake, Aya Kimura-Ono, Kan Nagao, Yorika Kodaira-Ueda, Katsushi Tamaki, Shinsuke Sadamori, Kazuhiro Tsuga, Yasuhiro Nishi, Takashi Sawase, Hisashi Koshino, Shin-Ichi Masumi, Kaoru Sakurai, Kanji Ishibashi, Takashi Ohyama, Yasumasa Akagawa, Toshihiro Hirai, Keiichi Sasaki, Kiyoshi Koyano, Hirofumi Yatani, Hideo Matsumura
PURPOSE: The Japan Prosthodontic Society developed a multi-axis assessment protocol to evaluate the complex variations in patients who need prosthodontic care, and to classify the level of treatment difficulty. A previous report found the protocol to be sufficiently reliable. The purpose of this multi-center cohort study was to evaluate the validity of this multi-axis assessment protocol. METHODS: The treatment difficulty was evaluated using the multi-axis assessment protocol before starting prosthodontic treatment...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904320/geometrical-effects-of-conventional-and-digital-prosthodontic-planning-wax-ups-on-lateral-occlusal-contact-number-contact-area-and-steepness
#6
Jaafar Abduo
This study evaluated and compared the effect of conventional and digital wax-ups on three lateral occlusion variables: contact number, contact area, and steepness. Dental casts of 10 patients with Angle Class I relationship were included in the study. All patients required fixed prosthodontic treatment that would affect lateral occlusion. The casts of all patients received conventional and digital wax-ups. For pretreatment, conventional wax-up, and digital wax-up casts, contact number, contact area, and occlusion steepness were measured at four lateral positions, that is, at excursions of 0...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903848/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-partially-edentulous-patient-with-maxillary-acquired-defect-by-a-two-piece-hollow-bulb-obturator-using-a-dentogenic-concept
#7
Poonam R Kulkarni, Rahul S Kulkarni, Rupal J Shah, Kavita Maru
Patients may face functional, aesthetic, and social distress because of the palatal defects. Prosthetic rehabilitation of maxillectomy or developmental defect can be challenging for prosthodontists. Prognosis of the prosthetic appliances can be affected not only by patients' own ability to adapt to the prosthesis but also by the factors like the remaining teeth, bony structure, and existing mucosa. Maxillary defects are usually developed by surgical intercession of the benign or malignant conditions and trauma cases...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893052/palatogram-a-guide-to-customised-functional-palatal-contour
#8
Sanjay B Lagdive, Rupal J Shah, Dharmendra V Sindha, Kiranbhai Hadiya, Najmunnisha Sabugar
The prime requisite of a sound and holistic prosthodontic rehabilitation from both the patient's and clinician's perspective is to be able to satiate the yardsticks of function, retention, aesthetics and comfort to the fullest. It is thereby astoundingly hard to digest that speech being an indispensably significant function of the complete denture prosthesis, is often seen upon as heedless and inconsiderate by the patient. Adaptability in speech pronunciation of complete denture prosthesis is a subjective phenomenon; cannot be predicted to entirety...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891554/interocclusal-registration-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning-for-implant-restorations
#9
S AlZain
This paper describes a new technique to record the interocclusal relationship of an implant case where multiple posterior teeth are missing and need to be replaced by implant restorations. In the case presented, an appliance was designed to be supported only by hard immovable tissues; teeth that provide a precise fit of records. The well-fitting appliance can be used to accurately mount implant cases with inadequate posterior support for diagnosis and treatment planning. This technique of interocclusal registration has the advantages of accurate mounting, preservation of materials and financial expenses, and reduction of chair-side time...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890256/tuneable-denture-adhesives-using-biomimetic-principles-for-enhanced-tissue-adhesion-in-moist-environments
#10
Simrone K Gill, Nima Roohpour, Paul D Topham, Brian J Tighe
Nature provides many interesting examples of adhesive strategies. Of particular note, the protein glue secreted by marine mussels delivers high adhesion in wet and dynamic environments owing to existence of catechol moieties. As such, this study focuses on denture fixatives, where a non-zinc-containing commercial-based formulation has been judiciously modified by a biomimetic catechol-inspired polymer, poly(3,4-dihydroxystyrene/styrene-alt-maleic acid) in a quest to modulate adhesive performance. In vitro studies, in a lap-shear configuration, revealed that the catechol-modified components were able to enhance adhesion to both the denture base and hydrated, functional oral tissue mimic, with the resulting mode of failure prominently being adhesive rather than cohesive...
September 7, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888410/three-dimensional-printing-in-contemporary-fixed-prosthodontics-a-technique-article
#11
Sarah Bukhari, Brian J Goodacre, Abdulaziz AlHelal, Mathew T Kattadiyil, Paul M Richardson
Digital dentistry has gained in popularity among clinicians and laboratory technicians because of its versatile applications. Three-dimensional (3D) printing has been applied in many areas of dentistry as it offers efficiency, affordability, accessibility, reproducibility, speed, and accuracy. This article describes a technique where 3D printing is used to fabricate a die-trimmed cast and to replicate gingival tissue and implant analogs. The digital workflow that replaces the conventional laboratory procedure is outlined...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883590/peri-implantitis-and-the-prosthodontist
#12
A Dawood, B Marti Marti, S Tanner
Peri-implantitis has been described as progressive crestal bone loss around a dental implant. The condition is poorly understood, and is challenging to manage; it is commonly and widely attributed to issues with the implant, the implant surface, surgical technique and oral hygiene. The effect of prosthodontic stages of treatment on the postoperatively established state has not been adequately investigated. It is the authors' contention that the manner in which the implant is restored contributes significantly to prognosis and peri-implant disease experience, and that the role of prosthodontic aspects of treatment in the causation of peri-implantitis may be seriously underestimated...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883583/book-review-mccracken-s-removable-partial-prosthodontics-13th-edition
#13
W Keys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874642/measurement-of-crestal-cortical-bone-thickness-at-implant-site-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#14
Ajai Gupta, Suprabha Rathee, Jaihans Agarwal, Renu B Pachar
AIM: Dental implants have emerged as a new treatment modality for the majority of patients complaining of missing teeth. Bone quantity and bone quality are among various factors which ensure the longevity of dental implant in the patient's mouth. The assessment of cortical bone thickness of the outer layer and the cancellous bone density by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has proved beneficial for the patient. This study aimed at presurgical measurement of crestal bone thickness at various implant sites using CBCT images...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867525/a-customised-digitally-engineered-solution-for-fixed-dental-rehabilitation-in-severe-bone-deficiency-a-new-innovative-line-extension-in-implant-dentistry
#15
Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Rüdiger M Zimmerer, Simon Spalthoff, Philipp Jehn, Philipp-Cornelius Pott, Majeed Rana, Björn Rahlf
OBJECTIVES: Numerous procedures including soft and hard tissue reconstructions are necessary to allow for final implant-borne dental rehabilitation in patients with severe alveolar atrophy or resected jaws. In these cases, customised digitally engineered patient solutions for fixed or removable dental rehabilitation provide an innovative line extension to conventional implant dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A wax-up was performed on plaster models that were scanned by 3D laser...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865133/prosthodontic-rehabilitation-of-an-ectodermal-dysplasia-patient-with-implant-telescopic-crown-attachments
#16
Hussain D Alsayed, Nasser M Alqahtani, John A Levon, Dean Morton
Telescopic crown attachments have been successfully used in completely and partially edentulous patients. This type of attachment provides retention, support, and stability with optimal hygiene for the removable dental prosthesis (RDP). With the emergence of CAD/CAM technology, telescopic crown attachments can be virtually designed and milled precisely to ensure a passive fit of the attachment parts and maximal functionality of the RDP. This article reviews both the clinical outcome and prosthodontic rehabilitation of telescopic crown attachments of an edentulous ectodermal dysplasia patient with solitary rigid conical telescopic crown attachments...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862391/dental-extractions-for-preradiation-dental-clearance-and-incidence-of-osteoradionecrosis-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-treated-with-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#17
Yoong L See Toh, Yoke L Soong, Yi X Chim, Li T Tan, Weng K Lye, Khim H Teoh
AIM: The aims of the present retrospective study were to evaluate the outcomes of dental extractions in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who had undergone dental clearance pre- and post-radiotherapy (RT) with intensity-modulated RT, and to report on the incidence and timing of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) in these patients. METHODS: A total of 231 patients were seen pre-, mid-, and postradiation therapy. Information on patient demographics, smoking history, staging, treatment modalities, dental extraction indications, and number and site of dental extractions was gathered...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859182/evaluation-of-a-new-ultrasonic-insert-for-prosthodontic-preparation
#18
Domenico Baldi, Maria Menini, Jacopo Colombo, Enrico Lertora, Paolo Pera
PURPOSE: This paper describes a new ultrasonic instrument (tipholder DB1 with crown prep tip inserts) designed to optimize prosthodontic margin repositioning and finishing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The insert movement was assessed, and it was demonstrated that tipholder DB1 provides its inserts with an elliptical-like movement, making the entire insert surface able to cut. Then, 20 extracted teeth were prepared using tipholder DB1, sonic instruments, and traditional drills...
September 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853144/prosthodontic-management-of-maxillofacial-cases-a-case-series
#19
James Dudley, Fiza Mughal, Elena Hotinski, Melati Mahmud
Maxillo-facial prosthetics is an important and recognised sub-discipline of prosthodontics that forms a key component of postgraduate training programs. General dentists have a role to play in the management of maxillo-facial defect patients even though treatment usually requires a multidisciplinary approach in an institutional environment. Maxillo-facial prosthetic cases frequently present with complex histories but simple patient goals. The conservatively managed implant-retained auricular prosthesis, speech aid prosthesis and orbital prosthesis cases described in this report were completed in a postgraduate clinical residency program and highlight the intrinsic complexities, challenges and ultimately satisfaction related to cases of this nature...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849806/digital-cross-mounting-a-new-opportunity-in-prosthetic-dentistry
#20
Pietro Venezia, Ferruccio Torsello, Salvatore D'Amato, Raffaele Cavalcanti
The prosthodontic management of complex rehabilitations requires several stages of treatment including one or more provisional restorations. The design and adjustments of the provisional are made to achieve an optimal functional and esthetic outcome for the patient. However, the adjustments needed are both time and cost consuming. Therefore, once a satisfactory provisional is made, the information should not be lost during the following stages of treatment. The purpose of this clinical case is to illustrate "digital cross-mounting," a procedure used to precisely transfer information from the provisional to the final fixed rehabilitation in a digital workflow...
August 25, 2017: Quintessence International
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