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Prosthodontics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142640/evaluation-of-c-albicans-and-s-mutans-adherence-on-different-provisional-crown-materials
#1
Gulsum Sayin Ozel, Mehmet Burak Guneser, Ozgur Inan, Ayce Unverdi Eldeniz
PURPOSE: Bacterial adhesion on provisional crown materials retained for a long time can influence the duration for which permanent prosthetic restorations can be healthily worn in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to compare seven different commonly used provisional crown materials with regard to Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans surface adhesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For each group, twenty specimens of the provisional fixed prosthodontic materials TemDent (Schütz), Imıdent (Imıcryl), Tab 2000 (Kerr), Structur Premium (Voco), Systemp (Ivoclar Vivadent), Acrytemp (Zhermack), and Takilon-BBF (Takilon) were prepared (diameter, 10...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140387/full-mouth-rehabilitation-with-calvarium-bone-grafts-and-dental-implants-for-a-papillon-lef%C3%A3-vre-syndrome-patient-case-report
#2
Bassam M Kinaia, Kristyn Hope, Ahmed Zuhaili, Jean Francois Tulasne
Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome (PLS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of keratinization associated with palmoplantar keratoderma and severe periodontitis resulting in complete edentulism in late adolescence. The pathognomonic dental features of PLS are pathologic migration, hypermobility, and exfoliation of the teeth without any signs of root resorption. It has been suggested that an effective way to treat PLS patients presenting early in the disease progression is extraction of the erupted primary dentition or hopeless permanent teeth followed by antibiotic coverage with periodontal therapy for the remaining teeth...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131460/pilot-study-on-the-effectiveness-and-students-attitude-towards-undergraduate-training-provided-by-industry
#3
M Karl, M Franz, T Grobecker-Karl, M Scheib
INTRODUCTION: Rapid developments in CAD/CAM technology necessitate the adaptation of curriculum content. Limited resources hinder institutions in holding state of the art equipment available for student training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A workshop given by an industry partner was organised as part of the final pre-clinical course in prosthodontics for the academic years 2015 and 2016. The workshop on dental ceramics and CAD/CAM technology comprised of lectures and practical demonstrations...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129784/impact-of-prosthodontic-rehabilitation-on-the-masticatory-performance-of-partially-dentate-older-patients-can-it-predict-nutritional-state-results-from-a-rct
#4
Sara Wallace, Stefanie Samietz, Meriem Abbas, Gerald McKenna, Jayne V Woodside, Martin Schimmel
OBJECTIVES: With a decreased number of teeth, a reduction in chewing function can contribute to changes in food choices and ultimately impact on overall nutritional status. This study compared the impact of two tooth replacement strategies for partially dentate older patients on masticatory performance and nutritional status. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years and older were randomly allocated to two different treatment groups. For the RPDP-group (removable partial dental prostheses) each participant was restored to complete arches with cobalt-chromium removable prostheses to replace missing teeth...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120113/hygiene-practices-in-removable-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
S Papadiochou, G Polyzois
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the recent scientific evidence about the hygiene practices of removable prostheses relative to the effectiveness, colour and dimensional stability. This review aimed also to identify patients' attitudes and habits towards denture hygiene. METHODS: Three electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library) were screened, in English language, between January 1995 and December 2016. A supplementary hand search in the reference list of the identified articles was also performed...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116000/effect-of-mouthrinses-on-color-stability-of-monolithic-zirconia-and-feldspathic-ceramic-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Reza Derafshi, Hooman Khorshidi, Mohamadhasan Kalantari, Ilyad Ghaffarlou
BACKGROUND: Patients susceptible to periodontal disease and dental caries, including those who undergo fixed prosthodontic treatments use chemical plaque control agents. However, these mouthrinses may result in adverse effects such as discoloration of the restorative materials. The aim of this study was to compare the color stability of monolithic zirconia and feldspathic porcelain after immersion in two different mouthrinses: 0.2% Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX), or Listerine®. Color change was evaluated by color spectrophotometer and according to the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIELab) system...
November 7, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108619/academy-of-prosthodontics-centennial-the-emergence-and-development-of-prosthodontics-as-a-specialty
#7
EDITORIAL
Jonathan P Wiens, Sreenivas Koka, Gerald Graser, Shane N White, Carlo P Marinello, Donald A Curtis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105257/thickness-evaluation-of-articulating-papers-and-foils
#8
João Malta Barbosa, Adolf Brian Urtula, Ronaldo Hirata, João Caramês
Articulation and occlusion test materials are tools used in daily prosthodontic and restorative procedures that aid the clinicians in the evaluation of adjacent and opposing natural and/or artificial tooth contacts. A precision micrometer (Series 293, Mitutoyo, Japan) with a resolution of 0.001 mm was used to measure the thickness of five articulating papers and six articulation foils. Four of the articulating foils tested presented thicknesses inferior or equal to 21 μm, confirming their adequacy for the evaluation of natural dentitions...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104691/complete-dentures-fabricated-with-cad-cam-technology-and-a-traditional-clinical-recording-method
#9
Nadica Janeva, Gordana Kovacevska, Edvard Janev
The introduction of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology into complete denture (CD) fabrication ushered in a new era in removable prosthodontics. Commercially available CAD/CAM denture systems are expected to improve upon the disadvantages associated with conventional fabrication. The purpose of this report is to present the workflow involved in fabricating a CD with a traditional clinical recording method and CAD/CAM technology and to summarize the advantages to the dental practitioner and the patient...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100605/academy-of-prosthodontics-centennial-the-educational-roots-of-our-specialty
#10
EDITORIAL
Stephen D Campbell, Clark M Stanford, Cortino Sukotjo, John R Agar, Charles Goodacre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098745/prosthodontic-management-of-a-patient-with-moebius-syndrome-a-clinical-report
#11
Ahmed Mahrous, Ghadeer Thalji
Moebius/Mӧbius Syndrome (MS) is an extremely rare congenital disorder characterized by uni- or bilateral palsy of the abducens (VI) and the facial (VII) nerves, causing facial paralysis. Dysfunction of cranial nerves III through XII is common, most often the glossopharyngeal (IX) and hypoglossus (XII). Afflicted individuals seeking prosthodontic care, particularly removable prosthetics, present multiple challenges related to inherent facial and tongue muscle weakness and microstomia. Other extraoral anomalies may include congenital multiple arthrogryposis and malformations of the upper and lower limbs...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093149/developing-prosthodontic-residents-communication-strategies-with-edentulous-patients-a-pilot-study
#12
Varsha Murthy, K R Sethuraman, Sunayana Choudhury, P Shakila
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prosthodontic residents' attitudes toward provider-client communication would be shaped by a tailor-made communications skills course. In 2016, the pre-intervention attitudes of all six second- and third-year prosthodontic residents in a three-year residency at an academic dental institution in India were assessed using the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS). The residents' performance was then video-recorded while they treated complete denture patients and was analyzed using the Kalamazoo scale, a validated scale for communication skills assessment...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090126/multidisciplinary-management-of-a-fused-maxillary-central-incisor-moved-through-the-midpalatal-suture-a-case-report
#13
Hakan Bulut, Aylin Pasaoglu
Fusion of teeth is a developmental anomaly. It occurs at the stage of tooth formation, which determines the shape and size of the tooth crown, when one or more teeth fuse at the dentin level during the morphodifferentiation of the dental germs. Such teeth show macrodontia and may cause crowding, as well as esthetic and endodontic problems. In this article, we report a rare case of a maxillary central incisor fused to a supernumerary tooth showing labial and palatal talon cusps, which was orthodontically moved across the midpalatal suture...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084302/comparison-of-masticatory-and-swallowing-functional-outcomes-in-surgically-and-prosthetically-rehabilitated-maxillectomy-patients
#14
R Sreeraj, Vinod Krishnan, Manju V, Krishnakumar Thankappan
PURPOSE: This study compared masticatory and swallowing functional outcomes in maxillectomy patients who underwent surgical and prosthetic rehabilitation or prosthetic rehabilitation only following surgical resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study involved 20 maxillectomy patients and compared their masticatory and swallowing functions following combined surgical and prosthodontic management vs an exclusively prosthodontic approach...
November 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068604/clinical-factors-in-prosthodontic-treatment-of-children-with-genetic-defects
#15
Natalia Kościelska, Zdzisław Bogucki
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontic treatment of children with genetic disorders is an area that is rarely examined in the current specialist literature. Few prosthodontists will undertake treatment of such patients, who will more often be referred to an orthodontic specialist. After examining the 4 cases of children with genetic disorders described in this paper, it can be concluded that when a prosthodontist includes a few additional procedures in the treatment process, he or she can successfully help such patients...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063350/bias-in-retrospective-assessment-of-perceived-dental-treatment-effects-when-using-the-oral-health-impact-profile
#16
Daniel R Reissmann, Antje Erler, Christian Hirsch, Ira Sierwald, Carolina Machuca, Oliver Schierz
PURPOSE: Aim of this exploratory study was to investigate whether a retrospective assessment of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) is susceptible to bias such as implicit theory of change and cognitive dissonance. METHODS: In this prospective clinical study, a sample of 126 adult patients (age 17-83 years, 49% women) requiring prosthodontic treatment was consecutively recruited. The OHRQoL was assessed using the 49-item OHIP at baseline and at follow-up...
October 23, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061111/normative-prosthodontic-care-need-does-it-impact-the-daily-life-of-young-saudis-with-high-level-of-oral-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Fahad Al-Harbi, Maha El Tantawi
BACKGROUND: Assessing the need for prosthodontic care previously included older age groups. There is less information about younger populations who may need this care because of high disease levels. The aim of this study was to assess the normative need for prosthodontic care in a young Saudi population with high oral disease levels, the associated factors and its impact on daily life. METHODS: A cross sectional study included Saudi adults in the Eastern Province in 2016...
October 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044894/immediate-implant-placement-and-provisionalization-following-tumor-resective-surgery-in-the-midfacial-region-a-case-series
#18
Nelson Fernandes, Jacobus van den Heever, Leanne Sykes
Surgical and prosthodontic restoration of the midfacial region following tumor resection has always posed a considerable challenge, as this area serves crucial functional and esthetic roles. Being diagnosed and subsequently treated for facial tumors can have an immense psychosocial impact on a patient, as the resulting defects are often disfiguring, and lead to an inability to masticate, swallow, and speak clearly. Provision of an immediate facial and dental prosthesis at the time of surgery can limit these side effects and help reduce mental duress on these patients and their families, as well as aid in the process of rehabilitation...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042741/management-of-broken-dental-implant-abutment-in-a-patient-with-bruxism-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Saad Al-Almaie
This rare case report describes prosthodontic complications resulting from a dental implant was placed surgically more distally in the area of the missing mandibular first molar with a cantilever effect and a crest width of >12 mm in a 59-year-old patient who had a history of bruxism. Fracture of abutment is a common complication in implant was placed in area with high occlusal forces. Inability to remove the broken abutment may most often end up in discarding the implant. Adding one more dental implant mesially to the previously placed implant, improvisation of technique to remove the broken abutment without sacrificing the osseointegrated dental implant, fabrication with cemented custom-made abutment to replace the broken abutment for the first implant, and the use of the two implants to replace a single molar restoration proved reliable and logical treatment solutions to avoid these prosthodontic complications...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023743/oral-health-for-an-ageing-population-the-importance-of-a-natural-dentition-in-older-adults
#20
Frauke Müller, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Febronia Kahabuka, Martin Schimmel
Despite progress in dentistry, tooth loss in old age is still a reality, even more so in long-term-care residents. However, recent trends indicate that natural teeth are lost later in life. Functional decline and age-related pathologies have to be considered in oral health care for this vulnerable population. Retaining and restoring teeth and oral function in elders is important. Tooth loss significantly impairs masticatory performance, which cannot be fully restored by prosthodontic means. Hence an unconscious change in food intake occurs, often involving malnutrition and withdrawal from common meals...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
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