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Prosthodontics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326443/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-1-the-aesthetic-spectrum-from-perfect-to-personal
#1
J N Besford, A F Sutton
Patients requiring dentures are getting older and as a result can be difficult to treat owing to various co-morbidities. This series of papers presents an overview of the processes involved in making removable dentures which the patient considers to be functionally and aesthetically successful. We hope not only to provide technical suggestions but also to address the issue of the clinician's, technician's and dental nurse's relationships with the dentally depleted patient. It is increasingly clear from defence organisation reports that this has a decisive effect on the success of this fundamentally difficult enterprise ('The only branch of dentistry in which you are trying to attach something to nothing' [Hubert Aïche])...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316569/prospective-evaluation-of-posterior-fixed-zirconia-dental-prostheses-10-year-clinical-results
#2
Sven Rinke, Jens Wehle, Xenia Schulz, Ralf Bürgers, Matthias Rödiger
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical survival and success rates of conventionally luted three- and four-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) with zirconia frameworks (Cercon Smart Ceramics, DeguDent) after a mean observation period of 119 ± 36 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 patients were treated in the Department of Prosthodontics at the University of Goettingen, Germany, and a total of 99 posterior FDPs were inserted and luted with zinc phosphate cement...
January 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308507/-analysis-and-prevention-of-dust-pollution-caused-by-5-common-prosthetic-materials
#3
Xiang-Wen Yang, Bin Wei, Cao-Yun Zhu, Liang Qian, Yi-Han Li
PURPOSE: To analyze and evaluate dust pollution in prosthodontic clinic and make proposal for reasonable protection. METHODS: This study analyzed the particle size, element composition and dust concentration of 5 materials which were commonly used in dental restorations (veneering ceramics, cobalt-chromium alloy, photosensitive plastic, hard base resin, advanced artificial teeth) by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectrometer(EDS) and dust concentration laser tester, in order to assess the effects of prosthodontic dust posed on medical staff health and put forward reasonable suggestions for prevention and control of dust pollution...
October 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300000/the-use-of-tungsten-as-a-chronically-implanted-material
#4
Ahmad Shah Idil, Nick Donaldson
This review paper shows that tungsten should not generally by used as a chronically implanted material. The metal has a long implant history, from neuroscience, vascular medicine, radiography, orthopaedics, prosthodontics, and various other fields, primarily as a result of its high density, radiopacity, tensile strength and yield point. However a crucial material criterion for chronically implanted metals is their long term resistance to corrosion in body fluids, either by inherently noble metallic surfaces, or by protective passivation layers of metal oxide...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299730/the-functional-implant-prosthodontic-score-fips-assessment-of-reproducibility-and-observer-variability
#5
Tim Joda, Fernando Zarone, Nicola U Zitzmann, Marco Ferrari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate the reproducibility and observer variability of the Functional Implant Prosthodontic Score (FIPS), while considering the level of dental experience for intra- and inter-examiner analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 examiners (n = 31 undergraduate dental students and n = 13 postgraduate prosthodontic students) applied FIPS to ten sample cases each showing one implant-supported single crown for premolar or molar replacements...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290239/evidence-based-prosthodontics-25-years-later
#6
EDITORIAL
Rhonda F Jacob, Gary R Goldstein, Danielle M Layton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285467/role-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning-in-dentistry-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Sagrika Shukla, Ashi Chug, Kelvin I Afrashtehfar
Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning are the backbone of any medical therapy; for this reason, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) was introduced and has been widely used. CBCT technology provides a three-dimensional image viewing, enabling exact location and extent of lesions or any anatomical region. For the very same reason, CBCT can not only be used for surgical fields but also for fields such as endodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics for appropriate treatment planning and effective dental care...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284975/dental-implants-a-remote-option-in-case-of-somatic-delusion-disorder
#8
Thanvir Mohamed Niazi, G Ulaganathan, S Kalaiselvan, R Lambodharan, R Mahalakshmi, M Sophia, V Usha Giridhar
A 29-year-old female was referred by a psychiatrist for dental implantation and prosthodontic rehabilitation, as she had all her healthy permanent teeth extracted within a span of 2-6 months, due to somatic delusional disorder. She presently refuses artificial dentures and implants with the fear of having worms in her teeth and the fear not yet allayed. The patient cannot be treated for her edentulous state until her psychiatric symptoms are treated. This is the limitation for the implant surgeon where service rendered is impaired in spite of advanced professional skills, ideal patient ridge, and other factors, just where the patient is not mentally prepared for the dental rehabilitation procedures...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284974/case-presentation-of-two-maxillectomy-patients-restored-with-two-piece-hollow-bulb-obturator-retained-using-two-different-types-of-magnets
#9
B Devi Parameswari, M Rajakumar, N Jagadesaan, H Annapoorni
Palatal defect can be repaired by reconstructive surgery and/or a dental prosthesis. We present prosthodontic rehabilitation of two partially edentulous patients, both with surgically induced palatal defect and explains how to achieve the goal for esthetics and phonetics. This also describes the fabrication of a hollow obturator by two piece method, which is simple and may be used as definitive obturator for maximum comfort of the patient. In both the above cases, since the mouth opening is restricted due to surgery, obturator prosthesis is given as two pieces retained with opposite poles of magnet, which facilitates the removal and insertion of the prosthesis...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279759/a-standardization-model-based-on-image-recognition-for-performance-evaluation-of-an-oral-scanner
#10
Sang-Wan Seo, Wan-Sun Lee, Jae-Young Byun, Kyu-Bok Lee
PURPOSE: Accurate information is essential in dentistry. The image information of missing teeth is used in optically based medical equipment in prosthodontic treatment. To evaluate oral scanners, the standardized model was examined from cases of image recognition errors of linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and a model that combines the variables with reference to ISO 12836:2015 was designed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The basic model was fabricated by applying 4 factors to the tooth profile (chamfer, groove, curve, and square) and the bottom surface...
December 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279687/prosthodontic-maintenance-and-peri-implant-tissue-conditions-for-telescopic-attachment-retained-mandibular-implant-overdenture-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#11
REVIEW
Ahmed Mohamed Keshk, Ahmed Yaseen Alqutaibi, Radhwan S Algabri, Mostafa S Swedan, Amal Kaddah
The mandibular implant-retained overdentures (MIRO) are a highly successful prosthetic treatment option. However, an argument still present regarding its design and type of attachment system. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to perform a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the scientific literature regarding the telescopic attachments versus other attachment systems retaining mandibular implant overdentures. Manual and electronic database (PubMed and Cochrane) searches were performed to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing telescopic versus other attachment systems...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275564/-prosthodontic-specialty-training-in-the-united-states-what-can-we-learn
#12
H Qing
Prosthodontics is one of the nine recognized specialties by American Dental Association. The postgraduate prosthodontic program used to train prosthodontic specialists in U S A started about 70 years ago. Compared to China which just launched the dental residency programs, the programs in U S A have more developed and relatively more mature education system. It is worthwhile for China to study and learn the U S A prosthodontic residency education program. Prosthodontics is a specialty to diagnose and treat complex dental problems, and is often considered as the 'orchestrator' directing and coordinating all the other dental specialists to manage complex situations...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275563/-understanding-new-progress-in-prosthodontics-from-the-perspective-of-updates-in-the-glossary-of-prosthodontic-terms
#13
T Jiang
Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms is a standardized vocabulary with international influence. Its ninth edition was published in J Prosthet Dent in 2017, 12 years after the last edition. During this period, great development has taken place in the dental prosthetics due to dental implant and digital dentistry as well as application of new materials and technologies. The research results of dental adhesion, aesthetic dentistry, orofacial function, and tissue regeneration has been fully applied in dental clinic...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261853/metal-free-materials-for-fixed-prosthodontic-restorations
#14
REVIEW
Carlo E Poggio, Carlo Ercoli, Lorena Rispoli, Carlo Maiorana, Marco Esposito
BACKGROUND: Fixed prosthodontic treatment (crowns, fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), complete arch prostheses) involves the use of several different materials to replace missing tooth structure. Traditionally full metal or metal frameworks veneered with ceramic (metal-ceramic (MC)) have been used. In recent years several different metal-free systems have become available to clinicians and patients. In general, metal-free restorations should allow practitioners to better reproduce natural tooth colour, avoiding shortcomings of MC restorations...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258642/career-focus-film-falsies
#15
Amy Brewerton
Dental technician Gary Archer makes removable prosthodontic devices for hollywood movies. he shares some of the tricks of the trade with PDJ managing editor Amy Brewerton.
December 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258639/quality-assurance-in-custom-dental-devices-a-technologist-s-perspective
#16
Anthony Griffin
Manufacturing of custom-made dental devices such as removable dentures, fixed prosthodontics and orthodontics are subject to the requirements of the Medical Devices Directive (MDD). Many dental laboratories often enhance these requirements by implementing quality assurance procedures that then provide enhanced consistency. this paper provides a dental technologist's view of some of the systems currently being used in dental laboratories to provide a quality assured product and associated issues.
December 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258635/research-abstracts-removable-prosthodontics
#17
Ario Santini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249880/a-comparative-evaluation-of-chewing-efficiency-masticatory-bite-force-and-patient-satisfaction-between-conventional-denture-and-implant-supported-mandibular-overdenture-an-in-vivo-study
#18
Arjun Jawahar Sharma, Rahul Nagrath, Manesh Lahori
Purpose: The purpose of this within-subject crossover clinical trial was to compare and evaluate the chewing efficiency, masticatory bite force, and patient satisfaction with conventional dentures and two implant-retained mandible overdentures after 4 weeks of usage. Method: This within-subject crossover clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Prosthodontics in K.D Dental College and Hospital. A total 15 patients were selected for the study. To report the changes in chewing efficiency by chewing 6gms of peanuts with 40 chewing strokes and comparing the particle size of the chewed material between two implant retained mandibular overdenture with that of conventional denture using micro vu excel gantry type visual measurement machine...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244888/evaluation-of-the-periodontal-status-of-abutment-teeth-in-removable-partial-dentures
#19
André Ricardo Maia Correia, Fábio Daniel da Silva Lobo, Mónica Célia Pereira Miranda, Filipe Miguel Soares Framegas de Araújo, Tiago Miguel Santos Marques
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the use of removable partial dentures affects the periodontal status of abutment teeth. An observational cross-sectional study was done on a sample of patients rehabilitated with removable partial dentures (2010 to 2013). At a recall appointment, a clinical examination was done to collect data related to the rehabilitation and periodontal status of the abutment teeth. Of 145 invited patients, 54 attended the requested follow-up appointment (37.2%). Mean patient age was 59...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243683/the-comparison-of-cement-and-screw-retained-crowns-from-technical-and-biological-points-of-view
#20
Aira Ragauskaitė, Gediminas Žekonis, Juozas Žilinskas, Alvydas Gleiznys, Eglė Ivanauskienė, Darius Gleiznys
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the most common complications in implant prosthodontics with porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns, to evaluate the influence of biomechanical properties on fractures and cracks of veneered porcelain, and to compare the effects of crowns with different connections on soft tissues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search of literature in the English language between 2009 and 2015 was conducted using the following databases: Medline via PubMed, Science Direct, Wiley online library, Taylor& Francis, and Cochrane library...
2017: Stomatologija
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