keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital acquired infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678711/healthcare-associated-infections-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#1
Yasser B Abulhasan, Najayeb Alabdulraheem, Ian Schiller, Susan P Rachel, Nandini Dendukuri, Mark R Angle, Charles Frenette
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are prevalent; however, data describing epidemiology of infection is limited. This study reports incidence rates, risk factors and the resulting SAH patient-related outcomes. METHODS: We studied the incidence of ICU-acquired HAIs over a 6-year period. We used Bayesian Model Averaging to identify risk factors associated with an increased risk of HAIs, particularly urinary tract infections (UTI), pneumonia and ventriculostomy-associated infections (VAI)...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676365/rapid-detection-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-by-chromatographic-assay
#2
Surinder Kumar, Bhanu Mehra, Gulshan Rai Sethi, Sanjeev R Saigal
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the single most important viral agent causing pediatric lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) worldwide. To evaluate the role of RSV in pediatric LRTIs, we studied 85 children <2 years of age hospitalized for community-acquired LRTIs. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were obtained on admission for the detection of RSV antigen by immunochromatographic assay. Demographic, clinical, and radiological findings for RSV antigen were compared. Data analysis was performed by Chi-square test...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676360/detection-of-immunoglobulin-m-and-immunoglobulin-g-antibodies-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-children-with-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#3
Surinder Kumar, Indu Bala Garg, Gulshan Rai Sethi, Sanchit Kumar, Sanjeev R Saigal
Context: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) causes up to 40% of community-acquired pneumonia in children. It is impossible to identify M. pneumoniae infection on the basis of clinical signs, symptoms, and radiological features. Therefore, correct etiological diagnosis strongly depends on laboratory diagnosis. Aims: This study aims to investigate the role of M. pneumonia e in pediatric lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) employing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and particle agglutination (PA) test...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676342/audit-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-programme-interventions-in-hiv-exposed-children-at-national-hospital-abuja-nigeria
#4
Mariya Mukhtar-Yola, Adekunle Tolulope Otuneye, Amsa Baba Mairami, Yewande Wey, Vincent Nwatah, Lamidi Isah Audu
Background: Ninety percentage of children acquire human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the form of Mother-to-child Transmission (MTCT). In the absence of interventions, transmission rates range from 15% to 45%. This can be reduced to below 5% with effective interventions. The last published national guideline (NG) on prevention of MTCT (PMTCT) was in 2010. Clinical audits are essential in improving the quality of care delivered to patients. Objectives: The study objectives were to determine the rate of MTCT of HIV in exposed infants at a follow-up clinic between 2011 and 2014 and to determine the level of adherence to 2010 NG on the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing, feeding options, antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis and the use of co-trimoxazole (CTZ)...
January 2018: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672576/malnutrition-and-lipid-abnormalities-in-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-adults-in-addis-ababa-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Melaku Adal, Rawleigh Howe, Desta Kassa, Abraham Aseffa, Beyene Petros
BACKGROUND: Both under- and over-nutrition may occur among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals and impact on the course of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its management due to the close interaction between immunity and nutrition. We investigated occurrence of undernutrition, excess weight and lipid abnormalities among antiretroviral naïve HIV-infected adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 594 antiretroviral therapy (ART) naïve HIV-infected adults was conducted in four hospitals in Addis Ababa from February to September 2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671219/ceftazidime-avibactam-a-review-in-the-treatment-of-serious-gram-negative-bacterial-infections
#6
Matt Shirley
Ceftazidime-avibactam (Zavicefta® ) is an intravenously administered combination of the third-generation cephalosporin ceftazidime and the novel, non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor avibactam. In the EU, ceftazidime-avibactam is approved for the treatment of adults with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs) [including pyelonephritis], complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs), hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) [including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)], and other infections caused by aerobic Gram-negative organisms in patients with limited treatment options...
April 18, 2018: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670781/-candida-krusei-empyema-thoracis-a-community-acquired-infection-requiring-a-high-index-of-suspicion
#7
Hazim Bukamur, Waseem Ahmed, Yazan Numan, Ibrahim Shahoub, Fuad Zeid
Empyema thoracis is a serious condition characterized by the accumulation of purulent fluid in the pleural cavity, typically following a pneumonia, subdiaphragmatic abscess, or esophageal rupture. Fungal empyema thoracis is a rare form of this condition with especially high mortality, in which the most frequently isolated fungus is Candida spp. This article presents a 74-year-old female with Candida krusei pneumonia and a complicated hospital course, initially presenting with nausea, vomiting, and dysphagia...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670404/evaluation-of-vancomycin-therapy-in-the-adult-icus-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-southern-iran
#8
Afsaneh Vazin, Motahare Mahi Birjand, Masoud Darake
Background: Vancomycin resistance in intensive care units (ICUs) accounts for significant morbidity and excess costs. The objective of the present study was to determine the appropriateness of vancomycin use in the various ICUs of Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. Methods: This prospective study was performed on 95 critically ill patients (48 males and 47 females) who were treated with vancomycin for at least 3 subsequent doses in 6 ICUs during 12 months. Required demographic, clinical, and paraclinical data were collected by a pharmacist...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669887/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-gsha-mutant-is-defective-in-biofilm-formation-swarming-and-pyocyanin-production
#9
Tricia A Van Laar, Saika Esani, Tyler J Birges, Bethany Hazen, Jason M Thomas, Mamta Rawat
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a ubiquitous Gram-negative bacterium that can cause severe opportunistic infections. The principal redox buffer employed by this organism is glutathione (GSH). To assess the role of GSH in the virulence of P. aeruginosa , a number of analyses were performed using a mutant strain deficient in gshA , which does not produce GSH. The mutant strain exhibited a growth delay in minimal medium compared to the wild-type strain. Furthermore, the gshA mutant was defective in biofilm and persister cell formation and in swimming and swarming motility and produced reduced levels of pyocyanin, a key virulence factor...
April 25, 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665444/ndm-1-and-oxa-23-producing-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolated-from-intensive-care-unit-patients-in-tunisia
#10
Elaa Maamar, Carla Andrea Alonso, Sana Ferjani, Ali Jendoubi, Zaineb Hamzaoui, Alia Jebri, Mabrouka Saidani, Salma Ghedira, Carmen Torres, Ilhem Boutiba-Ben Boubaker
Gastrointestinal colonization by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB), is a critical step before nosocomial infection. Our objective was to evaluate CRAB intestinal carriage in patients admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a Tunisian Hospital and to determine the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms involved. From December-2014 to February-2015, all 63 patients admitted at the ICU were screened for rectal CRAB-colonization upon admission and once weekly thereafter. ICU-patients who acquired a CRAB-nosocomial-infection were also included...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665161/poverty-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-study-in-a-developing-country-population
#11
Hassan Jahanihashemi, Mona Babaie, Soroush Bijani, Maryam Bazzazan, Behzad Bijani
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most severe lower respiratory tract infections with a high in-hospital mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and medical risk factors affecting the prognosis of acute pneumonia. The results of this study can mention the value of socioeconomic backgrounds like poverty and illiteracy in clinical practice, even in a well-known biological phenomenon (eg acute pneumonia). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all admitted patients to a tertiary teaching hospital with a diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia in a 12-month period were enrolled...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664370/antimicrobial-resistance-in-invasive-bacterial-infections-in-hospitalized-children-cambodia-2007-2016
#12
Andrew Fox-Lewis, Junko Takata, Thyl Miliya, Yoel Lubell, Sona Soeng, Poda Sar, Kolthida Rith, Gregor McKellar, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Erin McGonagle, Nicole Stoesser, Catrin E Moore, Christopher M Parry, Claudia Turner, Nicholas P J Day, Ben S Cooper, Paul Turner
To determine trends, mortality rates, and costs of antimicrobial resistance in invasive bacterial infections in hospitalized children, we analyzed data from Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia, for 2007-2016. A total of 39,050 cultures yielded 1,341 target pathogens. Resistance rates were high; 82% each of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were multidrug resistant. Hospital-acquired isolates were more often resistant than community-acquired isolates; resistance trends over time were heterogeneous...
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662673/epidemiology-and-management-of-healthcare-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-non-neutropenic-immunosuppressed-patients-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Nursel Calik Basaran, Sibel Ascioglu
Advancements in medicine have led to a considerable increase in the proportion of patients living with severe chronic diseases, malignancies, and HIV infections. Most of these conditions are associated with acquired immune-deficient states and treatment-related immunosuppression. Although infections as a result of neutropenia have long been recognized and strategies for management were developed, non-neutropenic immunosuppression has been overlooked. Recently, community-acquired infections in patients with frequent, significant exposure to healthcare settings and procedures have been classified as 'healthcare-associated infections' since they are more similar to hospital-acquired infections...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659836/efficacy-and-safety-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Neta Sternbach, Yaara Leibovici Weissman, Tomer Avni, Dafna Yahav
Background: Ceftazidime/avibactam is approved for complicated intra-abdominal and urinary tract infections (UTIs) based on results from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Data regarding its effectiveness in treating hospital-acquired infections or resistant pathogens have not been systematically compiled. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis including RCTs evaluating ceftazidime/avibactam versus comparator for the treatment of any infection. Primary outcome was 30 day all-cause mortality...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659759/community-acquired-legionella-pneumonia-in-hiv-infected-adult-patients-a-matched-case-control-study
#15
Catia Cillóniz, Lucia Miguel-Escuder, María Luisa Pedro-Bonet, Vicenç Falcó, Yessica Lopez, Carolina García-Vidal, Albert Gabarrús, Asunción Moreno, Antoni Torres, José M Miró
We investigated whether the clinical presentations and outcomes (length of hospital stay [LOS], intensive care unit[ICU] admission, 30-day mortality) of Legionella pneumonia in HIV-infected patients were comparable to those without HIV infection.Clinical presentation and outcomes in HIV-infected patients with Legionella pneumonia did not differ from patients without HIV infection.
April 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656631/asymptomatic-infection-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-using-serologic-survey-in-korea
#16
Yeong-Jun Song, Jeong-Sun Yang, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Hee Jung Yoon, Hae-Sung Nam, Soon Young Lee, WooJung Park, SungHan Park, Bo Youl Choi, Sung Soon Kim, Moran Ki
Objectives: Asymptomatic infection rates of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus vary. To identify rates of asymptomatic MERS infection in healthcare workers and non-healthcare workers, serologic survey was conducted. Methods: Study individuals were selected from the contacts based on a priority system in four MERS prone-regions. Sero-epidemiological analysis was performed in 1,610 contacts (average duration from exposure to test, 4.8 months), and the collected sera were tested using an enzyme-linked immunospecific assay (ELISA), immunofluorscence assay (IFA), and plaque reduction neutralization antibody test (PRNT)...
April 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655671/overreporting-healthcare-associated-c-difficile-a-comparison-of-nhsn-labid-with-clinical-surveillance-definitions-in-the-era-of-molecular-testing
#17
Kathryn Albert, Barbara Ross, David P Calfee, Matthew S Simon
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common healthcare-associated gastrointestinal infection. Hospitals are required to report cases of healthcare facility-onset CDI (HO-CDI) using the National Healthcare Safety Network's CDI laboratory-identified (LabID) event definition. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of potential over-reporting due to the exclusion of important clinical data within LabID reporting definitions. METHODS: In 2015, retrospective chart review was performed on 212 HO-CDI cases reported from a large urban medical center...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649599/time-dependent-differences-in-management-and-microbiology-of-orthopaedic-internal-fixation-associated-infections-an-observational-prospective-study-with-229-patients
#18
Richard Kuehl, Sarah Tschudin Sutter, Mario Morgenstern, Marc Dangel, Adrian Egli, Andrej Nowakowski, Norbert Suhm, Christian Theilacker, Andreas F Widmer
OBJECTIVES: Little information is published on orthopaedic internal fixation-associated infections. We aimed to analyse time-dependent microbiology, treatment, and outcome. METHODS: Over a ten-year period, all consecutive patients with internal fixation-associated infections at the University Hospital Basel were prospectively followed by acquiring clinical, microbiological and outcome data. Infections were classified as early (0-2 weeks after implantation), delayed (3-10 weeks) and late (>10 weeks)...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642825/-investigation-of-carbapenemase-genes-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-enterobacteriaceae-strains-isolated-between-2010-2014-in-a-university-hospitals
#19
Hüseyin Haydar Kutlu, Ebru Us, Alper Tekeli
The worldwide spread of carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates has become a major threat of public health. This worrisome situation leads the development of new methods for carbapenemase screening, detection, prevention of spread and epidemiological data collection as mandatory. In this study, it was aimed to investigate existence and distribution of carbapenemase-encoding genes (CEGs) among carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from various clinical samples in Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ibni Sina Hospital, Central Microbiology Laboratory between June 2010-May 2014 and detect their clonal relationship...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629382/get-aware-of-hand-hygiene-implement-it-in-your-attitude
#20
Gitali Bhagawati
BACKGROUND: Although there is advancement in the health-care system, the rates of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are still high. Poor hand hygiene (HH) among healthcare workers (HCWs) is identified as one of the major causes of HAIs. AIMS: The aim and objective of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude regarding hand hygiene (HH) among HCWs in a superspecialty hospital in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional, semi-structured, questionnaire-based study was carried out in a superspecialty hospital, Uttar Pradesh, India...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
keyword
keyword
12329
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"