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Nutritional intravenous therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431170/early-total-enteral-feeding-in-stable-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-before-and-after-study
#1
Sushma Nangia, Amit Bishnoi, Ankita Goel, Piali Mandal, Soumya Tiwari, Arvind Saili
Background: Fear of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has perpetuated delayed initiation and slow advancement of enteral feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with inherent risks of parenteral alimentation. The objective of this study was to assess effect of early total enteral feeding (ETEF) on day of achievement of full enteral feeds, feed intolerance, NEC and sepsis. Methods: In total, 208 stable VLBW neonates (28-34 weeks) admitted during 6 month periods of three consecutive years were enrolled...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390725/comparison-of-a-commercially-available-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-intravenous-fluid-therapy-for-dehydration-in-dairy-calves
#2
Jared D Taylor, Merel Rodenburg, Timothy A Snider
Calf scours is a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the dairy industry. Effective treatments are needed to minimize death, maximize welfare, and maintain growth and productivity. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy of a commercially available nutritional supplement (Diaque, Boehringer-Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc., St. Joseph, MO) and i.v. lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) in rehydrating, preventing acidemia, and correcting electrolyte imbalances in an experimental model for calf scours...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375085/the-study-of-early-intravenous-nutrition-therapy-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#3
Lang Dongming, Zhou Fengran, Zhang Zhaojun
To analyze the clinical effect of early intravenous nutrition therapy for very low birth weight infants. 80 cases of very low birth weight infants referred to our hospital from June 2013 to June 2015 were randomly and evenly divided into two groups. The infants in group A were treated with early intravenous nutrition, while with late parenteral nutrition for those in group B. The intravenous nutrition time, proportion of body weight loss, time consumption for recovery to birth weight and full enteral nutrition and complication rate between the two groups were compared...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374642/value-of-platelet-count-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-nosocomial-invasive-fungal-infections-in-premature-infants
#4
Yu-Chen Yang, Jian Mao
The aim of this study was to investigate the value of a platelet count (PLT) in the early diagnosis of nosocomial invasive fungal infections in premature infants. Based on clinical diagnosis combined with blood culture results, 72 premature infants of 5354 pediatric patients who were hospitalized in the neonatal ward of our hospital between September 2009 and February 2013 were diagnosed with nosocomial invasive fungal infections (fungal infection group). There were 58 premature infants diagnosed with bacterial infections during the same period (bacterial infection group)...
April 4, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365080/the-cocos-trial-caloric-control-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-promotes-survival-an-interventional-trial-with-retrospective-control
#5
Elisabeth De Waele, Ducnam Nguyen, Karlien De Bondt, Mark La Meir, Marc Diltoer, Patrick M Honoré, Herbert Spapen, Joeri J Pen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is widespread among cardiac surgery patients and is independently related to an adverse postoperative evolution or outcome. We aimed to assess whether nutrition therapy (NT) could alter caloric deficit, morbidity, and mortality in patients scheduled for non-emergency coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or aortic valve surgery. METHODS: 351 patients undergoing either elective CABG or aortic valve surgery were studied. Patients receiving NT were enrolled from January 2013 until December 2014...
March 18, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363050/intravenous-regional-antibiotic-perfusion-therapy-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-digital-lesions-in-seabirds
#6
Christine V Fiorello
Foot infections are a common problem among seabirds in wildlife rehabilitation. Pododermatitis and digital infections are often challenging to treat because of the presence of suboptimal substrates, abnormal weight-bearing due to injuries, and suboptimal nutritional or health status. Seabirds represent the majority of animals requiring rehabilitation after oil spills, and foot problems are a common reason for euthanasia among these birds. Antibiotic intravenous regional perfusion therapy is frequently used in humans and other species to treat infections of the distal extremities, but it has not been evaluated in seabirds...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323233/iloprost-use-in-patients-with-persistent-intestinal-ischemia-unsuitable-for-revascularization
#7
Alexandre Nuzzo, Damien Soudan, Lore Billiauws, Julie Bataille, Léon Maggiori, Maxime Ronot, Jeanick Stocco, Yoram Bouhnik, Yves Castier, Olivier Corcos
INTRODUCTION: Persistent or chronic intestinal ischemic injury (i3) can lead to severe malnutrition and acute mesenteric ischemia. Although recommended, revascularization of splanchnic arteries is sometimes unrealizable. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report a case series of iloprost use in consecutive stable patients with persistent i3 unsuitable for revascularization followed in a tertiary care center. The feasibility of revascularization was discussed and ruled out by a multidisciplinary team, and informed consent was obtained prior to consideration of a vasoactive therapy...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314653/assessment-of-risk-factors-for-candidemia-in-non-neutropenic-patients-hospitalized-in-internal-medicine-wards-a-multicenter-study
#8
M Falcone, G Tiseo, C Tascini, A Russo, E Sozio, G Raponi, C Rosin, P Pignatelli, P Carfagna, A Farcomeni, R Luzzati, F Violi, F Menichetti, M Venditti
BACKGROUND: An increasing prevalence of candidemia has been reported in Internal Medicine wards (IMWs). The aim of our study was to identify risk factors for candidemia among non-neutropenic patients hospitalized in IMWs. METHODS: A multicenter case-control study was performed in three hospitals in Italy. Patients developing candidemia (cases) were compared to patients without candidemia (controls) matched by age, time of admission and duration of hospitalization...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271593/norovirus-infection-in-primary-immune-deficiency
#9
REVIEW
Li-An K Brown, Ian Clark, Julianne R Brown, Judith Breuer, David M Lowe
Norovirus is acknowledged to be a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide, and its importance as a cause of chronic infection in immune deficient hosts is increasingly recognised. Current evidence suggests that a coordinated response of innate immune mechanisms, CD8+ cytotoxicity and a humoral response, with CD4+ orchestration, is necessary for norovirus clearance. We explain how primary immune deficiency impairs these host defences and predisposes to chronic infection, associated with protracted diarrhoea, weight loss, and requirement for parenteral nutrition...
March 8, 2017: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167468/the-study-of-early-intravenous-nutrition-therapy-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
Lang Dongming, Zhou Fengran, Zhang Zhaojun
To analyze the clinical effect of early intravenous nutrition therapy for very low birth weight infants. 80 cases of very low birth weight infants referred to our hospital from June 2013 to June 2015 were randomly and evenly divided into two groups. The infants in group A were treated with early intravenous nutrition, while with late parenteral nutrition for those in group B. The intravenous nutrition time, proportion of body weight loss, time consumption for recovery to birth weight and full enteral nutrition and complication rate between the two groups were compared...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154012/gastrointestinal-immune-and-microbiome-changes-during-parenteral-nutrition
#11
REVIEW
Joseph F Pierre
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a lifesaving therapy that provides intravenous nutrition support to patients who cannot, or should not, feed via the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Unfortunately, PN also carries certain risks related to infection and metabolic complications compared with enteral nutrition. In this review, an overview of PN and GI immune and microbiome changes is provided. PN impacts the gut-associated lymphoid tissue functions, especially adaptive immune cells, changes the intestinal epithelium and chemical secretions, and significantly alters the intestinal microbiome...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086849/successful-outcome-following-pneumonectomy-in-a-teenage-boy-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#12
Zheyi Liew, Santosh Mallikarjuna, Asif Hasan, F Kate Gould, Su Bunn, Matthew F Thomas, Jim L Lordan, Christopher O'Brien, Malcolm Brodlie
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis lung disease is generally a diffuse process however rarely one lung may become particularly damaged through chronic collapse and consolidation resulting in end-stage bronchiectasis with relative sparing of the contralateral lung. This clinical situation is sometimes referred to as "destroyed lung". Lung resection surgery is seldom indicated in cystic fibrosis and the associated medical literature is relatively sparse. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14 year old boy was referred to our centre for lung transplantation assessment...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051251/observation-of-clinical-efficacy-of-rt-pa-intravenous-thrombolytic-treatment-for-patients-combined-with-grade-0-1-diabetic-foot-by-wagner-classification-and-acute-ischemic-stroke
#13
C-H Li, Y Chen, C-H Zhang, Z Dong, Z Wang, S-N Zhao, Y-X Wang, Z-Y Lv, P-L Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of rt-PA intravenous thrombolytic treatment for patients with diabetic foot (DF) and acute ischemic stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 76 patients admitted between June 2012 to December 2015 presenting with acute ischemic stroke and Grade 0-1 DF a (Wagner classification). The treatment group consisted of 44 patients who received rt-PA intravenous thrombolytic treatment, while 32 cases in the control group did not...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042062/end-of-life-care-and-quality-of-dying-in-23-acute-geriatric-hospital-wards-in-flanders-belgium
#14
Rebecca Verhofstede, Tinne Smets, Joachim Cohen, Kim Eecloo, Massimo Costantini, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Luc Deliens
OBJECTIVES: To describe the nursing and medical interventions performed in the last 48 hours of life and the quality of dying of patients dying in acute geriatric hospital wards. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study between October 1, 2012 and September 30, 2013. Twenty-three acute geriatric wards in 13 hospitals in Flanders, Belgium. Patients hospitalized for more than 48 hours before dying in the participating wards. Structured after-death questionnaires, filled out by the nurse, the physician, and the family carer most involved in end-of-life care...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922234/long-term-azithromycin-therapy-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Nagehan Emiralioğlu, Zeynelabidin Öztürk, Ebru Yalçın, Deniz Doğru, Uğur Özçelik, Nural Kiper
Inflammation is a central contributor to the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis (CF) pulmonary disease; so limiting the excessive production of inflammatory mediators represents a major therapeutic strategy for slowing the decline in lung function and improving survival. The macrolide antibiotic azithromycin (AZM) has anti-inflammatory properties and immunomodulatory effects that may be beneficial in CF. The aim of this study was to document the long term use of AZM effect on pulmonary function, nutritional status and number of pulmonary exacerbations in patients with CF...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911464/two-successful-insertions-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-a-super-elderly-patient-with-bilateral-pacemaker-placement
#16
Wenyan Sun, Yufen Ma, Bing Liu, Ruibing Ge, Kai Wang, Qi Song
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been placed through the peripheral veins, and the best location for the tip of the PICCs is the lower third of the superior vena cava (SVC) and cavo-atrial junction. PICCs are commonly used in intravenous administration, parenteral nutrition therapy, chemotherapy, as well as in critical care units. The success rates in venipuncture are enhanced when ultrasonographic guides are used by the bedside PICC teams. There have been few reports of PICCs placed in super elderly patients with permanent cardiac pacemakers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900630/current-delivery-of-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-with-cytoreductive-surgery-cs-hipec-and-perioperative-practices-an-international-survey-of-high-volume-surgeons
#17
Allison H Maciver, Eisar Al-Sukhni, Jesus Esquivel, Joseph J Skitzki, John M Kane, Valerie A Francescutti
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CS/HIPEC) is performed for selected indications at a limited number of specialized centers worldwide. Currently there is no standardized approach to the perioperative care process. We sought to capture current practices in the perioperative management of patients who undergo CS/HIPEC at high-volume centers. METHODS: Surgeon members of the American Society of Peritoneal Surface Malignancies working at high-volume CS/HIPEC centers (>10 cases/year) were invited to complete an online survey...
April 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897734/how-to-insert-a-peripheral-cannula
#18
Sally Jane Shaw
Rationale and key points This article aims to assist practitioners to undertake the safe and effective insertion of a peripheral cannula. It provides information on best practice related to peripheral cannulation with an open-ported safety cannula. The same principles for practice apply to non-ported open safety cannulae. » Peripheral cannulation enables venous access, the administration of intravenous medication, infusion therapy and total parenteral nutrition. It also enables blood samples to be obtained...
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891260/intravenous-vitamin-c-administered-as-adjunctive-therapy-for-recurrent-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#19
Amit Bharara, Catherine Grossman, Daniel Grinnan, Aamer Syed, Bernard Fisher, Christine DeWilde, Ramesh Natarajan, Alpha A Berry Fowler
This case report summarizes the first use of intravenous vitamin C employed as an adjunctive interventional agent in the therapy of recurrent acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The two episodes of ARDS occurred in a young female patient with Cronkhite-Canada syndrome, a rare, sporadically occurring, noninherited disorder that is characterized by extensive gastrointestinal polyposis and malabsorption. Prior to the episodes of sepsis, the patient was receiving nutrition via chronic hyperalimentation administered through a long-standing central venous catheter...
2016: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828934/review-of-intravenous-lipid-emulsion-therapy
#20
Jeffery W Spray
Intravenous fat emulsion (IVFE) is an important source of calories and essential fatty acids for patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). Administered as an individual infusion or combined with PN, the fats provided by IVFE are vital for cellular structural function and metabolism. The affinity of some medications to lipids has led to the use of IVFE as a treatment for any lipophilic drug overdose. This article will explain the available formulations of IVFE, administration, and maintenance issues, as well as the risks and benefits for various applications...
November 2016: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
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