keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dry skin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904582/the-role-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-coactivator-1-gene-in-skin-aging
#1
REVIEW
Shahrzad Aghaei, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Maryam Aghaei
Skin aging is a continuous process that exhibits fine and deep wrinkles, thin and transparent skin, loss of underlying fat, dry skin and itch, following decreased collagen and elastin synthesis. Both extrinsic and intrinsic agents are considered in the pathogenesis on skin aging. Extrinsic factors such as sun exposure, windy and dry weather, nutrition, and lifestyle may induce premature aging, toxic-free radicals, and reactive oxygen species due to decreasing normal function of mitochondria which play the major intrinsic factors in premature skin aging...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900769/influence-of-menstrual-phase-and-arid-vs-humid-heat-stress-on-autonomic-and-behavioural-thermoregulation-during-exercise-in-trained-but-unacclimated-women
#2
Tze-Huan Lei, Stephen R Stannard, Blake G Perry, Zachary J Schlader, James D Cotter, Toby Mündel
We studied thermoregulatory responses of ten well-trained (VO2 max, 57 (7) mL min(-1) kg(-1) ) eumenorrheic women exercising in dry and humid heat, across their menstrual cycle. They completed four trials, each of resting and cycling at fixed intensities (125 and 150 W), to assess autonomic regulation, then self-paced intensity (30-min work trial), to assess behavioural regulation. Trials were in early-follicular (EF) and mid-luteal (ML) phases in dry (DRY) and humid (HUM) heat matched for wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT, 27°C)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898671/prevalence-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-districts-of-high-and-low-endemicity-in-mali
#3
Bourama Traoré, Fabiano Oliveira, Ousmane Faye, Adama Dicko, Cheick A Coulibaly, Ibrahim M Sissoko, Samake Sibiry, Nafomon Sogoba, Moussa Brema Sangare, Yaya I Coulibaly, Pierre Traore, Sekou F Traore, Jennifer M Anderson, Somita Keita, Jesus G Valenzuela, Shaden Kamhawi, Seydou Doumbia
Historically the western sahelian dry regions of Mali are known to be highly endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania major, while cases are rarely reported from the Southern savanna forest of the country. Here, we report baseline prevalence of CL infection in 3 ecologically distinct districts of Mali (dry sahelian, north savanna and southern savanna forest areas). We screened 195 to 250 subjects from 50 to 60 randomly selected households in each of the 6 villages (four from the western sahelian district of Diema in Kayes region, one from the central district of Kolokani and one from the southern savanna district of Kolodieba, region of Sikasso)...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894302/anti-inflammatory-and-burn-injury-wound-healing-properties-of-the-shell-of-haliotis-diversicolor
#4
Zhi-Cheng Chen, Shing-Yi Sean Wu, Wei-Yang Su, Yuan-Chuan Lin, Yi-Hsin Lee, Wei-Hao Wu, Chun-Hong Chen, Zhi-Hong Wen
BACKGROUND: The shell of Haliotis diversicolor, or shijueming (SJM), is a type of traditional Chinese medicine. The SJM has appeared in historical records as early as the third and fourth centuries. Historical records have revealed that SJM had mainly been used to treat eye diseases. After the Qing Dynasty (1757), records had emerged, detailing the use of SJM for treating skin injuries, particularly for treating poorly managed ulcers or traumatic wounds. Furthermore, in our anti-inflammation-screening system, SJM significantly inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory proteins...
November 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891379/rare-occurrence-of-drug-induced-subacute-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus-with-leflunomide-therapy
#5
Harpreet Singh, Gagandeep Sukhija, Vikram Tanwar, Sameer Arora, Jaikrit Bhutani
Leflunomide is an immunomodulatory drug exhibiting anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and immunosuppressive effects. It has been widely used for treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis. Despite its good safety profile cutaneous side effects like alopecia, eczema, pruritis and dry skin have been reported with Leflunomide use. Skin ucleration, vasculitis, lichenoid drug rash and Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (SCLE) have been rarely reported with its use. A rare case of Leflunomide induced SCLE is being reported in a female patient with rheumatoid arthritis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890802/highly-water-absorbing-silk-yarn-with-interpenetrating-network-via-in-situ-polymerization
#6
Ka I Lee, Xiaowen Wang, Xia Guo, Ka-Fu Yung, Bin Fei
Silk was modified via in situ polymerization of two monomers acrylamide and sodium acrylate by swelling in an effective LiBr dissolution system. Swelling of natural silks in LiBr solutions of low concentration was clearly observed under optical microscope, and their conformational changes were revealed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Dissolution tests and FTIR spectra of these modified silks suggested the presence of interpenetrating network of polyacrylamide and poly(sodium acrylate) in the silk yarns...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873104/analysis-of-specific-absorption-rate-and-internal-electric-field-in-human-biological-tissues-surrounding-an-air-core-coil-type-transcutaneous-energy-transmission-transformer
#7
Kenji Shiba, Nur Elina Binti Zulkifli, Yuji Ishioka
In this study, we analyzed the internal electric field E and specific absorption rate (SAR) of human biological tissues surrounding an air-core coil transcutaneous energy transmission transformer. Using an electromagnetic simulator, we created a model of human biological tissues consisting of a dry skin, wet skin, fat, muscle, and cortical bone. A primary coil was placed on the surface of the skin, and a secondary coil was located subcutaneously inside the body. The E and SAR values for the model representing a 34-year-old male subject were analyzed using electrical frequencies of 0...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871345/terra-firma-forme-dermatosis-in-singaporean-patients-the-alcohol-wipe-sign
#8
Choon Chiat Oh, Hazel H Oon, See Ket Ng, Shang Ian Tee, Anjali Jhingan, Wei-Sheng Chong
The term terra firma-forme dermatosis arises from the Latin phrase terra firma, meaning dry land (dirt), thus implying dirt-like dermatosis. The authors highlight five cases of patients with terra firma-forme dermatosis presenting to our dermatology center between 2012 and 2013. All patients presented to the dermatologist for persistent reticulated brown patches on the skin. These patients ranged in age from 6 to 22 years. All patients had tried various cleansing soaps and agents but were unable to remove the patches...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871086/the-influence-of-two-different-foam-creams-on-skin-barrier-repair-of-foot-xerosis-a-prospective-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-intra-individual-study
#9
Dorothee Daehnhardt, Stephan Daehnhardt-Pfeiffer, Judith Schulte-Walter, Thomas Neubourg, Eckhard Hanisch, Christel Schmetz, Marion Breuer, Regina Fölster-Holst
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dry skin, or xerosis, is a common condition and a key feature of skin diseases like atopic dermatitis (AD) and ichthyosis vulgaris. Foot xerosis may exist without underlying disease and could be related to very mild forms of AD or ichthyosis vulgaris. The synthesis of important skin lipids (cholesterol, free fatty acids and ceramides) is reduced in xerosis and AD, and reduced lipid synthesis is responsible for a lack of lipids and enzymes in the skin barrier. This slows down reorganisation of the lipid lamellae in the stratum corneum (SC)...
November 22, 2016: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863904/exacerbating-factors-of-itch-in-atopic-dermatitis
#10
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Murota, Ichiro Katayama
Atopic dermatitis (AD) displays different clinical symptoms, progress, and response to treatment during early infancy and after childhood. After the childhood period, itch appears first, followed by formation of well-circumscribed plaque or polymorphous dermatoses at the same site. When accompanied with dermatitis and dry skin, treatment of skin lesions should be prioritized. When itch appears first, disease history, such as causes and time of appearance of itch should be obtained by history taking. In many cases, itch increases in the evening when the sympathetic nerve activity decreased...
November 15, 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862339/novel-trpm8-agonist-cooling-compound-against-chronic-itch-results-from-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-pilot-study-in-dry-skin
#11
S Ständer, M Augustin, D Roggenkamp, C Blome, T Heitkemper, A C Worthmann, G Neufang
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from chronic pruritus (CP) due to dry skin with are often applying emollients containing menthol. However, topical menthol may be irritating and of weak potency in severe pruritus. Two TRPM8 agonists, (1R,2S,5R)-N-(2-(2-pyridinyl)ethyl)-2-ispropyl-5-methylcyclohexancarboxamide and menthoxypropan-ediol, combined as Cooling Compound (CC) have shown stronger activation of TRPM8 than menthol. OBJECTIVES: Objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CC in alleviating pruritus in patients with dry itchy skin...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848229/ambulatory-screening-of-diabetic-neuropathy-and-predictors-of-its-severity-in-outpatient-settings
#12
M S Qureshi, M Iqbal, S Zahoor, J Ali, M U Javed
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common causes of chronic neuropathic symptomatology and the most disabling and difficult-to-treat diabetic microangiopathic complication. The neuropathies associated with diabetes are typically classified into generalized, focal and multifocal varieties. There exists a scarcity of literature studying the correlation of different patient- and disease-related variables with severity of neuropathy. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to delineate the prevalence of diabetic neuropathy in type 2 diabetes, describe its characteristics and find out predictors of its severity...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845865/gastrodia-elata-blume-extract-modulates-antioxidant-activity-and-ultraviolet-a-irradiated-skin-aging-in-human-dermal-fibroblast-cells
#13
Eunju Song, Haeyon Chung, Eugene Shim, Jung-Ky Jeong, Bok-Kyung Han, Hyuk-Joon Choi, Jinah Hwang
Gastrodia elata Blume (GEB), a traditional herbal medicine, has been used to treat a wide range of neurological disorders (e.g., paralysis and stroke) and skin problems (e.g., atopic dermatitis and eczema) in oriental medicine. This study was designed to investigate the antioxidant ability of GEB and its antiaging effect on human dermal fibroblast cells (HDF). The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of GEB were 21.8 and 0.43 mg/g dry weight (DW), respectively. The ergothioneine content of GEB was 0.41 mg/mL DW...
November 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843296/evaluating-the-cytotoxic-effects-of-the-water-extracts-of-four-anticancer-herbs-against-human-malignant-melanoma-cells
#14
Binbing Ling, Deborah Michel, Meena Kishore Sakharkar, Jian Yang
Malignant melanoma (MM) is the most dangerous type of skin cancer, killing more than 1,100 people each year in Canada. Prognosis for late stage and recurrent MM is extremely poor due to insensitivity to chemotherapy drugs, and thus many patients seek complementary and alternative medicines. In this study, we examined four commonly used anticancer herbs in traditional Chinese medicine, Hedyotis diffusa, Scutellaria barbata, Lobelia chinensis, and Solanum nigrum, for their in vitro antitumor effects toward human MM cell line A-375...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836499/spatial-modeling-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-iran-from-1983-to-2013
#15
Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Ehsan Mostafavi, Ali Darvishi Boloorani, Mehdi Mohebali, Reza Pakzad
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous Leshmaniasis (CL), a parasitic skin infection caused by Leishmania species, is endemic in some regions of Iran. In this study, the effect of location on the incidence and distribution of CL in Iran was studied. METHODS: We collected datas including the number of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis cases and populations at-risk of disease in Iran's different provinces reported by the Iranian ministry of health and the National Bureau of Statistics, respectively...
November 9, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830986/patient-derived-orthotopic-xenograft-pdox-mouse-model-of-adult-rhabdomyosarcoma-invades-and-recurs-after-resection-in-contrast-to-the-subcutaneous-ectopic-model
#16
Kentaro Igarashi, Kei Kawaguchi, Tasuku Kiyuna, Takashi Murakami, Shinji Miwa, Scott D Nelson, Sarah M Dry, Yunfeng Li, Arun Singh, Hiroaki Kimura, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Fritz C Eilber, Robert M Hoffman
: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare mesenchymal tumor. The aim of the present study was to develop a patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) mouse model of RMS and compare the PDOX model to a subcutaneous (s.c.) transplant model. A patient RMS from a striated muscle was grown orthotopically in the right biceps femoris muscle and right quadriceps muscle of nude mice to establish a PDOX model, as well as under the skin to establish a s.c. MODEL: PDOX tumors grew at statistically-significant faster rate compared to the s...
November 10, 2016: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825616/vandetanib-in-patients-with-previously-treated-ret-rearranged-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-luret-an-open-label-multicentre-phase-2-trial
#17
Kiyotaka Yoh, Takashi Seto, Miyako Satouchi, Makoto Nishio, Noboru Yamamoto, Haruyasu Murakami, Naoyuki Nogami, Shingo Matsumoto, Takashi Kohno, Koji Tsuta, Katsuya Tsuchihara, Genichiro Ishii, Shogo Nomura, Akihiro Sato, Atsushi Ohtsu, Yuichiro Ohe, Koichi Goto
BACKGROUND: RET rearrangements are rare oncogenic alterations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Vandetanib is a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor exhibiting RET kinase activity. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of vandetanib in patients with advanced RET-rearranged NSCLC. METHODS: In this open-label, multicentre, phase 2 trial (LURET), patients with advanced RET-rearranged NSCLC continuously received 300 mg of oral vandetanib daily. RET-positive patients were screened using a nationwide genomic screening network of about 200 participating institutions...
November 4, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824507/effects-of-muller-s-muscle-conjunctival-resection-for-ptosis-on-ocular-surface-scores-and-dry-eye-symptoms
#18
Bruna L Rymer, Diane R Marinho, Cristina Cagliari, Samara B Marafon, Fernando Procianoy
This article evaluates the effects of Muller's muscle-conjunctival resection (MMCR) on ocular surface scores and dry eye symptoms. Forty-six patients were enrolled in the study. Eighteen underwent bilateral upper eyelid skin excision with MMCR and 28 underwent bilateral upper eyelid skin-only excision (control group). The Salisbury Eye Evaluation Questionnaire and an ocular surface evaluation protocol consisting of Schirmer's test, tear break-up time (TBUT), fluorescein and rose bengal corneal staining were performed during the pre-operative consultation and on postoperative days 7, 30, and 90...
November 8, 2016: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824277/novel-bioactive-from-lactobacillus-brevis-dsm17250-to-stimulate-the-growth-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis-a-pilot-study
#19
C Holz, J Benning, M Schaudt, A Heilmann, J Schultchen, D Goelling, C Lang
Commensal skin microbiota plays an important role in both influencing the immune response of the skin and acting as a barrier against colonisation of potentially pathogenic microorganisms and overgrowth of opportunistic pathogens. Staphylococcus epidermidis is a key constituent of the normal microbiota on human skin. It balances the inflammatory response after skin injury and produces antimicrobial molecules that selectively inhibit skin pathogens. Here we describe Lactobacillus brevis DSM17250 that was identified among hundreds of Lactobacillus strains to exhibit an anti-inflammatory effect in human keratinocytes in vitro and specific stimulatory impact on the growth of S...
November 8, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817780/-identification-of-gene-mutation-and-prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-family-with-x-linked-ichthyosis
#20
Ji-Wei Huang, Ning Tang, Wu-Gao Li, Zhe-Tao Li, Shi-Qiang Luo, Jing-Wen Li, Jun Huang, Ti-Zhen Yan
X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is a metabolic disease with steroid sulfatase deficiency and often occurs at birth or shortly after birth. The encoding gene of steroid sulfatase, STS, is located on the short arm of the X chromosome, and STS deletion or mutation can lead to the development of this disease. This study collected the data on the clinical phenotype from a family, and the proband, a boy aged 11 years with full-term vaginal delivery, had dry and rough skin and black-brown scaly patches, mainly in the abdomen and extensor aspect of extremities...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
12327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"