Read by QxMD icon Read

E. coli Nissle

Trudy M Wassenaar
A century ago, Alfred Nissle discovered that intentional intake of particular strains of Escherichia coli could treat patients suffering from infectious diseases. Since then, one of these strains became the most frequently used probiotic E. coli in research and was applied to a variety of human conditions. Here, properties of that E. coli Nissle 1917 strain are compared with other commercially available E. coli probiotic strains, with emphasis on their human applications. A literature search formed the basis of a summary of research findings reported for the probiotics Mutaflor, Symbioflor 2, and Colinfant...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
Hengameh C Mirsepasi-Lauridsen, Sofie Ingdam Halkjaer, Esben Munk Mortensen, Magnus C Lydolph, Inge Nordgaard-Lassen, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Andreas Munk Petersen
E. coli of the phylogenetic group B2 harbouring Extra intestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) genes are frequently seen as colonizers of the intestine in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study, we describe the influence of E. coli Nissle (EcN) B2 as add-on treatment to conventional therapies in patients with active UC. For this study one hundred active UC patients were randomized to ciprofloxacin or placebo for 1 week followed by EcN or placebo for 7 weeks. Stool samples were collected at weeks 0, 1, 8, 12, where E...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ulrich Sonnenborn
Among the gram-negative microorganisms with probiotic properties, Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 (briefly EcN) is probably the most intensively investigated bacterial strain today. Since nearly 100 years, the EcN strain is used as the active pharmaceutical ingredient in a licensed medicinal product that is distributed in Germany and several other countries. Over the last few decades, novel probiotic activities have been detected, which taken together are specific of this versatile E. coli strain. This review gives a short overview on the discovery and history of the EcN strain...
October 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Christian Weyler, Elmar Heinzle
We used a recombinant, permeabilized E. coli Nissle strain harbouring the plu3263 gene cluster from Photorhabdus luminescens for the synthesis of luminmide type cyclic pentapeptides belonging to the class of nonribosomally biosynthesized peptides (NRP). Cells could be fully permeabilized using 1 % v/v toluene. Synthesis of luminmides was increased fivefold when 0.3 mM EDTA was added to the substrate mixture acting as an inhibitor of metal proteases. Luminmide formation was studied applying different amino acid concentrations...
August 20, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
María-Alexandra Cañas, Rosa Giménez, María-José Fábrega, Lorena Toloza, Laura Baldomà, Josefa Badia
Interactions between intestinal microbiota and the human host are complex. The gut mucosal surface is covered by a mucin layer that prevents bacteria from accessing the epithelial cells. Thus, the crosstalk between microbiota and the host mainly rely on secreted factors that can go through the mucus layer and reach the epithelium. In this context, vesicles released by commensal strains are seen as key players in signaling processes in the intestinal mucosa. Studies with Gram-negative pathogens showed that outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) are internalized into the host cell by endocytosis, but the entry mechanism for microbiota-derived vesicles is unknown...
2016: PloS One
Roman Kotłowski
Patients with Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis infected with Adherent-Invasive Escherichia coli strains constitute the largest group among Inflammatory Bowel Disease subjects, when taking into account all known etiological agents of the disease. A possible link between these pathogenic bacteria and inflammation process has gained the confidence in recently published papers. Observed enteric neuroglial cells apoptosis and epithelial gaps of ileum are probably the key manifestations of inflammation, which has been shown in IBD patients in contrary to the samples taken from healthy individuals...
August 2016: Medical Hypotheses
Elina Manzhalii, Daniel Hornuss, Wolfgang Stremmel
AIM: To evaluate the effect of oral Escherichia coli (E. coli) Nissle application on the outcome of intestinal-borne dermatoses. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled, non-blinded prospective clinical trial 82 patients with intestinal-borne facial dermatoses characterized by an erythematous papular-pustular rash were screened. At the initiation visit 37 patients entered the experimental arm and 20 patients constituted the control arm. All 57 patients were treated with a vegetarian diet and conventional topical therapy of the dermatoses with ointments containing tetracycline, steroids and retinoids...
June 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Harshana Sabharwal, Christoph Cichon, Tobias A Ölschläger, Ulrich Sonnenborn, M Alexander Schmidt
Bacterium-host interactions in the gut proceed via directly contacted epithelial cells, the host's immune system, and a plethora of bacterial factors. Here we characterized and compared exemplary cytokine and microRNA (miRNA) responses of human epithelial and THP-1 cells toward the prototype enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) strain E2348/69 (O127:H6) and the probiotic strain Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) (O6:K5:H1). Human T84 and THP-1 cells were used as cell culture-based model systems for epithelial and monocytic cells...
September 2016: Infection and Immunity
María José Fábrega, Laura Aguilera, Rosa Giménez, Encarna Varela, María Alexandra Cañas, María Antolín, Josefa Badía, Laura Baldomà
The influence of microbiota in human health is well-known. Imbalances in microbiome structure have been linked to several diseases. Modulation of microbiota composition through probiotic therapy is an attempt to harness the beneficial effects of commensal microbiota. Although, there is wide knowledge of the responses induced by gut microbiota, the microbial factors that mediate these effects are not well-known. Gram-negative bacteria release outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) as a secretion mechanism of microbial factors, which have an important role in intercellular communication...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Anice Sabag-Daigle, Henry M Blunk, Juan F Gonzalez, Brandi L Steidley, Prosper N Boyaka, Brian M M Ahmer
Salmonella enterica is among the most burdensome of foodborne disease agents. There are over 2,600 serovars that cause a range of disease manifestations ranging from enterocolitis to typhoid fever. While there are two vaccines in use in humans to protect against typhoid fever, there are none that prevent enterocolitis. If vaccines preventing enterocolitis were to be developed, they would likely protect against only one or a few serovars. In this report, we tested the hypothesis that probiotic organisms could compete for the preferred nutrient sources of Salmonella and thus prevent or treat infection...
July 2016: Infection and Immunity
Lauranne A A P Derikx, Levinus A Dieleman, Frank Hoentjen
The intestinal microbiota is one of the key players in the etiology of ulcerative colitis. Manipulation of this microflora with probiotics and prebiotics is an attractive strategy in the management of ulcerative colitis. Several intervention studies for both the induction and maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis patients have been performed. Most of these studies evaluated VSL#3 or E. Coli Nissle 1917 and in general there is evidence for efficacy of these agents for induction and maintenance of remission...
February 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Hengameh Chloé Mirsepasi-Lauridsen, Zhengyu Du, Carsten Struve, Godefroid Charbon, Jurgen Karczewski, Karen Angeliki Krogfelt, Andreas Munk Petersen, Jerry M Wells
OBJECTIVES: The potential of Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients to damage the integrity of the intestinal epithelium was investigated. METHODS: E. coli strains isolated from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and healthy controls were tested for virulence capacity by molecular techniques and cytotoxic assays and transepithelial electric resistance (TER). E. coli isolate p19A was selected, and deletion mutants were created for alpha-hemolysin (α-hemolysin) (hly) clusters and cytotoxic necrotizing factor type 1 (cnf1)...
2016: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Panos Lehouritis, Michael Stanton, Florence O McCarthy, Matthieu Jeavons, Mark Tangney
Some chemotherapeutic drugs (prodrugs) require activation by an enzyme for efficacy. We and others have demonstrated the ability of probiotic bacteria to grow specifically within solid tumours following systemic administration, and we hypothesised that the natural enzymatic activity of these tumour-localised bacteria may be suitable for activation of certain such chemotherapeutic drugs. Several wild-type probiotic bacteria; Escherichia coli Nissle, Bifidobacterium breve, Lactococcus lactis and Lactobacillus species, were screened against a panel of popular prodrugs...
January 28, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Amir H Faghihi, Shahram Agah, Mohsen Masoudi, Seyed M S Ghafoori, Abbas Eshraghi
AIM: to evaluate potential improvement effect for probiotic E. coliNissle 1917 in the management of refractory IBS in an Iranian population. METHODS: a double blind placebo controlled approach has been used in the current clinical trial. 139 confirmed IBS patients were included into the study, and were given probiotic E.coli Nissle 1917 for 6 weeks. 11 items Birmingham IBS Symptom Questionnairehas been used for evaluation of changes in the symptoms every 2 weeks...
July 2015: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Stina Rikke Jensen, Hengameh Chloé Mirsepasi-Lauridsen, Anna Hammerich Thysen, Jørn Brynskov, Karen A Krogfelt, Andreas Munk Petersen, Anders Elm Pedersen, Susanne Brix
Escherichia coli (E. coli) may be implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), as implied from a higher prevalence of mucosa-associated E. coli in the gut of IBD-affected individuals. However, it is unclear whether different non-diarrheagenic E. coli spp. segregate from each other in their ability to promote intestinal inflammation. Herein we compared the inflammation-inducing properties of non-diarrheagenic LF82, 691-04A, E. coli Nissle 1917 (ECN) and eleven new intestinal isolates from different locations in five IBD patients and one healthy control...
December 2015: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
Timo Langemann, Ulrike Beate Mayr, Andrea Meitz, Werner Lubitz, Christoph Herwig
Flow cytometry (FCM) is a tool for the analysis of single-cell properties in a cell suspension. In this contribution, we present an improved FCM method for the assessment of E-lysis in Enterobacteriaceae. The result of the E-lysis process is empty bacterial envelopes-called bacterial ghosts (BGs)-that constitute potential products in the pharmaceutical field. BGs have reduced light scattering properties when compared with intact cells. In combination with viability information obtained from staining samples with the membrane potential-sensitive fluorescent dye bis-(1,3-dibutylarbituric acid) trimethine oxonol (DiBAC4(3)), the presented method allows to differentiate between populations of viable cells, dead cells, and BGs...
January 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Mitra Amiri-Jami, Ahmed Ghamry Abdelhamid, Mahmoud Hazaa, Yukio Kakuda, Mansel W Griffths
Omega-3 fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have beneficial effects on human health. The probiotic bacterium Escherichia coli Nissle is unable to produce either EPA or DHA. Escherichia coli Nissle was transformed with the pfBS-PS plasmid carrying the EPA/DHA gene cluster, previously isolated from a marine bacterium. The transgenic E. coli Nissle produced EPA when grown at 10ºC (16.52 ± 1.4 mg g(-1) cell dry weight), 15ºC (31.36 ± 0.25 mg g(-1) cell dry weight), 20ºC (13...
October 2015: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Tal Danino, Arthur Prindle, Gabriel A Kwong, Matthew Skalak, Howard Li, Kaitlin Allen, Jeff Hasty, Sangeeta N Bhatia
Rapid advances in the forward engineering of genetic circuitry in living cells has positioned synthetic biology as a potential means to solve numerous biomedical problems, including disease diagnosis and therapy. One challenge in exploiting synthetic biology for translational applications is to engineer microbes that are well tolerated by patients and seamlessly integrate with existing clinical methods. We use the safe and widely used probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 to develop an orally administered diagnostic that can noninvasively indicate the presence of liver metastasis by producing easily detectable signals in urine...
May 27, 2015: Science Translational Medicine
Katharina Bratz, Greta Gölz, Pawel Janczyk, Karsten Nöckler, Thomas Alter
Campylobacter (C.) spp. are well recognised as the leading cause of bacterial food-borne diarrheal disease worldwide, with C. jejuni and C. coli as the most important species: C. coli is highly abundant in pigs and pork meat has often been implicated as a source for human infection. Intestinal colonisation of C. coli in pigs plays a role in carcass contamination during slaughter. Different pre-harvest intervention measures are proposed to reduce the C. coli burden in the porcine intestine. Among others, the use of probiotics to prevent or reduce the colonisation of intestinal pathogens is discussed...
March 2015: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Trine Eker Christoffersen, Lene Therese Olsen Hult, Henriette Solberg, Anne Bakke, Katarzyna Kuczkowska, Eirin Huseby, Morten Jacobsen, Tor Lea, Charlotte Ramstad Kleiveland
Dietary inclusions of a bacterial meal consisting mainly of the non-commensal, methanotrophic bacteria Methylococcus capsulatus Bath have been shown to ameliorate symptoms of intestinal inflammation in different animal models. In order to investigate the molecular mechanisms causing these effects, we have studied the influence of this strain on different immune cells central for the regulation of inflammatory responses. Effects were compared to those induced by the closely related strain M. capsulatus Texas and the well-described probiotic strain Escherichia coli Nissle 1917...
August 2015: Molecular Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"