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Steven L Sayers, Frances K Barg, Shahrzad Mavandadi, Tanya H Hess, Andreea Crauciuc
This concurrent embedded mixed methods study explored important aspects of communication occurring between military service members and their intimate partners during a combat deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. Fifty-eight participants (32 military veterans and 26 non-veteran partners) participated in an interview using standardized self-report measures assessing the current level of relationship satisfaction, trauma symptoms of the veteran, and the veterans' trauma exposure. Participants also participated in a semistructured interview focused on combat deployment and reintegration experiences...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Derek A Kreager, Candace Kruttschnitt
Inmate social organization was once a central area within criminology that stalled just as incarceration rates dramatically climbed. In this review, we return to seminal works on this topic before summarizing the changes that mass incarceration wrought in correctional contexts and the potential impacts of these changes for inmate society. We then review the few recent studies that document contemporary inmate social life and call for increased researcher-practitioner partnerships that embed criminologists within carceral settings...
2018: Annu Rev Criminol
Anastasia Vlachou, Panayiota Stavroussi, Olga Roka, Evdokia Vasilou, Dimitra Papadimitriou, Chiara Scaratti, Asel Kadyrbaeva, Klemens Fheodoroff, Valentina Brecelj, Olga Svestkova, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Jon Erik Finnvold, Sonja Gruber, Matilde Leonardi
The increasing prevalence of chronic diseases among the European working age population, as well as the implications for the individual and societal level, underline the need for policy guidelines targeting the effective inclusion of persons with chronic diseases in the workplace. The aim of the present paper was to explore the perspectives of European and National-level stakeholders on existing strategies for work re-integration of persons with chronic diseases, and to provide policy guidelines. A highly-structured interview protocol was distributed to 58 National level stakeholders (policy makers, professionals and employers) from seven European countries...
March 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Marcel Riehle, Tania M Lincoln
People with schizophrenia show marked reductions in their emotional expressiveness, generally known as blunted affect. In this study, we tested whether interaction partners would evaluate community-dwelling participants with schizophrenia less favorably than healthy controls and whether this difference would be explained by reduced smiling behavior related to schizophrenia. We also tested whether deficient affect recognition would predict reduced smiling. We created 3 study groups, consisting of 28 participants each, participants with schizophrenia (SZ), healthy controls (HC), and naive healthy interaction partners (IP)...
February 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Claudia Pelosi, Giuseppe Capobianco, Giorgia Agresti, Giuseppe Bonifazi, Fabio Morresi, Sara Rossi, Ulderico Santamaria, Silvia Serranti
The aim of this work is to investigate the stability to simulated solar radiation of some paintings samples through a new methodological approach adopting non-invasive spectroscopic techniques. In particular, commercial watercolours and iron oxide based pigments were used, these last ones being prepared for the experimental by gum Arabic in order to propose a possible substitute for traditional reintegration materials. Reflectance spectrophotometry in the visible range and Hyperspectral Imaging in the short wave infrared were chosen as non-invasive techniques for evaluation the stability to irradiation of the chosen pigments...
March 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Chao Wang, Paul Rapp, David Darmon, Amy Trongnetrpunya, Michelle E Costanzo, Dominic E Nathan, Christopher J Cellucci, Michael J Roy, David Keyser
Military service members (SMs) returning from combat are at high risk of developing neuropsychiatric conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression. Symptom dynamics following reintegration into civilian life may be magnified over time such that some SMs present with delayed onset and may not reach a diagnostic threshold for months to years. Monitoring the trajectory of mental health in the aftermath of combat trauma can therefore be particularly important in enhancing diagnosis...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Suzanne Perea Burns, Jaclyn Schwartz, Shannon Scott, Hannes Devos, Mark Kovic, Ickpyo Hong, Abiodun Akinwuntan
Adults with mild stroke face substantial challenges resuming valued roles in the community. The term "mild" provides false representation of the lived experience for many adults with mild stroke who may continue to experience persistent challenges and unmet needs. Rehabilitation practitioners can identify and consequently intervene to facilitate improved independence, participation, and quality of life by facilitating function and reducing the burden of lost abilities among adults with mild stroke...
March 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Chivon H Fitch, Zavin Nazaretian, Devon Himmel
BACKGROUND: Since Braithwaite advanced reintegrative shaming theory about 25 years ago, the theory has almost invariably been retested only in relation to predatory offending. Few studies have tested the relevance of the theory for non-predatory offending. AIM: This study aims to explore the utility of reintegrative shaming theory in explaining non-predatory crimes. Our main research question was: is acknowledgement of shame apportioned by others associated with reduction in non-predatory offending? METHODS: We used zero-inflated negative binomial modelling to analyse data from a national, longitudinal, population-based study of 1,726 adolescents...
March 8, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Yan-Hong Xiao, Lei Wang, Joseph R Hoyt, Ting-Lei Jiang, Ai-Qing Lin, Jiang Feng
<div style="text-align: justify;">Echolocating bats have developed advanced auditory perception systems, predominantly using acoustic signaling to communicate with each other. They can emit a diverse range of social calls in complex behavioral contexts. This study examined the vocal repertoire of five pregnant big-footed myotis bats (Myotis macrodactylus). In the process of clustering, the last individual to return to the colony (LI) emitted social calls that correlated with behavior, as recorded on a PC-based digital recorder...
March 18, 2018: Zoological Research
Tai-Wa Liu, Gabriel Y F Ng, Shamay S M Ng
BACKGROUND: The consequences of falls are devastating for patients with stroke. Balance problems and fear of falling are two major challenges, and recent systematic reviews have revealed that habitual physical exercise training alone cannot reduce the occurrence of falls in stroke survivors. However, recent trials with community-dwelling healthy older adults yielded the promising result that interventions with a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) component can simultaneously promote balance and reduce the fear of falling...
March 7, 2018: Trials
Alexandru-Dan Sabău, Noor Hassan, Cătălin Gabriel Smarandache, Alin Miheţiu, Ștefan Ţîţu, Dan Sabău
PURPOSE: An original technique using laparoscopic instruments in a gastric endocavitary work chamber with potential for esophagus, stomach and D1 vizualisation. The main purpose of laparagastroscopy is to improve the quality of life of the patient disabling by the esophageal tumor. This method has several advantages: providing physiological feeding, harvesting materials for histopathological examination, solving eso-tracheal fistulas concurrently with the proposed operation and hemostatic role through compression, low energy and plastic consumption, rapid socio-economic reintegration, mental psychological care of the patient...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Mollie Gordon, Temilola Salami, John Coverdale, Phuong T Nguyen
Human trafficking is an outrageous human rights violation with potentially devastating consequences to individuals and the public health. Victims are often underrecognized and there are few guidelines for how best to identify, care for, and safely reintegrate victims back into the community. The purpose of this paper is to propose a multifaceted, interdisciplinary, and interprofessional guideline for providing care and services to human trafficking victims. Databases such as PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for papers outlining human trafficking programs with a primary psychiatric focus...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Muna Bhattarai, Khomapak Maneewat, Wipa Sae-Sia
BACKGROUND: One of many types of injuries following an earthquake is spinal cord injury (SCI) which is a life-long medically complex injury and high-cost health problem. Despite several negative consequences, some persons with SCI are resilient enough to achieve positive adjustment, greater acceptance, and better quality of life. Since resilience is influenced by several factors and can vary by context, it is beneficial to explore factors that affect the resilience of people who sustained spinal cord injury from the 2015 earthquake in Nepal...
March 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Kyu Ho Lee, Min Kyun Sohn, Hye Seon Jeong, Hee Jung Song, Jei Kim, Hyon Jo Kwon, Hyeon Song Koh, Sungju Jee
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the number one cause of adulthood disability in Korea. Rehabilitation after stroke can minimize functional disability, enhance recovery toward independence, and optimize community reintegration. The inter-departmental stroke meeting (IDSM) is a potential method to improve rehabilitation outcomes in patients with stroke. We aimed to analyze the effect of IDSM on rehabilitation after acute ischemic stroke management. METHODS: Medical records of 753 patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the neurology department of our medical center between January and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Eric C Meyer, Sheila B Frankfurt, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morrisette
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) strongly predicts greater disability and lower quality of life (QOL). Mindfulness-based and other third-wave behavior therapy interventions improve well-being by enhancing mindfulness, self-compassion, and psychological flexibility. We hypothesized that these mechanisms of therapeutic change would comprise a single latent factor that would predict disability and QOL after accounting for PTSD symptom severity. METHOD: Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans (N = 117) completed a study of predictors of successful reintegration...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Katrin Bart, Holger Steinberg
This study is the first to provide research on the East-German (GDR) sports physician and neurologist Bernhard Schwarz. It summarises Schwarz's publications from 1953 to 1966 regarding the impact of boxing on health, particularly craniocerebral injury. Also, the study analyses his work in the context of current discussions. It shows that Schwarz, who was a tenured professor and director of the Department of Psychiatry at the University Hospital of Leipzig and the physician of the GDR national boxing team, conducted systematic clinical surveys and pointed to the health impacts of boxing at an early point in time...
February 26, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Bonnie C Carney, Jacqueline P McKesey, Dean S Rosenthal, Jeffrey W Shupp
Dyspigmentation in burn scars can contribute to the development of psychosocial complications after injury and can be detrimental to social reintegration and quality of life for burn survivors. Although treatments for skin lightening to treat hyperpigmentation have been well reviewed in the literature, skin-darkening strategies to treat hypopigmentation have not. The following potential treatment options in the context of burn hypertrophic scar will be discussed: use of the melanocyte-keratinocyte transplantation procedure, use of ectopic synthetic analogues of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone to initiate melanogenesis, and use of FK506 to induce melanogenesis...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Yun-Jung Choi, Hwa-Bok Choi, Meaghan O'Donnell
This study sought to describe the mental health problems experienced by Korean disaster survivors, using a qualitative research method to provide empirical resources for effective disaster mental health support in Korea. Participants were 16 adults or elderly adults who experienced one or more disasters at least 12 months ago recruited via theoretical sampling. Participants underwent in-depth individual interviews on their disaster experiences, which were recorded and transcribed for qualitative analysis, which followed Strauss and Corbin's (1998) Grounded theory...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Susan W Hunter, Courtney Frengopoulos, Jeffrey Holmes, Ricardo Viana, Michael W C Payne
BACKGROUND: The improvement of gait and mobility are major rehabilitation goals following lower extremity amputations. However, when living in the community many daily activities require the multitasking of motor and cognitive tasks. The dual-task paradigm can be used to evaluate the concurrent performance of mobility and cognitive tasks. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of dual-task gait testing in older adults with trans-tibial amputations...
February 13, 2018: Gait & Posture
Olajide Ayinla Olawale, Jibrin Sammani Usman, Kayode Israel Oke, Oladunni Caroline Osundiya
Objectives: Patients with stroke are faced with gait, balance, and fall difficulties which could impact on their community reintegration. In Nigeria, community reintegration after stroke has been understudied. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictors of community reintegration in adult patients with stroke. Materials and Methods: Participants were 91 adult patients with stroke. Gait variables, balance self-efficacy, community balance/mobility, and fall self-efficacy were assessed using Rivermead Mobility Index, Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, Community Balance and Mobility Scale, and Falls Efficacy Scale-International respectively...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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