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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157032/pain-fatigue-function-and-participation-among-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users-partnered-with-a-mobility-service-dog
#1
Claude Vincent, Dany H Gagnon, Frédéric Dumont
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of a mobility service dog (MSD) on pain, fatigue, wheelchair-related functional tasks, participation and satisfaction among manual wheelchair users over a nine-month period. METHOD: A longitudinal study with repeated assessment times before and three, six and nine months after intervention was achieved. Intervention consisted in partnering each participant with a MSD. The setting is a well-established provincial service dog training school and participants homes...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156990/psychological-outcome-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-the-chronic-phase
#2
Karoline Doser, Ingrid Poulsen, Alexander Wuensch, Anne Norup
OBJECTIVES: Young individuals surviving severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently experience a wide range of cognitive, emotional and behavioural consequences. This cross-sectional follow-up study investigated psychological outcome of young survivors in the chronic phase, and whether psychological outcome was associated with improvement of functional abilities during sub-acute admission. METHODS: Patients, who acquired a severe TBI during adolescence or early adulthood (n = 36) and received early intensive rehabilitation, were contacted for follow-up assessment concerning psychological outcome and completed the Adult Self Report 18-59 (ASR18-59)...
November 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147779/the-role-of-ants-in-north-temperate-grasslands-a-review
#3
REVIEW
B D Wills, D A Landis
Historic and current land-use changes have altered the landscape for grassland biota, with over 90% of grasslands and savannas converted to agriculture or some other use in north temperate regions. Reintegrating grasslands into agricultural landscapes can increase biodiversity while also providing valuable ecosystem services. In contrast to their well-known importance in tropical and subtropical ecosystems, the role of ants in temperate grasslands is often underappreciated. As consumers and ecosystem engineers, ants in temperate grasslands influence invertebrate, plant, and soil microbial diversity and potentially alter grassland productivity...
November 16, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145011/preparation-of-morselised-bone-for-impaction-grafting-using-a-blender-method
#4
Mark Ruddy, David P FitzPatrick, Kenneth T Stanton
Impaction bone grafting is a method of restoring bone stock to patients suffering significant bone loss due to revision total hip surgery. The procedure requires morselised bone (MB) to be impacted into the site of bone loss in order to stabilise the prosthesis with the aim of the long term resorption and reintegration of the impacted bone graft. Currently, the method for producing MB requires the use of expensive surgical bone mills or manually-intensive rongeurs that can produce a limited variety of particle sizes and may have a low throughput...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145010/the-use-of-hardened-bone-cement-as-an-impaction-grafting-extender-for-revision-hip-arthroplasty
#5
Mark Ruddy, David P FitzPatrick, Kenneth T Stanton
Impaction bone grafting is a method of restoring bone stock to patients who have suffered significant bone loss due to revision total hip surgery. The procedure requires morsellised cancellous bone (MCB) to be impacted into the site of bone loss in order to stabilise the prosthesis with the aim of long term resorption and reintegration of the impacted bone graft. Due to financial cost and the potential to transmit disease, the use of supplementary material, known as an extender, is frequently used to increase the graft material volume...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144107/safe-return-to-driving-following-severe-acquired-brain-injury-role-of-a-short-neuropsychological-assessment
#6
Donatella Saviola, Antonio DE Tanti, Jessica Conforti, Lucio Posteraro, Alessia Manfredini, Chiara Bagattini, Benedetta Basagni
BACKGROUND: Driving is a complex ability requiring a broad range of motor, cognitive- behavioural and visual skills that may be impaired after severe Acquired Brain Injury (sABI). Resumption of driving is perceived as a major need by patients, being closely linked to personal autonomy, work and social activities. AIM: The objective of this study was to identify a short battery of neuropsychological tests with predictive value with regard to safe return to driving after sABI...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139337/do-people-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-benefit-from-making-errors-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-error-based-and-errorless-learning
#7
Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Robyn Tate, Elizabeth Beadle, Janelle Griffin, Melissa Kendall, Julia Schmidt, Amanda Lane-Brown, Mathilde Chevignard, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND: Errorless learning (ELL) and error-based learning (EBL) are commonly used approaches to rehabilitation for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is unknown whether making errors is beneficial in the learning process to promote skills generalization after severe TBI. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of ELL and EBL for improving skills generalization, self-awareness, behavioral competency, and psychosocial functioning after severe TBI...
November 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139017/short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-in-the-netherlands
#8
Caroline H van Dongen, Paulien H Goossens, Inge E van Zee, Kirsten N Verpoort, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland, Judith M van Velzen
Purpose To describe short-term and long-term work status after a vocational rehabilitation (VR) program in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI) in the Netherlands. Methods Patients with ABI who participated in a VR program between 2007 and 2010 were included in this study. The 4-month VR program included a multidisciplinary assessment, three meetings with all stakeholders and reintegration with coaching on the job. Short-term results at the end of the VR program were based on data extracted from medical records...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132065/common-components-analysis-an-adapted-approach-for-evaluating-programs
#9
Nicole R Morgan, Kelly D Davis, Cameron Richardson, Daniel F Perkins
Common Components Analysis (CCA) summarizes the results of program evaluations that utilize randomized control trials and have demonstrated effectiveness in improving their intended outcome(s) into their key elements. This area of research has integrated and modified the existing CCA approach to provide a means of evaluating components of programs without a solid evidence-base, across a variety of target outcomes. This adapted CCA approach (a) captures a variety of similar program characteristics to increase the quality of the comparison within components; (b) identifies components from four primary areas (i...
October 12, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131826/an-interactive-sports-video-game-as-an-intervention-for-rehabilitation-of-community-living-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-controlled-single-blind-crossover-study
#10
Nobuko Shimizu, Tomohiro Umemura, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takayoshi Hirai
Hypofrontality is a state of decreased cerebral blood flow in the prefrontal cortex during executive function performance; it is commonly observed in patients with schizophrenia. Cognitive dysfunction, as well as the psychological symptoms of schizophrenia, influences the ability of patients to reintegrate into society. The current study investigated the effects of an interactive sports video game (IVG; Nintendo Wii™ Sports Resort) on frontal lobe function of patients with schizophrenia. A sample of eight patients (6 male and 2 female; mean age = 46...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125906/narrative-review-of-the-educational-vocational-and-financial-needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-recommendations-for-support-and-research
#11
Joanna E Fardell, Claire E Wakefield, Pandora Patterson, Alistair Lum, Richard J Cohn, Simon A Pini, Ursula M Sansom Daly
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer have unique needs around education and vocation during and after treatment. This narrative review series aims at documenting the unique needs of AYAs from the current literature and at providing recommendations to inform an update of the Australian National Service Delivery Framework for AYAs with Cancer. AYAs with cancer may experience impairments to cognitive, physical, and psychological functioning and health, which can adversely affect their academic grades, peer relationships, and likelihood of entering the workforce...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120965/exploring-the-views-of-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-on-the-use-of-rollators-a-qualitative-study
#12
Alanna Holz, Amanda Bennett, Amber Freethy, Nadia Rossi, Megan Tanzos, Roger Goldstein, Dina Brooks, Samantha L Harrison
PURPOSE: Although it has been well documented that the progressive exercise limitation associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be helped with an assistive device, such as a rollator, many individuals use it infrequently. This study seeks to explore the views of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease regarding the use of rollators. METHODS: A qualitative study design was used. Twelve individuals with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were recruited from an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program to participate in semistructured interviews...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113569/physical-therapy-rehabilitation-of-an-adolescent-pre-professional-dancer-following-os-trigonum-excision-a-case-report
#13
Alyson Filipa, Kelli Barton
Study Design Case report. Background An os trigonum can be a source of pain for dancers due to impingement during repetitive ankle plantarflexion movements. Following excision of an os trigonum, it is important to have a gradual, progressive return-to-dance program for optimal recovery. The purpose of this case report is to describe the post-operative management and return-to-dance progression of an adolescent dancer status post os trigonum excision. Case Description An adolescent pre-professional female dancer had an extensive history of left posterior heel pain beginning at age eight that led to surgical removal of an os trigonum at age fifteen...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111838/exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-clinical-use-of-virtual-reality-for-post-stroke-unilateral-spatial-neglect-assessment
#14
Tatiana Ogourtsova, Philippe S Archambault, Anouk Lamontagne
BACKGROUND: Hemineglect, defined as a failure to attend to the contralesional side of space, is a prevalent and disabling post-stroke deficit. Conventional hemineglect assessments lack sensitivity as they contain mainly non-functional tasks performed in near-extrapersonal space, using static, two-dimensional methods. This is of concern given that hemineglect is a strong predictor for functional deterioration, limited post-stroke recovery, and difficulty in community reintegration. With the emerging field of virtual reality, several virtual tools have been proposed and have reported better sensitivity in neglect-related deficits detection than conventional methods...
November 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104608/modelling-risk-to-us-military-populations-from-stopping-blanket-mandatory-polio-vaccination
#15
Colleen Burgess, Andrew Burgess, Kellie McMullen
Objectives: Transmission of polio poses a threat to military forces when deploying to regions where such viruses are endemic. US-born soldiers generally enter service with immunity resulting from childhood immunization against polio; moreover, new recruits are routinely vaccinated with inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), supplemented based upon deployment circumstances. Given residual protection from childhood vaccination, risk-based vaccination may sufficiently protect troops from polio transmission...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098744/work-stressors-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-among-us-navy-members-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-modelling-approach-across-deployment
#16
Adrian J Bravo, Michelle L Kelley, Cindy M Swinkels, Christi S Ulmer
The present study examined whether work stressors contribute to sleep problems and depressive symptoms over the course of deployment (i.e. pre-deployment, post-deployment and 6-month reintegration) among US Navy members. Specifically, we examined whether depressive symptoms or sleep quality mediate the relationships between work stressors and these outcomes. Participants were 101 US Navy members who experienced an 8-month deployment after Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom. Using piecewise latent growth models, we found that increased work stressors were linked to increased depressive symptoms and decreased sleep quality across all three deployment stages...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097180/student-veterans-reintegrating-from-the-military-to-the-university-with-traumatic-injuries-how-does-service-use-relate-to-health-status
#17
Christine A Elnitsky, Cara Blevins, Jan Warren Findlow, Tabitha Alverio, Dennis Wiese
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of campus services on the health of veterans with traumatic injuries and comorbidities as they return from military service and enter college. DESIGN: Cross-sectional internet survey using a mixed-methods analysis approach. SETTING: A four-year urban research university in the southeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a survey of 127 veterans returning from active military duty...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097179/long-term-social-reintegration-outcomes-for-burn-survivors-with-and-without-peer-support-attendance-a-life-impact-burn-recovery-evaluation-libre-study
#18
Brian Grieve, Gabriel D Shapiro, Lucy Wibbenmeyer, Amy Acton, Austin Lee, Molly Marino, Alan Jette, Jeffrey C Schneider, Lewis E Kazis, Colleen M Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in long-term social reintegration outcomes for burn survivors with and without peer support attendence. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Community-dwelling burn survivors. PARTICIPANTS: Burn survivors (N = 601) aged ≥18 years with injuries to ≥5% total body surface area or burns to critical areas (hands, feet, face, or genitals). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092990/multiple-limb-salvage-attempts-for-diabetic-foot-infections-is-it-worth-it
#19
C C Hong, J H Tan, S H Lim, A Nather
AIMS: Limb salvage for diabetic foot infections often require multiple procedures. Some patients will eventually end up with below knee amputation (BKA) when all limb salvage attempts fail. We seek to study the patients' ability to return to normal life, functional status, prosthesis usage and perspectives on multiple limb salvage procedures that culminated in BKA to review if they would undertake a similar path if their situation was repeated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 41 patients who underwent BKA between July 2011 and June 2013 were reviewed...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063800/the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-web-based-programme-to-support-problem-solving-skills-following-brain-injury
#20
Laurie Ehlhardt Powell, Michelle R Wild, Ann Glang, Summer Ibarra, Jeff M Gau, Amanda Perez, Richard W Albin, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Shari L Wade, Tom Keating, Carolyn Saraceno, Jody Slocumb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cognitive impairments following brain injury, including difficulty with problem solving, can pose significant barriers to successful community reintegration. Problem-solving strategy training is well-supported in the cognitive rehabilitation literature. However, limitations in insurance reimbursement have resulted in fewer services to train such skills to mastery and to support generalization of those skills into everyday environments. The purpose of this project was to develop and evaluate an integrated, web-based programme, ProSolv, which uses a small number of coaching sessions to support problem solving in everyday life following brain injury...
October 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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