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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335013/fit-for-function-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Julie Richardson, Ada Tang, Gordon Guyatt, Lehana Thabane, Feng Xie, Demetrios Sahlas, Robert Hart, Rebecca Fleck, Genevieve Hladysh, Louise Macrae
BACKGROUND: The current state of evidence suggests that community-based exercise programs are beneficial in improving impairment, function, and health status, and are greatly needed for persons with stroke. However, limitations of these studies include risk of bias, feasibility, and cost issues. METHODS/DESIGN: This single-blinded, randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 216 participants with stroke will compare the effectiveness of a 12-week YMCA community-based wellness program (FIT for FUNCTION) specifically designed for community-dwelling persons with stroke to persons who receive a standard YMCA membership...
January 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334324/the-rite-of-passage-of-becoming-a-humanitarian-health-worker-experiences-of-retention-in-sweden
#2
Sara Albuquerque, Anneli Eriksson, Helle M Alvesson
BACKGROUND: Low retention of humanitarian workers poses constraints on humanitarian organisations' capacity to respond effectively to disasters. Research has focused on reasons for humanitarian workers leaving the sector, but little is known about the factors that can elucidate long-term commitment. OBJECTIVE: To understand what motivates and supports experienced humanitarian health workers to remain in the sector. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 experienced nurses who had been on at least three field missions with Médecins Sans Frontières Sweden...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317299/use-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-reintegration-to-normal-living-index-in-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Natacha Bourget, Anne Deblock-Bellamy, Andreanne K Blanchette, Charles Sebiyo Batcho
BACKGROUND: Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNLI) is a generic 11-item questionnaire-based instrument that measures the degree to which individuals achieve reintegration to normal social activities. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to provide an overview of the use of this questionnaire in rehabilitation (objective 1) and to analyse its psychometric properties (objective 2). METHODS: We searched the literature in 4 electronic databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase, CINAHL and Web of Science) for articles published in English or French between 1988 and 2017...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317222/do-performance-measures-of-strength-balance-and-mobility-predict-quality-of-life-and-community-reintegration-after-stroke
#4
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal Study SETTING: University Laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults recruited within one month following discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Inclusion criteria were: major unilateral hemispheric stroke, English speaking, able to communicate, discharged home...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295023/gender-specific-risk-factors-for-psychopathology-and-reduced-functioning-in-a-post-9-11-veteran-sample
#5
Arielle A J Scoglio, Steven D Shirk, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza, Carolyn M Mazure, Crystal L Park, Sherry A McKee, Elizabeth A Porter, Shane W Kraus
U.S. combat veterans frequently encounter challenges after returning from deployment, and these challenges may lead to difficulties in psychological and social functioning. Currently, research is limited on gender-related differences within this population, despite female veterans comprising a growing portion of the U.S. military with roles and exposures similar to their male counterparts. Using secondary analysis, we examined 283 returning combat veterans (female = 29.4%) for differences in psychopathology and trauma history...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294714/intimate-partner-violence-among-female-oef-oif-ond-veterans-who-were-evaluated-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-veterans-health-administration-a-preliminary-investigation
#6
Katherine M Iverson, Nina A Sayer, Mark Meterko, Kelly Stolzmann, Pradeep Suri, Katelyn Gormley, Marjorie Nealon Seibert, Kun Yan, Terri K Pogoda
Many female veterans have deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND), and some experience traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although TBI is increasingly recognized as an important health issue for female OEF/OIF/OND veterans, there is little attention to stressful experiences that may exacerbate health problems or hinder recovery among veterans who may have experienced TBI. Lifetime intimate partner violence (IPV) is common among general samples of female veterans...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291381/custom-fabrication-of-a-3-dimensionally-printed-helmet-for-improved-socialization-and-subjective-self-assessment-in-a-case-of-acquired-cranial-defect-a-case-presentation
#7
Cesar Colasante, Zachary Sanford, Nileyma Castro, Matthew Bartels
Traumatic injury and subsequent residual cosmetic deformity are subject of intense scrutiny for their effects on objective health measures assessing patient morbidity and mortality. Although these remain principal concerns of all members of the treatment team, of less immediate yet lasting importance to the patient are the social costs of such disfigurement. Subjective feelings of unease and embarrassment can hinder social reintegration and encourage deteriorating psychosocial health. The following presents a case of one such individual who sustained traumatic brain injury and associated pneumocephalus and osteomyelitis requiring surgical debridement with bifrontal craniectomy and lobotomy...
December 29, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288252/characteristics-of-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-who-drive-in-malaysia-and-its-barriers-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Richard Chee Houw Lee, Nazirah Hasnan, Julia Patrick Engkasan
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, characteristics of and barriers to driving among persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: SCI Rehabilitation Clinic, University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC). METHODS: This is a questionnaire-based study on persons with SCI who attended the UMMC SCI Rehabilitation Clinic between June 2015 and November 2016. The questionnaire comprised demographic data, clinical characteristics, driving variables, Spinal Cord Independence Measure III, WHOQOL-BREF, and Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique Short Form...
December 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284994/the-role-of-dual-tasking-in-the-assessment-of-gait-cognition-and-community-reintegration-of-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Azadeh Leland, Kamran Tavakol, Joel Scholten, Debra Mathis, David Maron, Simin Bakhshi
Background: This study focussed on the effect of dual versus single tasking on balance, gait and cognition in veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We examined the correlation between these parameters, with responses to questions on community reintegration activities. Method: 22 male and female veterans (aged 19-65) walked along a narrow and 6.1-meter long path, both at their self-selected and fastest but safe pace under single and dual tasking conditions...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283982/stigma-of-psychiatric-diseases-and-psychiatry
#10
Alma Bravo-Mehmedbašić, Sabina Kučukalić
The aim of this review is evaluate stigma seen among people suffering from psychiatric disorders. We will show the negative effects of stigma on psychiatric services and evaluate the importance of continiuous anti-stigma programs. It is encouraging that new anit-stigma programmes are developed. The aim of this program is the restoration of dignity to patients and institutions. Media play an important role in shaping the view of an average person on psychiatric patients and most programms use media as a mediator to promote a positive attitude to psychiatric disorders...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282234/validation-of-crafft-for-use-in-youth-correctional-institutions-in-lagos-nigeria
#11
Bolanle Ola, Olayinka Atilola
Substance-related disorders (SRD) are common psychiatric morbidities among adolescents within youth correctional systems. Identification and treatment of SRDs is critical for successful reformation and reintegration. Lack of simple, structured, valid, brief screening instruments that can be easily administered and scored by lay workers militates against screening for SRDs. We present the results of the reliability and concurrent validity of the CRAFFT (acronym for Car, Relax, Alone, Forget, Friends, and Trouble) substance abuse screening instrument among residents of youth correctional facilities in Lagos, Nigeria...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281138/women-survivors-and-their-children-born-of-wartime-sexual-violence-in-northern-uganda
#12
Teddy Atim, Dyan Mazurana, Anastasia Marshak
Girls and women who bear children owing to wartime sexual violence committed by armed actors face challenges in gaining acceptance on return to their families and societies. This study analyses the lives of women survivors and their children born of wartime sexual violence in Uganda. It draws on a population-based survey of 1,844 households in the Acholi and Lango sub-regions of northern Uganda, as well as on in-depth qualitative interviews conducted in 2014 and 2015 with 67 purposefully selected women survivors of wartime sexual violence...
January 2018: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278265/in-search-of-real-circumcision-ritual-failure-and-circumcision-in-paul
#13
Peter-Ben Smit
This article applies the theoretical framework of 'ritual failure', a sub-discipline of ritual criticism, to Paul's discussion of circumcision in his letter to the Galatians, Philippians and Romans. It is argued that the application of this theoretical perspective clarifies the dynamics at stake and provides a new way of understanding the development in Paul's position regarding circumcision. There is movement from an attitude of strong propagation, by way of indifference and a subsequent attitude of rejection, to one of modified reintegration into Paul's thinking...
September 2017: J Study New Testam
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236810/the-saga-of-psychoanalysis-in-eastern-europe-repression-and-rebirth-in-hungary-and-in-former-czechoslovakia-and-yugoslavia
#14
Judit Mészáros
The paper shortly presents the early roles of Budapest, Prague, and Belgrade in the development of psychoanalytic movement in Central-Europe before the Second World War. Mapping this historical heritage, it suggests how psychoanalysts of former Soviet Bloc countries could restore their own psychoanalytic communities. The study investigates the consequences of these dictatorial and authoritarian regimes for psychoanalysis and for psychoanalysts focusing on similarities and differences in Hungary, in former Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia...
November 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234276/functional-reintegration-of-sensory-neurons-and-transitional-dendritic-reduction-of-mitral-tufted-cells-during-injury-induced-recovery-of-the-larval-xenopus-olfactory-circuit
#15
Sara J Hawkins, Lukas Weiss, Thomas Offner, Katarina Dittrich, Thomas Hassenklöver, Ivan Manzini
Understanding the mechanisms involved in maintaining lifelong neurogenesis has a clear biological and clinical interest. In the present study, we performed olfactory nerve transection on larval Xenopus to induce severe damage to the olfactory circuitry. We surveyed the timing of the degeneration, subsequent rewiring and functional regeneration of the olfactory system following injury. A range of structural labeling techniques and functional calcium imaging were performed on both tissue slices and whole brain preparations...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232751/-prosthetics-and-orthotics-prosthetic-fitting-in-lower-extremity-in-transfemoral-amputation
#16
Bernhard Greitemann
Modern prosthetic equipment often enables reintegration of patients with the amputation of a lower limb into their private life, their professional and social environment to a large extent. Provisioning of the lower extremity with artificial limbs aims at a life as normal as possible for the involved individual. The modules are selected in an interdisciplinary team. An optimal fitting of the socket, the correct static set-up, the appropriate fitting as well as cosmetic aspects are the essential basis for a sufficient provisioning...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216666/-cardiac-rehabilitation
#17
Bernhard Schwaab
Physical training, psychosocial intervention, nutrition counselling and optimisation of secondary preventive medication to reduce morbidity and mortality of the disease as well as the reintegration into social life and return to work are equivalent goals of cardiac rehabilitation. This requires multifactorial intervention by a multidisciplinary team. In Germany, cardiac rehabilitation starting early after an index event could demonstrate a significant reduction of total mortality, myocardial infarction and hospitalisation during a follow-up of 1-2 years in 5 controlled cohort studies including 12 556 patients after myocardial infarction and CABG surgery...
December 7, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214940/-school-attendance-of-children-with-mental-health-problems
#18
Michael Kölch, Daria Nolkemper
School Attendance of Children with Mental Health Problems School can support a child's resilience as well as be a risk to the child's mental health. However school is an indicator of social participation, an aspect that flourished especially in the debate about inclusion. In this paper assistance opportunities are being discussed that are established to support children with a psychological disease in school. Three of the different concepts of funding priorities for special educational needs in the German system will be presented: "Förderschwerpunkt emotionale und soziale Entwicklung" (special needs in emotional and social development), "besonderer Förderbedarf "(special needs) and "Schulbegleitung" (school assistants)...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196644/adaptive-laboratory-evolution-of-corynebacterium-glutamicum-towards-higher-growth-rates-on-glucose-minimal-medium
#19
Eugen Pfeifer, Cornelia Gätgens, Tino Polen, Julia Frunzke
In this work, we performed a comparative adaptive laboratory evolution experiment of the important biotechnological platform strain Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 and its prophage-free variant MB001 towards improved growth rates on glucose minimal medium. Both strains displayed a comparable adaptation behavior and no significant differences in genomic rearrangements and mutation frequencies. Remarkably, a significant fitness leap by about 20% was observed for both strains already after 100 generations...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194693/the-development-and-implementation-of-a-multi-couple-therapy-model-with-torture-survivors-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#20
Erin Morgan, Elizabeth Wieling, John Hubbard, Elsa Kraus
In this article, we present development and feasibility of implementation of a multi-couple group for use with torture-surviving couples. The model was developed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in a community that experienced widespread torture during the wars from 1998 to 2004. The Torture-Surviving Couple Group model is a short-term intervention designed to use few human resources to address relational difficulties resulting from exposure to traumatic stressors. The model was guided by critical and feminist epistemologies and employed an ecological lens to incorporate neurobiology and attachment processes along with narrative therapy techniques...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
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