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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#1
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774801/therapists-perspectives-on-adapting-the-stepping-on-falls-prevention-programme-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore
#2
Tianma Xu, Kate O'loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Gerald Koh, Catherine Dean
PURPOSE: This study investigates the perspectives of rehabilitation therapists on the implementation of fall prevention programmes with community-dwelling stroke survivors in the Singapore context, and elicits recommendations to adapt the Stepping On programme with stroke survivors. METHOD: Qualitative data were elicited during 4 focus groups with 23 rehabilitation therapists (15 occupational therapists [OTs]; 8 physiotherapists [PTs]) who had received training to deliver the original Stepping On programme, and had experienced delivery of fall-prevention intervention programmes locally...
May 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771842/perceived-esthetic-outcomes-of-face-transplantation-a-survey-of-the-general-public
#3
Alessandra E Cabrera, Laura L Kimberly, Rami S Kantar, Elisa K Atamian, Amit K Manjunath, Lauren K Rangel, Michelle W McQuinn, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Facial transplantation (FT) has attracted the interest of individuals with facial disfigurement as a path to social reintegration. The perception among face transplant recipients and the reconstructive surgery community appears to be that superior functional and esthetic outcomes can be obtained with FT compared to autologous reconstruction (AR). Although lifelong immunosuppression adds well-known risks to FT, its benefits have proven difficult to quantify, especially because of its non-life-saving nature. Evidence that the general public perceives facial allograft recipients as less disfigured than AR patients may dramatically alter the currently accepted risk/benefit ratio of this novel procedure...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764177/solidarity-and-compassion-prisoners-as-hospice-volunteers-in-poland
#4
Piotr Krakowiak, Renata Deka, Anna Janowicz
Democracy in Eastern Europe arrived after a long fight with a communist regime, and the activities of medical volunteers have been developing in opposition to the existing then in Poland mentality called Homo Sovieticus. From 1981 onwards the Polish Hospice Movement there was inspired by practitioners and international experiences brought by visits of Dr. Cicely Saunders. The history of modern end-of-life care in Poland was connected to caring communities, which could be called compassionate, because of the volunteering of all hospice team members...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760813/protective-and-restorative-effects-of-nutrients-and-phytochemicals
#5
REVIEW
Tania Rescigno, Mario F Tecce, Anna Capasso
Intoroduction: Dietary intake fundamentally provides reintegration of energy and essential nutrients to human organisms. However, its qualitative and quantitative composition strongly affects individual's health, possibly being either a preventive or a risk factor. It was shown that nutritional status resulting from long-term exposition to specific diet formulations can outstandingly reduce incidences of most common and most important diseases of the developed world, such as cardiovascular and neoplastic diseases...
2018: Open Biochemistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736061/impact-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-on-activities-of-daily-living-and-community-reintegration-of-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Amrita Kanchan, Amool Ranjan Singh, Nawab Akhtar Khan, Masroor Jahan, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Objectives: The present study was targeted to observe the impact of neuropsychological rehabilitation on activities of daily living (ADL) and community reintegration of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Settings and Participants: Based on purposive sampling technique, ten patients with TBI falling in the age range of 20-40 years and fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were chosen from All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733365/the-associations-of-gender-with-social-participation-of-burn-survivors-a-life-impact-burn-recovery-evaluation-profile-study
#7
Benjamin Levi, Casey T Kraft, Gabriel D Shapiro, Nhi-Ha T Trinh, Emily C Dore, James Jeng, Austin F Lee, Amy Acton, Molly Marino, Alan Jette, Elizabeth A Armstrong, Jeffrey C Schneider, Lewis E Kazis, Colleen M Ryan
Burn injury can be debilitating and affect survivors' quality of life in a profound fashion. Burn injury may also lead to serious psychosocial challenges that have not been adequately studied and addressed. Specifically, there has been limited research into the associations of burn injury on community reintegration based on gender. This work analyzed data from 601 burn survivors who completed field testing of a new measure of social participation for burn survivors, the Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation (LIBRE) Profile...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733052/the-efficacy-and-efficiency-of-disability-management-in-job-retention-and-job-reintegration-a-systematic-review
#8
Marlies Lefever, Saskia Decuman, François Perl, Lutgart Braeckman, Dominique Van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Disability management (DM) is a systematic method to ensure job-retention and job-reintegration in competitive employment for individuals with a disability. There is evidence that 'returning to work' has a positive impact on the individual, the company and on the society. However, a clear overview of the efficacy and efficiency of the DM programs is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the efficacy and efficiency of the disability management programs...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731412/comparison-of-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-community-supported-discharge-service-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-adolescents-with-psychiatric-emergencies-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Dennis Ougrin, Richard Corrigall, Jason Poole, Toby Zundel, Mandy Sarhane, Victoria Slater, Daniel Stahl, Paula Reavey, Sarah Byford, Margaret Heslin, John Ivens, Maarten Crommelin, Zahra Abdulla, Daniel Hayes, Kerry Middleton, Benita Nnadi, Eric Taylor
BACKGROUND: Intensive community treatment to reduce dependency on adolescent psychiatric inpatient care is recommended in guidelines but has not been assessed in a randomised controlled trial in the UK. We designed a supported discharge service (SDS) provided by an intensive community treatment team and compared outcomes with usual care. METHODS: Eligible patients for this randomised controlled trial were younger than 18 years and had been admitted for psychiatric inpatient care in the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust...
May 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729228/the-impact-of-stigma-on-community-reintegration-of-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-well-being-of-their-caregivers
#10
Sean M Phelan, Lauren R Bangerter, Greta Friedemann-Sanchez, Kandace A Lackore, Megan A Morris, Courtney H Van Houtven, Kathleen F Carlson, Michelle van Ryn, Kristin J Harden, Joan M Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between perceived stigma and discrimination and caregiver strain, caregiver well-being, and patient community reintegration. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study of 564 informal caregivers of Veterans of US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan who experienced traumatic brain injuries or polytrauma (TBI/PT). SETTING: Care settings of community dwelling former inpatients of any US Veterans Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726743/opinion-paper-the-role-of-work-in-the-management-of-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms
#11
Els Tobback, An Mariman, Lies Clauwaert, Lode Godderis, Stefan Heytens, Patrick Ruppol, Daniel Spooren, Rita Tytgat, Martine De Muynck, Dirk Vogelaers
OBJECTIVES: Patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms suffer from chronic fatigue and/or pain in combination with a variety of other symptoms. A flexible, biopsychosocial approach is needed for diagnostic screening and global management. It is crucial to involve the direct patient environment, including family, friends, colleagues as well as health providers, evaluation, and reintegration sector. The aim of this paper is to review the importance of work in the management of medically unexplained physical symptoms...
May 4, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723782/a-grounded-theory-of-successful-aging-among-select-incarcerated-older-filipino-women
#12
Heizel Mae Lucas, Carl James Lozano, Les Paul Valdez, Rowena Manzarate, Fortuna Angelli Jolyn Lumawag
BACKGROUND: Across the literature, impairment and disability among the older people have been associated with a decline in meeting their special needs. Failure in meeting such needs may cause deterioration of function and threaten successful aging. Accordingly, successful aging studies were carried out among males, in health care institutions, and in communities. In spite of these, the process by which successful aging is experienced by incarcerated older women remains to be a blank spot in research...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723021/promising-practices-in-vocational-services-for-the-community-reintegration-of-returning-veterans-the-individual-placement-and-support-model-and-beyond
#13
Nancy J Wewiorski, Jay A Gorman, Arielle A J Scoglio, Seiya Fukuda, Erin Reilly, Lisa Mueller, Maureen O'Connor, Walter E Penk, Charles E Drebing
Supporting returning veterans' job-seeking, hiring, and retention issues has become an essential goal for effective community reintegration. Given both the particular strengths and challenges associated with veterans transitioning from military to civilian life, multiple models for supported employment have become integrated into Veterans Affairs health care facilities across the nation. In this article, we review the state of vocational rehabilitation for veterans, with a particular focus on individual placement and support-supported employment (IPS-SE), the current vocational services model that is considered the gold standard of vocational rehabilitation...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723018/coming-home-from-prison-adapting-military-resilience-training-to-enhance-successful-community-reintegration-for-justice-involved-iraq-afghanistan-veterans
#14
Shoba Sreenivasan, Joel Rosenthal, Daniel E Smee, Keith Wilson, Jim McGuire
We propose a veteran-centric justice model of resilience training developed by the military for assisting service members coming home from war and modify it to assist Iraq/Afghanistan veterans coming home from prison. Incarceration has been identified as a stress aftereffect of the prolonged Iraq and Afghanistan combat deployments. Notably, the rate of Iraq and Afghanistan-era incarcerated veterans increased from 4% to 13% between 2004 and 2012 for all incarcerated veterans. Successful reentry to the community from prison incarceration is difficult, with rearrest and reincarceration a frequent occurrence...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723016/family-focused-interventions-and-resources-for-veterans-and-their-families
#15
Michelle D Sherman, Jessica L Larsen
Accelerated by the decreasing military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, many military members are currently transitioning out of active duty into civilian life. Many of these new veterans have recently experienced combat deployment(s), and some are struggling with the aftermath of combat exposure, separation from family, and reintegration stressors. These challenges often follow these military families as they enter the civilian world, a time with its own major life changes vocationally, socially, and interpersonally...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723015/using-peer-support-groups-to-enhance-community-integration-of-veterans-in-transition
#16
Charles E Drebing, Erin Reilly, Kevin T Henze, Megan Kelly, Anthony Russo, John Smolinsky, Jay Gorman, Walter E Penk
Peer support groups, also known as "self-help groups," provide a unique tool for helping veterans working through the military-to-civilian transition to achieve higher levels of social support and community integration. The number and variety of community-based peer support groups has grown to the point that there are now more visits to these groups each year than to mental health professionals. The focus of these groups on the provision of social support, the number and variety of groups, the lack of cost, and their availability in the community make them a natural transition tool for building community-based social support...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723014/psychosocial-approaches-to-improving-the-military-to-civilian-transition-process
#17
Nathan D Ainspan, Walter Penk, Lisa K Kearney
This special issue of Psychological Services provides a glimpse of some of the most recent work in the arena of psychosocial interventions for military service members who are reintegrating into civilian society and becoming veterans. The psychological effects that can occur as members go through the military-to-civilian transition as they leave the military have been extensively recorded and treated. While psychosocial interventions have been utilized throughout history, we are seeing a new interest and recent renaissance in their use...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690781/liberia-s-women-veterans-war-roles-and-reintegration
#18
Peter Endicott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689582/-late-life-depression-diagnosis-pathophysiology-and-therapeutic-strategies
#19
Forugh S Dafsari, Frank Jessen
Late-life depression is a frequent and severe mental disorder. It is characterized by alterations in mood as well as cognitive deficits and somatic symptoms. LLD is associated with various adverse outcomes, such as reduced quality of life, negative impact on physical comorbidities, functional impairments, increased suicide and non-suicide mortality. Moreover, LLD serves as a risk factor for developing all-cause dementia, including Alzheimer´s disease. It leads to a frequent use of health care services and remains a serious public health concern...
April 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685579/trait-dependent-biogeography-re-integrating-biology-into-probabilistic-historical-biogeographical-models
#20
REVIEW
Jeet Sukumaran, L Lacey Knowles
The development of process-based probabilistic models for historical biogeography has transformed the field by grounding it in modern statistical hypothesis testing. However, most of these models abstract away biological differences, reducing species to interchangeable lineages. We present here the case for reintegration of biology into probabilistic historical biogeographical models, allowing a broader range of questions about biogeographical processes beyond ancestral range estimation or simple correlation between a trait and a distribution pattern, as well as allowing us to assess how inferences about ancestral ranges themselves might be impacted by differential biological traits...
April 20, 2018: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
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