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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921721/effects-of-the-availability-of-accurate-proprioceptive-information-on-older-adults-postural-sway-and-muscle-co-contraction
#1
Chesney E Craig, Glenn H M Calvert, Michail Doumas
During conditions of increased postural instability, older adults exhibit greater lower-limb muscle co-contraction. This response has been interpreted as a compensatory postural strategy, which may be used to i006Ecrease proprioceptive information from muscle spindles or to stiffen the lower limb as a general response to minimise postural sway. The current study aimed to test these two hypotheses by investigating use of muscle co-contraction during sensory transitions that manipulated proprioceptive input. Surface EMG was recorded from the bilateral tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius medialis muscles, in young (aged 18-30) and older adults (aged 68-80) during blind-folded postural assessment...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919774/optimizing-post-acute-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-rehabilitation-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Bhasker Amatya, Fary Khan, Mary P Galea
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women worldwide. Therapeutic advances and improved survival rates of women with BC have implications for long-term impact on disability, psychological function and quality of life (QoL), which may be amenable to rehabilitation. The focus of rehabilitation is on managing disability, reducing sequelae and symptoms, and enhancing participation and societal reintegration, to achieve the highest possible independence and the best QoL...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891402/you-do-what-a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-motivation-to-volunteer-with-circles-of-support-and-accountability
#3
Giulia Lowe, Gwenda Willis, Kerry Gibson
Most community members are not accepting of individuals convicted for sexual offenses living in their communities, let alone having regular contact with them. However, a select number of community members choose to give their time to assist these individuals reintegrate from prison into the community. Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA) was developed as a way to address the issues that many individuals convicted of sex offenses face, that is, little to no prosocial support in the community. In-depth, semistructured interviews were conducted with 18 CoSA volunteers in New Zealand to gain a more thorough understanding of volunteers' motivation to be involved with CoSA...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888313/aftercare-survivorship-and-peer-support
#4
REVIEW
Karen Badger, Amy Acton, Pam Peterson
Burn recovery includes addressing any emotional, psychological, and social needs of the survivor and family. Providing support and resources is essential for a smooth transition from the acute phase of injury to rehabilitation and successful social and community reintegration. Priority psychosocial target areas are developing social skills, addressing body image concerns, and providing peer support. Peer support provides a unique perspective of shared experience that can instill hope and assist coping efforts of survivors and family...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866010/contextual-facilitators-and-barriers-of-community-reintegration-among-injured-female-military-veterans-a-qualitative-study
#5
Brent L Hawkins, Brandi M Crowe
OBJECTIVE: To understand the facilitators and barriers to community reintegration (CR) among injured female veterans. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative design SETTING: Community PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling female veterans with physical and/or psychological injury (N=13). INTERVENTIONS: None MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: None RESULTS: Conventional content analysis revealed three types of facilitators, including: (a) strong social supports; (b) impactful programs; and (c) protective personal beliefs...
August 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866009/long-term-functional-outcomes-in-military-service-members-and-veterans-after-traumatic-brain-injury-polytrauma-inpatient-rehabilitation
#6
Max Gray, Joyce Chung, Fatima Aguila, T Gavin Williams, Jeffrey K Teraoka, Odette A Harris
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the established Polytrauma/TBI infrastructure on immediate post-treatment functional gains, the long-term sustainability of any gains and participation-related community reintegration outcomes in a baseline cohort of patients eight years post-admission. DESIGN: Retrospective review and prospective repeated measures of an inception cohort. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Palo Alto, Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center (PRC) PARTICIPANTS: 44 patients consecutively admitted to the PRC inpatient rehabilitation unit during its first full Fiscal Year, 2006...
August 30, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865473/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-post-fistula-repair-reintegration-instrument-among-ugandan-women
#7
Alison El Ayadi, Hadija Nalubwama, Justus Barageine, Torsten B Neilands, Susan Obore, Josaphat Byamugisha, Othman Kakaire, Haruna Mwanje, Abner Korn, Felicia Lester, Suellen Miller
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a debilitating and traumatic birth injury affecting 2-3 million women globally, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Affected women suffer physically, psychologically and socioeconomically. International efforts have increased access to surgical treatment, yet attention to a holistic outcome of post-surgical rehabilitation is nascent. We sought to develop and pilot test a measurement instrument to assess post-surgical family and community reintegration...
September 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853421/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-occupational-health-and-other-medical-disciplines-facing-the-problem
#8
Giovanni Costa, Michele De Benedetto
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is one of the most common causes of excessive daytime sleepiness, therefore an important determinant of road and work accidents, as well as being associated with multiple chronic-degenerative diseases. The recent transposition of the European Commission Directive 2014/85/EU on driver licensing highlighted the need to tackle the problem appropriately, not only for its high prevalence in the general population, but also for its significant impact on occupational safety and health, and related social costs...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843773/rooted-in-the-community-assessing-the-reintegration-impacts-of-agriculture-on-rural-veterans
#9
Karen Besterman-Dahan, Margeaux Chavez, Eni Njoh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a Veteran-oriented community agricultural initiative (CAI) on transitioning rural Veterans. DESIGN: Convergent mixed-method program evaluation. SETTING: A Veteran-oriented farm-to-market CAI in rural Washington State. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans who were members of the CAI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Health, well-being, and reintegration were assessed by self-reported data from interview, demographic survey, validated health quality of life measure (Veterans RAND-12 -VR-12), validated reintegration measure (Military to Civilian Questionnaire -M2C-Q), and general satisfaction survey...
August 23, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836810/a-review-of-the-literature-on-pediatric-concussions-and-return-to-learn-rtl-implications-for-rtl-policy-research-and-practice
#10
Jilian A O'Neill, Molly K Cox, Olivio J Clay, James M Johnston, Thomas A Novack, David C Schwebel, Laura E Dreer
OBJECTIVE: While reintegration of concussed youth back into sports has been increasingly studied over the past decade, a noticeably lacking yet growing body of research has begun to focus on issues surrounding return to academics or "return-to-learn" (RTL). The objective of this article was to conduct a comprehensive literature review to identify the full range of themes and gaps in the current body of RTL research. STUDY DESIGN: Researchers analyzed PubMed, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases to identify all recent (January 2000 through May 2016) empirical publications on the RTL process following youth concussions...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835910/reintegration-of-women-post-obstetric-fistula-repair-experience-of-family-caregivers
#11
Kimberly Jarvis, Solina Richter, Helen Vallianatos, Lois Thornton
In northern Ghana, families traditionally function as the main provider of care. The role of family, however, is becoming increasingly challenged with the social shifts in Ghanaian culture moving from extended kinship to nuclear households. This has implications for the care of women post obstetric fistula (OF) repair and their family members who assist them to integrate back into their lives prior to developing the condition. This research is part of a larger critical ethnographic study which explores a culture of reintegration...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835174/personal-identity-narratives-of-therapeutic-songwriting-participants-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-series-analysis
#12
Chantal Roddy, Nikki Rickard, Jeanette Tamplin, Felicity Anne Baker
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) patients face unique identity challenges associated with physical limitations, higher comorbid depression, increased suicidality and reduced subjective well-being. Post-injury identity is often unaddressed in subacute rehabilitation environments where critical physical and functional rehabilitation goals are prioritized. Therapeutic songwriting has demonstrated prior efficacy in promoting healthy adjustment and as a means of expression for post-injury narratives...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813728/-amputation-of-the-lower-limb-treatment-and-management
#13
Tim Ramczykowski, Thomas A Schildhauer
Despite modern conservative and surgical procedures, the number of amputations of the lower limb remains at a consistently high level. With the demographic changes and the consequent prevalence of atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus, there is a steady increase of the risk factors that can lead to an amputation. The cause, which ultimately leads to the loss of the affected limb is therefore a symptom of the underlying disease. Primarily, the purpose of any medical treatment is the prevention of any amputation...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#14
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805082/veterans-transitioning-from-isolation-to-integration-a-look-at-veteran-service-dog-partnerships
#15
Terry K Crowe, Victoria Sánchez, Alyse Howard, Brenna Western, Stephanie Barger
BACKGROUND: This study explored the dynamics of veteran/service dog partnerships by gathering the perspectives of veterans with a history of post-traumatic stress disorder and/or traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Exploratory qualitative methods (focus groups and individual interviews) were used to investigate veteran/service dog relationships related to community involvement, family and friend relationships, self-care, work, and leisure. Nine male veterans, Paws, and Stripes program graduates participated...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801389/the-role-of-rehabilitation-measures-in-reintegration-of-children-with-brain-tumours-or-leukaemia-and-their-families-after-completion-of-cancer-treatment-a-study-protocol
#16
Mona Leandra Peikert, Laura Inhestern, Corinna Bergelt
INTRODUCTION: For ill children as well as for their parents and siblings, childhood cancer poses a major challenge. Little is known about the reintegration into daily life of childhood cancer survivors and their families. The aim of this prospective observational study is to further the understanding of the role of rehabilitation measures in the reintegration process of childhood leukaemia or brain tumour survivors and their family members after the end of cancer treatment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective observational study consists of three study arms: a quantitative study in cooperation with three German paediatric oncological study registries (study arm 1), a quantitative study in cooperation with a rehabilitation clinic that offers a family-oriented paediatric oncological rehabilitation programme (study arm 2) and a qualitative study at 12-month follow-up including families from the study arms 1 and 2 (study arm 3)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791496/forensic-assertive-community-treatment-in-a-continuum-of-care-for-male-internees-in-belgium-results-after-33-months
#17
Thomas Marquant, Bernard Sabbe, Meike Van Nuffel, Rudy Verelst, Kris Goethals
Non-forensic or regular assertive community treatment (ACT) has positive effects on non-forensic outcomes but has poor effects on forensic outcome measures. In this study, we examined non-forensic and forensic outcome measures of a forensic adaptation of ACT (ForACT) within a continuum of care for internees. Data were collected retrospectively from files of 70 participants in the ForACT group who had been released from a forensic hospital. The control group comprised internees who had left prison and entered community-based care (n = 56)...
August 8, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780539/integrating-the-perspectives-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-their-family-caregivers-and-healthcare-professionals-from-the-time-of-rehabilitation-admission-to-community-reintegration-protocol-for-a-scoping-study-on-sci-needs
#18
Alexander Moreno, Diana Zidarov, Chandhana Raju, Jill Boruff, Sara Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: There is fragmented information about the different needs following a spinal cord injury (SCI). Expressed SCI needs can be met or unmet, they change along the rehabilitation continuum (eg, acute, rehabilitation and reintegration into the community) and can be different for traumatic and non traumatic SCI. The general objective of this scoping study is to evaluate and integrate the needs of individuals with traumatic and non-traumatic SCI, their family caregivers and those reported by rehabilitation professionals from the time of rehabilitation admission to community reintegration...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778113/educational-and-vocational-goal-disruption-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#19
Janine Vetsch, Claire E Wakefield, Brittany C McGill, Richard J Cohn, Sarah J Ellis, Natalie Stefanic, Susan M Sawyer, Brad Zebrack, Ursula M Sansom-Daly
OBJECTIVE: Cancer in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) can interrupt important developmental milestones. Absence from school and time lost from work, together with the physical impacts of treatment on energy and cognition, can disrupt educational and vocational goals. The purpose of this paper is to report on AYA cancer survivors' experiences of reintegration into school and/or work and to describe perceived changes in their educational and vocational goals. METHODS: AYAs recruited from seven hospitals in Australia, aged 15-26years and ≤24months post-treatment, were interviewed using the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS)...
August 4, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759903/-telephone-aftercare-by-social-services-to-improve-return-to-work-after-medical-rehabilitation
#20
Martin Vogel, Anna Lena Walther, Ruth Deck
Aim Many patients are discharged from the rehabilitation clinic with a restored working ability, but are often unemployed or there is a mismatch between their skills and the job requirements. Those patients often feel to be left alone with their problems regarding their adequate occupational reintegration and wish to be supported over the course of stationary rehabilitation in terms of socio-legal and social-medical issues. The randomized controlled trial investigated if a 12 month telephone aftercare conducted by staff of the social service has a positive influence on occupational reintegration...
July 31, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
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