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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078610/optimization-of-the-return-to-sport-paradigm-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-critical-step-back-to-move-forward
#1
REVIEW
Bart Dingenen, Alli Gokeler
Athletes who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury often opt for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with the goal and expectation to resume sports. Unfortunately, the proportion of athletes successfully returning to sport is relatively low, while the rate of second ACL injury has been reported to exceed 20% after clearance to return to sport, especially within younger athletic populations. Despite the development of return-to-sport guidelines over recent years, there are still more questions than answers on the most optimal return-to-sport criteria after ACLR...
January 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076644/main-mental-disorders-in-crack-cocaine-users-treated-at-psychosocial-care-centers-for-alcohol-and-drugs-in-the-city-of-recife-brazil
#2
Antonio Gomes de Castro, Diego César Nunes da Silva, Magda da Silva Figueiroa
Introduction: Brazil's Northeast region has the highest crack-cocaine consumption in the country. Crack-cocaine has more intense effects than cocaine powder and can cause greater chemical dependence. Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) are public health services that provide treatment for drug dependence. It is common for drug users, and particularly crack-cocaine users, to develop mental disorders. Objective: To evaluate the most common mental disorders in crack-cocaine dependents in treatment at CAPSad in the city of Recife, Brazil...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058688/targeted-mutagenesis-of-drosophila-rnasez-gene-by-homologous-recombination
#3
O V Andreenkov, E I Volkova, S A Demakov, X Xie, E B Dubrovsky, I F Zhimulev
For the first time we used a homologous recombination method to obtain complete and precise deletion of Drosophila dRNaseZ gene. In the founder line of flies in which the RNaseZ sequence was replaced by attP site, the full-length sequence of the gene was reintegrated, and its functionality was shown. This approach will allow us to generate further gene mutations in different domains of dRNaseZ protein and discover a broad spectrum and uncover functions outside of tRNA processing.
November 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057075/the-efficacy-of-prospective-memory-rehabilitation-plus-metacognitive-skills-training-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jennifer Fleming, Tamara Ownsworth, Emmah Doig, Lauren Hutton, Janelle Griffin, Melissa Kendall, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND: Impairment of prospective memory (PM) is common following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and negatively impacts on independent living. Compensatory approaches to PM rehabilitation have been found to minimize the impact of PM impairment in adults with TBI; however, poor self-awareness after TBI poses a major barrier to the generalization of compensatory strategies in daily life. Metacognitive skills training (MST) is a cognitive rehabilitation approach that aims to facilitate the development of self-awareness in adults with TBI...
January 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040826/consequences-of-ptsd-for-the-work-and-family-quality-of-life-of-female-and-male-u-s-afghanistan-and-iraq-war-veterans
#5
Dawne Vogt, Brian N Smith, Annie B Fox, Timothy Amoroso, Emily Taverna, Paula P Schnurr
PURPOSE: Although it is well established that combat-related PTSD can lead to reduced quality of life, less is known about the relative effect of PTSD on different aspects of former service members' post-military readjustment. Moreover, research on female veterans' reintegration experiences is limited. This study aimed to document the work and family quality of life of post-9/11 male and female veterans and evaluate the gender-specific impact of PTSD on veterans' work and family outcomes...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039569/young-adult-cancer-survivors-follow-up-care-expectations-of-oncologists-and-primary-care-physicians
#6
Kiara Hugh-Yeun, Divjot Kumar, Ali Moghaddamjou, Jenny Y Ruan, Winson Y Cheung
PURPOSE: Young adult cancer survivors face unique challenges associated with their illness. While both oncologists and primary care physicians (PCPs) may be involved in the follow-up care of these cancer survivors, we hypothesized that there is a lack of clarity regarding each physician's roles and responsibilities. METHODS: A self-administered survey was mailed to young adult cancer survivors in British Columbia, Canada, who were aged 20 to 39 years at the time of diagnosis and alive at 2 to 5 years following the diagnosis to capture their expectations of oncologists and PCPs in various important domains of cancer survivorship care...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025680/impact-of-surgery-on-quality-of-life-of-women-with-obstetrical-fistula-a-qualitative-study-in-burkina-faso
#7
Julie Désalliers, Marie-Eve Paré, Salam Kouraogo, Jacques Corcos
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obstetric fistula, caused by traumatic delivery and patient lack of access to obstetric care, is an important public health concern in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. This research focuses on the experience of women living with obstetric fistula in Burkina Faso as well as their reintegration into community after surgery. METHODS: This project was funded by the Mères du Monde en Santé (MMS) Foundation and conducted in collaboration with the Boromo Hospital...
December 26, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005474/the-influence-of-social-support-on-dyadic-functioning-and-mental-health-among-military-personnel-during-postdeployment-reintegration
#8
Julie A Cederbaum, Sherrie L Wilcox, Kathrine Sullivan, Carrie Lucas, Ashley Schuyler
OBJECTIVES: Although many service members successfully cope with exposure to stress and traumatic experiences, others have symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and anxiety; contextual factors may account for the variability in outcomes from these experiences. This work sought to understand mechanisms through which social support influences the mental health of service members and whether dyadic functioning mediates this relationship. METHODS: We collected cross-sectional data as part of a larger study conducted in 2013; 321 military personnel who had at least 1 deployment were included in these analyses...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000920/on-fascination-and-fear-of-annihilation
#9
Michel Thys
In this paper fascination phenomenologically is described as a state of radically being captured by an imposing object. What is left of the impoverished and paralysed subject clings to the exclusive fascinating object. Fascination is the eye of the storm of extreme ambivalence towards an exclusive object: being the only remaining object it is necessary for living in an object world, but at the same time it is threatening to life by absorbing the subject totally. So the subject is sucked in by a yet frightening object...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998235/cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-with-and-survivors-of-hodgkin-lymphoma-the-impact-on-treatment-outcome-and-social-reintegration
#10
Karolin Behringer, Helen Goergen, Horst Müller, Indra Thielen, Corinne Brillant, Stefanie Kreissl, Teresa Veronika Halbsguth, Julia Meissner, Richard Greil, Peter Moosmann, Oluwatoyin Shonukan, Jens Ulrich Rueffer, Hans-Henning Flechtner, Michael Fuchs, Volker Diehl, Andreas Engert, Peter Borchmann
Purpose Cancer-related fatigue occurs frequently in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and has a major impact on their quality of life. We hypothesized that severe fatigue (sFA) might have an impact on patients' treatment outcome and social reintegration. Methods Of 5,306 patients enrolled in the German Hodgkin Study Group's fifth generation of clinical trials in HL (HD13, HD14, and HD15; nonqualified and older [> 60 years] patients excluded), 4,529 provided data on health-related quality of life. We describe sFA (defined as a score ≥ 50 on the 0 to 100 scale from the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30) before and up to 9 years after therapy and analyze its impact on treatment outcome and social reintegration...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993583/depression-in-individuals-with-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community
#11
Joan Saurí, Andrés Chamarro, Anna Gilabert, Mariona Gifre, Neus Rodriguez, Raquel Lopez-Blazquez, Lluïsa Curcoll, Jesús Benito-Penalva, Dolors Soler
OBJECTIVE: To assess depression in a sample of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) living in the community, and to determine the prevalence of probable major depression disorder (PMDD) amongst those for whom the injury is traumatic (T-SCI) and those for whom it is not (NT-SCI). DESIGN: Cross sectional. SETTING: Data were collected on individuals with SCI now living in the community, who completed a comprehensive follow-up assessment at the Guttmann Institute in Barcelona, Spain...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993563/the-effect-of-repeated-lateral-compression-and-expansions-mimicking-blinking-on-selected-tear-film-polar-lipid-monofilms
#12
Matthew Patterson, Hans J Vogel, Elmar J Prenner
The tear film lipid layer is formed on the anterior surface of the eye, functioning as a barrier to excess evaporation and foreign particles, while also providing stability to the tear film. The lipid layer is organized into a polar lipid layer consisting of phospholipids, ceramides, and free fatty acids that act as a surfactant to a non-polar multilayer of wax and cholesterol esters. Due to shear forces from eye movement and the compression and expansion of blinking, the tear lipids are under constant stress...
December 16, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942764/increased-inter-hemispheric-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-acute-lacunar-stroke-patients-with-aphasia
#13
Haiqing Yang, Lin Bai, Yi Zhou, Shan Kang, Panpan Liang, Lihua Wang, Yifei Zhu
Aphasia is a devastating neurological condition affecting a person's ability to communicate and reintegrate into the society. It may occur in 20% or more of patients after stroke. The recovery of language function is accompanied by brain reorganization, and identifying the inter-hemispheric interaction post-stroke will conduce to more targeted treatments. Previous studies suggested that robust homotopic resting-state functional connectivity is a key characteristic of the brain's intrinsic functional architecture, and communication between the left and right cerebral hemispheres is important for language processing...
December 10, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941036/the-miracle-of-face-transplantation-after-10-years
#14
REVIEW
Maria Siemionow
INTRODUCTION: At the 10th year anniversary of the first face transplantation, there are currently 36 patients worldwide, who are the recipients of faces coming from human donors. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Despite the initial debates and ethical concerns, face transplantation became a clinical reality with satisfactory functional outcomes. AREAS OF CONTROVERSY: The areas of controversy still include the impact of lifelong immunosuppression on otherwise healthy patients as well as the selection process of face transplant candidates...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940709/variations-in-state-laws-governing-school-reintegration-following-concussion
#15
Leah L Thompson, Vivian H Lyons, Melissa McCart, Stanley A Herring, Frederick P Rivara, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the prevalence, scope, and specificity of provisions governing school reintegration in current state concussion laws. METHODS: State concussion laws as of May 2016 were independently assessed and classified by 2 trained coders. Statutes were classified as "Return-to-Learn" (RTL) laws if they contained language mandating institutional action at the state, district, or school level related to academic reintegration of youth who have sustained a concussion...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935657/profile-and-reintegration-experience-of-ebola-survivors-in-guinea-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Alexandre Delamou, Bienvenu Salim Camara, Jean Pe Kolie, Achille Diona Guemou, Nyankoye Yves Haba, Shannon Marquez, Beavogui Abdoul Habib, Therese Delvaux, Johan van Griensven
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of Guinean Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) survivors in Guinea, up to ten months after discharge from the Ebola treatment unit. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using a standardized semi-structured questionnaire among survivors from Conakry and Coyah districts in 2015 in Guinea. We used proportions, mean (Standard Deviation) and median (Interquartile range) to summarize the variables. The McNemar Chi square test was used to compare proportions...
December 9, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934545/victor-s-justice-atrocities-in-postwar-nigeria
#17
Arua Oko Omaka
The Nigerian Government's declaration of 'no victor, no vanquished' after the capitulation of Biafra on 12 January 1970, was applauded as the right step towards reconciliation and transition from war to peace. Despite this declaration and assurance of amnesty, the Nigerian Government and its soldiers still engaged in acts that amounted to retributive justice. They starved and killed innocent Biafran civilians, looted their property and raped their women. Surprisingly, these postwar atrocities committed against former Biafrans have been largely ignored in the historiography of the Nigeria-Biafra War...
July 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928438/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-patients-aged-60-years-and-over-our-experience
#18
Serban D, Branescu C, Savlovschi C, Purcărea Ap, El-Khatib A, Balasescu Sa, Nica A, Dascalu Am, Vancea G, Oprescu Sm, Tudor C
Aim. To analyze the efficiency of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for the population aged 60 years and over admitted with acute cholecystitis, the clinical features and associated pathology presented by these patients and the impact of these factors on the choice of surgical technique. Materials and method. A retrospective study was carried out between February 2010 and February 2015, on patients aged 60 years and over, operated in emergency for acute cholecystitis in our clinic. All data were extracted from the registered medical documents and operatory protocols...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923245/-follow-up-care-in-the-field-of-medical-rehabilitation-concerning-psychosomatic-indications-based-on-the-new-conceptual-framework-of-the-german-pension-insurance
#19
N Boes
Mental disorders rank first amongst all causes for disability pensions and second in the field of medical rehabilitation. Especially alarming is the significantly lower age of entry of the mentally ill disability pensioners, compared to those with other indications. Mentally ill people often look back at a long history of diseases before getting in contact with the German pension insurance. In this regard the German pension insurance, which is obligated to effectively support people in order to keep them in working life until reaching the regular retirement age, is facing a big challenge, which stands right next to further demands, due to the demographic change, the increase of chronic diseases, multimorbidity, retirement age of 67 and changes in the working environment...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#20
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
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