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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235957/feeling-peaceful-a-universal-living-experience
#1
Thomas J Doucet
The purpose of this study was to investigate the living experience of feeling peaceful. Parse's research method was used to answer the question: What is the structure of the living experience of feeling peaceful? Twelve participants living in a community consented to partake in the study. The central finding of the study is the structure: feeling peaceful is contentedness amid tribulation, as unburdening surfaces with devout involvements. The findings are discussed in relation to the humanbecoming school of thought and extant literature...
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235710/localized-high-abundance-of-marine-group-ii-archaea-in-the-subtropical-pearl-river-estuary-implications-for-their-niche-adaptation
#2
Wei Xie, Haiwei Luo, Senthil K Murugapiran, Jeremy A Dodsworth, Songze Chen, Ying Sun, Brian P Hedlund, Peng Wang, Huaying Fang, Minghua Deng, Chuanlun Zhang
Marine group II archaea are widely distributed in global oceans and dominate the total archaeal community within the upper euphotic zone of temperate waters. However, factors controlling the distribution of MGII are poorly delineated and the physiology and ecological functions of these still-uncultured organisms remain elusive. In this study, we investigated the planktonic MGII associated with particles and in free-living forms in the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) over a 10-month period. We detected high abundance of particle-associated MGII in PRE (up to ∼108 16S rRNA gene copies/L), which was around 10-fold higher than the free-living MGII in the same region, and an order of magnitude higher than previously reported in other marine environments...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235707/tales-from-the-tomb-the-microbial-ecology-of-exposed-rock-surfaces
#3
Tess E Brewer, Noah Fierer
Although a broad diversity of eukaryotic and bacterial taxa reside on rock surfaces where they can influence the weathering of rocks and minerals, these communities and their contributions to mineral weathering remain poorly resolved. To build a more comprehensive understanding of the diversity, ecology, and potential functional attributes of microbial communities living on rock, we sampled 149 tombstones across three continents and analyzed their bacterial and eukaryotic communities via marker gene and shotgun metagenomic sequencing...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235701/relation-of-child-caregiver-and-environmental-characteristics-to-childhood-injury-in-an-urban-aboriginal-cohort-in-new-south-wales-australia
#4
Katherine Thurber, Leonie Burgess, Kathleen Falster, Emily Banks, Holger Möller, Rebecca Ivers, Chris Cowell, Vivian Isaac, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Cheryl Woodall, Kathleen Clapham
OBJECTIVE: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235668/a-diaper-bank-and-home-visiting-partnership-initial-exploration-of-research-and-policy-questions
#5
Lois S Sadler, Eileen M Condon, Shirley Z Deng, Monica Roosa Ordway, Crista Marchesseault, Andrea Miller, Janet Stolfi Alfano, Alison M Weir
OBJECTIVES: The cost of diapering an infant can place a significant financial strain on families living in poverty. Partnerships between diaper banks and home visiting programs for young families may offer an innovative solution to expanding the reach and impact of diaper banks in low-income communities. The purpose of this pilot study was to uncover preliminary information about the functions of diaper distribution through home visiting programs, and to inform future research and policy questions regarding diaper distribution to families in need...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#6
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235230/multidimensional-factors-associated-with-the-loss-of-independence-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#7
Mai Kabayama, Hiroshi Mikami, Kei Kamide
AIM: To clarify the factors associated with loss of independence multidimensionally over a 3-year period among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The survey was exclusively carried out by the local government for people aged >65 years who were independent at baseline living in H-City, a mid-sized urban city in Japan. The participants completed a self-administered postal questionnaire, and we obtained data regarding their loss of independence from administrative records 3 years later...
December 13, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235172/scaling-up-child-development-centres-in-bangladesh
#8
N Z Khan, R Sultana, F Ahmed, A B Shilpi, N Sultana, G L Darmstadt
BACKGROUND: Child Development Centres (CDCs) have been established within government medical college tertiary hospitals across Bangladesh. Services entail a parent-professional partnership in a child and family friendly environment with a focus on assessment, diagnosis, and management of a range of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents 0-16 years of age. Services are provided by a multidisciplinary team of professionals (child health physician, child psychologist, and developmental therapist) who emphasize quality of services over the numbers of children seen...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235077/metabolic-syndrome-and-disability-in-chinese-nonagenarians-and-centenarians
#9
Ming Yang, Hanyue Xu, Ling Yang, Jiaojiao Jiang, Birong Dong
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and disability in the oldest old. AIMS: To investigate the possible association between MetS and disability among community-dwelling older adults aged ≥ 90 years. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. MetS was defined by the International Diabetes Federation Criteria. Activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) disabilities were evaluated using the physical self-maintenance scale and the Lawton-Brody IADL scale, respectively...
December 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234482/roads-to-health-in-developing-countries-understanding-the-intersection-of-culture-and-healing
#10
REVIEW
S Ibeneme, G Eni, A Ezuma, G Fortwengel
Background: The most important attribute to which all human beings aspire is good health because it enables us to undertake different forms of activities of daily living. The emergence of scientific knowledge in Western societies has enabled scientists to explore and define several parameters of health by drawing boundaries around factors that are known to influence the attainment of good health. For example, the World Health Organization defined health by taking physical and psychological factors into consideration...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233803/a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-young-adults-in-australian-remote-indigenous-communities-design-formative-evaluation-and-user-testing
#11
Emma Tonkin, Lauren Jeffs, Thomas Philip Wycherley, Carol Maher, Ross Smith, Jonathon Hart, Beau Cubillo, Julie Brimblecombe
BACKGROUND: The disproportionate burden of noncommunicable disease among Indigenous Australians living in remote Indigenous communities (RICs) is a complex and persistent problem. Smartphones are increasingly being used by young Indigenous adults and therefore represent a promising method to engage them in programs seeking to improve nutritional intake. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to consult RIC members to inform the content of a smartphone app that can be used to monitor and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage intake in RICs...
December 12, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233420/student-pharmacist-perceived-benefit-of-a-sequential-training-model-for-health-testing
#12
Tiffaney Threatt, Eileen Ward, Kayce Shealy, Amy Hynes, P Elizabeth Robinette
PURPOSE: This article describes the health testing training process used at Presbyterian College School of Pharmacy and evaluates perceptions of the sequential training model among students in their first, second, and third professional years. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: After observing student deficiencies in the knowledge and skills necessary for performing health tests, despite receiving didactic training within the core curriculum, faculty members searched for supplemental training programs used by other schools of pharmacy...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233204/is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d-in-supporting-cognitive-function-as-we-age
#13
Niamh Aspell, Brian Lawlor, Maria O'Sullivan
Globally, an estimated 46 million people are currently living with dementia and this figure is projected to increase 3-fold by 2050, highlighting this major public health concern and its substantial associated healthcare costs. With pharmacological treatment yet to reach fruition, the emphasis on evidence-based preventative lifestyle strategies is becoming increasingly important and several modifiable lifestyle factors have been identified that may preserve cognitive health. These include good cardiovascular health, physical activity, low alcohol intake, smoking and a healthy diet, with growing interest in vitamin D...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233159/determinants-of-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-two-first-nation-communities
#14
Ina van der Spuy, Chandima P Karunanayake, James A Dosman, Kathleen McMullin, Gaungming Zhao, Sylvia Abonyi, Donna C Rennie, Joshua Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Judith MacDonald, Laurie Jimmy, Niels Koehncke, Vivian R Ramsden, Mark Fenton, Gregory P Marchildon, Malcolm King, Punam Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness may be determined by a number of factors including personal characteristics, co-morbidities and socio-economic conditions. In this study we identified factors associated with excessive daytime sleepiness in 2 First Nation communities in rural Saskatchewan. METHODS: Data for this study were from a 2012-13 baseline assessment of the First Nations Lung Health Project, in collaboration between two Cree First Nation reserve communities in Saskatchewan and researchers at the University of Saskatchewan...
December 12, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233139/demand-related-factors-influencing-caregivers-awareness-of-malaria-tests-and-health-workers-testing-practices-in-makarfi-nigeria
#15
Olufemi Ajumobi, Kabir Sabitu, IkeOluwapo Ajayi, Patrick Nguku, Joy Ufere, Peter Wasswa, Chinwoke Isiguzo, Jennifer Anyanti, Jenny Liu
BACKGROUND: Despite the World Health Organization's recommendation of malaria test-treat strategy, which is the treatment of parasitological confirmed malaria cases with anti-malarials, presumptive diagnosis of malaria remains fairly common in Nigeria. The reasons for this have not been established in Makarfi, Nigeria, despite the high burden of malaria in the area. A study was conducted among caregivers of febrile children less than 5 years presenting for treatment to understand their awareness of malaria diagnostic testing and being offered testing by clinicians, the determinants of these outcomes, and caregivers' perspectives of health workers' testing practices...
December 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232671/predicting-trajectories-of-functional-decline-in-60-to-70-year-old-people
#16
Nini H Jonkman, Vieri Del Panta, Trynke Hoekstra, Marco Colpo, Natasja M van Schoor, Stefania Bandinelli, Luca Cattelani, Jorunn L Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken, Mirjam Pijnappels, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Early identification of people at risk of functional decline is essential for delivering targeted preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify and predict trajectories of functional decline over 9 years in males and females aged 60-70 years. METHODS: We included 403 community-dwelling participants from the InCHIANTI study and 395 from the LASA study aged 60-70 years at baseline, of whom the majority reported no functional decline at baseline (median 0, interquartile range 0-1)...
December 13, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232320/the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-the-functioning-and-health-status-of-a-low-income-population-an-example-of-a-disability-paradox
#17
Jorge A Esquivel-Valerio, Wendy Marisol Orzua-de la Fuente, Brenda R Vázquez-Fuentes, Mario Alberto Garza-Elizondo, Roberto Negrete-López, Daniel O Treviño-Montes, Rebeca Thelma Martínez-Villarreal, Jaqueline Rodríguez-Amado, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Adalberto Loyola-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the impact of osteoarthritis on the functioning and health status of individuals living in a low-income urban community in Mexico. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, community-based study from December 2014 to November 2015, using the Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases methodology to identify cases of musculoskeletal disease in a sample of adults older than 18 years in Pueblo Nuevo, Apodaca, Mexico...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232085/use-of-paid-and-unpaid-personal-help-by-medicare-beneficiaries-needing-long-term-services-and-supports
#18
Amber Willink, Karen Davis, John Mulcahy, Jennifer L Wolff
Issue: Older adults who reside in communities, as opposed to nursing homes or other residential institutions, are largely dependent on family and unpaid caregivers for assistance with daily activities, like preparing meals or laundry, and self-care tasks like bathing or dressing. For low-income older adults, assistance with such activities, also known as long-term services and supports (LTSS), can also come from Medicaid. These sources of support will be increasingly inadequate as the population ages...
November 1, 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231272/impact-of-fear-of-falling-and-fall-history-on-disability-incidence-among-older-adults-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Keitaro Makino, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: Fear of falling (FOF) is a major health problem for older adults, present not just in fallers, but also nonfallers. This study examined the impact of FOF and fall history on disability incidence among community-dwelling older adults from a prospective cohort study. METHODS: A total of 5104 older adults living in community settings participated in baseline assessment and were followed up for about 4 years (median 52 mo, range 49-55 mo). At baseline, participants were assessed the presence of FOF and their fall history, and divided into 4 groups: Fall (-) FOF (-), Fall (+) FOF (-), Fall (-) FOF (+), and Fall (+) FOF (+)...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231234/feasibility-acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-integrated-care-for-copd-patients-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-pilot-community-based-programme
#20
Tania Carron, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Karin Lörvall, Rachel Parmentier, Jean-Bernard Moix, Vincent Beytrison, Raymond Pernet, Constance Rey, Pierre-Yves Roberfroid, Prashant N Chhajed, Thomas Dieterle, Ladina Joos Zellweger, Malcolm Kohler, Sabrina Maier, David Miedinger, Robert Thurnheer, Pascal Urwyler, Jean-Marie Tschopp, Emilie Zuercher, Jörg Daniel Leuppi, Bernard Burnand, Isabelle Peytremann-Bridevaux
QUESTION UNDER STUDY: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of a pilot COPD integrated care programme implemented in Valais, Switzerland. METHODS: The programme was adapted from the self-management programme Living Well with COPD, and included the following elements: self-management patient-education group sessions, telephone and medical follow-ups, multidisciplinary teams, training of healthcare professionals, and evidence-based COPD care...
December 12, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
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