keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community living

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053604/nutritional-and-acquired-deficiencies-in-inositol-bioavailability-correlations-with-metabolic-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Simona Dinicola, Mirko Minini, Vittorio Unfer, Roberto Verna, Alessandra Cucina, Mariano Bizzarri
Communities eating a western-like diet, rich in fat, sugar and significantly deprived of fibers, share a relevant increased risk of both metabolic and cancerous diseases. Even more remarkable is that a low-fiber diet lacks some key components-as phytates and inositols-for which a mechanistic link has been clearly established in the pathogenesis of both cancer and metabolic illness. Reduced bioavailability of inositol in living organisms could arise from reduced food supply or from metabolism deregulation. Inositol deregulation has been found in a number of conditions mechanistically and epidemiologically associated to high-glucose diets or altered glucose metabolism...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053576/toward-age-friendly-slums-health-challenges-of-older-slum-dwellers-in-nairobi-and-the-applicability-of-the-age-friendly-city-approach
#2
Isabella Aboderin, Megumi Kano, Hilda Akinyi Owii
A majority of urban residents in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and other developing regions live in informal settlements, or slums. Much of the discourse on slum health centres on younger generations, while an intensifying agenda on healthy ageing as yet lacks a systematic focus on slums. Similarly, the global age-friendly cities (AFC) movement does not, thus far, extend to slums. This paper examines the particular challenges that a slum-focused age-friendly initiative in SSA may need to address, and the relevance of present AFC indicators and domains for initiatives to advance the health and well-being of older slum dwellers...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#3
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052529/evaluating-a-multi-component-community-based-program-to-improve-adherence-and-retention-in-care-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Webster Mavhu, Nicola Willis, Juliet Mufuka, Collin Mangenah, Kudzanayi Mvududu, Sarah Bernays, Walter Mangezi, Tsitsi Apollo, Ricardo Araya, Helen A Weiss, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) adolescent HIV-testing and treatment guidelines recommend community-based interventions to support antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and retention in care, while acknowledging that the evidence to support this recommendation is weak. This cluster randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a psychosocial, community-based intervention on HIV-related and psychosocial outcomes. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting the trial in two districts...
October 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052353/living-with-an-indwelling-urethral-catheter-in-a-community-setting-exploring-triggers-for-unscheduled-community-nurse-out-of-hours-visits
#5
William G Mackay, Teresa MacIntosh, Angela Kydd, Anne Fleming, Cate O'Kane, Ashley Shepherd, Suzanne Hagen, Craig Williams, Fiona Rodgers, Margaret MacLachlan, Rhona Galbraith, Jean Rankin, Val McIver
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of community patients living with a urethral catheter and those caring for them. BACKGROUND: Living at home with an indwelling urethral catheter often results in consequences that create a double-edged burden; firstly, on patients and their relative carers, and secondly in terms of unscheduled community nurse service 'out of hours' provision. DESIGN: One-to-one interviews, were conducted with patients living at home, their relative carers, qualified community nurses, augmented home carers, and health care assistant...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052342/supported-housing-for-adults-with-psychiatric-disabilities-how%C3%A2-tenants-confront-the-problem-of-loneliness
#6
Myra Piat, Judith Sabetti, Deborah Padgett
The objective of this study was to examine the experience of loneliness among people with psychiatric disabilities after moving from custodial housing, including group homes, boarding homes, and family-type residences to independent, supported apartments in the community. Qualitative research methods guided by a naturalistic/constructivist framework were used. Data collection occurred between May 2014 and July 2015 and consisted of individual semi-structured interviews with 24 tenants residing in five supported housing sites across three Canadian provinces; interviews were also conducted with a designated family member for each tenant and with their service providers...
October 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052176/factors-associated-with-american-indian-mental-health-service-use-in-comparison-with-white-older-adults
#7
Heehyul Moon, Yeon-Shim Lee, Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify the factors that impact mental health service use among American Indian (AI) older adults living in South Dakota compared to their White counterparts. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design with 735 participants (n = 502 Whites, n = 233 AIs), we used ordinal regressions to analyze the extent to which predisposing, need, and enabling/hindering factors predicted the level of mental health service utilization...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051771/prevalence-predictors-and-economic-burden-of-morbidities-among-waste-pickers-of-mumbai-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Praveen Chokhandre, Shrikant Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap
BACKGROUND: The occupation of waste-picking characterised as 3Ds - dangerous, drudgery and demanding. In this context, the study aimed to assess occupational morbidities among the waste-pickers and attempts to identify potential individual level risk factors enhancing health risks. Additionally, economic burden of morbidities has been assessed. METHODS: The burden of the morbidities was assessed and compared with a comparison group through a cross-sectional survey...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051684/a-tripartite-taxonomy-of-character-evidence-for-intrapersonal-interpersonal-and-intellectual-competencies-in-children
#9
Daeun Park, Eli Tsukayama, Geoffrey P Goodwin, Sarah Patrick, Angela L Duckworth
Other than cognitive ability, what competencies should schools promote in children? How are they organized, and to what extent do they predict consequential outcomes? Separate theoretical traditions have suggested interpersonal, intrapersonal, and intellectual dimensions, reflecting how children relate to other people, manage their own goals and impulses, and engage with ideas, respectively. However, very little work has examined character empirically. In the current investigation, we partnered with middle schools that had previously identified character strengths relevant in their communities...
January 2017: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051439/current-mercury-exposure-from-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-mining-in-bombana-southeast-sulawesi-indonesia-future-significant-health-risks
#10
Masayuki Sakakibara, Koichiro Sera
The rapid expansion of the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) industry in developing countries has marginalized the local communities in poverty, and resulted in occupational exposure to mercury via the gold extraction process. We investigated the mercury exposure of the mining workers lived inside and outside the mining area. Based on the occupations of the contributors, the hair samples were divided into three subgroups: directly exposed, indirectly exposed, and a control. A total of 81 hair samples were analyzed by particle-induced X-ray emission spectrometry...
February 8, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051134/a-telerehabilitation-approach-to-enhance-quality-of-life-through-exercise-among-adults-with-paraplegia-study-protocol
#11
Shane Norman Sweet, Meredith Rocchi, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Dahlia Kairy, Brigitte Fillion
BACKGROUND: Despite compelling evidence linking physical activity and quality of life among adults with spinal cord injury (SCI), exercise participation rates are extremely low in this population. Unfortunately, a lack of behavioral exercise interventions, in particular theory-based randomized controlled trials (RCT), exists within the SCI literature. A pilot RCT is needed to first examine the feasibility to conduct such interventions and determine the appropriate effect size to inform future full-scale interventions...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051047/ostomy-telehealth-for-cancer-survivors-design-of-the-ostomy-self-management-training-osmt-randomized-trial
#12
Virginia Sun, Elizabeth Ercolano, Ruth McCorkle, Maria Grant, Christopher S Wendel, Nancy J Tallman, Frank Passero, Sabreen Raza, Zuleyha Cidav, Michael Holcomb, Ronald S Weinstein, Mark C Hornbrook, Robert S Krouse
PURPOSE: An ostomy adversely affects health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a diverse population of cancer survivors and their caregivers. Hit-or-miss ostomy care, nurse counseling, and community referral have been the primary modes of self-management education and support in the peri-operative setting. Few evidence-based, systematic ostomy self-management programs are available to ensure optimal post-operative care. This paper describes the study design of a telehealth-based Ostomy Self-management Training (OSMT) program for cancer survivors and their caregivers...
October 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050682/effect-of-exceptional-parental-longevity-and-lifestyle-factors-on-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-offspring
#13
Sriram Gubbi, Elianna Schwartz, Jill Crandall, Joe Verghese, Roee Holtzer, Gil Atzmon, Rebecca Braunstein, Nir Barzilai, Sofiya Milman
Offspring of parents with exceptional longevity (OPEL) manifest lower prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the role of lifestyle factors in this unique cohort is not known. Our study tested whether OPEL have lesser prevalence of CVD independent of lifestyle factors. Prevalence of CVD and CVD risk factors was assessed in a population of community-dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 to 94 years. Participants included OPEL (n = 395), defined as having at least 1 parent living past the age of 95 years, and offspring of parents with usual survival (OPUS, n = 450), defined as having neither parent survive to 95 years...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050658/addressing-health-disparities-from-within-the-community-community-based-participatory-research-and-community-health-worker-policy-initiatives-using-a-gender-based-approach
#14
Sara E Simonsen, Brenda Ralls, Anna Guymon, Teresa Garrett, Patricia Eisenman, Jeannette Villalta, O Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Valentine Mukundente, France A Davis, Kathleen Digre, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Coalition for a Healthier Community for Utah Women and Girls (CHC-UWAG) focused on addressing obesity-related health disparities impacting Utah women of color using community-based participatory research, a gender-based approach, and culturally sensitive health promotion activities delivered through community health workers (CHWs). A randomized trial of low vs. high intensity wellness coaching by CHWs was initiated. During this process, numerous policy issues emerged and were tracked...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050554/natural-variation-and-genetics-of-photoperiodism-in-wyeomyia-smithii
#15
William E Bradshaw, Christina M Holzapfel
Seasonal change in the temperate and polar regions of Earth determines how the world looks around us and, in fact, how we live our day-to-day lives. For biological organisms, seasonal change typically involves complex physiological and metabolic reorganization, the majority of which is regulated by photoperiodism. Photoperiodism is the ability of animals and plants to use day length or night length, resulting in life-historical transformations, including seasonal development, migration, reproduction, and dormancy...
2017: Advances in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049917/response-to-culturally-competent-drug-treatment-among-homeless-persons-with-different-living-arrangements
#16
Erick G Guerrero, Ahyoung Song, Benjamin Henwood, Yinfei Kong, Tina Kim
This study investigated the association between program cultural competence and homeless individuals' drug use after treatment in Los Angeles County, California. Los Angeles County has the largest and most diverse population of homeless individuals in the nation. We randomly selected for analysis 52 drug-treatment programs and 2158 participants who identified as homeless in the Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System in 2011. We included their living arrangements (indoors and stable, indoors and unstable, and outdoors) and individual and program characteristics (particularly whether their programs used six culturally competent practices) in multilevel regression analyses...
October 12, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049350/an-integrative-in-silico-approach-for-therapeutic-target-identification-in-the-human-pathogen-corynebacterium-diphtheriae
#17
Syed Babar Jamal, Syed Shah Hassan, Sandeep Tiwari, Marcus V Viana, Leandro de Jesus Benevides, Asad Ullah, Adrián G Turjanski, Debmalya Barh, Preetam Ghosh, Daniela Arruda Costa, Artur Silva, Richard Röttger, Jan Baumbach, Vasco A C Azevedo
Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Cd) is a Gram-positive human pathogen responsible for diphtheria infection and once regarded for high mortalities worldwide. The fatality gradually decreased with improved living standards and further alleviated when many immunization programs were introduced. However, numerous drug-resistant strains emerged recently that consequently decreased the efficacy of current therapeutics and vaccines, thereby obliging the scientific community to start investigating new therapeutic targets in pathogenic microorganisms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049278/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#18
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048537/group-living-and-male-dispersal-predict-the-core-gut-microbiome-in-wild-baboons
#19
Laura E Grieneisen, Josh Livermore, Susan Alberts, Jenny Tung, Elizabeth A Archie
The mammalian gut microbiome plays a profound role in the physiology, metabolism, and overall health of its host. However, biologists have only a nascent understanding of the forces that drive inter-individual heterogeneity in gut microbial composition, especially the role of host social environment. Here we used 178 samples from 78 wild yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus) living in two social groups to test how host social context, including group living, social interactions within groups, and transfer between social groups (e...
October 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048239/community-priorities-for-healthy-eating-in-older-adults
#20
Qianzhi Jiang, Nancy L Cohen, Melissa Ventura Marra, Kathleen Woolf, Judith Gilbride, Sarah L Francis
Community planners such as policymakers and health care and nutrition service providers can create an "age-friendly" environment to support healthy eating in older residents by addressing the highest priorities that enable older adults to improve their dietary intake through different food-related community settings. To identify and prioritize these factors that facilitate behavioral change (enablers) and behavioral settings important for older adult nutrition based on the social ecological model, nutrition and aging professionals (n = 30) from two rural (West Virginia, Iowa) and two urban (Massachusetts, New York) city/county regions (communities) participated in an online or live focus group discussion and completed an analytic hierarchy process survey online...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
keyword
keyword
12321
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"