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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110452/comparison-of-trace-elements-in-size-fractionated-particles-in-two-communities-with-contrasting-socioeconomic-status-in-houston-tx
#1
Inkyu Han, Yuncan Guo, Masoud Afshar, Thomas H Stock, Elaine Symanski
Levels of ambient air pollutants, including particulate matter (PM), are often higher in low-socioeconomic status (SES) communities than in high-SES communities. Houston is the fourth largest city in the USA and is home to a large petrochemical industry, an active port, and congested roadways, which represent significant emission sources of air pollution in the region. To compare levels of air pollution between a low-SES and a high-SES community, we simultaneously collected a 7-day integrated size-fractionated PM between June 2013 and November 2013...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110442/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-old-and-old-old-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Élvio R Quintal Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, José A Maia, Sergi Bermudez I Badia, Duarte L Freitas
PURPOSE: This study aimed (1) to examine the role of potential correlates of HRQoL in a large representative sample of older adults, and (2) to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and potential factors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old-old). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 802 older adults aged 60-79 years old. HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test...
January 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109337/paying-for-sex-by-young-men-who-live-on-the-streets-in-dhaka-city-compounded-sexual-risk-in-a-vulnerable-migrant-community
#3
Tracy L McClair, Tarik Hossain, Nargis Sultana, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Eileen A Yam, Sharif Hossain, Reena Yasmin, Najmus Sadiq, Michele R Decker, Saifuddin Ahmed
PURPOSE: Dhaka City is home to thousands of migrants from Bangladesh's rural areas who often live in the streets. Prior studies examine street youth's practice of selling sex as a survival mechanism. We assess their less-studied practice of paying for sex and its association with sexual risk behaviors and outcomes. METHODS: As part of the global Link Up project, trained interviewers recruited 447 young men who live on the streets, ages 15-24, from seven Dhaka City "hotspots" to participate in a survey about sexual health...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109336/increasing-uptake-of-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infection-and-family-planning-services-and-reducing-hiv-related-risk-behaviors-among-youth-living-with-hiv-in-uganda
#4
Lung Vu, Brady Burnett-Zieman, Cecily Banura, Jerry Okal, Margret Elang, Rodgers Ampwera, Georgina Caswell, Diana Amanyire, Jacquelyne Alesi, Eileen Yam
PURPOSE: To address barriers to care for youth living with HIV (YLHIV), the Link Up project implemented a peer-led intervention model that provided a comprehensive package of HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights services through community-based peer support groups for YLHIV. Peer educators delivered targeted counseling and health education, and referred YLHIV to antiretroviral therapy (ART), and reproductive health services that were available at youth-oriented sexual and reproductive health and rights facilities...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109311/patient-health-questionnaire-9-versus-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-screening-for-major-depressive-episodes-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#5
Iná S Santos, Beatriz Franck Tavares, Tiago N Munhoz, Patricia Manzolli, Gisele Bartz de Ávila, Eduardo Jannke, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Major depressive episodes (MDE) are frequent at the population level and are generally associated with severe symptoms that impair performance of activities of daily living of individuals suffering from this condition. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two tests that separately showed suitable properties in screening for MDE: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). METHODS: In a previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 and the EPDS in screening for MDE were compared with a structured diagnostic interview conducted by psychiatrics and psychologists using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview as the gold standard...
January 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109292/training-a-medical-workforce-to-meet-the-needs-of-diverse-minority-communities
#6
Faafetai Sopoaga, Tony Zaharic, Jesse Kokaua, Sahra Covello
BACKGROUND: The growing demand for a competent health workforce to meet the needs of increasingly diverse societies has been widely acknowledged. One medical school in New Zealand explored the integration of the commonly used patient-centred model approach, with an intersectional framework in the development of a cultural competency training programme. In the Pacific Immersion Programme, medical students in their fourth year of training are given the opportunity to learn about different factors that influence the health and health care of a minority community through immersion in that community...
January 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109287/how-useful-is-the-eq-5d-in-assessing-the-impact-of-caring-for-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Catherine Reed, Annabel Barrett, Jeremie Lebrec, Richard Dodel, Roy W Jones, Bruno Vellas, Anders Wimo, Josep Maria Argimon, Giuseppe Bruno, Josep Maria Haro
BACKGROUND: The impact on informal caregivers of caring for people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia can be substantial, but it remains unclear which measures(s) best assess such impact. Our objective was to use data from the GERAS study to assess the ability of the EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) to measure the impact on caregivers of caring for people with AD dementia and to examine correlations between EQ-5D and caregiver burden. METHODS: GERAS was a prospective, non-interventional cohort study in community-dwelling patients with AD dementia and their informal caregivers...
January 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109194/family-health-strategy-and-equity-in-prenatal-care-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-minas-gerais-brazil
#8
Mônica Viegas Andrade, Kenya Valéria Micaela de Souza Noronha, Allan Claudius Queiroz Barbosa, Michelle Nepomuceno Souza, Júlia Almeida Calazans, Lucas Resende de Carvalho, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha, Núbia Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care coverage is still not universal or adequately provided in many low and middle income countries. One of the main barriers regards the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care utilization. In Brazil, prenatal care is supplied for the entire population at the community level as part of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), which is the main source of primary care provided by the public health system. Brazil has some of the greatest income inequalities in the world, and little research has been conducted to investigate prenatal care utilization of FHS across socioeconomic groups...
January 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108781/potentially-inappropriate-medications-predictor-for-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
Mariana Martins Gonzaga do Nascimento, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Josélia Oliveira Araújo Firmo, Sérgio William Viana Peixoto, Antônio Ignácio de Loyola Filho
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use is a predictor for mortality in a community-based population of older adults. METHODS: A cohort study was performed between January 1, 1997, and December 31, 2011, based on data from a representative sample of the population aged 60 years or older living in Bambuí, Brazil. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between the variable of interest (use of PIM or pharmacological groups of PIM) and mortality were based on the extended Cox model for proportional hazards...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108639/prevalence-of-epilepsy-seizures-as-a-comorbidity-of-neurologic-disorders-in-nursing-homes
#10
Angela K Birnbaum, Ilo E Leppik, Kenneth Svensden, Lynn E Eberly
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of epilepsy/seizure (epi/sz) comorbid with other neurologic disorders in elderly nursing home residents and to examine demographic and regional variability and associations with clinical characteristics. METHODS: We studied 5 cross-sectional cohorts of all residents in any Medicare/Medicaid-certified nursing home in the United States on July 15 of each year from 2003 to 2007. Epi/sz was identified by ICD-9 codes (345.xx or 780...
January 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108093/source-apportionment-of-lead-in-the-blood-of-women-of-reproductive-age-living-near-tailings-in-taxco-guerrero-mexico-an-isotopic-study
#11
Analine Berenice Vázquez Bahéna, Oscar Talavera Mendoza, Ma Elena Moreno Godínez, Sergio Adrián Salgado Souto, Joaquín Ruiz, Gerardo Huerta Beristain
The concentration and isotopic composition of lead in the blood of forty seven women of reproductive age (15-45y) exposed to multiple sources in two rural communities of the mining region of Taxco, Guerrero in southern Mexico were determined in order to identify specific contributing sources and their apportionment and to trace probable ingestion pathways. Our data indicate that >36% of the studied women have blood lead concentrations above 10μgdL(-1) and up to 87% above 5μgdL(-1). Tailings contain between 2128 and 5988mgkg(-1) of lead and represent the most conspicuous source in the area...
January 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107362/population-muscle-strength-predicts-olympic-medal-tallies-evidence-from-20-countries-in-the-pure-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Darryl P Leong, Martin McKee, Salim Yusuf
BACKGROUND: National sporting achievement at the Olympic Games is important for national pride and prestige, and to promote participation in sport. Summer Olympic Games medal tallies have been associated with national wealth, and also social development and healthcare expenditure. It is uncertain however, how these socioeconomic factors translate into Olympic success. The objective of this study was therefore to examine the relationship between population muscle strength and Olympic medal tallies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107033/drinking-and-driving-and-perceptions-of-arrest-risk-among-california-drivers-relationships-with-dui-arrests-in-their-city-of-residence
#13
Kara E MacLeod, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, William A Satariano, Tara Kelley-Baker, John H Lacey, David R Ragland
OBJECTIVE: Addressing drinking and driving remains a challenge in the U.S. The present study aims to provide feedback on DUI in California by assessing if drinking and driving behavior is associated with the DUI arrest rates in the city in which the driver lives; if this is through perceptions that one can get arrested for this behavior; and if this differed by those drivers who would be most affected by deterrence efforts (those most likely to drink outside the home). METHODS: This study consisted of a 2012 roadside survey of 1,147 weekend nighttime drivers in California...
January 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106516/rural-end-of-life-care-from-the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-patients-and-family-caregivers-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Suzanne Rainsford, Roderick D MacLeod, Nicholas J Glasgow, Christine B Phillips, Robert B Wiles, Donna M Wilson
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care must be relevant to the dying person and their family caregiver regardless of where they live. Rural areas are distinct and need special consideration. Gaining end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers is needed to ensure optimal rural care. AIMS: To describe end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers, to identify facilitators and barriers to receiving end-of-life care in rural/remote settings and to describe the influence of rural place and culture on end-of-life care experiences...
January 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105781/a-qualitative-study-exploring-medication-management-in-people-with-dementia-living-in-the-community-and-the-potential-role-of-the-community-pharmacist
#15
Ian D Maidment, Lydia Aston, Tiago Moutela, Chris G Fox, Andrea Hilton
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia is increasing rapidly. People with dementia may be prescribed complex medication regimens, which may be challenging for them and any carers involved to safely manage. OBJECTIVE: To describe and understand the key challenges, in relation to medication issues, experienced by people with dementia and their informal carers dwelling in the community and the potential role of community pharmacists. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews...
January 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105771/the-interrater-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-home-falls-and-accidents-screening-tool-home-fast-in-malaysia-using-raters-with-a-range-of-professional-backgrounds
#16
Muhammad Hibatullah Romli, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Maw Pin Tan, Lindy Clemson
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Falls can be a devastating issue for older people living in the community, including those living in Malaysia. Health professionals and community members have a responsibility to ensure that older people have a safe home environment to reduce the risk of falls. Using a standardised screening tool is beneficial to intervene early with this group. The Home Falls and Accidents Screening Tool (HOME FAST) should be considered for this purpose; however, its use in Malaysia has not been studied...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105509/variation-in-metabolite-profiles-of-amphibian-skin-bacterial-communities-across-elevations-in-the-neotropics
#17
Daniel Medina, Myra C Hughey, Matthew H Becker, Jenifer B Walke, Thomas P Umile, Elizabeth A Burzynski, Anthony Iannetta, Kevin P C Minbiole, Lisa K Belden
Both the structure and function of host-associated microbial communities are potentially impacted by environmental conditions, just as the outcomes of many free-living species interactions are context-dependent. Many amphibian populations have declined around the globe due to the fungal skin pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), but enivronmental conditions may influence disease dynamics. For instance, in Panamá, the most severe Bd outbreaks have occurred at high elevation sites. Some amphibian species harbor bacterial skin communities that can inhibit the growth of Bd, and therefore, there is interest in understanding whether environmental context could also alter these host-associated microbial communities in a way that might ultimately impact Bd dynamics...
January 19, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104565/matter-of-will-the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-the-will-to-live
#18
Yuval Palgi
The present study examined how posttraumatic-stress-symptoms presented after prolonged traumatic exposure to rocket attacks are related to the perception of the worthiness of life among individuals in the second half of their lives. Additionally, it was questioned whether the subjective evaluation of the time one has left to live affects this relationship. Using an in-region random digit dialing methodology, phone calls made to residents in the south of Israel, we sampled 339 community-dwelling older adults (age range 50-90; M=65...
January 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104040/sexual-health-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-young-sudanese-queenslanders-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Judith Dean, Marion Mitchell, Donald Stewart, Joseph Debattista
Background: Forced migration is associated with sexual vulnerability. However, little is known about the sexual health literacy and needs of refugee-background youth post resettlement. Methods: Conducted in partnership with the Queensland Sudanese community, this study used a cross-sectional survey to explore the sexual health knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of a convenience sample of 16- to 24-year-old Sudanese-background youth in Australia (n=229). Results: Sexually transmissible infection (STI) and HIV knowledge scores were generally low, although they were found to significantly improve the longer participants had lived in Australia (P<0...
January 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103842/one-size-doesn-t-fit-all-cross-sectional-associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-crime-and-physical-activity-depends-on-age-and-sex-of-residents
#20
Andrea S Richardson, Wendy M Troxel, Madhumita B Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Gerald P Hunter, Amy S DeSantis, Natalie Colabianchi, Tamara Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Low-income African American adults are disproportionately affected by obesity and are also least likely to engage in recommended levels of physical activity (Flegal et al. JAMA 303(3):235-41, 2010; Tucker et al. Am J Prev Med 40(4):454-61, 2011). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is an important factor for weight management and control, as well as for reducing disease risk (Andersen et al. Lancet 368(9532):299-304, 2006; Boreham and Riddoch J Sports Sci 19(12):915-29, 2001; Carson et al...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
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