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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817644/cheek-tooth-morphology-and-ancient-mitochondrial-dna-of-late-pleistocene-horses-from-the-western-interior-of-north-america-implications-for-the-taxonomy-of-north-american-late-pleistocene-equus
#1
Christina I Barrón-Ortiz, Antonia T Rodrigues, Jessica M Theodor, Brian P Kooyman, Dongya Y Yang, Camilla F Speller
Horses were a dominant component of North American Pleistocene land mammal communities and their remains are well represented in the fossil record. Despite the abundant material available for study, there is still considerable disagreement over the number of species of Equus that inhabited the different regions of the continent and on their taxonomic nomenclature. In this study, we investigated cheek tooth morphology and ancient mtDNA of late Pleistocene Equus specimens from the Western Interior of North America, with the objective of clarifying the species that lived in this region prior to the end-Pleistocene extinction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#2
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816530/hemoglobin-a1c-blood-pressure-and-ldl-cholesterol-control-among-hispanic-latino-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#3
Sarah Stark Casagrande, Larissa Aviles-Santa, Leonor Corsino, Martha L Daviglus, Linda C Gallo, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Maria M Llabre, Samantha A Reina, Peter J Savage, Neil Schneiderman, Gregory A Talavera, Catherine C Cowie
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes who meet target A1c, blood pressure (BP), and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) recommendations, and ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors)/ARB (angiotensin receptor blocker) and statin medication use, by heritage and sociodemographic and diabetes-related characteristics. METHODS: Data were cross-sectional, collected between 2008-2011, and included adults age 18-74 years who reported a physician diagnosis of diabetes in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (N=2,148)...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816485/risks-resources-and-depressive-symptomatology-among-marshallese-adolescents
#4
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Don Willis
This study examined risks and resources to assess depressive symptom variation among a sample of Marshallese adolescents attending a Northwest Arkansas high school. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 10th-12th-grade students (N = 1,493). With a general response rate in excess of 78%, the subsample (n = 208) represented 75% of all Marshallese students attending the high school and approximately 9% of the total K-12 Marshallese population. Average depressive symptom (CES-D) scores for Marshallese adolescents were 17...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816464/influence-of-father-infant-relationship-on-infant-development-a-father-involvement-intervention-in-vietnam
#5
Lynn A Rempel, John K Rempel, Toan Nang Khuc, Le Thi Vui
We examined the extent to which fathers can be taught and encouraged to develop positive relationships with their children, especially in infancy, and the effects of this fathering intervention on infant development. A multifaceted relationally focused intervention was used to assist fathers in Vietnam to engage in responsive direct and indirect involvement with their infants and work together with the mother as part of a parenting team. Fathers and mothers from 13 communes in a rural and semiurban district were recruited to the intervention group...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816027/estimation-of-live-birth-and-population-prevalence-of-down-syndrome-in-nine-u-s-states
#6
Gert de Graaf, Frank Buckley, Jennifer Dever, Brian G Skotko
For all of the U.S. states with sufficient data, we estimated live birth and population prevalences for Down syndrome (DS). As social service resources vary between states, such data are important for public policy discussions and state planning. We predicted the actual and nonselective live birth prevalence, and population prevalence, for DS in nine U.S. states based on publicly available datasets from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. As of 2010, we estimated a population size for people with DS of 4,554 in MA (population prevalence 1 in 1,440), 6,101 in NJ (1 in 1,443), 14,315 in NY (1 in 1,355), 9,739 in IL (1 in 1,319), 4,354 in IN (1 in 1,491), 7,295 in MI (1 in 1,354), 9,099 in FL (1 in 2,071), 3,014 in KY (1 in 1,442), and 3,596 in AZ (1 in 1,784)...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814838/post-acute-care-for-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#7
Chung-Liang Lai, Ming-Miau Tsai, Jia-Yuan Luo, Wan-Chun Liao, Pi-Shan Hsu, Han-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke often causes functional decline in patients. Therefore, after the acute phase, many patients require post-acute care (PAC) to maximize their functional progress, reduce disability, and make it possible for them to return to their home and community. PAC can be provided in different settings. Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) proposed a PAC pilot program, effective since 2014, for stroke patients that allowed patients with the potential for functional improvement to receive PAC rehabilitation in regional or community hospitals...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814159/surviving-surveillance-how-pregnant-women-and-mothers-living-with-hiv-respond-to-medical-and-social-surveillance
#8
Saara Greene, Allyson Ion, Gladys Kwaramba, Lisa Lazarus, Mona Loutfy
Pregnant women and mothers living with HIV are under surveillance of service providers, family members, and the community at large. Surveillance occurs throughout the medical management of their HIV during pregnancy, preventing HIV transmission to their baby, infant feeding practices, and as part of assessments related to their ability to mother. Enacted and anticipatory HIV-related stigma can exacerbate the negative impact that being under surveillance has on mothers living with HIV as they move through their pregnancy, birthing, and mothering experiences...
August 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814151/long-term-care-service-trajectories-and-their-predictors-for-persons-living-with-dementia-results-from-a-canadian-study
#9
Denise S Cloutier, Margaret J Penning, Kim Nuernberger, Deanne Taylor, Stuart MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: We used latent transition analysis to explore common long-term care (LTC) service trajectories and their predictors for older adults with dementia. METHOD: Using linked administrative data collected over a 4-year interval (2008-2011), the study sample included 3,541 older persons with dementia who were clients of publicly funded LTC in British Columbia, Canada. RESULTS: Our results revealed relatively equal reliance on home care (HC) and facility-based residential care (RC) as starting points...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814123/establishing-the-neurorecovery-network-community-fitness-and-wellness-facilities-multi-site-fitness-facilities-provide-activity-based-interventions-and-assessments-for-evidence-based-functional-gains-in-neurologic-disorders
#10
Heather Tolle, Andrew Rapacz, Barry Weintraub, Carrie Shogren, Susan J Harkema, Jeremy L Gibson
BACKGROUND: Physical fitness is a necessity for those living with a spinal cord injury, yet access to fitness facilities, equipment, and specially trained fitness experts are limited. METHODS: This article introduces the concept of a network of fitness facilities specially geared towards individuals with spinal cord injury and other neurological disorders. RESULTS: The Community Fitness and Wellness branch of the NeuroRecovery Network was created to provide a continuum of care after traditional rehabilitation for individuals living with a spinal cord injury and other neurological disorders...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814114/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-to-assess-concerns-about-falls-among-hungarian-community-living-older-people
#11
Éva Kovács, Franciska Rozs, Anna Petridisz, Réka Erdős, Eszter Majercsik
PURPOSE: The Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) is a reliable and valid tool for assessing concerns about falling. Our aims were to translate, culturally adapt, and evaluate the main psychometric characteristics (internal consistency, reproducibility, and convergent construct validity) of the Hungarian version of the FES-I on a sample of community-living older adults. METHODS: After translating and culturally adapting the original scale, 165 community-living older adults (aged 60 years or over) participated in the measurements and filled in the questionnaire...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813753/pre-guideline-trends-associated-with-chest-radiograph-usage-for-pediatric-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-emergency-department-settings
#12
Eric W Jones, Benjamin Meyer, Aaron M Berg, Benson S Hsu
BACKGROUND: Health care spending in the U.S. totaled $3 trillion in 2014 and continues to increase rapidly. Minimizing waste through clinical guidelines is a promising strategy to reduce spending without compromising patient care. In 2011, clinical guidelines recommended against the use of chest X-ray (CXR) for diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in pediatric ambulatory settings. However, use of CXR has not changed post-guideline. Thus, understanding the drivers of CXR utilization prior to guideline implementation could improve guideline adherence...
May 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813423/health-needs-and-care-seeking-behaviours-of-yazidis-and-other-minority-groups-displaced-by-isis-into-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#13
Valeria Cetorelli, Gilbert Burnham, Nazar Shabila
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2014, ISIS overran Nineveh governorate in Northern Iraq. Yazidis and other religious minorities were subjected to brutal attacks and forced to seek refuge into the neighbouring Kurdistan Region, where they remain living in local communities or in camps. This survey provides a population-based assessment of the health needs and care seeking behaviours of Yazidis and other groups currently residing in camps. METHODS: The survey covered 13 camps managed by the Kurdish Board of Relief and Humanitarian Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813367/electron-transfer-processes-occurring-on-platinum-neural-stimulating-electrodes-pulsing-experiments-for-cathodic-first-charge-balanced-biphasic-pulses-for-0-566%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-k%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2-3-in-rat-subcutaneous-tissues
#14
Doe W Kumsa, Narendra Bhadra, Eric M Hudak, J Thomas Mortimer
OBJECTIVE: Our mission is twofold: (1) find a way to safely inject more charge through platinum electrodes than the Shannon limit (k  =  1.75) permits and (2) nurture an interest in the neural stimulation community to understand the electron transfer process occurring on neural stimulating electrodes. APPROACH: We report here on measurements of the electrode potential, performed on platinum neural stimulating electrodes in the subcutaneous space of an anesthetized rat under neural stimulation conditions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813243/arts-participation-counterbalancing-forces-to-the-social-stigma-of-a-dementia-diagnosis
#15
Beth Bienvenu, Gay Hanna
A diagnosis of dementia profoundly impacts a person in terms of both the functional progression of the disease and the social stigma associated with the diagnosis. A growing body of research demonstrates the effectiveness of innovative programs such as the Alzheimer's Poetry Project, Meet Me at MoMA, and TimeSlips™ in counterbalancing social stigma by building a social and emotional framework for strength-based living for people diagnosed with dementia through arts participation. These programs focus on supporting autonomy and generativity through creative expression to help sustain the social, emotional, and community fabric of people's lives in the face of significant counterbalancing forces (e...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813070/neonatal-hearing-screening-in-primary-health-care-and-family-health-care
#16
José Carlos Sabbag, Adriana Bender Moreira de Lacerda
Purpose: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) looks for early diagnosis and rehabilitation of newborns at risk or not of hearing impairment. The purpose is analyze the flow of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in the family health care strategy unit through the tracking and monitoring of children. Methods: This is a quantitative and retrospective study. The trace begins with the third copy of the Live Newborn Declaration, filled in at the maternity ward...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812804/barriers-to-the-implementation-of-the-health-and-rehabilitation-articles-of-the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-south-africa
#17
Meghan Hussey, Malcolm MacLachlan, Gubela Mji
BACKGROUND: The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is a milestone in the recognition of the human rights of persons with disabilities, including the right to health and rehabilitation. South Africa has signed and ratified the CRPD but still has a long way to go in reforming policies and systems in order to be in compliance with the convention. This paper seeks to fill a gap in the literature by exploring what the barriers to the implementation of the health and rehabilitation articles of the CRPD are, as identified by representatives of the disability community...
August 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812494/diabetes-nurse-sian-s-care-for-her-patients-radiates-from-her
#18
(no author information available yet)
I meet many people through my health condition and they always talk about senior diabetes nurse Sian Bodman with high regard. Reputations are important, especially in the valley community where I live.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812457/from-half-dead-to-being-free-resistance-to-hiv-stigma-self-disclosure-and-support-for-pmtct-hiv-care-among-couples-living-with-hiv-in-kenya
#19
Sydney A Spangler, Lisa L Abuogi, Eliud Akama, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Anna Helova, Pamela Musoke, Wafula Z Nalwa, Thomas A Odeny, Maricianah Onono, Iris Wanga, Janet M Turan
In sub-Saharan Africa, self-disclosure of HIV-positive status may be a pivotal action for improving access to prevention of mother-to-child transmission services. However, understanding of HIV stigma and disclosure, and their effects on demand for care remains incomplete - particularly in the current context of new antiretroviral therapy guidelines. The purpose of this study was to explore these issues among self-disclosed couples living in southwest Kenya. We conducted 38 in-depth interviews with HIV-positive pregnant or postpartum women and their male partners...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812295/just-like-in-their-home-country-a-multinational-perspective-on-living-arrangements-of-older-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#20
Zoya Gubernskaya, Zequn Tang
Older immigrants are more likely to share residence with their adult children and other family members than are U.S.-born older adults. Because socioeconomic factors only partially explain these differences and direct measures of cultural preferences are seldom available, the persistently high rates of intergenerational coresidence among the older foreign-born are often interpreted as driven by cultural preferences and/or a lack of assimilation. To challenge this interpretation, this study investigates the extent to which older immigrants' living arrangements deviate from those of older adults in their home countries...
August 15, 2017: Demography
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