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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145178/minor-hemisphere-major-syndromes
#1
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
A right "minor hemisphere" does not exist as the right hemisphere is dominant for awareness (nosognosia), spatial attention, emotional regulation, facial and voice expressions, visual recognition, and topographical orientation. Without the right hemisphere, the world would be flat, deprived of general and spatial attentions, pointing preferentially to the right side of the space, lacking visual experiences and emotions, exhibiting diminished awareness of the self and environment. Clinical-related syndromes of the right hemisphere are unilateral spatial neglect, object and face visual agnosia, the anosognosia for hemiparesis and/or hemianopia, misidentification syndromes, mania, and other obsessions for the food and the body...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141591/the-impact-of-pregnancy-loss-on-men-s-health-and-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#2
Clemence Due, Stephanie Chiarolli, Damien W Riggs
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that men's psychological and physical health outcomes after pregnancy loss differ from those of women. Our goal was to identify all literature with a focus on men's experiences of pregnancy loss in order to outline current evidence concerning men's wellbeing. METHODS: A systematic review of literature on men and pregnancy loss was undertaken following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) and Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE) guidelines...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138130/check-and-report-ebola-care-hotline-the-user-perspective-of-an-innovative-tool-for-postarrival-monitoring-of-ebola-in-the-united-states
#3
Ilana Olin McCarthy, Abbey E Wojno, Heather A Joseph, Scott Teesdale
BACKGROUND: The response to the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic included an unprecedented effort from federal, state, and local public health authorities to monitor the health of travelers entering the United States from countries with Ebola outbreaks. The Check and Report Ebola (CARE) Hotline, a novel approach to monitoring, was designed to enable travelers to report their health status daily to an interactive voice recognition (IVR) system. The system was tested with 70 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) federal employees returning from deployments in outbreak countries...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131968/development-of-body-emotion-perception-in-infancy-from-discrimination-to-recognition
#4
Alison Heck, Alyson Chroust, Hannah White, Rachel Jubran, Ramesh S Bhatt
Research suggests that infants progress from discrimination to recognition of emotions in faces during the first half year of life. It is unknown whether the perception of emotions from bodies develops in a similar manner. In the current study, when presented with happy and angry body videos and voices, 5-month-olds looked longer at the matching video when they were presented upright but not when they were inverted. In contrast, 3.5-month-olds failed to match even with upright videos. Thus, 5-month-olds but not 3...
November 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131372/reading-emotion-from-mouse-cursor-motions-affective-computing-approach
#5
Takashi Yamauchi, Kunchen Xiao
Affective computing research has advanced emotion recognition systems using facial expressions, voices, gaits, and physiological signals, yet these methods are often impractical. This study integrates mouse cursor motion analysis into affective computing and investigates the idea that movements of the computer cursor can provide information about emotion of the computer user. We extracted 16-26 trajectory features during a choice-reaching task and examined the link between emotion and cursor motions. Participants were induced for positive or negative emotions by music, film clips, or emotional pictures, and they indicated their emotions with questionnaires...
November 13, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124718/the-bangor-voice-matching-test-a-standardized-test-for-the-assessment-of-voice-perception-ability
#6
Constanze Mühl, Orla Sheil, Lina Jarutytė, Patricia E G Bestelmeyer
Recognising the identity of conspecifics is an important yet highly variable skill. Approximately 2 % of the population suffers from a socially debilitating deficit in face recognition. More recently the existence of a similar deficit in voice perception has emerged (phonagnosia). Face perception tests have been readily available for years, advancing our understanding of underlying mechanisms in face perception. In contrast, voice perception has received less attention, and the construction of standardized voice perception tests has been neglected...
November 9, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092612/similar-abilities-of-musicians-and-non-musicians-to-segregate-voices-by-fundamental-frequency
#7
Mickael L D Deroche, Charles J Limb, Monita Chatterjee, Vincent L Gracco
Musicians can sometimes achieve better speech recognition in noisy backgrounds than non-musicians, a phenomenon referred to as the "musician advantage effect." In addition, musicians are known to possess a finer sense of pitch than non-musicians. The present study examined the hypothesis that the latter fact could explain the former. Four experiments measured speech reception threshold for a target voice against speech or non-speech maskers. Although differences in fundamental frequency (ΔF0s) were shown to be beneficial even when presented to opposite ears (experiment 1), the authors' attempt to maximize their use by directing the listener's attention to the target F0 led to unexpected impairments (experiment 2) and the authors' attempt to hinder their use by generating uncertainty about the competing F0s led to practically negligible effects (experiments 3 and 4)...
October 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091114/primary-health-care-assessment-by-users-with-and-without-disabilities
#8
Maria Helena Morgani de Almeida, Samanta Pacheco, Stephanie Krebs, Amanda Manso Oliveira, Alessandra Samelli, Daniela Regina Molini-Avejonas, Rosé Colom Toldrá, Fátima Corrêa Oliver
PURPOSE: To evaluate the core (First Contact, Longitudinality, Comprehensiveness, and Coordination of Services) and derivative (Family Orientation, Community Orientation) attributes of primary health care (PHC) from the perspective of users with and without disabilities. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional study using the Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT) with users with and without disabilities of five basic health units (BHU) in a municipality where 55% of the population depends on the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS)...
October 26, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074099/efficacy-and-safety-of-long-acting-pasireotide-or-everolimus-alone-or-in-combination-in-patients-with-advanced-carcinoids-of-the-lung-and-thymus-luna-an-open-label-multicentre-randomised-phase-2-trial
#9
Piero Ferolla, Maria Pia Brizzi, Tim Meyer, Wasat Mansoor, Julien Mazieres, Christine Do Cao, Hervé Léna, Alfredo Berruti, Vincenzo Damiano, Wieneke Buikhuisen, Henning Grønbæk, Catherine Lombard-Bohas, Christian Grohé, Vincenzo Minotti, Marcello Tiseo, Javier De Castro, Nicholas Reed, Gabriella Gislimberti, Neha Singh, Miona Stankovic, Kjell Öberg, Eric Baudin
BACKGROUND: There are no data from prospective studies focused exclusively on patients with advanced lung and thymic carcinoids. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of long-acting pasireotide and everolimus, administered alone or in combination, in patients with advanced carcinoids of the lung or thymus. METHODS: LUNA was a prospective, multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 2 trial of adult patients (aged >18 years) with advanced (unresectable or metastatic), well differentiated carcinoid tumours of the lung or thymus, with radiological progression within 12 months before randomisation, and a WHO performance status of 0-2...
October 23, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060634/development-of-a-gesture-and-voice-controlled-system-for-burn-injury-prevention-in-individuals-with-disabilities
#10
Liam Swanepoel, Dawie van den Heever, Kiran Dellimore
Burn injury is a major public health issue in developing countries, with most injuries being largely associated with the use of kitchen stoves. This study details the development of a cost-effective gesture and voice recognition controlled (GVC) system to be used by individuals with disabilities to reduce the likelihood of burn injury and improve their quality of life. The device replaces conventional dial controls with voice and hand gesture recognition sensors and software which are designed to be easily implemented into a household kitchen...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033333/mothers-consistently-alter-their-unique-vocal-fingerprints-when-communicating-with-infants
#11
Elise A Piazza, Marius Cătălin Iordan, Casey Lew-Williams
The voice is the most direct link we have to others' minds, allowing us to communicate using a rich variety of speech cues [1, 2]. This link is particularly critical early in life as parents draw infants into the structure of their environment using infant-directed speech (IDS), a communicative code with unique pitch and rhythmic characteristics relative to adult-directed speech (ADS) [3, 4]. To begin breaking into language, infants must discern subtle statistical differences about people and voices in order to direct their attention toward the most relevant signals...
October 23, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023525/multisensory-emotion-perception-in-congenitally-early-and-late-deaf-ci-users
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ineke Fengler, Elena Nava, Agnes K Villwock, Andreas Büchner, Thomas Lenarz, Brigitte Röder
Emotions are commonly recognized by combining auditory and visual signals (i.e., vocal and facial expressions). Yet it is unknown whether the ability to link emotional signals across modalities depends on early experience with audio-visual stimuli. In the present study, we investigated the role of auditory experience at different stages of development for auditory, visual, and multisensory emotion recognition abilities in three groups of adolescent and adult cochlear implant (CI) users. CI users had a different deafness onset and were compared to three groups of age- and gender-matched hearing control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016168/voice-only-communication-enhances-empathic-accuracy
#13
Michael W Kraus
This research tests the prediction that voice-only communication increases empathic accuracy over communication across senses. We theorized that people often intentionally communicate their feelings and internal states through the voice, and as such, voice-only communication allows perceivers to focus their attention on the channel of communication most active and accurate in conveying emotions to others. We used 5 experiments to test this hypothesis (N = 1,772), finding that voice-only communication elicits higher rates of empathic accuracy relative to vision-only and multisense communication both while engaging in interactions and perceiving emotions in recorded interactions of strangers...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975549/sound-specificity-effects-in-spoken-word-recognition-the-effect-of-integrality-between-words-and-sounds
#14
Dorina Strori, Johannes Zaar, Martin Cooke, Sven L Mattys
Recent evidence has shown that nonlinguistic sounds co-occurring with spoken words may be retained in memory and affect later retrieval of the words. This sound-specificity effect shares many characteristics with the classic voice-specificity effect. In this study, we argue that the sound-specificity effect is conditional upon the context in which the word and sound coexist. Specifically, we argue that, besides co-occurrence, integrality between words and sounds is a crucial factor in the emergence of the effect...
October 3, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971424/recognizing-emotional-states-using-speech-information
#15
Michalis Papakostas, Giorgos Siantikos, Theodoros Giannakopoulos, Evaggelos Spyrou, Dimitris Sgouropoulos
Emotion recognition plays an important role in several applications, such as human computer interaction and understanding affective state of users in certain tasks, e.g., within a learning process, monitoring of elderly, interactive entertainment etc. It may be based upon several modalities, e.g., by analyzing facial expressions and/or speech, using electroencephalograms, electrocardiograms etc. In certain applications the only available modality is the user's (speaker's) voice. In this paper we aim to analyze speakers' emotions based solely on paralinguistic information, i...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970189/impact-of-a-telehealth-program-with-voice-recognition-technology-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-feasibility-study
#16
Heesun Lee, Jun-Bean Park, Sae Won Choi, Yeonyee E Yoon, Hyo Eun Park, Sang Eun Lee, Seung-Pyo Lee, Hyung-Kwan Kim, Hyun-Jai Cho, Su-Yeon Choi, Hae-Young Lee, Jonghyuk Choi, Young-Joon Lee, Yong-Jin Kim, Goo-Yeong Cho, Jinwook Choi, Dae-Won Sohn
BACKGROUND: Despite the advances in the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure (HF), the current hospital-oriented framework for HF management does not appear to be sufficient to maintain the stability of HF patients in the long term. The importance of self-care management is increasingly being emphasized as a promising long-term treatment strategy for patients with chronic HF. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a new information communication technology (ICT)-based telehealth program with voice recognition technology could improve clinical or laboratory outcomes in HF patients...
October 2, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961317/assessing-emotional-processing-difficulties-in-normotensive-individuals-with-high-and-isolated-blood-pressure-elevations
#17
Meenakshi Shukla, Rakesh Pandey, Jennifer Y F Lau
This study examined the effect of sense modality (auditory/visual) on emotional dampening (reduced responsiveness to emotions with elevation in blood pressure). Fifty-six normotensive participants were assessed on tasks requiring labelling and matching of emotions in faces and voices. Based on median split of systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively), participants were divided into low BP, high BP and isolated BP groups. On emotion-labelling tasks, analysis revealed reduced emotion recognition in the high BP than the low BP group...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951127/predictive-factors-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-after-prolonged-orotracheal-intubation
#18
Ana Carolina Martins de Oliveira, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Marina Silva Salomão, Graziela Chamarelli Bougo, Laélia Cristina Caseiro Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Lesions in the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx due to endotracheal intubation can cause reduction in the local motility and sensitivity, impairing the swallowing process, resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia. OBJECTIVE: To verify the predictive factors for the development of oropharyngeal dysphagia and the risk of aspiration in patients with prolonged orotracheal intubation admitted to an intensive care unit. METHODS: This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional and retrospective data collection study of 181 electronic medical records of patients submitted to prolonged orotracheal intubation...
September 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922047/long-term-average-speech-spectra-of-turkish
#19
Mustafa Yüksel, Bülent Gündüz
Long-term average speech spectra (LTASS) are a voice analysis method that is recommended to be used in various areas, such as hearing aid fittings, automatic speaker recognition and voice disorders. Evaluations of LTASS in different languages have been published; however, this analysis has not been conducted for the Turkish. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to conduct this analysis, generate normative values and compare the obtained LTASS curve for the Turkish with those obtained for other languages reported in the literature...
September 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892652/oral-histories-as-critical-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment
#20
Sarah Gabriella Hernandez, Ana Genkova, Yvette Castañeda, Simone Alexander, Jennifer Hebert-Beirne
Qualitative methods such as focus groups and interviews are common methodologies employed in participatory approaches to community health assessment to develop effective community health improvement plans. Oral histories are a rarely used form of qualitative inquiry that can enhance community health assessment in multiple ways. Oral histories center residents' lived experiences, which often reveal more complex social and health phenomena than conventional qualitative inquiry. This article examines an oral history research component of the Little Village Community Health Assessment, a collaborative research effort to promote health equity in an urban, Mexican ethnic enclave...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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