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Voice recognition

Wei-En J Tseng, Siew-Na Lim, Lu-An Chen, Shuo-Bin Jou, Hsiang-Yao Hsieh, Mei-Yun Cheng, Chun-Wei Chang, Han-Tao Li, Hsing-I Chiang, Tony Wu
Whether the cognitive processing of music and speech relies on shared or distinct neuronal mechanisms remains unclear. Music and language processing in the brain are right and left temporal functions, respectively. We studied patients with musicogenic epilepsy (ME) that was specifically triggered by popular songs to analyze brain hyperexcitability triggered by specific stimuli. The study included two men and one woman (all right-handed, aged 35-55 years). The patients had sound-triggered left temporal ME in response to popular songs with vocals, but not to instrumental, classical, or nonvocal piano solo versions of the same song...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Riyas Peringattuthodiyil, Tristan Holdsworth, Philip C Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
Joseph D Tucker, Stephen W Pan, Allison Mathews, Gabriella Stein, Barry Bayus, Stuart Rennie
BACKGROUND: Crowdsourcing contests (also called innovation challenges, innovation contests, and inducement prize contests) can be used to solicit multisectoral feedback on health programs and design public health campaigns. They consist of organizing a steering committee, soliciting contributions, engaging the community, judging contributions, recognizing a subset of contributors, and sharing with the community. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review describes crowdsourcing contests by stage, examines ethical problems at each stage, and proposes potential ways of mitigating risk...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Tengyu He, Chu-Cheng Lin, Liangjing Shi, Ranran Wang, Jing Sun
Recent years have witnessed a breathtaking development of wearable strain sensors. Coupling high sensitivity and stretchability in a strain sensor is greatly desired by emerging wearable applications but remains a big challenge. To tackle this issue, a through-layer buckle wavelength-gradient design is proposed and a facile and universal fabrication strategy is demonstrated to introduce such a gradient into the sensing film with multilayered sensing units. Following this strategy, strain sensors are fabricated using graphene woven fabrics (GWFs) as sensing units, which exhibit highly tunable electromechanical performances...
March 1, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Charlotte Whittle, Catherine Butler
BACKGROUND: The normalisation movement calls for more recognition of the sexual rights of people with intellectual disabilities to challenge classically paradoxical cultural beliefs: 'hypersexual' versus 'asexual'. AIMS: This meta-ethnographic qualitative synthesis aimed to explore the voices of people with intellectual disabilities in regards to their experiences and perceptions of sexuality using a Coordinated Management of Meaning framework to derive new conceptual understandings of how their sexuality exists within multiple contexts...
February 24, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Maartje J Schreuder, Thomas Meyer, Alana C Krix
This study was inspired by the case of a robbery victim who was startled and reminded of the crime upon hearing a stranger's voice, while not clearly recognizing the speaker. To investigate whether specific voices can modulate startle reactions and thereby predict speaker identification, we presented an audio hijack scenario to 84 participants and afterwards asked them to identify the perpetrator among neutral and negative speech fragments, while measuring flash-evoked eye-blink startle responses. Furthermore, we addressed data-driven cognitive processing during the audio scenario as a potential moderator in voice discrimination...
February 24, 2018: Biological Psychology
Tua Hakanpää, Teija Waaramaa, Anne-Maria Laukkanen
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the recognition of emotion in contemporary commercial music (CCM) and classical styles of singing. This information may be useful in improving the training of interpretation in singing. STUDY DESIGN: This is an experimental comparative study. METHODS: Thirteen singers (11 female, 2 male) with a minimum of 3 years' professional-level singing studies (in CCM or classical technique or both) participated. They sang at three pitches (females: a, e1, a1, males: one octave lower) expressing anger, sadness, joy, tenderness, and a neutral state...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Lingxi Lu, Xiaohan Bao, Jing Chen, Tianshu Qu, Xihong Wu, Liang Li
Under a noisy "cocktail-party" listening condition with multiple people talking, listeners can use various perceptual/cognitive unmasking cues to improve recognition of the target speech against informational speech-on-speech masking. One potential unmasking cue is the emotion expressed in a speech voice, by means of certain acoustical features. However, it was unclear whether emotionally conditioning a target-speech voice that has none of the typical acoustical features of emotions (i.e., an emotionally neutral voice) can be used by listeners for enhancing target-speech recognition under speech-on-speech masking conditions...
February 22, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Łukasz Okruszek
Social neuroscience offers a wide range of techniques that may be applied to study the social cognitive deficits that may underlie reduced social functioning-a common feature across many psychiatric disorders. At the same time, a significant proportion of research in this area has been conducted using paradigms that utilize static displays of faces or eyes. The use of point-light displays (PLDs) offers a viable alternative for studying recognition of emotion or intention inference while minimizing the amount of information presented to participants...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Duo-Duo Tao, Ji-Sheng Liu, Zhen-Dong Yang, Blake S Wilson, Ning Zhou
The hearing loss criterion for cochlear implant candidacy in mainland China is extremely stringent (bilateral severe to profound hearing loss), resulting in few patients with substantial residual hearing in the nonimplanted ear. The main objective of the current study was to examine the benefit of bimodal hearing in typical Mandarin-speaking implant users who have poorer residual hearing in the nonimplanted ear relative to those used in the English-speaking studies. Seventeen Mandarin-speaking bimodal users with pure-tone averages of ∼80 dB HL participated in the study...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
Sherry Bar, Kristen Grant, Sirisha Asuri, Shannon Holms
Patients as Partners is a quality improvement initiative of the British Columbia Ministry of Health (the Ministry) that aims to bring patient voice, choice, and representation to the forefront of healthcare through collaboration with patients, families, non-governmental organizations, funded partners, regional health authorities, and healthcare providers. A spectrum of patient engagement activities, including capacity building and self-management support, occur through partnerships at the individual patient and provider, community, and system levels...
January 1, 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
Irving Biederman, Bryan E Shilowich, Sarah B Herald, Eshed Margalit, Rafael Maarek, Emily X Meschke, Catrina M Hacker
We compare and contrast five differences between person identification by voice and face. 1. There is little or no cost when a familiar face is to be recognized from an unrestricted set of possible faces, even at RSVP presentation rates, but the accuracy of familiar voice recognition declines precipitously when the set of possible speakers is increased from one to a mere handful. 2. Whereas deficits in face recognition are typically perceptual in origin, those with normal perception of voices can manifest severe deficits in their identification...
February 2, 2018: Neuropsychologia
Melissa D Thye, Donna L Murdaugh, Rajesh K Kana
Evidence from cognitive and social neuroscience research suggests that Theory of Mind (ToM), the ability to attribute mental states to others, is mediated by a group of brain regions collectively known as the ToM network. Nevertheless, there is significant variability in the functional activation of regions within this network across tasks. The goal of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was to examine the common and differential neural mechanisms of two aspects of ToM processing (emotion/mental-state recognition and intentional attribution) using three distinct, but complementary ToM tasks (Reading the Mind in the Eyes (RMIE), Reading the Mind in the Voice (RMIV), and Intentional Causal Attribution) in healthy adults...
February 3, 2018: Neuroscience
Chiara Piccininni, Davide Quaranta, Costanza Papagno, Luigi Trojano, Antonia Ferrara, Simona Luzzi, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo, Camillo Marra, Guido Gainotti
In this normative study, we investigated famous people recognition through personal name, using as stimuli the names of the same 40 Italian famous persons whose faces and voices had been utilized for the normative study of the Famous People Recognition Battery. For each famous people, we assessed name familiarity, person identification (when the name had been considered as familiar), and false alarms. The investigation was carried out on 143 normal subjects who varied in age and education. Name familiarity and semantic scores were affected by educational level, whereas age influenced false alarms...
January 30, 2018: Neurological Sciences
Stacey A Van Gelderen, Kelly A Krumwiede, Norma K Krumwiede, Candace Fenske
PURPOSE: To describe the application of the Community-Based Collaborative Action Research (CBCAR) framework to uplift rural community voices while conducting a community health needs assessment (CHNA) by formulating a partnership between a critical access hospital, public health agency, school of nursing, and community members to improve societal health of this rural community. METHOD: This prospective explorative study used the CBCAR framework in the design, collection, and analysis of the data...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Anna R Tinnemore, Danielle J Zion, Aditya M Kulkarni, Monita Chatterjee
OBJECTIVES: It is known that school-aged children with cochlear implants show deficits in voice emotion recognition relative to normal-hearing peers. Little, however, is known about normal-hearing children's processing of emotional cues in cochlear implant-simulated, spectrally degraded speech. The objective of this study was to investigate school-aged, normal-hearing children's recognition of voice emotion, and the degree to which their performance could be predicted by their age, vocabulary, and cognitive factors such as nonverbal intelligence and executive function...
January 15, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Yuan-Hua Qi, Hui Wang, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Yan Jin, Xiao-Guang Ge, Zhi-Xian Jing, Ling Wang, Yu-Ping Zhao, Lan-Ping Guo, Lu-Qi Huang
In this paper, a data acquisition system based on mobile terminal combining GPS, offset correction, automatic speech recognition and database networking technology was designed implemented with the function of locating the latitude and elevation information fast, taking conveniently various types of Chinese herbal plant photos, photos, samples habitat photos and so on. The mobile system realizes automatic association with Chinese medicine source information, through the voice recognition function it records the information of plant characteristics and environmental characteristics, and record relevant plant specimen information...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Piotr Foltynski, Piotr Ladyzynski, Ewa Pankowska, Karolina Mazurczak
BACKGROUND: Patients using an insulin pump as part of their diabetes treatment need to calculate insulin bolus to compensate for a meal. Some patients do not modify their meal boluses according to the changing amount and composition of food products in a meal. The lack of correct meal boluses leads to unstable, and therefore harmful blood glucose levels. The aim of the current study was to test the system supporting bolus determination based on the voice description of a meal. METHODS: The developed bolus calculator consists of the smartphone application and three remote servers for automatic speech recognition, text analysis, and insulin dosage calculation...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Yael Zaltz, Raymond L Goldsworthy, Liat Kishon-Rabin, Laurie S Eisenberg
Cochlear implant (CI) users find it extremely difficult to discriminate between talkers, which may partially explain why they struggle to understand speech in a multi-talker environment. Recent studies, based on findings with postlingually deafened CI users, suggest that these difficulties may stem from their limited use of vocal-tract length (VTL) cues due to the degraded spectral resolution transmitted by the CI device. The aim of the present study was to assess the ability of adult CI users who had no prior acoustic experience, i...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
Angela Cooper, Natalie Fecher, Elizabeth K Johnson
How do children represent words? If lexical representations are based on encoding the indexical characteristics of frequently-heard speakers, this predicts that speakers like a child's own mother should be best understood. Alternatively, if they are based on the child's own motor productions, this predicts an own-voice advantage in word recognition. Here, we address this question by presenting 2.5-year-olds with recordings of their own voice, another child's voice, their own mother's voice, and another mother's voice in a child-friendly eye-tracking procedure...
December 26, 2017: Cognition
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