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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074577/permanent-patients-hospital-discharge-planning-meets-housing-insecurity
#1
Jennifer L Herbst
Not all hospital inpatients need the level of care (including staffing, testing, monitoring, and treatment) uniquely available in the acute-care setting. In the United States, these longer-term, nonacute inpatients tend to be some combination of chronically ill, poor, homeless, undocumented, uninsured, and disabled-all groups who have struggled for health equity, political recognition, and voice. Even so, these "permanent patients" continue to receive care in one of the most expensive settings. This phenomenon is the result of federal legislation that creates an affirmative duty to care for all able to access our emergency departments without also making safe housing available to all...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068120/daily-associations-between-ptsd-drinking-and-self-appraised-alcohol-related-problems
#2
Sarah M Wilson, Marketa Krenek, Paul A Dennis, Samantha S Yard, Kendall C Browne, Tracy L Simpson
Alcohol dependence (AD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid, yet limited research has focused on PTSD and daily drinking as they relate to self-appraised alcohol-related problems. In treatment contexts, patients' appraisals of alcohol-related problems have implications for assessment, intervention strategies, and prognosis. This study investigated the moderating effect of within-person (daily symptoms) and between-person (overall severity) differences in PTSD on the association between daily drinking and same-day alcohol-related problems...
January 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054821/multimodal-emotion-processing-deficits-are-present-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#3
Sophie C Andrews, Mathew Staios, Jim Howe, Katrina Reardon, Fiona Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Emotion processing abilities might be reduced in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Previous studies of emotion processing in ALS have inconsistent results, and are limited by variations in task difficulty, modalities examined, and participants' cognitive status. The current study used a battery of emotion processing tasks at differing levels of difficulty and across different modalities (facial affect and voice prosody) to assess the extent of emotion processing deficits in nondemented ALS...
January 5, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018573/basic-and-complex-emotion-recognition-in-children-with-autism-cross-cultural-findings
#4
Shimrit Fridenson-Hayo, Steve Berggren, Amandine Lassalle, Shahar Tal, Delia Pigat, Sven Bölte, Simon Baron-Cohen, Ofer Golan
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) have emotion recognition deficits when tested in different expression modalities (face, voice, body). However, these findings usually focus on basic emotions, using one or two expression modalities. In addition, cultural similarities and differences in emotion recognition patterns in children with ASC have not been explored before. The current study examined the similarities and differences in the recognition of basic and complex emotions by children with ASC and typically developing (TD) controls across three cultures: Israel, Britain, and Sweden...
2016: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988692/a-taxonomic-revision-of-the-musician-wren-i-cyphorhinus-i-i-arada-i-aves-troglodytidae-reveals-the-existence-of-six-valid-species-endemic-to-the-amazon-basin
#5
Fernanda Bocalini, Luís Fábio Silveira
Cyphorhinus arada, an Amazonian endemic, shows considerable geographic variation in plumage that has led to the recognition of eight subspecies. These include C. a. arada, C. a. salvini, C. a. modulator, C. a. transfluvialis, C. a. interpositus, C. a. griseolateralis, C. a. urbanoi and C. a. faroensis. However, a thorough taxonomic revision of the Cyphorhinus arada complex has never been undertaken, so we revise the taxonomy based on morphological and vocal characters. We analyzed a total of 515 museum specimens and 146 voice recordings representing and encompassing the distributions of all named taxa, including those currently considered not valid...
November 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986227/global-surgical-ecosystems-a-need-for-systems-strengthening
#6
Catherine R deVries, Jenna S Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: As surgery is gaining recognition as a critical component of universal health care worldwide, surgical communities have come together with unprecedented unity to advocate for systems to support surgical care. This community has long believed that much care could be performed in a cost-effective manner even in low resource settings, despite skepticism voiced by many in public health. To do so will require the development of new systems and re-vamping of old systems that are not effective...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960229/automated-telephone-communication-systems-for-preventive-healthcare-and-management-of-long-term-conditions
#7
REVIEW
Pawel Posadzki, Nikolaos Mastellos, Rebecca Ryan, Laura H Gunn, Lambert M Felix, Yannis Pappas, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Steven A Julious, Liming Xiang, Brian Oldenburg, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Automated telephone communication systems (ATCS) can deliver voice messages and collect health-related information from patients using either their telephone's touch-tone keypad or voice recognition software. ATCS can supplement or replace telephone contact between health professionals and patients. There are four different types of ATCS: unidirectional (one-way, non-interactive voice communication), interactive voice response (IVR) systems, ATCS with additional functions such as access to an expert to request advice (ATCS Plus) and multimodal ATCS, where the calls are delivered as part of a multicomponent intervention...
14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916672/famous-faces-and-voices-differential-profiles-in-early-right-and-left-semantic-dementia-and-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Simona Luzzi, Sara Baldinelli, Valentina Ranaldi, Katia Fabi, Viviana Cafazzo, Fabio Fringuelli, Mauro Silvestrini, Leandro Provinciali, Carlo Reverberi, Guido Gainotti
BACKGROUND: Famous face and voice recognition is reported to be impaired both in semantic dementia (SD) and in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), although more severely in the former. In AD a coexistence of perceptual impairment in face and voice processing has also been reported and this could contribute to the altered performance in complex semantic tasks. On the other hand, in SD both face and voice recognition disorders could be related to the prevalence of atrophy in the right temporal lobe (RTL)...
January 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908037/the-structure-of-hindi-stop-consonants
#9
Kushagra Singh, Nachiketa Tiwari
The pronunciation of stop consonants varies markedly with age, gender, accent, etc. Yet by extracting appropriate cues common to these varying pronunciations, it is possible to correctly identify the spoken consonant. In this paper, the structure underlying Hindi stop consonants is presented. This understanding may potentially be used as a "recipe" for their artificial synthesis. Hindi alphabet stops were analyzed for this purpose. This alphabet has an organized and comprehensive inventory of stop consonants, and its consonants invariably terminate with the neutral vowel schwa...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898342/voice-sensitive-brain-networks-encode-talker-specific-phonetic-detail
#10
Emily B Myers, Rachel M Theodore
The speech stream simultaneously carries information about talker identity and linguistic content, and the same acoustic property (e.g., voice-onset-time, or VOT) may be used for both purposes. Separable neural networks for processing talker identity and phonetic content have been identified, but it is unclear how a singular acoustic property is parsed by the neural system for talker identification versus phonetic processing. In the current study, listeners were exposed to two talkers with characteristically different VOTs...
February 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897126/recognition-of-deep-band-modulated-consonants-in-quiet-and-noise-in-older-individuals-with-and-without-hearing-loss
#11
Hemanth Narayan Shetty, Vishal Kooknoor
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of temporal envelope enhancement using deep band modulation (DBM) on consonant identification scores (CIS) and transfer of features such as place of articulation, manner of articulation, and voicing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from four groups of ten participants each. These were grouped into younger (YNH) and older adult (ONH) individuals with normal hearing and younger (YHI) and older adult (OHI) individuals with hearing impairment who had mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894706/improved-radiologists-efficiency-and-accuracy-with-the-application-of-scripting-software-for-the-automated-reporting-of-comparison-studies
#12
Russell O Kosik, Kevin K Lee, Young S Kang, Mahesh R Patel
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American College of Radiology reporting guidelines state that "comparison with relevant examinations and reports should be part of the radiologic consultation and report when appropriate and available." MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the use of open-source Windows scripting software for the automated retrieval of the date and time of prior studies. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The date and time of the comparative study are transferred automatically to the present report in a structured voice recognition dictation system with a "regular expression substitution pattern" construct...
November 25, 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885317/poetry-and-neuroscience-an-interdisciplinary-conversation
#13
James Wilkes, Sophie K Scott
Dialogues and collaborations between scientists and non-scientists are now widely understood as important elements of scientific research and public engagement with science. In recognition of this, the authors, a neuroscientist and a poet, use a dialogical approach to extend questions and ideas first shared during a lab-based poetry residency. They recorded a conversation and then expanded it into an essayistic form, allowing divergent disciplinary understandings and uses of experiment, noise, voice and emotion to be articulated, shared and questioned...
2016: Configurations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866691/vocal-parameters-and-self-perception-in-individuals-with-adductor-spasmodic-dysphonia
#14
Gleidy Vannesa E Rojas, Hilton Ricz, Vitor Tumas, Guilherme R Rodrigues, Patrícia Toscano, Lílian Aguiar-Ricz
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to compare and correlate perceptual-auditory analysis of vocal parameters and self-perception in individuals with adductor spasmodic dysphonia before and after the application of botulinum toxin. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Sixteen individuals with a diagnosis of adductor spasmodic dysphonia were submitted to the application of botulinum toxin in the thyroarytenoid muscle, to the recording of a voice signal, and to the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) questionnaire before the application and at two time points after application...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853730/-the-right-way-at-the-right-time-insights-on-the-uptake-of-falls-prevention-strategies-from-people-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers
#15
Claudia Meyer, Briony Dow, Keith D Hill, Jean Tinney, Sophie Hill
Strong evidence exists for effective falls prevention strategies for community-dwelling older people. Understanding the translation of these strategies into practice for people with dementia has had limited research focus. People with dementia desire to have their voice heard, to engage meaningfully in the health-care decision-making process, making it a priority for researchers and practitioners to better understand how to engage them in this process. This paper reports on the qualitative aspects of a series of studies, which aimed to identify the views of people with dementia and their caregivers regarding perceptions of falls prevention and the successes and challenges of adopting falls prevention strategies...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831929/improved-sensitivity-of-wearable-nanogenerators-made-of-electrospun-eu-3-doped-p-vdf-hfp-graphene-composite-nanofibers-for-self-powered-voice-recognition
#16
Prakriti Adhikary, Anirban Biswas, Dipankar Mandal
Composite nanofibers of Eu(3+) doped poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (P(VDF-HFP))/graphene are prepared by the electrospinning technique for the fabrication of ultrasensitive wearable piezoelectric nanogenerators (WPNGs) where the post-poling technique is not necessary. It is found that the complete conversion of the piezoelectric β-phase and the improvement of the degree of crystallinity is governed by the incorporation of Eu(3+) and graphene sheets into P(VDF-HFP) nanofibers. The flexible nanocomposite fibers are associated with a hypersensitive electronic transition that results in an intense red light emission, and WPNGs also have the capability of detecting external pressure as low as ~23 Pa with a higher degree of acoustic sensitivity, ~11 V Pa(-1), than has ever been previously reported...
December 9, 2016: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819457/more-than-a-boundary-shift-perceptual-adaptation-to-foreign-accented-speech-reshapes-the-internal-structure-of-phonetic-categories
#17
Xin Xie, Rachel M Theodore, Emily B Myers
The literature on perceptual learning for speech shows that listeners use lexical information to disambiguate phonetically ambiguous speech sounds and that they maintain this new mapping for later recognition of ambiguous sounds for a given talker. Evidence for this kind of perceptual reorganization has focused on phonetic category boundary shifts. Here, we asked whether listeners adjust both category boundaries and internal category structure in rapid adaptation to foreign accents. We investigated the perceptual learning of Mandarin-accented productions of word-final voiced stops in English...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808064/use-of-speech-to-text-technology-for-documentation-by-healthcare-providers
#18
REVIEW
Sima Ajami
Medical records are a critical component of a patient's treatment. However, documentation of patient-related information is considered a secondary activity in the provision of healthcare services, often leading to incomplete medical records and patient data of low quality. Advances in information technology (IT) in the health system and registration of information in electronic health records (EHR) using speechto- text conversion software have facilitated service delivery. This narrative review is a literature search with the help of libraries, books, conference proceedings, databases of Science Direct, PubMed, Proquest, Springer, SID (Scientific Information Database), and search engines such as Yahoo, and Google...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802287/how-psychological-stress-affects-emotional-prosody
#19
Silke Paulmann, Desire Furnes, Anne Ming Bøkenes, Philip J Cozzolino
We explored how experimentally induced psychological stress affects the production and recognition of vocal emotions. In Study 1a, we demonstrate that sentences spoken by stressed speakers are judged by naïve listeners as sounding more stressed than sentences uttered by non-stressed speakers. In Study 1b, negative emotions produced by stressed speakers are generally less well recognized than the same emotions produced by non-stressed speakers. Multiple mediation analyses suggest this poorer recognition of negative stimuli was due to a mismatch between the variation of volume voiced by speakers and the range of volume expected by listeners...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783464/performance-of-deep-and-shallow-neural-networks-the-universal-approximation-theorem-activity-cliffs-and-qsar
#20
David A Winkler, Tu C Le
Neural networks have generated valuable Quantitative Structure-Activity/Property Relationships (QSAR/QSPR) models for a wide variety of small molecules and materials properties. They have grown in sophistication and many of their initial problems have been overcome by modern mathematical techniques. QSAR studies have almost always used so-called "shallow" neural networks in which there is a single hidden layer between the input and output layers. Recently, a new and potentially paradigm-shifting type of neural network based on Deep Learning has appeared...
October 26, 2016: Molecular Informatics
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