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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774921/a-flexible-pressure-sensor-based-on-rgo-polyaniline-wrapped-sponge-with-tunable-sensitivity-for-human-motion-detection
#1
Gang Ge, Yichen Cai, Qiuchun Dong, Yizhou Zhang, Jinjun Shao, Wei Huang, Xiaochen Dong
High-performance stretchable and wearable electronic skins (E-skins) with high sensitivity and a large sensing range are urgently required with the rapid development of the Internet of things and artificial intelligence. Herein, a reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/polyaniline wrapped sponge is prepared via rGO coating and the in situ synthesis of polyaniline nanowires (PANI NWs) on the backbones of sponge for the fabrication of pressure sensors. From the as-prepared flexible sensor, tunable sensitivity (0.042 to 0...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757211/convolutional-neural-network-based-embarrassing-situation-detection-under-camera-for-social-robot-in-smart-homes
#2
Guanci Yang, Jing Yang, Weihua Sheng, Francisco Erivaldo Fernandes Junior, Shaobo Li
Recent research has shown that the ubiquitous use of cameras and voice monitoring equipment in a home environment can raise privacy concerns and affect human mental health. This can be a major obstacle to the deployment of smart home systems for elderly or disabled care. This study uses a social robot to detect embarrassing situations. Firstly, we designed an improved neural network structure based on the You Only Look Once (YOLO) model to obtain feature information. By focusing on reducing area redundancy and computation time, we proposed a bounding-box merging algorithm based on region proposal networks (B-RPN), to merge the areas that have similar features and determine the borders of the bounding box...
May 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754115/delusional-misidentifications-in-a-procrustean-bed
#3
EDITORIAL
G N Christodoulou, M Margariti, N Christodoulou
The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from thenon-delusional misidentifications (e...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749112/technology-enhanced-writing-therapy-for-people-with-aphasia-results-of-a-quasi-randomized-waitlist-controlled-study
#4
Jane Marshall, Anna Caute, Katie Chadd, Madeline Cruice, Katie Monnelly, Stephanie Wilson, Celia Woolf
BACKGROUND: Acquired writing impairment, or dysgraphia, is common in aphasia. It affects both handwriting and typing, and may recover less well than other aphasic symptoms. Dysgraphia is an increasing priority for intervention, particularly for those wishing to participate in online written communication. Effective dysgraphia treatment studies have been reported, but many did not target, or did not achieve, improvements in functional writing. Functional outcomes might be promoted by therapies that exploit digital technologies, such as voice recognition and word prediction software...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726715/applying-a-midwifery-lens-to-indigenous-health-care-delivery-the-contribution-of-campus-learning-and-rural-placements-to-effecting-systemic-change
#5
Rosalie D Thackrah, Sandra C Thompson
Study background Increasing cultural safety in health settings is essential to address stark health disparities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Respect for cultural knowledge, better communication, and recognition of racism as a determinant of health are required for improved service delivery. How this knowledge is acquired in health professional training and translated to clinical settings is poorly understood. Purpose Impacts of an innovative Indigenous health unit and remote clinical placements on knowledge acquisition and attitude change were explored among midwifery students to inform cultural competency initiatives in health professional training...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716261/effects-of-language-experience-and-task-demands-on-talker-recognition-by-children-and-adults
#6
Natalie Fecher, Elizabeth K Johnson
Talker recognition is a language-dependent process, with listeners recognizing talkers better when the talkers speak a familiar versus an unfamiliar language. This language familiarity effect (LFE) is firmly established in adults, but its developmental trajectory in children is not well understood. Some evidence suggests that the effect already exists in infancy, but little is known about how it unfolds in childhood. The present study explored whether the strength of the LFE increases in early childhood. Adults and children were tested in their native language and a foreign language using a "same-different" talker discrimination task and a "voice line-up" talker recognition task...
April 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655580/canadian-association-of-radiologists-white-paper-on-artificial-intelligence-in-radiology
#7
REVIEW
An Tang, Roger Tam, Alexandre Cadrin-Chênevert, Will Guest, Jaron Chong, Joseph Barfett, Leonid Chepelev, Robyn Cairns, J Ross Mitchell, Mark D Cicero, Manuel Gaudreau Poudrette, Jacob L Jaremko, Caroline Reinhold, Benoit Gallix, Bruce Gray, Raym Geis
Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly moving from an experimental phase to an implementation phase in many fields, including medicine. The combination of improved availability of large datasets, increasing computing power, and advances in learning algorithms has created major performance breakthroughs in the development of AI applications. In the last 5 years, AI techniques known as deep learning have delivered rapidly improving performance in image recognition, caption generation, and speech recognition...
April 11, 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627274/how-can-familiar-voice-recognition-be-intact-if-unfamiliar-voice-discrimination-is-impaired-an-introduction-to-this-special-section-on-familiar-voice-recognition
#8
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614253/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-familiar-voice-identity-recognition-in-the-human-brain
#9
Corrina Maguinness, Claudia Roswandowitz, Katharina Von Kriegstein
Humans have a remarkable skill for voice-identity recognition: most of us can remember many voices that surround us as 'unique'. In this review, we explore the computational and neural mechanisms which may support our ability to represent and recognise a unique voice-identity. We examine the functional architecture of voice-sensitive regions in the superior temporal gyrus/sulcus, and bring together findings on how these regions may interact with each other, and additional face-sensitive regions, to support voice-identity processing...
March 31, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605205/caregiver-and-pediatric-provider-perspectives-on-symptom-based-inhaled-corticosteroid-therapy-in-asthma
#10
Tiffany Dy, Ericka M Lewis, Vithya Murugan, Sarah Gehlert, Juanita Taylor, Jane Garbutt, Leonard B Bacharier, Mario Castro, Kaharu Sumino
OBJECTIVES: Guidelines recommend that healthcare providers adjust the dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in asthma patients based on the degree of symptom severity and control. Symptom-based, intermittent ICS therapy (use of ICS together with short acting bronchodilators- symptom-based adjustment: SBA) has been demonstrated to be comparable to guideline-based management by providers in controlled clinical trials. We sought input from African American caregivers and pediatricians on the acceptability and barriers for this alternative management strategy...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567099/short-and-long-term-visual-deprivation-leads-to-adapted-use-of-audiovisual-information-for-face-voice-recognition
#11
Stefania S Moro, Adria E N Hoover, Jennifer K E Steeves
Person identification is essential for everyday social interactions. We quickly identify people from cues such as a person's face or the sound of their voice. A change in sensory input, such as losing one's vision, can alter how one uses sensory information. We asked how people with only one eye, who have had reduced visual input during postnatal maturation of the visual system, use faces and voices for person identity recognition. We used an old/new paradigm to investigate unimodal (visual or auditory) and bimodal (audiovisual) identity recognition of people (face, voice and face-voice) and a control category, objects (car, horn and car-horn)...
March 19, 2018: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565989/biometrics-accessibility-challenge-or-opportunity
#12
Ramon Blanco-Gonzalo, Chiara Lunerti, Raul Sanchez-Reillo, Richard Michael Guest
Biometric recognition is currently implemented in several authentication contexts, most recently in mobile devices where it is expected to complement or even replace traditional authentication modalities such as PIN (Personal Identification Number) or passwords. The assumed convenience characteristics of biometrics are transparency, reliability and ease-of-use, however, the question of whether biometric recognition is as intuitive and straightforward to use is open to debate. Can biometric systems make some tasks easier for people with accessibility concerns? To investigate this question, an accessibility evaluation of a mobile app was conducted where test subjects withdraw money from a fictitious ATM (Automated Teller Machine) scenario...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552581/silent-speech-recognition-as-an-alternative-communication-device-for-persons-with-laryngectomy
#13
Geoffrey S Meltzner, James T Heaton, Yunbin Deng, Gianluca De Luca, Serge H Roy, Joshua C Kline
Each year thousands of individuals require surgical removal of their larynx (voice box) due to trauma or disease, and thereby require an alternative voice source or assistive device to verbally communicate. Although natural voice is lost after laryngectomy, most muscles controlling speech articulation remain intact. Surface electromyographic (sEMG) activity of speech musculature can be recorded from the neck and face, and used for automatic speech recognition to provide speech-to-text or synthesized speech as an alternative means of communication...
December 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550975/the-voice-is-as-mighty-as-the-pen-integrating-conversations-into-advance-care-planning
#14
Kunal Bailoor, Leslie H Kamil, Ed Goldman, Laura M Napiewocki, Denise Winiarski, Christian J Vercler, Andrew G Shuman
Advance care planning allows patients to articulate preferences for their medical treatment, lifestyle, and surrogate decision-makers in order to anticipate and mitigate their potential loss of decision-making capacity. Written advance directives are often emphasized in this regard. While these directives contain important information, there are several barriers to consider: veracity and accuracy of surrogate decision-makers in making choices consistent with the substituted judgement standard, state-to-state variability in regulations, literacy issues, lack of access to legal resources, lack of understanding of medical options, and cultural disparities...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542128/correlation-of-vocals-and-lyrics-with-left-temporal-musicogenic-epilepsy
#15
Wei-En J Tseng, Siew-Na Lim, Lu-An Chen, Shuo-Bin Jou, Hsiang-Yao Hsieh, Mei-Yun Cheng, Chun-Wei Chang, Han-Tao Li, Hsing-I Chiang, Tony Wu
Whether the cognitive processing of music and speech relies on shared or distinct neuronal mechanisms remains unclear. Music and language processing in the brain are right and left temporal functions, respectively. We studied patients with musicogenic epilepsy (ME) that was specifically triggered by popular songs to analyze brain hyperexcitability triggered by specific stimuli. The study included two men and one woman (all right-handed, aged 35-55 years). The patients had sound-triggered left temporal ME in response to popular songs with vocals, but not to instrumental, classical, or nonvocal piano solo versions of the same song...
March 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535488/a-pilot-of-the-use-of-voice-recognition-software-in-an-endocrine-outpatient-clinic
#16
Riyas Peringattuthodiyil, Tristan Holdsworth, Philip C Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523500/ethical-concerns-of-and-risk-mitigation-strategies-for-crowdsourcing-contests-and-innovation-challenges-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Joseph D Tucker, Stephen W Pan, Allison Mathews, Gabriella Stein, Barry Bayus, Stuart Rennie
BACKGROUND: Crowdsourcing contests (also called innovation challenges, innovation contests, and inducement prize contests) can be used to solicit multisectoral feedback on health programs and design public health campaigns. They consist of organizing a steering committee, soliciting contributions, engaging the community, judging contributions, recognizing a subset of contributors, and sharing with the community. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review describes crowdsourcing contests by stage, examines ethical problems at each stage, and proposes potential ways of mitigating risk...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493211/through-layer-buckle-wavelength-gradient-design-for-the-coupling-of-high-sensitivity-and-stretchability-in-a-single-strain-sensor
#18
Tengyu He, Chucheng Lin, Liangjing Shi, Ranran Wang, Jing Sun
Recent years have witnessed a breathtaking development of wearable strain sensors. Coupling high sensitivity and stretchability in a strain sensor is greatly desired by emerging wearable applications but remains a big challenge. To tackle this issue, a through-layer buckle wavelength-gradient design is proposed and a facile and universal fabrication strategy is demonstrated to introduce such a gradient into the sensing film with multilayered sensing units. Following this strategy, strain sensors are fabricated using graphene woven fabrics (GWFs) as sensing units, which exhibit highly tunable electromechanical performances...
March 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486384/sexuality-in-the-lives-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-meta-ethnographic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#19
REVIEW
Charlotte Whittle, Catherine Butler
BACKGROUND: The normalisation movement calls for more recognition of the sexual rights of people with intellectual disabilities to challenge classically paradoxical cultural beliefs: 'hypersexual' versus 'asexual'. AIMS: This meta-ethnographic qualitative synthesis aimed to explore the voices of people with intellectual disabilities in regards to their experiences and perceptions of sexuality using a Coordinated Management of Meaning framework to derive new conceptual understandings of how their sexuality exists within multiple contexts...
April 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486235/frightened-by-the-perpetrator-s-voice-startle-responsivity-and-cognitive-processing-predict-earwitness-speaker-identification
#20
Maartje J Schreuder, Thomas Meyer, Alana C Krix
This study was inspired by the case of a robbery victim who was startled and reminded of the crime upon hearing a stranger's voice, while not clearly recognizing the speaker. To investigate whether specific voices can modulate startle reactions and thereby predict speaker identification, we presented an audio hijack scenario to 84 participants and afterwards asked them to identify the perpetrator among neutral and negative speech fragments, while measuring flash-evoked eye-blink startle responses. Furthermore, we addressed data-driven cognitive processing during the audio scenario as a potential moderator in voice discrimination...
April 2018: Biological Psychology
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