keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peeling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937913/dietary-euphorbia-hirta-extract-improved-the-resistance-of-african-catfish-clarias-gariepinus-to-aeromonas-hydrophila
#1
Atefeh Sheikhlar, Goh Yong Meng, Razak Alimon, Nicholas Romano, Mahdi Ebrahimi
Aqueous and methanol extracts of lemon (Citrus lemon) peel, Euphorbia hirta (aerial parts) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds were tested for their in vitro antimicrobial activities against the bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila. A swab paper disk method showed the methanol extract of E. hirta (EHE) had the largest inhibition zone and the lowest minimal inhibitory concentration compared to all other herbal extracts. Based on these results, EHE was included in the diets of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) at 0 (control), 2, 5 or 7 g/kg diet (experiment 1)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936713/manual-removal-of-primary-posterior-capsular-plaques-using-retinal-end-grasping-forceps
#2
Gennady Landa, Khoa Pham
INTRODUCTION: Primary posterior capsular plaques can be highly adherent to the posterior capsule leading to possible posterior capsular rupture during attempted removal. Here we describe a novel method for posterior capsular plaque removal using a technique inspired by the experience of retina surgeon in the peeling of membranes from the posterior pole. METHODS: Retinal end-grasping forceps were used to peel the plaque from the posterior capsule. RESULTS: We have performed this technique on 12 eyes with successful removal of the posterior capsular plaque in all instances without compromise of the posterior capsule in any case...
September 21, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936059/a-case-of-unilateral-retinitis-pigmentosa-associated-with-full-thickness-macular-hole
#3
Lama Enani, Igor Kozak, Ehab Abdelkader
A 44-year-old Saudi female presented with poor right eye vision for 3 years. Visual acuity (VA) was 20/400 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. Examination and imaging showed all the typical features of retinitis pigmentosa in the right eye associated with full thickness macular hole (FTMH) and an essentially normal left eye. The case underwent pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and gas tamponade that resulted in anatomical closure of the FTMH, but VA remained the same.
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936043/the-potential-of-mangosteen-garcinia-mangostana-peel-extract-combined-with-demineralized-freeze-dried-bovine-bone-xenograft-to-reduce-ridge-resorption-and-alveolar-bone-regeneration-in-preserving-the-tooth-extraction-socket
#4
Utari Kresnoadi, Maretaningtias Dwi Ariani, Eha Djulaeha, Nike Hendrijantini
BACKGROUND: Following the extraction of a tooth, bone resorption can cause significant problems for a subsequent denture implant and restorative dentistry. Thus, the tooth extraction socket needs to be maintained to reduce the chance of any alveolar ridge bone resorption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether the administration of mangosteen peel extracts (MPEs), combined with demineralized freeze-dried bovine bone xenograft (DFBBX) materials for tooth extraction socket preservation, could potentially reduce inflammation by decreased the expression of nuclear factor κβ (NfKb) and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κβ ligand (RANKL), to inhibit alveolar bone resorption, and increased of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2) expressions to accelerate alveolar bone regeneration...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934314/mode-of-action-of-plectasin-derived-peptides-against-gas-gangrene-associated-clostridium-perfringens-type-a
#5
Xueling Zheng, Xiumin Wang, Da Teng, Ruoyu Mao, Ya Hao, Na Yang, Lifen Zong, Jianhua Wang
NZ2114 and MP1102 are novel plectasin-derived peptides with potent activity against Gram-positive bacteria. The antibacterial characteristics and mechanism of NZ2114 and MP1102 against gas gangrene-associated Clostridium perfringens were studied for the first time. The minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration of NZ2114 and MP1102 against resistant C. perfringens type A strain CVCC 46 were 0.91 μM. Based on the fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) result, an additive or synergic effect was observed between NZ2114 (FICI = 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933738/anti-diabetic-effects-of-phenolic-extract-from-rambutan-peels-nephelium-lappaceum-in-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#6
Qingyu Ma, Yan Guo, Liping Sun, Yongliang Zhuang
Recent studies have shown that rambutan peel phenolic (RPP) extract demonstrate high antioxidant and antiglycation activities in vitro and in vivo. This study further evaluated the anti-diabetic activity of RPP in a mouse model of Type II diabetes induced by streptozotocin combined with high-fat diet. Results showed that RPP increased the body weight and reduced the fasting blood glucose level of the diabetic mice. RPP significantly reduced the serum levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, creatinine, and glycated serum protein in diabetic mice in a dose-dependent manner...
July 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933474/exfoliation-of-graphene-and-fluorographene-in-molecular-and-ionic-liquids
#7
Émilie Bordes, Joanna Szala-Bilnik, Agílio A H Pádua
We use molecular dynamics simulations to study the exfoliation of graphene and fluorographene in molecular and ionic liquids, by performing computer experiments in which one layer of the 2D nanomaterial is peeled from a stack, in vacuum and in the presence of solvent. The liquid media and the nanomaterials are represented by fully flexible, atomistic force fields. From these simulations we calculate the potential of mean force, or reversible work, required to exfoliate the materials. Calculations in water and organic liquids showed that small amides (NMP, DMF) are among the best solvents for exfoliation, in agreement with the experiment...
September 21, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932537/the-role-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-management-of-symptomatic-pleural-effusion-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-best-evidence-topic-report
#8
REVIEW
Alfonso Fiorelli, Francesco Caronia, Aldo Prencipe, Mario Santini, Brendon Stiles
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written addressing whether video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) talc pleurodesis could be justified in patients with pleural effusion (PE) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and no-responded to repeated thoracentesis. Ten papers were identified to answer the question. Of these, two were case-series study including ≥4 patients, 7 retrospective analytical studies, and one observational study but no randomized controlled trial (RCTs) was included in the analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932294/aspirin-induced-gastric-lesions-alters-egfr-and-pecam-1-immunoreactivity-in-wistar-rats-modulatory-action-of-flavonoid-fraction-of-musa-paradisiaca
#9
Margaret Olutayo Alese, Stephen Olarinde Adewole, Kemi Feyisayo Akinwunmi, Abidemi Emmanuel Omonisi, Oluwole Ojo Alese
AIM: In this study, Epithelial Growth Factor Receptor and Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 were localised to investigate the healing effects of a flavonoid-rich fraction of M. paradisiaca fruit in the gastric corpus of Wistar rats following aspirin-induced gastric lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mature, unripe fruits of M. paradisiaca were peeled; air dried, pulverised, extracted with 70% methanol, concentrated and partitioned. Ninety male Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 6 groups of 15 rats each...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931207/study-on-the-effects-of-several-operational-variables-on-the-enzymatic-batch-saccharification-of-orange-solid-waste
#10
Isabel de la Torre, Marianela Ravelo, Silvia Segarra, Marta Tortajada, Victoria E Santos, Miguel Ladero
In this work, batch enzyme-aided extraction and enzymatic saccharification of blade-milled orange waste was studied. The operation variables for this process were thoroughly analysed. It was determined that batch runs with initial pH values of 5.0 and 5.2 controlled during the first hour, 50°C and 300-500r.p.m. agitation resulted in the best yields, with a limited total and partial first-order enzyme deactivation (for cellulases and polygalacturonidase, respectively). Orange peel waste (OPW) at 6.7% w/w dry solid, 0...
August 20, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930217/influence-of-different-isolation-methods-on-chemical-composition-and-bioactivities-of-the-fruit-peel-oil-of-citrus-medica-l-var-sarcodactylis-noot-swingle
#11
Gang Deng, Jonathan D Craft, Kelly Marie Steinberg, Pei Lei Li, Suraj Kumar Pokharel, William N Setzer
Background: The chemical composition and bioactivities of essential oils (EOs) of fingered citron (Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis (Noot.) Swingle) are considerably sensitive and lapsible during high-temperature processing of traditional separating techniques. In the present research, vacuum distillation and ultrafiltration were utilized in order to process the concentrated juice from fingered citron, obtaining a high-quality essential oil. Methods: In order to compare the essential oils obtained by conventional means, the chemical compositions of the essential oils were analyzed using GC-MS, before antimicrobial and antioxidant screening assays were carried out...
January 4, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928721/onion-peel-ethylacetate-fraction-and-its-derived-constituent-quercetin-4-o-%C3%AE-d-glucopyranoside-attenuates-quorum-sensing-regulated-virulence-and-biofilm-formation
#12
Hanan M Al-Yousef, Atallah F Ahmed, Nasser A Al-Shabib, Sameen Laeeq, Rais A Khan, Md T Rehman, Ali Alsalme, Mohamed F Al-Ajmi, Mohammad S Khan, Fohad M Husain
The resistance and pathogenesis of bacteria could be related to their ability to sense and respond to population density, termed quorum sensing (QS). Inhibition of the QS system is considered as a novel strategy for the development of antipathogenic agents, especially for combating drug-resistant bacterial infections. In the present study, the anti-QS activity of Onion peel ethylacetate fraction (ONE) was tested against Chromobacterium violaceum CV12472 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. ONE inhibit the QS-mediated virulence factors production such as violacein in C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928530/influence-of-drying-process-and-particle-size-of-persimmon-fibre-on-its-physicochemical-antioxidant-hydration-and-emulsifying-properties
#13
R Martínez-Las Heras, E F Landines, A Heredia, M L Castelló, A Andrés
Persimmon, given its current surplus production, could be an alternative source for the extraction of certain interesting ingredients for the food industry and human health, such as fibre. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyse the influence of hot air and freeze-drying, as well as the particle size of fibre extracted from persimmon peels or pulp on their physicochemical, antioxidant, hydration and emulsifying properties, compared to commercial fibres (from peach, lemon, orange and apple). The results showed that both freeze-dried persimmon pulp and freeze-dried peel had better hydration properties and oil holding capacity than other fibres analysed, although the swelling capacity was higher for lemon fibre...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928529/antioxidant-properties-and-phenolic-profile-characterization-by-lc-ms-ms-of-selected-tunisian-pomegranate-peels
#14
Mouna Abid, Héla Yaich, Salma Cheikhrouhou, Ibtihel Khemakhem, Mohamed Bouaziz, Hamadi Attia, M A Ayadi
Antioxidant contents and activities of different extracts from four Tunisian pomegranate peels, locally called "Acide", "Gabsi", "Nebli" and "Tounsi", were studied. Peels samples were extracted with three solvents (water, ethanol and acetone). For each extract, the total phenol contents and antioxidant activity were evaluated. The highest values of polyphenol, tannins, flavonoids and anthocyanins were recorded in the acetone extract of Acide ecotype with 304.6 mg gallic acid equivalent/g; 292.23 mg gallic acid equivalent/g; 15...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926186/levels-of-beta-trace-protein-in-optic-disc-pit-with-macular-detachment
#15
Karim Makdoumi, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Sven Crafoord
BACKGROUND: To report beta-trace protein (βTP) levels in the subretinal fluid (SRF) of four patients with a macular detachment associated with optic disc pit (ODP). METHODS: Four patients with a serous retinal detachment involving the macula was operated by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with C2 F6 gas tamponade and peeling of internal limiting membrane (ILM). Patients with a follow-up period exceeding one year postoperatively were included in the study. The SRF was drained using a fine cannula without laser photocoagulation, and the samples were analysed using particle-enhancing nephelometry...
September 19, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922880/a-side-door-to-meckel-s-cave-anatomic-feasibility-study-for-the-lateral-transorbital-approach
#16
Blake Harrison Priddy, Cristian Ferrareze Nunes, Andre Beer-Furlan, Ricardo Carrau, Iacopo Dallan, Daniel Monte-Serrat Prevedello
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, endoscopic skull base surgery has significantly developed and generated a plethora of techniques and approaches for access to the cranial ventral floor. However, the exploration for the least-aggressive, maximally efficient approach continues. OBJECTIVE: To describe in detail an anatomical study, along with the technical nuances of a novel endoscopic approach to Meckel's Cave (MC) using a lateral transorbital (LTO) route. METHODS: Eighteen orbits of injected cadaveric specimens were operated on, using an endoscopic LTO approach to MC, middle cranial fossa, and paramedian skull base preserving the orbital rim...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922122/semi-automatic-generation-of-stream-surfaces-via-sketching
#17
Jun Tao, Chaoli Wang
We present a semi-automatic approach for stream surface generation. Our approach is based on the conjecture that good seeding curves can be inferred from a set of streamlines. Given a set of densely traced streamlines over the flow field, we design a sketch-based interface that allows users to describe their perceived flow patterns through drawing simple strokes directly on top of the streamline visualization results. Based on the 2D stroke, we identify a 3D seeding curve and generate a stream surface that captures the flow pattern of streamlines at the outermost layer...
September 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920811/salt-bath-as-a-treatment-for-idiopathic-dermatitis-in-captive-nile-hippopotamus-hippopotamus-amphibius
#18
Kelly E Helmick
Ulcerative skin lesions were observed in two captive adult female hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius) from a zoological collection. Lesions appeared as cracking, peeling, or vesicles of the skin affecting the lateral and ventral aspects of the neck, limbs, thorax, and abdomen, dorsum, toes, and perineal region. Some lesions drained blood, serum, or purulent material. Histologic evaluation of sloughed skin consisted of deep dermal collagen with bacterial cellulitis and vasculitis and superficial fungal colonization...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917878/cellulose-nanocrystals-from-passion-fruit-peels-waste-as-antibiotic-drug-carrier
#19
Christian J Wijaya, Stephanie N Saputra, Felycia E Soetaredjo, Jindrayani N Putro, Chun X Lin, Alfin Kurniawan, Yi-Hsu Ju, Suryadi Ismadji
Due to its excellent chemical and physical properties, cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) possess many potential advanced functional applications. In this study, CNC was extracted from natural product by hydrolyzing cellulose segment of passionfruit peels using sulphuric acid solution. The capability of CNC as drug carrier was tested toward tetracycline antibiotic. The drug loading processes were carried out at various pH (3-7) with the optimum uptake of tetracycline achieved at pH 3. The in vitro release of tetracycline drug was carried out in phosphoric buffer medium with two different pH conditions at 37°C...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917795/portable-near-infrared-spectroscopy-applied-to-quality-control-of-brazilian-coffee
#20
Radigya M Correia, Flavia Tosato, Eloilson Domingos, Rayza R T Rodrigues, Luiz Felipe M Aquino, Paulo R Filgueiras, Valdemar Lacerda, Wanderson Romão
The use of portable micro-spectrometers such as a micro near infrared region (microNIR) spectrometer is a promising technique for solving analytical problems in several areas of science. This work evaluated the potential of microNIR in quality control of Arabica coffee. Arabica coffee has a high commercial value product, motivating the development of analytical methods with high sensitivity and accuracy for detection of its adulteration. Herein, microNIR was successfully used to determine the quality of Arabica coffee by identification and quantification of adulterations such as Robusta coffee (in different roasting levels), as well as corn, peels, and sticks...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
keyword
keyword
12301
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"