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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906140/management-of-citrus-waste-by-switching-in-the-production-of-nanocellulose
#1
Sania Naz, Naveed Ahmad, Javeed Akhtar, Nasir Mehmood Ahmad, Attarad Ali, Muhammad Zia
Citrus fruit processing industries produce a vast quantity of waste materials as peel and pulp that are not handled properly. In present study, waste generated from citrus has been used for extraction of cellulose and nanocellulose. The aggregated cellulose, derived after alkaline treatment, was acid hydrolysed; resulted in reduction of the size of cellulose fibre. The cellulose showed amorphous structure revealed by X-ray diffraction analysis. Scanning electron microscopy analysis explained densely packed structure of nanocellulose...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904577/comparison-the-effectiveness-of-pyruvic-acid-50-and-salicylic-acid-30-in-the-treatment-of-acne
#2
Fariba Jaffary, Gita Faghihi, Sara Saraeian, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicles and one of the most common skin diseases. The peeling method has been recently found to be effective for acne treatment. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of pyruvic acid 50% and salicylic acid 30% peeling in the treatment of mild to moderate acne. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective single-blinded clinical trial, 86 patients with acne were randomly assigned into two groups...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904413/influence-of-yellow-light-emitting-diodes-at-590-nm-on-storage-of-apple-tomato-and-bell-pepper-fruit
#3
Doris Kokalj, Janez Hribar, Blaž Cigić, Emil Zlatić, Lea Demšar, Lovro Sinkovič, Helena Šircelj, Grega Bizjak, Rajko Vidrih
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of irradiation from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on several fruits during storage. To improve storage and increase the contents of some bioactive compounds, apple, tomato and red bell pepper fruits were exposed to yellow light emitted from the diodes at 590 nm. The contents of ascorbic acid, total phenolics, total flavonoids and several pigments were investigated, along with the antioxidant potential. The colour parameters (L*, a* and b*) and firmness of the fruit were also determined...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902891/computerized-agility-training-improves-change-of-direction-and-balance-performance-independently-of-footwear-in-young-adults
#4
Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Joshua D Bravo, Shelby A Peel, Yuhua Li, Robert J Townsend
: Understanding the effects of training in different footwear on sporting performance would be useful to coaches and athletes. PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of computerized agility training using 3 types of footwear on change-of-direction and balance performance in young adults. METHOD: Thirty recreationally active young adults (Mage = 22.8 ± 3.1 years; Mheight = 1.71 ± 0.7 m; Mbodymass = 73.4 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to a 6-week computerized agility training intervention in 1 of 3 footwear groups (n = 10/group): barefoot, minimal footwear, or traditional shoes...
November 30, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902639/air-tamponade-combined-with-nonsupine-positioning-in-macular-hole-surgery-for-pseudophakic-eyes
#5
Vegard A Forsaa, Jørgen Krohn
PURPOSE: To investigate the closure rate of primary full-thickness macular hole, following intraocular air tamponade combined with a nonsupine positioning regimen. METHODS: A prospective study of patients with full-thickness macular hole, who underwent pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and intraocular air tamponade followed by 3 days of nonsupine positioning. Outcome measures were primary full-thickness macular hole closure and improvement in best-corrected visual acuity after 6 months...
November 29, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900896/sociolegal-and-practice-implications-of-caring-for-lgbt-people-with-dementia
#6
Elizabeth Peel, Helen Taylor, Rosie Harding
The needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people with dementia are poorly recognised. This is due partly to assumptions that all older people are heterosexual or asexual. One quarter of gay or bisexual men and half of lesbian or bisexual women have children, compared with 90% of heterosexual women and men, which means LGBT older adults are more likely to reside in care homes. Older LGBT people may be unwilling to express their sexual identities in care settings and this can affect their care. Members of older people's informal care networks must be recognised to ensure their involvement in the lives of residents in care settings continues...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900480/deep-and-superficial-oct-angiography-changes-after-macular-peeling-idiopathic-vs-diabetic-epiretinal-membranes
#7
Mario R Romano, Gilda Cennamo, Stefano Schiemer, Claudia Rossi, Federica Sparnelli, Giovanni Cennamo
BACKGROUND: To assess changes in deep and superficial perifoveal capillary plexus after macular peeling in idiopathic and diabetic epiretinal membrane (iERM and dERM, respectively). METHODS: Cross-sectional comparative study. We included 40 eyes from 40 patients affected by iERM (20 eyes) and dERM (20 eyes), as well as 34 eyes from 17 healthy, age-matched patients. Patients received a complete ophthalmic evaluation including axial and en-face scanning spectral-domain analysis, optical coherence tomography angiography, and microperimetry...
November 30, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896168/duodenal-atresia-associated-with-apple-peel-atresia-and-situs-inversus-abdominus-a-case-report
#8
H Ben Hamida, R Hadj Salem, K Ben Ameur, A Rassas, F Z Chioukh, R Sakka, N Kechiche, M Bizid, L Sahnoun, K Monastiri
Duodenal atresia is rarely associated with situs inversus abdominus. We report a case of duodenal atresia associated with small bowel atresia of apple peel type and situs inversus abdominus.
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895542/effect-of-tart-cherry-juice-on-recovery-and-next-day-performance-in-well-trained-water-polo-players
#9
Rachel McCormick, Peter Peeling, Martyn Binnie, Brian Dawson, Marc Sim
BACKGROUND: Tart Montmorency cherries contain high concentrations of phytochemicals and anthocyanins, which have recently been linked to improved athletic recovery and subsequent performance. To date however, previous work reporting promising results has focused on land-based endurance sports, with any potential benefits to team sports remaining unknown. As such, this investigation set-out to examine the effect of supplemental tart cherry juice (CJ) on recovery and next day athletic performance in highly-trained water-based team sport athletes over seven days...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894172/the-spect-ct-evaluation-of-compartmental-changes-after-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#10
Tae Won Kim, Byung Kag Kim, Dong Whan Kim, Jae Ang Sim, Beom Koo Lee, Yong Seuk Lee
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate compartmental changes using combined single-photon emission computerized tomography and conventional computerized tomography (SPECT/CT) after open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) for providing clinical guidance for proper correction. Materials and Methods: Analysis was performed using SPECT/CT from around 1 year after surgery on 22 patients who underwent OWHTO. Postoperative mechanical axis was measured and classified into 3 groups: group I (varus), group II (0°-3° valgus), and group III (>3° valgus)...
December 1, 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893625/robotic-vitreoretinal-surgery
#11
Roomasa Channa, Iulian Iordachita, James T Handa
PURPOSE: To review the current literature on robotic assistance for ophthalmic surgery, especially vitreoretinal procedures. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to August, 2016, for articles relevant to the review topic. Queries included combinations of the terms: robotic eye surgery, ophthalmology, and vitreoretinal. RESULTS: In ophthalmology, proof-of-concept papers have shown the feasibility of performing many delicate anterior segment and vitreoretinal surgical procedures accurately with robotic assistance...
November 23, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893044/failure-of-the-porcine-ascending-aorta-multidirectional-experiments-and-a-unifying-microstructural-model
#12
Colleen M Witzenburg, Rohit Y Dhume, Sachin B Shah, Christopher E Korenczuk, Hallie P Wagner, Patrick W Alford, Victor H Barocas
The ascending thoracic aorta is poorly understood mechanically, especially its risk of dissection. To make better predictions of dissection risk, more information about the multi-dimensional failure behavior of the tissue is needed, and this information must be incorporated into an appropriate theoretical / computational model. Towards the creation of such a model, uniaxial, equibiaxial, peel, and shear lap tests were performed on healthy porcine ascending aorta samples. Uniaxial and equibiaxial tests showed anisotropy with greater stiffness and strength in the circumferential direction...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892711/clinical-indicators-associated-with-hiv-acquisition-in-the-united-states-air-force
#13
William N Hannah, Shilpa Hakre, Peter Dawson, Hao Wu, Sheila A Peel, Nelson L Michael, Paul T Scott, Jason F Okulicz
Mandatory HIV screening of United States Air Force (USAF) personnel every two years effectively identifies incident cases, however testing frequency limits the ability to detect early HIV infection. Identifying clinical indicators of HIV in the USAF population is necessary to develop a supplemental provider-based targeted testing strategy. We conducted a matched case-control study of male active duty USAF personnel with a new HIV diagnosis (n = 452) between 1996 and 2011 matched to five randomly selected controls (n = 2176)...
November 28, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891467/an-in-vitro-comparative-study-of-shear-bond-strength-of-composite-resin-to-bleached-enamel-using-three-herbal-antioxidants
#14
Pratap Kumar Mukka, Nanda Kumar Komineni, Sambashivarao Pola, E Soujanya, Anand Ramtheerth Karne, Bhasker Nenavath, Sandeep Shiva, Pallavi Vuppunuthula
INTRODUCTION: If adhesive restorations are carried out imme-diately, the Shear Bond Strength (SBS) to bleached enamel is reduced. The use of antioxidants can be highlighted since it seems to be a more effective alternative to reduce or remove the residual oxygen and immediate improvement in SBS. AIM: The purpose of this in-vitro study was an attempt to regain the lost bond strength, for which, the comparison of SBS of composite resin to bleached enamel was carried out using various antioxidants i...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891217/models-of-eucalypt-phenology-predict-bat-population-flux
#15
John R Giles, Raina K Plowright, Peggy Eby, Alison J Peel, Hamish McCallum
Fruit bats (Pteropodidae) have received increased attention after the recent emergence of notable viral pathogens of bat origin. Their vagility hinders data collection on abundance and distribution, which constrains modeling efforts and our understanding of bat ecology, viral dynamics, and spillover. We addressed this knowledge gap with models and data on the occurrence and abundance of nectarivorous fruit bat populations at 3 day roosts in southeast Queensland. We used environmental drivers of nectar production as predictors and explored relationships between bat abundance and virus spillover...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890789/cyclosporin-derivatives-inhibit-hepatitis-b-virus-entry-without-interfering-the-ntcp-transporter
#16
Satomi Shimura, Koichi Watashi, Kento Fukano, Michael Peel, Ann Sluder, Fumihiro Kawai, Masashi Iwamoto, Senko Tsukuda, Junko S Takeuchi, Takeshi Miyake, Masaya Sugiyama, Yuki Ogasawara, Sam-Yong Park, Yasuhito Tanaka, Hiroyuki Kusuhara, Masashi Mizokami, Camille Sureau, Takaji Wakita
BACKGROUND&AIMS: Most of the specific inhibitors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) entry, including myrcludex-B and cyclosporin A (CsA), target an HBV entry receptor, sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP). As all these agents have capacities to impair the NTCP transporter activity for bile acid uptake and thus may cause significant adverse effects, we aim to identify small molecules that inhibit HBV entry but least affecting the NTCP transporter function. METHODS: We focused on derivatives of CsA, which originally inhibited both HBV entry and NTCP-mediated bile acid uptake, to analyze the possibility to distinguish these two activities...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890083/anticoccidial-efficacy-of-naringenin-and-a-grapefruit-peel-extract-in-growing-lambs-naturally-infected-with-eimeria-spp
#17
Agustín Pérez-Fonseca, Yazmin Alcala-Canto, Abdelfattah Z M Salem, Aldo B Alberti-Navarro
The current study aimed to determine the anti-Eimeria efficacy of an extract of grapefruit peels (GF) and commercial naringenin (NAR) in naturally-infected lambs, as well as the influence of these flavonoids on the oxidative status during ovine coccidiosis. Pharmacokinetic profiles were also determined. Extracts were administered per os to Eimeria naturally infected growing lambs during 90 consecutive days. The commercial anticoccidial drug toltrazuril (TTZ) was included in this trial as a standard. Twenty-four lambs were divided into four groups: NAR, lambs given a daily dose of 5mg of a commercial naringenin extract of 98% higher purity per kg body weight; GF, lambs that recived a daily dose of 5mg of ethanolic extract of grapefruit peels per kg body weight; TTZ, lambs treated with 20mg of toltrazuril/kg body weight on days 0 and 15 of the experiment; and CTRL, untreated lambs that received daily dose of 30ml of water...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887033/skin-irritation-and-sensitization-potential-of-fixed-dose-combination-of-diclofenac-1-and-menthol-3-topical-gel-results-of-two-phase-i-patch-studies
#18
D Jeffery Liu, A Collaku, J S Dosik
Phase I, randomized, controlled patch studies were conducted to evaluate skin sensitization and irritation potential of a new gel formulation containing 1% diclofenac and 3% menthol as a fixed-combination product.In study A, healthy volunteers were exposed to 4 test patches containing 1% diclofenac+3% menthol, diclofenac, menthol, or placebo gels during an induction (nine 48 to 72-h applications) and challenge phase (one 48-h application). Some subjects were re-challenged to evaluate suspected sensitization...
November 25, 2016: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883287/definition-classification-and-retrospective-analysis-of-photostimulable-phosphor-image-artefacts-and-errors-in-intraoral-dental-radiography
#19
Armagan Caliskan, Ayse Pinar Sumer
OBJECTIVES: To detect and determine image error and artefact types in intraoral radiographs obtained with PSP technology, place them in an appropriate classification and retrospectively analyse the PSP specific image errors and artefacts. The causes and solutions of PSP specific errors and artefacts have also been discussed. METHODS: The radiographic database of the Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology was used for this study...
November 24, 2016: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878454/pectinase-production-by-aspergillus-giganteus-in-solid-state-fermentation-optimization-scale-up-biochemical-characterization-and-its-application-in-olive-oil-extraction
#20
Gastón E Ortiz, María C Ponce-Mora, Diego G Noseda, Gabriela Cazabat, Celina Saravalli, María C López, Guillermo P Gil, Martín Blasco, Edgardo O Albertó
The application of pectinases in industrial olive-oil processes is restricted by its production cost. Consequently, new fungal strains able to produce higher pectinase titers are required. The aim of this work was to study the capability of Aspergillus giganteus NRRL10 to produce pectinolytic enzymes by SSF and evaluate the application of these in olive-oil extraction. A. giganteus was selected among 12 strains on the basis of high pectinolytic activity and stability. A mixture composed by wheat bran, orange, and lemon peels was selected as the best substrate for enzyme production...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
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