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Maria Cristina Ribeiro de Castro, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva
Dermatologists must be familiar with the peculiarities of the micro-organisms that may affect the elderly, in order to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of infections, which may affect their skin, especially because the world population is rapidly aging. It is estimated that there will be 434 million individuals over 80 years of age in 2050. Since the elderly population is rapidly increasing and their infections are usually more severe and different from those observed in younger adults, it leads to a statistical increase of the rates regarding hospitalization and mortality caused by infectious diseases among people over 85 years...
March 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
Paolo Cariati, Almudena Cabello-Serrano, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias, Maria Roman-Ramos, Blas Garcia-Medina
Complication of dental infections might be various and heterogeneous. The most common complications are represented by maxilar celulitis, canine space celulitis, infratemporal space celulitis, temporal celulitis and bacteremia. Among rarest complications we found: sepsis, bacterial endocarditis, mediastinitis, intracranial complications, osteomyelitis, etc. Although dental infections are often considered trivial entities, sometimes they can reach an impressive gravity. In this regard, the present study describes a case of dental infection complicated by meningitis, subdural empiema and cerebral vasculitis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Dino Papeš, Silvio Altarac, Anko Antabak, Ivan Savić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Taku Fujimura, Yumi Kambayashi, Sadanori Furudate, Aya Kakizaki, Setsuya Aiba
BACKGROUND: M2 macrophages play a critical role in the recruitment of T helper 2 (Th2) regulatory T cells (Treg). OBJECTIVES: To study the role of M2 macrophages and Treg cells in eosinophilic celulitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We employed immunohistochemical staining for CD163( )and CD206 (macrophages) as well as FoxP3 (Treg), in lesional skin of four cases of eosinophilic cellulitis. RESULTS: CD163(+) CD206(+) M2 macrophages, which were previously reported to produce CCL17 to induce Th2 cells and Treg cells, were predominantly infiltrating the subcutaneous tissues and interstitial area of the dermis...
March 2014: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Esther Tamayo, Milagrosa Montes, Guadalupe García-Medina, José M García-Arenzana, Emilio Pérez-Trallero
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid capsule plays a key role in Streptococcus pyogenes virulence. Circulation of mucoid or highly encapsulated strains has been related to rheumatic fever epidemics and invasive disease in several countries. In 2009, an outbreak of mucoid S. pyogenes isolates was detected in northern Spain. The aim of the study was to describe clinical and molecular characteristics of mucoid strains causing this outbreak and to compare them with a sample of non-mucoid S. pyogenes isolates obtained during the same period of time...
August 5, 2010: BMC Infectious Diseases
Joana Serra Caetano, Paula Neto, Manuela Costa Alves, Fernanda Rodrigues
INTRODUCTION: S. pyogenes is among the most common bacteria in Pediatrics, and is associated with a wide variety of infections and large range of severity. AIMS: The aim was to evaluate trends of Group A Streptococcal invasive disease in a paediatric tertiary hospital. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of the medical records of all children with group A streptococcal invasive disease (positive culture obtained from sterile sites), from January 1996 to December 2009 (14 years)...
May 2010: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Raúl Bustos B, Gonzalo Soto G, Lilian Hickmann O, Carlos Torres B
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a serious infection that compromises subcutaneous tissue, fascia, and adipose tissue, with high mortality rate and sequelae. Extremities, trunk and pelvis are the most common body sites affected. Periorbital celullitis with necrotizing fasciitis of the eyelid is rare. We report the case of a three years oíd child with bilateral NF of the eyelids and toxic shock syndrome secondary to Streptococcus pyogenes infection occurring after a minor skin trauma. Early recognition leading to intensive care treatment and prompt surgical debridement were critical in the favourable outcome of the child...
April 2009: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
André de Paula Fernandez, Ivan de Castro Neto, Christiane Ribeiro Anias, Patrícia Ciminelli Linhares Pinto, Jair de Carvalho E Castro, Arturo Frick Carpes
UNLABELLED: Piercing has become more and more popular among adolescents. The procedure is generally performed by unqualified professionals and carries its risk. Non-sterilized material or inappropiate hygiene increases the possibility of perichondritis and celulitis. The disease is characterized by erythema of the auricula pinna, unbearable pain and fever. Left untreated, the condition progresses with edema along the auricula and abscess formation that may result in ischemic necrosis and a cauliflower anesthetic deformation...
November 2008: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
L Torres Sopena, J Vela Moreno, C Navarro Pardos, J Sahagún Pareja, P Burillo Fuertes, J Lasso Olayo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2008: Revista Clínica Española
Dubravko Huljev
Necrotizing fasciitis is an acute surgical condition that demands prompt and multi-faceted treatment. Early recognition, aggressive surgical debridement, and targeted antibiotic therapy significantly affect the overall course of treatment and survival. The author reports here the case of a woman with necrotizing fasciitis of the abdominal wall and the course and methods of treatment. Two comorbidity factors (extreme obesity, diabetes) and the late diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis, the latter masked by celullitis and phlegmona of the abdominal wall, resulted in overdue adequate surgical treatment...
June 2007: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
P Pomar Blanco, C Martín Villares, J San Román Carbajo, M Fernández Pello, M Tapia Risueño
OBJECTIVES: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is nowadays the "gold standard" for frontal sinus pathologies, but management of acute situations and the aproach and/or the extent of the surgery perfomed in the frontal recess remains controversial nowadays. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report our experience in 4 patients with orbital celulitis due to frontal sinusitis who underwent combined external surgery (mini-trephination) and endoscopic sinus surgery. RESULTS: All patients managed sinus patency without any complications...
June 2005: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
B M Gatti, G A Ramirez Gronda, M Etchevarría, C M Vescina, A M Varea, S E González Ayala
Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) is the causative agent of several human diseases such as sepsis, meningitis, celulitis, and osteoarthritis. We investigated the isolation of Hi serotypes from sterile sites in sick children. One hundred and seventy nine strains from 146 patients were studied, period 1996-2002, at the Microbiology Laboratory, Hospital de Niños Superiora Sor María Ludovica, Argentina. The serotype distribution was:1 a, 112 b,1 c,1 d, 4 e, 3 f y 24 no typable. Since the beginning of universal Hi b vaccination in 1998, we have observed the fast decrease of serotype b and a relative increase of other serotypes...
January 2004: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
A López Llames, J L Llorente Pendás, V Suárez Fente, G Burón Martínez, C Suárez Nieto
OBJECTIVE: Despite the advances of endoscopic surgical techniques, the frontal sinus obliteration via the osteoplastic flap (OPF) remains the treatment option for frontal sinus pathologies. The aim of this study is to evaluate indications, procedures and results of this technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of thirty one patients that underwent OPF procedure between 1986 and 1999. RESULTS: The average patient's age was 42 years...
June 2003: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
E Gonçalves, F Furtado, J Estrada, M C Vale, M Pinto, M Santos, G Moura, C Vasconcelos
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare and severe infection characterised by extremely rapid progressive involvement of the superficial fascias and deep dermal layers of the skin, with resultant vasculitis and necrosis. The authors present three clinical cases of necrotizing fasciitis; all three patients previously had varicella rash, rapid progressive spreading erythema with severe pain and toxic shock syndrome. Two patients had positive cultures of b-haemolytic streptococcus. Early stage differential diagnosis with celulitis, aggressive antibiotic treatment and pediatric intensive care support are essential...
May 2001: Acta Médica Portuguesa
M A Rivera-Moreno, J A Mercado-Arellano, A Ulloa-Ricardez, M Franco-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated to mortality in newborn stage III necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC III). SETTING: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at the Hospital de Pediatría CMN Siglo XXI IMSS; Mexico City. METHODS: Twenty one clinical records were analyzed. A case-control study was realized from patients admitted in the NICU from January to November 1997. RESULTS: Two cases were excluded...
May 1999: Gaceta Médica de México
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