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Ampk cancer

O Awwad, F Coperchini, P Pignatti, M Denegri, S Massara, L Croce, C A Di Buduo, V Abbonante, A Balduini, L Chiovato, M Rotondi
PURPOSE: The AMPK-activator AICAR recently raised great interest for its anti-cancer properties. With specific regard to thyroid cancer, AICAR reduces cancer cell growth, invasion and metastasis. CXCL8, a chemokine with several recognized tumorigenic effects, is abundantly secreted in thyroid cancer microenvironment. The aim of this study was to investigate if AICAR could inhibit the basal and the TNFα-induced CXCL8 secretion in normal human thyroid cells (NHT) and in thyroid cancer cell lines TPC-1 and BCPAP (RET/PTC and BRAFV600e mutated, respectively)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
H Zhao, J Wang, D Fang, O Lee, R T Chatterton, V Stearns, S A Khan, S E Bulun
Obesity is associated with increased risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal but not in premenopausal women. Many factors may be responsible for this difference. The aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms by which the genes related to the AMPK pathway, inflammation, and estrogen actions are affected by adiposity in breast tissue with the objective of identifying differences that may explain the different breast cancer risk in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Random fine needle aspirates (rFNAs) of breast tissue were collected from 57 premenopausal and 55 postmenopausal women and were classified as normal weight, overweight, or obese...
March 15, 2018: Hormones & Cancer
Chia-Sheng Yen, Cheuk-Sing Choy, Wei-Jan Huang, Shiu-Wen Huang, Pin-Ye Lai, Meng-Chieh Yu, Ching Shiue, Ya-Fen Hsu, Ming-Jen Hsu
Growing evidence shows that hydroxamate-based compounds exhibit broad-spectrum pharmacological properties including anti-tumor activity. However, the precise mechanisms underlying hydroxamate derivative-induced cancer cell death remain incomplete understood. In this study, we explored the anti-tumor mechanisms of a novel aliphatic hydroxamate-based compound, WMJ-J-09, in FaDu head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells. WMJ-J-09 induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in FaDu cells. These actions were associated with liver kinase B1 (LKB1), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) activation, transcription factor p63 phosphorylation, as well as modulation of p21 and survivin...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Lars Kullmann, Michael P Krahn
The tumor suppressor LKB1 is an essential serine/threonine kinase, which regulates various cellular processes such as cell metabolism, cell proliferation, cell polarity, and cell migration. Germline mutations in the STK11 gene (encoding LKB1) are the cause of the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, which is characterized by benign polyps in the intestine and a higher risk for the patients to develop intestinal and extraintestinal tumors. Moreover, mutations and misregulation of LKB1 have been reported to occur in most types of tumors and are among the most common aberrations in lung cancer...
March 15, 2018: Oncogene
Takashi Yagi, Eiji Kubota, Hiroyuki Koyama, Tomohiro Tanaka, Hiromi Kataoka, Kenro Imaeda, Takashi Joh
Cancer is one of the major causes of death in diabetic patients, and an association between antidiabetic drugs and cancer risk has been reported. Such evidence implies a strong connection between diabetes and cancer. Recently, glucagon has been recognized as a pivotal factor implicated in the pathophysiology of diabetes. Glucagon acts through binding to its receptor, glucagon receptor (GCGR), and cross-talk between GCGR-mediated signals and signaling pathways that regulate cancer cell fate has been unveiled...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Seung Un Seo, Seon Min Woo, Kyoung-Jin Min, Taeg Kyu Kwon
Inhibition of cathespsin S not only inhibits invasion and angiogenesis, but also induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. In present study, we revealed that pharmacological inhibitor [Z-FL-COCHO (ZFL)] of cathepsin S up-regulates pro-apoptotic protein Bim expression at the posttranslational levels. These effects were not associated with MAPKs and AMPK signal pathways. Interestingly, pretreatment with the chemical chaperones (TUDCA and PBA) and knockdown of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) markedly inhibited ZFL-induced Bim upregulation...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Alicia Bort, Sergio Quesada, Ágata Ramos-Torres, Marta Gargantilla, Eva María Priego, Sophie Raynal, Franck Lepifre, Jose M Gasalla, Nieves Rodriguez-Henche, Ana Castro, Inés Díaz-Laviada
The key metabolic sensor adenosine monophosphate-dependent kinase (AMPK) has emerged as a promising therapeutic target for cancer prevention and treatment. Besides its role in energy homeostasis, AMPK blocks cell cycle, regulates autophagy and suppresses the anabolic processes required for rapid cell growth. AMPK is especially relevant in prostate cancer in which activation of lipogenic pathways correlate with tumor progression and aggressiveness. This study reports the discovery of a new series of 2-oxindole derivatives whose AMPK modulatory ability, as well as the antitumoral profile in prostate cancer cells, was evaluated...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Guang Ren, Agnes M Rimando, Suresh T Mathews
Pterostilbene, a bioactive component of blueberries and grapes, shows structural similarity to resveratrol, and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, hypoglycemic, and cholesterol lowering effects. Recent evidence indicates that pterostilbene is an agonist of the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α). Since PPAR-α agonists induce peroxisomal proliferation and fatty acid oxidation, we examined gene expression of acyl CoA oxidase (ACO) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (CPT-1)...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Chi-Han Wu, Fon-Chang Liu, Chun-Hsu Pan, Ming-Tsung Lai, Shou-Jen Lan, Chieh-Hsi Wu, Ming-Jyh Sheu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory activities of ethanolic extracts from Antrodia cinnamomea (EEAC) on lung cancer. Cell proliferation and cell cycle distribution were analyzed using (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) (MTT) assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Wound-healing assay, Western blotting, and a murine tumor model were separately used to examine cell migration, protein expression, and tumor repression. Our results showed that EEAC induced cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase resulting decreased cell viability in A549 cells...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Meng Zhang, Tingting Liu, Hui Sun, Weiwei Weng, Qiongyan Zhang, Chenchen Liu, Yang Han, Weiqi Sheng
Cancer cells metabolize glucose mainly by glycolysis and are well adapted to metabolic stress. Pim1 is an oncogene that promotes colorectal cancer (CRC) growth and metastasis, and its expression is positively correlated with CRC progression. However, the mechanism underlying Pim1 overexpression during CRC progression and the role of Pim1 in CRC metabolism remains unclear. In this study, we discovered that Pim1 expression was significantly upregulated in response to glucose deprivation-induced metabolic stress via AMPK signaling...
March 8, 2018: Cancer Science
Haoran Wang, Chen Zhu, Ying Ying, Lingyu Luo, Deqiang Huang, Zhijun Luo
Metformin has been used as a glucose lowering drug for several centuries and is now a first-line drug for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Since the discovery that it activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and reduces risk of cancer, metformin has drawn great attentions. Another drug, berberine, extracted from berberis vulgaris L. (root), was an ancient herbal medicine in treating diarrhea. Ongoing experimental and clinical studies have illuminated great potential of berberine in regulation of glucose and lipid homeostasis, cancer growth and inflammation...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Loredana Mauro, Giuseppina Daniela Naimo, Luca Gelsomino, Rocco Malivindi, Leonardo Bruno, Michele Pellegrino, Roberta Tarallo, Domenico Memoli, Alessandro Weisz, Maria Luisa Panno, Sebastiano Andò
Adipose tissue is a metabolic and endocrine organ that secretes bioactive molecules called adipocytokines. Among these, adiponectin has a crucial role in obesity-associated breast cancer. The key molecule of adiponectin signaling is AMPK, which is mainly activated by liver kinase B1 (LKB1). Here, we demonstrated that estrogen receptor-α (ERα)/LKB1 interaction may negatively interfere with the LKB1 capability to phosphorylate AMPK and inhibit its downstream signaling TSC2/mTOR/p70S6k. In adiponectin-treated MCF-7 cells, AMPK signaling was not working, resulting in its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) being still active...
March 7, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Qiongli Su, Ting Tao, Lei Tang, Jun Deng, Kwame Oteng Darko, Sichun Zhou, Mei Peng, Shanping He, Qing Zeng, Alex F Chen, Xiaoping Yang
Pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) regulates the final step of glycolysis levels that are correlated with the sensitivity of anticancer chemotherapeutic drugs. THP is one of the major drugs used in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer instillation chemotherapy. However, low response ratio of THP (19.7%) treatment to human genitourinary tumours using collagen gel matrix has been observed. This study aims to investigate the effect of down-regulation of PKM2 on THP efficiency. Via inhibitor or siRNA, the effects of reduced PKM2 on the efficiency of THP were determined in 2 human and 1 murine bladder cancer cell lines, using MTT, cologenic and fluorescence approaches...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yang Zhao, Yajing Liu, Li Lin, Qiong Huang, Wanming He, Shuyi Zhang, Shumin Dong, Zhaowei Wen, Jinjun Rao, Wangjun Liao, Min Shi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic plasticity has been increasingly thought to be a determinant of tumor growth and metastasis. MACC1, a transcriptional regulator of MET, was recognized as an oncogene in gastric cancer (GC); however, its transcriptional or post-translational regulation was not clear. We previously reported the metabolic role of MACC1 in glycolysis to promote GC progression. MACC1-AS1 is the antisense lncRNA of MACC1, yet its function was previously unknown. METHODS: We profiled and analyzed the expression of MACC1-AS1 utilizing the TCGA database as well as in situ hybridization using 123 pairs of GC tissues and matched adjacent normal gastric mucosa tissues (ANTs)...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Peng Zhang, Yarong Song, Yadong Sun, Xuechao Li, Lifeng Chen, Likun Yang, Yifei Xing
Prostate cancer (PCa) represents one of the most common solid neoplasms, and metastasis is the second leading cause of death in adult males. Anoikis is a programmed cell death that is induced upon cell detachment from the extracellular matrix (ECM), which behaves as a critical protective mechanism for anchorage-independent cell growth and metastasis formation. However, in the absence of ECM attachment, shift of metabolic pattern and tolerance to anoikis facilitate the survival of aggressive cancer cells in the circulatory system as well as their metastasis to distant sites...
March 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Songlin Liu, Yunhong Tang, Maomao Yan, Weixi Jiang
Breast cancer has been emerging as a most common threat among women, thus many efforts were made to find drugs for fighting breast cancer. So far, PI3K (Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase) inhibitors have been believed to be effective drugs until frequent resistance emerged. Recently, PI3K H1047R mutation has been reported to sensitize breast cancer cells to PI3K inhibition by aspirin. Considering aspirin activates AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) simultaneously, it is possible that AMPK activators and PI3K inhibitors can synergistically inhibit breast cancers...
March 5, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
Jennifer L F Port, Nathiya Muthalagu, Meera Raja, Fatih Ceteci, Tiziana Monteverde, Bjorn Kruspig, Ann Hedley, Gabriela Kalna, Sergio Lilla, Lisa Neilson, Martina Brucoli, Katarina Gyuraszova, Jacqueline Tait-Mulder, Mokdad Mezna, Silvija Svambaryte, Amy Bryson, David Sumpton, Allan McVie, Colin Nixon, Martin Drysdale, Hiroyasu Esumi, Graeme I Murray, Owen J Sansom, Sara Zanivan, Daniel J Murphy
Exploiting oxidative stress has recently emerged as a plausible strategy for treatment of human Cancer and anti-oxidant defences are implicated in resistance to chemo- and radiotherapy. Targeted suppression of anti-oxidant defences could thus broadly improve therapeutic outcomes. Here we identify the AMPK-related kinase NUAK1 as a key component of the anti-oxidant stress response pathway and reveal a specific requirement for this role of NUAK1 in colorectal cancer. We show that NUAK1 is activated by oxidative stress and that this activation is required to facilitate nuclear import of the anti-oxidant master regulator NRF2: Activation of NUAK1 coordinates PP1β inhibition with AKT activation in order to suppress GSK3β-dependent inhibition of NRF2 nuclear import...
March 2, 2018: Cancer Discovery
Lei Zhang, Wen Liu, Qun Wang, Qinpei Li, Huijuan Wang, Jun Wang, Tieshan Teng, Mingliang Chen, Ailing Ji, Yanzhang Li
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a relatively rare thyroid cancer responsible for a substantial fraction of thyroid cancer mortality. More effective therapeutic drugs with low toxicity for MTC are urgently needed. Orphan nuclear receptor 4A1 (NR4A1) plays a pivotal role in regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of a variety of tumor cells. Based on the NR4A1 protein structure, 2-imino-6-methoxy-2H-chromene-3-carbothioamide (IMCA) was identified from the Specs compounds database using the protein structure-guided virtual screening approach...
March 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Binita Das, Beth K Neilsen, Kurt W Fisher, Drew Gehring, Youcai Hu, Deanna J Volle, Hyun Seok Kim, Jamie L McCall, David L Kelly, John B MacMillan, Michael A White, Robert E Lewis
AMPK is a serine threonine kinase composed of a heterotrimer of a catalytic, kinase-containing α and regulatory β and γ subunits. Here we show that individual AMPK subunit expression and requirement for survival varies across colon cancer cell lines. While AMPKα1 expression is relatively consistent across colon cancer cell lines, AMPKα1 depletion does not induce cell death. Conversely, AMPKα2 is expressed at variable levels in colon cancer cells. In high expressing SW480 and moderate expressing HCT116 colon cancer cells, siRNA-mediated depletion induces cell death...
February 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
Satoshi Owada, Hitoshi Endo, Yukari Shida, Chisa Okada, Kanako Ito, Takahiro Nezu, Masayuki Tatemichi
Hepatocellular carcinoma has extremely poor prognosis. In cancerous liver tissues, aberrant proliferation of cancer cells leads to the creation of an area where an immature vascular network is formed. Since oxygen is supplied to cancer tissues through the bloodstream, a part of the tumor is exposed to hypoxic conditions. As hypoxia is known to severely reduce the effectiveness of existing anticancer agents, novel valid therapeutic targets must be identified for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Generally, autophagy has been reported to play an important role in the adaptation of cancer cells to hypoxia...
February 23, 2018: Oncology Reports
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