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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445967/lactobacillus-casei-zhang-and-vitamin-k2-prevent-intestinal-tumorigenesis-in-mice-via-adiponectin-elevated-different-signaling-pathways
#1
Yong Zhang, Chen Ma, Jie Zhao, Haiyan Xu, Qiangchuan Hou, Heping Zhang
The incidence of colon cancer has increased considerably and the intestinal microbiota participate in the development of colon cancer. We showed that the L. casei Zhang or vitamin K2 (Menaquinone-7) intervention significantly alleviated intestinal tumor burden in mice. This was associated with increased serum adiponectin levels in both treatments. But osteocalcin level was only increased by L. casei Zhang. Furthermore, the anti-carcinogenic actions of L. casei Zhang were mediated by hepatic Chloride channel-3(CLCN3)/Nuclear Factor Kappa B(NF-κB) and intestinal Claudin15/Chloride intracellular channel 4(CLIC4)/Transforming Growth Factor Beta(TGF-β) signaling, while the vitamin K2 effect involved a hepatic Vitamin D Receptor(VDR)-phosphorylated AMPK signaling pathway...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443281/myc-and-ampk-save-energy-or-die
#2
REVIEW
Heidi M Haikala, Johanna M Anttila, Juha Klefström
MYC sustains non-stop proliferation by altering metabolic machinery to support growth of cell mass. As part of the metabolic transformation MYC promotes lipid, nucleotide and protein synthesis by hijacking citric acid cycle to serve biosynthetic processes, which simultaneously exhausts ATP production. This leads to the activation of cellular energy sensing protein, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Cells with normal growth control can stop cell proliferation machinery to replenish ATP reservoirs whereas MYC prevents such break by blocking the cell cycle exit...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443090/immunometabolic-regulations-mediated-by-coinhibitory-receptors-and-their-impact-on-t-cell-immune-responses
#3
REVIEW
Nikolaos Patsoukis, Jessica D Weaver, Laura Strauss, Christoph Herbel, Pankaj Seth, Vassiliki A Boussiotis
Host immunity provides wide spectrum protection that serves to eradicate pathogens and cancer cells, while maintaining self-tolerance and immunological homeostasis. Ligation of the T cell receptor (TCR) by antigen activates signaling pathways that coordinately induce aerobic glycolysis, mitochondrial activity, anabolic metabolism, and T effector cell differentiation. Activation of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR triggers the switch to anabolic metabolism by inducing transcription factors such as Myc and HIF1, and the glucose transporter Glut1, which is pivotal for the increase of glucose uptake after T cell activation...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443025/honokiol-induces-apoptosis-g1-arrest-and-autophagy-in-kras-mutant-lung-cancer-cells
#4
Lian-Xiang Luo, Ying Li, Zhong-Qiu Liu, Xing-Xing Fan, Fu-Gang Duan, Run-Ze Li, Xiao-Jun Yao, Elaine Lai-Han Leung, Liang Liu
Aberrant signaling transduction induced by mutant KRAS proteins occurs in 20∼30% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, a direct and effective pharmacological inhibitor targeting KRAS has not yet reached the clinic to date. Honokiol, a small molecular polyphenol natural biophenolic compound derived from the bark of magnolia trees, exerts anticancer activity, however, its mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we sought to investigate the in vitro effects of honokiol on NSCLC cell lines harboring KRAS mutations...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440504/adipor1-mediated-mir-3908-inhibits-glioblastoma-tumorigenicity-through-downregulation-of-stat2-associated-with-the-ampk-sirt1-pathway
#5
Xiangming Liu, Jinglong Chen, Jinqian Zhang
A prospective method of treatment for cancer is to inhibit oncogene signaling pathways with microRNA (miRNA or miR). In the present study, whether the expression of STAT2, AdipoR1/AMPK/SIRT1 pathway of glioma is regulated by miR-3908 was explored. To confirm whether the predicted miR-3908 is matched with STAT2 and AdipoR1, 3'UTR luciferase activity of STAT2 and AdipoR1 was assessed. In the presence of the mimics or inhibitors of miR-3908, cell function of glioma cells, such as proliferation, growth, migration, invasion and apoptosis were analyzed...
April 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440448/modified-panax-ginseng-extract-regulates-autophagy-by-ampk-signaling-in-a549-human-lung-cancer-cells
#6
Hwa-Seung Yoo, Jung Min Kim, Eunbi Jo, Chong-Kwan Cho, Seung-Yeul Lee, Hwan Su Kang, Min-Goo Lee, Pei-Ying Yang, Ik-Soon Jang
Panax ginseng has been used worldwide as a traditional medicine for the treatment of cancer and other diseases. The antiproliferative activity of ginseng has been increased after enzymatic processing of ginseng saponin, which may result in the accumulation of minor saponins, such as Rh2, Rg3, compound K and protopanaxatriol type (PPT) in modified regular ginseng extract (MRGX). In the present study, the anticancer activity and the associated mechanisms of MRGX were investigated using A549 human lung cancer cells...
April 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431975/liposomal-curcumin-alters-chemosensitivity-of-breast-cancer-cells-to-adriamycin-via-regulating-microrna-expression
#7
Siying Zhou, Jian Li, Hanzi Xu, Sijie Zhang, Xiu Chen, Wei Chen, Sujin Yang, Shanliang Zhong, Jianhua Zhao, Jinhai Tang
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that curcumin can overcome drug resistance to classical chemotherapies, but poor bioavailability and low absorption have limited its clinical use and the mechanisms remain unclear. Also, Adriamycin (Adr) is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in breast cancer; however, the high resistant rate of Adr leads to a poor prognosis. METHODS: We utilized encapsulation in liposomes as a strategy to improve the bioavailability of curcumin and demonstrated that liposomal curcumin altered chemosensitivity of Adr-resistant MCF-7 human breast cancer (MCF-7/Adr) by MTT assay...
April 18, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426671/effect-of-mitochondrially-targeted-carboxy-proxyl-nitroxide-on-akt-mediated-survival-in-daudi-cells-significance-of-a-dual-mode-of-action
#8
Gokul Variar, Tarun Pant, Apoorva Singh, Abinaya Ravichandran, Sushant Swami, Balaraman Kalyanaraman, Anuradha Dhanasekaran
Vicious cycles of mutations and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation contribute to cancer progression. The use of antioxidants to inhibit ROS generation promotes cytostasis by affecting the mutation cycle and ROS-dependent survival signaling. However, cancer cells select mutations to elevate ROS albeit maintaining mitochondrial hyperpolarization (Δψm), even under hypoxia. From this perspective, the use of drugs that disrupt both ROS generation and Δψm is a viable anticancer strategy. Hence, we studied the effects of mitochondrially targeted carboxy proxyl nitroxide (Mito-CP) and a control ten carbon TPP moiety (Dec-TPP+) in the human Burkitt lymphoma cell line (Daudi) and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells under hypoxia and normoxia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423719/ampk%C3%AE-phosphatase-ppm1e-upregulation-in-human-gastric-cancer-is-required-for-cell-proliferation
#9
Min-Bin Chen, Yuan-Yuan Liu, Li-Bo Cheng, Jian-Wei Lu, Ping Zeng, Pei-Hua Lu
Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a valuable anti-cancer strategy. In the current study, we tested expression and potential function of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphatase (Ppm1E), an AMPKα phosphatase, in human gastric cancers. Ppm1E expression was elevated in human gastric cancer tissues (vs. normal tissues), which was correlated with AMPK (p-AMPKα, Thr-172) dephosphorylation and mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) activation. Ppm1E upregulation, AMPK inhibition and mTORC1 activation were also observed in human gastric cancer cell lines (AGS, HGC-27, and SNU601)...
March 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423712/model-based-unsupervised-learning-informs-metformin-induced-cell-migration-inhibition-through-an-ampk-independent-mechanism-in-breast-cancer
#10
Arjun P Athreya, Krishna R Kalari, Junmei Cairns, Alan J Gaglio, Quin F Wills, Nifang Niu, Richard Weinshilboum, Ravishankar K Iyer, Liewei Wang
We demonstrate that model-based unsupervised learning can uniquely discriminate single-cell subpopulations by their gene expression distributions, which in turn allow us to identify specific genes for focused functional studies. This method was applied to MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells treated with the antidiabetic drug metformin, which is being repurposed for treatment of triple-negative breast cancer. Unsupervised learning identified a cluster of metformin-treated cells characterized by a significant suppression of 230 genes (p-value < 2E-16)...
March 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423657/identification-and-characterization-of-rassf1c-pirna-target-genes-in-lung-cancer-cells
#11
Mark E Reeves, Mathew Firek, Abdullaati Jliedi, Yousef G Amaar
RASSF1C up-regulates important genes involved in lung cancer cell growth, including a stem cell self-renewal gene, piwil1. In this article, we report the identification of small noncoding PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) in lung cancer cells over-expressing RASSF1C. A piRNA microarray screen was performed using RNA isolated from the lung cancer cell line H1299 stably over-expressing RASSF1C and corresponding control. The piRNA microarray screen identified several piRNAs that are regulated by RASSF1C and we have validated the expression of two up-regulated piRNAs (piR-34871 and piR-52200) and two down-regulated piRNAs (piR-35127 and piR-46545) in lung cancer cells with silenced and over-expressed RASSF1C using RT-PCR...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416456/licoricidin-inhibits-the-growth-of-sw480-human-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-by-inducing-cycle-arrest-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#12
Shuai Ji, Shunan Tang, Kai Li, Ziwei Li, Wenfei Liang, Xue Qiao, Qi Wang, Siwang Yu, Min Ye
Licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) possesses significant anti-cancer activities, but the active ingredients and underlying mechanisms have not been revealed. By screening the cytotoxic activities of 122 licorice compounds against SW480 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells, we found that licoricidin (LCD) inhibited SW480 cell viability with an IC50 value of 7.2μM. Further studies indicated that LCD significantly induced G1/S cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in SW480 cells, accompanied by inhibition of cyclins/CDK1 expression and activation of caspase-dependent pro-apoptotic signaling...
April 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410423/daf-18-pten-signals-through-aak-1-ampk-to-inhibit-mpk-1-mapk-in-feedback-control-of-germline-stem-cell-proliferation
#13
Patrick Narbonne, Paul S Maddox, Jean-Claude Labbé
Under replete growth conditions, abundant nutrient uptake leads to the systemic activation of insulin/IGF-1 signalling (IIS) and the promotion of stem cell growth/proliferation. Activated IIS can stimulate the ERK/MAPK pathway, the activation of which also supports optimal stem cell proliferation in various systems. Stem cell proliferation rates can further be locally refined to meet the resident tissue's need for differentiated progeny. We have recently shown that the accumulation of mature oocytes in the C...
April 14, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407774/ros-signaling-under-metabolic-stress-cross-talk-between-ampk-and-akt-pathway
#14
REVIEW
Yang Zhao, Xingbin Hu, Yajing Liu, Shumin Dong, Zhaowei Wen, Wanming He, Shuyi Zhang, Qiong Huang, Min Shi
Cancer cells are frequently confronted with metabolic stress in tumor microenvironments due to their rapid growth and limited nutrient supply. Metabolic stress induces cell death through ROS-induced apoptosis. However, cancer cells can adapt to it by altering the metabolic pathways. AMPK and AKT are two primary effectors in response to metabolic stress: AMPK acts as an energy-sensing factor which rewires metabolism and maintains redox balance. AKT broadly promotes energy production in the nutrient abundance milieu, but the role of AKT under metabolic stress is in dispute...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407688/npc-26-kills-human-colorectal-cancer-cells-via-activating-ampk-signaling
#15
Zhen Zhao, Li Feng, Jiqin Wang, Deshan Cheng, Mei Liu, Meirong Ling, Weiping Xu, Keyu Sun
NPC-26 is novel mitochondrion-interfering compound. The current study tested its potential effect against colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. We demonstrated that NPC-26 induced potent anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activities against CRC cell lines (HCT-116, DLD-1 and HT-29). Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling mediated NPC-26-induced CRC cell death. AMPKα1 shRNA knockdown or dominant negative mutation abolished NPC-26-induced AMPK activation and subsequent CRC cell death. NPC-26 disrupted mitochondrial function, causing mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404910/thalidezine-a-novel-ampk-activator-eliminates-apoptosis-resistant-cancer-cells-through-energy-mediated-autophagic-cell-death
#16
Betty Yuen Kwan Law, Flora Gordillo-Martínez, Yuan Qing Qu, Ni Zhang, Su Wei Xu, Paolo Saul Coghi, Simon Wing Fai Mok, Jianru Guo, Wei Zhang, Elaine Lai Han Leung, Xing Xing Fan, An Guo Wu, Wai Kit Chan, Xiao Jun Yao, Jing Rong Wang, Liang Liu, Vincent Kam Wai Wong
Cancers illustrating resistance towards apoptosis is one of the main factors causing clinical failure of conventional chemotherapy. Innovative therapeutic methods which can overcome the non-apoptotic phenotype are needed. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is the central regulator of cellular energy homeostasis, metabolism, and autophagy. Our previous study showed that the identified natural AMPK activator is able to overcome apoptosis-resistant cancer via autophagic cell death. Therefore, AMPK is an ideal pharmaceutical target for chemoresistant cancers...
February 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401013/resistin-confers-resistance-to-doxorubicin-induced-apoptosis-in-human-breast-cancer-cells-through-autophagy-induction
#17
Zhenyu Liu, Aiping Shi, Dong Song, Bing Han, Zhiru Zhang, Le Ma, Dongxu Liu, Zhimin Fan
Clear evidence has linked obesity to a high risk of incidence as well as poor clinical outcome of breast cancer. It has been proven that changes in the levels of adipokines caused by obesity are associated with the initiation and progression of breast cancer. Resistin is a novel adipokine that is upregulated in breast cancer patients and promotes breast cancer cell growth, invasion, and migration. The aim of the study was to investigate whether resistin affected the efficacy of doxorubicin (Dox), one of the most effective anthracycline chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of breast cancer...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401008/autophagy-inhibits-cell-death-induced-by-the-anti-cancer-drug-morusin
#18
Sang Woo Cho, Wooju Na, Minji Choi, Shin Jung Kang, Seok-Geun Lee, Cheol Yong Choi
Autophagy is a cellular process by which damaged organelles and dysfunctional proteins are degraded. Morusin is an anti-cancer drug isolated from the root bark of Morus alba. Morusin induces apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells by reducing STAT3 activity. In this study, we examined whether morusin induces autophagy and also examined the effects of autophagy on the morusin-induced apoptosis. Morusin induces LC3-II accumulation and ULK1 activation in HeLa cells. In addition, we found that induction of ULK1 Ser317 phosphorylation and reduction of ULK1 Ser757 phosphorylation occurred simultaneously during morusin-induced autophagy...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387458/anti-tumorigenic-potential-of-a-novel-orlistat-aicar-combination-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#19
Clayton Wright, Anand Krishnan V Iyer, Vivek Kaushik, Neelam Azad
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in men worldwide. Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is reported to be overexpressed in several cancers including PCa, and this has led to clinical cancer treatments that utilize various FASN inhibitors such as the anti-obesity drug, Orlistat. However, pharmacological limitations have impeded the progress in cancer treatments expected thus far with FASN inhibition. In this study, we investigated a novel therapeutic combination to enhance the toxic potential of Orlistat in three different PCa cell-lines (DU145, PC3, and LNCaP)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383996/nfe2l2-nrf2-activity-is-linked-to-mitochondria-and-amp-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-in-cancers-through-mir-181c-mitochondria-encoded-cytochrome-c-oxidase-regulation
#20
Kyeong-Ah Jung, Sujin Lee, Mi-Kyoung Kwak
AIMS: The nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NFE2L2; NFE2L2/NRF2) pathway contributes to the environmental resistance of cancers by enhancing the antioxidant capacity. Here, we explored the potential connection between NFE2L2/NRF2 and mitochondrial function in cancers. RESULTS: Global miRNA expression analysis of HT29 and HCT116 human colon cancer cells identified that NFE2L2/NRF2 silencing upregulated miR-181c through nuclear factor-κB signaling, and this increase was associated with the reduction in mitochondria-encoded cytochrome c oxidase subunit-1 (MT-CO1), a catalytic core subunit of the complex IV of the electron transport chain (ETC)...
April 6, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
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