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Non hodgkins lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916317/presence-of-human-herpesvirus-8-hhv-8-dna-sequences-in-patients-with-lymphoproliferative-diseases-and-chronic-blood-disorders
#1
Hossein Keyvani, Mohammad Hadi Karbalaie Niya, Maryam Esghaei, Farah Bokharaei Salim, Seyed Hamid Reza Monavari
OBJECTIVE: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is the causative agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), but it has also been associated with different hematologic malignancies, including plasmablastic lymphoma, Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and various atypical lymphoproliferative disorders. Patients with underlying lymphoproliferative diseases and chronic blood disorders who become infected with this virus are at risk for human malignancies. This small study reported the frequency of human herpesvirus -8 in 81 Iranian patients with lymphoproliferative disorders for estimation of possible factors affecting malignancy...
September 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915427/breast-lymphoma-in-a-patient-with-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report-study
#2
Spyridon Marinopoulos, Panagiotis Safioleas, Lamprini Skorda, Eleni Vassilopoulou, Flora Zagouri, Maria Sotiropoulou, Peter Drakakis, Constantine Dimitrakakis
INTRODUCTION: Breast involvement in Non Hodgkin Lymphoma is a rare entity as it accounts for 2.2% of all extranodal lymphomas. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 59-year-old woman was referred to our Breast Unit because of two nodules of the right breast newly discovered during her annual mammography. Moreover, during the physical examination, a red-brown itchy lump of the scalp was discovered. The punch biopsies of the scalp lesion and ultrasound-guided core biopsies of both nodules of the right breast, revealed the presence of diffuse large B-cell Non Hodgkin Lymphoma in all tissue specimen sites...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915338/neurocognitive-psychosocial-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#3
Matthew J Ehrhardt, Daniel A Mulrooney, Chenghong Li, Malek J Baassiri, Kari Bjornard, John T Sandlund, Tara M Brinkman, I-Chan Huang, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Children with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergo treatment with central nervous system-directed therapy, the potentially neurotoxic effects of which have not been reported in NHL survivors. METHODS: NHL survivors (n = 187) participating in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort who were 10 or more years from their diagnosis and were 18 years old or older underwent neurocognitive, emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory 18), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments (36-Item Short Form Health Survey)...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914567/chemotherapy-free-triple-combination-of-obinutuzumab-venetoclax-and-idasanutlin-antitumor-activity-in-xenograft-models-of-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Frank Herting, Thomas Friess, Pablo Umaña, Steven Middleton, Christian Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912991/t-cell-histiocyte-rich-large-b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-rare-disease
#5
Uroosa Ibrahim, Gwenalyn Garcia, Amina Saqib, Shafinaz Hussein, Qun Dai
T cell histiocyte rich large B cell lymphoma (THRLBCL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by malignant B cells with reactive T lymphocytes. The pathophysiology is thought to involve cytokine-mediated evasion of T cell immune response by malignant B cells. It usually presents at an advanced stage with extranodal involvement. An extremely unusual manifestation of the disease is hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) which is a hyperinflammatory disorder. We present a case of a 43-year-old male who presented with recurrent fever and recent radiologic imaging showing splenomegaly and right inguinal lymphadenopathy...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912397/-combination-therapy-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#6
Shigehisa Kitano
Recently, monotherapies of immune checkpoint inhibitor have been approved for some malignant tumors such as advanced melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, renal cell cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, head and neck cancer in Japan. As the next step, to aim improvement of the clinical benefit, development of combination immunotherapies including immune checkpoint inhibitors are ongoing. In this chapter, recent strategies of clinical development of combination immunotherapy are described.
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911078/revival-of-pi3k-inhibitors-in-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#7
C L Batlevi, A Younes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911060/reduced-intensity-versus-reduced-toxicity-myeloablative-fludarabine-busulfan-based-conditioning-regimens-for-allografted-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-adult-patients-a-retrospective-study-on-behalf-of-the-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-francophone-de-greffe-de-moelle-et-de-th%C3%A3-rapie-cellulaire
#8
A Le Bourgeois, M Labopin, D Blaise, P Ceballos, S Vigouroux, R Peffault de Latour, A Marçais, C E Bulabois, J O Bay, S Chantepie, E Deconinck, E Daguindau, N Contentin, I Yakoub-Agha, J Cornillon, M Mercier, P Turlure, A Charbonnier, P S Rorhlich, S N'Guyen, N Maillard, T Marchand, M Mohty, P Chevallier
Background: Fludarabine/busulfan-based conditioning regimens are widely used to perform allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in high-risk non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients. The impact of the dose intensity of busulfan on outcomes has not been reported yet. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective with the aim to compare the outcomes of NHL patients who received before allo-SCT a fludarabine/busulfan conditioning regimen, either of reduced intensity (FB2, 2 days of busulfan at 4 mg/kg/day oral or 3...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910872/-pathologic-subtyping-of-primary-lymphoma-of-breast-and-prognostic-analysis
#9
Z J Zhou, J L Xie, P Wei, X G Zhou
Objective: To investigate the pathological types and prognostic factors of primary lymphoma of breast (PLB). Methods: The clinical pathological data of 115 cases of PLB during October 2006 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, and the basic clinical and pathological data, pathology types and the immunohistochemical slides by EliVision two-step method for staining were summarized. Results: Almost all the patients were women (113/115), and the median age was 52 years old (range: 27 to 81 years old). The main symptom was painless progressive mass in breast...
September 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910817/the-lung-in-dysregulated-states-of-humoral-immunity
#10
Yurdagül Uzunhan, Florence Jeny, Marianne Kambouchner, Morgane Didier, Diane Bouvry, Hilario Nunes, Jean-François Bernaudin, Dominique Valeyre
In common variable immunodeficiency, lung manifestations are related to different mechanisms: recurrent pneumonias due to encapsulated bacteria responsible for diffuse bronchiectasis, diffuse infiltrative pneumonia with various patterns, and lymphomas, mostly B cell extranodal non-Hodgkin type. The diagnosis relies on significant serum Ig deficiency and the exclusion of any primary or secondary cause. Histopathology may be needed. Immunoglobulin (IgG) replacement is crucial to prevent infections and bronchiectasis...
September 15, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906487/identification-of-11-13-dehydroivaxillin-as-a-potent-therapeutic-agent-against-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#11
Xinhua Xiao, Huiliang Li, Huizi Jin, Jin Jin, Miao Yu, Chunmin Ma, Yin Tong, Li Zhou, Hu Lei, Hanzhang Xu, Weidong Zhang, Wei Liu, Yingli Wu
Despite great advancements in the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), sensitivity of different subtypes to therapy varies. Targeting the aberrant activation NF-κB signaling pathways in lymphoid malignancies is a promising strategy. Here, we report that 11(13)-dehydroivaxillin (DHI), a natural compound isolated from the Carpesium genus, induces growth inhibition and apoptosis of NHL cells. Multiple signaling cascades are influenced by DHI in NHL cells. PI3K/AKT and ERK are activated or inhibited in a cell type dependent manner, whereas NF-κB signaling pathway was inhibited in all the NHL cells tested...
September 14, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904174/in-hospital-outcomes-of-tumor-lysis-syndrome-a-population-based-study-using-the-national-inpatient-sample
#12
Urshila Durani, Nilay D Shah, Ronald S Go
The epidemiology and outcomes of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) are understudied. We used the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a nationally representative weighted sample of all U.S. hospital discharges, to study outcomes and predictors of mortality in hospitalized patients with TLS. The NIS was queried for patients with a discharge diagnosis of TLS (ICD-9 code 277.88) from 2010-2013. Baseline characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of mortality...
September 13, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903943/therapeutic-potential-of-sgn-cd19b-a-pbd-based-anti-cd19-drug-conjugate-for-treatment-of-b-cell-malignancies
#13
Maureen C Ryan, Maria Corinna Palanca-Wessels, Brian Schimpf, Kristine A Gordon, Heather Kostner, Brad Meyer, Changpu Yu, Heather Van Epps, Dennis Benjamin
Patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancies such as non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) have a poor prognosis. Despite measurable clinical activity with new targeted therapies, many patients do not achieve a complete or durable response suggesting an opportunity to improve upon existing therapies. Here we describe SGN-CD19B, a pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD)-based anti-CD19 antibody drug conjugate (ADC) being investigated for treatment of B-cell malignancies, which has improved potency compared to other ADCs...
September 13, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902524/molecular-cytogenetic-characterization-identified-the-murine-b-cell-lymphoma-cell-line-a-20-as-a-model-for-sporadic-burkitt-s-lymphoma
#14
Karolina Guja, Thomas Liehr, Martina Rincic, Nadezda Kosyakova, Shaymaa S Hussein Azawi
Here, we report the first molecular cytogenetic characterization of the BALB/cAnN mouse derived B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-cell NHL) cell lines A-20. Even though previously used as a model for testing of, for example, dexametason, up to present, no data in the genetic properties of A-20 were available. The present study closed this gap and provides evidence that A-20 is a model for B-cell NHL subgroup sporadic Burkitt's lymphoma. C-myc oncogene is involved in a translocation and copy number alterations as gain of murine 14q material could be observed...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901817/treatment-and-prognosis-of-stage-i-follicular-lymphoma-in-the-modern-era-does-pet-matter
#15
Ohad S Bentur, Ronit Gurion, Anat Gafter-Gvili, Moshe Gatt, Lev Shvidel, Netanel A Horowitz, Ron Ram, Yair Herishanu, Nadav Sarid, Ora Paltiel, Chezi Ganzel, Natalia Kreiniz, Najib Dally, Odit Gutwein, Pia Raanani, Irit Avivi, Chava Perry
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common subtype of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Patients with stage I disease are usually treated with radiotherapy (RT). In previous studies, mostly from the pre positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) era, the 5 year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates of stage I disease were 60-80% and 80-93%, respectively. This study retrospectively evaluated the outcome of stage I FL which was treated with involved field RT in the PET-CT era between 2002 and 2015...
September 13, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901456/the-antitumor-effects-of-arsenic-trioxide-in-mantle-cell-lymphoma-via-targeting-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-pathway-and-dna-methyltransferase-1
#16
Xin-Yu Li, Ying Li, Lingyan Zhang, Xin Liu, Lili Feng, Xin Wang
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive non‑Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with poor prognosis. The rapid progression and frequently relapse make it urgent to identify therapeutic agents with potent antitumor effect. Increasing evidence indicated that dysregulation of Wnt/β‑catenin pathway and abnormal methylation appeared to promote tumorigenesis. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3, ATO) has been reported effective in many hematologic malignancies in recent studies, however, the mechanism and effects of ATO in MCL still need further research...
September 7, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900786/the-pattern-of-secondary-cancers-in-patients-with-kaposi-sarcoma-in-the-united-states
#17
Vivek Kumar, Mohit Garg, Neha Chaudhary, Parita Soni, Charalampos S Floudas, Chiemeziem Nwanyanwu, Abhinav Chandra
PURPOSE: In the U.S., Kaposi sarcoma (KS) occurs mostly in HIV-infected patients, who are also at increased risk of developing secondary cancers. The trends in secondary cancer risk are unclear in the HAART era. METHODS: We extracted data from the SEER database on patients diagnosed with KS between 1981 and 2013, stratified into the pre-HAART (1981-1995) and HAART (1996-2013) eras. We compared the risk of secondary cancer in KS patients and the general population, and estimated the absolute risk...
September 12, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899972/facts-and-hopes-in-immunotherapy-of-lymphoma-and-myeloma
#18
Matthew J Pianko, Alison J Moskowitz, Alexander M Lesokhin
Immune checkpoint blockade has driven a revolution in modern oncology, and robust drug development of immune checkpoint inhibitors is underway in both solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. High response rates to programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) blockade using nivolumab or pembrolizumab in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and several variants of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) revealed an intrinsic biologic sensitivity to this approach, and work is ongoing exploring combinations with immune checkpoint inhibitors in both cHL and NHL...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898795/intestinal-perforation-that-developed-after-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-diagnosed-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Cihad Tatar, Mazlum Yavas, Onder Akkus, Bahaeddin Tapkan, Oguz Kagan Batikan, Savas Bayrak, Soykan Arikan
INTRODUCTION: Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL) appear with the malign transformation of mature lymphocytes. Intestinal perforations are one of the most well-known complications of NHLs. In this review, a 29-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with NHL with gastrointestinal involvement that developed intestinal perforation after chemotherapy is presented. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 29-year-old male patient who received systemic chemotherapy in another healthcare center due to Major B-Cell Lymphoma was examined because he had stomachache after the treatment...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898343/-differential-diagnosis-of-bone-marrow-and-lung-granulomas-report-of-one-case
#20
Camila Peña, Andrés Soto, Pablo Villegas
The differential diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and lymphoma with pulmonary infiltration is very difficult, given their similar clinical characteristics. We report a 59 year old female with weight loss, fever, dyspnea and cough of several months of duration. She had a cavitated mass in lung imaging. A positive conventional PCR lead to the diagnosis of tuberculosis, but she had negative smears and cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The patient did not respond to treatment and her clinical condition worsened...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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