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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655168/bmp4-uses-several-different-effector-pathways-to-regulate-proliferation-and-differentiation-in-the-epithelial-and-mesenchymal-tissue-compartments-of-the-developing-mouse-ureter
#1
Tamrat M Mamo, Anna B Wittern, Marc-Jens Kleppa, Tobias Bohnenpoll, Anna-Carina Weiss, Andreas Kispert
Heterozygous loss of Bmp4 results both in humans and mice in severe malformation of the urinary tract. These defects have at least partially been attributed to loss of expression of Bmp4 in the ureteric mesenchyme, yet the cellular and molecular function of this signal as well as its effector pathways in this tissue have remained incompletely resolved. Here, we show that mice with a conditional deletion of Bmp4 in the ureteric mesenchyme exhibited hydroureter and hydronephrosis at newborn stages due to functional and physical ureter obstruction...
June 26, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655163/microrna-21a-5p-pdcd4-axis-regulates-mesenchymal-stem-cell-induced-neuroprotection-in-acute-glaucoma
#2
Wenru Su, Zuohong Li, Yu Jia, Yingting Zhu, Wenjia Cai, Peixing Wan, Yingying Zhang, Song Guo Zheng, Yehong Zhuo
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to have promising therapeutic benefits for a variety of neurological diseases; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we showed that intravitreal infusion of MSCs promoted retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival in a mouse model of acute glaucoma, with significant inhibition of microglial activation, production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and reactive oxygen species, as well as caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation. In vitro, MSCs inhibited both caspase-8-mediated RGC apoptosis and microglial activation, partly via the action of stanniocalcin 1 (STC1)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655071/melatonin-rescues-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-senescence-induced-by-the-uremic-toxin-p-cresol-via-inhibiting-mtor-dependent-autophagy
#3
Seung Pil Yun, Yong-Seok Han, Jun Hee Lee, Sang Min Kim, Sang Hun Lee
p-Cresol, found at high concentrations in the serum of chronic kidney failure patients, is known to cause cell senescence and other complications in different parts of the body. p-Cresol is thought to mediate cytotoxic effects through the induction of autophagy response. However, toxic effects of p-cresol on mesenchymal stem cells have not been elucidated. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether p-cresol induces senescence of mesenchymal stem cells, and whether melatonin can ameliorate abnormal autophagy response caused by p-cresol...
June 27, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654909/brain-metastases-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-the-role-of-mutated-egfrs-with-an-exon-19-deletion-or-l858r-point-mutation-in-cancer-cell-dissemination
#4
Shih-Hsin Hsiao, Yu-Ting Chou, Sey-En Lin, Ru-Chun Hsu, Chi-Li Chung, Yu-Rung Kao, H Eugene Liu, Cheng-Wen Wu
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients tend to develop brain metastases (BM), but the link between BM occurrence and driver mutations in NSCLC is not very clear. We explored whether activating mutations of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) in exon 19 deletion or L858R predict BM in NSCLC. A retrospective multivariable logistic regression analysis of 384 patients demonstrated that the presence of mutated-EGFRs was associated with overall BM (OR=2.24, P=0.001) compared to that of wild-type EGFR (WT-EGFR)...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654901/20-s-rg3-blocked-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-through-dnmt3a-mir-145-fscn1-in-ovarian-cancer
#5
Jie Li, Jiaojiao Lu, Zhongxue Ye, Xi Han, Xia Zheng, Huilian Hou, Wei Chen, Xu Li, Le Zhao
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the key mechanisms mediating cancer progression. MicroRNAs (miRs) are essential regulators of gene expression by suppressing translation or causing degradation of target mRNA. Growing evidence illustrates the crucial roles of miRs dysregulation in cancer development and progression. Here, we have found for the first time that the ginsenoside 20(S)-Rg3, a pharmacologically active component of Panax ginseng, potently increases miR-145 expression by downregulating methyltransferase DNMT3A to attenuate the hypermethylation of the promoter region in the miR-145 precursor gene...
June 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654695/fate-of-tenogenic-differentiation-potential-of-human-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-by-uniaxial-stretching-affected-by-stretch-activated-calcium-channel-agonist-gadolinium
#6
Hui Yin Nam, Hanumantha Rao Balaji Raghavendran, Belinda Pingguan-Murphy, Azlina A Abbas, Azhar M Merican, Tunku Kamarul
The role for mechanical stimulation in the control of cell fate has been previously proposed, suggesting that there may be a role of mechanical conditioning in directing mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) towards specific lineage for tissue engineering applications. Although previous studies have reported that calcium signalling is involved in regulating many cellular processes in many cell types, its role in managing cellular responses to tensile loading (mechanotransduction) of MSCs has not been fully elucidated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654632/p53-and-protein-phosphorylation-regulate-the-oncogenic-role-of-epithelial-cell-transforming-2-ect2
#7
Yan Chen, Ping Tian, Yi Liu
BACKGROUND Gastric cancer (GC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, but little progress has been achieved in the treatment of advanced or metastatic GC. GC is highly heterogeneous and more studies are needed to elucidate the metastatic mechanisms. Epithelial cell transforming 2 (ECT2) has been reported to be up-regulated in GC tissues, but its signaling mechanisms remain unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we used Western blot analysis to compare the expression level of ECT2 in 2 GC cell lines: MKN1 and MKN45...
June 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654049/chondrogenic-pellet-formation-from-cord-blood-derived-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#8
Yoojun Nam, Yeri Alice Rim, Ji Hyeon Ju
Human articular cartilage lacks the ability to repair itself. Cartilage degeneration is thus treated not by curative but by conservative treatments. Currently, efforts are being made to regenerate damaged cartilage with ex vivo expanded chondrocytes or bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). However, the restricted viability and instability of these cells limit their application in cartilage reconstruction. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have received scientific attention as a new alternative for regenerative applications...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653900/overexpression-of-wdfy2-inhibits-prostate-cancer-cell-growth-and-migration-via-inactivation-of-akt-pathway
#9
Jianqing Wang, Xu Chen, Shijun Tong, Huihui Zhou, Jianliang Sun, Yuancheng Gou, Fei Wu, Jimeng Hu, Jianfeng Xu, Guanxiong Ding
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy and is the second leading deadly reason among male cancer. WDFY2, which is found to be a cancer-specific fusion gene with CDKN2D in ovarian cancer, is a new gene with unknown function in carcinogenesis. In this study, we investigated the role of WDFY2 in prostate cancer development. We examined WDFY2 expression in human prostate tissue specimens and prostate cancer cell lines BPH-1, LNCaP, PC3, and DU-145. Overexpression of WDFY2 was performed to evaluate the role of WDFY2 in cell proliferation, migration, and colony formation of prostate cancer cells...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653891/histone-deacetylase-5-promotes-the-migration-and-invasion-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-increasing-the-transcription-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-under-hypoxia-condition
#10
Ming Ye, Zejun Fang, Hongqian Gu, Rui Song, Jiangwei Ye, Hongzhang Li, Zhiguang Wu, Shenghui Zhou, Peng Li, Xiang Cai, Xiaokun Ding, Songshan Yu
Hypoxia plays a critical role in the progression and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma by activating the key transcription factor, hypoxia-inducible factor-1. This study aims to identify the novel mechanisms underlying the dysregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in hepatocellular carcinoma. We found that histone deacetylase 5, a highly expressed histone deacetylase in hepatocellular carcinoma, strengthened the migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells under hypoxia but not normoxia condition...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653875/mfg-e8-overexpression-promotes-colorectal-cancer-progression-via-akt-mmps-signalling
#11
Qiujie Zhao, Lin Xu, Xiaoyan Sun, Kai Zhang, Huimin Shen, Yanan Tian, Fengkai Sun, Yanqing Li
Several studies have revealed that MFG-E8 (milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor 8) is related to tumour development and progression. However, the relationship between MFG-E8 expression and metastasis in colorectal cancer patients and the role of MFG-E8 in colorectal cancer invasion and progression remain unknown. In this study, we performed immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to assess MFG-E8 expression in colorectal cancer and adjacent non-cancerous tissues. Colorectal cancer RNAseq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas project were downloaded and MFG-E8 expression was analysed...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653599/microrna-539-inhibits-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-esophageal-cancer-cells-by-twist-related-protein-1-mediated-modulation-of-melanoma-associated-antigen-a4-magea4
#12
Zhili Cao, Xiang Zheng, Lei Cao, Naixin Liang
MicroRNAs (miR) play key roles in cancers, yet the potential molecular mechanisms of miR-539 on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are not well understood. Screened by informatics method, Twist-related protein 1 (TWIST1) was hypothesized to be a possible target gene of miR-539. Since the melanoma associated antigen (MAGE) A4 is reported to be up-regulated by TWIST1, this study aimed to examine the biological functions and mechanism involving TWIST1 and MAGE4 of miR-539 in ESCC. MiR-539 mimics or scrambled miRs were transfected into human ESCC TE3 cells to interfere the expression of miR-539...
June 12, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653478/different-rna-and-protein-expression-of-surface-markers-in-rabbit-amniotic-fluid-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#13
Michal Kovac, Jaromir Vasicek, Barbora Kulikova, Miroslav Bauer, Jozef Curlej, Andrej Balazi, Peter Chrenek
Over the years, there has been much confusion in defining molecular markers of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for other than human species due to a lack of species-specific antibodies. Therefore, the aim of our study was to define rabbit amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rAF-MSCs) and to reflect upon the current identification of AF-MSCs by providing a summary of detected surface markers in different species. The expression of rAF-MSC surface markers was analyzed at the protein and mRNA level. Flow cytometry analyses showed that rAF-MSCs were positive for CD29 and CD44, low positive for CD90, but negative for CD73, CD105 and CD166...
June 27, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653440/treatment-of-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-with-adipose-derived-regenerative-cells-and-fat-grafts-a-feasibility-and-safety-study
#14
Navid Mohamadpour Toyserkani, Charlotte Harken Jensen, Ditte Caroline Andersen, Søren Paludan Sheikh, Jens Ahm Sørensen
Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a debilitating late complication with a lack of treatment opportunities. Recent studies have suggested that mesenchymal stromal cells can alleviate lymphedema. Herein, we report the results from the first human pilot study with freshly isolated adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRC) for treating lymphedema with 6 months follow-up. Ten BCRL patients were included. ADRC was injected directly into the axillary region, which was combined with a scar-releasing fat graft procedure...
June 27, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653392/impact-of-starting-material-fresh-versus-cryopreserved-marrow-on-mesenchymal-stem-cell-culture
#15
Alesia Kaplan, Katie Sackett, Darin Sumstad, Dianne Kadidlo, David H McKenna
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) continue to be investigated in multiple clinical trials as potential therapy for different disorders. There is ongoing controversy surrounding the clinical use of cryopreserved versus fresh MSCs. However, little is known about how cryopreservation affects marrow as starting material. The growth kinetics of MSC cultures derived from fresh versus cryopreserved marrow were compared. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were reviewed on the growth kinetics of MSCs derived from fresh versus cryopreserved marrow of nine donors...
June 26, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653337/hardystonite-coated-poly-l-lactide-nanofibrous-scaffold-and-efficient-osteogenic-differentiation-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#16
Banafsheh Tavangar, Shaghayegh Arasteh, Haleh Edalatkhah, Ali Salimi, Ali Doostmohammadi, Ehsan Seyedjafari
In this study, a ceramic-coated nanofibrous scaffold has been fabricated to biomimic the microstructure of natural extracellular matrix and the stiffening inorganic compartment of bone. Poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) nanofibers were electrospun and exposed to oxygen plasma to induce hydrophilicity and promote ceramic adsorption. Hardystonite (HS), which possesses superior osteoinduction potential over hydroxyapatite, was coated on plasma-treated PLLA nanofibers by drenching the nanofibers in HS suspension. Pure and composite PLLA-based scaffolds were characterized in terms of physical and biological properties...
June 27, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652926/silk-fibroin-hydroxyapatite-composite-hydrogel-induced-by-gamma-ray-irradiation-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#17
Min Hee Kim, Beom Su Kim, Jun Lee, Donghwan Cho, Oh Hyeong Kwon, Won Ho Park
BACKGROUND: In this study, silk fibroin (SF) composite hydrogels containing hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanoparticles (NPs) for bone tissue engineering were fabricated using gamma-ray (γ-ray) irradiation treatment. During the irradiation, the HAP dispersed SF solution was changed to the chemically crosslinked SF hydrogel. METHODS: Distribution of HAP NPs in the SF hydrogel was examined by SEM imagery and energy dispersive X-ray spectrophotometry, and the crystalline structure of SF composite hydrogels was also confirmed by X-ray diffractometry...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652917/photocrosslinkable-biodegradable-hydrogels-with-controlled-cell-adhesivity-for-prolonged-sirna-delivery-to-hmscs-to-enhance-their-osteogenic-differentiation
#18
Minh Khanh Nguyen, Alexandra McMillan, Cong Truc Huynh, Daniel S Schapira, Eben Alsberg
Photocrosslinked, biodegradable hydrogels have been extensively investigated for biomedical applications, including drug delivery and tissue engineering. Here, dextran (DEX) was chemically modified with mono(2-acryloyloxyethyl) succinate (MAES) via an esterification reaction, resulting in macromers that could be photocrosslinked to form hydrolytically degradable hydrogels. Hydrogel swelling ratio and degradation rate were controlled by varying the degree of MAES modification. Thiolated cell adhesion peptides (GRGDSPC) were conjugated to acrylated dextran via thiol-acrylate reaction to regulate the interactions of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with the photocrosslinkable hydrogels...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652769/upregulated-long-noncoding-rna-pandar-predicts-an-unfavorable-prognosis-and-promotes-tumorigenesis-in-cholangiocarcinoma
#19
Yi Xu, Xingming Jiang, Yunfu Cui
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is one of the most malignant human cancers with increasing incidence worldwide. LncRNAs have emerged as gene regulators and prognostic biomarkers in a variety of neoplasms. PANDAR, a novel cancer-related lncRNA, has been reported to be upregulated in diverse human carcinomas. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical significance of lncRNA PANDAR in CCA and explore its functional roles in CCA cells including cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652766/role-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Xue Bai, Yun-Yun Li, Hong-Yan Zhang, Feng Wang, Hong-Liu He, Jin-Chao Yao, Ling Liu, Shan-Shan Li
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is thought to be a crucial event during the early metastasis of tumor cells. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is involved in the process of EMT in a variety of human malignancies. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 plays an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis, and its expression is regulated by various growth factors, including TGF-β1, in different cell types. To date, the role of MMP-9 in TGF-β1-induced EMT in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains unclear...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
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