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Jingxiang Zhao, Qiang Gu
We study the two-dimensional Hubbard model with the Rashba type spin-orbit coupling within and beyond the mean-field theory. The antiferromagnetic ground state for the model at half-filling and the Cooper pairing induced by antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations near half-filling are examined based on the random-phase approximation. We show that the antiferromagnetic order is suppressed and the magnetic susceptibility turns out to be anisotropic in the presence of the spin-orbit coupling. Energy spectrums of transverse spin fluctuations are obtained and the effective interactions between holes mediated by antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations are deduced in the case of low hole doping...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
D F Agterberg, T Shishidou, J O'Halloran, P M R Brydon, M Weinert
Monolayer FeSe exhibits the highest transition temperature among the iron based superconductors and appears to be fully gapped, seemingly consistent with s-wave superconductivity. Here, we develop a theory for the superconductivity based on coupling to fluctuations of checkerboard magnetic order (which has the same translation symmetry as the lattice). The electronic states are described by a symmetry based k·p-like theory and naturally account for the states observed by angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy...
December 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Xiang Chen, Julian L Schmehr, Zahirul Islam, Zach Porter, Eli Zoghlin, Kenneth Finkelstein, Jacob P C Ruff, Stephen D Wilson
Materials that exhibit both strong spin-orbit coupling and electron correlation effects are predicted to host numerous new electronic states. One prominent example is the Jeff = 1/2 Mott state in Sr2IrO4, where introducing carriers is predicted to manifest high temperature superconductivity analogous to the S = 1/2 Mott state of La2CuO4. While bulk superconductivity currently remains elusive, anomalous quasiparticle behaviors paralleling those in the cuprates such as pseudogap formation and the formation of a d-wave gap are observed upon electron-doping Sr2IrO4...
January 9, 2018: Nature Communications
D G Mazzone, S Raymond, J L Gavilano, P Steffens, A Schneidewind, G Lapertot, M Kenzelmann
Unconventional superconductivity in many materials is believed to be mediated by magnetic fluctuations. It is an open question how magnetic order can emerge from a superconducting condensate and how it competes with the magnetic spin resonance in unconventional superconductors. Here we study a model d-wave superconductor that develops spin-density wave order, and find that the spin resonance is unaffected by the onset of static magnetic order. This result suggests a scenario, in which the resonance in Nd_{0...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
A DeGrush, A Maschinot, T Akdogan, R Alarcon, W Bertozzi, E Booth, T Botto, J R Calarco, B Clasie, C Crawford, K Dow, M Farkhondeh, R Fatemi, O Filoti, W Franklin, H Gao, E Geis, S Gilad, D K Hasell, P Karpius, M Kohl, H Kolster, T Lee, J Matthews, K McIlhany, N Meitanis, R Milner, J Rapaport, R Redwine, J Seely, A Shinozaki, A Sindile, S Širca, E Six, T Smith, B Tonguc, C Tschalär, E Tsentalovich, W Turchinetz, Y Xiao, W Xu, Z-L Zhou, V Ziskin, T Zwart
We report the measurement of the beam-vector and tensor asymmetries A_{ed}^{V} and A_{d}^{T} in quasielastic (e[over →],e^{'}p) electrodisintegration of the deuteron at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center up to missing momentum of 500  MeV/c. Data were collected simultaneously over a momentum transfer range 0.1<Q^{2}<0.5  (GeV/c)^{2} with the Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid using an internal deuterium gas target polarized sequentially in both vector and tensor states. The data are compared with calculations...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Yilin Wang, Hongming Weng, Liang Fu, Xi Dai
The magnetic properties of the pyrochlore iridate material Eu_{2}Ir_{2}O_{7} (5d^{5}) have been studied based on first principles calculations, where the crystal field splitting Δ, spin-orbit coupling (SOC) λ, and Coulomb interaction U within Ir 5d orbitals all play significant roles. The ground state phase diagram has been obtained with respect to the strength of SOC and Coulomb interaction U, where a stable antiferromagnetic ground state with all-in-all-out (AIAO) spin structure has been found. In addition, another antiferromagnetic state with energy close to AIAO has also been found to be stable...
November 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Yue Cui, Chuyang Shen, Min Deng, Shen Dong, Cheng Chen, Rong Lü, Bo Gao, Meng Khoon Tey, Li You
High partial-wave (l≥2) Feshbach resonance (FR) in an ultracold mixture of ^{85}Rb-^{87}Rb atoms is investigated experimentally aided by a partial-wave insensitive analytic multichannel quantum-defect theory. Two "broad" resonances from coupling between d waves in both the open and closed channels are observed and characterized. One of them shows a fully resolved triplet structure with a splitting ratio well explained by the perturbation to the closed channel due to interatomic spin-spin interaction. These tunable "broad" d-wave resonances, especially the one in the lowest-energy open channel, could find important applications in simulating d-wave coupling dominated many-body systems...
November 17, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Jun Li, Paulo J Pereira, Jie Yuan, Yang-Yang Lv, Mei-Ping Jiang, Dachuan Lu, Zi-Quan Lin, Yong-Jie Liu, Jun-Feng Wang, Liang Li, Xiaoxing Ke, Gustaaf Van Tendeloo, Meng-Yue Li, Hai-Luke Feng, Takeshi Hatano, Hua-Bing Wang, Pei-Heng Wu, Kazunari Yamaura, Eiji Takayama-Muromachi, Johan Vanacken, Liviu F Chibotaru, Victor V Moshchalkov
Nematic order often breaks the tetragonal symmetry of iron-based superconductors. It arises from regular structural transition or electronic instability in the normal phase. Here, we report the observation of a nematic superconducting state, by measuring the angular dependence of the in-plane and out-of-plane magnetoresistivity of Ba0.5K0.5Fe2As2 single crystals. We find large twofold oscillations in the vicinity of the superconducting transition, when the direction of applied magnetic field is rotated within the basal plane...
December 1, 2017: Nature Communications
Niclas Niemann, Patrick Wiegel, Alexander Kurz, John C Rothwell, Christian Leukel
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of motor cortex produces a series of descending volleys known as D- (direct) and I- (indirect) waves. In the present study, we questioned whether spinal H-reflexes can be used to dissect D-waves, early and late I-waves from TMS. We therefore probed H-reflex facilitation at arrival times of D- and I-waves at the spinal level and thereby changed TMS parameters that have previously been shown to have selective effects on evoked D- and different I-waves. We changed TMS intensity and current direction, and applied a double-pulse paradigm known as short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
Ke-Gao Liu, Xiao-Yan Peng, Zheng Zhang, Hua Sun, Di-Ya Yang, Ning-Li Wang
BACKGROUND: There are ON- and OFF-pathways in the normal vertebrate retina. Short- and long-flash electroretinogram (ERG) are suitable methods to observe the function of ON- and OFF-pathways in vivo, respectively. It is clear that high intraocular pressure (IOP) might cause dysfunction of cone-dominated photopic negative response (PhNR) in monkeys with high IOP in ON-pathway. However, whether cone-dominated OFF-responses are also affected is less known. The aim of this study was to observe photopic OFF-responses of ERG in monkeys with high IOP...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
Toshikazu Ekino, Alexander M Gabovich, Mai Suan Li, Henryk Szymczak, Alexander I Voitenko
Quasiparticle tunnel conductance-voltage characteristics (CVCs), $G(V)$, were calculated for break junctions (BJs) made up of layered $d$-wave superconductors partially gapped by charge-density waves (CDWs). The current is assumed to flow in the $ab$-plane of electrodes. The influence of CDWs is analyzed by comparing the resulting CVCs with CVCs calculated for BJs made up of pure $d$-wave superconductors with relevant parameters. The main CDW-effects were found to be the appearance of new CVC peculiarities and the lost of CVC symmetry with respect to the $V$-sign...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Xiao-Shan Ye, Yong-Jun Liu, Xiu Yun Zhang, Guoqing Wu
We explore the topological phase, which involves Majorana type topological zero mode fermions (MTZFs) at the edge, using d-wave superfluid with Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) interactions. The self-Hermitian of this MTZF([Formula: see text]) is similar to that of the Majorana fermions (MFs) ([Formula: see text]). We show that, to realize a single MTZF at each edge in superfluid with d-wave pairing in a Majorana type Kramers Doublet (MTKD) state, it is important to lift both the spin and the Dirac Cones degeneracies...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Petia Kupenova, Elka Popova, Liliya Vitanova
The contribution of the purinergic receptors P2X7 (P2X7Rs) to the electroretinographic (ERG) responses was studied by testing the effects of the selective P2X7R antagonist A438079 and the selective P2X7R agonist Bz-ATP on the electroretinograms obtained in perfused frog (Rana ridibunda) eyecup preparations under a variety of stimulation conditions. The P2X7R blockade by 200 µM A438079 diminished the amplitude of the photoreceptor components: the a-wave and the pharmacologically isolated mass receptor potential...
January 2017: Visual Neuroscience
Tao Li, Yuehua Su
The electronic nematic responses in Fe-based superconductors have been observed ubiquitously in various experimental probes. One novel nematic character is the d-wave bond orbital-relevant nematic charge order which was firstly proposed by symmetry analysis and then conformed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. In this paper, we present a mechanism that the driving force of the orbital-relevant nematic charge order is the reduction of the large Hubbard energy in the particle-hole charge channel by virtual hopping processes...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Edward C Kirkpatrick, Jessica Steltzer, Pippa Simpson, Amy Pan, Andrea Dragulescu, Christine B Falkensammer, Sarah Gelehrter, Wyman W Lai, Jami Levine, Stephen Miller, Thomas A Miller, Jay Pruetz, Ritu Sachdeva, Deepika Thacker, Peter Frommelt
The aim of this study was to describe serial changes in echocardiographic Doppler pulmonary vein flow (PVF) patterns in infants with single right ventricle (RV) anomalies enrolled in the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. Measurement of PVF peak systolic (S) and diastolic (D) velocities, velocity time integrals (VTI), S/D peak velocity and VTI ratios, and frequency of atrial reversal (Ar) waves were made at three postoperative time points in 261 infants: early post-Norwood, pre-stage II surgery, and 14 months...
August 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
M Abram, M Zegrodnik, J Spałek
In the first part of the paper, we study the stability of antiferromagnetic (AF), charge density wave (CDW), and superconducting (SC) states within the t-J-U-V model of strongly correlated electrons by using the statistically consistent Gutzwiller approximation (SGA). We concentrate on the role of the intersite Coulomb interaction term V in stabilizing the CDW phase. In particular, we show that the charge ordering appears only above a critical value of V in a limited hole-doping range δ. The effect of the V term on SC and AF phases is that a strong interaction suppresses SC, whereas the AF order is not significantly influenced by its presence...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Yaroslav Koshka, Dilina Perera, Spencer Hall, M A Novotny
The possibility of using a quantum computer D-Wave 2X with more than 1000 qubits to determine the global minimum of the energy landscape of trained restricted Boltzmann machines is investigated. In order to overcome the problem of limited interconnectivity in the D-Wave architecture, the proposed RBM embedding combines multiple qubits to represent a particular RBM unit. The results for the lowest-energy (the ground state) and some of the higher-energy states found by the D-Wave 2X were compared with those of the classical simulated annealing (SA) algorithm...
July 2017: Neural Computation
Duk Y Kim, Shi-Zeng Lin, Franziska Weickert, Eric D Bauer, Filip Ronning, J D Thompson, Roman Movshovich
The thermal conductivity measurement in a rotating magnetic field is a powerful probe of the structure of the superconducting energy gap. We present high-precision measurements of the low-temperature thermal conductivity in the unconventional heavy-fermion superconductor CeCoIn_{5}, with the heat current J along the nodal [110] direction of its d_{x^{2}-y^{2}} order parameter and the magnetic field up to 7 T rotating in the ab plane. In contrast to the smooth oscillations found previously for J∥[100], we observe a sharp resonancelike peak in the thermal conductivity when the magnetic field is also in the [110] direction, parallel to the heat current...
May 12, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Ori Barzilai, Zvi Lidar, Shlomi Constantini, Khalil Salame, Yifat Bitan-Talmor, Akiva Korn
Intramedullary spinal cord tumors (IMSCTs) represent a rare entity, accounting for 4%-10% of all central nervous system tumors. Microsurgical resection of IMSCTs is currently considered the primary treatment modality. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has been shown to aid in maximizing tumor resection and minimizing neurological morbidity, consequently improving patient outcome. The gold standard for IONM to date is multimodality monitoring, consisting of both somatosensory evoked potentials, as well as muscle-based transcranial electric motor evoked potentials (tcMEPs)...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
C Chamon, E R Mucciolo, A E Ruckenstein, Z-C Yang
Mappings of classical computation onto statistical mechanics models have led to remarkable successes in addressing some complex computational problems. However, such mappings display thermodynamic phase transitions that may prevent reaching solution even for easy problems known to be solvable in polynomial time. Here we map universal reversible classical computations onto a planar vertex model that exhibits no bulk classical thermodynamic phase transition, independent of the computational circuit. Within our approach the solution of the computation is encoded in the ground state of the vertex model and its complexity is reflected in the dynamics of the relaxation of the system to its ground state...
May 12, 2017: Nature Communications
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