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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549353/crowding-visual-awareness-and-their-respective-neural-loci
#1
Kilho Shin, Susana T L Chung, Bosco S Tjan
In peripheral vision, object identification can be impeded when a target object is flanked by other objects. This phenomenon of crowding has been attributed to basic processes associated with image encoding by the visual system, but the neural origin of crowding is not known. Determining whether crowding depends on subjective awareness of the flankers can provide information on the neural origin of crowding. However, recent studies that manipulated flanker awareness have yielded conflicting results. In the current study, we suppressed flanker awareness with two methods: interocular suppression (IOS) and adaptation-induced blindness (AIB)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549330/impact-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-oral-health
#2
Ana Cristina de Oliveira Solis, Álvaro Cabral Araújo, Felipe Corchs, Marcio Bernik, Érica Panzani Duran, Cláudio Silva, Francisco Lotufo-Neto
BACKGROUND: The stress experienced as an intense and traumatic event can increase the odds of orofacial pain, affect the biomechanics of masticatory system and compromise the periodontal health. This study was conducted to investigate the impact of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on oral health. METHODS: A case-control study with a convenience sample was designed. Probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing, and plaque were recorded at 6 sites per tooth...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549317/frontal-and-subcortical-grey-matter-reductions-in-ptsd
#3
Daniel C M O'Doherty, Ashleigh Tickell, Will Ryder, Charles Chan, Daniel F Hermens, Maxwell R Bennett, Jim Lagopoulos
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by a range of debilitating psychological, physical and cognitive symptoms. PTSD has been associated with grey matter atrophy in limbic and frontal cortical brain regions. However, previous studies have reported heterogeneous findings, with grey matter changes observed beyond limbic/frontal areas. Seventy-five adults were recruited from the community, 25 diagnosed with PTSD along with 25 healthy and 25 trauma exposed age and gender matched controls. Participants underwent clinical assessment and magnetic resonance imaging...
May 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549261/small-spontaneously-ruptured-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-the-small-intestine-causing-hemoperitoneum-a-case-report
#4
Shuichi Fukuda, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Tomoko Wakasa, Keisuke Inoue, Kotaro Kitani, Hajime Ishikawa, Masanori Tsujie, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are clinically asymptomatic until they reach a significant size; therefore, GISTs that are 2cm or less are typically asymptomatic. Patients with symptomatic GISTs typically present with abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, or a palpable mass but rarely present with hemoperitoneum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 72-year-old Japanese man presented to us with acute onset abdominal pain. Physical examination showed peritoneal irritation in the lower abdomen...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549243/australian-football-players-experiencing-groin-pain-exhibit-reduced-subscale-scores-of-activities-of-daily-living-and-sport-and-recreation-on-the-hagos-questionnaire-a-case-control-study
#5
Michael K Drew, Gregory Lovell, Thorvaldur S Palsson, Pauline E Chiarelli, Peter G Osmotherly
OBJECTIVES: To report normative responses to the HAGOS questionnaire for Australian football players and to determine whether any of the HAGOS questionnaire sub scales can differentiate players with and without groin pain. DESIGN: Case-control. SETTING: Clinical setting. PARTICIPANTS: Professional (n = 66) and semi-professional (n = 9) Australian football (AF) players with current groin pain (n = 16) and controls (n = 57) without current groin pain...
April 20, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549220/physiological-responses-during-intermittent-running-exercise-differ-between-outdoor-and-treadmill-running
#6
Marco Panascì, Romuald Lepers, Antonio La Torre, Matteo Bonato, Hervè Assadi
The aim of this study was to compare the physiological responses during 15 min of intermittent running consisting of 30 s high intensity running exercise at maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) interspersed with 30 s passive recovery (30-30) performed outdoor versus on a motorized treadmill. Fifteen collegiate physically active males (age: 22±1 years-old; body mass: 66±7 kg; stature: 176±06 cm, weekly training volume: 5±2 h·week<sup>-1</sup>), performed Fitness Intermittent test 45-15 in order to determine VO<sub>2max</sub> and Maximal Aerobic Velocity (MAV) and then completed in random order three different training sessions consisting of 30s run -30s rest outdoor on athletic track (30-30 Track) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest on treadmill (30-30 Treadmill) at MAV; 30s run -30s rest at MAV+15% (30-30+15% MAV Treadmill)...
May 26, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549180/relationships-among-self-perception-of-aging-physical-functioning-and-self-efficacy-in-late-life
#7
Hava Tovel, Sara Carmel, Victoria H Raveis
Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between 2 central concepts in the study of subjective well-being in old age-self-perception of aging (SPA) and physical functioning, and to assess the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs in this relationship. Methods: Interviews were conducted in the home with 1,216 randomly selected persons aged 75+ years (T1) and repeated with 892 of them 2 years later (T2). We collected data on SPA, physical functioning, self-efficacy, self-rated health, and demographics...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549169/regulatory-dynamics-of-11p13-suggest-a-role-for-ehf-in-modifying-cf-lung-disease-severity
#8
Lindsay R Stolzenburg, Rui Yang, Jenny L Kerschner, Sara Fossum, Matthew Xu, Andrew Hoffmann, Kay-Marie Lamar, Sujana Ghosh, Sarah Wachtel, Shih-Hsing Leir, Ann Harris
Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene cause cystic fibrosis (CF), but are not good predictors of lung phenotype. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) previously identified additional genomic sites associated with CF lung disease severity. One of these, at chromosome 11p13, is an intergenic region between Ets homologous factor (EHF) and Apaf-1 interacting protein (APIP). Our goal was to determine the functional significance of this region, which being intergenic is probably regulatory...
May 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549123/working-conditions-in-the-explanation-of-occupational-inequalities-in-sickness-absence-in-the-french-sumer-study
#9
Isabelle Niedhammer, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sarah Memmi, Jean-François Chastang
: Explanations of social inequalities in sickness absence are lacking in the literature. Our objectives were to evaluate the contribution of various occupational exposures in explaining these inequalities in a national representative sample of employees. : The study was based on the cross-sectional sample of the SUMER 2010 survey that included 46 962 employees, 26 883 men and 20 079 women. Both sickness absence spells and days within the last 12 months, as health indicators, were studied. Occupation was used as a marker of social position...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549108/longitudinal-associations-between-vitamin-d-metabolites-and-sarcopenia-in-older-australian-men-the-concord-health-and-aging-in-men-project
#10
Vasant Hirani, Robert G Cumming, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona Blyth, David G Le Couteur, Benjumin Hsu, David J Handelsman, Louise M Waite, Markus J Seibel
Background: To explore the associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25D) levels at baseline and incidence of sarcopenia over time in older Australian community-dwelling older men. Methods: Of the 1,705 men aged ≥70 years (2005-2007) participating in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project, those without sarcopenia at baseline (n = 1,312 for 25D and n = 1,231 for 1,25D), 2 years (n = 1,024 for 25D and n = 956 for 1,25D), and 5-year follow-up (n = 709 for 25D and n = 663 for 1,25D) were included in the study...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549107/physical-functioning-among-older-adults-new-to-long-term-services-and-supports
#11
Jo-Ana D Chase, Karen B Hirschman, Alexandra L Hanlon, Liming Huang, Kathryn H Bowles, Mary D Naylor
Background and Objectives: To identify determinants of self-reported physical functioning (PF) among older adults new to long-term services and supports (LTSS). Research Design and Method: Using the International Classification of Function, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework, we conducted a secondary analysis of self-reported data on symptoms, basic/instrumental activities of daily living, quality of life, assistive devices, physical therapy needs, prior healthcare utilization, health status, and demographics from 470 older adults new to LTSS (Home/Community-Based n = 156; Assisted Living n = 156; Nursing Home n = 158)...
May 25, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549101/loneliness-and-objectively-measured-physical-capability-in-middle-aged-adults
#12
Rikke Lund, Jelena Laban, Gitte L Petersen, Agnete Dissing, Åse Marie Hansen, Naja H Rod
Loneliness is associated with poor functional ability in older people. Little is known about this association in the middle-aged. The aim is to investigate if perceived loneliness is associated with lower physical capability among middle-aged men and women and if the associations of loneliness with physical capability interact with socioeconomic position and cohabitation status. 5224 participants from Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) aged 49-62 years (mean age 54) were included. Handgrip strength (measured by a dynamometer) and maximal number of chair rises in 30 s was recorded...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549098/high-protein-foods-and-physical-activity-protect-against-age-related-muscle-loss-and-functional-decline
#13
M Loring Bradlee, Jabed Mustafa, Martha R Singer, Lynn L Moore
Background: Some clinical trials suggest that protein supplementation enhances the effects of resistance exercise on skeletal muscle mass (SMM); fewer studies examine the effects of diets rich in protein-source foods on SMM and functional status among community-dwelling adults. Methods: Data from the Framingham Offspring study including diet (three-day records, exams 3 and 5), physical activity (exams 2 and 4), percent SMM (%SMM) (exams 6 and 7), and functional performance (exams 5 through 8) were used to evaluate independent and combined effects of physical activity and high-protein foods on adjusted mean %SMM (using analysis of covariance) and risk of functional decline (using Cox proportional hazard's models)...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549046/associations-of-physical-fitness-and-body-composition-characteristics-with-simulated-military-task-performance
#14
K Pihlainen, M Santtila, K Häkkinen, H Kyröläinen
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations of physical fitness and body composition characteristics with anaerobic endurance performance, tested in the combat load using the occupationally relevant military simulation test (MST). Eighty-one male soldiers, deployed to a crisis management operation in the Middle East, volunteered for the study and participated in a test battery consisting measurements of muscle strength, body composition characteristics, endurance capacity, and MST.A Spearman correlational analysis revealed that the strongest variable, correlated with MST time, was the countermovement jump performed with the combat load (CMJ2) (rs = -0...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549042/spontaneous-union-of-an-accidentally-fractured-proximal-segment-during-vertical-ramus-osteotomy
#15
Tae Hoon Yu, Hun Jun Lim, Jun Lee, Bong Chul Kim
After sawing in the intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy, in the case of an incomplete amputation, the proximal segment is split using the osteotome. Unfortunately, in this case, the proximal segment was accidentally fractured. The operation was completed without performing any other fixation. Postoperatively intermaxillary fixation was performed and kept for a week, followed by physical therapy, which was initiated immediately after. The patient was closely observed for 6 months. No abnormal findings were detected clinically, and the union of bone was verified...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548991/protein-nutrition-and-exercise-survival-kit-for-critically-ill
#16
Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Protein delivery as well as exercise of critically ill in clinical practice is still a highly debated issue. Here we discuss only the most recent updates in the literature concerning protein nutrition and exercise of the critically ill. RECENT FINDINGS: By lack of randomized controlled trial (RCTs) in protein nutrition we discuss four post-hoc analyses of nutrition studies and one experimental study in mice. Studies mainly confirm some insights that protein and energy effects are separate and that the trajectory of the patient in the ICU might change these effects...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548972/assessment-of-adult-malnutrition-and-prognosis-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-phase-angle-and-impedance-ratio
#17
Henry C Lukaski, Ursula G Kyle, Jens Kondrup
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition affects prognosis in many groups of patients. Although screening tools are available to identify adults at risk for poor nutritional status, a need exists to improve the assessment of malnutrition by identifying the loss of functional tissues that can lead to frailty, compromised physical function, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality, particularly among hospitalized and ill patients and older adults. Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) offers a practical approach to identify malnutrition and prognosis by assessing whole-body cell membrane quality and depicting fluid distribution for an individual...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548953/from-rapalogs-to-anti-aging-formula
#18
Mikhail V Blagosklonny
Inhibitors of mTOR, including clinically available rapalogs such as rapamycin (Sirolimus) and Everolimus, are gerosuppressants, which suppress cellular senescence. Rapamycin slows aging and extends life span in a variety of species from worm to mammals. Rapalogs can prevent age-related diseases, including cancer, atherosclerosis, obesity, neurodegeneration and retinopathy and potentially rejuvenate stem cells, immunity and metabolism. Here, I further suggest how rapamycin can be combined with metformin, inhibitors of angiotensin II signaling (Losartan, Lisinopril), statins (simvastatin, atorvastatin), propranolol, aspirin and a PDE5 inhibitor...
May 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548906/beyond-the-bowel-extraintestinal-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Jeffrey D Olpin, Brett P Sjoberg, Sarah E Stilwill, Leif E Jensen, Maryam Rezvani, Akram M Shaaban
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing immune-mediated inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. IBD includes two major disease entities: Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and surveillance of these complex disorders. Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance enterographic techniques have been refined in recent years to provide a superb means of evaluating the gastrointestinal tract for suspected IBD. Although the intestinal imaging manifestations of IBD have been extensively discussed in the radiology literature, extraintestinal imaging manifestations of IBD have received less attention...
May 26, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#20
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
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