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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110514/the-relationship-of-sport-participation-to-provision-of-sports-facilities-and-socioeconomic-status-a-geographical-analysis
#1
Rochelle M Eime, Jack Harvey, Melanie J Charity, Meghan Casey, Hans Westerbeek, Warren R Payne
OBJECTIVE: Ecological models have been applied to investigate multiple domains influencing physical activity behaviour, including individual, social, organisational, community, environmental and policy factors. With regard to the built environment, research to date has been limited to small geographical areas and/or small samples of participants. This study examined the geographical association between provision of sport facilities and participation in sport across an entire Australian state, using objective total enumerations of both, for a group of sports, with adjustment for the effect of socioeconomic status (SES)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110494/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-effects-of-exercise-in-depression
#2
N Brondino, M Rocchetti, L Fusar-Poli, E Codrons, L Correale, M Vandoni, C Barbui, P Politi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of physical exercise on cognitive symptoms in depressed adult patients. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed in Web of Science™ and CINAHL from inception to August 2016. Two reviewers independently selected randomized trials evaluating the effect of exercise on cognitive functions in patients with a validated diagnosis of depression. Outcome measures included global cognition and different cognitive domains (speed of processing, attention/vigilance, working memory, verbal and visual memory, and reasoning)...
January 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110450/application-of-a-statistical-model-for-the-assessment-of-environmental-quality-in-neotropical-semi-arid-reservoirs
#3
Evaldo de Lira Azevêdo, José Etham de Lucena Barbosa, Leandro Gomes Viana, Maria José Pinheiro Anacleto, Marcos Callisto, Joseline Molozzi
The aim of this study was to develop a statistical model to assess the environmental quality of reservoirs located in semi-arid region using metrics of anthropogenic disturbance, water quality variables, and benthic macroinvertebrate communities as indicators. The proposed model was applied to 60 sites located in three reservoirs in the Paraíba river basin, Brazilian semi-arid region. Collections were made in December 2011. In each site, we collected one sample of benthic macroinvertebrates and one water sample for the determination of physical and chemical parameters...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110442/correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-old-and-old-old-community-dwelling-older-adults
#4
Élvio R Quintal Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Andreas Ihle, Matthias Kliegel, José A Maia, Sergi Bermudez I Badia, Duarte L Freitas
PURPOSE: This study aimed (1) to examine the role of potential correlates of HRQoL in a large representative sample of older adults, and (2) to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and potential factors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old-old). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 802 older adults aged 60-79 years old. HRQoL was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional fitness was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test...
January 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110419/patients-trust-in-physician-patient-enablement-and-health-related-quality-of-life-during-colon-cancer-treatment
#5
Nicole Ernstmann, Markus Wirtz, Anika Nitzsche, Sophie E Gross, Lena Ansmann, Tristan D Gloede, Julia Jung, Holger Pfaff, Walter Baumann, Stephan Schmitz, Melanie Neumann
In cancer care, where patients and their families experience significant emotional distress and patients have to deal with complex medical information, patient centeredness is an important aspect of quality of care. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of patients' trust in their oncologists and patients' enablement on changes in health-related quality of life of colon cancer patients during follow-up care. We conducted a prospective study in a representative sample of private practices of German oncologists (N = 44)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110395/relative-contribution-of-health-related-behaviours-and-chronic-diseases-to-the-socioeconomic-patterning-of-low-grade-inflammation
#6
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, George Pounis, Amalia De Curtis, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: To test the association of low-grade inflammation with socioeconomic status (SES) and determine the relative contribution of prevalent chronic diseases and health-related behaviours in explaining such association. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on 19,867 subjects (age ≥35, 48.1% men) recruited within the Moli-sani study from 2005 to 2010 (Italy). A score of low-grade inflammation, including platelet and leukocyte counts, the granulocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, and C-reactive protein was applied...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110390/operative-treatment-of-lateral-ligament-instability
#7
REVIEW
Rachel J Shakked, Sydney Karnovsky, Mark C Drakos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ankle sprains, which account for 40% of sports injuries in the USA, can lead to chronic ankle instability. Chronic ankle instability can be classified as functional, mechanical, or a combination of both and is diagnosed using a combination of a physical exam, an MRI, and stress radiographs. This review focuses on different approaches to treatment, including non-operative and operative techniques, of chronic ankle instability, including reviewing traditional procedures as well as more novel and newer techniques...
January 21, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110376/the-burdens-concerns-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-gastroparesis
#8
Daohai Yu, Frederick V Ramsey, William F Norton, Nancy Norton, Susan Schneck, Tegan Gaetano, Henry P Parkman
AIMS: The impact of gastroparesis on patients from the patient's viewpoint is needed to better address treatment priorities. The aims of this study were to: (1) Delineate burdens and concerns of patients with gastroparesis; (2) investigate specific symptoms contributing to impaired quality of life (QOL) in gastroparesis. METHODS: The International Foundation for Functional GI Disorders gastroparesis survey questionnaire was developed to describe patients' viewpoint about their experience with gastroparesis and included Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms (PAGI-SYM) and SF-36 QOL survey...
January 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110256/ethical-experiential-learning-in-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-education-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Sandra Grace, Ev Innes, Narelle Patton, Lynette Stockhausen
: Students enrolled in medical, nursing and health science programs often participate in experiential learning in their practical classes. Experiential learning includes peer physical examination and peer-assisted learning where students practise clinical skills on each other. OBJECTIVES: To identify effective strategies that enable ethical experiential learning for health students during practical classes. DESIGN: A narrative review of the literature...
January 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110232/physical-properties-and-extracellular-polymeric-substances-pattern-of-aerobic-granular-sludge-treating-hypersaline-wastewater
#10
Santo Fabio Corsino, Marco Capodici, Michele Torregrossa, Gaspare Viviani
The modification of the physical properties of aerobic granular sludge treating fish-canning wastewater is discussed in this paper. The structure and composition of the Extracellular Polymeric Substances (EPSs) were analyzed at different salinity levels and related to granules stability. Results outlined that the total EPSs content increased with salinity, despite the EPSs increment was not proportional to the salt concentration. Moreover, the EPSs structure was significantly modified by salinity, leading to a gradual increase of the not-bound EPSs fraction, which was close to the 50% of the total EPSs content at 75gNaClL(-1)...
January 13, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110207/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Neslihan Lok, Sefa Lok, Muammer Canbaz
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity may have positive effects on decreasing anxiety, stress and depression, maintaining mental health and ensuring psychological vitality.This study aimed to determine how a "Physical Activity Program" for elderly people in nursing homes affected their depressive symptoms and quality of life. METHODS: We included 80 individuals aged >65years (40 in the intervention group, 40 controls) in this experimental, randomized, controlled pretest-posttest study...
January 16, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110173/tuning-physical-properties-and-bmp-2-release-rates-of-injectable-hydrogel-systems-for-an-optimal-bone-regeneration-effect
#12
Bo-Bae Seo, Jeong-Tae Koh, Soo-Chang Song
For a substance to be used as a drug delivery carrier and tissue inducible material for a target disease, its drug release rate and physical properties should be optimized to facilitate the healing process. We developed multi-tunable hydrogel systems with various physical properties and release behaviors to determine the optimal conditions for bone regeneration. Five injectable poly(phosphazene) hydrogels were developed with different types and amounts of anionic side-chains. The five polymer hydrogels showed considerably different in vitro and in vivo performances for sol-gel phase transition, dissolution/degradation, water uptake, and pore size...
January 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110162/pregnancy-with-gestational-hypertension-or-preeclampsia-a-qualitative-exploration-of-women-s-experiences
#13
Lynne M Roberts, Gregory K Davis, Caroline S E Homer
BACKGROUND: Hypertension complicates 10% of pregnancies and involves specialised care of the woman and her baby, a longer stay in hospital, and an increased risk of physical and mental morbidity. There is limited research reporting the woman's perspective on her experience, how she coped with it psychologically, and whether the care she received influenced her experience. AIM: To gain insight into women's experience of hypertension in pregnancy and to report on what mediating factors may help improve their experience...
January 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110156/maternal-childhood-trauma-postpartum-depression-and-infant-outcomes-avoidant-affective-processing-as-a-potential-mechanism
#14
Karmel W Choi, Kathleen J Sikkema, Bavi Vythilingum, Lut Geerts, Sheila C Faure, Melissa H Watt, Annerine Roos, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Women who have experienced childhood trauma may be at risk for postpartum depression, increasing the likelihood of negative outcomes among their children. Predictive pathways from maternal childhood trauma to child outcomes, as mediated by postpartum depression, require investigation. METHODS: A longitudinal sample of South African women (N=150) was followed through pregnancy and postpartum. Measures included maternal trauma history reported during pregnancy; postpartum depression through six months; and maternal-infant bonding, infant development, and infant physical growth at one year...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110138/contributions-to-ultrasound-monitoring-of-the-process-of-milk-curdling
#15
Antonio Jiménez, Montaña Rufo, Jesús M Paniagua, Abel T Crespo, M Patricia Guerrero, M José Riballo
Ultrasound evaluation permits the state of milk being curdled to be determined quickly and cheaply, thus satisfying the demands faced by today's dairy product producers. This paper describes the non-invasive ultrasonic method of in situ monitoring the changing physical properties of milk during the renneting process. The basic objectives of the study were, on the one hand, to confirm the usefulness of conventional non-destructive ultrasonic testing (time-of-flight and attenuation of the ultrasound waves) in monitoring the process in the case of ewe's milk, and, on the other, to include other ultrasound parameters which have not previously been considered in studies on this topic, in particular, parameters provided by the Fast Fourier Transform technique...
January 10, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110123/investigation-of-123-i-production-using-electron-accelerator
#16
Albert Avetisyan, Robert Avagyan, Ruben Dallakyan, Gohar Avdalyan, Nikolay Dobrovolsky, Vasak Gavalyan, Ivetta Kerobyan, Gevorg Harutyunyan
The possibility of (123)I isotope production with the help of the high-intensity bremsstrahlung photons produced by the electron beam of the LUE50 linear electron accelerator at the A.I. Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory (Yerevan Physics Institute [YerPhI]) is considered. The production method has been established and shown to be successful. The (124)Xe(γ,n)(123)Xe→(123)I nuclear reaction has been investigated and the cross-section was calculated by nuclear codes TALYS 1.6 and EMPIRE 3.2. The optimum parameter of the thickness of the target was determined by GEANT4 code...
December 22, 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110115/application-of-an-ecosystem-model-to-evaluate-the-importance-of-different-processes-and-food-web-structure-for-transfer-of-13-elements-in-a-shallow-lake
#17
L Konovalenko, C Bradshaw, E Andersson, U Kautsky
In environmental risk assessments of nuclear waste, there is need to estimate the potential risks of a large number of radionuclides over a long time period during which the environment is likely to change. Usually concentration ratios (CRs) are used to calculate the activity concentrations in organisms. However, CRs are not available for all radionuclides and they are not easily scalable to the varying environment. Here, an ecosystem transport model of elements, which estimates concentrations in organisms using carbon flows and food transfer instead of CR is presented...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110108/boys-are-not-exempt-sexual-exploitation-of-adolescents-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Jones K Adjei, Elizabeth M Saewyc
Research on youth sexual exploitation in Africa has largely neglected the experiences of exploited boys. To date, much of the research in sub-Saharan Africa continues to consider boys mainly as exploiters but not as exploited. Using the only publicly available population-based surveys from the National Survey of Adolescents, conducted in four sub-Saharan African countries - Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda-we assessed factors associated with transactional sexual behaviour among never-married adolescent boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110089/causal-evidence-of-the-involvement-of-the-right-occipital-face-area-in-face-identity-acquisition
#19
Géza Gergely Ambrus, Fabienne Windel, A Mike Burton, Gyula Kovács
There is growing evidence that the occipital face area (OFA), originally thought to be involved in the construction of a low-level representation of the physical features of a face, is also taking part in higher-level face processing. To test whether the OFA is causally involved in the learning of novel face identities, we have used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) together with a sequential sorting - face matching paradigm (Andrews et al. 2015). First, participants sorted images of two unknown persons during the initial learning phase while either their right OFA or the Vertex was stimulated using TMS...
January 18, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110072/structuring-of-composite-hydrogel-bioadhesives-and-its-effect-on-properties-and-bonding-mechanism
#20
Oded Pinkas, Daniella Goder, Roni Noyvirt, Sivan Peleg, Maayan Kahlon, Meital Zilberman
: Bioadhesives are polymeric hydrogels that can adhere to a tissue after crosslinking and are an essential element in nearly all surgeries worldwide. Several bioadhesives are commercially available. However, none of them are ideal. The main limitation of current tissue adhesives is the tradeoff between biocompatibility and mechanical strength, especially in wet hemorrhagic environments. Our novel bioadhesives are based on the natural polymers gelatin (coldwater fish) and alginate, crosslinked by carbodiimide (EDC)...
January 18, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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