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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340529/effects-of-rapid-thermal-annealing-and-different-oxidants-on-the-properties-of-laxalyo-nanolaminate-films-deposited-by-atomic-layer-deposition
#1
Chenxi Fei, Hongxia Liu, Xing Wang, Lu Zhao, Dongdong Zhao, Xingyao Feng
A comparative study of different sequences of two metal precursors [trimethylaluminum (TMA) and Tris(isopropylcyclopentadienyl) lanthanum (La((i)PrCp)3)] for atomic layer deposition (ALD) lanthanum aluminum oxide (LaxAlyO) films is carried out. The percentage compositions of C and N impurity of LaxAlyO films were investigated using in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The effects of different oxidants on the physical and chemical properties and electrical characteristics of LaxAlyO films are studied before and after annealing...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340491/comparison-of-skillful-vs-less-skilled-young-soccer-players-on-anthropometric-maturation-physical-fitness-and-time-of-practice
#2
Márcio André de Gouvêa, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Alex Silva Ribeiro, Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da Silva, David Ohara, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque
This study compared maturation, body composition and physical fitness between youth soccer athletes with different technical skills levels. Sixty-two young athletes (11-17 years) were categorized dichotomously in more skilled (n=31) and less skilled (n=31) groups based on 3 specific technical tests (Dribbling Speed Test [DST], Shuttle Dribble Test [SDT] and Slalom Dribble Test [SLDT]). Chronological and skeletal age, time of practice, body composition and 4 physical fitness tests were performed for comparisons...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340479/additive-effects-prevail-the-response-of-biota-to-multiple-stressors-in-an-intensively-monitored-watershed
#3
Alexander Gieswein, Daniel Hering, Christian K Feld
Freshwater ecosystems are impacted by a range of stressors arising from diverse human-caused land and water uses. Identifying the relative importance of single stressors and understanding how multiple stressors interact and jointly affect biology is crucial for River Basin Management. This study addressed multiple human-induced stressors and their effects on the aquatic flora and fauna based on data from standard WFD monitoring schemes. For altogether 1095 sites within a mountainous catchment, we used 12 stressor variables covering three different stressor groups: riparian land use, physical habitat quality and nutrient enrichment...
March 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340449/right-hemisphere-pitch-mismatch-negativity-reduction-in-patients-with-major-depression-an-meg-study
#5
Noriaki Hirakawa, Yoji Hirano, Itta Nakamura, Shogo Hirano, Jinya Sato, Naoya Oribe, Takefumi Ueno, Shigenobu Kanba, Toshiaki Onitsuka
BACKGROUND: The mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the event-related potential and its magnetic counterpart, the MMNm, are generated by a mismatch between the physical features of a deviant stimulus and a neuronal sensory-memory trace produced by repetitive standard stimuli. Deficits in the MMN/MMNm have been reported in patients with major depression; however, the results are inconsistent. The present study investigated the pitch-MMNm in patients with major depression using whole-head 306-channel magnetoencephalography (MEG)...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340403/micro-and-macrovascular-function-in-children-with-sickle-cell-anaemia-and-sickle-cell-haemoglobin-c-disease
#6
Berenike Möckesch, Keyne Charlot, Stéphane Jumet, Marc Romana, Lydia Divialle-Doumdo, Marie-Dominique Hardy-Dessources, Marie Petras, Benoît Tressieres, Vanessa Tarer, Olivier Hue, Maryse Etienne-Julan, Philippe Connes, Sophie Antoine-Jonville
It is unclear whether vascular function is affected similarly in children with sickle cell anaemia (SS) and children with sickle haemoglobin C (SC) disease. Therefore, we compared micro and macrovascular functions in healthy (AA) children, children with SS and SC disease, and assessed their association with physical activity. Participants (24 SS, 22 SC and 16 AA), were compared in terms of 1) thermal hyperaemic response (finger pad warming to 42°C) measured by Laser Doppler techniques, 2) arterial stiffness determined by pulse wave velocity, 3) daily energy expenditure related to moderate and intense physical activities estimated by questionnaire and 4) fitness level, evaluated by the six-minute walk test...
February 4, 2017: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340390/the-association-of-eating-performance-and-environmental-stimulation-among-older-adults-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-analysis
#7
Wen Liu, Ying-Ling Jao, Kristine Williams
BACKGROUND: Nursing home residents with dementia experience increased risk for compromised eating performance due to intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Environmental stimulation is physical, social, and/or sensory stimulation present in the environment that can potentially trigger individuals' emotion or motivate physical reactions. Beyond the personal factors, there is a lack of evidence on how environmental stimulation influences individuals' eating performance at mealtimes...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340389/minilaparotomy-without-general-anesthesia-for-the-treatment-of-sigmoid-volvulus-in-high-risk-patients-a-case-series-of-4-patients
#8
Ernesto L Enrique, Kareem A Hamdy
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is a common cause of large bowel obstruction worldwide. Presenting symptoms can be nonspecific and varied amongst the elderly population, making medical and surgical management challenging. This population is at markedly increase risk of complications and mortality with surgery under general anesthesia. In this case series, we describe 4 cases of sigmoid volvulus in octogenarians. GOALS: To demonstrate that sigmoid colectomy under local anesthesia, with or without intravenous conscious sedation, is feasible and can be done safely and with a low rate of converting to a general anesthetic...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340384/effects-of-waste-eggshells-and-sic-addition-on-specific-strength-and-thermal-expansion-of-hybrid-green-metal-matrix-composite
#9
Satpal Sharma, Shashi Prakash Dwivedi
Chicken eggshell waste is an industrial byproduct, and its disposal constitutes a serious environmental hazard. Chicken eggshell can be used in commercial products to produce new materials with low cost and density. Low density material which can sustain at higher temperature is a remarkable area of research. Keeping these facts in the mind, the present investigation aims to study the physical behaviour, specific strength and thermal expansion of AA2014/SiC/carbonized eggshell hybrid green metal matrix composites...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340365/emotion-regulation-strategies-mediate-the-associations-of-positive-and-negative-affect-to-upper-extremity-physical-function
#10
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Hora Nemati-Rezvani, Stefan F Fischerauer, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: The Gross process model of emotion regulation holds that emotion-eliciting situations (e.g. musculoskeletal illness) can be strategically regulated to determine the final emotional and behavioral response. Also, there is some evidence that innate emotional traits may predispose an individual to a particular regulating coping style. METHODS: We enrolled 107 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness in this cross-sectional study. They completed self-report measures of positive and negative affect, emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), upper extremity physical function, pain intensity, and demographics...
March 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340363/benchmark-integral-neutron-experiments-for-fe-be-and-c-with-dt-neutron-by-liquid-scintillation-detector
#11
He Tie, Zheng Pu, Xiao Jun, Zhu Chuanxin, Yang Jian, Guo Haiping
The measurements of iron, beryllium and carbon sphere neutron leakage spectra using BC501A detector by DT neutron source are presented. The experiments were carried out in Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry (INPC), China. Neutron leakage spectra in a wide energy range at angles of 0° and 30° from the direction of incident deuteron beam were obtained. The results show the leakage neutron flux decreases notably with the spherical shell increasing when neutron energy >10MeV. When neutron energy <6MeV the leakage neutron distribution tends to lower energy side with the shell increase...
December 20, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340224/the-association-of-context-specific-sitting-time-and-physical-activity-intensity-to-working-memory-capacity-and-academic-achievement-in-young-adults
#12
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Charles H Hillman, Eva Cirera, Anna Puig-Ribera
To examine combined associations between self-reported context-specific sitting time (ST) and physical activity (PA) with working memory capacity (WMC) and academic achievement in a sample of Spanish adults. Undergraduate students ( n = 371; 21 years ± 3 years, 44% female) were recruited from University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia. Participants completed a 54-item survey that assessed socio-demographic variables (e.g. age, gender, academic year), min/week of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) intensity PA (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), min/day of domain-specific ST (Last 7 days sedentary behavior questionnaire) and academic performance (grade point average)...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340201/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-and-health-status-in-adolescents
#13
Emily Granger, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Lesley Patterson, Raphael Holmes, Arpana Verma
Reduced physical activity is a known risk factor for many illnesses. Research in adolescent populations found increased physical activity levels improves objective health outcomes, but there is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship between physical activity levels and self-reported health status. To synthesise current evidence on the association between physical activity and self-reported health status in adolescents. Secondary objectives are to assess whether the relationship is dose dependant, and the appropriateness of WHO recommendations on adolescents' physical activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340157/cervical-lateral-glide-neural-mobilization-is-effective-in-treating-cervicobrachial-pain-a-randomized-waiting-list-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Francisco Unda-Solano, Irene Sanz-Corbalán, Carlos Romero-Morales, Daniel López-López
Background.:  Cervicobrachial pain (CP) is a high-incidence and prevalent condition. Cervical lateral glide (CLG) is a firstline treatment of CP. There is a current lack of enough high-quality randomized controlled double-blind clinical trials that measure the effectiveness of neural tissue mobilization techniques such as the CLG and its specific effect over CP. Objectives.:  The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of CLG neural mobilization in treating subjects who suffer from CP, compared with the complete absence of treatment...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340152/sarcopenia-and-relationships-between-muscle-mass-measured-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-5
#15
Yunan Zhou, Matthias Hellberg, Philippa Svensson, Peter Höglund, Naomi Clyne
Background.: Sarcopenia and poor physical function are common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to investigate the relationships between muscle mass and measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and between muscle mass and strength and balance, respectively, in patients with CKD stages 3-5. Methods.: This is a baseline data analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial. A total of 148 adult patients with an estimated GFR <30 mL/min/1...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340149/individual-and-regional-determinants-for-physical-therapy-utilization-in-germany-multilevel-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#16
Alexander Rommel, Lars Eric Kroll
Background: Physical therapy (PT) is included in many clinical guidelines and a commonly used health service. However, access to its benefits should not strongly depend on social or demographic factors. Objective: The present study used the Andersen model to explain to what extent PT utilization in Germany depends on factors beyond medical need. Methods: The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS, 2008-2011; target population, 18-79 years) is part of the German health-monitoring system...
March 9, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340145/human-abuse-potential-of-the-new-opioid-analgesic-molecule-nktr-181-compared-with-oxycodone
#17
Lynn Webster, Jack Henningfield, August R Buchhalter, Suresh Siddhanti, Lin Lu, Aleksandrs Odinecs, Carlo J Di Fonzo, Michael A Eldon
Objective.:  Evaluate the human abuse potential, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of NKTR-181, a novel mu-opioid agonist molecule, relative to oxycodone. Design.:  This randomized, single-center, double-blind, active- and placebo-controlled five-period crossover study enrolled healthy, adult, non-physically dependent recreational opioid users. Setting.:  Inpatient clinical research site. Subjects. : Forty-two randomized subjects (73...
March 10, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340130/falling-down-on-the-job-evaluation-and-treatment-of-fall-risk-among-older-adults-with-upper-extremity-fragility-fractures
#18
Christine M McDonough, Carrie H Colla, Donald Carmichael, Anna N A Tosteson, Tor D Tosteson, John-Erik Bell, Robert V Cantu, Jonathan D Lurie, Julie P W Bynum
Background: Clinical practice guidelines recommend fall risk assessment and intervention for older adults who sustain a fall-related injury to prevent future injury and mobility decline. Objective: To describe how often Medicare beneficiaries with upper extremity fracture receive evaluation and treatment for fall risk. Design: Observational cohort. Methods Subjects: Fee-for-service beneficiaries age 66 to 99 treated as outpatients for proximal humerus or distal radius/ulna ("wrist") fragility fractures were studied using Carrier and Outpatient Hospital files...
March 2, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340124/depressive-symptoms-and-involvement-in-physical-fighting-among-portuguese-adolescents
#19
Silvia Fraga, Elisabete Ramos, Henrique Barros
In this article, authors present findings on the relationship between depressive symptoms and involvement in physical fighting in late adolescence. Participants were 1,380 Portuguese adolescents initially recruited in 2003 to the EPITeen cohort. Depressive symptoms were assessed at 13 and 17 years of age using Beck Depressive Inventory II (BDI). Physical fighting was recorded at the age of 17. For girls, there was a significant association between depressive symptoms and physical fighting for those who scored BDI >13 at 17 years old and remained statistically significant after adjustment...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340086/real-world-massage-therapy-produces-meaningful-effectiveness-signal-for-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-of-a-repeated-measures-cohort-study
#20
William G Elder, Niki Munk, Margaret M Love, Geza G Bruckner, Kathryn E Stewart, Kevin Pearce
Objective.:  While efficacy of massage and other nonpharmacological treatments for chronic low back pain is established, stakeholders have called for pragmatic studies of effectiveness in "real-world" primary health care. The Kentucky Pain Research and Outcomes Study evaluated massage impact on pain, disability, and health-related quality of life for primary care patients with chronic low back pain. We report effectiveness and feasibility results, and make comparisons with established minimal clinically important differences...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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