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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637332/coarse-particle-inclusion-and-lignocellulose-rich-fiber-addition-in-feed-benefit-performance-and-health-of-broiler-chickens
#1
Sarbast K Kheravii, Robert A Swick, Mingan Choct, Shu-Biao Wu
Measures to improve gut health and nutrient digestibility have been sought due to in-feed antibiotics being phased out in poultry. The appropriate physical structure of feed ingredients and addition of dietary fiber may be beneficial in enhancing gut health in poultry. In this study, the effect of a lignocellulose-rich fiber source and corn particle size on broiler performance, gizzard development, nutrient digestibility, cecal microflora, and litter quality was evaluated. A total of 684 day-old male Ross 308 chicks were randomly allocated to 6 treatments with 6 replicate pens, each housing 19 birds...
June 15, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637311/whole-woman-s-health-v-hellerstedt-the-empirical-case-against-trap-laws
#2
Michele Goodwin
This commentary examines the US Supreme Court case Whole Woman's Health v Hellerstedt.1 This comment synthesizes the case, focusing primarily on its legislative and appellate history as well as the Supreme Court's analysis. The comment finds that while Whole Woman's Health represented a judicial victory for those who seek to safeguard and preserve abortion rights, it nevertheless further rooted the primacy of the Supreme Court's flawed framework in Planned Parenthood v Casey2, which rests on perpetuating the notion of abortion as a threat against women's physical and mental health...
June 13, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637306/introduction-of-a-much-needed-physical-function-focused-medication-review-tool
#3
Rebecca M Henderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637266/family-caregivers-of-older-adults-1999-2015-trends-in-characteristics-circumstances-and-role-related-appraisal
#4
Jennifer L Wolff, John Mulcahy, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Kenneth Covinsky, Judith D Kasper
Purpose of Study: To assess trends in family caregiving between 1999 and 2015. Design and Methods: We construct nationally representative profiles of community-dwelling older adults receiving help with self-care or indoor mobility and their "primary" family or unpaid caregiver using the 1999 and 2004 National Long Term Care Survey, 2011 and 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study, and linked caregiver surveys. Trends are examined. Results: Older adults receiving help were incrementally younger, more racially diverse, and better educated in 2015...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637260/associations-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-with-the-risk-and-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-in-a-general-population-a-15-year-follow-up-of-64%C3%A2-027-individuals-in-the-hunt-study
#5
Julie Paulsen, Åsa Askim, Randi Marie Mohus, Arne Mehl, Andrew Dewan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Bjørn O Åsvold
Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and primary prevention should be a priority. Lifestyle factors are of particular interest since they represent a modifiable target. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among participants in the population-based Norwegian HUNT2 Survey, where 64 027 participants were followed from 1995-97 through 2011 by linkage to prospectively recorded information on BSI at local and regional hospitals...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637236/the-ribosome-assembly-gene-network-is-controlled-by-the-feedback-regulation-of-transcription-elongation
#6
Fernando Gómez-Herreros, Thanasis Margaritis, Olga Rodríguez-Galán, Vicent Pelechano, Victoria Begley, Gonzalo Millán-Zambrano, Macarena Morillo-Huesca, Mari Cruz Muñoz-Centeno, José E Pérez-Ortín, Jesús de la Cruz, Frank C P Holstege, Sebastián Chávez
Ribosome assembly requires the concerted expression of hundreds of genes, which are transcribed by all three nuclear RNA polymerases. Transcription elongation involves dynamic interactions between RNA polymerases and chromatin. We performed a synthetic lethal screening in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with a conditional allele of SPT6, which encodes one of the factors that facilitates this process. Some of these synthetic mutants corresponded to factors that facilitate pre-rRNA processing and ribosome biogenesis...
June 15, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637214/health-and-social-physical-environment-profiles-among-older-adults-living-alone-associations-with-depressive-symptoms
#7
Sojung Park, Jacqui Smith, Ruth E Dunkle, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Toni C Antonucci
Objectives: We examined differences in depressive symptoms among people 65 and older who live alone, exploring whether these differences are associated with both health and environmental contexts. Method: Data are from the 2006 wave of Health Retirement Study (N = 2,956, age range: 65-104). We used a two-step cluster analytical approach to identify subgroups of health-limitation profiles and environmental profiles. Logistic regression models determined associations between subgroups and depressive symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637191/value-added-strategy-models-to-provide-quality-services-in-senior-health-business
#8
Ya-Ting Yang, Neng-Pai Lin, Shyi Su, Ya-Mei Chen, Yao-Mao Chang, Yujiro Handa, Hafsah Arshed Ali Khan, Yi-Hsin Elsa Hsu
Objective: The rapid population aging is now a global issue. The increase in the elderly population will impact the health care industry and health enterprises; various senior needs will promote the growth of the senior health industry. Most senior health studies are focused on the demand side and scarcely on supply. Our study selected quality enterprises focused on aging health and analyzed different strategies to provide excellent quality services to senior health enterprises. Design: We selected 33 quality senior health enterprises in Taiwan and investigated their excellent quality services strategies by face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews with CEO and managers of each enterprise in 2013...
June 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637186/cpg-and-methylation-dependent-dna-binding-and-dynamics-of-the-methylcytosine-binding-domain-2-protein-at-the-single-molecule-level
#9
Hai Pan, Stephanie M Bilinovich, Parminder Kaur, Robert Riehn, Hong Wang, David C Williams
The methylcytosine-binding domain 2 (MBD2) protein recruits the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase complex (NuRD) to methylated DNA to modify chromatin and regulate transcription. Importantly, MBD2 functions within CpG islands that contain 100s to 1000s of potential binding sites. Since NuRD physically rearranges nucleosomes, the dynamic mobility of this complex is directly related to function. In these studies, we use NMR and single-molecule atomic force microscopy and fluorescence imaging to study DNA binding dynamics of MBD2...
June 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637156/the-sink-or-swim-hypothesis-a-roadmap-from-pathology-to-work-instability
#10
Bilal Akter Mateen, Catherine Doogan, Kate Hayward, Susan Hourihan, Joanne Hurford, E Diane Playford
PURPOSE: Selecting the most appropriate health-related work outcome to evaluate an intervention can be fraught with difficulty. To aid clinicians in navigating this problem we have developed a model, which illustrates how pathology can affect specific measureable quantities, such as work instability. METHODS: Using a modified-Delphi procedure, a panel of experts met initially to analyze the content of 95 health-related work outcome measures and organize the identified areas of measurement into a coherent model, complemented by a narrative review of the literature...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637152/how-physical-therapists-instruct-patients-with-stroke-an-observational-study-on-attentional-focus-during-gait-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#11
Elmar Kal, Henrieke van den Brink, Han Houdijk, John van der Kamp, Paulien Helena Goossens, Coen van Bennekom, Erik Scherder
PURPOSE: People without neurological impairments show superior motor learning when they focus on movement effects (external focus) rather than on movement execution itself (internal focus). Despite its potential for neurorehabilitation, it remains unclear to what extent external focus strategies are currently incorporated in rehabilitation post-stroke. Therefore, we observed how physical therapists use attentional focus when treating gait of rehabilitating patients with stroke. METHODS: Twenty physical therapist-patient couples from six rehabilitation centers participated...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637149/personal-meaning-in-relation-to-daily-functioning-of-a-patient-in-physical-therapy-practice-narratives-of-a-patient-a-family-member-and-physical-therapist
#12
Ellen Oosting, Jaap Dronkers, Thomas Hoogeboom, Nico van Meeteren, Willem Marie Speelman
PURPOSE: To get insight into personal meaning of a person involved in a physical therapy intervention. METHODS: Mrs. A, a 76-year-old woman is referred to a physical therapist (PT) for assessment of functioning and training before total hip arthroplasty (THA). The patient, her daughter, and PT were asked to write a story about their daily life. Stories were analyzed according to the narrative scheme based on a method to find meaning in daily life, which consists of four phases: 1...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637147/musculoskeletal-complaints-in-individuals-with-finger-or-partial-hand-amputations-in-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Sjoukje E Bouma, Sietke G Postema, Raoul M Bongers, Pieter U Dijkstra, Corry K van der Sluis
PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) in individuals with finger or partial hand amputations (FPHAs) with a control group and to explore the effect and predictors of MSCs in individuals with FPHAs. METHOD: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted. The primary outcome measures were: prevalence of MSCs, health status, pain-related disability, physical work demands, work productivity, and hand function. RESULTS: The response rate was 61%...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#14
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637144/what-information-do-patients-need-following-a-whiplash-injury-the-perspectives-of-patients-and-physiotherapists
#15
Annick Maujean, Joanna Sterling, Michele Sterling
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to identify information that individuals with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) need to know in the early stages of recovery and to establish whether there is a difference between what physiotherapists and whiplash-injured patients perceive as important information. METHOD: Forty-one participants were recruited (20 whiplash-injured patients, 21 physiotherapists). Participants were asked to provide five statements to one open-ended question about what they believe is the most important information individuals with WAD need to know in the early stages of recovery...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637139/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-persian-version-of-coop-wonca-charts-in-persian-speaking-iranians-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Morteza Taghipour, Mahyar Salavati, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Behnam Akhbari, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Hossein Negahban, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh
PURPOSE: Translation, cross-culturally adaptation and validation of a Persian version of COOP/WONCA charts in Persian-speaking Iranians with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: The Persian version of COOP/WONCA charts was developed after a standard forward translation, synthesis and backward translation. A total of 197 subjects with MS participated in this study. They were asked to complete the COOP/WONCA charts and Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36). The COOP/WONCA charts were re-administered to 50 patients, 4 weeks after the first session...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637138/psychometric-properties-of-persian-version-of-the-caregiver-burden-scale-in-iranian-caregivers-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Ata Farajzadeh, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Hamid Reza Rostami, Amir Hassan Kohan
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Caregiver Burden Scale (CBS) in caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. After a forward-backward translation, the CBS was administered to 110 caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury (men = 60, women = 50). Factor structure was evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis. The Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the CBS were examined using Cronbach's α and the intraclass correlation coefficient, respectively...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637134/an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-the-meaning-and-value-of-a-running-walking-program-for-women-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#18
Jennifer Brunet, Stephanie Saunders, Wendy Gifford, Roanne Thomas, Ryan Hamilton
PURPOSE: To generate insights into the personal meaning and value of a running/walking program for women after a diagnosis of breast cancer. METHODS: After completing a 12-week running/walking program with a 5-km training goal, eight women were interviewed and seven participated in a focus group. The interviews and focus group were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Data portrayed the personal benefits and value of the clinic...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637132/international-employee-perspectives-on-disability-management
#19
Shannon Wagner, Nicholas Buys, Ignatius Yu, Thomas Geisen, Henry Harder, Christine Randall, Alex Fraess-Phillips, Benedikt Hassler, Liz Scott, Karen Lo, Dan Tang, Caroline Howe
PURPOSE: To provide an international analysis of employees' views of the influence of disability management (DM) on the workplace. METHODOLOGY: An international research team with representation from Australia, Canada, China, and Switzerland collected survey data from employees in public and private companies in their respective regions. Due to lack of availability of current measures, a research team-created survey was used and a total of 1201 respondents were collected across the four countries...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637129/patient-reported-outcomes-in-gne-myopathy-incorporating-a-valid-assessment-of-physical-function-in-a-rare-disease
#20
Christina Slota, Margaret Bevans, Li Yang, Joseph Shrader, Galen Joe, Nuria Carrillo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three patient reported outcome (PRO) measures characterizing physical function in GNE myopathy: the Human Activity Profile, the Inclusion Body Myositis Functional Rating Scale, and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale. METHODS: This analysis used data from 35 GNE myopathy subjects participating in a natural history study. For construct validity, correlational and known-group analyses were between the PROs and physical assessments...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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