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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#1
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207497/concurrent-presence-of-inflammation-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-exacerbates-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-koges-6-year-follow-up-study
#2
Jinkwan Kim, Dae Wui Yoon, Seung Ku Lee, Seunggwan Lee, Kyung-Mee Choi, Thomas J Robert, Chol Shin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to multiple end-organ morbidities that are mediated by the cumulative burden of oxidative stress and inflammation. Both OSA and inflammation play key roles in increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Thus, we hypothesized that the combination of inflammation and OSA could accelerate the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a large cohort study.A total of 1835 participants were randomly selected from the ongoing Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study for the years between 2007 and 2015...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196476/automatic-mri-segmentation-of-para-pharyngeal-fat-pads-using-interactive-visual-feature-space-analysis-for-classification
#3
Muhammad Laiq Ur Rahman Shahid, Teodora Chitiboi, Tetyana Ivanovska, Vladimir Molchanov, Henry Völzke, Lars Linsen
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a public health problem. Detailed analysis of the para-pharyngeal fat pads can help us to understand the pathogenesis of OSA and may mediate the intervention of this sleeping disorder. A reliable and automatic para-pharyngeal fat pads segmentation technique plays a vital role in investigating larger data bases to identify the anatomic risk factors for the OSA. METHODS: Our research aims to develop a context-based automatic segmentation algorithm to delineate the fat pads from magnetic resonance images in a population-based study...
February 14, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192891/sleep-duration-and-chronic-kidney-disease-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges-kangwha-study
#4
Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Joo Young Lee, Ju-Mi Lee, Dong Phil Choi, Il Suh
Background/Aims: Sleep duration affects health in various ways. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of sleep duration with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a Korean adult population. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis was conducted for total of 1,360 participants who completed baseline health examinations for the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study-Kangwha study in 2010 to 2011. Sleep habits were measured by an interviewer-assisted questionnaire...
February 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181463/reproducibility-of-an-extensive-self-report-questionnaire-used-in-secondary-coronary-prevention
#5
Kari Peersen, John Munkhaugen, Lars Gullestad, Toril Dammen, Torbjorn Moum, Jan Erik Otterstad
AIMS: Self-reported information from questionnaires is frequently used in clinical epidemiological studies, but few provide information on the reproducibility of instruments applied in secondary coronary prevention studies. This study aims to assess the test-retest reproducibility of the questionnaire applied in the cross-sectional NORwegian CORonary (NOR-COR) Prevention Study. METHODS: In the NOR-COR study 1127 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients completed a self-report questionnaire consisting of 249 questions, of which there are both validated instruments and de novo questions...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164452/sleep-obesity-relation-underlying-mechanisms-and-consequences-for-treatment
#6
REVIEW
M-P St-Onge
Short sleep duration has been associated with obesity in numerous epidemiological studies. However, such association studies cannot establish evidence of causality. Clinical intervention studies, on the other hand, can provide information on a causal effect of sleep duration on markers of weight gain: energy intake and energy expenditure. Herein is an overview of the science related to the impact of sleep restriction, in the context of clinical intervention studies, on energy intake, energy expenditure and body weight...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162142/depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-objectively-measured-sleep-parameters-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#7
Katalin Z Ronai, Andras Szentkiralyi, Alpar S Lazar, Akos Ujszaszi, Csilla Turanyi, Ferenc Gombos, Istvan Mucsi, Robert Bodizs, Miklos Z Molnar, Marta Novak
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Both depression and sleep complaints are very prevalent among kidney transplant (kTx) recipients. However, details of the complex relationship between sleep and depression in this population are not well documented. Thus, we investigated the association between depressive symptoms and sleep macrostructure parameters among prevalent kTx recipients. METHODS: Ninety-five kTx recipients participated in the study (54 males, mean age 51 ± 13 y, body mass index 26 ± 4 kg/m2, estimated glomerular filtration rate 53 ± 19 ml/min/1...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161702/the-course-and-impact-of-poststroke-insomnia-in-stroke-survivors-aged-18-to-65-years-results-from-the-psychosocial-outcomes-in-stroke-poise-study%C3%A2
#8
Nick Glozier, Tom J Moullaali, Børge Sivertsen, Dukyeon Kim, Gillian Mead, Stephen Jan, Qiang Li, Maree L Hackett
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are common in the population and have negative psychosocial and functional sequelae. There are no prospective studies of the course of such symptoms and their impact, if any, in stroke survivors. This prospective cohort study investigated insomnia after stroke in working-age adults and evaluated its impact on psychological and functional outcomes over the subsequent year. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 441 young (<65 years) consecutive stroke survivors from 20 public hospitals in the New South Wales Stroke Service network...
February 3, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157814/hypertension-in-dialysis-patients-a-consensus-document-by-the-european-renal-and-cardiovascular-medicine-eureca-m-working-group-of-the-european-renal-association-european-dialysis-and-transplant-association-era-edta-and-the-hypertension-and-the-kidney-working
#9
Pantelis A Sarafidis, Alexandre Persu, Rajiv Agarwal, Michel Burnier, Peter de Leeuw, Charles Ferro, Jean-Michel Halimi, Gunnar Heine, Michel Jadoul, Faical Jarraya, Mehmet Kanbay, Francesca Mallamaci, Patrick B Mark, Alberto Ortiz, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pontremoli, Patrick Rossignol, Luis Ruilope, Patricia Van der Niepen, Raymond Vanholder, Marianne C Verharr, Andrzej Wiecek, Gregoire Wuerzner, Gérard M London, Carmine Zoccali
In patients with end-stage renal disease treated with hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, hypertension is very common and often poorly controlled. Blood pressure (BP) recordings obtained before or after hemodialysis display a J-shaped or U-shaped association with cardiovascular events and survival, but this most likely reflects the low accuracy of these measurements and the peculiar hemodynamic setting related with dialysis treatment. Elevated BP by home or ambulatory BP monitoring is clearly associated with shorter survival...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157742/stroke-epidemiology-and-risk-factor-management
#10
Amy Guzik, Cheryl Bushnell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Death from stroke has decreased over the past decade, with stroke now the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. In addition, the incidence of new and recurrent stroke is declining, likely because of the increased use of specific prevention medications, such as statins and antihypertensives. Despite these positive trends in incidence and mortality, many strokes remain preventable. The major modifiable risk factors are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco smoking, and hyperlipidemia, as well as lifestyle factors, such as obesity, poor diet/nutrition, and physical inactivity...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153215/the-interrelationship-between-sleep-and-depression-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-mind-body-spirit-intervention
#11
Xiao Wen Ji, Celia H Y Chan, Bobo H P Lau, Jessie S M Chan, Cecilia L W Chan, Ka-Fai Chung
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that aims to understand the mediating effects embedded in a mind-body-spirit intervention for sleep and mood disturbances. METHODS: 126 adults with mild to moderate depression and subjective sleep disturbance, defined as Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD) scores from 10 to 34 and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score > 5, participated in a waitlist-controlled RCT of an integrative mind-body-spirit intervention (I-BMS)...
January 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150503/yoga-program-for-high-grade-glioma-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-and-their-family-caregivers
#12
Kathrin Milbury, Smitha Mallaiah, Anita Mahajan, Terri Armstrong, Shioa-Pei Weathers, Kathryn E Moss, Nazli Goktepe, Amy Spelman, Lorenzo Cohen
BACKGROUND: Despite their high symptom burden and poor prognosis, evidence-based supportive care interventions for adults with high-grade glioma (HGG) and their caregivers are lacking. Thus, we aimed to establish feasibility of a patient-caregiver dyadic yoga program (DYP) for newly diagnosed HGG patients and their family caregivers targeting quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes. METHOD: In this single-arm pilot trial, dyads participated in a 12-session DYP program across the course of patients' radiotherapy...
January 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139160/the-relation-between-sleep-disruption-and-cataract-in-a-large-population-based-study
#13
Yanjun Chen, David M Nondahl, Carla R Schubert, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, Karen J Cruickshanks
PURPOSE: To investigate the relation between sleep disruption and nuclear cataract, as well as the impact of cataract removal on sleep, in two discrete population-based cohorts. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 5070 participants from three large longitudinal epidemiologic studies of age-related eye disease, hearing, olfaction, and cognition. Slit-lamp photos of the lens were obtained to grade nuclear cataract using a standardized protocol. The quality of sleep was assessed using a modified Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study questionnaire...
January 31, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129482/nocturia-increases-the-incidence-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-heijo-kyo-cohort
#14
Kenji Obayashi, Keigo Saeki, Hiromitsu Negoro, Norio Kurumatani
OBJECTIVES: Previous epidemiological studies have suggested a cross-sectional association between nocturia and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between nocturia and the incidence of depressive symptoms. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Of 1127 participants in the HEIJO-KYO population-based cohort, 866 elderly individuals (mean age, 71.5 years) without depressive symptoms at baseline were followed for a median period of 23 months...
January 27, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126098/losing-ground-losing-sleep-local-economic-conditions-economic-vulnerability-and-sleep
#15
Francisco Perales, Stefanie Plage
Medical research shows that healthy sleep has benefits for human wellbeing. We contribute to the emerging social-epidemiological literature on the social determinants of sleep by considering how living in an area with poor economic circumstances can result in sleep loss through financial worry, uncertainty and stress. We use multilevel regression models and nationally-representative data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey (n = 9181) and find that individuals who live in areas with high unemployment rates or experience individual-level economic vulnerability sleep less than comparable individuals in areas with low unemployment rates, or who do not experience financial hardships...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123654/the-relationship-between-epilepsy-sleep-disorders-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-children-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Felipe Kalil Neto, Renan Noschang, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between epilepsy, sleep disorders, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). BIBLIOGRAPHIC SEARCH: A literature search of the PubMed database was performed using the following key words: epilepsy, sleep, and ADHD. In total, 91 articles were located in PubMed, 34 were selected for abstract reading and twelve articles were reviewed, in which the main objectives were examine the relationship between epilepsy, sleep and ADHD from several perspectives, including epidemiology, effect of comorbidities on academic performance and the factors leading to diagnostic difficulties among these three disorders...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111420/a-follow-up-study-of-the-association-between-mobile-phone-use-and-symptoms-of-ill-health
#17
Yong Min Cho, Hee Jin Lim, Hoon Jang, Kyunghee Kim, Jae Wook Choi, Chol Shin, Seung Ku Lee, Jong Hwa Kwon, Nam Kim
Objectives: The duration and frequency of mobile phone calls, and their relationship with various health effects, have been investigated in our previous cross-sectional study. This two-year period follow-up study after aimed to assess the changes in these variables of same subjects. Methods: The study population comprised 532 non-patient adult subjects sampled from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. The subjects underwent a medical examination at a hospital in 2012/2013 and revisited the same hospital in 2014/2015 to have the same examination for the characteristics of mobile phone use performed...
December 29, 2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108192/epidemiology-and-pathophysiology-of-childhood-narcolepsy
#18
REVIEW
Thomas J Dye, Neepa Gurbani, Narong Simakajornboon
It is now recognized that there are two types of narcolepsy. Narcolepsy type I or Narcolepsy with cataplexy is caused by the loss of hypocretin or orexin neurons. Narcolepsy type II or narcolepsy without cataplexy has normal hypocretin and the etiology is unknown. Hypocretin is a neuropeptide produced by neurons in the lateral hypothalamus. Both genetic and environmental factors play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of narcolepsy. Most patients with narcolepsy type I and half of patients with narcolepsy type II carry HLA-DQB1*0602...
December 21, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107884/the-association-between-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-the-coexistence-of-depression-and-insomnia
#19
Seung Ku Lee, Dae Wui Yoon, Sunghee Lee, Jinkwan Kim, Kyung-Mee Choi, Chol Shin
OBJECTIVE: The individual occurrence of depression or insomnia is a risk factor for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but few researchers have evaluated the association between comorbid depression and insomnia and IBS. The aim of the present study is to explore the relationship between IBS and the coexistence of depression and insomnia in a Korean population-based cohort study. METHODS: A total of 3429 individuals who were enrolled in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study were analysed...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#20
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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