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Sleep epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808861/epidemiology-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-heart-failure-what-drives-what
#1
REVIEW
Sushma M Dharia, Lee K Brown
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The bidirectional relationships that have been demonstrated between heart failure (HF) and central sleep apnea (CSA) demand further exploration with respect to the implications that each condition has for the other. This review discusses the body of literature that has accumulated on these relationships and how CSA and its potential treatment may affect outcomes in patients with CSA. RECENT FINDINGS: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can exacerbate hypertension, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and atherosclerosis, which are known predicates of HF...
August 14, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806609/sleep-disturbances-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-empirical-patterns-and-related-factors-from-an-epidemiological-survey
#2
Wulf Rössler, Vladeta AjdacicGross, Nick Glozier, Stephanie Rodgers, Helene Haker, Mario Müller
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that sleep disorders are highly associated with other mental health problems. However, sleep problems even below the diagnostic threshold of sleep disorders are very common in the general population, which highly affects wellbeing and functioning. In order to broaden the focus beyond those severe cases we explored empirical patterns across the whole spectrum of sleep problems as well as associated clinical and other factors. METHOD: A representative community sample of N=1274 residents from the canton of Zurich was interviewed for sleep problems and diagnostic criteria for mental disorders as well as was given a number of mental health-related psychometrical checklists...
July 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801431/socioeconomic-and-geographical-variation-in-general-practitioner-consultations-for-allergic-rhinitis-in-england-2003-2014-an-observational-study
#3
Daniel Todkill, Paul Loveridge, Alex James Elliot, Roger Morbey, Simon de Lusignan, Obaghe Edeghere, Gillian Smith
OBJECTIVE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem, potentially impacting individuals' sleep, work and social life. We aimed to use a surveillance network of general practitioners (GPs) to describe the epidemiology of AR consultations in England. SETTING: A large GP surveillance network covering approximately 53% of the English population. METHODS: GP consultations for AR across England between 30 December 2002 and 31 December 2014 were analysed...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783741/a-possible-association-between-dysphonia-and-sleep-duration-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-from-2010-to-2012
#4
Jung-Hae Cho, Christian Guilminault, Young-Hoon Joo, Sang-Kyun Jin, Kyung-Do Han, Chan-Soon Park
BACKGROUND: Sleep is important in terms of good general health and appropriate sleep duration has been linked to quality-of-life. Dysphonia may impair communication and social relationships, and is thus also closely related to quality-of-life. No large-scale, cross-sectional epidemiological study of a sample representative of the population of an entire country has yet assessed the possible existence of a relationship between sleep duration and dysphonia. METHODS: We investigated a possible association between subjective voice problems and self-reported sleep duration in South Korean subjects using 2010-2012 data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781755/what-do-hypnotics-cost-hospitals-and-healthcare
#5
Daniel F Kripke
Hypnotics (sleeping pills) are prescribed widely, but the economic costs of the harm they have caused have been largely unrecognized. Randomized clinical trials have proven that hypnotics increase the incidence of infections. Likewise, hypnotics increase the incidence of major depression and cause emergency admissions for overdoses and deaths.  Epidemiologically, hypnotic use is associated with cancer, falls, automobile accidents, and markedly increased overall mortality.  This article considers the costs to hospitals and healthcare payers of hypnotic-induced infections and other severe consequences of hypnotic use...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777674/dsm-5-tobacco-use-disorder-and-sleep-disturbance-findings-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii-nesarc-iii
#6
Amie C Hayley, Con Stough, Luke A Downey
INTRODUCTION: The DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder diagnosis incorporates tobacco misuse, addictive behaviors and withdrawal symptomology. Tobacco use is bidirectionally associated with sleep pathology; however, no epidemiological studies have yet evaluated the associations between DSM-5 Tobacco use disorder and self-reported sleep disturbance. The current study aimed to evaluate health, medical and sleep-related factors among individuals within this diagnostic stratum. METHOD: A total of N = 36,177 adults who participated in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III) were included for analyses...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777362/-the-role-of-subjective-methods-for-the-evaluation-of-sleep-quality
#7
A Yu Gortseva, L S Korostovtseva, M V Bochkarev, Yu V Sviryaev, A O Konradi
AIM: To assess the accuracy of questions evaluating the quality and duration of sleep. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Target population included residents of St. Petersburg, who participated in the epidemiological study ESSE-RF. Out of 1417 participants, 136 individuals agreed to undergo additional sleep evaluation, and 49 subjects underwent polysomnography study for objective sleep evaluation. All participants were interviewed for subjective sleep assessment (standard questionnaires and Pittsburgh sleep quality index questionnaire)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777173/restless-legs-syndrome-and-sleep-related-movement-disorders
#8
Lynn Marie Trotti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an update on six sleep-related movement disorders: restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movement disorder, sleep-related leg cramps, bruxism, rhythmic movement disorder, and propriospinal myoclonus, with an emphasis on RLS. RECENT FINDINGS: RLS is a common sensorimotor disorder that impairs quality of life. RLS is frequently comorbid to neurologic, psychiatric, vascular, and inflammatory diseases. Accumulating evidence implicates the pathophysiology of RLS as a state of dopamine dysfunction and iron deficiency that occurs on a background of genetic susceptibility conferred by 6 gene polymorphisms...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777172/narcolepsy-and-other-central-hypersomnias
#9
Yves Dauvilliers, Lucie Barateau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article focuses on the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and management of narcolepsy type 1 and narcolepsy type 2, idiopathic hypersomnia, Kleine-Levin syndrome, and other central disorders of hypersomnolence, as defined in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition (ICSD-3). RECENT FINDINGS: In ICSD-3, the names of some central disorders of hypersomnolence have been changed: narcolepsy with cataplexy and narcolepsy without cataplexy have been renamed narcolepsy type 1 and narcolepsy type 2, respectively...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765709/prevalence-symptomatic-features-and-factors-associated-with-sleep-disturbance-insomnia-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Hajime Narisawa, Yoko Komada, Takashi Miwa, Junpei Shikuma, Mamoru Sakurai, Masato Odawara, Yuichi Inoue
PURPOSE: To clarify the prevalence and symptomatic characteristics of sleep disturbance/insomnia among type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) Japanese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of Japanese patients with the disorder was conducted. Participants consisted of 622 type-2 DM patients (mean 56.1±9.56 years) and 622 sex- and age-matched controls. Participants' scores in the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J), the Japanese version of the 12-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Medical Outcomes Study 8-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-8), and the glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of type-2 DM patients were analyzed...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760786/how-are-age-related-differences-in-sleep-quality-associated-with-health-outcomes-an-epidemiological-investigation-in-a-uk-cohort-of-2406-adults
#11
Andrew Gadie, Meredith Shafto, Yue Leng, Rogier A Kievit
OBJECTIVES: To examine age-related differences in self-reported sleep quality and their associations with health outcomes across four domains: physical health, cognitive health, mental health and neural health. SETTING: Cambridge Centre for Ageing and Neuroscience (Cam-CAN) is a cohort study in East Anglia/England, which collected self-reported health and lifestyle questions as well as a range of objective measures from healthy adults. PARTICIPANTS: 2406 healthy adults (age 18-98) answered questions about their sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)) and measures of physical, cognitive, mental and neural health...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760247/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-hypogonadism-impact-of-symptoms-questionnaire-short-form-his-q-sf
#12
Heather L Gelhorn, Laurie J Roberts, Nikhil Khandelwal, Dennis A Revicki, Leonard R DeRogatis, Adrian Dobs, Zsolt Hepp, Michael G Miller
BACKGROUND: The Hypogonadism Impact of Symptoms Questionnaire Short Form (HIS-Q-SF) is a patient-reported outcome measurement designed to evaluate the symptoms of hypogonadism. The HIS-Q-SF is an abbreviated version including17 items from the original 28-item HIS-Q. AIM: To conduct item analyses and reduction, evaluate the psychometric properties of the HIS-Q-SF, and provide guidance on score interpretation. METHODS: A 12-week observational longitudinal study of hypogonadal men was conducted as part of the original HIS-Q psychometric evaluation...
August 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753086/gender-and-age-differences-in-sleep-problems-in-children-person-oriented-approach-with-multi-group-analysis
#13
Yi-Lung Chen, Wan-Ling Tseng, Li-Kuang Yang, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify subtypes of sleep problems in children and to examine whether these patterns differed between gender and age groups. PARTICIPANTS: There were 3052 children (951 elementary school boys, 943 elementary school girls, 603 junior high school boys, and 555 junior high school girls) aged 7-16 years from two school-based epidemiological samples. METHODS: Sleep problems were measured by the Sleep Habit Questionnaire based on parent reports...
July 28, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752004/survey-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-among-italian-anaesthetists
#14
Ruggero Massimo Corso, Massimiliano Sorbello, Matteo Buccioli, Elisa Carretta, Oriana Nanni, Emanuele Piraccini, Guido Merli, Flavia Petrini, Arturo Guarino, Giulio Frova
OBJECTIVE: As the care of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) patients remains heterogeneous, we hypothesized that it may reflect insufficient OSA knowledge/awareness among clinicians. METHODS: OSA Knowledge/Attitude Questionnaire (OSAKA) was translated into Italian and distributed to anaesthetists attending SIAARTI National Congress and Airways courses and Hands-on Workshops from October 2012 to June 2013. RESULTS: In total, 370 anaesthetists returned the questionnaires (response rate, 62%); the median (interquartile range [IQR]) knowledge score was 12 (10-14), and the range was 1-17 with no difference by gender, age, professional title or years of practice...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749243/epidemiology-and-trend-of-pediatric-adenoidectomy-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan-from-1997-to-2012
#15
Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Wei-Hsiu Chang, Kun-Tai Kang
OBJECTIVES: To assess population-level data for pediatric adenoidectomy. METHODS: Using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the 1997-2012 period, all inpatients <18 years who received adenoidectomies were identified by codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision. RESULTS: A total of 20,599 children underwent adenoidectomy (mean age, 7.4 years; 67% boys). The overall incidence rate was 24...
July 27, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749185/internalised-hiv-stigma-loneliness-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-in-people-living-with-hiv
#16
Erin M Fekete, Stacey L Williams, Matthew D Skinta
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) commonly report sleep disturbances which are associated with long-term health consequences, including disease progression. PLWH also experience internalised stigma as a result of their HIV status, which can be associated with increased loneliness and depression. Little attention focuses on the impact of these factors on sleep. Therefore, we examined whether internalised HIV-stigma was indirectly related to poorer sleep quality through higher levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms...
July 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744938/integrative-body-mind-spirit-intervention-for-concurrent-sleep-and-mood-disturbances-sleep-specific-daytime-functioning-mediates-sleep-and-mood-improvements
#17
Xiao-Wen Ji, Siu-Man Ng, Cecilia L W Chan, Jessie S M Chan, Celia H Y Chan, Ka-Fai Chung
Sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms are associated closely with daytime dysfunctions, yet few studies have investigated their temporal relationship in a randomized controlled trial. We investigated the inter-relationships among sleep, depressive symptoms and daytime functioning following an integrative body-mind-spirit (I-BMS) intervention. One hundred and eighty-five participants (mean age 55.28 years, 75.1% female) with co-existing sleep and depressive symptoms were randomized to I-BMS or waiting-list...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743355/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-sleep-quality
#18
Ana Claudia Janiszewski Goes, Larissa Aparecida Busatto Reis, Marilia Barreto G Silva, Barbara Stadler Kahlow, Thelma L Skare
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and contribute to loss of life quality. OBJECTIVE: To study associations of sleep quality with pain, depression and disease activity in RA. METHODS: This is a transversal observational study of 112 RA patients submitted to measurement of DAS-28, Epworth scale for daily sleepiness, index of sleep quality by Pittsburg index, risk of sleep apnea by the Berlin questionnaire and degree of depression by the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale) questionnaire...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743256/a-comparison-of-multiple-imputation-methods-for-handling-missing-values-in-longitudinal-data-in-the-presence-of-a-time-varying-covariate-with-a-non-linear-association-with-time-a-simulation-study
#19
Anurika Priyanjali De Silva, Margarita Moreno-Betancur, Alysha Madhu De Livera, Katherine Jane Lee, Julie Anne Simpson
BACKGROUND: Missing data is a common problem in epidemiological studies, and is particularly prominent in longitudinal data, which involve multiple waves of data collection. Traditional multiple imputation (MI) methods (fully conditional specification (FCS) and multivariate normal imputation (MVNI)) treat repeated measurements of the same time-dependent variable as just another 'distinct' variable for imputation and therefore do not make the most of the longitudinal structure of the data...
July 25, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738480/-epidemiological-study-of-sleep-disorder-in-the-elderly
#20
Y Tian, L M Li
As a common health problem in modern society, sleep disorder have a high incidence in the elderly population, which seriously affect the quality of life and physical and mental health of the elderly, and can even aggravate to cause diseases. This review summarizes main research findings in the field of sleep disorder during the past 20 years, describes the sleeping characteristics of elderly, the epidemiological distribution of sleep disorder and possible influencing factors, and finally suggests appropriate measures for the prevention of sleep disorder...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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