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Ovarian cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541632/ovarian-needle-aspiration-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-ovarian-masses
#1
Kimberly Nagamine, Jordan Kondo, Ricky Kaneshiro, Pamela Tauchi-Nishi, Keith Terada
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian needle aspiration and biopsy (ONAB) may be employed for pretreatment diagnosis of ovarian malignancies or intraoperatively to facilitate removal of ovarian masses. However, there is reluctance to utilize this procedure due to potential cyst rupture or seeding of malignant cells. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of ONAB over a 13-year period at our institution. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, all ONAB specimens were identified from the Queen's Medical Center Pathology Department database...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540977/oral-contraceptive-pill-progestogen-or-oestrogen-pretreatment-for-ovarian-stimulation-protocols-for-women-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-techniques
#2
REVIEW
Cindy Farquhar, Luk Rombauts, Jan Am Kremer, Anne Lethaby, Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke
BACKGROUND: Among subfertile women undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART), hormone pills given before ovarian stimulation may improve outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pretreatment with the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) or with a progestogen or oestrogen alone in ovarian stimulation protocols affects outcomes in subfertile couples undergoing ART. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases from inception to January 2017: Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group Specialised Register, The Cochrane Central Register Studies Online, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and PsycINFO...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540192/bilateral-ovarian-torsion-during-follow-up-for-antenatally-detected-ovarian-cysts
#3
Bozidar Zupancic, Marko Baskovic, Ljudevit Sovic, Dubravko Habek
Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency demanding timely diagnosis and treatment to prevent loss of the ovaries which if happens may result in functional and emotional consequences. Simple (less than 5cm in size) ovarian cysts require follow-up for potential self-resolution. We describe a case of antenatally detected bilateral ovarian cysts that developed bilateral ovarian torsions on follow-up, postnatally.
May 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537181/pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Priscilla Cunningham
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an incurable disorder that is associated with ovarian dysfunction. It affects millions of women in the UK. The signs and symptoms of PCOS include ovarian cysts, acne and excess hair growth (hirsutism), and can have a negative effect on the self-esteem of women with the condition. PCOS is also a potential cause of reduced fertility. This article uses a case study approach to discuss the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and diagnosis of PCOS, as well as complications, treatment and psychosocial implications of the condition...
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534015/oncologic-and-obstetric-outcomes-of-conservative-surgery-for-borderline-ovarian-tumors-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#5
Se Yun Lee, Min Chul Choi, Bo Ram Kwon, Sang Geun Jung, Hyun Park, Won Duk Joo, Chan Lee, Je Ho Lee, Joon Mo Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the oncologic and obstetric outcomes in reproductive-age females with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) treated with cyst enucleation (CE) or unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (USO). METHODS: The medical records of patients with BOTs treated between 1998 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The recurrence rates in the USO and CE groups were compared, and the postoperative obstetric outcomes were assessed via telephone survey. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients with BOTs underwent USO, and 19 underwent CE...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530063/-rare-case-of-huge-omental-dermoid
#6
Ilan Atlas, Izhar Ben Shlomo, Yasmin Abbas
Ovarian dermoid cyst is a benign germ cell tumor usually occurring during fertile age. In contrast, giant omental dermoid is extremely rare and is thought to originate from ovarian torsion, detachment and omental implantation. We present a case of a 73 year old patient with 26 cm giant omental dermoid weighing more than 6 kg. During surgery, aspiration of the cystic part facilitated the delivery of the big mass through a relative small abdominal incision.
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507642/diagnostic-imaging-of-pregnant-women-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska, Anna Romaniuk-Doroszewska, Sylwia Szkudlińska-Pawlak, Agnieszka Duczkowska, Jarosław Mądzik, Martyna Szopa-Krupińska, Tomasz M Maciejewski
BACKGROUND: Presentation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in pregnant women in the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Institute of Mother and Child, Warsaw, Poland. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-three symptomatic pregnant women underwent MRI between 9 and 33 weeks of gestation (mean of 23 weeks). Moreover, we included 2 pregnant women who underwent fetal MRI and had incidental abnormalities. RESULTS: In 9 cases, we excluded the suspected brain abnormalities...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506797/-systematic-proposal-of-fertility-preservation-by-mature-oocyte-cryopreservation-for-recurrent-benign-ovarian-tumors
#8
Y Dadoun, H Azaïs, L Keller, E d'Orazio, P Collinet, C Decanter
OBJECTIVES: To investigate prospectively the pattern of the follicular growth and to characterize the COH outcome in terms of oocyte number and maturity in patients with voluminous recurrent benign ovarian tumors with a high surgical risk of significant reduction of the ovarian follicular content. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were: age between 18 and 36, presence of at least one benign ovarian tumor (≥ 5cm) with high risk of recurrence. The fertility preservation cycle was performed at least 3 months after the cyst surgery...
May 12, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503470/falsely-elevated-postvoid-residual-urine-volume-in-uterine-myoma
#9
Tae Hee Kim, Hyo Sang Kim, Jung Wook Park, Oh Kyung Lim, Ki Deok Park, Ju Kang Lee
Precise measurement of postvoid residual (PVR) urine volume is a key factor in assessing patients with voiding dysfunction, including those with lower urinary tract problems. The safe and noninvasive ultrasound bladder scan is the preferred mode to measure PVR volume. However, this procedure has a false-positive rate up to 9%, in the presence of ovarian cysts, renal cysts, ascites, or uterine myoma with cystic degeneration. Until now, cystic lesions are known to cause false positivity in ultrasound bladder scanner...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500832/combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency-in-a-girl-with-48-xxxx-and-rathke-s-cleft-cyst
#10
Surabhi Uppal, Youn Hee Jee, Marissa Lightbourne, Joan C Han, Constantine A Stratakis
BACKGROUND: Tetrasomy X is a rare chromosomal aneuploidy seen in girls, associated with facial dysmorphism, premature ovarian insufficiency and intellectual disability. A Rathke's cleft cyst (RCC) is a remnant of Rathke's pouch which may cause multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies by exerting pressure on the pituitary gland in the sella. METHODS/RESULTS: The patient was diagnosed with tetrasomy X by karyotyping during infancy. Brain MRI and multiple endocrine stimulation tests revealed RCC and combined pituitary hormone deficiency (growth hormone deficiency, secondary adrenal insufficiency and central hypothyroidism) likely due to RCC...
January 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486360/ovarian-mucinous-cystadenoma-after-ovarian-graft
#11
Carole Fajau-Prevot, Yann Tanguy Le Gac, Christine Chevreau, Clémentine Cohade, Nicolas Gatimel, Jean Parinaud, Roger Leandri
BACKGROUND: Freezing strips of ovarian cortex before chemotherapy followed by transplantation is an experimental method to preserve fertility for reproductive-aged women with cancer. We report a case of a cancer patient who developed a mucinous cystadenoma in a grafted piece of ovarian cortex. CASE: A 32-year-old woman with a Ewing sarcoma had ovarian cryopreservation using cortical strip freezing before receiving chemotherapy. Five years later she had no ovarian function, and the strips were thawed and grafted back onto the ovary...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486247/inappropriate-oophorectomy-at-time-of-benign-premenopausal-hysterectomy
#12
Amandeep S Mahal, Kim F Rhoads, Christopher S Elliott, Eric R Sokol
OBJECTIVE: We assessed rates of oophorectomy during benign hysterectomy around the release of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 2008 practice bulletin on prophylactic oophorectomy, and evaluated predictors of inappropriate premenopausal oophorectomy. METHODS: A cross-sectional administrative database analysis was performed utilizing the California Office of Statewide Health Planning Development Patient Discharge Database for years 2005 to 2011...
May 8, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480536/spectrums-and-outcomes-of-adnexal-torsion-at-different-ages
#13
Jie-Ling Feng, Ting Lei, Hong-Ning Xie, Li-Juan Li, Liu Du
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of ultrasound in the preoperative diagnosis of adnexal torsion and describe its histological spectrum and outcomes at different ages. METHODS: This study comprised a retrospective investigation of a data set that included 195 female patients with clinically suspected adnexal torsion between January 2010 and July 2015. Each patient received a detailed pelvic ultrasound examination by an experienced ultrasound examiner, and a definitive diagnosis was achieved via surgery...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474256/pediatric-imaging-in-dicer1-syndrome
#14
Marta Tijerin Bueno, Claudia Martínez-Ríos, Alejandro De la Puente Gregorio, Rayan A Ahyad, Anita Villani, Harriet Druker, Kalene van Engelen, Bailey Gallinger, Laura Aronoff, Ronald Grant, David Malkin, Mary-Louise C Greer
BACKGROUND: DICER1 syndrome, arising from a mutation in the DICER1 gene mapped to chromosome 14q32, is associated with an increased risk of a range of benign and malignant neoplasms. OBJECTIVE: To determine the spectrum of abnormalities and imaging characteristics in patients with DICER1 syndrome at a tertiary pediatric hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis evaluated imaging in patients ≤18 years with DICER1 germline variants between January 2004 and July 2016...
May 4, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470574/tff3-expression-as-stratification-marker-in-borderline-epithelial-tumors-of-the-ovary
#15
Ahmed El-Balat, Iryna Schmeil, Thomas Karn, Sven Becker, Nicole Sänger, Uwe Holtrich, Ruza Arsenic
Borderline tumors (BOT) of the ovary account for 10% to 20% of ovarian neoplasms. Like ovarian cancer, BOT encompass several different histological subtypes (serous, mucinous, endometrioid, clear cell, transitional cell and mixed) with serous (SBOT) and mucinous (MBOT) the most common. Current hypotheses suggest low-grade serous carcinoma may develop in a stepwise fashion from SBOT whereas the majority of high grade serous carcinomas develop rapidly presumably from inclusion cysts or ovarian surface epithelium...
May 3, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470024/ovarian-endometrioma-superinfected-with-salmonella-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Max W Adelman, Jacob H Johnson, Elizabeth L Hohmann, Rajesh T Gandhi
We present the case of a 28-year-old woman with Salmonella serovar Schwarzengrund gastroenteritis acquired during foreign travel. Her case was complicated by superinfection of a pre-existing ovarian endometrioma with a quinolone-resistant organism; the resultant ovarian abscess ultimately required surgical removal for resolution. We review the key features of this case and the previous literature on Salmonella ovarian abscess. This report highlights (1) the potential for metastatic spread of Salmonella to the ovary in women with pre-existing cysts or endometriomas and (2) the increasing worldwide burden of quinolone-resistant Salmonella...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465851/borderline-clear-cell-adenofibroma-of-the-ovary
#17
Pilaiwan Kleebkaow, Apiwat Aue-Aungkul, Amornrat Temtanakitpaisan, Chumnan Kietpeerakool
Borderline clear cell tumors are extremely rare, and few cases have been reported in the literature. Herein, we present a case of borderline clear cell adenofibroma of the ovary in a 58-year-old woman who presented with a pelvic mass and constipation. Physical examination revealed a 10 cm solid midline pelvic mass. Computed tomography showed an 8 cm heterogeneous enhancing mass attached to the left posterolateral wall of the uterus. The patient's serum CA 125 levels were slightly elevated (80.9 U/ml)...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450253/laparoscopic-management-of-auto-amputated-ovary-in-newborns-a-report-of-two-cases
#18
H N Ladenhauf, M G Brandtner, M A Ardelean, C Schimke, R P Metzger
Intrauterine auto-amputation of the ovary is an extremely rare diagnosis in the pediatric population. Current literature is limited to contradictory recommendations, while a standard management protocol for auto-amputated adnexa secondary to intrauterine ovarian torsion is yet to be established. We report two cases of auto-amputation of the ovary, leading to a free-floating intra-abdominal cyst in the newborn. Laparoscopic management was successful in both cases.
April 24, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450115/iron-regulatory-protein-2-in-ovarian-endometrial-cysts
#19
Motoki Takenaka, Noriko Suzuki, Minako Mori, Tasuku Hirayama, Hideko Nagasawa, Ken-Ichiro Morishige
Ovarian endometrial cysts cause some kinds of ovarian cancer, and iron is considered as one factor of carcinogenesis. In contrast, hypoxia is associated with progression, angiogenesis, metastasis, and resistance to therapy in cancer. We investigated hypoxia-induced perturbation of iron homeostasis in terms of labile iron, iron deposition, and iron regulatory protein (IRP) in ovarian endometrial cysts. Iron deposition, expression of IRPs, and a protein marker of hypoxia in human ovarian endometrial cysts were analyzed histologically...
June 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432106/prohibitin-induced-obesity-leads-to-anovulation-and-polycystic-ovary-in-mice
#20
Sudharsana Rao Ande, Khanh Hoa Nguyen, Yang Xin Zi Xu, Suresh Mishra
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder and the most common cause of female infertility. However, the etiology of the disease and the mechanisms by which this disorder progress remain unclear. Here we report that a transgenic obese mouse (Mito-Ob) developed by overexpressing prohibitin in adipocytes develops polycystic ovaries. Initially, the female Mito-Ob mice were equally fertile to their wild-type littermates. Mito-Ob mice begin to gain weight after puberty, become significantly obese between 3-6 months of age, and roughly 25% of them become infertile by 9 months of age...
April 21, 2017: Biology Open
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