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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933656/change-in-trabecular-bone-score-tbs-with-antiresorptive-therapy-does-not-predict-fracture-in-women-the-manitoba-bmd-cohort
#1
William D Leslie, Sumit R Majumdar, Uzanne N Morin, Didier Hans, Lisa M Lix
Bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS), along with additional clinical risk factors, can be used to identify individuals at high fracture risk. Whether change in TBS in untreated or treated women independently affects fracture risk is unclear. Using the Manitoba (Canada) DXA Registry containing all BMD results for the population we identified 9044 women age >40 years with two consecutive DXA scans and who were not receiving osteoporosis treatment at baseline (baseline mean age 62 ± 10 years)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933495/photocatalysis-of-s-metolachlor-in-aqueous-suspension-of-magnetic-cerium-doped-mtio2-core-shell-under-simulated-solar-light
#2
J Mermana, P Sutthivaiyakit, C Blaise, F Gagné, S Charnsethikul, P Kidkhunthod, S Sutthivaiyakit
Magnetic cerium-doped mesoporous titanium dioxide was synthesized by combining sol-gel method and calcination using tetrabutanate and ammonium cerium nitrate as precursors and Pluronic P123 as a template coating on iron oxide covered with carbon in ethanol. The magnetic Ce-doped catalyst showed only anatase structure with a slight increase in lattice parameters compared to the undoped catalyst. The Ce LIII-edge X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) spectra showed Ce(3+), and the cerium substitution doping into titanium dioxide was proposed...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933427/minimal-impact-of-response-shift-for-sf-12-mental-and-physical-health-status-in-homeless-and-vulnerably-housed-individuals-an-item-level-multi-group-analysis
#3
Anne M Gadermann, Richard Sawatzky, Anita Palepu, Anita M Hubley, Bruno D Zumbo, Tim Aubry, Susan Farrell, Stephen W Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether homeless or vulnerably housed individuals experienced response shift over a 12-month time period in their self-reported physical and mental health status. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Health and Housing in Transition study, a longitudinal multi-site cohort study in Canada (N = 1190 at baseline). Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis (MG-CFA) and methods for response shift detection at the item level, based on the approach by Oort, were used to test for reconceptualization, reprioritization, and recalibration response shift on the SF-12 in four groups of individuals who were homeless (n = 170), housed (n = 437), or who reported a change in their housing status [from homeless to housed (n = 285) or housed to homeless (n = 73)] over a 12-month time period...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933409/imaging-trends-in-suspected-appendicitis-a-canadian-perspective
#4
Victoria F Tan, Michael N Patlas, Douglas S Katz
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to assess trends in the imaging of suspected appendicitis in adult patients in emergency departments of academic centers in Canada. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 17 academic centers in Canada to be completed by a radiologist who works in emergency radiology. The questionnaires were sent and collected over a period of 4 months from October 2015 to February 2016. RESULTS: Sixteen centers (94%) responded to the questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933167/arctic-grayling-thymallus-arcticus-in-saltwater-a-response-to-blair-et-al-2016
#5
Kurt C Heim, Matthew S Whitman, Lawrence L Moulton
Although not well known, Arctic grayling can move through saline waters and are captured regularly in nearshore coastal waters in Arctic Canada and Alaska with salinities up to 18 ppt. We highlight the implications this has for Blair et al. (2016), a paper recently published in Conservation Physiology.
2016: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932927/the-avian-collection-of-the-zoological-museum-of-the-university-of-athens-zmua
#6
Gabriella Papastefanou, Anastasios Legakis, Igor Shogolev
BACKGROUND: The Zoological Museum of the University of Athens (ZMUA) was established in 1858. It is the oldest natural history museum of Greece. The museum began its operation with the acquisition of a core collection and has been expanding ever since. One of the most substantial parts of the museum's collection consists of the avian exhibits, originating from around the world. NEW INFORMATION: Today, the avian collection consists of 2,948 specimens, preserved mostly through taxidermy, along with a significant number of eggs...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931937/influence-of-capillary-barrier-effect-on-biogas-distribution-at-the-base-of-passive-methane-oxidation-biosystems-parametric-study
#7
Bahar Ahoughalandari, Alexandre R Cabral
The efficiency of methane oxidation in passive methane oxidation biosystems (PMOBs) is influenced by, among other things, the intensity and distribution of the CH4 loading at the base of the methane oxidation layer (MOL). Both the intensity and distribution are affected by the capillary barrier that results from the superposition of the two materials constituting the PMOB, namely the MOL and the gas distribution layer (GDL). The effect of capillary barriers on the unsaturated flow of water has been well documented in the literature...
December 5, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931859/contemporary-trends-in-the-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-canada-a%C3%A2-prospective-observational-study
#8
Liam R Brunham, Lubomira Cermakova, Terry Lee, Ida Priecelova, Karine Alloul, Marilyn de Chantal, Gordon A Francis, Jiri Frohlich
BACKGROUND: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) is one of the most common genetic diseases in the world and an important cause of premature cardiovascular (CV) disease. The purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical features, current treatment patterns, and CV outcomes of patients with HeFH in British Columbia, Canada. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal observational study of patients with HeFH attending a specialized lipid clinic. We collected data on lipid levels, medication use, and CV events at baseline and last follow-up...
September 3, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931270/a-powerful-protector-of-the-japanese-people-the-history-of-the-japanese-hospital-in-steveston-british-columbia-canada-18961942
#9
Helen Vandenberg
From 1896 to 1942, a Japanese hospital operated in the village of Steveston, British Columbia, Canada. For the first 4 years, Japanese Methodist missionaries utilized a small mission building as a makeshift hospital, until a larger institution was constructed by the local Japanese Fishermen's Association in 1900. The hospital operated until the Japanese internment, after the attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II. This study offers important commentary about the relationships between health, hospitals, and race in British Columbia during a period of increased immigration and economic upheaval...
January 2017: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930921/nursing-students-attitudes-toward-persons-who-are-aged-an-integrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Susan Hovey, Mary J Dyck, Cynthia Reese, MyoungJin Kim
OBJECTIVES: To analyze empirical studies from the United States and Canada to gain an understanding on how nursing education affects nursing students' attitudes toward persons who are aged. DESIGN: An integrative literature review was completed using Garrard's (2011) Matrix Method. DATA SOURCES: Articles were identified through the electronic database search engines of CINAHL, Pub Med, and Academic Search Complete. Only peer reviewed research articles from 2009 to 2015 were reviewed...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930919/-not-there-yet-examining-community-support-from-the-perspective-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-partners-in-care
#11
R V Herron, M W Rosenberg
People with dementia can live meaningful and engaged lives with the appropriate social and physical supports in place. There has been relatively little research, however, on the experiences and desires of people with dementia themselves as they negotiate informal and formal support in rural and small town settings. In this article, we draw on semi-structured interviews with 46 community-dwelling people with dementia and 43 partners in care in rural Ontario, Canada to examine how people with dementia relate to and within their communities as well as their perceptions of community support services...
December 1, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930562/finding-resiliency-in-the-face-of-financial-barriers-development-of-a-conceptual-framework-for-people-with-cardiovascular-related-chronic-disease
#12
David J T Campbell, Braden J Manns, Pamela Leblanc, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Claudia Sanmartin, Kathryn King-Shier
Patients with chronic diseases often face financial barriers to optimize their health. These financial barriers may be related to direct healthcare costs such as medications or self-monitoring supplies, or indirect costs such as transportation to medical appointments. No known framework exists to understand how financial barriers impact patients' lives or their health outcomes.We undertook a grounded theory study to develop such a framework. We used semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of participants with cardiovascular-related chronic disease (hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, or stroke) from Alberta, Canada...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928888/self-care-tools-to-treat-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-age-related-eye-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Hortence Kamga, Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Maida Sewitch, Tamara Sussman, Erin Strumpf, Sébastien Olivier, Walter Wittich, Solmaz Moghadaszadeh, Ellen E Freeman
BACKGROUND: Depression is very common in people with age-related eye disease. Our goal was to determine if self-care tools plus limited telephone support could reduce depressive symptoms in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or diabetic retinopathy (DR). DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital in Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty participants were recruited METHODS: To be eligible, participants must have had either late stage AMD or DR, at least mild depressive symptoms, and visual acuity better than 20/200...
December 7, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928778/previously-unreported-biallelic-mutation-in-dnajc19-are-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-basal-ganglia-lesions-additional-features-of-dilated-cardiomyopathy-and-ataxia-dcma-syndrome
#14
Sema Kalkan Ucar, Johannes A Mayr, René G Feichtinger, Ebru Canda, Mahmut Çoker, Saskia B Wortmann
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), non-progressive cerebellar ataxia (A), testicular dysgenesis, growth failure, and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria are the hallmarks of DNAJC19 defect (or DCMA syndrome) due to biallelic mutations in DNAJC19. To date DCMA syndrome has been reported in 19 patients from Canada and in two Finnish siblings. The underlying pathomechanism is unknown; however, DNAJC19 is presumed to be involved in mitochondrial membrane related processes (e.g., protein import and cardiolipin remodeling)...
December 8, 2016: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928386/current-perspectives-of-bioptic-driving-in-low-vision
#15
REVIEW
Robert Chun, Maria Cucuras, Walter M Jay
In this review, the authors discuss the current perspectives of spectacle-mounted telescopes (bioptics) used for driving among patients with vision impairments. The history, design, driving laws surrounding bioptic use, and developing programs in The Netherlands and Canada are discussed. Patients who have certain visual requirements and stable disease status may be eligible candidates to consider using a bioptic aid for driving. Given the high prevalence of depression among visually impaired patients, low vision specialists can work with neuro-ophthalmologists to maximise the independence and visual function of patients who have permanent vision impairments but capable of maintaining driving privileges...
April 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928127/regional-variation-in-the-use-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-japan
#16
Takahiro Inoue, Hiroyo Kuwabara, Kiyohide Fushimi
BACKGROUND: Regional variations in health-care delivery, processes and spending have been reported across the world. Differences in revascularization procedures have been observed in the USA and Canada, but little is known about regional variation in revascularization procedures in Japan.Methods and Results:Diagnostic procedure combination summary tables for 2013 issued by the Japanese government were used. The rates of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) per 100,000 population aged ≥40 years in each prefecture were summarized by angina and myocardial infarction (MI)...
December 7, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927661/differences-among-primary-care-patients-with-different-mechanical-patterns-of-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-investigation
#17
Lauren S Della Mora, Anthony V Perruccio, Elizabeth M Badley, Y Raja Rampersaud
OBJECTIVES: To characterise and compare a persistent low back pain (LBP) population based on 4 clinical pain patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of patient-reported data. SETTING: Patients from 220 primary care practitioners in 3 cities in Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1020 individuals seeking LBP care. INCLUSION CRITERIA: LBP symptoms lasting 1½-12 months, or unmanageable recurrent symptoms; ages 18+years...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927637/options-for-basing-dietary-reference-intakes-dris-on-chronic-disease-endpoints-report-from-a-joint-us-canadian-sponsored-working-group
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Yetley, Amanda J MacFarlane, Linda S Greene-Finestone, Cutberto Garza, Jamy D Ard, Stephanie A Atkinson, Dennis M Bier, Alicia L Carriquiry, William R Harlan, Dale Hattis, Janet C King, Daniel Krewski, Deborah L O'Connor, Ross L Prentice, Joseph V Rodricks, George A Wells
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are used in Canada and the United States in planning and assessing diets of apparently healthy individuals and population groups. The approaches used to establish DRIs on the basis of classical nutrient deficiencies and/or toxicities have worked well. However, it has proved to be more challenging to base DRI values on chronic disease endpoints; deviations from the traditional framework were often required, and in some cases, DRI values were not established for intakes that affected chronic disease outcomes despite evidence that supported a relation...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926691/on-treatment-blood-pressures-of-older-hypertensive-patients-in-canada-implications-for-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial
#19
Jiri George Fodor, Penelope Baker, Li Chen, Frans H H Leenen
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic target level for the blood pressure (BP) on antihypertensive drug treatment in older hypertensive patients is still extensively debated. We assessed the achieved BP levels in older treated hypertensive patients in a representative sample of the population. DESIGN: During the 2006 Ontario Survey on the Prevalence and Control of Hypertension, BP (using the SPRINT protocol) and treatment data were collected in 2551 respondents from a random and representative sample of the adult (20-79 years) population...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926640/preeclampsia-and-long-term-risk-of-maternal-retinal-disorders
#20
Nathalie Auger, William D Fraser, Gilles Paradis, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Ada Hsieh, Marc-André Rhéaume
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether preeclampsia is associated with risk of maternal retinal disease in the decades after pregnancy. METHODS: We carried out a longitudinal cohort study of 1,108,541 women who delivered neonates in any hospital in Quebec, Canada, between 1989 and 2013. We tracked women for later hospitalizations until March 31, 2014. Preeclampsia was measured at delivery categorized by severity (mild or severe) and onset (before or at 34 weeks or more of gestation)...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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