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Karey Shuhendler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Nurse
Katherine L Bonter, Carmela De Luca, Christi J Guerrini
In 2016, the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) announced the settlement of its patent lawsuit against US-based Transgenomic, Inc. At issue in the case was CHEO's ability to test for gene mutations associated with long QT syndrome (LQTS) that are described in Transgenomic's patents. CHEO challenged the patents as invalid, and Transgenomic ultimately agreed to license them on a royalty-free basis to CHEO and other healthcare institutions for LQTS testing and research. While widely celebrated in the media, the ethical rhetoric surrounding the settlement has at times obscured the practical and legal context in which it was made and will operate...
December 13, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Laura Eggertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Canadian Nurse
Nasrin Saleh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Nurse
Peggy White, Lynn Nagle, Kathryn Hannah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Nurse
Sasha Mallya, Alexandra J Fiocco
BACKGROUND: With a rise in the aging population and a consequential rise in persons diagnosed with dementia comes an increase in the number of informal caregivers who are caring for a loved one. The objective of the proposed study was to assess the neurocognitive and psychological effects of caring for a person with dementia or a related neurodegenerative disease in a sample of Canadian informal caregivers. METHODS: Fifty-seven informal caregivers of a person with dementia or a related neurodegenerative disease (mean age = 66...
December 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
Mashal K Haque, Jill A Jacobson, Christopher R Bowie, Kevin G Munhall
AIM: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) share several risk factors with psychotic disorders and confer greater risk of developing a psychotic disorder. Thus, individuals with PLEs not only comprise a valuable population in which to study the aetiology and premorbid changes associated with psychosis, but also represent a high-risk population that could benefit from clinical monitoring or early intervention efforts. METHOD: We examined the score distribution and factor structure of the current 15-item Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences-Positive Scale (CAPE-P15) in a Canadian sample...
December 13, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Jason Thistlethwaite, Daniel Henstra, Craig Brown, Daniel Scott
Canada is a country in the midst of a flood management policy transition that is shifting part of the flood damage burden from the state to homeowners. This transition-as well as the large financial losses resulting from flooding-have created a window of opportunity for Canada to implement strategies that increase property owners' capacity to avoid and absorb the financial and physical risks associated with flooding. This work presents foundational research into the extent to which Canadians' flood experience, perceptions of flood risks and socio-demographics shape their intentions and adoption of property level flood protection (PLFP)...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Management
Yin Ge, Andrew C T Ha, Clare L Atzema, Husam M Abdel-Qadir, Jiming Fang, Peter C Austin, Duminda N Wijeysundera, Douglas S Lee
BACKGROUND: We examined the association of atrial fibrillation (AF) and oral anticoagulant use with perioperative death and bleeding among patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population-based study of patients aged 66 years and older who underwent elective (n=87 257) or urgent (n=35 930) noncardiac surgery in Ontario, Canada (April 2012 to March 2015) was performed. Outcomes were compared between AF groups using inverse probability of treatment weighting using the propensity score...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Eve Dubé, Dominique Gagnon, Manale Ouakki, Julie A Bettinger, Holly O Witteman, Shannon MacDonald, William Fisher, Vineet Saini, Devon Greyson
Parental decision making about childhood vaccinations is complex and multidimensional. There is a perception that the number of parents having concerns regarding childhood vaccinations has been increasing in Canada. The aim of this study was to explore vaccine hesitancy among Canadian parents and to examine factors associated with a parent's intention to vaccinate his/her child. Informed by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) this study assesses potential associations between parents' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs toward vaccination and their intention to vaccinate their child in the future...
December 9, 2017: Vaccine
Xiaoxiao Liu, Stefania Bertazzon
Spatial and temporal analyses are critical to understand the pattern of myocardial infarction (MI) hospitalizations over space and time, and to identify their underlying determinants. In this paper, we analyze MI hospitalizations in Calgary from 2004 to 2013, stratified by age and gender. First, a seasonal trend decomposition analyzes the seasonality; then a linear regression models the trend component. Moran's I and hot spot analyses explore the spatial pattern. Though exploratory, results show that most age and gender groups feature a statistically significant decline over the 10 years, consistent with previous studies in Canada...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Augusto Estrada, Nicole W Tsao, Alyssa Howren, John M Esdaile, Kamran Shojania, Mary A De Vera
OBJECTIVES: With comprehensive capture of information on patient encounters, electronic medical records (EMRs) may have utility for assessing adherence to quality indicators (QIs) in gout. Our objectives were to translate 10 previously established gout QIs into relevant EMR data and evaluate and describe the feasibility of using EMRs to assess gout QIs. METHODS: Using EMRs from 3 community rheumatology practices in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, we identified gout patients seen between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Andrea Orellana, Ian J Laurenzi, Heather MacLean, Joule A Bergerson
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with extraction of bitumen from oil sands can vary from project to project and over time. However, the nature and magnitude of this variability have yet to be incorporated into environmental life cycle studies. We present a statistically enhanced life cycle based model (GHOST-SE) for assessing variability of GHG emissions associated with the extraction of bitumen using in situ techniques in Alberta, Canada. It employs publicly-available, company-reported operating data, facilitating assessment of inter- and intra-project variability as well as the time evolution of GHG emissions from commercial in situ oil sands projects...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Jordana Salma, Norah Keating, Linda Ogilvie, Kathleen F Hunter
The increase in ethnically and linguistically diverse older adults in Canada necessitates attention to their experiences and needs for healthy ageing. Arab immigrant women often report challenges in maintaining health, but little is known about their ageing experiences. This interpretive descriptive study uses a transnational life course framework to understand Arab Muslim immigrant women's experiences of engaging in health-promoting practices as they age in Canada. Women's stories highlight social dimensions of health such social connectedness, social roles and social support that are constructed and maintained within different migration contexts across the life course...
December 12, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
Irina Cichon, Bernadette Klapper
Social change and the subsequent increase in the complexity of patient care create new challenges for all health care professionals that can only be met by close collaboration. Good cooperation between professionals from all healthcare backgrounds has proven to be essential and should therefore play a larger role in educational and study contexts.It is for this reason that over the past few years more and more countries are requiring cooperative skills and competencies in formal medical training and consequently implementing this training in their healthcare systems...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Stephen McGovarin, Tamanna Sultana, Chris Metcalfe
To determine whether discharges of contaminants from municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) may be contributing to the decline in populations of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in the watershed of the Credit River in ON, Canada, we caged juvenile brook trout upstream and downstream of the WWTPs of the small communities of Acton and Orangeville. Levels of vitellogenin were significantly elevated in liver tissue of trout caged downstream of both WWTPs, indicating exposure to estrogenic substances. Levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances indicative of oxidation of lipids were elevated in the gill tissue of brook trout caged downstream of the Orangeville WWTP, and levels of total glutathione were significantly lower in the gills of brook trout caged downstream of the Acton WWTP...
December 11, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Lawrence Lau, Beverly Wudel, Eugene Lee, Majid Darraj, Quinlan Richert, Adriana Trajtman, Kim Bresler, Jared Bullard, Ken Kasper, Marissa Becker, Yoav Keynan
Point-of-care (POC) HIV testing has been shown to be an acceptable method for increasing HIV testing uptake. To date, no studies have examined the use of POC testing for routine HIV screening on the medicine inpatient unit. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted over a three-month period in July, August, and October 2016 to evaluate the prevalence of undiagnosed HIV and the attitudes towards routine POC HIV testing. Patients admitted directly to medicine inpatient teaching units at a tertiary hospital in Winnipeg, Canada, were approached for participation...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Donald A Redelmeier, Eldar Shafir
OBJECTIVE: To test whether a full moon contributes to motorcycle related deaths. DESIGN: Population based, individual level, double control, cross sectional analysis. SETTING: Nighttime (4 pm to 8 am), United States. PARTICIPANTS: 13 029 motorcycle fatalities throughout the United States, 1975 to 2014 (40 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Motorcycle fatalities during a full moon. RESULTS: 13 029 motorcyclists were in fatal crashes during 1482 relevant nights...
December 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Sachin R Pendharkar, Marcus Povitz, Nick Bansback, Charles F P George, Debra Morrison, Najib T Ayas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
David Rudoler, Claire de Oliveira, Joyce Cheng, Paul Kurdyak
BACKGROUND: In September 2011, the government of Ontario implemented payment incentives to encourage the delivery of community-based psychiatric care to patients after discharge from a psychiatric hospital admission and to those with a recent suicide attempt. We evaluated whether these incentives affected supply of psychiatric services and access to care. METHODS: We used administrative data to capture monthly observations for all psychiatrists who practised in Ontario between September 2009 and August 2014...
December 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
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