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H M Le, G Carbutti, D Ilisei, E Bouccin, X Vandemergel
Pseudopheochromocytoma has a clinical presentation that is similar to pheochromocytoma. It manifests itself with paroxysmal hypertension crises, associated with various symptoms such as headaches, chest pain, nausea, palpitations, and dizziness. Patients are usually asymptomatic in between the crises. Unlike pheochromocytoma, there is no catecholamines overproduction in this pathology: hypertensive peaks are caused by a hyperactivation of the sympathetic nervous system, which is often triggered by a psychological trauma in the past...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
L Malloy-Weir, M Cooper
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy, literacy and numeracy have been identified as barriers to consumer understanding and the interpretation of nutrition-related information. To inform policy and dietetic practice, we examined the extent, range and nature of research on empirical relationships between health literacy, literacy or numeracy and the understanding and use of nutrition labels. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was conducted. A search of eight databases on 15 April 2014 and 26 May 2016 returned 651 and 173 records, respectively...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Tracy L Schumacher, Tracy L Burrows, Megan E Rollo, Neil J Spratt, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
Dietary modifications can improve serum lipids and reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, attendance at multiple dietary consultations can be a barrier to achieving behaviour change. This study investigated the effectiveness of a brief dietetic intervention on CVD risk factors in hyperlipidaemic adults. Adults with total cholesterol ≥ 5.0 mmol/L or low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol ≥ 4.0 mmol/L and not currently taking lipid-lowering medication were eligible for a minimum 6-week dietary intervention...
October 11, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Jelena R Radonić, Sunčica D Kocić Tanackov, Ivana J Mihajlović, Zorica S Grujić, Mirjana B Vojinović Miloradov, Marija M Škrinjar, Maja M Turk Sekulić
The objectives of the study were to determine the aflatoxin M1 content in human milk samples in Vojvodina, Serbia, and to assess the risk of infants' exposure to aflatoxins food contamination. The growth of Aspergillus flavus and production of aflatoxin B1 in corn samples resulted in higher concentrations of AFM1 in milk and dairy products in 2013, indicating higher concentrations of AFM1 in human milk samples in 2013 and 2014 in Serbia. A total number of 60 samples of human milk (colostrum and breast milk collected 4-8 months after delivery) were analyzed for the presence of AFM1 using the Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay method...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Teresa Iacono, Kellie Stagg, Natalie Pearce, Alana Hulme Chambers
BACKGROUND: Uptake of e-health, the use of information communication technologies (ICT) for health service delivery, in allied health appears to be lagging behind other health care areas, despite offering the potential to address problems with service access by rural and remote Australians. The aim of the study was to conduct a scoping review of studies into the application of or attitudes towards ehealth amongst allied health professionals conducted in Australia. METHODS: Studies meeting inclusion criteria published from January 2004 to June 2015 were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Theodoric Wong, Girish Gupte
Children with intestinal failure have had improved survival, particularly those with extreme short bowel syndrome, over the last 10-15 y. This has been attributed to better understanding of the pathophysiology of intestinal failure, improvement in line care, recognition of the importance of a team approach as well as the progress of intestinal transplant as a viable option. Parenteral nutrition remains the cornerstone for the continual survival of these patients. This review will cover contemporary approaches to intestinal failure including post surgical approaches, non-transplant surgery, dietetic and medication approaches during the adaptation process, considerations for home parenteral nutrition and latest in intestinal transplantation...
October 5, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
K Barnes, L Ball, B Desbrow
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intention of fitness businesses to promote the provision of nutrition care from personal trainers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of webpage content. METHODS: Fitness businesses within two Australian federal electorates were identified using the Fitness Australia list of registered fitness businesses. Inductive content analysis of these fitness business websites and associated social media sites was undertaken to compare website content to the Fitness Australia Position Statement outlining the Roles and Responsibilities of Registered Fitness Professionals...
September 30, 2016: Public Health
Okpako Felix Ogbemudia, Iziegbe Lucky Igbinosun, Mathias Rufus Ubom, Tochi Grace Chilaka
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the level of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Mn, Hg and Fe) accumulation in leaves of five vegetables viz: Telfairia occidentalis, Heinsia crinita, Gnetum africanum, Talinum triangulare and Vernonia amygdalina planted in different gardens in Ibesikpo Asutan and Uyo L.G.As in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria using standard scientific methods. METHODS: Soil samples were obtained at a depth of 0 - 10 cm each at the base of each vegetable using soil auger...
September 27, 2016: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Janis Armstrong, Elaine Buchanan, Hazel Duncan, Kathleen Ross, Konstantinos Gerasimidis
OBJECTIVE: There is an emerging interest in the use of blenderised food for tube-feeding (BFTF). This survey explored paediatric dietitians' perceptions and experiences of BFTF use. DESIGN: A web-based questionnaire was distributed to the Paediatric group of the British Dietetic Association. The survey captured dietitians' personal opinions and experience supporting children on BFTF, and the perceptions of carers. RESULTS: Of the 77 respondents, 19 were aware of professional guidelines and 63 had never received training on BFTF...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
C M R Gonçalves de Carvalho, S M L Ribeiro
We conducted a mini-review of the literature, focusing on aging-related systemic inflammation and its association with vitamin D (VitD). As main findings, data indicate that inflammation in aging seems to have multiple origins, including immunosenescence, and from intestinal and adipose tissue, where VitD may modulate these three factors, through mechanisms not totally known. From the selected studies, three randomized clinical trials of VitD supplementation showed improvements in inflammatory status, whereas two studies did not...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Wafa Haj Hamad, Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic education is an integral part of the management of knee osteoarthritis to acquire or to maintain skills allowing patients to manage their lives better. The aim of our study is to assess the contribution of therapeutic education in the management of knee osteoarthritis. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a randomized prospective study on patients with knee OA referred to the department of Physical Therapy of Mahdia since January 2016. Patients were divided into 3 groups...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Dick Rogers, Kelly Griswold, Paula Kellogg Leibovitz, Kevin L Sauer, Sharon Doughten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Kelly Griswold, Dick Rogers, Kevin L Sauer, Paula Kellogg Leibovitz, Jeri R Finn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Sherry Coleman Collins
Incidence of food allergy has increased significantly over the past decade and represents an important health issue for millions of Americans. Diagnosis of immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergies is sometimes difficult because blood and skin tests have high rates of false positives, and oral food challenges are uncommon due to the expense and potential for serious reactions. Accurate diagnosis is crucial to avoid unnecessary dietary restriction, especially in children. Because registered dietitian nutritionists often work independently, receiving referrals for dietary education and guidance for a patient who is followed by one or several other practitioners, navigating the data available and making the appropriate follow-up contact optimizes treatment...
October 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Xinyan Bi, Joseph Lim, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
Diabetes mellitus (DM) remains a major health care problem worldwide both in developing and developed countries. Many factors, including age, obesity, sex, and diet, are involved in the etiology of DM. Nowadays, drug and dietetic therapies are the two major approaches used for prevention and control of DM. Compared to drug therapy, a resurgence of interest in using diet to manage and treat DM has emerged in recent years. Conventional dietary methods to treat DM include the use of culinary herbs and/or spices...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Marta Pelczyńska, Teresa Grzelak, Marcelina Walczak, Krystyna Czyżewska
In recent years, attention has been focused on pleiotropic directions of effects exerted by vitamin D. Epidemiological data indicate that deficiency of vitamin D in various population groups represents an increasingly widespread phenomenon, while a decreased serum concentration of calcitriol correlates with manifestation of civilization-linked diseases, including visceral obesity. This study aims at a review and synthesis of data linked to relationships between lowered vitamin D concentrations in blood and manifestation of obesity, and potential mechanisms which affect the concentration of the vitamin in conditions of an excessive accumulation of adipose tissue...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Dipti A Dev, Brent A McBride, Katherine E Speirs, Kimberly A Blitch, Natalie A Williams
BACKGROUND: National early childhood obesity prevention policies recommend that child-care providers avoid controlling feeding practices (CFP) (eg, pressure-to-eat, food as reward, and praising children for cleaning their plates) with children to prevent unhealthy child eating behaviors and childhood obesity. However, evidence suggests that providers frequently use CFP during mealtimes. OBJECTIVE: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (2011) benchmarks for nutrition in child care as a framework, researchers assessed child-care providers' perspectives regarding their use of mealtime CFP with young children (aged 2 to 5 years)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Vanessa Fadanelli Schoenardie Poli, Ricardo Badan Sanches, Amanda Dos Santos Moraes, João Pedro Novo Fidalgo, Maythe Amaral Nascimento, Stephan Garcia Andrade-Silva, José Carlos Clemente, Liu Chiao Yi, Danielle Arisa Caranti
Assessing energy requirements is a fundamental activity in clinical dietetic practice. The aim of this study was to investigate which resting energy expenditure (REE) predictive equations are the best alternatives to indirect calorimetry before and after an interdisciplinary therapy in Brazilian obese women. In all, twelve equations based on weight, height, sex, age, fat-free mass and fat mass were tested. REE was measured by indirect calorimetry. The interdisciplinary therapy consisted of nutritional, physical exercise, psychological and physiotherapy support during the course of 1 year...
October 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Catalina Mosquera, Nicholas J Koutlas, Kimberly C Edwards, Ashley Strickland, Nasreen A Vohra, Emmanuel E Zervos, Timothy L Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: The accurate diagnosis of malnutrition is imperative if we are to impact outcomes in the malnourished. The American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN) and Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), in an attempt to address this issue, have provided evidence-based criteria to diagnose malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to validate the ASPEN/AND criteria in a cohort of patients from a single high-volume surgical oncology unit. METHODS: Patients undergoing major abdominal surgery from June 2013 to March 2015 were classified by their nutritional status using the ASPEN/AND criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Constantina Papoutsakis, Lisa Moloney, Rachel C Sinley, Antonia Acosta, Deepa Handu, Alison L Steiber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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