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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095821/weighing-as-a-stand-alone-intervention-does-not-reduce-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-compared-to-routine-antenatal-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#1
Shanna M Fealy, Rachael M Taylor, Maralyn Foureur, John Attia, Lyn Ebert, Alessandra Bisquera, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain is associated with short and long-term adverse maternal and infant health outcomes, independent of pre-pregnancy body mass index. Weighing pregnant women as a stand-alone intervention during antenatal visits is suggested to reduce pregnancy weight gain. In the absence of effective interventions to reduce excessive gestational gain within the real world setting, this study aims to test if routine weighing as a stand-alone intervention can reduce total pregnancy weight gain and, in particular, excessive gestational weight gain...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090351/the-prevalence-and-practice-impact-of-weight-bias-amongst-australian-dietitians
#2
T M Diversi, R Hughes, K J Burke
OBJECTIVES: This study explored weight bias amongst Australian Accredited Practising Dietitians (APDs) and the effect of client weight status on dietetic practice. METHODS: Participants were 201 APDs, recruited using purposive sampling. A self-administered questionnaire, the fat phobia scale (FPS), was completed to assess explicit weight bias. Participants were then randomized to receive either a female within the healthy weight range or female with obesity, accompanied by an identical case study for a condition unrelated to weight...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069213/effect-of-ultrasound-assisted-osmotic-dehydration-pretreatment-on-the-convective-drying-of-strawberry
#3
Ezzeddine Amami, Wissal Khezami, Salma Mezrigui, Laxmikant S Badwaik, Asma Kammoun Bejar, Carmen Tellez Perez, Nabil Kechaou
The work was planned to produce dietetic dehydrated strawberries with application of ultrasound osmotic dehydration (UOD) as pretreatment. A Box-Behnken design (BBD) were employed to characterize the UOD strawberry process, optimize and investigate the effect of independent variables like ultrasound time (10, 20 and 30min), concentration of osmotic solution (distilled water, 32.5 and 65 °Brix) and temperature (20, 30 and 40°C) on the water loss (WL), solid gain (SG) and weight reduction (WR). The same BBD were used to estimate the main effects of OD without ultrasound treatment...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067541/listeria-monocytogenes-circulating-in-rabbit-meat-products-and-slaughterhouses-in-italy-prevalence-data-and-comparison-among-typing-results
#4
Alessandra De Cesare, Antonio Parisi, Renzo Mioni, Damiano Comin, Alex Lucchi, Gerardo Manfreda
Rabbit meat has outstanding dietetic and nutritional properties. However, few data on microbiological hazards associated with rabbit productions are available. In this study, the presence of Listeria monocytogenes was determined in 430 rabbit carcasses, 256 rabbit meat cuts and products, and 599 environmental sponges collected from four Italian rabbit slaughterhouses over a period of 1 year. Prevalence of L. monocytogenes among the 1285 rabbit meat and environmental samples was 11%, with statistically significant differences between slaughterhouses...
January 9, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052539/what-are-the-support-experiences-and-needs-of-patients-who-have-received-bariatric-surgery
#5
Melanie Sharman, Martin Hensher, Stephen Wilkinson, Danielle Williams, Andrew Palmer, Alison Venn, Douglas Ezzy
OBJECTIVE: To explore the support needs and experiences of patients who had received publicly or privately funded bariatric surgery and the importance of this support in mediating outcomes of surgery. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups were conducted. A broad interview schedule guided the discussions which were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Twenty-six women and 15 men with a mean age of 54 years (range 24-72) participated in the study...
February 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050501/assessment-of-dental-nutrition-knowledge-among-nutrition-dietetics-students
#6
Salil Bapat, Kailash Asawa, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Vivek V Gupta, Pulkit Chaturvedi, Hemasha Daryani, Kushal Shinde
INTRODUCTION: Diet and nutrition plays an important role in signifying the health of an individual. Oral health is the most important aspect of the body when it comes to food intake and its health benefits. It is important for the nutrition/dietetics students to be aware of the health modalities related to oral aspect. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess knowledge towards the effect of diet and nutrition on oral health among nutrition/dietetics students of Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049736/glp-1-analogue-induced-weight-loss-does-not-improve-obesity-induced-at-dysfunction
#7
Emilie Pastel, Laura J McCulloch, Rebecca Ward, Shivam Joshi, Kim M Gooding, Angela C Shore, Katarina Kos
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogues aid weight loss which improves obesity-associated adipose tissue (AT) dysfunction. GLP-1 treatment may however also directly influence AT which expresses GLP-1 receptors. This study aimed to assess the impact of GLP-1 analogue treatment on subcutaneous AT inflammatory and fibrotic responses, compared to weight loss by calorie reduction (control). Among the 39 participants with type 2 diabetes recruited, 30 age-matched participants were randomised to 4 months treatment with Liraglutide (n=22) or calorie restriction-based on dietetic counselling (n=8)...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027215/complementary-feeding-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-committee-on-nutrition
#8
Mary Fewtrell, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas Embleton, Nataša Fidler Mis, Iva Hojsak, Jessie M Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Christian Molgaard
: This position paper considers different aspects of complementary feeding (CF), focussing on healthy term infants in Europe. After reviewing current knowledge and practices, we have formulated these recommendations: Timing: Exclusive or full breast-feeding should be promoted for at least 4 months (17 weeks, beginning of the 5th month of life) and exclusive or predominant breast-feeding for approximately 6 months (26 weeks, beginning of the 7th month) is a desirable goal. Complementary foods (solids and liquids other than breast milk or infant formula) should not be introduced before 4 months but should not be delayed beyond 6 months...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011079/interprofessional-education-to-create-and-sustain-high-performance-teams-to-support-our-transforming-health-care-system-and-future-educational-model-how-nutrition-and-dietetics-can-weigh-in
#9
Anne M Davis, Sandra G Affenito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010849/the-route-to-practice-and-the-root-of-the-profession-25-years-of-evolving-nutrition-and%C3%A2-dietetics-education-at-the-academy
#10
Karen Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010848/visioning-report-2017-a-preferred-path-forward-for-the-nutrition-and-dietetics-profession
#11
Jana R Kicklighter, Becky Dorner, Anne Marie Hunter, Marcy Kyle, Melissa Pflugh Prescott, Susan Roberts, Bonnie Spear, Rosa K Hand, Cecily Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005943/interspecific-variation-in-bumblebee-performance-on-pollen-diet-new-insights-for-mitigation-strategies
#12
Romain Moerman, Nathalie Roger, Roland De Jonghe, Denis Michez, Maryse Vanderplanck
Bumblebees (i.e. Bombus genus) are major pollinators of flowering wild plants and crops. Although many species are currently in decline, a number of them remain stable or are even expanding. One factor potentially driving changes in bumblebee distribution is the suitability of plant communities. Actually, bees probably have specific nutritional requirements that could shape their floral choices and constraint them in the current context of global change. However, most studies primarily focus on one bumblebee species at a time, making comparative studies scarce...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986354/lived-experiences-of-routine-antenatal-dietetic-services-among-women-with-obesity-a-qualitative-phenomenological-study
#13
Nicola Heslehurst, Sarah Dinsdale, Helene Brandon, Camilla Johnston, Carolyn Summerbell, Judith Rankin
OBJECTIVE: to understand the lived experiences and views of being referred to an antenatal dietetic service from the perspective of pregnant women with obesity. DESIGN: a qualitative, interpretive approach using one-to-one in-depth interviews to explore the lived experience of pregnant women with obesity following referral to an antenatal dietetics service. Thematic content analysis was carried out by two researchers independently to develop data-driven themes. SETTING: one NHS Trust maternity and dietetic services, North East England, UK...
November 18, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975361/-monastery-medicine-what-s-the-story-behind-it-what-s-reasonable-what-s-no-good
#14
Heike Will, Iris Eisenmann-Tappe
"Monastery medicine" refers to the traditional medieval European medicine, which was above all in the hands of monks and nuns. We warn against the uncritical application of the historical treatment recommendations, such as by Hildegard von Bingen, as herbal humoralpathological drugs are not always harmless. Modern phytotherapy, however, is well-founded in science. Combined with adapted monastic elements such as dietetics and regulative therapy, as the basis of a "new monastery medicine", it can be used as a supplement to academic medicine...
December 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956893/eosinophilic-disorders-of-the-gastro-intestinal-tract-an-update
#15
REVIEW
Erminia Ridolo, Valerie Melli, Gianluigi De' Angelis, Irene Martignago
Eosinophilic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE), are rare chronic pathologies of the digestive system, with an immuno-mediated pathogenesis. Recent data suggest that, together with the "classic" IgE-response to allergens, also a delayed hypersensitivity mechanism could be involved in the development of eosinophilic disorders. EoE and EGE were studied only in the latest decades and as a consequence accurate data are not yet available, concerning not only pathogenesis, but also epidemiology, treatment and outcomes...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941319/the-vigabatrin-induced-retinal-toxicity-is-associated-with-photopic-exposure-and-taurine-deficiency-an-in-vivo-study
#16
Ye Tao, Jixue Yang, Zhao Ma, Zhongjun Yan, Ce Liu, Jianjie Ma, Yunqin Wang, Zhen Yang, Yi Fei Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Retinal toxicity is one of the most commonly discussed and concerning adverse effects of vigabatrin (VGB). The present study explored the relationship between the VGB elicited retinal toxicity, photopic exposure, and taurine deficiency, aiming at screening for risk factors to minimize the adverse effects of VGB. METHODS: The effects of VGB on function and morphology of mouse retinas were examined via a series of in vivo tests, including electroretinography (ERG), Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and optokinetic testing...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925144/nutrition-screening-practices-amongst-australian-residential-aged-care-facilities
#17
J Kellett, G Kyle, C Itsiopoulos, M Naunton
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) in Australia who use a nutrition screening tool on residents to identify those at risk of malnutrition, and to review practice following identification of residents as being at high risk of malnutrition. DESIGN: Multi-center, cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Residential Aged Care Facilities. PARTICIPANTS: The Director of Nursing at each site was contacted by telephone and asked questions relating to current nutrition screening practices at their residential aged care facility...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922778/developing-an-outcomes-framework-for-the-dietetic-service
#18
Victoria Prendiville
Demonstrating our value as individual practitioners and services is a key priority. Developing robust process and outcome measures supports us to achieve this. Outcomes also enable us to provide the highest level of patient-centred care by helping us to re-model the relationship between user and provider through capturing and using patient-related experience and outcome measures to inform service development. This article discusses our journey as a dietetic service in developing and implementing an outcomes framework utilising quality improvement methodology...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915357/snacking-patterns-and-snack-correlates-in-third-and-fourth-year-nursing-and-dietetics-students-an-exploratory-study-from-the-midwestern-united-states
#19
Laura H McArthur, P L Monahan, Zhaohui Sheng, Donald Holbert
AIMS: To compare snacking behaviors and psychosocial correlates of third- and fourth-year nursing (n=52) and dietetics (n=48) students. METHODS: Questionnaires assessed snack choices, awareness of healthy snacks, snack recommendations and beliefs, stage of change and perceived benefits/barriers for healthy snacking, and situational snacking. RESULTS: The snacks purchased most often on and off campus by the nursing students were soft drinks/caffeinated beverages (58%) and chips (42%), and for the dietetics students were chips (35%) and fresh fruit (33%)...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#20
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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