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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#1
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886705/the-commission-on-dietetic-registration-ahead-of-the-trends-for-a-competent-21st-century-workforce
#2
Karen Stein, Mickie Rops
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#3
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882579/learner%C3%A2-%C3%A2-preceptor-ratios-for-practice-based-learning-across-health-disciplines-a-systematic-review
#4
Peter Loewen, Michael Legal, Allison Gamble, Kieran Shah, Stacey Tkachuk, Peter Zed
CONTEXT: Practice-based learning is a cornerstone of developing clinical and professional competence in health disciplines. Practice-based learning systems have many interacting components, but a key facet is the number of learners per preceptor. Different learner : preceptor ratios may have unique benefits and pose unique challenges for participants. This is the first comprehensive systematic review of the topic. Our research questions were: What are the benefits and challenges of each learner : preceptor ratio in practice-based learning from the perspectives of the learners, preceptors, patients and stakeholder organisations (i...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881287/obesity-with-comorbid-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-narrative-review-to-inform-dietetics-practice
#5
Barbara Gordon, Barbara Shorter, Kathy Keenan Isoldi, Robert M Moldwin
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem among women; clinical treatment guidelines include weight reduction as a strategy for controlling urinary leakage. The purpose of this review was to gather evidence on the association between obesity and SUI and to ascertain whether there are any special considerations for implementing medical nutrition therapy with community-dwelling, obese, adult females with comorbid SUI. Five key findings emerged: epidemiologic studies consistently report statistically significant associations between obesity and SUI, randomized control trials found that weight loss appears to ameliorate SUI symptoms, the SUI-activity link may affect weight management, there is a potential interplay between SUI and the obesity-sleep connection, and dietary components are associated with the exacerbation of urinary symptoms...
November 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#6
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876810/outcomes-of-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-in-paediatric-crohn-s-disease
#7
L Lafferty, M Tuohy, A Carey, S Sugrue, M Hurley, S Hussey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is a safe and effective treatment modality for inducing remission in paediatric Crohn's disease (CD). The primary aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of EEN to corticosteroid (CS) therapy in newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve patients with CD. A secondary aim was to describe the outcomes of EEN in a national cohort of paediatric CD patients over a 10-year period. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at the Irish national referral centre for paediatric CD...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875280/malnutrition-identified-by-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-consensus-criteria-and-other-bedside-tools-is-highly-prevalent-in-a-sample-of-individuals-undergoing-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#8
Urvashi Mulasi, David M Vock, Adam J Kuchnia, Gautam Jha, Naomi Fujioka, Venkatesh Rudrapatna, Manish R Patel, Levi Teigen, Carrie P Earthman
BACKGROUND: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (Academy/ASPEN) Consensus malnutrition definition, we estimated malnutrition prevalence in a sample of individuals with head and neck cancer (HNC) and compared it with the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). We also investigated the utility of the 50-kHz phase angle (PA) and 200-kHz/5-kHz impedance ratio (IR) to identify malnutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen individuals (18 males, 1 female) scheduled to undergo chemoradiotherapy were seen at 5 time points during and up to 3 months after treatment completion...
October 7, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875119/image-guided-interventions-we-ve-come-a-long-way-but-are-we-there
#9
Cristian A Linte, Ziv R Yaniv
While the term "image-guided surgery" has gained popularity fairly recently, the use of imaging for medical interventions dates as far back as the beginning of the 20th century. Dr. George H. Gray of Lynn, Massachusetts, reported in his 1908 article "X-rays in Surgical Work," published in volume 2 of the Journal of Therapeutics and Dietetics, that "the one great stride in the handling of difficult cases was the accurate diagnosis made possible by the use of the X-rays." His story points to the day when a seamstress presented to his office with a broken sewing needle embedded in her hand...
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863616/attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-australia-dietitians-regarding-dietary-supplements-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Wolfgang Marx, Nicole Kiss, Daniel McKavanagh, Elisabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes, beliefs and behaviors of Australian dietitians regarding dietary supplements. METHODS: An online survey was disseminated through the mailing lists of multiple healthcare organizations. There were 231 Australian dietitians that replied to the online survey. RESULTS: The results indicate that Australian dietitians are interested in dietary supplements (65%); however, the results also indicate that Australian dietitians are tentative about integrating dietary supplements into their dietetic practice...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860058/patient-experiences-of-a-bariatric-group-programme-for-managing-obesity-a-qualitative-interview-study
#11
Mark Tarrant, Sammyh S Khan, Claire V Farrow, Pooja Shah, Mark Daly, Katarina Kos
OBJECTIVES: People with obesity experience a range of physical and psychological ill-health outcomes. This study examined patients' experiences of a group-based programme for the management of morbid obesity delivered within the UK National Health Service. The focus of the study was on the emerging dynamic of the group and patients' perceptions of its impact on health outcomes. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study was conducted and involved patients recruited from a Tier 3 bariatric service in South West England...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847349/assessing-the-viability-of-social-media-for-disseminating-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-through-content-analysis-of-twitter-messages-and-health-professional-interviews-an-observational-study
#12
Rosa K Hand, Deric Kenne, Taylor M Wolfram, Jenica K Abram, Michael Fleming
BACKGROUND: Given the high penetration of social media use, social media has been proposed as a method for the dissemination of information to health professionals and patients. This study explored the potential for social media dissemination of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline (EBNPG) for Heart Failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) describe the existing social media content on HF, including message content, source, and target audience, and (2) describe the attitude of physicians and registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) who care for outpatient HF patients toward the use of social media as a method to obtain information for themselves and to share this information with patients...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846784/emotional-management-and-biological-markers-of-dietetic-regimen-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#13
Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Luciani, Erika Fazzari, Valerio Cesari, Stella Luciano, Antonio Fortini, Desiderata Berloco, Francesco Canulla, Vincenzo Bruzzese, Silvia Lai
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between psychological characteristics and biological markers of adherence in chronic kidney disease patients receiving conservative therapy, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis (PD), or kidney transplantation. Seventy-nine adult patients were asked to complete the following questionnaires: Toronto Alexithymia scale, Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale, and Short Form Health Survey. Biological markers of adherence to treatment were measured. Peritoneal dialysis patients showed a lower capacity to feel pleasure from sensorial experience (p = ...
November 15, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842926/a-randomised-trial-of-post-discharge-enteral-feeding-following-surgical-resection-of-an-upper-gastrointestinal-malignancy
#14
Farid Froghi, Grant Sanders, Richard Berrisford, Tim Wheatley, Paul Peyser, Jo Rahamim, Stephen Lewis
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery often eat poorly post-operatively, despite dietetic input. A pilot study was conducted to examine the benefit of a 6 week nutritional supplementation via a feeding jejunostomy on fatigue, quality of life and independent living. METHODS: A feeding jejunostomy was placed routinely at oesophagectomy or total gastrectomy for cancer. At discharge, patients were randomised to nutritional supplementation (600 kcal/day) via their feeding jejunostomies or no jejunal supplement...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825792/level-of-implementation-of-the-institute-of-medicine-recommended-core-competencies-among-dietetics-education-programs
#15
Peggy Turner, Kathrin Eliot, Sue Kent, Sarah Rusnak, Patti Landers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817128/l-arginine-and-b-vitamins-improve-endothelial-function-in-subjects-with-mild-to-moderate-blood-pressure-elevation
#16
Daniel Menzel, Hermann Haller, Manfred Wilhelm, Horst Robenek
PURPOSE: The aim of this trial was to investigate the influence of a dietetic product consisting of a unique combination of L-arginine with the vitamins B6, folic acid and B12 (Telcor(®) Arginin plus) on endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Subjects aged 40-65 years with mild to moderate blood pressure (BP) elevation not treated with anti-hypertensive drugs were randomly assigned to either the dietetic product (n = 40) or a matching placebo (n = 41) for 3 months with open follow-up for a further 3 months...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807666/effects-of-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-programme-on-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-oesophageal-cancer-survivors-the-restore-feasibility-study
#17
Emer M Guinan, Suzanne L Doyle, Linda O'Neill, Margaret R Dunne, Emma K Foley, Jacintha O'Sullivan, John V Reynolds, Juliette Hussey
PURPOSE: Physical, nutritional and quality-of-life compromises are known sequelae of oesophageal cancer (OC) treatment. Inflammation and oxidative stress may be relevant to adverse consequences. Multimodal rehabilitation involving exercise and diet prescription may attenuate some of the negative consequences and optimise survivorship, and this was assessed in this feasibility study in OC patients at least 1 year post-oesophagectomy. METHODS: The 12-week programme included supervised and home-based exercise, dietetic counselling to ensure energy balance and multidisciplinary education...
November 3, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799804/relative-cost-effectiveness-of-using-an-extensively-hydrolyzed-casein-formula-in-managing-infants-with-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-brazil
#18
Julian F Guest, Ariana C Yang, Jane Oba, Maraci Rodrigues, Rosane Caetano, Lilian Polster
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of three alternative dietetic strategies for cow's milk allergy in Brazil: 1) using an extensively hydrolyzed casein formula (eHCF; Nutramigen) as a first-line formula, but switching to an amino acid formula (AAF) if infants remain symptomatic; 2) using an AAF as a first-line formula and then switching to an eHCF after 4 weeks once infants are symptom-free, but switching back to an AAF if infants become symptomatic; and 3) using an AAF as a first-line formula and keeping all infants on that formula...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788767/practice-paper-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-social-media-and-the-dietetics-practitioner-opportunities-challenges-and-best-practices
#19
Janet Helm, Regan Miller Jones
Social media tools, including blogs, social networks, and media-sharing sites, help nutrition and dietetics practitioners reach broader audiences and connect directly with the public. In many ways, social media has transformed the practice of dietetics and has opened up new avenues for communicating food and nutrition information. Social media has been an effective tool for virtual nutrition counseling, patient education, peer-to-peer support, and public health campaigns. Increasingly, nutrition and dietetics practitioners are using social media to network and collaborate with colleagues, conduct a job search, stay current with new research, champion a cause, promote products or services, and build a business...
November 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784507/barriers-and-enablers-to-malnutrition-screening-of-community-living-older-adults-a-content-analysis-of-survey-data-by-australian-dietitians
#20
Dana L Craven, Fiona E Pelly, Elisabeth Isenring, Geoff P Lovell
Many older adults living in their own homes are at nutrition risk which, left untreated, can lead to the state of malnutrition. To reduce the prevalence of malnutrition among community-living older adults (CLOAs), risk factors should be identified and addressed early via malnutrition screening. The aim of this study was to identify barriers and enablers to malnutrition screening of CLOAs from the perspective of dietitians. Ninety-two dietitians working for government, not-for-profit and private organisations in Australia provided written comments to open-ended survey questions...
October 27, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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