keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Airways

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732224/three-dimensional-changes-in-the-upper-airway-of-skeletal-class-iii-patients-after-different-orthognathic-surgical-procedures
#1
Yuxue Yang, Kai Yang, Ying Zhao
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that 3-dimensional changes in the upper airway of patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion are different after mandibular setback and maxillary advancement (MSMA) compared with mandibular setback (MS) and that upper airway changes and the amount of jaw movement are correlated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Skeletal Class III patients who underwent MS surgery or MSMA surgery were included in this retrospective cohort study. Cone beam computed tomography scans were acquired before and 3 months after surgery...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731913/response-to-the-letter-predictors-for-airway-complications-following-single-or-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#2
Seokchun Lim, Kartik Kesavabhotla, George R Cybulski, Nader Dahdaleh, Zachary A Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731412/lung-sound-analysis-is-useful-for-monitoring-therapy-in-patients-with-bronchial-asthma
#3
T Shimoda, Y Obase, Y Nagasaka, H Nakano, R Kishikawa, T Iwanaga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lung sound analysis (LSA) has been reported to be useful for predicting airway obstruction and inflammation in patients with bronchial asthma. Objectives: We examined whether the exhalation-to-inhalation sound pressure ratio in the middle frequency range (200-400 Hz) (E/I MF) is useful for monitoring therapy in patients with asthma. METHODS: The study population comprised 84 patients with mild to moderate asthma whose LSA data were available before and after 1 year of daily treatment with (budesonide 800 μg)...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731410/infectious-and-noninfectious-pulmonary-complications-in-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-disorders
#4
REVIEW
R Yazdani, H Abolhassani, M Asgardoon, M Shaghaghi, M Modaresi, G Azizi, A Aghamohammadi
Primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) are caused by 1 or more defects of the immune system. Patients are more likely to experience recurrent and/or severe infections and tend to develop a wide range of complications. Respiratory diseases are the main and initial manifestation in most cases and the most common complication. Pulmonary complications cause significant morbidity and mortality in patients with PIDs. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can prevent or at least slow the development of respiratory complications...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731360/communications-between-pulmonary-airways-and-blood-vessels-a-new-mechanism
#5
Stephen H Loring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731127/pidotimod-exacerbates-allergic-pulmonary-infection-in-an-ova-mouse-model-of-asthma
#6
Luo-Qin Fu, Ya-Li Li, Ai-Kun Fu, Yan-Ping Wu, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Sheng-Lan Hu, Wei-Fen Li
Pidotimod is a synthetic dipeptide with biological and immuno‑modulatory properties. It has been widely used for treatment and prevention of recurrent respiratory infections. However, its impact on the regulation of allergic pulmonary inflammation is still not clear. In the current study, an ovalbumin (OVA)‑induced allergic asthma model was used to investigate the immune‑modulating effects of pidotimod on airway eosinophilia, mucus metaplasia and inflammatory factor expression compared with dexamethasone (positive control)...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730908/electrical-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-review-of-the-evidence
#7
Valeria Bisogni, Martino F Pengo, Andrea De Vito, Giuseppe Maiolino, Gian Paolo Rossi, John Moxham, Joerg Steier
Obstructi ve sleep apnoea is an increasingly prevalent clinical condition with significant impact on individuals and public health. Continuous positive airway pressure therapy is the standard treatment, but adherence is limited and alternative treatments are needed. In this context, non-invasive and invasive methods for the electrical stimulation of upper airway dilator muscles have been demonstrated to be effective in selected patients. Areas covered: This review will cover investigations on the clinical effects, safety, and tolerability of non-invasive and invasive electrical stimulation of the upper airway for the management of obstructive sleep apnoea...
July 21, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730380/acute-and-chronic-effects-of-oral-erdosteine-on-ciliary-beat-frequency-cough-sensitivity-and-airway-reactivity
#8
L Pappová, I Kazimierová, M Jošková, M Šutovská, S Fraňová
Erdosteine as a mucolytic agent that decreases mucus viscosity and facilitates mucus expulsion from the airways by cough or ciliary movement. Our objective was to determine whether erdosteine can directly contribute to mucus clearance. We addressed the issue by monitoring acute and chronic effects of erdosteine on ciliary beat frequency (CBF), cough sensitivity, and airway smooth muscle reactivity. The experiments were performed in healthy guinea pigs. Erdosteine (10 mg/kg) was administrated orally in a single dose or daily through 7 days...
July 21, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729731/anti-asthmatic-effect-of-pitavastatin-through-aerosol-inhalation-is-associated-with-cd4-cd25-foxp3-t-cells-in-an-asthma-mouse-model
#9
Songquan Wu, Ruhui Yang, Guangli Wang
Statins are competitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-A) reductase, and studies have shown that statins also have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-asthmatic effects of pitavastatin, a type of statin, in an asthma mouse model. Mice were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA) to establish the asthma model. These mice were then treated with inhaled pitavastatin (5 mg/kg) or dexamethasone (2 mg/kg), the latter of which served as a positive control...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729471/hypoxic-vascular-response-and-ventilation-perfusion-matching-in-end-stage-copd-may-depend-on-p22phox
#10
Chandran Nagaraj, Christoph Tabeling, Bence M Nagy, Pritesh P Jain, Leigh M Marsh, Rita Papp, Michael Pienn, Martin Witzenrath, Bahil Ghanim, Walter Klepetko, E Kenneth Weir, Stefan Heschl, Grazyna Kwapiszewska, Andrea Olschewski, Horst Olschewski
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease in which the amount of emphysema and airway disease may be very different between individuals, even in end-stage disease. Emphysema formation may be linked to the involvement of the small pulmonary vessels. The NAPDH oxidase (Nox) family is emerging as a key disease-related factor in vascular diseases, but currently its role in hypoxia-induced pulmonary remodelling in COPD remains unclear.Here we investigate the role of p22phox, a regulatory subunit of Nox, in COPD lungs, hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV), hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodelling and pulmonary hypertension...
July 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729052/tedizolid-inhibits-muc5ac-production-induced-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells
#11
Kazuaki Takeda, Norihito Kaku, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Kosuke Kosai, Naoki Uno, Yoshifumi Imamura, Hiroo Hasegawa, Taiga Miyazaki, Koichi Izumikawa, Hiroshi Mukae, Katsunori Yanagihara
The innate immune system plays an important role in early immunity against respiratory tract infection. Although airway epithelial cells produce mucus to eliminate pathogens and irritants, hypersecretion of mucus is harmful for the host as it may cause airway obstruction and inhibit influx of antimicrobial agents. It has been reported that several antimicrobial agents have an immunomodulatory effect in vitro and in vivo, but little is known about whether tedizolid, a novel oxazolidinone, can modulate immune responses...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729042/effects-of-%C3%AE-blockers-on-house-dust-mite-driven-murine-models-pre-and-post-development-of-an-asthma-phenotype
#12
Radhika Joshi, Daniel Valdez, Hosu Kim, Douglas C Eikenburg, Brian J Knoll, Richard A Bond
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies suggested certain β-adrenoceptor blockers (β-blockers) attenuate the asthma phenotype in ovalbumin driven murine models of asthma. However, the ovalbumin model has been criticized for lack of clinical relevance. METHODS: We tested the non-selective β-blockers, carvedilol and nadolol, in house dust mite (HDM) driven murine asthma models where drugs were administered both pre- and post-development of the asthma phenotype. We measured inflammation, mucous metaplasia, and airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR)...
July 17, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729000/airway-microbiota-signals-anabolic-and-catabolic-remodeling-in-the-transplanted-lung
#13
Stéphane Mouraux, Eric Bernasconi, Céline Pattaroni, Angela Koutsokera, John-David Aubert, Johanna Claustre, Christophe Pison, Pierre-Joseph Royer, Antoine Magnan, Romain Kessler, Christian Benden, Paola M Soccal, Benjamin J Marsland, Laurent P Nicod
BACKGROUND: Homeostatic turnover of the extracellular matrix conditions the structure and function of the healthy lung. In lung transplantation, long-term management remains limited by Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction (CLAD), an umbrella term used for a heterogeneous entity ultimately associated with pathological airway and/or parenchyma remodeling. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the local cross-talk between the pulmonary microbiota and host cells is a key determinant in the control of lower airway remodeling post-transplantation...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728716/thoracic-trauma-injuries-evaluation-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Joseph J Platz, Loic Fabricant, Mitch Norotsky
Thoracic injury is common in high-energy and low-energy trauma, and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Evaluation requires a systematic approach prioritizing airway, respiration, and circulation. Chest injuries have the potential to progress rapidly and require prompt procedural intervention. For the diagnosis of nonemergent injuries, a careful secondary survey is essential. Although medicine and trauma management have evolved throughout the decades, the basics of thoracic trauma care have remained the same...
August 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728621/high-flow-heated-humidified-air-via-nasal-cannula-treats-cpap-intolerant-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Stephen Hawkins, Stephanie Huston, Kristen Campbell, Ann Halbower
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective but challenging for children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). High-flow air via open nasal cannula (HFNC) as treatment in children remains controversial. We report the efficacy of HFNC in children with OSA and CPAP intolerance, a titration protocol, and a discussion of potential mechanisms. METHODS: Patients aged 1 to 18 years with OSA (defined by obstructive apnea-hypopnea index [OAHI] greater than 1 event/h) and CPAP intolerance were enrolled...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728620/insulin-resistance-and-hypertension-in-obese-youth-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-treated-with-positive-airway-pressure-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#16
Sherri L Katz, Joanna E MacLean, Lynda Hoey, Linda Horwood, Nicholas Barrowman, Bethany Foster, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Laurent Legault, Glenda N Bendiak, Valerie G Kirk, Evelyn Constantin
STUDY OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that cardiometabolic disease associated with obesity and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults is present in youth. SDB is often treated with positive airway pressure (PAP) in youth with obesity. Our aims were to determine: (1) the prevalence of cardiometabolic disease and (2) whether PAP improves markers of cardiometabolic disease, in youth with obesity and newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study was conducted in youth (8 to 16 years old) with obesity, prescribed PAP therapy for newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728616/efficacy-of-the-addition-of-a-cervical-collar-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-obstructive-apneas-despite-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#17
Arnaud Prigent, Leo Grassion, Stephanie Guesdon, Jesus Gonzalez-Bermejo
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is currently the reference treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The use of a face mask, although sometimes necessary, is often associated with increased airway obstruction due to mandibular retrusion. We report a small group of patients in whom addition of a cervical collar to a face mask allowed correction of obstructive events.
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728614/upper-airway-stimulation-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-evaluation-and-comparison-of-outcomes-at-two-academic-centers
#18
Colin Huntley, Thomas Kaffenberger, Karl Doghramji, Ryan Soose, Maurits Boon
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Data from patients at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) undergoing upper airway stimulation (UAS) were analyzed. We hypothesize that treatment with UAS will improve both subjective and objective outcome measures and results will be reproducible between institutions. METHODS: We reviewed patients undergoing UAS between May 2014 and August 2016. We recorded demographic data, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and preoperative and postoperative polysomnographic information...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728276/-the-role-of-hur-in-mediating-snail-expression-in-human-small-airway-epithelium-induced-by-cigarette-smoke-extract
#19
X M Gu, X G Wang, J Sun, N Wang, S J Jiang
Objective: To investigate the abundance of human antigen R (HuR) in small airway epithelial cells stimulated by cigarette smoke extract (CSE) as well as the role of HuR in mediating snail which is recognized as a key transcription factor in regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Methods: Human small airway epithelial cells (HSAEpiC) cultured in vitro were exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) to model COPD status. Real-time PCR and western blotting analysis were used in detecting HuR protein and mRNA expression in cells with CSE which were divided into 5 groups: a control group, a 1%-24 h group, a 3%-24 h group, a 1%-48 h group and a 3%-48 h group...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728259/-impact-of-allergic-airway-diseases-on-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-school-age-children
#20
X D Jiang, C Shen, K Li, Y T Ji, S H Li, F Jiang, X M Shen, F Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the impact of allergic airway diseases on the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in school-age children. Method: Used stratified cluster sampling method, school-age children in first to sixth grade in primary schools in 9 randomly selected cities including Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi'an, and Wuhan were enrolled in the study. Interview of parents with questionnaires, which included school-age individual and family social environment questionnaire (including history of diagnosed ADHD, allergic rhinitis, and bronchial asthma) and Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), were finished and collected during November to December in 2005...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
12254
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"