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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079172/25-oh-d-and-1-25-oh-d-vitamin-d-fails-to-predict-sepsis-and-mortality-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Franz Ratzinger, Helmuth Haslacher, Markus Stadlberger, Ralf L J Schmidt, Markus Obermüller, Klaus G Schmetterer, Thomas Perkmann, Athanasios Makristathis, Rodrig Marculescu, Heinz Burgmann
The clinical role of vitamin D in sepsis and mortality prediction is controversially discussed. Therefore, we conducted a prospective cohort study on standard care wards, including 461 patients with suspected sepsis fulfilling two or more SIRS criteria. On the first and third day after onset of SIRS symptoms levels of 25(OH)D, 1,25(OH)D and sepsis biomarkers were analysed for their predictive capacity for identifying infection, bacteraemia and an elevated mortality risk. Additionally, several SNPs associated with vitamin D metabolism were evaluated...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078727/second-cancer-incidence-in-primary-mediastinal-b-cell-lymphoma-treated-with-methotrexate-with-leucovorin-rescue-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide-vincristine-prednisone-and-bleomycin-regimen-with-or-without-rituximab-and-mediastinal-radiotherapy-results-from-a-monoinstitutional
#2
Vitaliana De Sanctis, Marco Alfò, Alice Di Rocco, Michela Ansuinelli, Eleonora Russo, Mattia F Osti, Maurizio Valeriani, Giuseppe Minniti, Lavinia Grapulin, Daniela Musio, Stefano Bracci, Alessandra Spagnoli, Maria Luisa Moleti, Vincenzo Tombolini, Maurizio Martelli
Our aim is to assess the incidence of second cancer in long-time surviving primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) patients treated with combined radiochemoimmunotherapy (standard methotrexate with leucovorin rescue, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, and bleomycin with rituximab and mediastinal radiation therapy at a dose of 30 to 36 Gy). For this purpose, 92 points were evaluated. After a median overall survival of 137 months (range 76-212), we recorded second cancer in 3 of 80 long-surviving patients (3...
January 12, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078568/rediagnosing-one-of-smith-s-patients-john-mccann-with-neuromas-tumours-1849
#3
Martino Ruggieri, Andrea D Praticò, Rosario Caltabiano, Agata Polizzi
In 1849, the Irish Professor of Surgery, Sir Robert William Smith, by publishing his "Treatise on the Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Neuroma", collected six previous examples of "general development of neuromatous tumours" and reported three further cases (two personal and one referred) of what is nowadays known as neurofibromatosis. Among these latter cases, there was a 35-year-old cattle-driver, John McCann, who was first admitted at hospital in 1840 because of a large tumour on the right side of his neck thought to be malignant (and a second tumour sublingually) but not operated...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078375/assessing-intra-arterial-complications-of-planning-and-treatment-angiograms-for-y-90-radioembolization
#4
Osman Ahmed, Mikin V Patel, Abdulrahman Masrani, Bradford Chong, Mohammed Osman, Jordan Tasse, Jayesh Soni, Ulku Cenk Turba, Bulent Arslan
PURPOSE: To report hepatic arterial-related complications encountered during planning and treatment angiograms for radioembolization and understand any potential-associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 518 mapping or treatment angiograms for 180 patients with primary or metastatic disease to the liver treated by Yttrium-90 radioembolization between 2/2010 and 12/2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Intra-procedural complications were recorded per SIR guidelines...
January 11, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077118/malat1-promoted-invasiveness-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#5
Na Keum Lee, Jung Hwa Lee, Cristina Ivan, Hui Ling, Xinna Zhang, Chan Hyuk Park, George A Calin, Sang Kil Lee
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer globally, and the mechanism of its pathogenesis is still largely unknown. Recently, non-coding RNAs have been recognized to promote metastasis in various cancers, including gastric cancer. METHODS: We found that metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript-1 (MALAT1) is upregulated in gastric cancer tissue compared to adjacent normal tissue, as determined by microarray and subsequent qRT-PCR, then investigated the impact of MALAT1 on apoptosis, cell proliferation, and the cell cycle to dissect the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer, and examined mechanisms of invasion and metastasis...
January 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076290/tailored-interactive-sequences-for-continuous-mr-image-guided-freehand-biopsies-of-different-organs-in-an-open-system-at-1-0-tesla-t-initial-experience
#6
Florian Streitparth, Christian Althoff, Martin Jonczyk, Felix Guettler, Martin Maurer, Hendrik Rathke, Keno Moritz Sponheuer, Bernd Hamm, Ulf K Teichgräber, Maximilian de Bucourt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility, image quality, and accuracy of freehand biopsies of liver, bone, muscle, vertebral disc, soft tissue, and other lesions using balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP, balanced fast field echo: bFFE), spoiled and nonspoiled gradient echo (FFE), and turbo spin echo (TSE) sequences for interactive continuous navigation in an open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system at 1.0 tesla (T). METHODS: Twenty-six MR-guided biopsies (five liver, five bone, four muscle, four vertebral disc, one lung, one kidney, one suprarenal gland, and five soft or other tissue) were performed in 23 patients in a 1...
January 11, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074380/usefulness-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-for-differentiating-between-warthin-s-tumor-and-oncocytoma-of-the-parotid-gland
#7
Hiroki Kato, Keita Fujimoto, Masayuki Matsuo, Keisuke Mizuta, Mitsuhiro Aoki
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging for differentiating between Warthin's tumor and oncocytoma of the parotid gland. METHODS: Forty-five histopathologically confirmed parotid gland tumors (41 Warthin's tumors and 4 oncocytomas) were examined by MR imaging including DW imaging. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT was also performed in 9 Warthin's tumors and 3 oncocytomas. We retrospectively reviewed the images and compared the MR signal intensities, apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs), and maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) of the solid components between the two pathologies...
January 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073488/plasma-mitochondrial-dna-levels-were-independently-associated-with-lung-injury-in-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#8
Jian-Zheng Zhang, Juan Wang, Wen-Chun Qu, Xiao-Wei Wang, Zhi Liu, Ji-Xin Ren, Li Han, Tian-Sheng Sun
INTRODUCTION: Hip fracture in the elderly can induce systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) and lung injury which increases the risk of lung infection and death. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) plays a role in SIRS and lung injury in patients with multi-trauma, and also in patients with hip fractures. This study evaluated the potential value of plasma mtDNA in the early prognosis of lung injury in elderly fracture patients. METHODS: This study enrolled 156 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture...
January 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072933/altered-blood-levels-of-vitamin-d-cathelicidin-and-parathyroid-hormone-in-patients-with-sepsis-a-pilot-study
#9
T Greulich, W Regner, M Branscheidt, C Herr, A R Koczulla, C F Vogelmeier, R Bals
It has been recognised that vitamin D (VitD) has a potential role in the regulation of inflammation and protection from infection. In a prospective clinical observational pilot study, we investigated the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 (25(OH)D3), 1,25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), parathyroid hormone (PTH), and cathelicidin in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with or without systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). We included 32 patients with SIRS (septic patients), 16 ICU patients without SIRS, and 16 healthy controls...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072623/effect-of-substituting-50-isovue-for-sterile-water-as-the-delivery-medium-for-sir-spheres-improved-dose-delivery-and-decreased-incidence-of-stasis
#10
Cherng Chao, S William Stavropoulos, Jeffrey I Mondschein, Mandeep Dagli, Deepak Sudheendra, Gregory Nadolski, Michael C Soulen
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of substituting 50% Isovue (Bracco Diagnostics Inc, Monroe Township, NJ) for sterile water on the delivery of Y resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres [Sirtex Medical Limited, Sydney, Australia]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed all SIR-Spheres radioembolizations at the authors' institution from January 1, 2011, to February 10, 2014. From January 1, 2011, to April 30, 2013, all users performed SIR-Spheres radioembolization per the manufacturer's original instructions using sterile water in the B and D lines and intermittently checking the progress of the embolization by injecting contrast via the B line...
January 9, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070962/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-indications-complications-survival-and-its-use-as-a-bridging-therapy-to-liver-transplant-in-western-australia
#11
Puraskar Pateria, Gary P Jeffrey, George Garas, Jonathan Tibballs, John Ferguson, Luc Delriviere, Yi Huang, Leon A Adams, Gerry MacQuillan
INTRODUCTION: Insertion of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an established therapeutic option to treat the complications of portal hypertension. The purpose of this study is to review the experience of a single Australian institute with TIPS and evaluation of result to emphasize the indication, aetiology of portal hypertension, prognostic factors, complications and survival. Use of TIPS as a bridge to liver transplantation was also analysed. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of patients treated with TIPS at The Western Australian Liver Transplant Unit, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, over a period of 12 years...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069193/safety-of-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-for-diffuse-adenomyosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Yujie Feng, Liang Hu, Wenzhi Chen, Rong Zhang, Xi Wang, Jinyun Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for patients with diffuse adenomyosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. The data was collected from 417 symptomatic adenomyosis patients who underwent ultrasound-guided HIFU between January 2012 and December 2015 at 1st Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Among them were 260 patients with diffuse adenomyosis (Group D) and 157 patients with focal adenomyosis (Group F)...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067940/geographical-and-epidemiological-analysis-of-oncological-incidence-in-paediatric-and-adolescent-ages-in-a-municipality-of-north-western-italy-vercelli-years-2002-2009
#13
C Salerno, P Berchialla, L A Palin, E Barasolo, P G Fossale, P Marciani
INTRODUCTION: This study of the geographical incidence on the oncological mortality in young age (0-44 years) in the City of Vercelli, was aimed to address the concerns of the population and the request of municipal administrators. A detailed and sophisticated study for a City of medium-small size is due for the presence of various sources of pressure, such as a MSW incinerator just a few kilometres from the city and an intensive agricultural activity that characterizes the entire area...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066003/contemporary-issues-for-delivery-of-mental-health-services-in-commonwealth-countries
#14
Rajen Prasad, Sir Anand Satyanand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064165/nutritional-control-of-chronological-aging-and-heterochromatin-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#15
David F McCleary, Jasper Rine
Calorie restriction extends lifespan in organisms as diverse as yeast and mammals through incompletely understood mechanism(s). The role of NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases, known as Sirtuins, in this process, particularly in the yeast S. cerevisiae is controversial. We measured chronological lifespan of wild-type and sir2Δ strains over a higher glucose range than typically used for studying yeast calorie restriction. sir2Δ extended lifespan in high-glucose complete minimal medium, and had little effect in low glucose medium, revealing a partial role for Sir2 in the calorie restriction response under these conditions...
January 6, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062972/predictive-performance-of-the-quick-sequential-organ-failure-assessment-score-as-a-screening-tool-for-sepsis-mortality-and-intensive-care-unit-admission-in-patients-with-febrile-neutropenia
#16
Minsoo Kim, Shin Ahn, Won Young Kim, Chang Hwan Sohn, Dong Woo Seo, Yoon-Seon Lee, Kyung Soo Lim
PURPOSE: In Sepsis-3, the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score was developed as criteria to use for recognizing patients who may have poor outcomes. This study was performed to evaluate the predictive performance of the qSOFA score as a screening tool for sepsis, mortality, and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in patients with febrile neutropenia (FN). We also tried to compare its performance with that of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria and Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) score for FN...
January 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062833/cancer-incidence-in-cohorts-of-workers-in-the-rubber-manufacturing-industry-first-employed-since-1975-in-the-uk-and-sweden
#17
M Boniol, A Koechlin, T Sorahan, K Jakobsson, P Boyle
OBJECTIVES: Increased cancer risks have been reported among workers in the rubber manufacturing industry employed before the 1960s, but it is unclear for workers hired subsequently. The present study focused on cancer incidence among rubber workers first employed after 1975 in Sweden and the UK. METHODS: Two cohorts of rubber workers employed for at least 1 year were analysed. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs), based on country-specific and period-specific incidence rates, were analysed for all cancers combined (except non-melanoma skin), bladder, lung, stomach cancer, leukaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma...
January 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059857/risk-for-cancer-among-people-living-with-aids-1997-2012-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-aids-cancer-linkage-study
#18
Luana F Tanaka, Maria R D O Latorre, Eliana B Gutierrez, Maria P Curado, Guenter Froeschl, Christian Heumann, Karl-Heinz Herbinger
Previous studies have reported an increased risk for certain types of cancer in the HIV-infected population. The aim of this study was to assess the risk for cancer in people with AIDS (PWA) in comparison with the general population in São Paulo (Brazil), between 1997 and 2012. A population-based registry linkage study was carried out to assess the risk for cancer, using a standardized incidence ratio (SIR) approach. A total of 480 102 person-years, of which 337 941 (70.4%) person-years were men, were included in the analysis...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059655/norman-m-dott-master-of-hypothalamic-craniopharyngioma-surgery-the-decisive-mentoring-of-harvey-cushing-and-percival-bailey-at-peter-bent-brigham-hospital
#19
Ruth Prieto, José M Pascual
Norman McOmish Dott (1897-1973) developed surgical neurology in Edinburgh, Scotland, and was a scholar of worldwide renown. One of Dott's most notable contributions to neurosurgery was his understanding of hypothalamic physiology, mostly acquired through the comprehensive study of patients with lesions involving this region of the diencephalon, particularly craniopharyngiomas (CPs). Recognition of symptoms caused by hypothalamic disturbances allowed him to predict the accurate anatomical relationships between CPs and the hypothalamus, despite the rudimentary radiological methods available during the 1930s...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057990/predictors-of-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-following-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#20
Karunamoorthy Ramaraju, Arun Kumar Paranjothi, Dhinakar Babu Namperumalsamy, Ilamparuthi Chennakrishnan
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Sepsis remains one of the dreaded complications of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). To analyze prospectively the preoperative and intraoperative factors that predict the occurrence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients undergoing PCNL so that we can aggressively manage those patients from the preoperative period itself and avert the dangerous complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out between August 2012 and March 2013 including all patients who underwent PCNL...
October 2016: Urology Annals
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