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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784612/risk-of-progression-of-nonalbuminuric-ckd-to-end-stage-kidney-disease-in-people-with-diabetes-the-cric-chronic-renal-insufficiency-cohort-study
#1
Digsu N Koye, Dianna J Magliano, Christopher M Reid, Christopher Jepson, Harold I Feldman, William H Herman, Jonathan E Shaw
BACKGROUND: Reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in the absence of albuminuria is a common manifestation of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in diabetes. However, the frequency with which it progresses to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We included 1,908 participants with diabetes and reduced GFR enrolled in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study in the United States...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769597/long-term-risk-for-end-stage-kidney-disease-and-death-in-a-large-population-based-cohort
#2
Emanuel Zitt, Constanze Pscheidt, Hans Concin, Reinhard Kramar, Raphael S Peter, Jan Beyersmann, Karl Lhotta, Gabriele Nagel
Knowledge of metabolic risk factors for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the general population is limited when considering the competing event death in risk analysis. The aim of our prospective observational study was to investigate how blood pressure and metabolic factors might influence the risks for ESKD and death before ESKD in a large Austrian population-based cohort with long-term follow-up. 177,255 participants (53.8% women; mean age 42.5 years) were recruited between 1988 and 2005 and linked to the Austrian Dialysis and Transplant Registry and the National Mortality Registry...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731235/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-using-hand-grip-strength-tool
#3
Ashraf Mohamed Abd El Basset Bakr, Bothina Mohamed Hasaneen, Dina AbdelRasoul Helal Bassiouni
OBJECTIVE: Muscle status assessment is crucial for diagnosis of protein energy wasting PEW/cachexia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Hand grip strength (HGS) has been used in muscle power assessment in adult CKD. However, no data is available about its usefulness in children with CKD. Hence, we aimed to study the reliability of HGS in reflecting the muscle power and thus, nutritional status in children with CKD. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this Observational cross sectional study we enrolled 73 CKD children; 45 had end stage kidney disease (ESKD) on hemodialysis (HD) and 28 had CKD but not on dialysis yet...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720548/esrd-among-immigrants-to-ontario-canada-a-population-based-study
#4
Jeffrey Perl, Eric McArthur, Vivian S Tan, Danielle M Nash, Amit X Garg, Ziv Harel, Alvin H Li, Manish M Sood, Joel G Ray, Ron Wald
Background The epidemiology of ESRD requiring maintenance dialysis (ESRD-D) in large, diverse immigrant populations is unclear. Methods We estimated ESRD-D prevalence and incidence among immigrants in Ontario, Canada. Adults residing in Ontario in 2014 were categorized as long-term Canadian residents or immigrants according to administrative health and immigration datasets. We determined ESRD-D prevalence among these adults and calculated age-adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) comparing immigrants to long-term residents...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712739/pulse-wave-velocity-and-prognosis-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#5
Giovanni Tripepi, Mohsen Agharazii, Bruno Pannier, Graziella D'Arrigo, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali, Gerard London
High pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a hallmark of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) where it is considered useful for risk stratification. We investigated whether PWV adds meaningful prognostic information to 2 simple, well-validated, clinical risk scores specific to ESKD (the Annualized Rate of Occurrence scores) for predicting all-cause and cardiovascular mortality by applying state-of-the-art prognostic tests including discrimination (Harrell C-index), risk reclassification (integrated discrimination improvement), and calibration...
June 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693202/acceleration-of-carboxylesterase-mediated-activation-of-irinotecan-to-sn-38-by-serum-from-patients-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#6
Hiroyoshi Koide, Masayuki Tsujimoto, Yurie Katsube, Megumi Ochiai, Ayako Hojo, Taku Furukubo, Satoshi Izumi, Tomoyuki Yamakawa, Daisuke Shima, Tetsuya Minegaki, Kohshi Nishiguchi
PURPOSE: Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of irinotecan have been reported to be altered in cancer patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Carboxylesterase (CES) has an important role in metabolism of irinotecan to its active metabolite, SN-38, in human liver. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether CES activity was altered in ESKD patients. METHODS: The present study investigated the effects of uremic serum, uremic toxins, and fatty acids on the hydrolysis of irinotecan and a typical CES substrate, p-nitrophenyl acetate (PNPA), in human liver microsomes...
April 24, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649631/simultaneous-risk-factor-control-using-telehealth-to-slow-progression-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-stop-dkd-study-protocol-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Clarissa J Diamantidis, Hayden B Bosworth, Megan M Oakes, Clemontina A Davenport, Jane F Pendergast, Sejal Patel, Jivan Moaddeb, Huiman X Barnhart, Peter D Merrill, Khaula Baloch, Matthew J Crowley, Uptal D Patel
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the United States. Multiple risk factors contribute to DKD development, yet few interventions target more than a single DKD risk factor at a time. This manuscript describes the study protocol, recruitment, and baseline participant characteristics for the Simultaneous Risk Factor Control Using Telehealth to slOw Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease (STOP-DKD) study. The STOP-DKD study is a randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial behavioral and medication management intervention to mitigate kidney function decline at 3 years compared to usual care...
April 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628022/vitamin-e-supplementation-improves-high-densitiy-lipoprotein-and-endothelial-functions-in-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#8
Masatoshi Mune, Harumi Uto-Kondo, Iwao Iteya, Yoshiyuki Fujii, Saiko Ikeda, Katsunori Ikewaki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) have been shown to be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and impaired cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) have been reported in such patients, and effects of vitamin E supplementation on HDL functions are poorly understood. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate effects of vitamin E supplementation on HDL and endothelial functions in ESKD patients undergoing HD...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622669/secular-trends-in-infection-related-mortality-after-kidney-transplantation
#9
Susanna Kinnunen, Pauli Karhapää, Auni Juutilainen, Patrik Finne, Ilkka Helanterä
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infections are the most common noncardiovascular causes of death after kidney transplantation. We analyzed the current infection-related mortality among kidney transplant recipients in a nationwide cohort in Finland. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Altogether, 3249 adult recipients of a first kidney transplant from 1990 to 2012 were included. Infectious causes of death were analyzed, and the mortality rates for infections were compared between two eras (1990-1999 and 2000-2012)...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609535/prevalence-and-correlates-of-central-venous-catheter-use-among-haemodialysis-patients-in-the-irish-health-system-a-national-study
#10
Wael F Hussein, Husham Mohammed, Leonard Browne, Liam Plant, Austin G Stack
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVC) are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD), yet they are frequently used as the primary vascular access for many patients on HD. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and variation in CVC use across centres in the Irish health system. METHODS: Data from the National Kidney Disease Clinical Patient Management System (KDCPMS) was used to determine CVC use and patterns across centres...
April 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580582/inflammatory-mechanisms-as-new-biomarkers-and-therapeutic-targets-for-diabetic-kidney-disease
#11
REVIEW
Radica Z Alicic, Emily J Johnson, Katherine R Tuttle
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of CKD and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) worldwide. Approximately 30-40% of people with diabetes develop this microvascular complication, placing them at high risk of losing kidney function as well as of cardiovascular events, infections, and death. Current therapies are ineffective for arresting kidney disease progression and mitigating risks of comorbidities and death among patients with DKD. As the global count of people with diabetes will soon exceed 400 million, the need for effective and safe treatment options for complications such as DKD becomes ever more urgent...
March 2018: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580581/acute-kidney-injury-and-progression-of-diabetic-kidney-disease
#12
REVIEW
Samuel Mon-Wei Yu, Joseph V Bonventre
Diabetic kidney disease, commonly termed diabetic nephropathy (DN), is the most common cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) worldwide. The characteristic histopathology of DN includes glomerular basement membrane thickening, mesangial expansion, nodular glomerular sclerosis, and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Diabetes is associated with a number of metabolic derangements, such as reactive oxygen species overproduction, hypoxic state, mitochondrial dysfunction, and inflammation. In the past few decades, our knowledge of DN has advanced considerably although much needs to be learned...
March 2018: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567864/systems-thinking-and-leadership-how-nephrologists-can-transform-dialysis-safety-to-prevent-infections
#13
Leslie P Wong
Infections are the second leading cause of death for patients with ESKD. Despite multiple efforts, nephrologists have been unable to prevent infections in dialysis facilities. The American Society of Nephrology and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have partnered to create Nephrologists Transforming Dialysis Safety to promote nephrologist leadership and engagement in efforts to "Target Zero" preventable dialysis infections. Because traditional approaches to infection control and prevention in dialysis facilities have had limited success, Nephrologists Transforming Dialysis Safety is reconceptualizing the problem in the context of the complexity of health care systems and organizational behavior...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556678/the-trabecular-bone-score-is-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-markers-of-bone-turnover-and-prevalent-fracture-in-patients-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#14
J Aleksova, S Kurniawan, G J Elder
Fracture risk increases in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), but bone mineral density (BMD) measurement is less predictive of risk than in the general population. In this study of patients with ESKD, a lower trabecular bone score (TBS), indicative of microarchitectural deterioration, was associated with higher bone turnover markers and prevalent non-vertebral fracture. INTRODUCTION: Declining renal function carries increased fracture risks, but BMD is less predictive of fracture for dialysis patients than the general population...
March 19, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545381/black-americans-perspectives-of-barriers-and-facilitators-of-community-screening-for-kidney-disease
#15
Ebele M Umeukeje, Marcus G Wild, Saugar Maripuri, Teresa Davidson, Margaret Rutherford, Khaled Abdel-Kader, Julia Lewis, Consuelo H Wilkins, Kerri Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incidence of ESKD is three times higher in black Americans than in whites, and CKD prevalence continues to rise among black Americans. Community-based kidney disease screening may increase early identification and awareness of black Americans at risk, but it is challenging to implement. This study aimed to identify participants' perspectives of community kidney disease screening. The Health Belief Model provides a theoretic framework for conceptualization of these perspectives and optimization of community kidney disease screening activities...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523958/assessment-and-management-of-fluid-overload-in-children-on-dialysis
#16
Wesley Hayes, Fabio Paglialonga
Dysregulation of intravascular fluid leads to chronic volume overload in children with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Sequelae include left ventricular hypertrophy and remodeling and impaired cardiac function. As a result, cardiovascular complications are the commonest cause of mortality in the pediatric dialysis population. The clinical need to optimize intravascular volume in children with ESKD is clear; however, its assessment and management is the most challenging aspect of the pediatric dialysis prescription...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514605/predictive-value-of-spot-versus-24-hour-measures-of-proteinuria-for-death-end-stage-kidney-disease-or-chronic-kidney-disease-progression
#17
Tracey Ying, Philip Clayton, Chetana Naresh, Steven Chadban
BACKGROUND: Proteinuria is well recognised as a marker of chronic kidney disease (CKD), as a risk factor for progression of CKD among those with known CKD, and as a risk factor for cardiovascular events and death among both the general and CKD populations. Which measure of proteinuria is most predictive of renal events remains uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study with 144 proteinuric CKD and kidney transplant recipients attending an outpatient clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Australia...
March 7, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511890/urinary-clusterin-a-novel-urinary-biomarker-associated-with-pediatric-lupus-renal-histopathologic-features-and-renal-survival
#18
Chao-Yi Wu, Huang-Yu Yang, Hui-Ping Chien, Min-Hua Tseng, Jing-Long Huang
BACKGROUND: Lupus nephritis (LN) is a major risk factor for systemic lupus erythematous (SLE)-related morbidity and mortality. With the aim of bypassing renal biopsy, we analyzed urinary biomarkers for their ability to predict renal histopathologic features and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). METHODS: Urinary albumin, ß2-microglobulin (B2M), cystatin C, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), clusterin, calbindin, interleukin-18 (IL-18), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), trefoil factor 3 (TFF3), osteopontin, and glutathione S-transferase π (GST-π) levels were measured at time of renal biopsy...
March 6, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511059/association-of-serious-fall-injuries-among-united-states-end-stage-kidney-disease-patients-with-access-to-kidney-transplantation
#19
Laura C Plantinga, Raymond J Lynch, Rachel E Patzer, Stephen O Pastan, C Barrett Bowling
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Serious fall injuries in the setting of ESKD may be associated with poor access to kidney transplant. We explored the burden of serious fall injuries among patients on dialysis and patients on the deceased donor waitlist and the associations of these fall injuries with waitlisting and transplantation. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Our analytic cohorts for the outcomes of ( 1 ) waitlisting and ( 2 ) transplantation included United States adults ages 18-80 years old who ( 1 ) initiated dialysis ( n =183,047) and ( 2 ) were waitlisted for the first time ( n =37,752) in 2010-2013...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511057/hemodiafiltration-to-address-unmet-medical-needs-eskd-patients
#20
Bernard Canaud, Jörg Vienken, Stephen Ash, Richard A Ward
Hemodiafiltration combines diffusive and convective solute removal in a single therapy by ultrafiltering 20% or more of the blood volume processed using a high-flux hemodialyzer and maintaining fluid balance by infusing sterile nonpyrogenic replacement fluid directly into the patient's blood. In online hemodiafiltration, the large volumes of replacement fluid required are obtained by online filtration of standard dialysate through a series of bacteria- and endotoxin-retaining filters. Currently available systems for online hemodiafiltration are on the basis of conventional dialysis machines with added features to safely prepare and infuse replacement fluid and closely control fluid balance...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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