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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#1
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343497/most-medical-practices-are-not-parachutes-a-citation-analysis-of-practices-felt-by-biomedical-authors-to-be-analogous-to-parachutes
#2
Michael J Hayes, Victoria Kaestner, Sham Mailankody, Vinay Prasad
BACKGROUND: In a 2003 paper in BMJ, the authors made the tongue-in-cheek observation that there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of parachutes. This paper has been widely read, cited and used to argue that RCTs are impractical or unnecessary for some medical practices. We performed a study to identify and evaluate claims that a medical practice is akin to a parachute. METHODS: Using Google Scholar, we identified all citations to the 2003 paper. We searched for claims that a specific practice was akin to a parachute...
January 15, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335899/the-ultrasonographic-whirlpool-sign-in-testicular-torsion-valuable-tool-or-waste-of-valuable-time-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Jared McDowall, Ahmed Adam, Louis Gerber, Callistus O A Enyuma, Sunday J Aigbodion, Sean Buchanan, Abdullah E Laher
PURPOSE: A positive whirlpool sign (WS) is defined as the presence of a spiral-like pattern when the spermatic cord is assessed during ultrasonography (US), using standard, high-resolution ultrasonography (HRUS) and/or color Doppler sonography (CDS), in the presence of testicular torsion. The objective of this review was to assess the validity and accuracy of this sign by performing a comprehensive systematic literature review and meta-analysis. METHODS: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a comprehensive literature search was performed (August, 2017), using the following databases: BMJ Best Practice, Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science...
January 15, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329525/reporting-of-heterogeneity-of-treatment-effect-in-cohort-studies-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Meryl Dahan, Caroline Scemama, Raphael Porcher, David J Biau
BACKGROUND: This article corresponds to a literature review and analyze how heterogeneity of treatment (HTE) is reported and addressed in cohort studies and to evaluate the use of the different measures to HTE analysis. METHODS: prospective cohort studies, in English language, measuring the effect of a treatment (pharmacological, interventional, or other) published among 119 core clinical journals (defined by the National Library of Medicine) in the last 16 years were selected in the following data source: Medline...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297896/-let-s-go-forward-but-wisely%C3%A2
#5
Massimo Di Maio
In recent years, the oncologic community has been widely debating the high costs of new anti-cancer drugs, that put at risk the sustainability of the health care system. In a study published in BMJ in October 2017, Davis and colleagues analyzed clinical trials conducted with anti-cancer drugs approved by the European Medicines Agency between 2009 and 2013. The authors emphasized that most anti-cancer drugs have been approved without any evidence of an improvement in overall survival and/or in quality of life...
December 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288150/the-bmj-charity-appeal-christmas-2017-help-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-volunteer-doctors-help-the-rohingya-people
#6
Jane Feinmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281975/a-survey-of-prevalence-of-narrative-and-systematic-reviews-in-five-major-medical-journals
#7
Clovis Mariano Faggion, Nikolaos P Bakas, Jason Wasiak
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews may provide less biased evidence than narrative reviews because they observe a strict methodology, similarly to primary studies. Hence, for clinical research questions, systematic reviews should be the study design of choice. It would be important to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of narrative and systematic reviews published in prominent medical journals. Researchers and clinicians give great value to articles published in such scientific journals...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233810/the-bmj-charity-appeal-christmas-2017-help-msf-bring-essential-healthcare-to-millions-of-people-in-war-torn-yemen
#8
Richard Hurley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204330/a-bias-in-the-evaluation-of-bias-comparing-randomized-trials-with-nonexperimental-studies
#9
Jessica M Franklin, Sara Dejene, Krista F Huybrechts, Shirley V Wang, Martin Kulldorff, Kenneth J Rothman
In a recent BMJ article, the authors conducted a meta-analysis to compare estimated treatment effects from randomized trials with those derived from observational studies based on routinely collected data (RCD). They calculated a pooled relative odds ratio (ROR) of 1.31 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-1.65) and concluded that RCD studies systematically over-estimated protective effects. However, their meta-analysis inverted results for some clinical questions to force all estimates from RCD to be below 1...
April 2017: Epidemiologic Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191933/the-bmj-charity-appeal-christmas-2017-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-volunteer-doctors-need-your-support
#10
Jane Feinmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175830/who-won-in-the-bmj-awards-south-asia-2017
#11
Jeetha D'Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167735/a-review-of-data-sharing-statements-in-observational-studies-published-in-the-bmj-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Laura McDonald, Anna Schultze, Alex Simpson, Sophie Graham, Radek Wasiak, Sreeram V Ramagopalan
In order to understand the current state of data sharing in observational research studies, we reviewed data sharing statements of observational studies published in a general medical journal, the British Medical Journal. We found that the majority (63%) of observational studies published between 2015 and 2017 included a statement that implied that data used in the study could not be shared. If the findings of our exploratory study are confirmed, room for improvement in the sharing of real-world or observational research data exists...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136328/organ-preservation-in-rectal-cancer-a-synopsis-of-current-guidelines
#13
W A A Borstlap, S E van Oostendorp, C E L Klaver, D Hahnloser, C Cunningham, E Rullier, W A Bemelman, J B Tuynman, P J Tanis
BACKGROUND: The high morbidity associated with radical resection for rectal cancer is an incentive for surgeons to adopt strategies aimed at organ preservation, particularly for early disease. There are a number of different approaches to achieve this. In this study we have collated current national and international guidelines to produce a synopsis to support this changing practice. METHODS: The databases PubMed, Embase, Trip database, national guideline clearinghouse, BMJ Best practice were interrogated...
November 14, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133334/national-citation-patterns-of-nejm-the-lancet-jama-and-the-bmj-in-the-lay-press-a-quantitative-content-analysis
#14
Gonzalo Casino, Roser Rius, Erik Cobo
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the total number of newspaper articles citing the four leading general medical journals and to describe national citation patterns. DESIGN: Quantitative content analysis. SETTING/SAMPLE: Full text of 22 general newspapers in 14 countries over the period 2008-2015, collected from LexisNexis. The 14 countries have been categorised into four regions: the USA, the UK, Western World (European countries other than the UK, and Australia, New Zealand and Canada) and Rest of the World (other countries)...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070599/bmj-declares-its-revenues-from-industry
#15
EDITORIAL
Fiona Godlee, Kamran Abbasi, Theodora Bloom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063561/best-paper-selection
#16
(no author information available yet)
Daniulaityte R, Chen L, Lamy FR, Carlson RG, Thirunarayan K, Sheth A. "When 'Bad' is 'Good'": Identifying Personal Communication and Sentiment in Drug-Related Tweets. JMIR Public Health Surveill 2016 Oct 24;2(2):e162 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5099500/ Freedman RA, Viswanath K, Vaz-Luis I, Keating NL. Learning from social media: utilizing advanced data extraction techniques to understand barriers to breast cancer treatment. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2016 Jul;158(2):395-405 https://www.ncbi.nlm...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063548/best-paper-selection
#17
(no author information available yet)
Anderson AE, Kerr WT, Thames A, Li T, Xiao J, Cohen MS. Electronic health record phenotyping improves detection and screening of type 2 diabetes in the general United States population: a crosssectional, unselected, retrospective study. J Biomed Inform 2016;60;162-8 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1532046415002865?via%3Dihub Badgeley MA, Shameer K, Glocksberg BS, Tomlinson MS, Levin MA, McCormick PJ, Kasarskis A, Reich DL, Dudley JT. EHDViz: clinical dashboard development using open-source technologies...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062538/gripp2-reporting-checklists-tools-to-improve-reporting-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-research
#18
S Staniszewska, J Brett, I Simera, K Seers, C Mockford, S Goodlad, D G Altman, D Moher, R Barber, S Denegri, A Entwistle, P Littlejohns, C Morris, R Suleman, V Thomas, C Tysall
BACKGROUND: While the patient and public involvement (PPI) evidence base has expanded over the past decade, the quality of reporting within papers is often inconsistent, limiting our understanding of how it works, in what context, for whom, and why. OBJECTIVE: To develop international consensus on the key items to report to enhance the quality, transparency, and consistency of the PPI evidence base. To collaboratively involve patients as research partners at all stages in the development of GRIPP2...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050529/e-learning-in-medical-education-the-potential-environmental-impact
#19
Kieran Walsh
Introduction There is a growing interest in the use of e-learning in medical education. However until recently there has been little interest in the potential environmental benefits of e-learning. This paper models various environmental outcomes that might emerge from the use of an e-learning resource (BMJ Learning) in CPD. Methods We modeled the use of e-learning as a component of CPD and evaluated the potential impact of this use on the learner's carbon footprint. We looked at a number of models - all from the perspective of a General Practitioner (GP)...
October 19, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046090/is-the-number-of-new-trauma-and-orthopaedic-consultant-posts-increasing-or-decreasing
#20
REVIEW
S Wilson, Npm Jain, D S Johnson
Introduction Trauma and orthopaedics is a popular surgical specialty in the UK. Recent changes to the National Health Service have suggested an imbalance with fewer jobs yet more trainees. Furthermore, subspecialisation is emerging within all surgical disciplines. The aim of this study was to examine whether there were decreasing numbers of trauma and orthopaedic (T&O) consultant appointments in the UK, and to determine the frequency of subspecialisation. Methods All 51 issues of the British Medical Journal (BMJ) careers supplement from the year 2000 were reviewed as well as the 51 issues from 2010...
November 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
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