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Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Corey Joseph, Marie Garrubba, Julian A Smith, Angela Melder
Pulmonary artery catheters (PACs) were introduced in 1970. Since then, their use has steadily increased. However, there have been questions raised regarding their efficacy for multiple clinical scenarios. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the safety and effectiveness of routine use of PACs post cardiac surgery on mortality, complications, days in intensive care unit, days in hospital, and costs in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, or patients who end up in an intensive care unit. METHODS: Medline, All EBM, Embase and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were searched using predetermined search terms...
February 21, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The atrocities in Syria have been covered in the four general medical weekly journals in the USA and the UK. Medical journal articles addressing political determinants of public health have rightly described and criticised the international community's failure to enforce humanitarian law while urging global bodies of power to ensure protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure and medical services. Discussions of the political influences on health of people in the occupied Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza Strip) seem to be considered politically out-of-bounds by some medical journals...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Bosco Charles Rowland, Joanne Williams, Rachel Smith, Jessica Kate Hall, Amber Osborn, Peter Kremer, Adrian B Kelly, Evie Leslie, George Patton, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, John W Toumbourou
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In many countries adolescent alcohol use is a major health problem. To supplement national policies, it is important to trial community interventions as a potential strategy to prevent adolescent alcohol use. METHODS: This study evaluated a multicomponent community intervention that included community mobilisation, social marketing, and the monitoring of alcohol sales to minors. Evaluation was a clustered randomised trial design with 14 intervention and 14 control communities...
March 2, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Wei Kou, Xuelei Li, Hongbing Yao, Ping Wei
OBJECTIVES: Allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma often occur concomitantly and are the two most common inflammatory conditions of the airways in children. Large-scale studies investigating the comorbidity of asthma and AR in children are rare. So, we performed a meta-analysis to describe the comorbidity rate of asthma and AR in Chinese children. METHODS: We retrieved related studies from Pubmed, Science, Springer, Elsevier, Embase, BMJ, and four Chinese biomedical databases, including Wanfang Data, VIP, CBM, and CNKI...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Sarah Bradley, Robert E Gutman, Lee A Richter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women have an estimated 12.6% lifetime risk of undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in the USA (Wu et al. in Obstet Gynecol 123(6): 1201-6, 2014). Surgical repair of uterovaginal prolapse most commonly includes hysterectomy and vaginal vault suspension; however, the value of concomitant hysterectomy is uncertain, and there appears to be growing interest in uterine conservation. Multiple procedures have evolved using a variety of approaches. The aim of this paper is to review uterine sparing (hysteropexy) prolapse repair techniques and outcomes...
February 23, 2018: Current Urology Reports
Elizabeth Loder, Stephen Loder, Sophie Cook
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the characteristics and publication fate of improperly registered clinical trials submitted to a medical journal ( The BMJ ) over a 4-year period to identify common types of registration issues and their relation to publication outcomes. DESIGN: Research articles submitted to The BMJ and identified as unregistered or retrospectively registered by editors were included if they reported outcomes of a clinical trial. Relevant data regarding the trials were then extracted from each paper...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
A Richard Green, Peter M Haddad, Jeffrey K Aronson
AIMS: To examine how pharmaceutical products that were first marketed between 1950 and 1980 were promoted to physicians through advertisements and briefly review advertising regulations and accuracy of the advertisements in the light of modern knowledge. METHODS: We systematically reviewed advertisements promoting drugs for specific therapeutic areas, namely central nervous system disorders (anxiety and sleep disorders, depression, psychoses, and Parkinson's disease), respiratory disorders, cardiovascular disorders, and gastrointestinal disorders...
February 14, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Wen Wang, Wenwen Chen, Yanmei Liu, Reed Alexander C Siemieniuk, Ling Li, Juan Pablo Díaz Martínez, Gordon H Guyatt, Xin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of adjunctive antibiotic therapy on uncomplicated skin abscesses. DESIGN: Systematic review and network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and STUDY SELECTION: A BMJ Rapid Recommendation panel provided input on design, important outcomes and the interpretation of the results. Eligible randomised controlled trials (RCTs) included a comparison of antibiotics against no antibiotics or a comparison of different antibiotics in patients with uncomplicated skin abscesses, and reported outcomes prespecified by the linked guideline panel...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
Juliet Dobson, Daoxin Yin, Kamran Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Ingrid Hoeritzauer, Alan J Carson, Jon Stone
OBJECTIVE: In their 1973 BMJ paper 'Cryptogenic Drop Attacks', Stevens and Matthews described 40, mostly middle-aged, female patients with drop attacks of unknown cause. Although clinically common, there has been little on this topic since. We aimed to determine clinical features, comorbidity and outcome of patients with drop attacks. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of patients with cryptogenic drop attacks seen consecutively by one clinician (JS) between 2006 and 2016...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Carl Heneghan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: BMJ Evid Based Med
Kamal Mahtani, Elizabeth A Spencer, Jon Brassey, Carl Heneghan
This article is part of a series featured from the Catalogue of Bias introduced in this volume of BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine that describes biases and outlines their potential impact in research studies. Observer bias is systematic discrepancy from the truth during the process of observing and recording information for a study. Many healthcare observations are at risk of this bias. Evidence shows that treatment effect estimates can be exaggerated by a third to two-thirds in the presence of observer bias in outcome assessment...
February 2018: BMJ Evid Based Med
David Nunan, Jeffrey Aronson, Clare Bankhead
This article is part of a series of articles featuring the Catalogue of Bias introduced in this volume of BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine that describes attrition bias and outlines its potential impact on research studies and the preventive steps to minimise its risk. Attrition bias is a type of selection bias due to systematic differences between study groups in the number and the way participants are lost from a study. Differences between people who leave a study and those who continue, particularly between study groups, can be the reason for any observed effect and not the intervention itself...
February 2018: BMJ Evid Based Med
David Nunan, Carl Heneghan, Elizabeth A Spencer
This article is part of a series of articles featuring the Catalogue of Bias introduced in this volume of BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine that describes allocation bias and outlines its potential impact on research studies and the preventive steps to minimise its risk. Allocation bias is a type of selection bias and is relevant to clinical trials of interventions. Knowledge of interventions prior to group allocation can result in systematic differences in important characteristics that could influence study findings...
February 2018: BMJ Evid Based Med
Richard Hurley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Florence Bénard, Alan N Barkun, Myriam Martel, Daniel von Renteln
AIM: To summarize and compare worldwide colorectal cancer (CRC) screening recommendations in order to identify similarities and disparities. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, CENTRAL and ISI Web of knowledge identifying all average-risk CRC screening guideline publications within the last ten years and/or position statements published in the last 2 years. In addition, a hand-search of the webpages of National Gastroenterology Society websites, the National Guideline Clearinghouse, the BMJ Clinical Evidence website, Google and Google Scholar was performed...
January 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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