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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918414/a-protocol-of-a-cross-sectional-study-evaluating-an-online-tool-for-early-career-peer-reviewers-assessing-reports-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#1
Anthony Chauvin, David Moher, Doug Altman, David L Schriger, Sabina Alam, Sally Hopewell, Daniel R Shanahan, Alessandro Recchioni, Philippe Ravaud, Isabelle Boutron
INTRODUCTION: Systematic reviews evaluating the impact of interventions to improve the quality of peer review for biomedical publications highlighted that interventions were limited and have little impact. This study aims to compare the accuracy of early career peer reviewers who use an innovative online tool to the usual peer reviewer process in evaluating the completeness of reporting and switched primary outcomes in completed reports. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a cross-sectional study of individual two-arm parallel-group randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in the BioMed Central series medical journals, BMJ, BMJ Open and Annals of Emergency Medicine and indexed with the publication type 'Randomised Controlled Trial'...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916517/bmj-papers-on-ear-growth-and-didgeridoo-for-sleep-apnea-win-ig-nobel-awards
#2
Janice Hopkins Tanne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898961/the-economic-impact-of-workplace-wellness-programmes-in-canada
#3
J C Jacobs, E Yaquian, S M Burke, M Rouse, G Zaric
Background: The economic benefits of workplace wellness programmes (WWPs) are commonly cited as a reason for employers to implement such programmes; however, there is limited evidence outside of the US context exploring their economic impact. US evidence is less relevant in countries such as Canada with universal publicly funded health systems because of the lower potential employer savings from WWPs. Aims: To conduct a systematic review of the Canadian literature investigating the economic impact of WWPs from an employer perspective...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893759/values-and-preferences-of-women-living-with-hiv-who-are-pregnant-postpartum-or-considering-pregnancy-on-choice-of-antiretroviral-therapy-during-pregnancy
#4
Lyubov Lytvyn, Reed A Siemieniuk, Sophie Dilmitis, Allyson Ion, Yaping Chang, Malgorzata M Bala, Veena Manja, Reza Mirza, Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Hassan Mir, Laura Banfield, Per Olav Vandvik, Susan Bewley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate women's values and preferences regarding antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy to inform a BMJ Rapid Recommendation. SETTING: Primary studies reporting patient-reported outcomes relevant to decision-making regarding ART in any clinical and geographical setting. PARTICIPANTS: Women living with HIV who are pregnant, postpartum or considering pregnancy. OUTCOME MEASURES: Quantitative measurements and qualitative descriptions of values and preferences in relation to ART during pregnancy...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842548/thank-you-to-our-reviewers-2016
#5
Bmj Production
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831894/should-patients-complete-the-course
#6
Matt Griffiths
In a recent article in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), a group of experts including infectious disease specialists and microbiologists discussed whether patients should stop taking antibiotics when they feel better.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768629/gripp2-reporting-checklists-tools-to-improve-reporting-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-research
#7
S Staniszewska, J Brett, I Simera, K Seers, C Mockford, S Goodlad, D G Altman, D Moher, R Barber, S Denegri, A Entwistle, P Littlejohns, C Morris, R Suleman, V Thomas, C Tysall
Background While the patient and public involvement (PPI) evidence base has expanded over the past decade, the quality of reporting within papers is often inconsistent, limiting our understanding of how it works, in what context, for whom, and why.Objective To develop international consensus on the key items to report to enhance the quality, transparency, and consistency of the PPI evidence base. To collaboratively involve patients as research partners at all stages in the development of GRIPP2.Methods The EQUATOR method for developing reporting guidelines was used...
August 2, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757260/comparison-between-publicly-accessible-publications-registries-and%C3%A2-protocols-of-phase-iii-trials-indicated-persistence-of-selective-outcome%C3%A2-reporting
#8
Sheng Zhang, Fei Liang, Wenfeng Li
OBJECTIVES: The decision to make protocols of phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) publicly accessible by leading journals was a landmark event in clinical trial reporting. Here, we compared primary outcomes defined in protocols with those in publications describing the trials and in trial registration. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We identified phase III RCTs published between January 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015, in The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and The BMJ with available protocols...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724698/acute-achilles-tendon-rupture
#9
Dishan Singh
This is one of a series of occasional articles highlighting conditions that may be more common than many doctors realise or may be missed at first presentation. The series advisers are Anthony Harnden, professor of primary care, Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, and Richard Lehman, general practitioner, Banbury. To suggest a topic for this series, please email us at practice@bmj.com.
August 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694738/-can-you-keep-it-real-practical-and-culturally-tailored-lifestyle-recommendations-by-mexican-american-women-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#10
Sandra Benavides-Vaello, Sharon A Brown, Roxanne Vandermause
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to engage clinicians in a dialogue about ideas on how to provide more specific, contextually relevant, practical and culturally tailored diabetes self-management recommendations as suggested by Mexican-American women diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Current diabetes self-management recommendations, targeting Mexican Americans in particular, remain largely broad ("reduce your calorie intake" or "cut back on carbs"), overly ambitious ("stop eating tortillas"), and relatively ineffective (Svedbo Engström et al...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667229/corticosteroids-in-sepsis-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#11
Bram Rochwerg, Simon Oczkowski, Reed Alexander Siemieniuk, Kusum Menon, Wojciech Szczeklik, Shane English, Thomas Agoritsas, Emilie Belley-Cote, Frédérick D'Aragon, Waleed Alhazzani, Erick Duan, Kira Gossack-Keenan, Jon Sevransky, Per Vandvik, Bala Venkatesh, Gordon Guyatt, Djillali Annane
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is associated with a dysregulated host response to infection and impaired endogenous corticosteroid metabolism. As such, therapeutic use of exogenous corticosteroids is a promising adjunctive intervention. Despite a large number of trials examining this research question, uncertainty persists regarding the effect of corticosteroids on survival in sepsis. Several large randomised controlled trials have been published recently prompting a re-evaluation of the available literature...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618323/a-systematic-review-of-trends-in-the-selective-exclusion-of-older-participant-from-randomised-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Miriam Thake, Andrew Lowry
INTRODUCTION: The unjustified exclusion of older participants from clinical trials creates research populations that are non-representative, in turn creating difficulties applying research to the target populations. The aim of this study was to assess the proportion of randomised control trials (RCTs) that have unexplained upper age limits and review whether this proportion is reducing over time. METHODS: All RCTs in BMJ, Lancet, JAMA and NEJM from 1998 to 2015 were reviewed to identify any specified upper-age cut off and, if so, whether this exclusion criterion had an explanation in the text...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570411/review-of-medical-error-the-third-leading-cause-of-death-in-the-us-by-makary-ma-and-daniel-m-in-bmj-353-i2139-2016
#13
Kristina P Marsack, Larry H Hollier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495819/knee-arthroscopy-versus-conservative-management-in-patients-with-degenerative-knee-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Gordon H Guyatt, Rachelle Buchbinder, Rudolf W Poolman, Stefan Schandelmaier, Yaping Chang, Behnam Sadeghirad, Nathan Evaniew, Per O Vandvik
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects and complications of arthroscopic surgery compared with conservative management strategies in patients with degenerative knee disease. DESIGN: Systematic review. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain, function, adverse events. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Google Scholar and Open Grey up to August 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: For effects, randomised clinical trials (RCTs) comparing arthroscopic surgery with a conservative management strategy (including sham surgery) in patients with degenerative knee disease...
May 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495818/application-of-minimal-important-differences-in-degenerative-knee-disease-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-case-study-to-inform-bmj-rapid-recommendations
#15
Tahira Devji, Gordon H Guyatt, Lyubov Lytvyn, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Farid Foroutan, Behnam Sadeghirad, Rachelle Buchbinder, Rudolf W Poolman, Ian A Harris, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Reed A C Siemieniuk, Per O Vandvik
OBJECTIVES: To identify the most credible anchor-based minimal important differences (MIDs) for patient important outcomes in patients with degenerative knee disease, and to inform BMJ Rapid Recommendations for arthroscopic surgery versus conservative management DESIGN: Systematic review. OUTCOME MEASURES: Estimates of anchor-based MIDs, and their credibility, for knee symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO...
May 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485238/premature-babies-benefit-from-corticosteroids-before-birth
#16
(no author information available yet)
Giving mothers at risk of preterm delivery corticosteroid drugs from as early as 23 weeks of pregnancy is associated with a lower rate of death and serious illness for their babies, according to study published by the BMJ.
May 9, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473369/the-bmj-awards-2017-outstanding-contribution-to-health
#17
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428176/the-bmj-awards-2017-mental-health
#18
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420638/the-bmj-awards-2017-cardiology
#19
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420294/smart-recognising-the-value-of-existing-practice-and-introducing-recent-developments-leaving-no-stone-unturned-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-the-pdoc-patient
#20
H Gill-Thwaites, K E Elliott, R Munday
Over the last 25 years there have been a number of papers highlighting the issues of high rates of misdiagnosis in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC) (Andrews, K., Murphy, L., Munday, R., & Littlewood, C. (1996). Misdiagnosis of the vegetative state: Retrospective study in a rehabilitation unit. BMJ, 313(7048), 13-16; Childs, N. L., Mercer, W. N., & Childs, H. W. (1993). Accuracy of diagnosis of persistent vegetative state. Neurology, 43(8), 1465-1467). Surprisingly, these rates still remain at the same level despite defined criteria for diagnosis (Schnakers, C...
April 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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