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Anisa Rowhani-Farid, Adrian G Barnett
OBJECTIVE: To quantify data sharing trends and data sharing policy compliance at the British Medical Journal (BMJ) by analysing the rate of data sharing practices, and investigate attitudes and examine barriers towards data sharing. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The BMJ research archive. PARTICIPANTS: 160 randomly sampled BMJ research articles from 2009 to 2015, excluding meta-analysis and systematic reviews...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Open
Romain Rivoirard, Vianney Duplay, Mathieu Oriol, Fabien Tinquaut, Franck Chauvin, Nicolas Magne, Aurelie Bourmaud
BACKGROUND: Quality of reporting for Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) in oncology was analyzed in several systematic reviews, but, in this setting, there is paucity of data for the outcomes definitions and consistency of reporting for statistical tests in RCTs and Observational Studies (OBS). The objective of this review was to describe those two reporting aspects, for OBS and RCTs in oncology. METHODS: From a list of 19 medical journals, three were retained for analysis, after a random selection: British Medical Journal (BMJ), Annals of Oncology (AoO) and British Journal of Cancer (BJC)...
2016: PloS One
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Lun Li, Ferrán Catalá-López, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Jinhui Tian, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent, Dawid Pieper, Long Ge, Liang Yao, Quan Wang, Kehu Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Research collaborations in biomedical research have evolved over time. No studies have addressed research collaboration in network meta-analysis (NMA). In this study, we used social network analysis methods to characterize global collaboration patterns of published NMAs over the past decades. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched (at 9th July, 2015) to include systematic reviews incorporating NMA...
2016: PloS One
Reed A Siemieniuk, Thomas Agoritsas, Helen Macdonald, Gordon H Guyatt, Linn Brandt, Per O Vandvik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Farzaneh Agha-Hosseini, Nafiseh Sheykhbahaei, Maryam-Sadat SadrZadeh-Afshar
AIM: Many studies have suggested that a lesion originally diagnosed as oral lichen planus (OLP) has different possibilities of undergoing malignant transformation in time, although these findings remain a controversial issue; for example, some studies reported different values of potential malignancy of OLP. INTRODUCTION: World Health Organization (WHO) classifies OLP as a "potentially malignant disorder" with unspecified malignant transformation risk, and suggests that OLP patients should be closely monitored...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Richa Gangwar, Sarita Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: The main documented indication of intrapartum caesarean section is foetal distress (MacKenzie and Cooke in BMJ 323(7318):930, 2001). Foetal distress indicates foetal hypoxia and acidosis during intrauterine life. PURPOSE: To correlate the diagnosis of foetal distress and perinatal outcome. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of women who underwent caesarean section for foetal distress as detected by cardiotocography and not responding to intrauterine resuscitation...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
S Fielding, A Ogbuagu, S Sivasubramaniam, G MacLennan, C R Ramsay
PURPOSE: Missing data are a major problem in the analysis of data from randomised trials affecting power and potentially producing biased treatment effects. Specifically focussing on quality of life outcomes, we aimed to report the amount of missing data, whether imputation was used and what methods and was the missing mechanism discussed from four leading medical journals and compare the picture to our previous review nearly a decade ago. METHODS: A random selection (50 %) of all RCTS published during 2013-2014 in BMJ, JAMA, Lancet and NEJM was obtained...
September 20, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Pedro Câmara Pestana, Ana Rita Ramalho, Joana Revés
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Waheeb Al-Azzani, Danial Adam Maliq Mak, Paul Hodgson, Rhodri Williams
OBJECTIVES: We reproduced a frequently cited study that was published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) in 1981 assessing the extent of 'snow-and-ice' fractures during the winter period. SETTING: This study aims to provide an insight into how things have changed within the same emergency department (ED) by comparing the findings of the BMJ paper published 33 years ago with the present date. PARTICIPANTS: As per the original study, all patients presenting to the ED with a radiological evidence of fracture during three different 4-day periods were included...
September 14, 2016: BMJ Open
Chezhan Hall, Maria Murphy, Andrew Scanlon
BACKGROUND: Phase one cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an essential component of care for patients with coronary heart disease. With optimal program delivery, health outcomes can be improved. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an integrative review that explores Phase one CR for patients hospitalised with coronary heart disease. DESIGN: Integrative literature review (2003-2014) Data sources: The literature search included Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Experta Medica Database (EMBASE), Psycinfo, Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal, Cochrane Library, Clinical Evidence (BMJ) and Google Scholar...
September 7, 2016: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
(no author information available yet)
Weekly exercise rates should be five times higher than recommended, says a study published in the BMJ.
August 31, 2016: Nursing Standard
T K Frankena, J Naaldenberg, M Cardol, J V Meijering, G Leusink, H M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk
BACKGROUND: The British Medical Journal's (BMJ's) patient revolution strives for collaboration with patients in healthcare and health research. This paper studies collaboration with people with intellectual disabilities (ID) in health research, also known as inclusive health research. Currently, transparency and agreement among academics is lacking regarding its main aspects, preventing upscaling of the patient revolution. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to gain agreement among academics on 3 aspects of inclusive health research for people with ID: (1) designs and methods, (2) most important characteristics and (3) outcomes...
2016: BMJ Open
Kirsty Roberts, John Macleod, Chris Metcalfe, Joanne Simon, Jeremy Horwood, William Hollingworth, Sharon Marlowe, Fiona H Gordon, Peter Muir, Barbara Coleman, Peter Vickerman, Graham I Harrison, Cherry-Ann Waldron, William Irving, Matthew Hickman
BACKGROUND: Public Health England (PHE) estimates that there are upwards of 160,000 individuals in England and Wales with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, but until now only around 100,000 laboratory diagnoses have been reported to PHE and of these 28,000 have been treated. Targeted case-finding in primary care is estimated to be cost-effective; however, there has been no robust randomised controlled trial evidence available of specific interventions. Therefore, this study aims to develop and conduct a complex intervention within primary care and to evaluate this approach using a cluster randomised controlled trial...
2016: Trials
Meredith Hays, Mary Andrews, Ramey Wilson, David Callender, Patrick G O'Malley, Kevin Douglas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) for Abstracts by five high-impact general medical journals and to assess whether the quality of reporting was homogeneous across these journals. DESIGN: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Randomised controlled trial (RCT) abstracts in five high-impact general medical journals. PARTICIPANTS: We used up to 100 RCT abstracts published between 2011 and 2014 from each of the following journals: The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), the Annals of Internal Medicine (Annals IM), The Lancet, the British Medical Journal (The BMJ) and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)...
July 28, 2016: BMJ Open
Roberto Sorrentino, Maria Irene Di Mauro, Marco Ferrari, Renato Leone, Fernando Zarone
OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review aimed at assessing data from the literature on endodontic and prosthetic complications in endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber posts and single crowns (SCs) or fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Available randomized controlled clinical trials evaluating endodontic and prosthetic complications in the teeth treated with fiber posts and restored with different prosthetic restorations were reviewed...
September 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Olga Meulenbroek, Sarah O'Dwyer, Daan de Jong, Gerrita van Spijker, Sean Kennelly, Fiona Cregg, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Laila Abdullah, Anders Wallin, Cathal Walsh, Robert Coen, Rose Anne Kenny, Leslie Daly, Ricardo Segurado, Anne Borjesson-Hanson, Fiona Crawford, Michael Mullan, Ugo Lucca, Rita Banzi, Florence Pasquier, Laetitia Breuilh, Matthias Riepe, Janos Kalman, William Molloy, Magda Tsolaki, Robert Howard, Jessica Adams, Siobhan Gaynor, Brian Lawlor
INTRODUCTION: In conjunction with the NILVAD trial, a European Multicentre Double-Blind Placebo Controlled trial of Nilvadipine in Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD), there are four NILVAD substudies in which eligible NILVAD patients are also invited to participate. The main NILVAD protocol was previously published in BMJ Open (2014). The objectives of the NILVAD substudies are to determine whether frailty, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), blood biomarker profile and Apolipoprotein E (APOE) status predict response to Nilvadipine, and to investigate the effect of Nilvadipine on cerebral blood flow and blood biomarkers...
2016: BMJ Open
Adriaan Louw, Ina Diener, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of sham surgery in orthopedics by conducting a systematic review of literature. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted on Biomed Central,, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, NLM Central Gateway, OVID, ProQuest (Digital Dissertations), PsycInfo, PubMed/Medline, ScienceDirect and Web of Science. Secondary searching (PEARLing) was undertaken, whereby reference lists of the selected articles were reviewed for additional references not identified in the primary search...
July 11, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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