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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734269/crime-scene-reconstruction-sex-prediction-from-blood-stained-foot-sole-impressions
#1
Nabanita Basu, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay
It is often difficult to predict the sex of an individual based on bloody incomplete footprints. However, such prints/impressions are particularly common in a crime scene. Again variability in the texture, color of the target surface has an impact on the bloodstained impression formed. The study of bare foot, footprint, footwear (i.e. shoe, canvas etc.) within the legal context is referred to as forensic podiatry. Based on the fact that it is possible to predict the sex of an individual from footprint impressions, an automated model has been proposed in this paper for analyzing the sex of an individual from his/her broken/incomplete footprint impressions based on morphological features alone...
June 26, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732837/immune-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-clinical-presentation-and-outcome
#2
Silvia Quadrelli, Diana Dubinsky, Marco Solis, Demelza Yucra, Marcos Hernández, Hugo Karlen, Alejandro Brigante
BACKGROUND: Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is a manifestation of several immune and nonimmune diseases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the clinical characteristics and short-term outcomes of patients with immune-mediated DAH requiring hospital admission. METHODS: A retrospective study from December 2010 to December 2015, was conducted by analyzing the clinical records of 39 patients with DAH with a proven immunological origin...
August 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726627/mucus-activatable-shiga-toxin-genotype-stx2d-in-escherichia-coli-o157-h7
#3
Sergio Sánchez, María Teresa Llorente, Laura Herrera-León, Raquel Ramiro, Sandra Nebreda, María Antonia Remacha, Silvia Herrera-León
We identified the mucus-activatable Shiga toxin genotype stx2d in the most common hemolytic uremic syndrome-associated Escherichia coli serotype, O157:H7. stx2d was detected in a strain isolated from a 2-year-old boy with bloody diarrhea in Spain, and whole-genome sequencing was used to confirm and fully characterize the strain.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725309/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-chronic-diarrhea
#4
Umair Iqbal, Ahmad Chaudhary, Muhammad Arsalan Karim, Hafsa Anwar, Nancy Merrell
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is a rare non-hereditary disease characterized by chronic diarrhea, diffuse intestinal polyposis and onychodystrophy. We present here a case of a middle-aged female who presented with chronic intermittent bloody diarrhea associated alopecia and loss of finger and toe nails. Labs were remarkable for microcytic anemia and severe hypoalbuminemia. Endoscopy showed numerous polyps scattered throughout the colon. She was treated with nutritional support and corticosteroid with complete resolution of her symptoms and endoscopic findings...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721511/molecular-and-phylogenetic-characterization-of-bovine-coronavirus-virus-isolated-from-dairy-cattle-in-central-region-thailand
#5
Kanokwan Singasa, Taweesak Songserm, Preeda Lertwatcharasarakul, Pipat Arunvipas
Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is involved mainly in enteric infections in cattle. This study reports the first molecular detection of BCoV in a diarrhea outbreak in dairy cows in the Central Region, Thailand. BCoV was molecularly detected from bloody diarrheic cattle feces by using nested PCR. Agarose gel electrophoresis of three diarrheic fecal samples yielded from the 25 samples desired amplicons that were 488 base pairs and sequencing substantiated that have BCoV. The sequence alignment indicated that nucleotide and amino acid sequences, the three TWD isolated in Thailand, were more quite homologous to each other (amino acid at position 39 of TWD1, TWD3 was proline, but TWD2 was serine) and closely related to OK-0514-3strain (virulent respiratory strain; RBCoV)...
July 18, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711548/experience-with-specially-designed-pored-polyacetal-mold-dressing-method-used-in-mcindoe-style-vaginoplasty
#6
So-Eun Han, Ju Young Go, Doo Seok Choi, Gi Hong Seo, So Young Lim
INTRODUCTION: Appropriate postoperative care and prolonged use of the mold are prerequisites for achieving successful results in McIndoe-style vaginoplasty. OBJECTIVE: We introduce a specially designed pored polyacetal mold to maintain the reconstructed vagina, with favorable long-term results allowing drainage of the serous and bloody discharge without removal of the mold, and reduction of infection rate and the chance of skin graft shearing in McIndoe vaginoplasty...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709556/intussusception-among-children-less-than-2years-of-age-findings-from-pre-vaccine-introduction-surveillance-in-pakistan
#7
Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Rozina Thobani, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Nasir Saddal, Catherine Yen, Negar Aliabadi, Syed Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccination introduction in routine immunization is under consideration in Pakistan. Data on the baseline epidemiology of intussusception will inform surveillance strategies for intussusception after rotavirus vaccine introduction in Pakistan. We describe the epidemiology of intussusception-associated hospitalizations among children <2years of age in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review for July 01, 2012 through June 30, 2015 at the National Institute of Child Health (NICH) and Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) Karachi...
July 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706619/kawasaki-disease-presenting-with-bloody-diarrhea-and-acute-renal-failure-first-case
#8
Mary Jacqueline Saviour, Sam Hassan
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis of an unknown cause. It affects children <5 year of age, even if cases over 5 years old have been also reported. It is the commonest cause of acquired heart diseases in children which may lead to serious morbidity and mortality. The complications and mortality increase when the diagnosis is delayed. One of the main reasons leading to delayed diagnosis and consequent delayed treatment is the unusual presentation of KD. Its unusual manifestations have been increasingly reported to jeopardize the timely diagnosis and proper treatment...
June 26, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705308/primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-with-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinemia-presenting-as-unilateral-bloody-pleural-effusion
#9
Yasuhiko Koga, Kazuhiko Uchiyama Md, Norifumi Tsukamoto Md PhD, Nobuyuki Shibusawa Md PhD, Mitsuyoshi Utsugi Md PhD, Satoru Kakizaki Md PhD, Junko Hirato Md PhD, Kunio Dobashi Md PhD, Takeshi Hisada Md PhD, Masanobu Yamada Md PhD
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702956/interventions-for-treating-lymphocytic-colitis
#10
REVIEW
Nilesh Chande, Noor Al Yatama, Tania Bhanji, Tran M Nguyen, John Wd McDonald, John K MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Lymphocytic colitis is a cause of chronic diarrhea. It is a subtype of microscopic colitis characterized by chronic, watery, non-bloody diarrhea and normal endoscopic and radiologic findings. The etiology of this disorder is unknown.Therapy is based mainly on case series and uncontrolled trials, or by extrapolation of data for treating collagenous colitis, a related disorder. This review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of treatments for clinically active lymphocytic colitis...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698415/-surgical-repair-for-blunt-cardiac-rupture
#11
Noriyoshi Yashiki, Tsuyoshi Yachi, Tomohiko Takahashi
Blunt cardiac injury is a life-threatening condition. We report 3 successful cases in which we performed surgery for blunt cardiac injury. Three individuals were injured, 2 in traffic accidents and the other being caught between a crane and a steel frame. Echocardiograms and computed tomography scans revealed pooling of bloody pericardial fluid in all 3 patients, who underwent emergency surgery. Two patients needed sutures to control persistent bleeding. Although a heart-lung machine was prepared at the start of surgery in all 3 cases, we did not need to use it for any patient...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693056/-the-clinical-characteristics-of-pulmonary-benign-metastasizing-leiomyoma
#12
H P Wang, J H Shi, L Zhang
Objective: Pulmonary benign metastasizing leiomyoma (PBML) is a rare entity that leiomyoma of uterus metastasized to the lung. The clinical characteristics of this rare disease were analyzed in this article. Methods: The detailed clinical records of 7 patients diagnosed as PBML at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2001 and June 2015 were reviewed. Results: All patients were women with median age of 44 years (range 28-62). Symptoms included dyspnea (2/7), chest pain (1/7), cyanosis (1/7), cough (1/7) and bloody sputum (1/7), while 4/7 cases were asymptomatic...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690881/small-intestinal-pro-inflammatory-immune-responses-following-campylobacter-jejuni-infection-of-secondary-abiotic-il-10-mice-lacking-nucleotide-oligomerization-domain-2
#13
Markus M Heimesaat, Ursula Grundmann, Marie E Alutis, André Fischer, Stefan Bereswill
Host immune responses are crucial for combating enteropathogenic infections including Campylobacter jejuni. Within 1 week following peroral C. jejuni infection, secondary abiotic IL-10(-/-) mice develop severe immunopathological sequelae affecting the colon (ulcerative enterocolitis). In the present study, we addressed whether pathogen-induced pro-inflammatory immune responses could also be observed in the small intestines dependent on the innate receptor nucleotide-oligomerization-domain-protein 2 (Nod2). Within 7 days following peroral infection, C...
June 2017: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688828/epidemiology-clinical-features-and-microbiology-of-patients-with-diarrhea-in-community-clinics-in-taiwan
#14
Chih-Yu Chi, Li-Na Liao, Cheng-Mao Ho, Chia-Huei Chou, Mao-Wang Ho, Jen-Hsein Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and microbiology of patients with diarrheal diseases in Taiwan. METHODS: From March 2014 to October 2014, patients with diarrheal diseases referred from the community clinics were enrolled into our prospective study. Demographics and clinical features of the participants were acquired. Stool samples were examined by the Luminex Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel assay. Data were analyzed by SAS version 9.4. RESULTS: A total of 545 patients were enrolled into this study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687951/approach-to-upset-stomach
#15
Rishi Bolia
An "Upset stomach" is a common problem encountered by physicians involved in the care of children. It includes, diarrhea, vomiting or abdominal pain. Though often mild and self-limiting, at times there are uncommon life-threatening conditions that require urgent care. It is important for primary physicians to recognize "alarm signs" and make a referral to the specialist at the right time. At the same time it is important to recognize what is normal and re-assure the caregivers. A detailed history and a proper systemic examination are important at presentation, looking for any "red flags"...
July 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682012/collagenous-colitis-presenting-with-skip-lesions-mimicking-crohn-s-disease-and-complicated-by-intestinal-obstruction
#16
Chee K Hui, N Kit Hui
Microscopic colitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that traditionally affects the large intestine. It is characterized by frequent episodic non-bloody watery diarrhea. Occasionally, microscopic colitis may present with abdominal pain, fecal incontinence and weight loss.
July 6, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682002/laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-after-whitehead-s-hemorrhoidectomy-a-case-report
#17
Yoshihiro Takemoto, Eijiro Harada, Yuriko Takeuchi, Daichi Kawamura, Yuuki Suehiro, Naruji Kugimiya, Kimikazu Hamano
A 65-year-old man presented with bloody stool. Colonoscopy revealed a raised tumor in the rectum, above the peritoneal reflection. He underwent endoscopic mucosal resection, but the pathological findings suggested the possibility of residual cancer. We performed laparoscopic low anterior resection using a circular stapling instrument for additional curative surgery. However, we could not insert the shaft of the endoscopic circular stapler from the anus because of anal stenosis due to Whitehead's hemorrhoidectomy the patient had undergone 20 years earlier...
July 6, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675198/the-bloody-moloch-osler-and-van-helmont-on-bloodletting
#18
I M Donaldson
In a passage on the treatment of pneumonia, Osler quoted van Helmont's remark that 'a bloody Moloch presides in the chairs of medicine'. This paper explores Helmont's use of 'Moloch' as a term of abuse against the bloodletting of traditional Galenist physicians and his vigorous opposition to the use of bleeding in treating diseases. The possible reasons for Helmont's opposition to the practice of bloodletting are discussed, leading to the conclusion that it arose from his theories of the origin of diseases, reinforced by some observations of its malign effects on a patient who had been bled excessively...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674360/diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-induced-by-irinotecan-for-a-patient-with-metastatic-thymic-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Sung-Ho Kim, Seigo Minami, Yoshitaka Ogata, Suguru Yamamoto, Kiyoshi Komuta
We herein report a 73-year-old Japanese woman with metastatic thymic carcinoma who developed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) during irinotecan chemotherapy. She presented with a mild fever and exertional dyspnea after the second cycle of weekly irinotecan monotherapy. Chest images showed diffuse ground-glass opacities. The diagnosis of DAH was based on the findings of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, which was bloody and contained hemosiderin-laden macrophages. The discontinuation of irinotecan and introduction of oral prednisolone improved her symptoms and chest abnormal shadows...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674264/a-rare-case-of-ulcerative-colitis-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#20
Shuhei Fukunaga, Hidetoshi Takedatsu, Keiichi Mitsuyama, Takuji Torimura
Concomitant association of histologically proven inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a rare finding documented in only 5 adult clinical cases. A 34-year-old woman with known neurofibromatosis was admitted to our department with a 6-month history of intractable bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain. After a thorough clinical examination and paraclinical assessments, including colonoscopy and biopsy, ulcerative colitis (UC) was confirmed as the cause of gastrointestinal bleeding...
July 3, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
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