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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336911/-detection-and-characterization-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-in-children-treated-at-an-inter-zonal-pediatric-hospital-in-the-city-of-la-plata
#1
Sebastián Oderiz, Gerardo A Leotta, Lucía Galli
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a foodborne pathogen that can cause watery diarrhea, bloody diarrhea (BD), and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The objective of this study was to determine the phenotypic and genotypic profiles of STEC strains isolated from children with BD and HUS treated at a pediatric hospital in the city of La Plata in the period 2006-2012, and to establish the clonal relationship of O157:H7 isolates by pulsed field electrophoresis. The percentage of positive samples was 4...
January 11, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322641/case-of-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy-for-ascending-colon-cancer-after-aortic-graft-replacement-and-revascularization-of-the-superior-mesenteric-artery
#2
Kiyotaka Hagihara, Hidekazu Takahashi, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
A 67-year-old man who presented with a bloody stool was diagnosed with ascending colon cancer. He had previously experienced thoracic and abdominal aortic dissections, which were treated with thoracic and abdominal aortic grafts and superior mesenteric artery revascularization. We performed a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with a D3 lymph node dissection. During the laparotomy, we identified the superior mesenteric artery and an enlarged anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. Injury to the latter artery could lead to severe ischemia in multiple organs; therefore, it was crucial to identify the primary feeding artery and vascular anatomy before and during surgery...
January 11, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321935/desquamative-interstitial-pneumonia-complicated-by-diffuse-alveolar-haemorrhage
#3
Ayako Matsuo, Nobuhiro Matsumoto, Akiko Kitamura, Hironobu Tsubouchi, Shigehisa Yanagi, Masamitsu Nakazato
We report a rare case of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH). A 56-year-old man diagnosed with DIP by surgical lung biopsy 2 years ago was admitted to our hospital because of severe acute respiratory failure. The DIP had progressed despite smoking cessation. On admission, the patient appeared extremely ill, and physical examination revealed respiratory distress. The patient required mechanical ventilation. High-resolution computed tomography showed diffuse ground glass opacity in both lungs...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321932/acute-onset-of-ulcerative-colitis-during-chemoradiotherapy-for-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-positive-lung-adenocarcinoma
#4
Kohei Fujita, Yoshinori Mizumoto, Koki Moriyoshi, Norio Araki, Tadashi Mio
We report a case of acute onset of ulcerative colitis (UC) during chemoradiotherapy in a patient with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lung adenocarcinoma. A 46-year-old male patient with an abnormal chest shadow was referred to our hospital. He was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma, clinical stage T1aN3M0 and stage IIIB. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy was selected for his initial therapy. After two cycles of cisplatin and vinorelbine administration, he experienced persistent diarrhoea and anorexia...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310978/bowel-and-urinary-quality-of-life-after-whole-pelvic-versus-prostate-only-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#5
Kentaro Ishii, Toshiko Yamanaga, Ryo Ogino, Yukinari Hosokawa, Shun Kishimoto, Ryuta Nakahara, Chiaki Shimada, Ryu Kawamorita, Takuhito Tada, Yoshiki Hayashi, Toshifumi Nakajima
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare bowel and urinary health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between prostate-only (PO) volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and whole-pelvis (WP) VMAT in patients with localized prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 234 patients treated with definitive VMAT to 78 Gy in 39 fractions were enrolled. Of these, 108 patients received PO-VMAT and 126 patients received initial WP-VMAT to 46.8 Gy in 26 fractions using a simultaneous integrated boost technique...
November 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309479/painful-jaw-lesion
#6
Delwyn Zj Lim, Hua-Liang J Lim
A 48-year-old Chinese woman was referred to our center with a 7-month history of a painful lesion on her left jaw that had been gradually increasing in size. The patient noted occasional purulent and bloody discharge from the lesion. She denied having a toothache. An examination revealed an erythematous nodule with perilesional puckering superior to the left body of the mandible, measuring 7 × 8 mm, with no discharge or surrounding inflammation. There was no cervical lymphadenopathy. WHAT IS YOUR DIAGNOSIS? HOW WOULD YOU TREAT THIS PATIENT?...
January 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308520/-study-on-hepatitis-b-virus-in-saliva-of-dental-patients
#7
Ya-Ping Zhu, Jian-Qing Guo
PURPOSE: To compare the detection rate of HBV antigens in different samples, and to explore the significance of saliva transmission in the spread of HBV. METHODS: Eight hundred and ninety-one ordinary saliva samples, 578 bloody saliva samples and 450 serum samples of dental patients were collected from Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital and Dahua Hospital, and HBsAg, HBsAb, HBeAg, HBeAb and HBcAb were detected by ELISA method. SPSS19.0 software package was used for chi-square test...
October 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307929/breast-imaging-in-patients-with-nipple-discharge
#8
REVIEW
Ivie Braga de Paula, Adriene Moraes Campos
Nipple discharge is a common symptom in clinical practice, representing the third leading breast complaint, after pain and lumps. It is usually limited and has a benign etiology. The risk of malignancy is higher when the discharge is uniductal, unilateral, spontaneous, persistent, bloody, or serous, as well as when it is accompanied by a breast mass. The most common causes of pathologic nipple discharge are papilloma and ductal ectasia. However, there is a 5% risk of malignancy, mainly ductal carcinoma in situ...
November 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302647/detection-of-canine-parvovirus-antigen-in-dogs-in-kumasi-ghana
#9
R D Folitse, D O Kodie, E Amemor, D Dei, W Tasiame, V Burimuah, B O Emikpe
Background: Canine Parvovirus (CPV) in dogs has been documented in many countries. However, evidence of the infection is scanty in Ghana. This study was conducted to detect canine parvovirus antigen in dogs presented with diarrhoea to the Government Veterinary Clinic in Kumasi, Ghana. Materials and Methods: Faecal samples from 72 dogs presented with diarrhoea were tested for the presence of canine parvovirus antigen using commercially available rapid test kit (BIT® Rapid Colour Canine Parvovirus Ag Test Kit, BIOINDIST Co...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300019/a-bloody-brake-on-myelin-repair
#10
Klaus-Armin Nave, Hannelore Ehrenreich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299102/complicated-gastric-duplication-cyst-in-an-adult-patient-uncommon-presentation-of-an-uncommon-disease
#11
Mohamad Abdalkader, Sacha Al Hassan, Alaa Taha, Irina Nica
Gastric duplication cyst is a very rare congenital anomaly accounting up to 4% of all gastrointestinal tract duplications. It is a quite rare anomaly in adults, the majority of the cases are diagnosed in the neonatal period. Gastric duplication cysts are usually asymptomatic or they do present with non-specific symptoms. They are usually discovered incidentally during endoscopy or laparotomy or very rarely after getting complicated. We describe herein, along with literature review, a case of an adult patient who presented with abdominal pain and bloody vomiting and turned out to have a gastric duplication cyst complicated by internal bleeding...
August 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297368/the-bloody-mess-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion
#12
REVIEW
Susilo Chandra, Hrishikesh Kulkarni, Martin Westphal
Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion might be life-saving in settings with acute blood loss, especially uncontrolled haemorrhagic shock. However, there appears to be a catch-22 situation reflected by the facts that preoperative anaemia represents an independent risk factor for postoperative morbidity and mortality, and that RBC transfusion might also contribute to adverse clinical outcomes. This dilemma is further complicated by the difficulty to define the "best" transfusion trigger and strategy. Since one size does obviously not fit all, a personalised approach is merited...
December 28, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290506/thigh-emphysema-as-the-initial-presentation-of-colon-ischemia
#13
Chin-Chuan Hsu, Ping-Yuan Chen, Chih-Cheng Lai
The incidence of colon ischemia has increased in recent years, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The typical presentations of colon ischemia include abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, and in severe case, ileus, fever and peritonitis. Here, we document a rare case of colon ischemia presenting with subcutaneous and intramuscular emphysema of the thigh. A 76-year-old woman presented to the emergency department for left thigh pain for three days. Physical examination revealed tenderness without obvious crepitus, erythema or swelling over the left groin area and a soft abdomen without tenderness...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289797/survey-on-medicinal-plants-traditionally-used-in-senegal-for-the-treatment-of-tuberculosis-tb-and-assessment-of-their-antimycobacterial-activity
#14
ElHadji Assane Diop, Emerson Ferreira Queiroz, Sébastien Kicka, Serge Rudaz, Tahir Diop, Thierry Soldati, Jean-Luc Wolfender
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In West Africa, populations are used to taking traditional medicine as a first aid against common health problems. In this aspect, many plants are claimed to be effective in the treatment of Tuberculosis (TB), which according to the World Health Organization (WHO) remains one of the world's deadliest communicable diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: The main aim of this study was to identify plants used to treat TB-symptoms by the population of Senegal and to evaluate their possible concomitant use with clinically approved TB-drugs...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285161/hemorrhagic-pleural-effusion-related-to-acquired-coagulation-factor-viii-deficiency-a-case-report
#15
Yu-Ping Liu, Xiang-Hua Lin, Xue-Ke Wang, Shang-Zhi Yang, Chang-Qing Fan
A patient with acquired hemophilia A (AHA) with hemorrhagic pericardial effusions was admitted to Xiamen Chang Gung Hospital (Xiamen, China) in August 2015. The patient had been experiencing progressive dyspnea for 1 week. Bloody effusion (~6.3 l) was drained from the membrane surrounding the heart over a period of 20 days. Biochemical, cytological and radiological examinations were unable to elucidate the reason for the effusion. Coincidentally, it was discovered that activated partial thromboplastin time prolongation could not be corrected by plasma mixing...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280122/-establishment-of-nomogram-model-to-predict-peritoneal-metastasis-in-colon-cancer-patients-without-distant-metastasis-by-preoperative-imaging-examination
#16
Xiaojie Wang, Pan Chi, Huiming Lin, Xingrong Lu, Ying Huang, Zongbin Xu, Shenghui Huang, Yanwu Sun, Daoxiong Ye
OBJECTIVE: To establish a nomogram model to predict the peritoneal metastasis in colon cancer patients without distant metastasis by preoperative imaging examination. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of colon cancer patients without distant metastasis by preoperative imaging examination who underwent surgery in our department between January 2000 and December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Predictors of peritoneal carcinomatosis were analyzed by univariate and Logistic multivariate analyses...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279482/immune-related-colitis-induced-by-the-long-term-use-of-nivolumab-in-a-patient-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#17
Yuichiro Yasuda, Yoshiko Urata, Rie Tohnai, Shoichi Ito, Yoshitaka Kawa, Yuko Kono, Yoshihiro Hattori, Masahiro Tsuda, Toshiko Sakuma, Shunichi Negoro, Miyako Satouchi
We herein report a case of immune-related colitis induced by the long-term use of nivolumab. A 62-year-old Japanese man was treated with nivolumab at 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks for advanced lung adenocarcinoma. The patient was admitted to our hospital due to non-bloody watery diarrhea after the 70th dose of nivolumab. A biopsy specimen of the colon mucosa revealed evidence of colitis with cryptitis and crypt microabscesses. He was diagnosed with immune-related colitis and started on predonisolone 60 mg/day. Subsequently, his symptoms remarkably resolved...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275079/efficacy-and-safety-of-iodine-125-radioactive-seeds-brachytherapy-for-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Wenchao Zhang, Jiawei Li, Ran Li, Ying Zhang, Mingyong Han, Wei Ma
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety of 125I brachytherapy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Trials comparing 125I brachytherapy with chemotherapy in NSCLC were identified. Meta-analysis was performed to obtain pooled risk ratios for an overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR) and complications, and pooled hazard ratio for overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Fifteen studies including 1188 cases were included...
December 20, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274196/musculoskeletal-ultrasound-for-intra-articular-bleed-detection-a-highly-sensitive-imaging-modality-compared-to-conventional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
S Nguyen, X Lu, Y Ma, J Du, E Y Chang, A von Drygalski
BACKGROUND: There is increasing demand for musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSKUS) to detect hemophilic joint bleeding, but there is uncertainty regarding blood detection concentration thresholds or if magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more accurate. AIMS: Compare the sensitivity of blood detection by MSKUS and MRI. METHODS: Increasing blood concentrations in plasma were imaged with MSKUS and MRI 1-2 hours, 3-4 days and 7 days after blood withdrawal in vitro, and after injection into cadaveric pig joints...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272955/laribacter-hongkongensis-clinical-presentation-epidemiology-and-treatment-a-review-of-the-literature-and-report-of-the-first-case-in-denmark
#20
Anne Line Engsbro, Karen Leth Nielsen, Mads Hornum, Leif Percival Andersen
BACKGROUND: Laribacter hongkongensis is an emerging pathogen related to gastroenteritis that can cause invasive and even fatal disease. The aim of this review is to describe the clinical presentation, epidemiology, treatment options and implications for the clinical microbiology laboratory. METHODS: We searched Pubmed using the term Laribacter hongkongensis with limitations human and language English, and identified 35 publications with eight reports on human cases...
December 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases
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