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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091394/a-simple-bio-inspired-vehicle-collision-detection-system
#1
Manfred Hartbauer
Modern cars are equipped with both active and passive sensor systems that can detect potential collisions. In contrast, locusts avoid collisions solely by responding to certain visual cues that are associated with object looming. In neurophysiological experiments, I investigated the possibility that "collision-detector neurons��� of locusts respond to impending collisions in films recorded with dashboard cameras of fast driving cars. In a complementary modelling approach, I developed a simple algorithm to reproduce the neuronal response that was recorded during object approach...
January 16, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069359/monitoring-equity-in-vaccination-coverage-a-systematic-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-45-gavi-supported-countries
#2
Catherine Arsenault, Sam Harper, Arijit Nandi, José M Mendoza Rodríguez, Peter M Hansen, Mira Johri
OBJECTIVES: (1) To conduct a systematic analysis of inequalities in childhood vaccination coverage in Gavi-supported countries; (2) to comparatively assess alternative measurement approaches and how they may affect cross-country comparisons of the level of inequalities. METHODS: Using the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2014) in 45 Gavi-supported countries, we measured inequalities in vaccination coverage across seven dimensions of social stratification and of vulnerability to poor health outcomes...
January 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066820/hiv-care-providers-attitudes-regarding-mobile-phone-applications-and-web-based-dashboards-to-support-patient-self-management-and-care-coordination-results-from-a-qualitative-feasibility-study
#3
Dallas Swendeman, Shu Farmer, Deborah Mindry, Sung-Jae Lee, Melissa Medich
In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with healthcare providers (HCPs) from five HIV medical care coordination teams in a large Los Angeles County HIV clinic, including physicians, nurses, and psychosocial services providers. HCPs reported on the potential utility, acceptability, and barriers for patient self-monitoring and notifications via mobile phones, and web-based dashboards for HCPs. Potential benefits included: 1) enhancing patient engagement, motivation, adherence, and self-management; and 2) improving provider-patient relationships and HCP care coordination...
October 2016: Journal of HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060329/drug-repurposing-hypothesis-generation-using-the-re-fine-drugs-system
#4
Kelly Regan, Soheil Moosavinasab, Philip Payne, Simon Lin
The promise of drug repurposing is that existing drugs may be used for new disease indications in order to curb the high costs and time for approval. The goal of computational methods for drug repurposing is to enable solutions for safer, cheaper and faster drug discovery. Towards this end, we developed a novel method that integrates genetic and clinical phenotype data from large-scale GWAS and PheWAS studies with detailed drug information on the concept of transitive Drug-Gene-Disease triads. We created "RE:fine Drugs," a freely available, interactive dashboard that automates gene, disease and drug-based searches to identify drug repurposing candidates...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048832/su-f-p-43-use-of-freeware-business-intelligence-software-to-trend-tg-142-compliant-linac-qa-parameters
#5
A Ayan, D DiCostanzo, J Woollard, N Gupta
PURPOSE: To develop a software platform to track linac QA parameter trends using readily available freeware business intelligence (BI) software METHODS: Spreadsheets were used to collect QA data by many, if not all, institutions; but the trending analysis with data from separate spreadsheets could be a cumbersome task. A freeware version of the Microsoft Power BI software was adapted to trend linac QA parameters to allow us to maintain nine dosimetrically equivalent linacs. A monthly QA spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel) has been used in our institution to collect QA data...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046572/tu-fg-201-09-predicting-accelerator-dysfunction
#6
C Able, C Nguyen, A Baydush, J Gersh, A Ndlovu, I Rebo, J Booth, M Perez, B Sintay, M Munley
PURPOSE: To develop an integrated statistical process control (SPC) framework using digital performance and component data accumulated within the accelerator system that can detect dysfunction prior to unscheduled downtime. METHODS: Seven digital accelerators were monitored for twelve to 18 months. The accelerators were operated in a 'run to failure mode' with the individual institutions determining when service would be initiated. Institutions were required to submit detailed service reports...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031303/mobile-based-nutrition-and-child-health-monitoring-to-inform-program-development-an-experience-from-liberia
#7
Agnes Guyon, Ariella Bock, Laura Buback, Barbara Knittel
BACKGROUND: Implementing complex nutrition and other public health projects and tracking nutrition interventions, such as women's diet and supplementation and infant and young child feeding practices, requires reliable routine data to identify potential program gaps and to monitor trends in behaviors in real time. However, current monitoring and evaluation practices generally do not create an environment for this real-time tracking. This article describes the development and application of a mobile-based nutrition and health monitoring system, which collected monitoring data on project activities, women's nutrition, and infant and young child feeding practices in real time...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011593/an-informatics-based-approach-to-reducing-heart-failure-all-cause-readmissions-the-stanford-heart-failure-dashboard
#8
Dipanjan Banerjee, Christine Thompson, Charlene Kell, Rajesh Shetty, Yohan Vetteth, Helene Grossman, Aria DiBiase, Michael Fowler
BACKGROUND: Reduction of 30-day all-cause readmissions for heart failure (HF) has become an important quality-of-care metric for health care systems. Many hospitals have implemented quality improvement programs designed to reduce 30-day all-cause readmissions for HF. Electronic medical record (EMR)-based measures have been employed to aid in these efforts, but their use has been largely adjunctive to, rather than integrated with, the overall effort. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that a comprehensive EMR-based approach utilizing an HF dashboard in addition to an established HF readmission reduction program would further reduce 30-day all-cause index hospital readmission rates for HF...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005564/usability-evaluation-and-implementation-of-a-health-information-technology-dashboard-of-evidence-based-quality-indicators
#9
Mark Christopher Schall, Laura Cullen, Priyadarshini Pennathur, Howard Chen, Keith Burrell, Grace Matthews
Health information technology dashboards that integrate evidence-based quality indicators can efficiently and accurately display patient risk information to promote early intervention and improve overall quality of patient care. We describe the process of developing, evaluating, and implementing a dashboard designed to promote quality care through display of evidence-based quality indicators within an electronic health record. Clinician feedback was sought throughout the process. Usability evaluations were provided by three nurse pairs and one physician from medical-surgical areas...
December 21, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005441/integrated-information-visualization-to-support-decision-making-in-order-to-strengthen-communities-design-and-usability-evaluation
#10
Puangrat Jinpon, Mullica Jaroensutasinee, Krisanadej Jaroensutasinee
Community well-being refers to the qualities of an optimally healthy community life. This is the ultimate goal of all the various processes and strategies created to meet the needs of people living together in communities. We propose a holistic integrated visualization, in the form of a community well-being assessment system, as a web-based advanced tool to be used by the executive and health officers of the sub-district administration organization (SAO) network to improve decision-making in order to strengthen their communities...
December 22, 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993751/call-to-balloon-time-dashboard-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-results-in-significant-improvement-of-the-logistic-chain
#11
Maaike P Hermans, Matthijs A Velders, Martin Smeekes, Olivier S Drexhage, Raymond W Hautvast, Timon Ytsma, Martin J Schalij, Victor A Umans
AIMS: Timely reperfusion with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients is associated with superior clinical outcomes. Aiming to reduce ischemic time, an innovative system for home-to-hospital (H2H) time monitoring was implemented, which enabled real-time evaluation of ischemic time intervals, regular feedback and improvements in the logistic chain. The objective of this study was to assess the results after implementation of the H2H dashboard for monitoring and evaluation of ischemic time in STEMI patients...
December 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989619/determinants-of-treatment-eligibility-in-veterans-with-hepatitis-c-viral-infection
#12
Janice Taylor, Sian Carr-Lopez, Amy Robinson, Robert Malmstrom, Karsten Duncan, Archana Maniar, A C Del Re, Jannet M Carmichael
PURPOSES: The objective of this study was to determine the percentage of veterans with active hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who were deemed to be candidates for treatment and to identify factors associated with treatment ineligibility. METHODS: This was a multisite, retrospective cohort analysis of veterans with HCV infection within the Veteran Integrated Service Network 21. Patients evaluated between August and November 2015 who were viremic and not receiving HCV treatment were included in the analysis...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987027/identifying-known-unknowns-using-the-us-epa-s-comptox-chemistry-dashboard
#13
Andrew D McEachran, Jon R Sobus, Antony J Williams
Chemical features observed using high-resolution mass spectrometry can be tentatively identified using online chemical reference databases by searching molecular formulae and monoisotopic masses and then rank-ordering of the hits using appropriate relevance criteria. The most likely candidate "known unknowns," which are those chemicals unknown to an investigator but contained within a reference database or literature source, rise to the top of a chemical list when rank-ordered by the number of associated data sources...
December 16, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979040/validation-of-an-automated-electronic-algorithm-and-dashboard-to-identify-and-characterize-decompensated-heart-failure-admissions-across-a-medical-center
#14
Zachary L Cox, Connie M Lewis, Pikki Lai, Daniel J Lenihan
BACKGROUND: We aim to validate the diagnostic performance of the first fully automatic, electronic heart failure (HF) identification algorithm and evaluate the implementation of an HF Dashboard system with 2 components: real-time identification of decompensated HF admissions and accurate characterization of disease characteristics and medical therapy. METHODS: We constructed an HF identification algorithm requiring 3 of 4 identifiers: B-type natriuretic peptide >400 pg/mL; admitting HF diagnosis; history of HF International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, diagnosis codes; and intravenous diuretic administration...
January 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976659/mobile-based-effective-vaccine-management-tool-an-m-health-initiative-implemented-by-unicef-in-bihar
#15
Preeti Negandhi, Monika Chauhan, Ankan Mukherjee Das, Sutapa B Neogi, Jyoti Sharma, Ghanashyam Sethy
BACKGROUND: UNICEF launched the mobile-based Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) system in Bihar in 2014 along with the state government to electronically capture information and identify gaps in the existing vaccine management system for appropriate action. OBJECTIVE: This study accessed the implementation process of this initiative. METHODS: Quantitative data related to vaccine supply chain management indicators were collected in November-December 2015 using factsheets and dashboards, representing the situation of the vaccine supply and cold chain management system at regular intervals since the launch...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964887/developing-a-dashboard-for-benchmarking-the-productivity-of-a-medication-therapy-management-program
#16
Audrey Umbreit, Emily Holm, Kelsey Gander, Kelsie Davis, Kristina Dittrich, Vanda Jandl, Laura Odell, Perry Sweeten
OBJECTIVES: To describe a method for internal benchmarking of medication therapy management (MTM) pharmacist activities. SETTING: Multisite MTM pharmacist practices within an integrated health care system. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: MTM pharmacists are located within primary care clinics and provide medication management through collaborative practice. MTM pharmacist activity is grouped into 3 categories: direct patient care, nonvisit patient care, and professional activities...
January 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943015/personalized-drug-dosage-closing-the-loop
#17
Geoffrey T Tucker
A brief account is given of various approaches to the individualization of drug dosage, including the use of pharmacodynamic markers, therapeutic monitoring of plasma drug concentrations, genotyping, computer-guided dosage using 'dashboards', and automatic closed-loop control of pharmacological action. The potential for linking the real patient to his or her 'virtual twin' through the application of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling is also discussed.
December 9, 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942273/a-clinical-perspective-on-electronically-collecting-patient-reported-outcomes-at-the-point-of-care-for-overactive-bladder
#18
Darren Desantis, Richard J Baverstock, Andrea Civitarese, R Trafford Crump, Kevin V Carlson
INTRODUCTION: Collecting patient-reported outcomes (PROs) can inform the treatment and management of overactive bladder (OAB). However, collecting these data at the point-of-care can be time-consuming and have a negative impact on a clinic's workflow. The purpose of this study was to pilot a digital system for collecting PROs at the point-of-care and qualitatively assess clinicians' perspectives in terms of the system's impact on the delivery of care for OAB. METHODS: Patients visiting a urology clinic for OAB completed several PRO instruments using a tablet while awaiting assessment...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926590/dashboards-to-help-patient-education-in-home-healthcare
#19
Seonah Lee, Trish Huebner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920019/personalized-diabetes-management-using-electronic-medical-records
#20
Dimitris Bertsimas, Nathan Kallus, Alexander M Weinstein, Ying Daisy Zhuo
OBJECTIVE: Current clinical guidelines for managing type 2 diabetes do not differentiate based on patient-specific factors. We present a data-driven algorithm for personalized diabetes management that improves health outcomes relative to the standard of care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We modeled outcomes under 13 pharmacological therapies based on electronic medical records from 1999 to 2014 for 10,806 patients with type 2 diabetes from Boston Medical Center...
December 5, 2016: Diabetes Care
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