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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528524/a-novel-public-health-approach-to-measuring-tobacco-cessation-needs-among-cancer-survivors-in-alaska
#1
J Michael Underwood, Samantha J Hyde-Rolland, Julia Thorsness, Sherri L Stewart
Cancer survivors who continue to smoke have poorer response to treatment, higher risk for future cancers and lower survival rates than those who quit tobacco after diagnosis. Despite the increased risk for negative health outcomes, tobacco use among Alaskan cancer survivors is 19%, among the highest in the nation. To characterize and address tobacco cessation needs among cancer survivors who called a quit line for help in quitting tobacco, Alaska's Comprehensive Cancer Control program initiated a novel partnership with the state's Tobacco Quit Line...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#2
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528411/imposex-in-reishia-clavigera-as-an-indicator-to-assess-recovery-of-tbt-pollution-after-a-total-ban-in-south-korea
#3
Nam Sook Kim, Sang Hee Hong, Kyung-Hoon Shin, Won Joon Shim
The temporal changes in the frequency and degree of imposex and tributyltin (TBT) levels in gastropod (Reishia clavigera) were evaluated in Jinhae Bay, 5 and 10 years after the total ban on TBT usage in South Korea. The frequency and degree of imposex decreased significantly after the ban, accompanied by an increase in the female-to-male ratio. The TBT concentrations in R. clavigera also decreased significantly after the ban. There were good correlations between the TBT concentration in rock shell and both the degree of imposex and the female-to-male ratio...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528407/effects-of-feeding-strategy-sediment-characteristics-and-chemical-properties-on-polychlorinated-biphenyl-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-bioaccumulation-from-marine-sediments-in-two-invertebrates
#4
H Frouin, P Jackman, N D Dangerfield, P S Ross
Shellfish and sediment invertebrates have been widely used to assess pollution trends over space and time in coastal environments around the world. However, few studies have compared the bioaccumulation potential of different test species over a range of sediment-contaminant concentrations and profiles. The bioavailability of sediment-related contaminants was evaluated using sediments collected from sites (n = 12) throughout the Salish Sea, British Columbia, Canada. Two benthic marine invertebrates-the Baltic clam Macoma balthica and the polychaete worm Neanthes arenaceodentata-were exposed for 28 days in a controlled environment to these field-collected coastal sediments...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528347/discriminative-accuracy-of-physician-and-nurse-predictions-for-survival-and-functional-outcomes-6-months-after-an-icu-admission
#5
Michael E Detsky, Michael O Harhay, Dominique F Bayard, Aaron M Delman, Anna E Buehler, Saida A Kent, Isabella V Ciuffetelli, Elizabeth Cooney, Nicole B Gabler, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Mark E Mikkelsen, Scott D Halpern
Importance: Predictions of long-term survival and functional outcomes influence decision making for critically ill patients, yet little is known regarding their accuracy. Objective: To determine the discriminative accuracy of intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and nurses in predicting 6-month patient mortality and morbidity, including ambulation, toileting, and cognition. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study conducted in 5 ICUs in 3 hospitals in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and enrolling patients who spent at least 3 days in the ICU from October 2013 until May 2014 and required mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, or both...
May 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528312/low-sensitivity-of-reproductive-life-stages-in-the-pacific-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-to-abamectin
#6
Laura J Falkenberg, Anna-Lisa Wrange, Alexandra Kinnby, Jon N Havenhand, Antony Lockyer, Craig A Styan
Hard surfaces submerged in the marine environment often become colonised by macro-organisms unless the surfaces have some form of biofouling protection. While protective paints that contain tributyltin or copper work well to prevent biofouling, release of these materials into the environment has been shown to have wider negative impacts. Consequently, new low-release antifouling paints are being developed with alternative active ingredients, such as avermectins, yet little is known about their potential effects on non-target organisms in marine environments...
May 15, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528279/first-validation-of-the-gout-activity-score-against-gout-impact-scale-in-a-primary-care-based-gout-cohort
#7
Jonathan La-Crette, Wendy Jenkins, Gwen Fernandes, Ana M Valdes, Michael Doherty, Abhishek Abhishek
OBJECTIVES: To validate the gout activity score (GAS) against the gout impact scale in a primary care based gout cohort. METHODS: This was a single-centre cross-sectional study. People with gout who participated in previous research at Academic Rheumatology, University of Nottingham, UK, and consented for participation in future studies were mailed a questionnaire in September 2015. Those returning completed questionnaires were invited to attend for a study visit at which blood was collected and musculoskeletal examination was performed...
May 17, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528258/epidemiology-and-management-of-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-experience-from-two-expert-centers
#8
Maria Anna Bazmpani, Alexandra Arvanitaki, Maria Toumpourleka, Georgia Pitsiou, Evaggelia Panagiotidou, Sophia Anastasia Mouratoglou, Georgios Sianos, Stavros Hadjimiltiades, Antonios Pitsis, Eckhard Mayer, Ioannis Stanopoulos, Haralambos Karvounis, George Giannakoulas
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare, distinct pulmonary vascular disease, and, therefore, there is lack of data regarding its clinical presentation, diagnosis and management at a national basis. Our objective was to describe the demographics and management of CTEPH patients in Northern Greece. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational study with a joint collaboration from two pulmonary hypertension expert centers in Greece and included patients diagnosed with CTEPH...
May 17, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528210/do-patients-need-to-stay-in-bed-all-day-in-the-epilepsy-monitoring-unit-safety-data-from-a-non-restrictive-setting
#9
Laura Craciun, Jørgen Alving, Elena Gardella, Daniella Terney, Pirgit Meritam, Melita Cacic Hribljan, Sándor Beniczky
PURPOSE: To assess whether injuries occur more often in an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU) where portable EEG amplifiers are used, and where patients can freely move within a large area during the monitoring. METHODS: Patients were monitored at the Danish Epilepsy Center, in an EMU specifically designed for this purpose, and they were under continuous surveillance by personnel dedicated to the EMU. Adverse events (AEs) - including injuries, were prospectively noted, as part of the safety policy of the hospital...
May 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528124/validation-of-the-security-needs-assessment-profile-for-measuring-the-profiles-of-security-needs-of-chinese-forensic-psychiatric-inpatients
#10
B W M Siu, C C Y Au-Yeung, A W L Chan, L S Y Chan, K K Yuen, H W Leung, C K Yan, K K Ng, A C H Lai, S Davies, M Collins
Mapping forensic psychiatric services with the security needs of patients is a salient step in service planning, audit and review. A valid and reliable instrument for measuring the security needs of Chinese forensic psychiatric inpatients was not yet available. This study aimed to develop and validate the Chinese version of the Security Needs Assessment Profile for measuring the profiles of security needs of Chinese forensic psychiatric inpatients. The Security Needs Assessment Profile by Davis was translated into Chinese...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528091/antiproliferative-activity-of-ontario-grown-onions-against-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-cells
#11
Abdulmonem I Murayyan, Cynthya M Manohar, Gordon Hayward, Suresh Neethirajan
Cancer is the leading cause of mortality in Canada and other industrialized nations; the development of new/improved cancer therapies is desperately needed and continues to be a major focus of cancer research. Flavonoids, which are found in high levels in onions, have been shown to exert antiproliferative and potentially anti-cancer activities. To test their therapeutic potential, we assessed the antiproliferative, cytotoxic, apoptosis-inducing, and anti-migratory activities of five onion varieties grown in Ontario against human adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528009/identification-of-novel-haemophilus-parasuis-serovar-5-vaccine-candidates-using-an-immunoproteomic-approach
#12
Gang Li, Fang Xie, Jianjun Li, Jiao Liu, Dapeng Li, Yanhe Zhang, Paul R Langford, Yanwen Li, Siguo Liu, Chunlai Wang
Haemophilus parasuis is the aetiological agent of Glässer's disease, which is responsible for cases of fibrinous polyserositis, polyarthritis and meningitis. No vaccine is known that provides cross-protection against all serovars. The identification of novel immunoprotective antigens would undoubtedly contribute to the development of efficient subunit vaccines. In the present study, an immunoproteomic approach was used to analyze secreted proteins of H. parasuis and six proteins with high immunogenicity were identified...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527973/molecular-analysis-of-group-a-rotaviruses-detected-in-hospitalized-children-from-rawalpindi-pakistan-during-2014
#13
Massab Umair, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Nadia Nisar, Muhammad Masroor Alam, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Muhammad Suleman Rana, Adnan Khurshid, Ghulam Mujtaba, Uzma Bashir Aamir, Syed Sohail Zahoor Zaidi
As part of strategy to control diarrheal diseases, World Health Organization (WHO) recommends to include rotavirus vaccines in national immunization programs. Sentinel surveillance networks have been established to monitor rotavirus disease burden and genotype distribution in both pre and post vaccine era in many countries. Unfortunately due to lack of proper surveillance programs, data on rotavirus disease burden and genotype distribution from Pakistan is scarce. We investigated 502 stool samples from children (<5years) hospitalized due to gastroenteritis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan during 2014 for the presence of group A rotavirus (RVA) and its genotypic diversity...
May 17, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527966/suture-dehiscence-in-the-tricuspid-annulus-an-ex%C3%A2-vivo-analysis-of-tissue-strength-and-composition
#14
Deborah M Paul, Ajay Naran, Eric L Pierce, Charles H Bloodworth, Steven F Bolling, Ajit P Yoganathan
BACKGROUND: Surgical repair of functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) is an increasingly common practice, but annuloplasty suture dehiscence remains a significant problem. Quantitative and mechanistic understanding of annular suture holding strength can support more effective techniques for tricuspid valve device anchoring. METHODS: Suture holding strength of ovine tricuspid annuli (n = 15) was quantified ex vivo by pullout testing at 12 positions around their circumference...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527794/farmers-preferences-for-automatic-lameness-detection-systems-in-dairy-cattle
#15
T Van De Gucht, W Saeys, A Van Nuffel, L Pluym, K Piccart, L Lauwers, J Vangeyte, S Van Weyenberg
As lameness is a major health problem in dairy herds, a lot of attention goes to the development of automated lameness-detection systems. Few systems have made it to the market, as most are currently still in development. To get these systems ready for practice, developers need to define which system characteristics are important for the farmers as end users. In this study, farmers' preferences for the different characteristics of proposed lameness-detection systems were investigated. In addition, the influence of sociodemographic and farm characteristics on farmers' preferences was assessed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527732/descriptive-study-of-the-frequency-of-medical-adhesive-related-skin-injuries-in-a-vascular-clinic
#16
Catherine R Ratliff
A medical adhesive can be defined as a product used to secure a device (ie, tape, dressing, catheter, electrode, and ostomy pouch) to the skin. Skin injury related to medical adhesive usage occurs across all care settings with medical adhesive-related skin injuries (MARSIs) playing a significant role with patient safety. The purpose of this descriptive prospective study was to assess all adult patients with wounds seen in the vascular clinic for MARSI by the CWOCN NP over a 3-month time period. One hundred twenty patients comprising a total of 207 visits were seen by the CWOCN NP over the 3-month time frame...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527713/stability-or-instability-in-avoidant-personality-disorder-mode-fluctuations-within-schema-therapy-sessions
#17
Ofer Peled, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Avoidant personality disorder (APD) is among the most prevalent personality disorders, but has received relatively little empirical attention. This study aims to characterize the frequency, intensity, and fluctuation patterns seen in the modes (self-states) of APD clients over the course of schema therapy (ST), a psychotherapy approach developed especially for personality disorders. METHOD: The newly-developed client mode rating scale (CMRS) was used to code every 5-min segment (n = 645) of 60 ST sessions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527683/association-of-val66met-polymorphism-at-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-with-depression-among-chinese-adolescents-after-wenchuan-earthquake-an-18months-longitudinal-study
#18
Mei Fan, Rong Hui Li, Min Shan Hu, Li Ying Xiao, Xue Dong Zhou, Mao Sheng Ran, Ding Zhi Fang
To longitudinally investigate the association of Val66Met polymorphism at brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene (BDNF) with depression in Chinese Han adolescents after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, BDNF Val66Met was identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and verified by DNA sequencing. Depression was assessed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) among high school students at 6, 12 and 18months after the earthquake. The results showed that the females constantly had higher depression prevalence than the males during the follow-up in the Met allele carriers, but not in the Val/Val homozygotes...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527682/analyzing-the-experiences-of-adolescent-control-rats-effects-of-the-absence-of-physical-or-social-stimulation-on-anxiety-like-behaviour-are-dependent-on-the-test
#19
Namrata Joshi, Ronald A Leslie, Tara S Perrot
The present study was designed to systematically assess the control experience routinely used in our laboratory as part of studies on predator odour stress. Specifically, we examined effects of the physical and social components of this control experience on measures of anxiety-like behaviour in adolescent rats. Adolescent animals are at increased susceptibility to environmental perturbations and have been used for such studies much less often. Male and female Long-Evans rats were subjected to physical stimulation (Exposed or Unexposed) and social stimulation (Single Housed or Pair Housed), resulting in four groups...
May 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527545/comparing-effects-of-two-different-types-of-nei-guan-acupuncture-stimulation-devices-in-reducing-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#20
Hanna Oh, Bo Hwan Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of a relief band using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation with a wrist band using acupressure on the Nei-Guan acupuncture point to relieve postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients who had undergone gynecologic surgery. DESIGN: A double-blinded randomized controlled trial. METHODS: In total, 54 patients scheduled for gynecologic surgery under general anesthesia were included in this study...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
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