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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#1
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904213/functional-outcome-of-intraarticular-distal-humerus-fracture-fixation-using-triceps-sparing-paratricipital-approach
#2
Vishal Yadav, Pulak Sharma, Ashish Gohiya
BACKGROUND: Displaced intraarticular distal humerus fracture has been conventionally treated operatively with various triceps disrupting approaches. These approaches are associated with several complications, such as triceps weakness, nonunion or delayed union of osteotomy, implant prominence, and delayed mobilization of the elbow. We present the functional outcome of intraarticular distal humerus fracture fixation using a triceps-sparing paratricipital approach which allows early elbow mobilization and preserving triceps strength...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903928/restoring-the-anatomy-of-calcaneal-fractures-a-simple-technique-with-radiographic-review
#3
James M Cottom, Joseph S Baker
: Displaced, intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus result in gross deformity of the hindfoot, which must be reduced during surgical fixation. Described techniques aimed at restoring the normal anatomy of the calcaneus have mostly been focused on percutaneous methods, which are not without complication. Described in this report is a method of anatomic reduction during open reduction and internal fixation of these injuries, which uses a lamina spreader to simultaneously reduce calcaneal varus, restore calcaneal height, reduce the subtalar joint, and restore normal calcaneal width...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900824/mandibular-angle-fractures-a-comparative-study-between-one-and-two-plate-fixation
#4
Marcelo Silva Monnazzi, Marisa Ap Cabrini Gabrielli, Mário Francisco Real Gabrielli, Alexandre Elias Trivellato
BACKGROUND/AIM: The mandibular angle fracture is a challenging fracture to manage. Over time, the literature has shown many types of treatment modalities and different kinds of internal fixation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and complications of mandibular angle fractures managed by Champy's technique and two-plate fixation, over a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 149 patients with 155 angle fractures fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were chosen for this study...
November 7, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900703/the-treatment-of-distal-third-humeral-diaphyseal-fractures-is-there-still-a-place-for-the-external-fixation
#5
N Tartaglia, G Vicenti, M Carrozzo, A Abate, F Rifino, G Picca, G Solarino, B Moretti
INTRODUCTION: The treatment for humeral diaphyseal fractures is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of treating humeral distal third diaphyseal fractures by using external fixation technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively review 65 cases of diaphyseal humeral fractures (31 type A, 23 type B and 11 type C of the AO/OTA classification) treated with external fixation (Orthofix FAD small) between 2008 and 2013...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900307/arthroscopic-fixation-of-coronoid-process-fractures-through-coronoid-tunnelling-and-capsular-plication
#6
Paolo Arrigoni, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Davide Cucchi, Simone Nicoletti, Enrico Guerra
PURPOSE: the purpose of this study is to describe a new arthroscopic technique for reduction and fixation of coronoid process fractures (CPFs) and report clinical and functional results in 4 patients after a 24-month follow-up. METHODS: four patients underwent arthroscopic reduction and fixation of isolated CPFs (acute or non-unions, type I or type II according to the Regan-Morrey classification) performed using a new technique based on coronoid tunnelling and capsular plication...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897212/groundwater-helium-anomaly-reflects-strain-change-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-southwest-japan
#7
Yuji Sano, Naoto Takahata, Takanori Kagoshima, Tomo Shibata, Tetsuji Onoue, Dapeng Zhao
Geochemical monitoring of groundwater and soil gas emission pointed out precursor and/or coseismic anomalies of noble gases associated with earthquakes, but there was lack of plausible physico-chemical basis. A laboratory experiment of rock fracturing and noble gas emission was conducted, but there is no quantitative connection between the laboratory results and observation in field. We report here deep groundwater helium anomalies related to the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, which is an inland crustal earthquake with a strike-slip fault and a shallow hypocenter (10 km depth) close to highly populated areas in Southwest Japan...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894176/complications-and-short-term-outcomes-of-medial-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-using-a-locking-plate-for-medial-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#8
Seung-Suk Seo, Ok-Gul Kim, Jin-Hyeok Seo, Do-Hoon Kim, Youn-Gu Kim, In-Seung Lee
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate complications and radiologic and clinical outcomes of medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) using a locking plate. Materials and Methods: This study reviewed 167 patients who were treated with MOWHTO using a locking plate from May 2012 to June 2014. Patients without complications were classified into group 1 and those with complications into group 2. Medical records, operative notes, and radiographs were retrospectively reviewed to identify complications...
December 1, 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893757/assessing-the-acetabular-cup-implant-primary-stability-by-impact-analyses-a-cadaveric-study
#9
Adrien Michel, Romain Bosc, Jean-Paul Meningaud, Philippe Hernigou, Guillaume Haiat
BACKGROUND: The primary stability of the acetabular cup (AC) implant is an important determinant for the long term success of cementless hip surgery. However, it remains difficult to assess the AC implant stability due to the complex nature of the bone-implant interface. A compromise should be found when inserting the AC implant in order to obtain a sufficient implant stability without risking bone fracture. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of impact signals analyses to assess the primary stability of AC implants inserted in cadaveric specimens...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892447/a-study-on-variations-of-nutrient-foramen-of-humerus-with-its-clinical-implications
#10
D I Mansur, P Manandhar, M K Haque, D K Mehta, S Duwal, B Timalsina
Background Nutrient foramen is an opening into shaft of humerus which gives passage to the blood vessels of medullary cavity. The knowledge of nutrient foramen is important in surgical procedures like bone grafting and more recently in microsurgical vascularized bone transplantation. Objective To determine the number, location and direction of nutrient foramen and whether the nutrient foramens obey the rule of ossification, that is directed away from the growing end of the bone or not. Method The present study consisted of 253 (108 right and 145 left) dried humeri excluding any fracture or pathological abnormalities during the period of 15th December 2014 - 14th February 2015...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891497/mechanisms-involved-in-altered-bone-metabolism-in-diabetes-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Maryam Ghodsi, Bagher Larijani, Abbass Ali Keshtkar, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani, Sudabeh Alatab, Mohammad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani
Many studies have shown that change in metabolism caused by diabetes can influence the bone metabolism in a way that quality and strength of bone is decreased. A 6 times and 2 times increased risk of fracture is reported in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, respectively. There are several mechanisms by which diabetes can affect the bone. The fact that some of these mechanisms are acting in opposite ways opens the door for debate on pathways by which diabetes affects the bones. On the other hand, bone is not a simple organ that only get influence from other organs, but it is an endocrine organ that by secreting the agents such as osteocalcin, adiponectin and visfatin which can affect the insulin sensitivity and metabolism...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891409/distal-femur-locking-plate-the-answer-to-all-distal-femoral-fractures
#12
Jagandeep Singh Virk, Sudhir Kumar Garg, Parmanand Gupta, Vivek Jangira, Jagdeep Singh, Sudhir Rana
INTRODUCTION: Good results have been published by researchers with distal femur nail, dynamic condylar screw and even addition of a medial plate to a distal femur locking plate for treating distal femur fractures. By this study, we explore the capability of a distal femur locking plate to counter distal femur fractures of extra- articular, partial or intra- articular nature. Positive results have been published by various groups from all over the world. AIM: To study the functional and radiological outcome of distal femoral fractures in skeletally mature patients treated by open reduction and internal fixation with distal femur locking plate...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890246/treatment-of-dynamic-scapholunate-instability-dissociation-contribution-of-arthroscopy
#13
C Mathoulin
Scapholunate (SL) ligament injuries generally result from trauma to an extended, supinated wrist, leading to chronic instability that progresses toward osteoarthritis. They can occur together with distal radius fracture. These injuries can be difficult to diagnose, especially early on. Treating chronic SL ligament injuries before the onset of osteoarthritis is still a challenge for surgeons. Until recently, the recommended treatments consisted of open SL ligament reconstruction or repair procedures that reduce pain and improve pinch strength but also lead to wrist stiffness...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890219/-over-reduction-after-distal-radius-fracture-pinning-in-young-active-patients-prevention-by-multiple-mixed-pinning
#14
O Delattre, G Greffe, L Stratan, F Duroux, J Donatien
Over-reduction is a classical complication following pinning of distal radius fractures. Indeed, the pinning techniques derived from Kapandji's technique do not allow anterior stabilization. A literature review and our experience show that it is an underestimated complication that can affect up to one-third of cases, but that is well tolerated if the anterior tilt is less than 20°. Excessive angulation of the dorsal intrafocal K-wires becomes a significant risk factor beyond 60°. Volar comminution of the fracture is an obvious predisposing factor...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890210/-surgical-exposures-for-distal-radius-fractures
#15
O Mares, R Coulomb, C Lazerges, C Bosch, P Kouyoumdjian
This is a review of the various approaches that can be used for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of distal radius fractures. The main dissection steps are exposed and the specific indications for each approach are described. The anterior approach is discussed extensively as it is now the gold standard for ORIF of distal radius fractures. The lateral and posterior approaches are also described as they are sometimes needed for complex fractures.
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890204/-hand-rehabilitation-after-distal-radius-fracture
#16
D Thomas, D Zanin
Distal radius fractures (DRF) are common. Good outcomes are the result of appropriate initial treatment (immobilization, external fixation, percutaneous pinning or open reduction and internal fixation) and rehabilitation adapted to this treatment. When started immediately, rehabilitation of DRF prevents complications due to immobilization, surgery and a non-controlled healing process. Splints play an important role at all stages of rehabilitation.
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890203/-distal-radius-fractures-in-children
#17
S Otayek, M Ramanoudjame, F Fitoussi
Metaphyseal and physeal fractures of the distal radius are common in children. Most cases are best treated with closed reduction and cast immobilization. Long-term outcomes of these injuries are excellent when specific treatment principles of reduction and casting are followed. Surgical indications are limited and include open fractures, intra-articular fractures, non-reducible fractures, unstable fractures, and the presence of associated nerve injury. Closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation is the most commonly used surgical option...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890196/-nonunion-after-distal-radius-fracture-a-review
#18
P Liverneaux, S Facca, J J Hidalgo Diaz
Nonunion after distal radius fracture is rare, serious and unpredictable. The preferred treatment is resection of the nonunion zone followed by open reduction and internal fixation with autologous iliac crest bone graft. When the distal fragment is less than 5mm high, a dorsal plate that bridges the radiocarpal joint is recommended. In patients with low functional demands, radiocarpal fusion is a logical choice. The bone healing rate is 58% and could be improved by using a vascular graft. Bone healing is not synonymous with good clinical outcomes...
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886875/the-role-of-a-miniopen-thoracoscopic-assisted-approach-in-the-management-of-burst-fractures-involving-the-thoracolumbar-junction
#19
REVIEW
Ricky Raj S Kalra, Meic H Schmidt
Thoracoscopic spinal surgery is a minimally invasive open endoscopic approach to the anterior thoracolumbar spine for decompression and stabilization. It offers an alternative to open thoracotomy for thoracolumbar burst fractures, anterior spinal cord decompression, and spinal reconstruction with interbody and anterolateral plate instrumentation for restoration of biomechanical stability and alignment. Posterior instrumentation may not sufficiently stabilize a significantly disrupted anterior load-bearing spinal column, and the high access morbidity of open procedures is of significant concern...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886874/treatment-of-facet-injuries-in-the-cervical-spine
#20
REVIEW
Navid Khezri, Tamir Ailon, Brian K Kwon
Facet injuries are common in the cervical spine. Many classification systems over the years have characterized the heterogeneity of these injuries. For unilateral facet fractures with minimal displacement and no neurological deficit, there is mounting evidence that better radiographic and clinical outcomes may be achieved with surgical treatment. Anterior and posterior approaches can both be utilized successfully for the surgical management of facet injuries. The anterior approach is well tolerated, allows one to address a disc herniation, and provides a high union rate with good sagittal alignment...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
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